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Results 451 - 500 of 1496
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Branda R F - - 1997
Multiplex PCR amplification of hprt exons from 113 Chinese hamster ovary cell clones selected for resistance to 6-thioguanine was performed to investigate the molecular basis for the synergistic mutagenic effects of nutritional folic acid deficiency and alkylating agents. In cells treated with ethyl methanesulfonate, intragenic deletions were detected in 9 ...
Nakamura N - - 1997
Many eukaryotic cell surface proteins are bound to the cell membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Several genes involved in GPI anchor biosynthesis have been cloned using complementation of mutant mammalian cell lines and yeasts that are defective in its biosynthesis pathway. However, the gene involved in the second step ...
Zhong B Z - - 1997
Studies have been carried out to determine the relationship between treatment condition and frequencies of micronucleated cells (MNC) and multinucleated cells (MTC) in Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (V79 cells) exposed to dusts and fibers. Cells were treated with Min-U-Sil 5 silica or Owens Corning AAA-10 glass fibers under three different ...
Hiraoka W - - 1997
Deterioration in the clonogenic ability of Chinese hamster V79 cells was observed after treatments with low concentrations of H2O2 (0.06-0.2 mM) for 1 h and subsequent incubation for 6-8 days, whereas no loss of ability of the cells to exclude trypan blue after treatments with H2O2 for 1 h and ...
Panneerselvam N - - 1997
Cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were pre-treated with m-AMSA (amsacrine) and post-treated with different doses of polycationic compound poly-D-lysine (PDL) during G2 period in order to test on the frequency of chromatid-type aberrations. The present results indicate that PDL enhances the genotoxic action of m-AMSA measured as induced chromatid ...
Rossman T G - - 1997
Chinese hamster V79 cells and their arsenite-resistant variants were found to have an arsenite- and antimonite-inducible tolerance mechanism which protects against the subsequent cytotoxic effects of arsenate, arsenate and antimonite. Inducible tolerance requires de novo mRNA and protein synthesis, and is independent of the heat shock response. In contrast, we ...
Okumoto K - - 1997
We made use of the 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol/ultraviolet (P9OH/UV) method and isolated peroxisome-deficient mutant cells. TKa cells, the wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, CHO-K1, that had been stably transfected with cDNA encoding Pex2p (formerly peroxisome assembly factor-1, PAF-1) were used to avoid frequent isolation of the Z65-type, PEX2-defective mutants. P9OH/UV-resistant cell ...
Dillon C T - - 1997
The oxidation state of intracellular chromium has been determined directly in mammalian lung cells exposed to mutagenic and carcinogenic chromium compounds. Microprobe X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) experiments on single V79 Chinese hamster lung cells showed that Cr(VI) and Cr(V) complexes were reduced completely (>90%) to Cr(III) within 4 h of ...
Wu R W - - 1997
We earlier developed the Chinese hamster ovary UV5P3 cell line that expresses cytochrome P4501A2 and lacks nucleotide excision repair for studying metabolism and mutagenicity of heterocyclic amines. The Chinese hamster ovary UV5P3 cells are approximately 50-fold more sensitive to the cooked food mutagen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) than 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), another genotoxic ...
Hummel M - - 1997
Glycosylated [Asn22]lysozyme has been shown to contain N-acetyllactosamine repeats when expressed in chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. We find that the major portion of N-acetyllactosamine repeats are associated with diantennary oligosaccharides. In Lec2 CHO cells, which are deficient in sialylation, glycosylated lysozyme is synthesized with increased contents of N-acetyllactosamine repeats ...
Johannes C - - 1997
Ultrasound permeabilizes Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for the endonucleases AluI and benzon nuclease which leads to the induction of chromosomal aberrations by these enzymes. A few aberrant cells were observed when trypsinized cells or adherent cells were exposed to the enzymes in the absence of ultrasound. Our data show ...
Schröder M - - 1997
Overexpression of recombinant proteins in animal cells is commonly achieved by using gene amplification techniques. Gene amplified cells possess up to several thousand genes coding for the target protein. Constitutive expression of these genes leads to high levels of the corresponding mRNA species and the immature protein in the cell. ...
Burke D J - - 1997
We used a genetic assay to monitor the behavior of sister chromatids during the cell cycle. We show that the ability to induce sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) with ionizing radiation is maximal in budded cells with undivided nuclei and then decreases prior to nuclear division. SCE can be induced in ...
Crick D C - - 1997
Although UT-2 cells, a mutant clone of Chinese hamster ovary cells, have been shown to require mevalonate for growth due to a deficiency in 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, the precise mevalonate-derived product(s) essential for proliferation has not been identified. These studies show that UT-2 cells proliferate in the presence of free geranylgeraniol ...
Dahle J - - 1997
Microcolonies of 2-8 Madison-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK II) and Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (V79) cells were incubated with the photosensitizer Photofrin and exposed to light, and the resulting number of dead cells per colony was determined. The distribution of this number was found to be incompatible with the assumption ...
Ong T - - 1997
Many workers as well as the general public are exposed to glass fibers, which are among the most common man-made fibers. Information related to their genotoxicity and potential carcinogenicity is still limited. In this study, we investigated the ability of glass fibers to induce micronucleated and multinucleated cells in cultured ...
Armstrong M J - - 1997
O6-Methylguanine (O6MeG) is important in induction of chromosome aberrations (abs), with the unusual property that new abs are produced in the second cycle after treatment; cells lacking repair by O6-alkylguanine DNA-alkyltransferase (AGT) have more abs at the second division (M2) than at the first (M1). These second-cycle abs are likely ...
Macpherson J S - - 1997
The effect of the novel topoisomerase I inhibitor NU/ICRF 505 (20 microM, approximate IC50 concentration) on the cell cycle was studied by flow cytometry in four Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines. Postdrug treated cells were incubated with optimal concentrations of cytochalasin B to prevent re-entry of daughter cells into ...
Inocencio N M - - 1997
We addressed the question of whether furin is the endoprotease primarily responsible for processing the human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-I) envelope protein gp160 in mammalian cells. The furin-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 strain RPE.40 processed gp160 as efficiently as wild-type CHO-K1 cells in vivo. Although furin can process gp160 ...
Fukasawa M - - 1997
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) K1 cells, typical nonprofessional phagocytes, exhibited intense phagocytosis of latex beads when incubated under serum-free conditions. Under the serum-free conditions, the recognition mechanism of latex beads by cells was investigated. Exogenous heparin and heparan sulfate but not chondroitin sulfate effectively inhibited the binding of latex beads ...
Kawaguchi Y - - 1997
Induction of polyploidy by vitamin B2 (VB2) was investigated in cultured Chinese hamster lung (CHL/IU) cells. We report that VB2 in the form of needle crystals induces polyploidy via the formation of CHL/IU cells with more than one nucleus. The incidence of polyploid cells depended on the amount of needle ...
Galloway S M - - 1997
Different test results have been reported for the same chemicals in two in vitro chromosome aberration test systems, CHL cells tested by a Japanese protocol and CHO cells tested by the US National Toxicology Program [Sofuni et al., Mutat Res 241:173-213,1990]. Here, laboratories in Japan, the US and the UK ...
Podstavková S - - 1997
The aromatic amine 2-aminofluorene (2-AF) was activated by the intact Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells to a mutagen that exhibited toxic and mutagenic effects comparable to those of the direct-acting mutagen N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). There were different responses of the wildtype and repair-deficient strains to the toxic and mutagenic effect of 2-AF. The ...
Lee M W - - 1996
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells express only a trace amount of phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT) activity. CHO cells make their phosphatidylcholine (PC) via the CDP-choline pathway. We investigated whether or not overexpression of PEMT2, an isoform of PEMT, in these cells would down-regulate the activity of the CDP-choline pathway. Transfection of ...
Kaetzel D M DM - - 1996
Pulse-chase analysis of human platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B-chain was conducted in stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells to determine precisely the kinetics of processing, intracellular trafficking and secretion. Newly synthesized 31 kDa monomers of the B-chain (p31) dimerized rapidly via disulfide bonds to a p54 species (t1/2 < 30 ...
Fukushima K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: We have isolated a series of temperature-sensitive mutants for cell-proliferation from the BHK21 cell line derived from the golden hamster (Nishimoto & Basilico 1978; Nishimoto et al. 1982). Using these mutants as a recipient of DNA-mediated gene transfer, we have been cloning human genes which complement these ts mutants. ...
Belley A - - 1996
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Colonic mucins secreted by goblet cells protect the colon by preventing the attachment of enteric pathogens to the epithelium. Entamoeba histolytica overcomes this protective barrier and causes ulcerations, allowing the parasite to disseminate to the liver and form abscesses. An in vitro model is used to study ...
Nohturfft A A Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235, - - 1996
Oxygenated sterols such as 25-hydroxycholesterol kill Chinese hamster ovary cells because they inhibit the proteolytic processing of sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), a pair of membrane-bound transcription factors that activate genes controlling cholesterol synthesis and uptake from lipoproteins. The unprocessed SREBPs remain membrane-bound, they cannot activate the cholesterol biosynthetic ...
Tesfaigzi J - - 1996
A family of small proline-rich proteins (SPR1s) is induced in cells undergoing squamous differentiation. Because SPR1 mRNA is detected in mesenchymal nasal cells of rats exposed to cigarette smoke, expression of this mRNA in other nonsquamous cells and tissues was investigated. Using PCR, low levels of SPR1 mRNA were identified ...
Sánchez-Góngora E - - 1996
Chinese hamster ovary cells were stably transfected with rat liver S-adenosylmethionine synthetase cDNA. As a result, S-adenosylmethionine synthetase activity increased 2.3-fold, an effect that was accompanied by increased S-adenosylmethionine, a depletion of ATP and NAD levels, elevation of the S-adenosylmethionine/S-adenosylhomocysteine ratio (the methylation ratio), increased DNA methylation and polyamine levels ...
Endo T A - - 1996
A mammalian plasma membrane protein(s) which catalyzes ATP-dependent transbilayer movement (flip-flop) of phosphatidylserine (PS) has been suggested to be involved in the formation and maintenance of membrane lipid asymmetry. Flip-flop of PS in the cell surface of nucleated cells was first described by O. C. Martin and R. E. Pagano ...
Schiedner G - - 1996
Human adenovirus type 12 (Ad12) induces undifferentiated sarcomas in neonate Syrian hamsters and hence presents a suitable model for studies of the molecular mechanism of viral oncogenesis. Since we submit that an understanding of the early steps in the interaction between Ad12 and hamster cells might shed light on the ...
Chazenbalk G D - - 1996
The complementary DNA for the human TSH receptor (TSHR) translated region was amplified in the genome of stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using a dihydrofolate reductase minigene. Immunoprecipitation of TSHR in whole cells precursor-labeled with [35S]methionine and [35S]cysteine revealed an approximately 10-fold increase in TSHR expression in cells ...
Hakoda M - - 1996
In vivo somatic mutations have been detected at several human loci by using clonal cultures of peripheral blood T-cells. It has not been fully understood whether or not the somatic mutations in T-cells are similar to those of other cell types. To address this issue, we cloned, from human peripheral ...
Doty R T - - 1996
CD28 provides a major costimulatory signal to T cells when it is cross-linked with mAb, immobilized recombinant ligand (CD80Ig or CD86Ig), or ligand-bearing cells but not when it is bound by specific Fab fragments or monomeric ligand. We wanted to determine how monomeric CD80 could cross-link CD28 since CD80 is ...
Kargman S - - 1996
Selective inhibitors of prostaglandin synthase-2 (PGHS-2) possess potent anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic properties but demonstrate reduced side-effects (e.g. gastrotoxicity) when compared with nonselective inhibitors of PGHS-1 and -2. We investigated the mechanism of the differential inhibition of human PGHS-1 (hPGHS-1) and -2 (hPGHS-2) in intact cells by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ...
Galli A - - 1996
A wide variety of carcinogens including Ames assay (Salmonella) positive as well as Salmonella-negative carcinogens induce intrachromosomal recombination (DEL recombination) in strain RS112 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It has been previously shown that the Salmonella-positive carcinogens ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS), methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide (4-NQO) and the Salmonella-negative carcinogens safrole, benzene, ...
Authier F - - 1996
We have investigated the biosynthesis, subcellular location and expression of insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE). a type-I peroxisomal protease, in semi-permeabilized hepatoma cells using pulse-chase experiments, non-denaturing immunoprecipitation protocols and Northern-blot analyses. In HcpG2 cell lysates prepared from cells radiolabelled with Tran[35S]-label, immunoprecipitated IDE was observed immediately after a 5 min pulse ...
Sanchez-Bueno A - - 1996
Aequorin, a photoprotein which is regenerated from apoaequorin by incubation with coelenterazine, emits light when it binds Ca2+. The aim of this study was to determine if apoaequorin could be used in adherent mammalian cells for measuring cytosolic Ca2+, and imaging Ca2+, at the single cell level. Chinese hamster ovary ...
Swedmark S - - 1996
Glutathione S-transferase (GST) of class Pi (GST Pi) is known to detoxify the mutagenic and carcinogenic (+)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene-7, 8-dihydrodiol 9,10-epoxide [(+)-anti-BPDE] by conjugation with glutathione. Previously, we have shown that Chinese hamster V79 cells contain GST Pi, but seem to lack the capacity to conjugate (+)-anti-BPDE, although these cells do conjugate ...
Nickel W - - 1996
Forskolin has been shown to prevent the effects brefeldin A (BFA) exerts on many mammalian cells with respect to the disassembly of the Golgi apparatus as well as an increase of sphingomyelin synthesis (Lippincott, S. J., Glickman, J., Donaldson, J. G., Robbins, J., Kreis, T. E., Seamon, K. B., Sheetz, ...
Fan S R - - 1996
Arsenic, widely distributed throughout our environment, is a well-established human carcinogen. We report here that squalene, a natural fish oil, is a potential agent in the reduction of sodium arsenite-induced sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and micronuclei in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells. Squalene dose-dependently inhibited sodium arsenite-induced SCE. At the ...
Conner E A - - 1996
Genomic stability was investigated in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells selected for growth in the presence of cytotoxic concentrations of N-(phosphonacetyl-L-asparate) (PALA). In CHO cells selected with 9 x LD50 PALA the carbamyl p-synthetase, aspartate transcarbamylase and dihydroorotase (CAD) gene complex was amplified two-fold while ...
Meschini R - - 1996
Chinese hamster lung embryonic cells (CL1) were treated with colchicine in order to induce endoreduplication and subsequently with mitomycin-C (MMC) to induce exchanges within the diplochromosome. The use of chromosomal differential staining through incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine, resulting in only one stained chromatid, has allowed the analysis of all classes of ...
Mellgren R L - - 1996
A Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CHOp) was cultured in the presence of benzyloxycarbonyl-Leu-Leu-Tyr diazomethyl ketone (ZLLY-CHN2), to select for resistance to this cell-permeant calpain inhibitor. A clone isolated after several courses of exposure (SHI cells) demonstrated decreased sensitivity to ZLLY-CHN2 toxicity and a decreased growth rate. SHI cells also ...
Cui Z - - 1996
We have investigated the cell death of a Chinese hamster ovary mutant (MT-58) with a thermo-sensitive CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the CDP-choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis (Esko, J. D., Wermuth, M. M., and Raetz, C. R. H. (1981) J. Biol. Chem. 256, 7388-7393). After MT-58 cells were shifted ...
Curry P T - - 1996
The bacterial gyrase inhibitors, ciprofloxacin and PD 124816, were tested for clastogenic and aneugenic activity in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells in vitro. Cells were exposed for 3 h, washed free of drug, and subcultured for assessment of various endpoints. For structural chromosomal aberration (SCA) analysis, cells were incubated for ...
Martoglio A M - - 1996
Oviductal non-ciliated secretory epithelial cells, under hormonal stimulation, synthesize and secrete a family of glycoproteins referred to as oviductins. These glycoproteins are found in oviductal fluid in several mammalian species, and have been localized in the oviduct, and in the zona pellucida of ovulated oocytes. In the golden hamster, this ...
Guo Q - - 1996
At the nonpermissive temperature of 39.5 degrees C, the Chinese hamster ovary cell conditionally lethal, temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant ldlF exhibits the following defects: rapid degradation of low density lipoprotein receptors, disruption of ER-through Golgi transport, and disintegration of the Golgi apparatus. All of these are corrected by transfection with an ...
Lee K H - - 1996
Engineering of the cell cycle can be an effective means for bypassing growth factor requirements of animal cells. Cloned human E2F-1 from Nalm 6 cells was subcloned into pRc/CMV and transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Ten stable transfectant clones isolated from cells cultured under neomycin-resistance selection pressure all ...
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