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Shimozawa N - - 1992
Generalized peroxisome-deficient disorders including cerebro-hepato-renal Zellweger syndrome, neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, and infantile Refsum disease are autosomal recessive diseases, where catalase-containing particles (peroxisomes) are morphologically absent. We previously isolated two Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants (Z24 and Z65) that resemble the fibroblasts from patients with such diseases, in their defective peroxisome ...
Iannelli D - - 1992
A procedure is described for the selection of mouse Lyt2- mutant cells. The procedure is based upon repeated cycles of selection with rat monoclonal antibodies to the Lyt2 antigen and magnetic particles coated with goat anti-mouse IgG. Stable Lyt2- mutant clones were derived from cells previously mutagenized with X rays ...
Falcoón J - - 1992
Trout pineal photoreceptor cells were dissociated by trypsin-DNase digestion and further purified by a Percoll gradient centrifugation. Total cells or purified photoreceptor cells were then embedded in a collagen gel, or layered on culture-treated polycarbonate membranes, or maintained in suspension, with RPMI 1640 medium or BGjb medium. It has been ...
Yuan H - - 1992
A study of some factors affecting sister-chromatid differentiation (SCD) and sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE) in Hordeum vulgare is reported. After we studied the influence of 5-fluorodeoxyuridine (FdU) and growth temperature on SCE in barley cells, and the effect of FdU, growth temperature, the growth time of plant cells in 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) ...
Swedmark S - - 1992
The glutathione transferases (GST) belonging to class pi are primarily responsible for the intracellular detoxification of the highly mutagenic and carcinogenic compound (+)-7 beta, 8 alpha-dihydroxy-9 alpha, 10 alpha-oxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BPDE). The aim of the present investigation was to study the nature and function of the GST pi gene in relation ...
Numata M - - 1992
1-[(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl]-3-(2-chloroethyl)-3- nitrosourea hydrochloride (ACNU) causes chloroethylation of DNA strand followed by cross linking through an ethylene bridge. We recently isolated two ACNU sensitive mutants from mutagenized Chinese hamster ovary cells, and found them to be new drug sensitive recessive mutants (Hata et al. 1991). The O6-methyl guanine DNA methyl transferase ...
Dimitriadis V K - - 1992
Hamster airway epithelial secretory cells were investigated by light and electron microscopic cytochemistry to study possible changes in their carbohydrate content induced by human neutrophil elastase (HNE), an agent known to cause replacement of Clara cells by mucous cells in hamster bronchi. Characterization of secretory cell carbohydrates by the AB/PAS, ...
Blackall D P - - 1992
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were transfected with the wild-type, M allele of glycophorin A cDNA. The binding of human alloantibodies to recombinant glycophorin A was assessed with a modified hemagglutination-inhibition assay. Patient sera were incubated with acetone powders derived from CHO cells, and the adsorbed supernatants were tested in ...
Morita T - - 1992
It has been reported that low pH itself can be clastogenic to Chinese hamster ovary cells or mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells. On the other hand, there was no indication that low pH is clastogenic to rat or human lymphocytes. Therefore, in order to evaluate the generality of clastogenicity of low ...
Kalsner I - - 1992
Recombinant human soluble low affinity receptor for the Fc portion of IgE (sFc epsilon RII/sCD23) was produced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Chinese hamster ovary cells and subjected to carbohydrate analysis. Applied methods included analytical SDS-PAGE, reversed phase HPLC, methylation analysis and sequential degradation with exoglycosidases. The results revealed that sFc ...
Osmak M - - 1992
Chinese hamster V79 cells were irradiated daily with 0.3 Gy of gamma-rays 5 times per week for 12 weeks (total 18 Gy). These cells were challenged with an additional dose of 15. Gy gamma-rays or treated with 5 micrograms/ml of mitomycin C (MMC) for 2 h. In spite of the ...
Bauchinger M - - 1992
The clastogenicity of the sensory irritant 2-chlorobenzylidene malonitrile (CS) to V79 Chinese hamster cells was investigated at various exposure conditions. CS efficiently induced chromatid-type aberrations in a dose-dependent manner provided the cells could run through at least one or two S-phases during a 20-h exposure over a 3-h exposure followed ...
Yoo H - - 1992
The repair-associated gene XRCC1 was previously cloned by complementing the hamster mutant EM9, which has a high rate of spontaneous SCE and hypersensitivity to DNA damaging agents. In analyzing XRCC1 gene expression, similar levels of steady-state mRNA were found in normal cells, Bloom's syndrome cells with altered SCE, and in ...
Benjannet S - - 1992
Proprotein and prohormone processing at pairs of basic residues is generally thought to be both tissue- and precursor-specific and to be developmentally regulated. Furin, PC1 (also called PC3), and PC2 represent three recently discovered subtilisin-like proteinases which cleave a number of precursors at the same pairs of basic residues normally ...
Delclos K B - - 1992
6-Nitrochrysene, 6-aminochrysene and several of their metabolites were assayed for mutagenic activity at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (hprt) locus in DNA-repair-proficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells and excision-repair-deficient CHO-UV5 cells. Mutagen-DNA adducts were analyzed by 32P-postlabeling in cells treated under the conditions of the mutagenicity assay and compared with the ...
Kaiden A - - 1992
The addition of oligosaccharide to asparagine residues of soluble and membrane-associated proteins in eukaryotic cells involves a polyisoprenoid lipid carrier, dolichol. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, the major isomer of this polyisoprenol has 19 isoprenyl units, the terminal one being saturated. Our laboratory has developed a procedure to analyze the ...
Sakaguchi K - - 1992
Fanconi anemia is a human inherited disease that is characterized by cellular hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents. A number of potential experimental models for that disorder have been developed by selecting mutants that are hypersensitive to bifunctional mutagens. The six mutants of that class in Drosophila, all of which map ...
Wernicke D - - 1992
In order to establish a mammalian cell expression system with a minimum of selection steps and a stable expression of microgram amounts of recombinant protein (human tissue-type plasminogen activator mutants and chimeric proteins) per 10(6) cells per day, we investigated Chinese hamster ovary cells and the dihydrofolate reductase-deficient Chinese hamster ...
Moore S E - - 1992
Studies on N-linked oligosaccharide processing in the mouse lymphoma glucosidase II-deficient mutant cell line (PHAR2.7) as well as the parent BW5147 cells indicated that the former maintain their capacity to synthesize complex carbohydrate units through the use of the deglucosylation mechanism provided by endomannosidase. The in vivo activity of this ...
Zoeller R A - - 1992
We have used a fluorescence-activated cytotoxicity protocol, 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol (P9OH)/UV selection (Morand, O. H., Allen, L.-A. H., Zoeller, R. A., and Raetz, C. R. H. (1990) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1034, 132-141), to isolate a series of plasmalogen-deficient mutants in a murine, macrophage-like cell line, RAW 264.7. Three of these mutants, RAW.7, ...
Chae Y H - - 1992
Biochanin A, an isoflavone, has previously been shown to inhibit the metabolic activation of the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) to metabolites that bind to DNA in hamster embryo cells and are mutagenic in Chinese hamster V79 cells. To determine the structural features required for this activity and to attempt to find ...
Brüning A - - 1992
Radioactively labeled brefeldin A was used to probe for proteins that interact with this metabolite. The most prominent protein labeled after in vivo incubation of Chinese hamster ovary cells with [3H]brefeldin A turned out to have an apparent molecular mass of 26 kDa. Radioactive peptides derived from the [3H]brefeldin A-labeled ...
Negrutskii B S - - 1992
We have recently proposed that aminoacyl-tRNA is channeled during protein synthesis in vivo--i.e., it is directly transferred among the components of the protein-synthesizing machinery and does not mix with aminoacyl-tRNA molecules introduced from outside the cell. To understand the structural basis for these functional properties, we have examined the disposition ...
Pavlica M - - 1992
Comparative studies of the effect of benzyladenine (BA) on the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the bacterium Salmonella typhimurium, the shallot Allium ascalonicum and Chinese hamster fibroblast cells were performed. The tested substance had no mutagenic activity on yeast, bacteria and cultured fibroblast cells. Changes in mitotic activity and cell division abnormalities ...
Onfelt A - - 1992
V79 Chinese hamster cells were found to produce significant amounts of acetylcholine. Asynchronously growing V79 cells were treated with five different antagonists to cholinergic receptors: atropine and scopolamine, which are inhibitors of muscarinic receptors, and mecamylamine, d-tubocurarine and alpha-bungarotoxin, which are inhibitors of nicotinic receptors. All compounds caused a slight ...
Stenberg K - - 1992
The effect of galactose-6-mustard (G-6-M) on cell growth and cell cycle kinetics was studied in murine P388 leukemia and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells in vitro and compared with the effect of L-phenylalanine mustard (L-PAM). The IC50 values of G-6-M for the P388 and CHO cells were 10 and 100 ...
Nikolai T J - - 1992
Adherent cells can be cultivated in a stirred-tank bioreactor by attaching to microcarriers. Macroporous microcarriers, with their intraparticle space and surface area for cell growth, can potentially support a higher cell concentration than conventional microcarriers, which support cell growth only on the external surface. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and ...
Barbour S - - 1992
We have previously shown that the lateral diffusion, D, of the class I Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) glycoprotein H-2Ld is constrained by its glycosylation, when expressed in mouse L-cells. Removal of one or more of the 3 N-linked oligosaccharides of H-2Ld glycoproteins results in an increase in D. In order ...
Smith F L - - 1992
High energy shock waves produced by a piezoelectric lithotripter, (EDAP LT.01) and an electrohydraulic lithotripter, (Dornier HM3) were examined for their effects on Chinese hamster ovary cells in suspension. The EDAP caused acute lactate dehydrogenase release, consistent with severe membrane disruption in a proportion of cells, with the remaining proportion ...
Rodriguez-Colunga M J - - 1992
We have investigated the development of the Harderian glands of female Syrian hamsters from birth to 8 months of age. The effects of melatonin injections on Harderian gland histology and porphyrin deposits of female hamsters exposed to two different temperatures were also studied. The morphology of the Harderian glands from ...
Madden K R - - 1992
The 3645-base pair human topoisomerase I complementary DNA (cDNA) clone isolated by D'Arpa et al. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 85:2543-2547, 1988) and a mutated version of the cDNA encoding a protein with phenylalanine instead of tyrosine at position 723 have been overexpressed 2- to 5-fold in stably transfected baby ...
Turchi G - - 1992
Recently numerous attempts have been made to reduce the use of vertebrate animals in laboratory experiments to evaluate general and acute toxicity, mutagenesis and teratogenesis of new drugs or chemicals. One common approach is to use established, proliferating cell lines that preserve differentiated functions such as the competence to metabolize ...
Meulien P - - 1992
The cloning of the cDNA encoding von Willebrand factor (vWF) has revealed that it is synthesized as a large precursor (pre-pro-vWF) molecule and it is now clear that the prosequence or vWAgII is responsible for the intracellular multimerization of vWF. We have cloned the complete vWF cDNA and expressed it ...
Preston G A - - 1992
In order to study the mechanism of induction of mutations and chromosome aberrations by ionizing radiations, it is particularly useful to have available radiation-sensitive mutants. While several X-ray-sensitive rodent cell lines are available, they have been selected rather nonspecifically. It was determined that selection for resistance to the DNA replication/repair ...
Majone F - - 1992
The presence of kinetochore and DNA synthesis in micronuclei (MN) induced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by clastogenic and aneuploidogenic substances such as mitomycin C (MMC) and colchicine was determined by immunofluorescence technique using CREST antikinetochore antibodies and anti-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) antibodies. A cytofluorimetric analysis was also performed. Colchicine significantly ...
Castro-Garza J E - - 1992
The alpha[14C]amino isobutyric acid is a synthetic amino acid with low molecular weight, not incorporated to protein. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were labeled with this radioactive compound and treated with the amebal subcellular fraction P30 at short times. We detected membrane damage in CHO cells by specific radiolabel release ...
Bump E A - - 1992
Incubation of Chinese hamster ovary cells with etanidazole under hypoxic conditions increases cell killing by subsequent treatment with melphalan under aerobic conditions. We report here that this sensitization can be achieved even if periods of hypoxia are interrupted by reoxygenation. Preincubation under hypoxia in the absence of etanidazole also results ...
Kranert T - - 1992
V79 Chinese hamster cells were exposed to heavy ions (O to U) and assayed for mutants at the HGPRT-locus by incubation in selective medium containing 6-thioguanine. The LET ranged from 300 to 18000 keV/micrometer. Mutants could be recovered from all particle radiation but the effectivity per deposited energy decreased with ...
Dinowitz M - - 1992
Highly concentrated (4000-7000-fold) culture fluids from CHO cells were analysed for the presence of retrovirus-like activity. Concentrates containing reverse transcriptase activity were detected and further purified by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Particles banding at 1.13-1.16 g/ml were found to contain nucleic acid sequences and structural proteins related to those found ...
Wise J P - - 1992
Several insoluble compounds of chromium, such as lead chromate, are respiratory carcinogens in experimental animals and suspected to be so in humans. Lead chromate induces neoplastic transformation in cultured cells but the mechanism of genotoxicity is unknown. We examined the effect of lead chromate on the integrity of chromosomes of ...
Sawada M - - 1992
A monkey cytochrome P-450IA1 cDNA (MKah1) was transfected into Chinese hamster CHL cells using a vector containing the SR alpha promoter, and sublines stably expressing P-450IA1 were established. The cells showed 25-fold higher sensitivity to the cytotoxic effect of aflatoxin B1 than the parental CHL cells. This hypersensitivity was almost ...
Teepe A G - - 1992
While the liver consists of both parenchymal cells (PC) and nonparenchymal cells (NPC), virtually all studies on promutagen activation have been performed using PC. To evaluate the comparative roles of PC and NPC in promutagen activation, we cocultivated a cell line generally considered to have an insignificant level of xenobiotic ...
Bean C L - - 1992
Choice of harvest time is one of the most important variables in the assessment of whether a compound is clastogenic and in establishing a dose relation. We examined the effects of sampling time on aberration yield for 7 diverse chemicals in CHO-WBL cells by harvesting at intervals from 9 to ...
Prinsze C - - 1992
Both hyperthermia and photodynamic therapy of cancer are frequently used in combination with other treatment modalities in order to improve tumor control with minimal damage to normal tissues. The present results indicate that the most effective combination of treatment modalities is different in different cell types. For instance, ionizing irradiation ...
Ray M K - - 1991
Lec23 Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells have been shown to possess a unique lectin resistance phenotype and genotype compared with previously isolated CHO glycosylation mutants (Stanley, P., Sallustio, S., Krag, S. S., and Dunn, B. (1990) Somatic Cell Mol. Genet. 16, 211-223). In this paper, a biochemical basis for the ...
Thornton-Manning J R - - 1991
Both nitroreduction and ring-oxidation appear to be important pathways for the in vivo metabolic activation of 1-nitropyrene (1-NP), a tumorigenic environmental contaminant. Previous studies, however, suggest that ring-oxidation is primarily responsible for the S9-mediated mutagenicity of 1-NP in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. In this study, an anaerobic rat liver ...
Sharma K - - 1991
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-WBLT) cells growing in McCoy's 5a with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) were adapted to 0.5% FBS in CHO-1 Complete Media System, a serum-free medium from Ventrex. Cells in these two media were exposed to 10(-7) M and 10(-8) M mitomycin C (MMC) for 24 h. Comparison ...
Maunoury R - - 1991
In an immunocytochemical investigation of the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in non-nervous system tissues ten anti-GFAP antibodies were used on a range of normal adult organs from different species. All four polyclonal and six monoclonal antibodies revealed the expression of GFAP in cells of the zona fasciculata ...
Watkins J D - - 1991
The phosphorylation state of cytidylyltransferase in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was correlated with its subcellular distribution and activity in vivo. Western blot analysis of soluble and particulate fractions from control and phospholipase C-treated cells revealed slower migrating forms of cytidylyltransferase present only in the soluble fraction of control cells. ...
Kaufman E R - - 1991
Somatic cell hybrids derived from the fusion of Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) and mutant Syrian hamster melanoma cells (2E) were tested for their ability to grow with all of the thymidine (dThd) in their DNA replaced with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), a phenotypic capability of the 2E cells but not of ...
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