Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1480
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gamper Nikita - - 2005
The line of epithelial-like Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was initiated by T.T. Puck in 1957. Since then, CHO cells have become a widely used mammalian expression system in industry and science. This paper discusses the different features of CHO cell physiology as well as the specific aspects of using ...
Thielemans Leen - - 2005
Tachyphylaxis may have contributed to the failure of the motilide ABT-229 [N-ethyl, N-methyl 4'' deoxy erythromycin (EM)-B enolether] in clinical trials. We compared the desensitizing potency of structurally related motilides [EM-A, EM-A enolether (ME4), N-ethyl, N-methyl EM-A (ME36), EM-B enolether (ME67), N-ethyl, N-methyl EM-A enolether (EM523), ABT-229 and 4'' deoxy ...
Wang Wen-Bin - - 2005
As a major physiological inhibitor of thrombin and other coagulation proteases, antithrombin (AT) plays an important role in the maintenance of normal hemostasis and its deficiency is associated with a predisposition for familial venous thromboembolic disease. Recently, we found a novel mutation (13387-9delG) in the antithrombin gene that is associated ...
Glatt Hansruedi - - 2005
We recently constructed a Chinese hamster V79-derived cell line that stably expresses human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2E1 and human sulphotransferase (SULT) 1A1. These enzymes are involved in the bioactivation of numerous promutagens/procarcinogens, but are not taken into account in standard in vitro mutagenicity assays. Various carbohydrate pyrolysis products and other ...
Liu Dailan - - 2005
The variant CHO-K1 cell line, NRel-4, is unable to synthesize plasmalogens because of a severe reduction in dihydroxyacetonephosphate acyltransferase (DHAPAT) activity (Nagan, N., A. K. Hajra, L. K. Larkins, P. Lazarow, P. E. Purdue, W. B. Rizzo, and R. A. Zoeller. 1998. Isolation of a Chinese hamster fibroblast variant defective ...
Bozsakyová E - - 2005
The aim was to investigate whether there are differences in the spontaneous and gamma-ray-induced genomic instability in peripheral blood lymphocytes between untreated cervical cancer patients and healthy women using the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) assay as an indicator of chromosomal instability. Lymphocyte cultures from whole venous blood of 10 patients ...
Hijazi Nuha - - 2005
Many lines of evidence suggest an interaction between glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and the PrP proteins as well as a possible role for GAGs in prion disease pathogenesis. In this work, we sought to determine whether the PrP-GAG interaction affects the incorporation of PrP(Sc) (the scrapie isoform of PrP) to normal cells. ...
Yi Huilan - - 2005
The effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) hydrates exposure on cell cycle, sister chromatid exchange (SCE), and micronuclei (MN) were investigated in barley (Hordeum vulgare) roots. A mixture of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite (1:3), at various concentrations from 1x10(-5) to 3x10(-2)M, was used for the treatments. The results showed that ...
Chou Chih-Fong - - 2005
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), a life-threatening disease, is caused by the newly identified virus SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). In order to study the spike (S) protein of this highly contagious virus, we established a clonal cell-line, CHO-SG, from the Chinese hamster ovary cells that stably expresses C-terminally EGFP-tagged SARS-CoV S ...
Hirano Seiki - - 2005
Some of the restarting events of stalled replication forks lead to sister chromatid exchange (SCE) as a result of homologous recombination (HR) repair with crossing over. The rate of SCE is elevated by the loss of BLM helicase or by a defect in translesion synthesis (TLS). We found that spontaneous ...
Zhou Fanfan - - 2005
We used a novel approach to evaluate how the addition/acquisition and processing/modification of N-linked oligosaccharides play a role in the functional maturation of human organic anion transporter hOAT4. Inhibition of acquisition of oligosaccharides in hOAT4 by mutating asparagine to glutamine and by tunicamycin treatment was combined with the expression of ...
Saleh-Gohari Nasrollah - - 2004
The BRCA2 tumour suppressor protein is involved in maintaining genetic stability through its role in homologous recombination (HR), where it mediates RAD51-dependent strand invasion. Here, we show that BRCA2-defective cells are not completely impaired in HR by strand invasion although the spontaneous HR rate is 10-fold lower than that in ...
Ropolo Monica - - 2004
Repair of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) is inefficient in human cells due to the poor catalytic properties of hOGG1, the major DNA glycosylase involved in the removal of this oxidized base. The S3 ribosomal/repair protein from Drosophila melanogaster (dS3) is endowed with a potent 8-oxoG glycolytic activity coupled with a beta, delta-AP ...
Coulombe Josée - - 2004
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is activated by divalent cations and might mediate some of the effects of strontium ranelate, a new drug for the prevention and treatment of post-menopausal osteoporosis. Here, we showed that the maximal effect of Sr(2+) was comparable to that observed for Ca(2+) for both the ...
Drexler Guido A - - 2004
The Chinese hamster cell mutant, CL-V4B that is mutated in the Rad51 paralog gene, Rad51C (RAD51L2), has been described to exhibit increased sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, genomic instability, and an impaired Rad51 foci formation in response to DNA damage. To directly examine an effect of the Rad51C protein on ...
Glösl Sigrid - - 2004
Melanoidins are formed during household cooking procedures and are part of our daily diet, but data on their toxicological potential are still scarce. Therefore, the mutagenic, cytotoxic and genotoxic activity of the water soluble total fraction (sol A), the water soluble high molecular weight fraction (HMW; Molecular weight>12,400 Da) and ...
Li Xiu-Min - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the potential use of the Chinese herbal formula MSSM-002 in treating asthma based on its effects on a murine model of allergic asthma, immunoregulatory actions on T(H)2 cells in vitro, and the means of standardization for herbal formula quality control. DATA SOURCES: Information presented at the 2002 ...
Wang Zhengrong - - 2004
A new insofar as chronobiologic therapeutic approach by atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) for hypertension and/or congestive heart failure (CHF) is based on the release of ANP from ANP cDNA transfected Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells encapsulated in polycaprolactone (PCL) tubes. ANP secretion was maintained for at least 6 months. The ...
Motta Salvatore - - 2004
In order to document cytogenetic damage associated with air pollution and, possibly, with health effects in the city of Catania, Sicily (Italy), we analyzed the induction of chromosomal aberrations by extractable agents from airborne particulate matter in a Chinese hamster epithelial liver (CHEL) cells. These cells retain their metabolic competence ...
Garcia del Barco, Diana
Erythropoietin is the main hormone involved in the process of erythroid differentiation. Human EPO is a highly glycosilated protein, and its natural source for purification is the urine of patients with severe aplastic anemia. Here we report on the secretion of biologically active rhEPO by Chinese hamster ovary cells. Erythropoietin ...
Fiszman, Gabriel León
The microencapsulation of recombinant cells, widely used for in vitro high-density cell culture, is a novel and potentially cost-effective method of in vivo heterologous protein delivery, where the protein producing cells are immunologically protected from tissue rejection. We report here a simple, reliable and inexpensive laboratory method to generate calcium ...
Duvet Sandrine - - 2004
Recent studies demonstrated that deglycosylation step is a prerequisite for endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation of misfolded glycoproteins. Here, we report the advantages of using benzyl mannose during pulse-chase experiments to study the subcellular location of the deglycosylation step in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines. Benzyl mannose inhibited both the ...
Lee Sung-Joon - - 2004
HL is synthesized in hepatocytes and functions while bound to heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) in sinusoidal endothelial cells. The HL-mediated uptake of lipoprotein requires cell-surface HSPG. The present study tested whether HL plays a role in the production of HSPG. The production of HSPG in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells ...
Onoda Fumitoshi - - 2004
SMC6 (RHC18) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is a homologue of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe rad18+ gene and essential for cell viability, encodes a structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) family protein. In contrast to the rest of the SMC family of proteins, Smc1-Smc4, which are the components of cohesin or condensin, little ...
Boyce Antony - - 2004
Resveratrol is a phytoalexin, that belongs to a family of naturally occurring stilbenes. It has been reported that resveratrol can inhibit chemical carcinogenesis in experimental animals and although the mechanisms involved are unknown, an anti-mutagen mechanism has been proposed. We have explored this hypothesis using mutagenicity assays based on bacterial ...
Duncan Michael B - - 2004
The role of heparan sulfate (HS) in regulating blood coagulation has a wide range of clinical implications. In this study, we investigated the role of 3-O-sulfotransferase isoform 5 (3-OST-5) in generating anticoagulant HS in vivo. A Chinese hamster ovary cell line (3OST5/CHO) stably expressing 3-OST-5 was generated. The expression of ...
Gardner Rachel - - 2004
Acrolein is a highly reactive hazardous air pollutant of human health concern, particularly as it is a component of cigarette smoke. It can be metabolized by enzymes including the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) family of enzymes. AKR7A1 is a member of the AKR7 sub-family and can catalyse the reduction of toxic ...
Sasaki M S - - 2004
DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICL) present a major threat to cell viability and genome integrity. In eukaryotic cells, the ICLs have been suggested to be repaired by a complex process involving Xpf/Ercc1-mediated endonucleolytic incision and homologous recombination (HR). However, the entire feature of the ICL tolerating mechanism is still poorly understood. ...
Gábelová Alena - - 2004
The cytochrome P4501A subfamily (CYP1A) is involved in the metabolic activation of 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole (DBC) and its tissue- and organ-specific derivatives, N-methyldibenzo[c,g]carbazole (MeDBC)and 5,9-dimethyldibenzo[c,g]carbazole (diMeDBC). In this study, we have evaluated the relationship between the tissue specificity and (32)P-postlabeled adduct patterns produced by these compounds by using a panel of Chinese ...
Weskamp Gisela - - 2004
Protein ectodomain shedding, the proteolytic release of the extracellullar domain of membrane-tethered proteins, can dramatically affect the function of cell surface receptors, growth factors, cytokines, and other proteins. In this study, we evaluated the activities involved in ectodomain shedding of p75NTR, a neurotrophin receptor with critical roles in neuronal differentiation ...
Koyama Shin - - 2003
To investigate the effects of high frequency electromagnetic fields (HFEMFs), we assessed the frequency of micronucleus (MN) formation induced by chromosomal breakage or inhibition of spindles during cell division in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells, using the cytokinesis block micronucleus method. The MN frequency in cells in the inner, middle ...
Lee JaeHoon - - 2003
To identify factors required for the synthesis of complex glycans, we have isolated Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants resistant to plant lectins. We previously identified Lec19 CHO cells as resistant to the Gal-binding lectins ricin, abrin, and modeccin and hypersensitive to the toxicity of other lectins that bind Gal, ...
Sakurai Isamu - - 2003
Phosphatidylglycerol (PG) is a ubiquitous component of thylakoid membranes. Experiments with the pgsA mutant of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 defective in biosynthesis of PG have demonstrated an indispensable role of PG in photosynthesis. In the present study, we have investigated the light susceptibility of the pgsA mutant with regard ...
Krutilina Raisa Ivanovna - - 2003
Chinese hamster cells have large interstitial (TTAGGG) bands (ITs) which are unstable and should be protected by an unknown mechanism. Here, we expressed in Chinese hamster V79 cells green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged human TRF1, and found that a major fraction of GFP-TRF1 bound to ITs is diffusionally mobile. This fraction ...
Olsen P A - - 2003
Branched oligonucleotides (b-oligonucleotides) based on a novel branching monomer were used for site-specific sequence alteration in vivo. With a stable integrated mutated enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) template in Chinese hamster ovary cells, up to 0.1% EGFP-positive cells were counted after transfection with b-oligonucleotides. The presence of EGFP protein in ...
Gliszczyńska-Swigło Anna - - 2003
The effects of quercetin on viability and proliferation of Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells and CHO cells overexpressing human quinone reductase (CHO+NQO1) were studied to investigate the involvement of the pro-oxidant quinone chemistry of quercetin. The toxicity of menadione was significantly reduced in CHO+NQO1 cells compared to wild-type CHO cells, ...
Matsumoto Naomi - - 2003
The human disorders of peroxisome biogenesis (PBDs) are subdivided into 12 complementation groups (CGs). CG8 is one of the more common of these and is associated with varying phenotypes, ranging from the most severe, Zellweger syndrome (ZS), to the milder neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD) and infantile Refsum disease (IRD). PEX26, encoding ...
Fukumura Junko - - 2003
ts ET24 cells are a novel temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant for cell proliferation of hamster BHK21 cells. The human genomic DNA which rescued the temperature-sensitive lethality of ts ET24 cells was isolated and screened for an open reading frame in the deposited human genomic library. X chromosomal DBX gene encoding the ...
Fernández M J - - 2003
Caffeine has been investigated for its potential mutagenic activity to bacteria, fungi and mammalian cells in culture, and at high concentrations it is also an inducer of apoptosis. Caffeine can exert acute cellular toxicity, including inhibition of cell growth and cell death, in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The aim of ...
Murakami Yoshiko - - 2003
Many cell surface proteins are anchored to a membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI), which is attached to the C termini in the endoplasmic reticulum. The inositol ring of phosphatidylinositol is acylated during biosynthesis of GPI. In mammalian cells, the acyl chain is added to glucosaminyl phosphatidylinositol at the third step ...
Sun Xiang-Ming - - 2003
A method is described for estimating recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (rCHO) cell density in a packed-bed bioreactor by lactate production rate. The lactate production rate, which depended on both the cell numbers and cell growth rate, was modeled by segregating the cell population into two parts: one growing at a ...
Lidell Martin E - - 2003
The entire cDNA corresponding to the C-terminal cysteine-rich domain of the human MUC2 apomucin, after the serine- and threonine-rich tandem repeat, was expressed in Chinese-hamster ovary-K1 cells and in the human colon carcinoma cell line, LS 174T. The C-terminus was expressed as a fusion protein with the green fluorescent protein ...
Sciandrello Giulia - - 2003
In order to assess the effects of combining two antimetabolites used separately to treat human leukemias, we carried out an experimental study by exposing V79 Chinese hamster cells, a 6-thioguanine (6-tG)-sensitive cell line, to sequential and concurrent treatments with 5-azacytidine (5-azaC) and 6-tG. In this paper, we demonstrate that there ...
da Silva e Mouta Sergio S - - 2003
Purification of recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen (recHBsAg) produced in a stable Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line was evaluated using Linx Affinity Purification System (Invitrogen, USA). To purify HBsAg secreted by this cell line, a murine monoclonal antibody (MAbAH1) raised against native HBsAg was used. The purified AH1MAb was ...
Chang Kwang Ning - - 2003
In this study, we report the identification of two arsenic-binding proteins from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The crude extract derived from CHO and SA7 (arsenic-resistant CHO cells) was applied to a phenylarsine oxide-agarose affinity column, and after extensive washing, the absorbed proteins were eluted with buffers containing 20 mM ...
Griffin Michael T - - 2003
We compared the binding properties of selective muscarinic antagonists with their potencies for antagonizing muscarinic responses in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing M(2) and M(3) muscarinic receptors in combination and in isolation. When measured by the competitive displacement of [3H]N-methylscopolamine binding to CHO cells expressing both M(2) and M(3) ...
Fiszman, Gabriel León
The microencapsulation of recombinant cells, widely used for in vitro high-density cell culture, is a novel and potentially cost-effective method of in vivo heterologous protein delivery, where the protein producing cells are immunologically protected from tissue rejection. We report here a simple, reliable and inexpensive laboratory method to generate calcium ...
Huang Yuang - - 2003
Since Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells never express urate oxidase (UO), we tried to establish cell lines stably producing UO in order to elucidate the peroxisomal import process. The enzyme is a peroxisome targeting signal 1 (PTS1) protein harboring SKL motif at the carboxy-terminus [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 158 (1989) ...
Ohshima Susumu - - 2003
Nickel compounds are known to be carcinogenic to humans and show genotoxicity, including the ability to induce chromosome aberrations and neoplastic transformation in vitro. The mutagenicity of nickel compounds is, however, equivocal and the mechanisms of carcinogenesis are still not clear. In this study, the possibility that nickel compounds induce ...
Morais Vanessa A - - 2003
Human alpha3/4fucosyltransferase (FT3) catalyses the synthesis of fucosylated glycoconjugates involved in cell-cell interactions. FT3 has two potential N-glycosylation sites at Asn(154) and Asn(185). Soluble secretory forms of the enzyme (SFT3) and mutant forms with the first, second and both glycosylation sites (SFT3DN1, SFT3DN2, SFT3DN) mutated have been expressed in baby ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >