Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1473
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Jing Ying - - 2010
The importance of glycoprotein sialic acid levels is well known, as increased levels have been shown to increase in vivo serum half-life profiles. Here we demonstrate for the first time that dexamethasone (DEX) was capable of improving the sialylation of a CTLA4-Ig fusion protein produced by Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) ...
Staple D B - - 2010
Epithelia are sheets of cells that are dynamically remodelled by cell division and cell death during development. Here we describe the cell shapes and packings as networks of polygons: stable and stationary network configurations obey force balance and are represented as local minima of a potential function. We characterize the ...
Dewitt S - - 2011
The ability to manipulate the intracellular environment within living cells and to monitor the cytosolic chemical changes which occur during cell stimulation has lead to major advances in our understanding of how cells read and respond to their environment. Perhaps the most powerful suite of techniques for achieving these dual ...
Desoubzdanne D - - 2010
A new method based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography-electrospray ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-ESI-MS/MS) coupled to the use of a stable isotope labelled substrate was developed to study the metabolism of choline (Cho) compounds in two human glioblastoma multiform (GBM) cell lines with different responses to ionising radiation. Analysis was performed in ...
Glatt Hansruedi - - 2011
1-Methoxy-3-indolylmethyl (1-MIM) glucosinolate, contained in many Brassica vegetables, is strongly mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 when activated by myrosinase. Here, we describe the synthesis and evaluation of two breakdown products, 1-MIM nitrile and 1-MIM alcohol. 1-MIM nitrile was not mutagenic and 1-MIM alcohol showed low direct mutagenicity in TA100, indicating ...
Brück Simon - - 2011
The purpose of this project was to develop a method that, while providing morphological quality control, allows single cells to be obtained from the surfaces of various evidence materials and be made available for DNA analysis in cases where only small amounts of cell material are present or where only ...
Vliet Lydia K - - 2011
Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL, E. C. 4.3.2.2) carries out two non-sequential steps in de novo AMP synthesis, the conversion of succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide ribotide (SAICAR) to aminoimidazolecarboxamide ribotide (AICAR) and the conversion of succinyl AMP (AMPS) to AMP. In humans, mutations in ADSL lead to an inborn error of metabolism originally characterized ...
Cui Xiaofeng - - 2010
Thermal inkjet printing technology has been applied successfully to cell printing. However, there are concerns that printing process may cause cell damages or death. We conducted a comprehensive study of thermal inkjet printed Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by evaluating cell viability and apoptosis, and possible cell membrane damages. Additionally, ...
Hong Jong Kwang - - 2010
The effect of ammonia on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell growth and galactosylation of recombinant immunoglobulin (rIgG) was investigated using shaking flasks with serum free media containing 0-15 mM NH(4)Cl. The elevated ammonia inhibited cell growth and negatively affected the galactosylation of rIgG. At 15 mM NH(4)Cl, the proportions of ...
Cabaniols Jean-Pierre - - 2010
The development of cell-based assays for high-throughput screening (HTS) approaches often requires the generation of stable transformant cell lines. However, these cell lines are essentially created by random integration of a gene of interest (GOI) with no control over the level and stability of gene expression. The authors developed a ...
Wang Yun Y Environmental and Occupational Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, - - 2010
Mitomycin c (MMC), a quinone-containing anticancer drug, is known to redox cycle and generate reactive oxygen species. A key enzyme mediating MMC redox cycling is cytochrome P450 reductase, a microsomal NADPH-dependent flavoenzyme. In the present studies, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells overexpressing this enzyme (CHO-OR cells) and corresponding control cells ...
Whitwell James - - 2010
The reference genotoxic agents 2-aminoanthracene (a metabolism dependent weak clastogen), 5-fluorouracil (a nucleoside analogue, characterised by a steep dose response profile), colchicine (an aneugen that inhibits tubulin polymerisation), benzo[a]pyrene (a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon requiring metabolic activation), cadmium chloride (an inorganic carcinogen), and cytosine arabinoside (a nucleoside analogue that inhibits the ...
Feng Hua-Tao - - 2010
An intact-cell mass spectrometry (ICM) method using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) was evaluated for the screening of stable recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines, an important mammalian cell line in bioprocessing. With rapid and simple cell pretreatments, viabilities of cells could be rapidly distinguished on the different fingerprints ...
Whitwell James - - 2010
The reference genotoxic agents 5-fluorouracil (a nucleoside analogue, characterised by a steep dose response profile), colchicine (an aneugen that inhibits tubulin polymerisation), benzo[a]pyrene (a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon requiring metabolic activation) and cytosine arabinoside (a nucleoside analogue that inhibits the gap-filling step of excision repair) were tested in the in vitro ...
Doolan Padraig - - 2010
A high rate of cell growth (micro) leading to rapid accumulation of viable biomass is a desirable phenotype during scale up operations and the early stages of production cultures. In order to identify genes and proteins that contribute to higher growth rates in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, a combined ...
Lim Yiping - - 2010
Requiem, a hypothesized transcription factor with apoptosis-related activity, was previously shown to be a potential cell engineering gene target for improving recombinant protein production. Requiem suppression has resulted in improved viable cell density and extended culture viability, leading to an overall improvement in recombinant protein productivity. However, not much is ...
Omasa Takeshi - - 2010
Mammalian cell lines are important host cells for the industrial production of pharmaceutical proteins owing to their capacity for correct folding, assembly and post-translational modification. In particular, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are the most dependable host cells for the industrial production of therapeutic proteins. Growing demand for therapeutic proteins ...
Goh John S Y - - 2010
A large number of CHO glycosylation mutants were isolated by Ricinus communis agglutinin-I (RCA-I). Complementation tests revealed that all these mutant lines possessed a dysfunctional N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GnT I) gene. Sequencing analyses on the GnT I cDNAs isolated from 16 mutant lines led to the identification of nine different single ...
Jones Meredith B - - 2010
Glycosylation-deficient Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines can be used to expand our understanding of N-glycosylation pathways and to study Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation, diseases caused by defects in the synthesis of N-glycans. The mammalian N-glycosylation pathway involves the step-wise assembly of sugars onto a dolichol phosphate (P-Dol) carrier, forming ...
Sandwall Elina - - 2010
Heparan sulfate (HS) has been found associated with amyloid deposits, including the toxic amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide aggregates in cerebral vasculature and neuronal tissues in patients with Alzheimer's disease. However, the pathophysiological significance of the HS-Abeta interaction has remained unclear. In the present study, we applied cell models to gain insight ...
Yang F - - 2010
1,4-Benzoquinone (p-BQ) is a metabolite of benzene known to induce genotoxicity in vivo. The aim of this study was to determine whether it also produced genotoxicity in Chinese hamster V79 cells in vitro. In study 1, incubation with p-BQ at different concentrations (25-400 microM) for 2, 12, or 24 h ...
Tateno Hiroaki - - 2010
All cells in nature are covered with a dense and complex array of glycans. The total glycan repertoire expressed on cells, "the cellular glycome," varies at every level of biological organization, and in response to intrinsic and extrinsic stimuli. The cellular glycome is often referred to as the "cell face," ...
Digkas E N - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein which has a main property, erythropoiesis, but its range of action in the human body is very wide. It has been suggested that EPO acts cytoprotectively for many cell lines against many toxic causes in vitro and in vivo. Our aim was to study the ...
Ding Huafeng - - 2010
We applied the newly developed Fourier transform light scattering (FTLS) to study dynamic light scattering in single live cells, at a temporal scale of seconds to hours. The nanoscale cell fluctuations were measured with and without the active actin contribution. We found experimentally that the spatio-temporal signals rendered by FTLS ...
Chang Hao-Teng - - 2010
The eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is cytotoxic to bacteria, viruses, parasites and mammalian cells. Cells are damaged via processes of pore formation, permeability alteration and membrane leaking. Some clinical studies indicate that ECP gathers in the bronchial tract of asthma sufferers, damages bronchial and airway epithelial cells, and leads to ...
Carrara Sandro - - 2010
Further advances in molecular medicine and cell biology also require new electrochemical systems to detect disease biomarkers and therapeutic compounds. Microelectronic technology offers powerful circuits and systems to develop innovative and miniaturized biochips for sensing at the molecular level. However, microelectronic biochips proposed in the literature often do not show ...
Medendorp Klaas - - 2010
Although the mitotic arrest deficient protein MAD2B (MAD2L2) is thought to inhibit the anaphase promoting complex (APC) by binding to CDC20 and/or CDH1 (FZR1), its exact role in cell cycle control still remains to be established. Using a yeast two-hybrid interaction trap we identified the human clathrin light chain A ...
de Medina-Redondo María - - 2010
The formation of the cell wall in Schizosaccharomyces pombe requires the coordinated activity of enzymes involved in the biosynthesis and modification of β-glucans. The β(1,3)-glucan synthase complex synthesizes linear β(1,3)-glucans, which remain unorganized until they are cross-linked to other β(1,3)-glucans and other cell wall components. Transferases of the GH72 family ...
Di Virgilio A L - - 2010
The aim of this study was to analyze the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of titanium oxide (TiO(2)) and aluminium oxide (Al(2)O(3)) nanoparticles (NPs) on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells using neutral red (NR), mitochondrial activity (by MTT assay), sister chromatid exchange (SCE), micronucleus (MN) formation, and cell cycle kinetics techniques. Results ...
Peruzzi Benedetta - - 2010
Mutations are an inherent risk of cell duplication. On one hand, inheritable mutations are the driving force of biological evolution; on the other hand, their accumulation in somatic cells plays a key role in the development of cancer. The frequency of mutants (f) and the rate of mutation (mu) are ...
Su Yuanyuan - - 2010
We reported the studies of aggregation, cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of C(60)(OH)(x), one of important water-soluble fullerene derivatives. The results showed C(60)(OH)(x) was smaller in size but harder to go into cells in the media with serum. Moreover, C(60)(OH)(x) showed severe toxicity to Chinese hamster lung and Chinese hamster ovary ...
Nakamura Hiroyuki - - 2010
We examined the effect of the cellular sphingolipid level on the release of arachidonic acid (AA) and activity of cytosolic phospholipase A2alpha (cPLA2alpha) using two Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1-derived mutants deficient in sphingolipid synthesis: LY-B cells defective in the LCB1 subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase for de novo synthesis of sphingolipid ...
Kaneko Yoshihiro - - 2010
Pharmaceutical manufacturing plants can be operated continuously for several months. It is therefore important to use cells with long-term stability for the production of active ingredients. We investigated the reliability and long-term stability of an antibody-producing cell line. A recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line was cultivated in spinner ...
Gigout Anne - - 2009
In many industrial applications, inadequate cell attachment can be a limitation, especially when serum-free media are used. Nitrogen-rich plasma-polymerised ethylene (PPE:N) exhibits high concentrations of polar groups that can help to promote the attachment of weakly adherent cell types. Tissue plasminogen activator-producing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, adapted to suspension, ...
Marins Juliana Soares Roter - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of BioPure MTAD to induce genetic damage in vitro. Genotoxicity was assessed by the single cell gel (comet) assay. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells or murine fibroblasts cells were exposed to increasing final concentrations ranging from 0.1 a 10%. All ...
Soloneski Sonia - - 2010
Pirimicarb and its formulation Aficida (50% pirimicarb) effects were studied on CHO-K1 cells employing sister chromatid exchange (SCE), chromosomal aberrations (CA), cell-cycle progression and mitotic index analyses. Continuous treatments were performed within 10-300 microg/ml concentration-range. Pirimicarb, but not Aficida, induced a concentration-dependent increase of abnormal cells. Pirimicarb induced a greater ...
Wang Lauren W - - 2009
Protein C-mannosylation is the attachment of alpha-mannopyranose to tryptophan via a C-C linkage. This post-translational modification typically occurs within the sequence motif WXXW, which is frequently present in thrombospondin type-1 repeats (TSRs). TSRs are especially numerous in and a defining feature of the ADAMTS superfamily. We investigated the presence and ...
Chen Lih-Geeng - - 2009
Nowadays herbal medicines of skin-whitening cosmetics are popular with women. We attempted to find the whitening activity compounds present in many herbal medicines used for this purpose and discuss their mechanisms in melanin biosynthesis. The 70% acetone extracts of 10 kinds of herbs were investigated for their mushroom tyrosinase activity ...
Li Runmei R Department of Immunology, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin, - - 2009
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), a tryptophan catabolic enzyme, plays an important role in immune escape through suppressing T-cell function. Since Vav1 signaling pathway regulates T cell homeostasis, this study was designed to test the hypothesis that IDO induces T-cell immunosuppression through inhibiting Vav1 signaling. We found that IDO produced by IDO ...
Li Qiu-Ning - - 2009
AIM:To elucidate the detailed mechanisms underlying the appreciable effects of JG3, a novel marine-derived oligosaccharide, on cell migration using a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line stably over-expressing heparanase. METHODS:A retrovirus infection system was used to establish a CHO-K1 cell line stably transfected with heparanase. Immunocytochemistry was used to assess ...
Momin Amin A - - 2009
CHO-LY-B cells have been useful in studies of sphingolipid metabolism and function because they lack serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT) activity. Cloning and sequencing of the SPT1 transcript of LY-B cells identified the mutation as a guanine to adenine change at nucleotide 738, causing a G246R transformation. Western blots revealed low expression ...
Hacker David L - - 2009
The purpose of this review is to describe the current status and to highlight several emerging trends in the manufacture of recombinant therapeutic proteins in cultivated mammalian cells, focusing on Chinese hamster ovary cells as the major production host. Over the past 25 years, specific and volumetric productivities for recombinant ...
Singh Thiyam Ramsing - - 2009
FANCM is a component of the Fanconi anemia (FA) core complex and one FA patient (EUFA867) with biallelic mutations in FANCM has been described. Strikingly, we found that EUFA867 also carries biallelic mutations in FANCA. After correcting the FANCA defect in EUFA867 lymphoblasts, a "clean" FA-M cell line was generated. ...
Haneishi Ayumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To study the functions of residues gamma326Cys and gamma339Cys in the assembly and/or secretion of fibrinogen, recombinant fibrinogens were synthesized to replicate naturally occurring gamma326Tyr and gamma326Ser variants, along with gamma326Ala and gamma339Ala variants. METHODS: A fibrinogen gamma-chain expression vector was altered and transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) ...
Keysar Stephen B - - 2009
The flow cytometry mutation assay (FCMA) uses hybrid CHO A(L) cells to measure mutations of the cd59 gene located on human chromosome 11 by the absence of fluorochrome-conjugated antibody binding to the CD59 surface antigen. Mutant expression peaks between 6 and 12 days, then decreases to a stable plateau, instead ...
Plo I - - 2009
The oncogenic kinase AKT1 is frequently overexpressed or activated in sporadic breast and ovarian cancers. In human breast tumors, we have previously shown that AKT1 represses homologous recombination (HR) induced by one double-strand break (DSB). To further analyze the impact of AKT1 on HR, we ectopically expressed wild-type or mutant ...
Bezerra Daniel P - - 2009
Piplartine {5,6-dihydro-1-[(2E)-1-oxo-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-yl]-2(1H)-pyridinone} is an alkamide present in Piper species that exhibits promising anticancer properties. It was previously shown that piplartine is mutagenic in yeast and cultured mammalian cells. This study was performed to increase the knowledge on the mutagenic potential of piplartine using the Salmonella/microsome assay, V79 cell micronucleus and ...
Damiani Renata - - 2009
A CHO cell line, previously genetically modified by the introduction of rat alpha2,6-sialyltransferase cDNA, generated for the first time a human-like sialylated recombinant hTSH (hlsr-hTSH) more similar to the native hormone, with 61% of alpha2,3- and 39% of alpha2,6-linked sialic acid residues. The best clone, when submitted to gene amplification ...
Vuletic Simona - - 2009
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), one of the key lipid transfer proteins in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid, is nearly ubiquitously expressed in cells and tissues. Functions of secreted PLTP have been extensively studied. However, very little is known about potential intracellular PLTP functions. In the current study, we provide evidence for ...
Pons Laurent - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Oleosin is a plant protein localized to lipid droplets and endoplasmic reticulum of plant cells. Our idea was to use it to target functional secretory proteins of interest to the cytosolic side of the endoplasmic reticulum of mammalian cells, through expressing oleosin-containing chimeras. We have designed this approach to ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >