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Results 201 - 250 of 1502
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Xiaoling Fan
A new species of the genus Coladenia, C. neomaeniata is described and illustrated from Weixi County, Yunnan Province, China. The new species is closely allied to C. maeniata Oberthür, but can be distinguished from the latter in the hindwing in which the spot in space Sc+R1 sharply shifted outwardly and ...
Kwon Ryuk-Jun - - 2006
A randomized library that encodes for artificial zinc finger protein transcription factors (ZFP-TF) was constructed and screened for components that increased production of a monoclonal antibody (mAb-72) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. One of these ZFP-TF, LK52, increased mAb-72 production approximately 10-fold at approximately 60% transduction efficiency; a mutated ...
Zhang Lijuan - - 2006
Most glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-defective mutants have been isolated and characterized from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Wild-type and GAG-defective CHO cells have been used by several hundreds of laboratories to study how altering the GAG structure of proteoglycans affects fundamental properties of cells, such as bacterial/viral infection, signaling, protein degradation, and ...
Zdzienicka Malgorzata Z - - 2006
Mutant rodent cell lines hypersensitive to DNA-damaging agents have provided a useful tool for the characterization of DNA repair pathways and have contributed to a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the cellular responses to mutagenic treatment. Here we present a detailed description of how to isolate mutagen-sensitive mutants ...
Nadanaka Satomi - - 2006
Mammalian transcription factor ATF6 is constitutively synthesized as a type II transmembrane protein embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). It is activated when unfolded proteins are accumulated in the ER under ER stress through a process called regulated intramembrane proteolysis (Rip), in which ATF6 is transported from the ER to ...
Bacsi Attila - - 2006
Colostrinin (CLN), a uniform mixture of low-molecular weight, proline-rich polypeptides, induces neurite outgrowth of pheochromocytoma cells, extends the lifespan of diploid fibroblast cells, inhibits beta amyloid-induced apoptosis and resulted in improved cognitive function when administered to Alzheimer's patients. Here we investigated CLN's antimutagenic activity in cells stressed oxidatively or exposed ...
Maeda Yusuke - - 2006
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is used for anchoring many cell surface proteins to the plasma membrane. Biosynthesis of GPI anchor, its attachment to proteins, and modification of GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) en route to the plasma membrane are complex processes (Ferguson, 1999; Kinoshita and Inoue, 2000). GPI-AP-defective mutant cell lines derived from CHO ...
Poulose Shibu M - - 2006
Limonoids, a family of triterpenoids with putative anticancer properties, occur in fruits as glucosides and aglycones. Both highly purified forms were isolated from seeds and molasses of citrus fruits and tested for toxic effects against two human cancer cell lines, SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma and Caco-2 colonic adenocarcinoma, and a noncancerous mammalian ...
Nordström Therése - - 2006
Moraxella catarrhalis immunoglobulin D (IgD)-binding protein (MID) is an outer membrane protein with specific affinity for soluble and cell-bound human IgD. Here, we demonstrate that mutated M. catarrhalis strains devoid of MID show a 75% decreased activation of human B cells as compared with wild-type bacteria. In contrast to MID-expressing ...
Bose Girigoswami Koyeli - - 2005
Chinese hamster V79 cells were conditioned by repeated treatment with low doses of hydrogen peroxide. After this treatment, the conditioned cells were compared to parental V79 cells with regard to different endpoints. It was found that, compared to parental cells, the conditioned cells tolerated low serum concentrations better, they suffered ...
Paul L. Redfearn Jr.
Orthothecium hyalopiliferum is morphologically distinct at the species level from O. intricatum on the basis of its silky soft appearance, the presence of very narrow lanceolate leaves with a leaf tip to leaf base ratio of 1:2 or less; and piliferous leaf tips that end in 3–6 single cells. Orthothecium ...
Jiang Qiang Q Cancer Institute, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China. - - 2005
To prepare microencapsulated cells releasing human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), and investigate their biological characteristics in vitro. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were stably transfected with a human TIMP-2 expression vector, encapsulated in barium alginate microcapsules and cultured in vitro. Morphological appearance of the microcapsules was observed under a ...
Ross Carley D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A sensitive mammalian cell mutation assay was developed previously using a Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CHO A(L)) that stably incorporates human chromosome 11. The assay measures mutations in the CD59 gene on chromosome 11 but it requires the use of rabbit complement and colony growth for mutant selection. ...
Waern Jenny B - - 2005
The intracellular distribution of transition metals in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells treated with subtoxic doses of the organometallic anticancer complexes Cp(2)MCl(2), where Cp is eta (5) -cyclopentadienyl and M is Mo, Nb, Ti, or V, has been studied by synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence (XRF). While significantly higher concentrations of Mo ...
Nagasawa H - - 2005
The bystander effect for sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) and chromosomal aberrations was examined in hamster cell lines deficient in either DNA-PKcs (V3 cells, deficient in nonhomologous end joining, NHEJ) or RAD51C (irs3 cells, deficient in homologous recombination, HR). Cells synchronized in G0/G1 phase were irradiated with very low fluences of ...
Gadre, R.V.
High cell density cultivation (HCDC) of Rhodotorula glutinis Mutant 32 for the Production of B-Carotene
Iida Koji - - 2005
The electromotility of outer hair cells (OHCs) is believed to be a major factor in cochlear amplification that enables the high sensitivity of hearing in mammals. This motility is thought to be based on voltage-dependent conformational changes of a motor protein embedded in the lateral wall of the OHC. In ...
Shelby J Patrick - - 2005
This paper characterizes cell viability in three different cell lines--Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO), neuroblastoma cells fused with glialoma cells (NG108-15) and murine embryonic stem cells (ES-D3)--after N2 laser disruption of the cell membrane and removal, via optical trapping, of a single subcellular organelle. Morphological changes and viability (as determined ...
Okada Takashi - - 2005
In yeast, Rev1, Rev3, and Rev7 are involved in translesion synthesis over various kinds of DNA damage and spontaneous and UV-induced mutagenesis. Here, we disrupted Rev1, Rev3, and Rev7 in the chicken B-lymphocyte line DT40. REV1-/- REV3-/- REV7-/- cells showed spontaneous cell death, chromosomal instability/fragility, and hypersensitivity to various genotoxic ...
Fox Stephen R - - 2005
Culturing CHO (Chinese-hamster ovary) cells at low temperature leads to growth arrest in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle and, in many cases, causes an increase in the specific productivity of recombinant protein. Controlled proliferation is often used to increase CHO specific productivity, and thus there is speculation that ...
Lin Yunfu - - 2005
CAG.CTG repeat expansions cause more than a dozen neurodegenerative diseases in humans. To define the mechanism of repeat instability in mammalian cells we developed a selectable assay to detect expansions of CAG.CTG triplet repeats in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. We showed previously that long tracts of CAG.CTG repeats, embedded ...
Takanami Takako - - 2005
The contribution of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that substitute amino acids in the X-ray repair cross-complementing gene 1 (XRCC1) protein, Arg194Trp (R194W), Arg280His (R280H), and Arg399Gln (R399Q), to the risk of various types of cancers has been extensively investigated by epidemiological researches. To investigate whether two of these polymorphisms ...
Gamper Nikita - - 2005
The line of epithelial-like Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was initiated by T.T. Puck in 1957. Since then, CHO cells have become a widely used mammalian expression system in industry and science. This paper discusses the different features of CHO cell physiology as well as the specific aspects of using ...
Thielemans Leen - - 2005
Tachyphylaxis may have contributed to the failure of the motilide ABT-229 [N-ethyl, N-methyl 4'' deoxy erythromycin (EM)-B enolether] in clinical trials. We compared the desensitizing potency of structurally related motilides [EM-A, EM-A enolether (ME4), N-ethyl, N-methyl EM-A (ME36), EM-B enolether (ME67), N-ethyl, N-methyl EM-A enolether (EM523), ABT-229 and 4'' deoxy ...
Wang Wen-Bin - - 2005
As a major physiological inhibitor of thrombin and other coagulation proteases, antithrombin (AT) plays an important role in the maintenance of normal hemostasis and its deficiency is associated with a predisposition for familial venous thromboembolic disease. Recently, we found a novel mutation (13387-9delG) in the antithrombin gene that is associated ...
Glatt Hansruedi - - 2005
We recently constructed a Chinese hamster V79-derived cell line that stably expresses human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2E1 and human sulphotransferase (SULT) 1A1. These enzymes are involved in the bioactivation of numerous promutagens/procarcinogens, but are not taken into account in standard in vitro mutagenicity assays. Various carbohydrate pyrolysis products and other ...
Liu Dailan - - 2005
The variant CHO-K1 cell line, NRel-4, is unable to synthesize plasmalogens because of a severe reduction in dihydroxyacetonephosphate acyltransferase (DHAPAT) activity (Nagan, N., A. K. Hajra, L. K. Larkins, P. Lazarow, P. E. Purdue, W. B. Rizzo, and R. A. Zoeller. 1998. Isolation of a Chinese hamster fibroblast variant defective ...
Bozsakyová E - - 2005
The aim was to investigate whether there are differences in the spontaneous and gamma-ray-induced genomic instability in peripheral blood lymphocytes between untreated cervical cancer patients and healthy women using the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) assay as an indicator of chromosomal instability. Lymphocyte cultures from whole venous blood of 10 patients ...
Hijazi Nuha - - 2005
Many lines of evidence suggest an interaction between glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and the PrP proteins as well as a possible role for GAGs in prion disease pathogenesis. In this work, we sought to determine whether the PrP-GAG interaction affects the incorporation of PrP(Sc) (the scrapie isoform of PrP) to normal cells. ...
Yi Huilan - - 2005
The effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) hydrates exposure on cell cycle, sister chromatid exchange (SCE), and micronuclei (MN) were investigated in barley (Hordeum vulgare) roots. A mixture of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite (1:3), at various concentrations from 1x10(-5) to 3x10(-2)M, was used for the treatments. The results showed that ...
Chou Chih-Fong - - 2005
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), a life-threatening disease, is caused by the newly identified virus SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). In order to study the spike (S) protein of this highly contagious virus, we established a clonal cell-line, CHO-SG, from the Chinese hamster ovary cells that stably expresses C-terminally EGFP-tagged SARS-CoV S ...
Hirano Seiki - - 2005
Some of the restarting events of stalled replication forks lead to sister chromatid exchange (SCE) as a result of homologous recombination (HR) repair with crossing over. The rate of SCE is elevated by the loss of BLM helicase or by a defect in translesion synthesis (TLS). We found that spontaneous ...
Zhou Fanfan - - 2005
We used a novel approach to evaluate how the addition/acquisition and processing/modification of N-linked oligosaccharides play a role in the functional maturation of human organic anion transporter hOAT4. Inhibition of acquisition of oligosaccharides in hOAT4 by mutating asparagine to glutamine and by tunicamycin treatment was combined with the expression of ...
Saleh-Gohari Nasrollah - - 2004
The BRCA2 tumour suppressor protein is involved in maintaining genetic stability through its role in homologous recombination (HR), where it mediates RAD51-dependent strand invasion. Here, we show that BRCA2-defective cells are not completely impaired in HR by strand invasion although the spontaneous HR rate is 10-fold lower than that in ...
Ropolo Monica - - 2004
Repair of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) is inefficient in human cells due to the poor catalytic properties of hOGG1, the major DNA glycosylase involved in the removal of this oxidized base. The S3 ribosomal/repair protein from Drosophila melanogaster (dS3) is endowed with a potent 8-oxoG glycolytic activity coupled with a beta, delta-AP ...
Coulombe Josée - - 2004
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is activated by divalent cations and might mediate some of the effects of strontium ranelate, a new drug for the prevention and treatment of post-menopausal osteoporosis. Here, we showed that the maximal effect of Sr(2+) was comparable to that observed for Ca(2+) for both the ...
Drexler Guido A - - 2004
The Chinese hamster cell mutant, CL-V4B that is mutated in the Rad51 paralog gene, Rad51C (RAD51L2), has been described to exhibit increased sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, genomic instability, and an impaired Rad51 foci formation in response to DNA damage. To directly examine an effect of the Rad51C protein on ...
Glösl Sigrid - - 2004
Melanoidins are formed during household cooking procedures and are part of our daily diet, but data on their toxicological potential are still scarce. Therefore, the mutagenic, cytotoxic and genotoxic activity of the water soluble total fraction (sol A), the water soluble high molecular weight fraction (HMW; Molecular weight>12,400 Da) and ...
Li Xiu-Min - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the potential use of the Chinese herbal formula MSSM-002 in treating asthma based on its effects on a murine model of allergic asthma, immunoregulatory actions on T(H)2 cells in vitro, and the means of standardization for herbal formula quality control. DATA SOURCES: Information presented at the 2002 ...
Wang Zhengrong - - 2004
A new insofar as chronobiologic therapeutic approach by atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) for hypertension and/or congestive heart failure (CHF) is based on the release of ANP from ANP cDNA transfected Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells encapsulated in polycaprolactone (PCL) tubes. ANP secretion was maintained for at least 6 months. The ...
Motta Salvatore - - 2004
In order to document cytogenetic damage associated with air pollution and, possibly, with health effects in the city of Catania, Sicily (Italy), we analyzed the induction of chromosomal aberrations by extractable agents from airborne particulate matter in a Chinese hamster epithelial liver (CHEL) cells. These cells retain their metabolic competence ...
Garcia del Barco, Diana
Erythropoietin is the main hormone involved in the process of erythroid differentiation. Human EPO is a highly glycosilated protein, and its natural source for purification is the urine of patients with severe aplastic anemia. Here we report on the secretion of biologically active rhEPO by Chinese hamster ovary cells. Erythropoietin ...
Fiszman, Gabriel León
The microencapsulation of recombinant cells, widely used for in vitro high-density cell culture, is a novel and potentially cost-effective method of in vivo heterologous protein delivery, where the protein producing cells are immunologically protected from tissue rejection. We report here a simple, reliable and inexpensive laboratory method to generate calcium ...
Duvet Sandrine - - 2004
Recent studies demonstrated that deglycosylation step is a prerequisite for endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation of misfolded glycoproteins. Here, we report the advantages of using benzyl mannose during pulse-chase experiments to study the subcellular location of the deglycosylation step in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines. Benzyl mannose inhibited both the ...
Lee Sung-Joon - - 2004
HL is synthesized in hepatocytes and functions while bound to heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) in sinusoidal endothelial cells. The HL-mediated uptake of lipoprotein requires cell-surface HSPG. The present study tested whether HL plays a role in the production of HSPG. The production of HSPG in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells ...
Onoda Fumitoshi - - 2004
SMC6 (RHC18) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is a homologue of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe rad18+ gene and essential for cell viability, encodes a structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) family protein. In contrast to the rest of the SMC family of proteins, Smc1-Smc4, which are the components of cohesin or condensin, little ...
Boyce Antony - - 2004
Resveratrol is a phytoalexin, that belongs to a family of naturally occurring stilbenes. It has been reported that resveratrol can inhibit chemical carcinogenesis in experimental animals and although the mechanisms involved are unknown, an anti-mutagen mechanism has been proposed. We have explored this hypothesis using mutagenicity assays based on bacterial ...
Duncan Michael B - - 2004
The role of heparan sulfate (HS) in regulating blood coagulation has a wide range of clinical implications. In this study, we investigated the role of 3-O-sulfotransferase isoform 5 (3-OST-5) in generating anticoagulant HS in vivo. A Chinese hamster ovary cell line (3OST5/CHO) stably expressing 3-OST-5 was generated. The expression of ...
Gardner Rachel - - 2004
Acrolein is a highly reactive hazardous air pollutant of human health concern, particularly as it is a component of cigarette smoke. It can be metabolized by enzymes including the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) family of enzymes. AKR7A1 is a member of the AKR7 sub-family and can catalyse the reduction of toxic ...
Sasaki M S - - 2004
DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICL) present a major threat to cell viability and genome integrity. In eukaryotic cells, the ICLs have been suggested to be repaired by a complex process involving Xpf/Ercc1-mediated endonucleolytic incision and homologous recombination (HR). However, the entire feature of the ICL tolerating mechanism is still poorly understood. ...
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