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Zhang H - - 2008
Cell-based gene therapy offers an alternative strategy for therapeutic angiogenesis for the management of myocardial infarction (MI). However, immune rejection poses a significant obstacle to the implantation of genetically engineered allogeneic or xenogeneic cells. In the present study, an ex vivo gene therapy approach utilizing cell microencapsulation was employed to ...
Zhang Luo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to look at the incidence of supraorbital ethmoid cells (SOEC) in normal Chinese subjects by using spiral computed tomography (CT) scanning. In addition, subjects with chronic rhinosinusitis with SOEC were reviewed for endoscopic analysis. METHODS: A total of 202 normal Chinese subjects underwent ...
Mottram Laurie F - - 2007
We report improved syntheses of the Pennsylvania Green and 4-carboxy-Pennsylvania Green fluorophores; the latter compound was prepared from methyl 4-iodo-3-methylbenzoate in a three-pot process (32% overall yield). Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase fusion proteins were treated with Pennsylvania Green and Oregon Green linked to O6-benzylguanine (SNAP-Tag substrates). Analysis ...
Shaaltiel Yoseph - - 2007
Gaucher's disease, a lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding glucocerebrosidase (GCD), is currently treated by enzyme replacement therapy using recombinant GCD (Cerezyme) expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. As complex glycans in mammalian cells do not terminate in mannose residues, which are essential for the ...
Chintalacharuvu Koteswara R - - 2007
Myeloma and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are frequently used for the production of recombinant antibodies. With increasing interest in producing recombinant IgA for protection against infectious agents, it is essential to characterize the IgA produced in these cells. Here we show that while myeloma cells secrete IgA2m(2) predominantly as ...
Carter Meghan M - - 2007
Experiments were performed to investigate the impact of didanosine (ddI), lamivudine (3TC), and stavudine (d4T) on cell survival and mutagenicity in two reporter genes, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) and thymidine kinase (TK), using a cell cloning assay for assessing the effects of individual nucleoside analogs (NRTIs)/drug combinations in human TK6 B-lymphoblastoid ...
Hong Willy W L - - 2007
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr)/methotrexate (MTX) gene amplification system are routinely used to generate stable producer CHO cell clones in biopharmaceutical industries. The present study proposes a novel method by the co-amplification of the silencing vector targeted to dhfr gene for improvements of selecting high-producing clones ...
Chalut Kevin J - - 2007
Optical spectroscopy was used to evaluate the transformation of nuclear morphology associated with intraepithelial neoplasia in an animal model of carcinogenesis. In this pilot study, we have assessed the capability of angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry (a/LCI) to monitor in situ the neoplastic progression of hamster trachea epithelial tissue. By using the ...
Pathak Rupak - - 2007
Chinese hamster V79 cell and a cell strain M5, derived from V79 cells and reported to be relatively resistant to gamma-ray, hydrogen peroxide, and N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG; a potent human carcinogen), were exposed to high LET (7)Li-beam (LET=60 keV/microm) at approximately 90% confluent state in the dose range of 0-1 Gy. ...
Carey Bryce W - - 2007
HLA (human leucocyte antigen)-A2 is an MHC Class I protein with primary functions in T-cell development and initi-ation of immune cell responses. MHC I proteins also play roles in intercellular adhesion, apoptosis, cell proliferation and neuronal plasticity. By utilizing a sequence comparison analysis, we recently identified HLA-A2 as a potential ...
Cuellar Karen - - 2007
Xylosyltransferase (XylT) catalyzes the initial enzymatic reaction in the glycosaminoglycan assembly pathway for proteoglycan biosynthesis. Its activity is thought to be rate-limiting. Two xylosyltransferases have been found using genomic analyses, and one of these, XylT1, has been shown to have xylosyltransferase activity. On the other hand, the less studied XylT2 ...
Lin Chih-Min - - 2007
The N-nitroso derivative of an extensively used insecticide, propoxur, consistently induced dose-responsive chromosome aberrations and sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-W8) cells. Further investigations indicated that post-treatment incubation with a regular 1.5-cell-cycle period did not offer an unbiased estimation of the genotoxicity of N-nitroso carbamate insecticides. The scale ...
Peretti Vincenzo - - 2006
Lymphocyte cell cultures from 30 Casertana pigs (13 males and 17 females), reared in southern Italy, underwent the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) test. The Casertana pig is an endangered native breed from the region of Campania, raised chiefly half-wild. In the 1500 cells we studied, the mean SCE was 6.32+/-2.92 ...
Doehmer Johannes - - 2006
This paper covers the presentation of an invited lecture - the FRAME Annual Lecture - given in London on 8 November 2006. Investigating the metabolism of chemicals in general, and of drugs and pollutants in particular, is of key importance to understanding pharmacological and toxicological effects. Over more than 15 ...
Bao Lingzhi - - 2007
Diesel exhaust particle (DEP) has been identified as a class 2A human carcinogen and closely related to the increased incidence of respiratory allergy, cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality, and risk of lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms of DEP mutagenicity/carcinogenicity are still largely unknown. In the present study, we focused on ...
Yoshimura Akari - - 2006
The WRNIP1 protein interacts with WRN, the product of the causative gene for Werner syndrome. Mutation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene MGS1, the yeast counterpart of WRNIP1, confers synthetic lethality with mutation of RAD18. To examine the functional relationship between WRNIP1 and Rad18 in higher eukaryotic cells, we generated WRNIP1-/-/-/RAD18-/- ...
Fujiki Yukio - - 2006
Cells with a genetic defect affecting a biological activity and/or a cell phenotype are generally called "cell mutants" and are a highly useful tool in genetic, biochemical, as well as cell biological research. To investigate peroxisome biogenesis and human peroxisome biogenesis disorders, more than a dozen complementation groups of Chinese ...
Pittet, Martine
<i>CWH8</i>/YGR036c of <i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</i> has been identified as a dolichylpyrophosphate (Dol-PP) phosphatase that removes a phosphate from the Dol-PP generated by the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST), while it adds <i>N</i>-glycans to nascent glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Lack of <i>CWH8</i> was proposed to interrupt the so called dolichol (Dol) cycle by ...
Shreffler, Donald C.
B6.C-H-2 ba [H (z1)] is a mutant derived from C57BL/6. The two strains mutually reject their skingrafts and are incompatible in the mixed leucocyte reaction (MLR) and in cell-mediated lympholysis (CML) assays. They are serologically indistinguishable.
Simpson Laura J LJ Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Division of Protein & Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, - - 2006
Ubiquitination of proliferating-cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) at K164 by RAD6/RAD18 has a key role in DNA damage tolerance in yeast. Here, we report on the first genetic study of this modification in a vertebrate cell. As in yeast, mutation of K164 of PCNA to arginine in the avian cell line ...
Hasinoff Brian B - - 2006
The cell growth and cell cycle inhibitory properties of the bacterial metabolites kinamycin A and kinamycin C were investigated in an attempt to determine their mechanism of action and to develop these or their analogs as anticancer agents. Both kinamycin A and kinamycin C have a highly unusual and potentially ...
Zheng K-C - - 2006
Succinyl acetone (SA) was initially identified in the urine of patients with tyrosinemia type I, an autosomally recessive inherited disease. SA has been used to downregulate the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) through its specific inhibition of heme biosynthesis and to investigate the biological properties of MPO in the human myeloid ...
Ryabchenko Nikolay I - - 2006
We analyzed spontaneous chromosome lesions in peripheral lymphocytes cultured from Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients before and after cytostatic chemotherapy. The mean aberration frequency was significantly higher in HL patients after chemotherapy (7.20+/-0.58 per 100 metaphases) than in non-treated HL patients (4.80+/-0.54), and in non-treated patients than in healthy subjects (2.12+/-0.13). ...
Maddaly R - - 2006
The nucleus of a mammalian cell undergoes profound reorganization when the cell enters mitosis and a number of proteins involved at various levels of the cell cycle have been characterized. The presence of mitotic-specific proteins has been reported and their roles are important in understanding the mechanics of cell division. ...
Li Dan D Department of Bioscience, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XW, United - - 2006
We have developed transgenic Chinese hamster V79 cell lines in order to examine the potential for a mouse aldo-keto reductase, AKR7A5, to protect against the toxicity of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and related toxic aldehydes. Stable expression of mouse AKR7A5 in V79 cells conferred four-fold increased resistance to 4-HNE cytotoxicity using the ...
Aardema Marilyn J - - 2006
In this report, results are presented from an international study of the in vitro micronucleus assay using Chinese hamster ovary cells. This study was coordinated by an organizing committee supported by the SFTG (the French branch of the European Environmental Mutagen Society). Test chemicals included mannitol, bleomycin, cytosine arabinoside, urethane ...
Baker Kenneth M - - 2006
We recently reported intracrine effects of angiotensin II (ANG II) on cardiac myocyte growth and hypertrophy that were not inhibited by the ANG II type 1 receptor (AT(1)) antagonist, losartan. To further determine the role of AT(1) in intracrine effects, we studied the effect of intracellular ANG II (iANG II) ...
Meng Quanxin - - 2007
The carcinogenicity of 1,3-butadiene (BD) is related to its bioactivation to several DNA-reactive metabolites; accumulating evidence suggests that the stereochemistry of these BD intermediates may play a significant role in the mutagenic and carcinogenic actions of the parent compound. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and ...
Tigges Marcel - - 2006
A variety of successful transcription and translation engineering strategies implemented during the past decade have driven the specific productivity of mammalian cells to an apparent limit. Restricted post-translation competence has since been considered the major bottleneck preventing mammalian cells from fully exploiting their physiologic production capacity in a biopharmaceutical manufacturing ...
Kligerman A D - - 2007
1,3-Butadiene (BTD) is an important commodity chemical and air pollutant that has been shown to be a potent carcinogen in mice, and to a lesser extent, a carcinogen in rats. To better assess butadiene's carcinogenic risk to humans, it is important to understand its mode of action and how this ...
Chen Yaoyu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The di-leucine motif exists in the intracellular domains of certain cell surface receptors, participating in the receptor-mediated endocytosis. The present study was aimed at determining the role of the di-leucine motif in class A scavenger receptor (SR-A)-mediated ligand endocytosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: cDNA coding for a mutant (SR-A mutant ...
Campbell Kate S - - 2006
The cytotoxic effects of molybdocene dichloride (Cp(2)MoCl(2)) were investigated in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells using the micronucleus assay. Cp(2)MoCl(2) produced significant genotoxic damage whereby 0.2micronuclei/1000 binucleated cells were induced per muM of Cp(2)MoCl(2). Transmission electron microscopic analysis of thin-sectioned cells treated with Cp(2)MoCl(2) (300microM) showed distinct morphological alterations of ...
Ebe Youji - - 2006
We recently developed a novel system for lectin microarray based on the evanescent-field fluorescence-detection principle, by which even weak lectin-oligosaccharide interactions are detectable without a washing procedure. For its practical application, cell glycan analysis was performed for Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and their glycan profile was compared with those ...
Behnam Joseph T - - 2006
Failure to detoxify the intermediary metabolite glyoxylate in human hepatocytes underlies the metabolic pathology of two potentially lethal hereditary calcium oxalate kidney stone diseases, PH (primary hyperoxaluria) types 1 and 2. In order to define more clearly the roles of enzymes involved in the metabolism of glyoxylate, we have established ...
Armakolas Athanasios - - 2006
After chromosome replication, sister chromatid copies are generally thought to segregate randomly to daughter cells. However, sister chromatids differ in their DNA strands, with each chromatid inheriting one older strand that is paired to a newly synthesized strand. Genetic analysis with a homologous chromosome pair indicated nonrandom chromatid distribution in ...
Han Jing-Fen - - 2006
Paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridylium dichloride) is a widely used herbicide and is highly toxic to human and animals. The mechanisms of paraquat toxicity involve the generation of superoxide anion through the process of redox cycling. NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR) has been reported to be a major enzyme for one-electron reduction of paraquat ...
Khanna Sanjay - - 2006
Uptake of fluorescein isothiocynate-dextran (FITC-dextran) by Chinese hamster ovary cells was studied after exposure to ultrasonic standing wave (USW) in presence of Optison, an ultrasound contrast agent. Confluent Chinese hamster ovary cells were harvested and suspended in phosphate-buffered saline + 0.1% bovine serum albumin containing FITC-dextran (10, 40, and 500 ...
Taiko Oda
Abstract: Bioassay-guided isolation from the ethanol extract of a marine sponge Theonella sp. collected in Palau yielded bistheonellide A, which strongly inhibited the colony formation of Chinese hamster V79 cells (EC50 = 6.8 nM). Bistheonellide A is an actinpolymerization inhibitor and was suggested to control cytokine production. Therefore, we attempted ...
Xiaoling Fan
A new species of the genus Coladenia, C. neomaeniata is described and illustrated from Weixi County, Yunnan Province, China. The new species is closely allied to C. maeniata Oberthür, but can be distinguished from the latter in the hindwing in which the spot in space Sc+R1 sharply shifted outwardly and ...
Kwon Ryuk-Jun - - 2006
A randomized library that encodes for artificial zinc finger protein transcription factors (ZFP-TF) was constructed and screened for components that increased production of a monoclonal antibody (mAb-72) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. One of these ZFP-TF, LK52, increased mAb-72 production approximately 10-fold at approximately 60% transduction efficiency; a mutated ...
Zhang Lijuan - - 2006
Most glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-defective mutants have been isolated and characterized from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Wild-type and GAG-defective CHO cells have been used by several hundreds of laboratories to study how altering the GAG structure of proteoglycans affects fundamental properties of cells, such as bacterial/viral infection, signaling, protein degradation, and ...
Zdzienicka Malgorzata Z - - 2006
Mutant rodent cell lines hypersensitive to DNA-damaging agents have provided a useful tool for the characterization of DNA repair pathways and have contributed to a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the cellular responses to mutagenic treatment. Here we present a detailed description of how to isolate mutagen-sensitive mutants ...
Nadanaka Satomi - - 2006
Mammalian transcription factor ATF6 is constitutively synthesized as a type II transmembrane protein embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). It is activated when unfolded proteins are accumulated in the ER under ER stress through a process called regulated intramembrane proteolysis (Rip), in which ATF6 is transported from the ER to ...
Bacsi Attila - - 2006
Colostrinin (CLN), a uniform mixture of low-molecular weight, proline-rich polypeptides, induces neurite outgrowth of pheochromocytoma cells, extends the lifespan of diploid fibroblast cells, inhibits beta amyloid-induced apoptosis and resulted in improved cognitive function when administered to Alzheimer's patients. Here we investigated CLN's antimutagenic activity in cells stressed oxidatively or exposed ...
Maeda Yusuke - - 2006
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is used for anchoring many cell surface proteins to the plasma membrane. Biosynthesis of GPI anchor, its attachment to proteins, and modification of GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) en route to the plasma membrane are complex processes (Ferguson, 1999; Kinoshita and Inoue, 2000). GPI-AP-defective mutant cell lines derived from CHO ...
Poulose Shibu M - - 2006
Limonoids, a family of triterpenoids with putative anticancer properties, occur in fruits as glucosides and aglycones. Both highly purified forms were isolated from seeds and molasses of citrus fruits and tested for toxic effects against two human cancer cell lines, SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma and Caco-2 colonic adenocarcinoma, and a noncancerous mammalian ...
Nordström Therése - - 2006
Moraxella catarrhalis immunoglobulin D (IgD)-binding protein (MID) is an outer membrane protein with specific affinity for soluble and cell-bound human IgD. Here, we demonstrate that mutated M. catarrhalis strains devoid of MID show a 75% decreased activation of human B cells as compared with wild-type bacteria. In contrast to MID-expressing ...
Bose Girigoswami Koyeli - - 2005
Chinese hamster V79 cells were conditioned by repeated treatment with low doses of hydrogen peroxide. After this treatment, the conditioned cells were compared to parental V79 cells with regard to different endpoints. It was found that, compared to parental cells, the conditioned cells tolerated low serum concentrations better, they suffered ...
Paul L. Redfearn Jr.
Orthothecium hyalopiliferum is morphologically distinct at the species level from O. intricatum on the basis of its silky soft appearance, the presence of very narrow lanceolate leaves with a leaf tip to leaf base ratio of 1:2 or less; and piliferous leaf tips that end in 3–6 single cells. Orthothecium ...
Jiang Qiang Q Cancer Institute, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China. - - 2005
To prepare microencapsulated cells releasing human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), and investigate their biological characteristics in vitro. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were stably transfected with a human TIMP-2 expression vector, encapsulated in barium alginate microcapsules and cultured in vitro. Morphological appearance of the microcapsules was observed under a ...
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