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Bezerra Daniel P - - 2009
Piplartine {5,6-dihydro-1-[(2E)-1-oxo-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-yl]-2(1H)-pyridinone} is an alkamide present in Piper species that exhibits promising anticancer properties. It was previously shown that piplartine is mutagenic in yeast and cultured mammalian cells. This study was performed to increase the knowledge on the mutagenic potential of piplartine using the Salmonella/microsome assay, V79 cell micronucleus and ...
Damiani Renata - - 2009
A CHO cell line, previously genetically modified by the introduction of rat alpha2,6-sialyltransferase cDNA, generated for the first time a human-like sialylated recombinant hTSH (hlsr-hTSH) more similar to the native hormone, with 61% of alpha2,3- and 39% of alpha2,6-linked sialic acid residues. The best clone, when submitted to gene amplification ...
Vuletic Simona - - 2009
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), one of the key lipid transfer proteins in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid, is nearly ubiquitously expressed in cells and tissues. Functions of secreted PLTP have been extensively studied. However, very little is known about potential intracellular PLTP functions. In the current study, we provide evidence for ...
Pons Laurent - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Oleosin is a plant protein localized to lipid droplets and endoplasmic reticulum of plant cells. Our idea was to use it to target functional secretory proteins of interest to the cytosolic side of the endoplasmic reticulum of mammalian cells, through expressing oleosin-containing chimeras. We have designed this approach to ...
Sultan Serageldeen - - 2009
BACKGROUNDS: The aim of this study was to confirm the propagation of various canine distemper viruses (CDV) in hamster cell lines of HmLu and BHK, since only a little is known about the possibility of propagation of CDV in rodent cells irrespective of their epidemiological importance. METHODS: The growth of ...
Shen Li-Ru - - 2009
Two new mexicanolide-type limonoids, named xylomexicanin A (1) and xylomexicanin B (2), were isolated from seeds of the Chinese mangrove Xylocarpus granatum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods. Compound 1 exhibited antiproliferative activity against human breast carcinoma cells (KT), while 2 did not show inhibitory effects ...
Jeong Yeon Tae - - 2008
Sialylation, the attachment of sialic acid residues to a protein, can affect the biological activity and in vivo circulatory half-life of glycoproteins. Human alpha2,3- sialyltransferase (alpha2,3-ST) and beta1,4-galactosyltransferase (beta1,4-GT) are responsible for terminal sialylation and galactosylation, respectively. Enhanced sialylation of human erythropoietin (EPO) by the expression of alpha2,3-ST and beta1,4-GT ...
Omasa Takeshi - - 2008
To improve the production of recombinant human antithrombin III (AT-III) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, the gene encoding growth arrest and DNA damage inducible protein 34 (GADD34), which is a transcription factor involved in the unfolded protein response (UPR), was cloned from CHO-K1 cells. Overexpression of GADD34 significantly enhanced ...
Li Ye - - 2008
Simultaneous extraction, separation and quantitation of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH), flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and flavin mononucleotide (FMN) in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells were investigated. The separation of flavins and nicotinamide cofactors was performed by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection at ...
Yue Qiang - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between quantitative proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and pathological changes in meningioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two meningioma cases underwent single voxel 1H-MRS (point-resolved spectroscopy sequence, repetition time/echo time = 2,000 ms/68, 136, 272 ms). Absolute choline (Cho) concentration was calculated using ...
Kandra D - - 2008
Knowledge of intercellular ice formation in cells embedded in an extra-cellular suspension is essential for effective design of freezing protocols. The presence of cell membrane causes super-cooling of the intra-cellular region, which nucleates at much lower temperatures than the surrounding extra-cellular space and is accompanied by the exothermic release of ...
Iwao Yasunori - - 2008
Chronic accumulation of plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) promotes renal fibrosis. However, the mechanism at the cellular level has not been clarified. In the present study, endocytic assay of human proximal tubular cells (HK-2 cells) demonstrated that AOPPs-human serum albumin (HSA) (in vitro preparations of chloramine- modified HSA) were ...
Roos Wynand P - - 2009
O(6)-methylguanine (O(6)MeG) is a highly critical DNA adduct induced by methylating carcinogens and anticancer drugs such as temozolomide, streptozotocine, procarbazine and dacarbazine. Induction of cell death by O(6)MeG lesions requires mismatch repair (MMR) and cell proliferation and is thought to be dependent on the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) ...
Biverstål Anna - - 2008
UVA generates low levels of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs). Here we asked the question whether CPDs could fully explain the level of mutations induced by UVA. Relative mutagenicities of UVA and UVC were calculated at equal levels of CPDs in cell lines, deficient in different aspects of repair. Survival and ...
Miura Daishiro - - 2008
We previously reported that rat spleen T-cells and peripheral red blood cells that are deficient in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) synthesis [presumed mutants for the phosphatidylinositol glycan complementation group A gene (Pig-A)] could be detected by flow cytometry (FCM) as cells negative for GPI-linked markers (CD48 and CD59, respectively). To establish this ...
Sun Li-na - - 2008
AIM: TREK-1 (TWIK-related K+ channel-1) is a 2-pore-domain K+ channel subtype. The present study investigated the role of TREK-1 in cell death induced by oxidative stress. METHODS: The cell viability of wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and TREK-1-transfected CHO cells (TREK-1/CHO cells) was measured using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay in ...
Zhang Ke - - 2008
In order to probe the nanoparticle shape/size effect on cellular uptake, a spherical and two cylindrical nanoparticles, whose lengths were distinctively varied, were constructed by the selective cross-linking of amphiphilic block copolymer micelles. Herein, we demonstrate that, when the nanoparticles were functionalized with the protein transduction domain of human immunodeficiency ...
Ghaedi Kamran - - 2008
To elucidate molecular and cellular mechanisms of peroxisome biogenesis, we have isolated Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants defective in peroxisome biogenesis by making use of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and a frameshift-inducing mutagen ICR191. CHO-TKa cells stably expressing Pex2p were transformed with a cDNA encoding EGFP fused with ...
Ram Narendra - - 2008
Maurocalcine (MCa), initially identified from a Tunisian scorpion venom, defines a new member of the family of cell penetrating peptides by its ability to efficiently cross the plasma membrane. The initiating mechanistic step required for the cell translocation of a cell penetrating peptide implicates its binding onto cell surface components ...
Wiesner G - - 2008
We have assessed, for the first time, genotoxicity (i.e. sister chromatid exchanges and micronuclei) in anaesthetists exposed to a single volatile anaesthetic (sevoflurane) without nitrous oxide. The anaesthetists were exposed to an 8-h time-weighted average of 0.2 parts per million sevoflurane. Internists served as non-exposed controls. Mean (SD) sister chromatid ...
Ohya Tomoshi - - 2008
To improve the production of recombinant human antithrombin III (AT-III) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, the genes encoding transcription factors, ATF4 (activating transcription factor 4) and XBP-1s (the spliced form of X-box binding protein 1), which were involved in the mammalian unfolded protein response (UPR), were cloned from CHO-K1 ...
Müller Dethardt - - 2008
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are strongly implicated in the global regulation of gene expression, and, in this regard, they consequently affect metabolic pathways on every regulatory level in different species. This characteristic makes miRNAs a promising target for cell engineering, and they could have multiple applications in medicine and biotechnology. However, a ...
Neuss Simone - - 2008
The induction of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) was used to further characterize the genotoxic action of formaldehyde (FA) on cultured mammalian cells. FA induced SCE in V79 Chinese hamster cells and A549 human lung cells in a concentration-related manner. Addition of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) for the differentiation of sister chromatids to ...
Kmetic I - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the toxic effect of atrazine at the ovarian cellular level. Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO-K1) cell line was used to evaluate the degree of in vitro atrazine cytotoxicity and the morphological changes were followed during the cell death. Application of four bioassays confirmed ...
Neukam Karin - - 2008
Tea polyphenols are promising chemopreventive anticancer agents, the properties of which have been studied both in vitro and in vivo, providing evidence that - within this group of compounds - the tea flavanols are able to inhibit carcinogenesis, an effect that in some cases could be correlated with increased cell ...
Mohan Chaya - - 2008
Recombinant glycoprotein therapeutics have proven to be invaluable pharmaceuticals for the treatment of various diseases. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are widely used in industry for the production of these proteins. Several strategies for engineering CHO cells for improved protein production have been tried with considerable results. The focus has ...
Yee Joon Chong - - 2008
Sodium butyrate has been known to increase the specific productivity of recombinant proteins in mammalian cells. In quest of physiological mechanisms leading to the increased productivity, DNA microarray and two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) were used to assess the response of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and a mouse hybridoma cell ...
Becker Eric - - 2008
The optimization of production processes for therapeutic antibodies is a continuing challenge in pharmaceutical biotechnology. Although it could be demonstrated that vector design and host cell engineering can improve transcriptional and translational efficiency and thereby result in generation of high producer cell lines, it is not clear whether introduction of ...
Jantová S - - 2008
The number of biomaterials used in biomedical applications has rapidly increased in the past two decades. Fluorapatite (FA) is one of the inorganic constituents of bone or teeth used for hard-tissue repairs and replacements. Fluor-hydroxyapatite (FHA) is a new synthetically prepared composite that in its structure contains the same molecular ...
Vu Dung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Congenital afibrinogenemia is characterized by the absence of fibrinogen, a hexamer composed of two copies of three polypeptides, Aalpha. Bbeta and gamma. The disease is caused by mutations in one of the three fibrinogen-encoding genes, FGA, FGB and FGG. Among these, several mutations have been reported to specifically impair ...
Nagasawa Hatsumi - - 2008
We reported previously that the homologous recombinational repair (HRR)-deficient Chinese hamster mutant cell line irs3 (deficient in the Rad51 paralog Rad51C) showed only a 50% spontaneous frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) as compared to parental wild-type V79 cells. Furthermore, when irradiated with very low doses of alpha particles, SCEs ...
Han Demin - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of frontal-ethmoidal cells and to evaluate variation in the superior attachment of the uncinate process in Chinese subjects. 202 normal Chinese subjects (404 sides) underwent spiral computed tomography and multiplanar reconstruction images were evaluated. Agger nasi cells showed a prevalence ...
Iordan A - - 2008
Results on the rheological behavior of Chinese hamster ovary cell suspensions in a large range of concentrations are reported. The concentration-dependent yield stress and elastic plateau modulus are formalized in the context of fractal aggregates under shear, and quite different exponents are found as compared to the case of red ...
Yin Huabing - - 2008
In this paper, we compare a quantitative cell-based assay measuring the intracellular Ca2+ response to the agonist uridine 5'-triphosphate in Chinese hamster ovary cells, in both microfluidic and microtiter formats. The study demonstrates that, under appropriate hydrodynamic conditions, there is an excellent agreement between traditional well-plate assays and those obtained ...
Fujiwara Masashi - - 2007
The effect of static pressure on the intracellular pH of the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line DR1000L4N was investigated. In cultivation of CHO cells at 0.9 MPa, two distinct populations were observed in the histogram of a flow cytometer, while single population was observed in cultivation at 0.1 MPa. ...
Otsuki Makoto - - 2008
RECQL1 and RECQL5 as well as BLM reportedly interact with TOP3alpha whose defect is lethal for the cell. Therefore in this study, we characterized recql5/recql1/blm triple mutants from DT40 cells to determine whether the triple mutants show a top3alpha disrupted cell-like phenotype. The triple mutants are viable. Moreover, both blm/recql1 ...
Zhang H - - 2008
Cell-based gene therapy offers an alternative strategy for therapeutic angiogenesis for the management of myocardial infarction (MI). However, immune rejection poses a significant obstacle to the implantation of genetically engineered allogeneic or xenogeneic cells. In the present study, an ex vivo gene therapy approach utilizing cell microencapsulation was employed to ...
Zhang Luo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to look at the incidence of supraorbital ethmoid cells (SOEC) in normal Chinese subjects by using spiral computed tomography (CT) scanning. In addition, subjects with chronic rhinosinusitis with SOEC were reviewed for endoscopic analysis. METHODS: A total of 202 normal Chinese subjects underwent ...
Mottram Laurie F - - 2007
We report improved syntheses of the Pennsylvania Green and 4-carboxy-Pennsylvania Green fluorophores; the latter compound was prepared from methyl 4-iodo-3-methylbenzoate in a three-pot process (32% overall yield). Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase fusion proteins were treated with Pennsylvania Green and Oregon Green linked to O6-benzylguanine (SNAP-Tag substrates). Analysis ...
Shaaltiel Yoseph - - 2007
Gaucher's disease, a lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding glucocerebrosidase (GCD), is currently treated by enzyme replacement therapy using recombinant GCD (Cerezyme) expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. As complex glycans in mammalian cells do not terminate in mannose residues, which are essential for the ...
Chintalacharuvu Koteswara R - - 2007
Myeloma and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are frequently used for the production of recombinant antibodies. With increasing interest in producing recombinant IgA for protection against infectious agents, it is essential to characterize the IgA produced in these cells. Here we show that while myeloma cells secrete IgA2m(2) predominantly as ...
Carter Meghan M - - 2007
Experiments were performed to investigate the impact of didanosine (ddI), lamivudine (3TC), and stavudine (d4T) on cell survival and mutagenicity in two reporter genes, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) and thymidine kinase (TK), using a cell cloning assay for assessing the effects of individual nucleoside analogs (NRTIs)/drug combinations in human TK6 B-lymphoblastoid ...
Hong Willy W L - - 2007
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr)/methotrexate (MTX) gene amplification system are routinely used to generate stable producer CHO cell clones in biopharmaceutical industries. The present study proposes a novel method by the co-amplification of the silencing vector targeted to dhfr gene for improvements of selecting high-producing clones ...
Chalut Kevin J - - 2007
Optical spectroscopy was used to evaluate the transformation of nuclear morphology associated with intraepithelial neoplasia in an animal model of carcinogenesis. In this pilot study, we have assessed the capability of angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry (a/LCI) to monitor in situ the neoplastic progression of hamster trachea epithelial tissue. By using the ...
Pathak Rupak - - 2007
Chinese hamster V79 cell and a cell strain M5, derived from V79 cells and reported to be relatively resistant to gamma-ray, hydrogen peroxide, and N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG; a potent human carcinogen), were exposed to high LET (7)Li-beam (LET=60 keV/microm) at approximately 90% confluent state in the dose range of 0-1 Gy. ...
Carey Bryce W - - 2007
HLA (human leucocyte antigen)-A2 is an MHC Class I protein with primary functions in T-cell development and initi-ation of immune cell responses. MHC I proteins also play roles in intercellular adhesion, apoptosis, cell proliferation and neuronal plasticity. By utilizing a sequence comparison analysis, we recently identified HLA-A2 as a potential ...
Cuellar Karen - - 2007
Xylosyltransferase (XylT) catalyzes the initial enzymatic reaction in the glycosaminoglycan assembly pathway for proteoglycan biosynthesis. Its activity is thought to be rate-limiting. Two xylosyltransferases have been found using genomic analyses, and one of these, XylT1, has been shown to have xylosyltransferase activity. On the other hand, the less studied XylT2 ...
Lin Chih-Min - - 2007
The N-nitroso derivative of an extensively used insecticide, propoxur, consistently induced dose-responsive chromosome aberrations and sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-W8) cells. Further investigations indicated that post-treatment incubation with a regular 1.5-cell-cycle period did not offer an unbiased estimation of the genotoxicity of N-nitroso carbamate insecticides. The scale ...
Peretti Vincenzo - - 2006
Lymphocyte cell cultures from 30 Casertana pigs (13 males and 17 females), reared in southern Italy, underwent the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) test. The Casertana pig is an endangered native breed from the region of Campania, raised chiefly half-wild. In the 1500 cells we studied, the mean SCE was 6.32+/-2.92 ...
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