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Mohan Chaya - - 2008
Recombinant glycoprotein therapeutics have proven to be invaluable pharmaceuticals for the treatment of various diseases. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are widely used in industry for the production of these proteins. Several strategies for engineering CHO cells for improved protein production have been tried with considerable results. The focus has ...
Yee Joon Chong - - 2008
Sodium butyrate has been known to increase the specific productivity of recombinant proteins in mammalian cells. In quest of physiological mechanisms leading to the increased productivity, DNA microarray and two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) were used to assess the response of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and a mouse hybridoma cell ...
Becker Eric - - 2008
The optimization of production processes for therapeutic antibodies is a continuing challenge in pharmaceutical biotechnology. Although it could be demonstrated that vector design and host cell engineering can improve transcriptional and translational efficiency and thereby result in generation of high producer cell lines, it is not clear whether introduction of ...
Jantová S - - 2008
The number of biomaterials used in biomedical applications has rapidly increased in the past two decades. Fluorapatite (FA) is one of the inorganic constituents of bone or teeth used for hard-tissue repairs and replacements. Fluor-hydroxyapatite (FHA) is a new synthetically prepared composite that in its structure contains the same molecular ...
Vu Dung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Congenital afibrinogenemia is characterized by the absence of fibrinogen, a hexamer composed of two copies of three polypeptides, Aalpha. Bbeta and gamma. The disease is caused by mutations in one of the three fibrinogen-encoding genes, FGA, FGB and FGG. Among these, several mutations have been reported to specifically impair ...
Nagasawa Hatsumi - - 2008
We reported previously that the homologous recombinational repair (HRR)-deficient Chinese hamster mutant cell line irs3 (deficient in the Rad51 paralog Rad51C) showed only a 50% spontaneous frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) as compared to parental wild-type V79 cells. Furthermore, when irradiated with very low doses of alpha particles, SCEs ...
Han Demin - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of frontal-ethmoidal cells and to evaluate variation in the superior attachment of the uncinate process in Chinese subjects. 202 normal Chinese subjects (404 sides) underwent spiral computed tomography and multiplanar reconstruction images were evaluated. Agger nasi cells showed a prevalence ...
Iordan A - - 2008
Results on the rheological behavior of Chinese hamster ovary cell suspensions in a large range of concentrations are reported. The concentration-dependent yield stress and elastic plateau modulus are formalized in the context of fractal aggregates under shear, and quite different exponents are found as compared to the case of red ...
Yin Huabing - - 2008
In this paper, we compare a quantitative cell-based assay measuring the intracellular Ca2+ response to the agonist uridine 5'-triphosphate in Chinese hamster ovary cells, in both microfluidic and microtiter formats. The study demonstrates that, under appropriate hydrodynamic conditions, there is an excellent agreement between traditional well-plate assays and those obtained ...
Fujiwara Masashi - - 2007
The effect of static pressure on the intracellular pH of the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line DR1000L4N was investigated. In cultivation of CHO cells at 0.9 MPa, two distinct populations were observed in the histogram of a flow cytometer, while single population was observed in cultivation at 0.1 MPa. ...
Otsuki Makoto - - 2008
RECQL1 and RECQL5 as well as BLM reportedly interact with TOP3alpha whose defect is lethal for the cell. Therefore in this study, we characterized recql5/recql1/blm triple mutants from DT40 cells to determine whether the triple mutants show a top3alpha disrupted cell-like phenotype. The triple mutants are viable. Moreover, both blm/recql1 ...
Zhang H - - 2008
Cell-based gene therapy offers an alternative strategy for therapeutic angiogenesis for the management of myocardial infarction (MI). However, immune rejection poses a significant obstacle to the implantation of genetically engineered allogeneic or xenogeneic cells. In the present study, an ex vivo gene therapy approach utilizing cell microencapsulation was employed to ...
Zhang Luo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to look at the incidence of supraorbital ethmoid cells (SOEC) in normal Chinese subjects by using spiral computed tomography (CT) scanning. In addition, subjects with chronic rhinosinusitis with SOEC were reviewed for endoscopic analysis. METHODS: A total of 202 normal Chinese subjects underwent ...
Mottram Laurie F - - 2007
We report improved syntheses of the Pennsylvania Green and 4-carboxy-Pennsylvania Green fluorophores; the latter compound was prepared from methyl 4-iodo-3-methylbenzoate in a three-pot process (32% overall yield). Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase fusion proteins were treated with Pennsylvania Green and Oregon Green linked to O6-benzylguanine (SNAP-Tag substrates). Analysis ...
Shaaltiel Yoseph - - 2007
Gaucher's disease, a lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding glucocerebrosidase (GCD), is currently treated by enzyme replacement therapy using recombinant GCD (Cerezyme) expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. As complex glycans in mammalian cells do not terminate in mannose residues, which are essential for the ...
Chintalacharuvu Koteswara R - - 2007
Myeloma and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are frequently used for the production of recombinant antibodies. With increasing interest in producing recombinant IgA for protection against infectious agents, it is essential to characterize the IgA produced in these cells. Here we show that while myeloma cells secrete IgA2m(2) predominantly as ...
Carter Meghan M - - 2007
Experiments were performed to investigate the impact of didanosine (ddI), lamivudine (3TC), and stavudine (d4T) on cell survival and mutagenicity in two reporter genes, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) and thymidine kinase (TK), using a cell cloning assay for assessing the effects of individual nucleoside analogs (NRTIs)/drug combinations in human TK6 B-lymphoblastoid ...
Hong Willy W L - - 2007
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr)/methotrexate (MTX) gene amplification system are routinely used to generate stable producer CHO cell clones in biopharmaceutical industries. The present study proposes a novel method by the co-amplification of the silencing vector targeted to dhfr gene for improvements of selecting high-producing clones ...
Chalut Kevin J - - 2007
Optical spectroscopy was used to evaluate the transformation of nuclear morphology associated with intraepithelial neoplasia in an animal model of carcinogenesis. In this pilot study, we have assessed the capability of angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry (a/LCI) to monitor in situ the neoplastic progression of hamster trachea epithelial tissue. By using the ...
Pathak Rupak - - 2007
Chinese hamster V79 cell and a cell strain M5, derived from V79 cells and reported to be relatively resistant to gamma-ray, hydrogen peroxide, and N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG; a potent human carcinogen), were exposed to high LET (7)Li-beam (LET=60 keV/microm) at approximately 90% confluent state in the dose range of 0-1 Gy. ...
Carey Bryce W - - 2007
HLA (human leucocyte antigen)-A2 is an MHC Class I protein with primary functions in T-cell development and initi-ation of immune cell responses. MHC I proteins also play roles in intercellular adhesion, apoptosis, cell proliferation and neuronal plasticity. By utilizing a sequence comparison analysis, we recently identified HLA-A2 as a potential ...
Cuellar Karen - - 2007
Xylosyltransferase (XylT) catalyzes the initial enzymatic reaction in the glycosaminoglycan assembly pathway for proteoglycan biosynthesis. Its activity is thought to be rate-limiting. Two xylosyltransferases have been found using genomic analyses, and one of these, XylT1, has been shown to have xylosyltransferase activity. On the other hand, the less studied XylT2 ...
Lin Chih-Min - - 2007
The N-nitroso derivative of an extensively used insecticide, propoxur, consistently induced dose-responsive chromosome aberrations and sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-W8) cells. Further investigations indicated that post-treatment incubation with a regular 1.5-cell-cycle period did not offer an unbiased estimation of the genotoxicity of N-nitroso carbamate insecticides. The scale ...
Peretti Vincenzo - - 2006
Lymphocyte cell cultures from 30 Casertana pigs (13 males and 17 females), reared in southern Italy, underwent the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) test. The Casertana pig is an endangered native breed from the region of Campania, raised chiefly half-wild. In the 1500 cells we studied, the mean SCE was 6.32+/-2.92 ...
Doehmer Johannes - - 2006
This paper covers the presentation of an invited lecture - the FRAME Annual Lecture - given in London on 8 November 2006. Investigating the metabolism of chemicals in general, and of drugs and pollutants in particular, is of key importance to understanding pharmacological and toxicological effects. Over more than 15 ...
Bao Lingzhi - - 2007
Diesel exhaust particle (DEP) has been identified as a class 2A human carcinogen and closely related to the increased incidence of respiratory allergy, cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality, and risk of lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms of DEP mutagenicity/carcinogenicity are still largely unknown. In the present study, we focused on ...
Yoshimura Akari - - 2006
The WRNIP1 protein interacts with WRN, the product of the causative gene for Werner syndrome. Mutation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene MGS1, the yeast counterpart of WRNIP1, confers synthetic lethality with mutation of RAD18. To examine the functional relationship between WRNIP1 and Rad18 in higher eukaryotic cells, we generated WRNIP1-/-/-/RAD18-/- ...
Fujiki Yukio - - 2006
Cells with a genetic defect affecting a biological activity and/or a cell phenotype are generally called "cell mutants" and are a highly useful tool in genetic, biochemical, as well as cell biological research. To investigate peroxisome biogenesis and human peroxisome biogenesis disorders, more than a dozen complementation groups of Chinese ...
Pittet, Martine
<i>CWH8</i>/YGR036c of <i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</i> has been identified as a dolichylpyrophosphate (Dol-PP) phosphatase that removes a phosphate from the Dol-PP generated by the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST), while it adds <i>N</i>-glycans to nascent glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Lack of <i>CWH8</i> was proposed to interrupt the so called dolichol (Dol) cycle by ...
Shreffler, Donald C.
B6.C-H-2 ba [H (z1)] is a mutant derived from C57BL/6. The two strains mutually reject their skingrafts and are incompatible in the mixed leucocyte reaction (MLR) and in cell-mediated lympholysis (CML) assays. They are serologically indistinguishable.
Simpson Laura J LJ Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Division of Protein & Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, - - 2006
Ubiquitination of proliferating-cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) at K164 by RAD6/RAD18 has a key role in DNA damage tolerance in yeast. Here, we report on the first genetic study of this modification in a vertebrate cell. As in yeast, mutation of K164 of PCNA to arginine in the avian cell line ...
Hasinoff Brian B - - 2006
The cell growth and cell cycle inhibitory properties of the bacterial metabolites kinamycin A and kinamycin C were investigated in an attempt to determine their mechanism of action and to develop these or their analogs as anticancer agents. Both kinamycin A and kinamycin C have a highly unusual and potentially ...
Zheng K-C - - 2006
Succinyl acetone (SA) was initially identified in the urine of patients with tyrosinemia type I, an autosomally recessive inherited disease. SA has been used to downregulate the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) through its specific inhibition of heme biosynthesis and to investigate the biological properties of MPO in the human myeloid ...
Ryabchenko Nikolay I - - 2006
We analyzed spontaneous chromosome lesions in peripheral lymphocytes cultured from Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients before and after cytostatic chemotherapy. The mean aberration frequency was significantly higher in HL patients after chemotherapy (7.20+/-0.58 per 100 metaphases) than in non-treated HL patients (4.80+/-0.54), and in non-treated patients than in healthy subjects (2.12+/-0.13). ...
Maddaly R - - 2006
The nucleus of a mammalian cell undergoes profound reorganization when the cell enters mitosis and a number of proteins involved at various levels of the cell cycle have been characterized. The presence of mitotic-specific proteins has been reported and their roles are important in understanding the mechanics of cell division. ...
Li Dan D Department of Bioscience, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XW, United - - 2006
We have developed transgenic Chinese hamster V79 cell lines in order to examine the potential for a mouse aldo-keto reductase, AKR7A5, to protect against the toxicity of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and related toxic aldehydes. Stable expression of mouse AKR7A5 in V79 cells conferred four-fold increased resistance to 4-HNE cytotoxicity using the ...
Aardema Marilyn J - - 2006
In this report, results are presented from an international study of the in vitro micronucleus assay using Chinese hamster ovary cells. This study was coordinated by an organizing committee supported by the SFTG (the French branch of the European Environmental Mutagen Society). Test chemicals included mannitol, bleomycin, cytosine arabinoside, urethane ...
Baker Kenneth M - - 2006
We recently reported intracrine effects of angiotensin II (ANG II) on cardiac myocyte growth and hypertrophy that were not inhibited by the ANG II type 1 receptor (AT(1)) antagonist, losartan. To further determine the role of AT(1) in intracrine effects, we studied the effect of intracellular ANG II (iANG II) ...
Meng Quanxin - - 2007
The carcinogenicity of 1,3-butadiene (BD) is related to its bioactivation to several DNA-reactive metabolites; accumulating evidence suggests that the stereochemistry of these BD intermediates may play a significant role in the mutagenic and carcinogenic actions of the parent compound. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and ...
Tigges Marcel - - 2006
A variety of successful transcription and translation engineering strategies implemented during the past decade have driven the specific productivity of mammalian cells to an apparent limit. Restricted post-translation competence has since been considered the major bottleneck preventing mammalian cells from fully exploiting their physiologic production capacity in a biopharmaceutical manufacturing ...
Kligerman A D - - 2007
1,3-Butadiene (BTD) is an important commodity chemical and air pollutant that has been shown to be a potent carcinogen in mice, and to a lesser extent, a carcinogen in rats. To better assess butadiene's carcinogenic risk to humans, it is important to understand its mode of action and how this ...
Chen Yaoyu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The di-leucine motif exists in the intracellular domains of certain cell surface receptors, participating in the receptor-mediated endocytosis. The present study was aimed at determining the role of the di-leucine motif in class A scavenger receptor (SR-A)-mediated ligand endocytosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: cDNA coding for a mutant (SR-A mutant ...
Campbell Kate S - - 2006
The cytotoxic effects of molybdocene dichloride (Cp(2)MoCl(2)) were investigated in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells using the micronucleus assay. Cp(2)MoCl(2) produced significant genotoxic damage whereby 0.2micronuclei/1000 binucleated cells were induced per muM of Cp(2)MoCl(2). Transmission electron microscopic analysis of thin-sectioned cells treated with Cp(2)MoCl(2) (300microM) showed distinct morphological alterations of ...
Ebe Youji - - 2006
We recently developed a novel system for lectin microarray based on the evanescent-field fluorescence-detection principle, by which even weak lectin-oligosaccharide interactions are detectable without a washing procedure. For its practical application, cell glycan analysis was performed for Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and their glycan profile was compared with those ...
Behnam Joseph T - - 2006
Failure to detoxify the intermediary metabolite glyoxylate in human hepatocytes underlies the metabolic pathology of two potentially lethal hereditary calcium oxalate kidney stone diseases, PH (primary hyperoxaluria) types 1 and 2. In order to define more clearly the roles of enzymes involved in the metabolism of glyoxylate, we have established ...
Armakolas Athanasios - - 2006
After chromosome replication, sister chromatid copies are generally thought to segregate randomly to daughter cells. However, sister chromatids differ in their DNA strands, with each chromatid inheriting one older strand that is paired to a newly synthesized strand. Genetic analysis with a homologous chromosome pair indicated nonrandom chromatid distribution in ...
Han Jing-Fen - - 2006
Paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridylium dichloride) is a widely used herbicide and is highly toxic to human and animals. The mechanisms of paraquat toxicity involve the generation of superoxide anion through the process of redox cycling. NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR) has been reported to be a major enzyme for one-electron reduction of paraquat ...
Khanna Sanjay - - 2006
Uptake of fluorescein isothiocynate-dextran (FITC-dextran) by Chinese hamster ovary cells was studied after exposure to ultrasonic standing wave (USW) in presence of Optison, an ultrasound contrast agent. Confluent Chinese hamster ovary cells were harvested and suspended in phosphate-buffered saline + 0.1% bovine serum albumin containing FITC-dextran (10, 40, and 500 ...
Taiko Oda
Abstract: Bioassay-guided isolation from the ethanol extract of a marine sponge Theonella sp. collected in Palau yielded bistheonellide A, which strongly inhibited the colony formation of Chinese hamster V79 cells (EC50 = 6.8 nM). Bistheonellide A is an actinpolymerization inhibitor and was suggested to control cytokine production. Therefore, we attempted ...
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