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Martínez-Arroyo Ana M AM Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad (FIVI), Dept. Obst. & Gynec., Valencia University, Valencia, Spain; INCLIVA Biomedical Research Institute, Valencia 46015, - - 2014
Current knowledge about mammalian germ line development is mainly based on the mouse model and little is known about how this fundamental process occurs in humans. This review summarizes our current knowledge of genetic and epigenetic germ line development in mammals, mainly focusing on primordial germ cell (PGC) specification events, ...
Orabi Hazem H Department of Urology and Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, - - 2013
The treatment options for patients requiring repair of a long segment of the urethra are limited by the availability of autologous tissues. We previously reported that acellular collagen-based tubularized constructs seeded with cells are able to repair small urethral defects in a rabbit model. We explored the feasibility of engineering ...
Baek Nam Seob - - 2012
We have synthesized photocrosslinkable benzophenone copolymer, Poly(St-co-MBz), and fabricated cell-repellent patterns of Poly(St-co-MBz) on covalently bound poly-D-lysine (PDL) layer via the photocrosslinking. We have successfully obtained fine grid line pattern with line width of 3μm and fine neurite, presumably axon, patterns with excellent pattern fidelity. We found that benzophenone unit ...
Shin Jee-Hye - - 2012
Cytoplasmic axin expression frequently produces punctuate structures in cells, but the nature of axin puncta has not been fully elucidated. In an effort to analyze cytoplasmic axin puncta, we established HeLa cells expressing axin in a doxycycline-inducible manner (HeLa-Axin). We observed that axin accumulated in an aggregate-like pattern in perinuclear ...
Lecht Shimon - - 2012
The goal of this study was to compare the neuroprotective properties of the L-type Ca(2+) channel blockers, nimodipine and nifedipine, using nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 neuronal cultures exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and trophic withdrawal-induced cell death. Nimodipine (1-100μM) conferred 65±13% neuroprotection upon exposure to OGD and 35±6% neuroprotection ...
Na Hye-Won - - 2012
Protein-tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7) is a member of the defective receptor protein-tyrosine kinases and is known to function as a regulator of planar cell polarity during development. Its expression is up-regulated in some cancers including colon carcinomas. A 100-kDa fragment of PTK7 was detected in the culture media from colon ...
Kuo Dian-Han - - 2012
In the leech Helobdella, the ectoderm exhibits a high degree of morphological homonomy between body segments, but pattern elements in lateral ectoderm arise via distinct cell lineages in the segments of the rostral and midbody regions. In each of the four rostral segments, a complete set of ventrolateral (O fate) ...
Miller Jeffrey P - - 2012
SV40 small t-antigen (ST) collaborates with SV40 large T-antigen (LT) and activated rasv12 to promote transformation in a variety of immortalized human cells. A number of oncogenes or the disruption of the general serine-threonine phosphatase protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) can replace ST in this paradigm. However, the relationship between these ...
Fujii Masato - - 2012
To provide a high-throughput screening method for human ether-a-go-go-gene-related gene (hERG) K(+) channel inhibition, a new recombinant cell line, in which single action potential (AP)-induced cell death was produced by gene transfection. Mutated human cardiac Na(+) channel Nav1.5 (IFM/Q3), which shows extremely slow inactivation, and wild-type inward rectifier K(+) channel, ...
Bortolotti Uberto - - 2012
An 82-year-old female had undergone aortic valve replacement with a 23-mm St. Jude Medical X-Cell porcine bioprosthesis (XCB), a glutaraldehyde-fixed valve subjected to a decellularization process. More than 13 years later, she required a repeated operation because of XCB structural failure. Pathologic examination of an unused XCB as control showed ...
Hunnekuhl Vera S - - 2012
Background: Cell lineage studies in amphipods have revealed an early restriction of blastomere fate. The mesendodermal cell lineage is specified with the third cleavage of the egg. We took advantage of this stereotyped mode of development by fluorescently labeling the mesodermal precursors in embryos of Orchestia cavimana and followed the ...
Verdoodt Freija - - 2012
Macrostomum lignano (Platyhelminthes) possesses pluripotent stem cells, also called neoblasts, which power its extraordinary regeneration capacity. We have examined the cellular dynamics of neoblasts during regeneration of the rostrum in M. lignano. First, using live squeeze observations, the growth curve of the rostrum was determined. Second, neoblasts were labelled with ...
Chang Shuquan - - 2012
Mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) and cysteamine (Cys) capped CdTe quantum dots (QDs) were successfully prepared and used to investigate the combined influence of surface modification, size distribution, and interaction time on their cytotoxicity in human pancreatic carcinoma (PANC-1) cells. Results indicated that the smaller the size of MPA-CdTe QDs, the higher ...
Mir Hina - - 2012
In the present study D. discoideum has been used as a model organism to understand the role of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in caspase independent paraptotic cell death pathways. D. discoideum lacks caspases and Bcl-2 family proteins; nevertheless it has 9 potential genes for PARP. PARP has been known to ...
Jeong Han Saem - - 2012
The correlations between circulating angiogenic cell mobilizations and improvement of microvascular integrity were investigated in patients (n=110) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during an 8-month follow up. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) was measured at baseline and at 8 months by using an intracoronary Doppler wire. Serial changes in the absolute ...
Serag Maged F - - 2011
As nanoparticles can cross different cellular barriers and access different tissues, control of their uptake and cellular fate presents a functional approach that will be broadly applicable to nanoscale technologies in cell biology. Here we show that the trafficking of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) through various subcellular membranes of ...
Chao Tsi-Chian - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: The assessment of radiotoxicity for heterogeneously distributed tritium should be based on the subcellular dose and relative biological effectiveness (RBE) for cell nucleus. In the present work, geometry-dependent absorbed dose and RBE were calculated using Monte Carlo codes for tritium in the cell, cell surface, cytoplasm, or cell ...
Beltman Joost B - - 2011
One of the main questions in the field of imaging immune cell migration in living tissues is whether cells fulfill their functionality via random or nonrandom migration processes. For some applications, this issue has remained controversial even after publication of various imaging studies. A prime example is B-cell migration in ...
Guo Yanjie - - 2011
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of other genes in a post-transcriptional manner. MiR-34a can induce apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and senescence. However, its role in tumor progress remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, the role of miR-34a in lymphatic metastasis was investigated using ...
Zhao Shu-Lei - - 2011
To explore the role of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and the potential of DNMT1-targeted small interfering RNA as ESCC therapy, we examined expression changes of DNMT1 in ESCC and investigated the effect of DNMT1 knockdown by RNA interference in a human ESCC cell line, ...
Eriksson Olof - - 2011
Autologous or allogeneic transfer of tumor-infiltrating T-lymphocytes is a promising treatment for metastatic cancers, but a major concern is the difficulty in evaluating cell trafficking and distribution in adoptive cell therapy. This study presents a method of tracking transfusion of T-lymphoblasts in a porcine model by (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ([(18)F]FDG) and positron ...
Ota Shuhei - - 2011
A new chlorarachniophyte Lotharella reticulosa sp. nov. is described from a culture isolated from the Mediterranean Sea. This strain is maintained as strain RCC375 at the Roscoff Culture Collection, France. This species presents a multiphasic life cycle: vegetative cells of this species were observed to be coccoid, but amoeboid cells ...
Buettner Manuela - - 2011
Lymph nodes (LN) are highly organized and have characteristic compartments. Destruction of these compartments leads to an inability to fulfil their immunological function. However, it is not yet clearly understood which mechanisms are involved in the development and maintenance of this organization. After transplantation of LN into the mesentery, the ...
Padmanabhan Anup - - 2011
Correct positioning of the cell division machinery is crucial for genomic stability and cell fate determination. The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, like animal cells, divides using an actomyosin ring and is an attractive model to study eukaryotic cytokinesis. In S. pombe, positioning of the actomyosin ring depends on the anillin-related ...
Viljanto Jouko - - 2011
Assessment of the real state of wound healing of closed surgical wounds is uncertain both clinically and from conventional laboratory tests. Therefore, a novel approach based on early analysis of exactly timed wound cells, computerized further with an artificial neural network, was developed. At the end of routine surgery performed ...
Yu Tao - - 2011
The increased migration and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells are key events in the development of metastasis to the lymph nodes and distant organs. Although the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand, stromal-cell-derived factor-1α, have been found to play an important role in tumor invasion, its precise role ...
Shinada Takahiro - - 2011
Introduction of membrane-impermeant substances into living cells is the key method to understand contemporary cellular processes by investigating cellular responses and phenotypes. Here, we performed gold ion beam exposure into live cells by using the focused ion beam implantation method, which was originally developed to precisely control semiconductor device performances. ...
Ohno Ayako - - 2011
"In-cell nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)" is a unique method for characterization of conformation, interaction and dynamics of proteins inside living cells at atomic level. Since the method was proposed by Dötch and co-workers in 2001 [1], its application had been limited to bacterial cells and oocytes of Xenopus laevis [2]. ...
Mussbach Franziska - - 2011
Nucleoside phosphates can bind to many functional proteins like G-proteins or other GTP-binding proteins in signal transduction or translation processes. Till now internalization of nucleoside phosphates into live cells remains a challenge. We study the internalization of a fluorescent-labelled deoxyuridine triphosphate into HeLa cells and other adhesion and suspension cells. ...
Han Tae Hee - - 2010
The primo-vascular system is a novel thread-like structure which is recently rediscovered, but its cellular properties are largely unknown. In this study, a slice preparation for primo-nodes was developed to facilitate study of the cellular properties of primo-node cells in vitro. Slices (4-8 slices; 200 μm thick) were sectioned from ...
Pearce Glen - - 2011
B-cell migration into and within lymphoid tissues is not only central to the humoral immune response but also for the development of malignancies and autoimmunity. We previously demonstrated that SWAP-70, an F-actin-binding, Rho GTPase-interacting protein strongly expressed in activated B cells, is necessary for normal B-cell migration in vivo. SWAP-70 ...
Flajšhans Martin - - 2010
Comparative image cytometry of erythrocytes of diploid and triploid tench Tinca tinca L. and evolutionary tetraploid sterlet Acipenser ruthenus L. was performed on whole live unstained cells, live cells with stained nuclei and on stained fixed whole cells and their nuclei to test if erythrocyte measurements made from blood smears ...
Dorfmueller Helge C HC Division of Molecular Microbiology, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD15EH, - - 2010
Posttranslational modification of metazoan nucleocytoplasmic proteins with N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is essential, dynamic, and inducible and can compete with protein phosphorylation in signal transduction. Inhibitors of O-GlcNAcase, the enzyme removing O-GlcNAc, are useful tools for studying the role of O-GlcNAc in a range of cellular processes. We report the discovery of ...
Simmons Danielle A - - 2011
The posterodorsal preoptic nucleus (PdPN), lateral part of the posterodorsal medial amygdala (MeApd) and medial part of the medial preoptic nucleus (MPNm) are activated at ejaculation in male gerbils as assessed by Fos expression. We sought to immunocytochemically visualize substance P (SP), cholecystokinin (CCK), oxytocin, vasopressin and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), ...
Simen Zhao Boxuan - - 2010
The transcriptional regulatory protein OhrR is converted into a fluorescent bioprobe capable of detecting organic hydroperoxides in living cells with high sensitivity and selectivity.
Jüttner Friedrich - - 2010
β-Cyclocitral is often present in eutrophic waters and is a well known source of airborne and drinking water malodor, but its production and functional ecology are unresolved. This volatile organic compound (VOC) is derived from the catalytic breakdown of β-carotene, and evidence indicates that it is produced by the activation ...
Wells Nathan P - - 2010
We report a method for tracking individual quantum dot (QD) labeled proteins inside of live cells that uses four overlapping confocal volume elements and active feedback once every 5 ms to follow three-dimensional molecular motion. This method has substantial advantages over three-dimensional molecular tracking methods based upon charge-coupled device cameras, ...
Choi Sungmoon S School of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience, Georgia Institute of Technology, 901 Atlantic Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332-0400, - - 2011
Through tailored oligonucleotide scaffolds, Ag nanocluster syntheses have yielded thermally and cell-culture medium stable silver cluster-based emitters. Optimizing ssDNA stability has enabled creation of highly concentrated and spectrally pure nanocluster emitters with strong intracellular emission. Both fixed and live-cell staining become possible, and intracellular delivery is demonstrated both through conjugation ...
Mahato Prasenjit - - 2010
Selective colorimetric detection of ATP in physiological conditions by a Zn(II)-based receptor is reported. This reagent was found to be non-toxic to the living cells and could be used for studying the growth of the yeast cells.
Tanner Kandice K Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California, - - 2010
The ability of a cell to distribute contractile stresses across the extracellular matrix in a spatially heterogeneous fashion underlies many cellular behaviors, including motility and tissue assembly. Here we investigate the biophysical basis of this phenomenon by using femtosecond laser nanosurgery to measure the viscoelastic recoil and cell-shape contributions of ...
Vogel M - - 2010
Biosorption of uranium(VI) by the green alga Chlorella vulgaris was studied at varying uranium concentrations from 5 μM to 1mM, and in the environmentally relevant pH range of 4.4 to 7.0. Living cells bind in a 0.1mM uranium solution at pH 4.4 within 5 min 14.3 ± 5.5 mg U/g ...
Marcsisin Ellen J Swain - - 2010
Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic measurements of individual, live HeLa cells in culture and buffer media are presented. Spectral data were acquired using a newly designed live cell chamber developed in the authors' laboratory. Data were processed using MATLAB-based routines that correct for the overcompensation of water encountered during live ...
Harper Jason C - - 2010
We report a unique approach in which living cells direct their integration into 3D solid-state nanostructures. Yeast cells deposited on a weakly condensed lipid/silica thin film mesophase actively reconstruct the surface to create a fully 3D bio/nano interface, composed of localized lipid bilayers enveloped by a lipid/silica mesophase, through a ...
Fakhrullin Rawil F - - 2010
Green algae are a promising platform for the development of biosensors and bioelectronic devices. Here we report a reliable single-step technique for the functionalisation of living unicellular green algae Chlorella pyrenoidosa with biocompatible 15 nm superparamagnetic nanoparticles stabilised with poly(allylamine hydrochloride). The magnetised algae cells can be manipulated and immobilised using ...
Muirhead Kirsty E A - - 2010
The association of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 10 (HSD10) with β-amyloid in the brain is known to contribute to the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Further, it has been shown that the interaction between the purified HSD10 and β-amyloid inhibits its enzymatic activity. However, to date no system has been developed to enable ...
Moreno-Flores Susana - - 2010
In this work we present a unified method to study the mechanical properties of cells using the atomic force microscope. Stress relaxation and creep compliance measurements permitted us to determine, the relaxation times, the Young moduli and the viscosity of breast cancer cells (MCF-7). The results show that the mechanical ...
Reisewitz Stephanie - - 2010
A modular system for the DNA-directed immobilization of antibodies was applied to capture living cells on microstructured DNA surfaces. It is demonstrated in two different set-ups, static incubation and hydrodynamic flow, that this approach is well suited for specific capture and selection of cells from culture medium. The adhered cells ...
Chi Fru Ernest - - 2011
Bacterial populations conditionally display non-linear dynamic behaviour in bioreactors with steady inputs, which is often attributed to varying habitat conditions or shifting intracellular metabolic activity. However, mathematical modelling has predicted that such dynamics also might simply result from staggered birth, growth, and death events of groups of cells within the ...
Koch Lothar - - 2010
Laser printing based on laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) is a new biofabrication technique for the arrangement of biological materials or living cells in well-defined patterns. In the current study, skin cell lines (fibroblasts/keratinocytes) and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) were chosen for laser printing experiments due to their high potential ...
Ito Yutaka - - 2010
While we appreciate the complexity of the intracellular environment as a general property of every living organism, we collectively lack the appropriate tools to analyze protein structures in a cellular context. In-cell NMR spectroscopy represents a novel biophysical tool to investigate the conformational and functional characteristics of biomolecules at the ...
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