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Jedeszko Christopher C Department of Pharmacology and Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, - - 2008
Proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components by cells is an important metabolic activity as cells grow, remodel, and migrate through the ECM. The ability to analyze ECM degradation can be valuable in the study of developmental processes as well as pathologies, such as cancer. In this unit we describe ...
Wright, Charlie
Confocal scanning laser microscopy and multiphoton microscopy provide 3D data from biological specimens, but with limited z-axis precision. Multiple microscale mirrors can be used to obtain more accurate 3D data on living cells while using classical widefield microscopy. Etched silicon wells coated with aluminum were used to obtain 3D images ...
Carl Philippe - - 2008
Elasticity of living cells is a parameter of increasing importance in cellular physiology, and the atomic force microscope is a suitable instrument to quantitatively measure it. The principle of an elasticity measurement is to physically indent a cell with a probe, to measure the applied force, and to process this ...
Palma Alirio - - 2009
Series of 2-exo-aryl-1,4-epoxy-2,3,4,5-tetrahydronaphtho[1,2-b]azepines 3a-k and cis-2-aryl-4-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetrahydronaphtho[1,2-b]azepines 4a-j were synthesized and evaluated against free and intracellular live forms of Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania chagasi parasites using in vitro assays. Cell toxicity was also analyzed on Vero and THP-1 mammalian cell lines. The compounds 3c, 3f, and 4d were the most active ...
Deretic Vojo - - 2008
Inside the cytoplasm of a living cell, organelles called autophagosomes continually engulf bits of cytoplasm, along with damaged cell parts and invading bacteria and viruses. The "sweepings" are carried to digestive organelles for breakup and recycling. The process is called autophagy. Cell biologists are learning about autophagy in great detail ...
Kempski Helena - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We recently pioneered the ability to directly electrospray and electrospin living cells without compromising their viability. These protocols, now referred to as 'bio-electrosprays' and 'cell electrospinning', are rapidly emerging bio-techniques with a plethora of promising applications within the life sciences, in particular to regenerative and therapeutic medicine. Our studies ...
Bhathena Jasmine - - 2008
FA (ferulic acid) is a well-known phenolic phytochemical present in plant cell walls. Various studies have indicated that FA has many physiological functions in the prevention of chronic disease. It has been shown to play an important chemoprotective role in degenerative diseases. FA also shows strong antioxidant and nitrite-scavenging potential ...
Tsuyama Naohiro - - 2008
The direct molecular analysis of a live single cell viewed under a video-microscope has been developed. The cell contents are sucked into a nano-electrospray tip, and hundreds of peaks of ionic compounds of low molecular weight are detected by nano-ESI Q-TOF mass spectrometry (MS). Cell-specific MS peaks in a single ...
Cato Matthew H - - 2008
In this paper we report the fabrication of a multivalent, cell-type specific and cytoplasmic delivery system based on single-walled carbon nanotubes. The latter were functionalized through adsorption of phospholipids terminated by biotinylated PEG chains functionalized with fluorochrome-coupled neutravidin, and subsequently with antibodies (anti-CD3epsilon and anti-CD28) for T cell receptor post-signaling ...
Reed Jason - - 2008
Cancer and many other diseases are characterized by changes in cell morphology, motion, and mechanical rigidity. However, in live cell cytology, stimulus-induced morphologic changes typically take 10-30 min to detect. Here, we employ live-cell interferometry (LCI) to visualize the rapid response of a whole cell to mechanical stimulation, on a ...
Dudu Veronica V Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of New York, 160 Convent Ave., T-402, New York, NY 10031, - - 2008
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated the multiple advantages of using nanocrystals, such as Quantum dots, for biological imaging. Quantum dots functionalized with biomolecules on their surfaces were shown to be able to bind to specific extracellular targets via specific recognition and to be internalized inside the cells, thereby ...
Darland-Ransom Monica - - 2008
The asymmetrical distribution of phospholipids on the plasma membrane is critical for maintaining cell integrity and physiology and for regulating intracellular signaling and important cellular events such as clearance of apoptotic cells. How phospholipid asymmetry is established and maintained is not fully understood. We report that the Caenorhabditis elegans P-type ...
Shibata Tatsuo - - 2008
Theoretical considerations of stochastic signal transduction in living cells have revealed the gain-fluctuation relation, which provides a theoretical framework to describe quantitatively how noise is generated, amplified and propagated along a signaling cascade in living cells. We chose the chemotactic signaling of bacteria and eukaryotic cells as a typical example ...
Gerde Per - - 2008
The inhalation route provides closer contact between the ambient environment and living cells than the other major routes-of-entry to the body. In addition, the ambient air transporting exogenous agents to the close proximity of living cells can maintain the reactivity of such agents until they deposit in the extracellular lining ...
Li Conggang C Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, - - 2008
In-cell NMR provides a valuable means to assess how macromolecules, with concentrations up to 300 g/L in the cytoplasm, affect the structure and dynamics of proteins at atomic resolution. Here an intrinsically disordered protein, alpha-synuclein (alphaSN), and a globular protein, chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 (CI2) were examined by using in-cell NMR. ...
Kwok Albert - - 2008
This paper reports developments on a hybrid cell-engineering protocol coupling both bio-electrosprays and aerodynamically assisted bio-jets for process-handling living cells. The current work demonstrates the ability to couple these two cell-jetting protocols for handling a wide range of cells for deposition. The post-treated cells are assessed for their viability by ...
Ng Chee Ping CP Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2008
A key factor in gene or drug therapy is the development of carriers that can efficiently reach targeted cells from a distal administration. In many gene/drug delivery studies, results obtained in 2D cultures fail to translate to similar results in vivo. In this work, we developed a perfusable 3D chamber ...
Helmick Lam - - 2008
The ability to monitor the spatial and temporal organization of molecules such as biopolymers within a cell is essential to enable the ability to understand the complexity and dynamics existing in biological processes. However, many limitations currently exist in specifically labeling proteins in living cells. In our study, we incorporate ...
Tünnemann Gisela - - 2008
Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) are useful tools to deliver low-molecular-weight cargoes into cells; however, their mode of uptake is still controversial. The most efficient CPPs belong to the group of arginine-rich peptides, but a systematic assessment of their potential toxicity is lacking. In this study we combined data on the ...
An Feng F Department of Anesthesia, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, - - 2008
Mesothelioma is a malignancy of the mesothelium and current treatments are generally ineffective. One promising area of anticancer drug development is to explore tumor susceptibility to targeted therapy. To achieve efficient, targeted intracellular delivery of therapeutic agents to mesothelioma cells, we selected a naive human single-chain (scFv) phage antibody display ...
Tkaczyk Eric R - - 2008
To detect and quantify multiple distinct populations of cells circulating simultaneously in the blood of living animals, we developed a novel optical system for two-channel, two-photon flow cytometry in vivo. We used this system to investigate the circulation dynamics in live animals of breast cancer cells with low (MCF-7) and ...
Chan James W - - 2008
Currently, a combination of technologies is typically required to assess the malignancy of cancer cells. These methods often lack the specificity and sensitivity necessary for early, accurate diagnosis. Here we demonstrate using clinical samples the application of laser trapping Raman spectroscopy as a novel approach that provides intrinsic biochemical markers ...
Cen Hui H Biotium, Inc., 3423 Investment Blvd., Ste. 8, Hayward, CA 94545, USA. - - 2008
Live-cell detection of intracellular enzyme activity requires that substrates are cell-permeable and that the generated products are easily detected and retained in cells. Our objective was to create a novel fluorogenic substrate that could be used for real-time detection of apoptosis in living cells. We have synthesized a highly cell-permeable ...
Asai Sayaka - - 2008
Methods to study gene expression in live cells over time have been limited. One known method is the luciferase assay, which measures the luminescence of luciferase by coupling its expression to the promoter of a gene under study. This luminescence in cells can be measured over time by a luminometer. ...
Balzano Quirino - - 2008
We describe the design, construction, and operating characteristics of a doubly resonant cylindrical microwave cavity. This cavity has been developed to allow a search for nonlinear RF energy conversion in biological cells. Cells with a diode-like nonlinearity could demodulate a modulated RF carrier wave and generate low frequency signals in ...
Tiewcharoen Supathra - - 2008
The aim of this study is to evaluate cellular interaction between free-living amoebae Naegleria fowleri strains and mammalian target cells in vitro. Two Thai strains of N. fowleri; Khon Kaen strain from the environment and Siriraj strain from the patient's cerebrospinal fluid and the Center of Disease Control VO 3081 ...
Icard-Arcizet Delphine - - 2008
We designed a micromanipulation device that allows the local application of a constant force on living cells, and the measurement of their stiffness. The force is applied through an Arg-Gly-Asp-coated bead adhering on the cell and trapped in optical tweezers controlled by a feedback loop. Epifluorescence observations of green fluorescent ...
Spegel, Christer
This review with 239 references has as its aim to give the reader an introduction to the kinds of methods used for developing microchip based electrode systems as well as to cover the existing literature on electroanalytical systems where microchips play a crucial role for “none-destructive” measurements of processes related ...
Wei Ning - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cell viability is one of the basic properties indicating the physiological state of the cell, thus, it has long been one of the major considerations in biotechnological applications. Conventional methods for extracting information about cell viability usually need reagents to be applied on the targeted cells. These reagent-based techniques ...
Packard Beverly Z - - 2008
The capability of determining the physiologic role(s) of cellular enzymes requires probes with access to all intracellular and extracellular environments. Importantly, reporter molecules must be able to cross not only the plasma membrane but also enter organelles inside live cells without disturbing the physiologic integrity of the system under study. ...
Reynolds Andrew - - 2008
In the nineteenth century protozoology and early cell biology intersected through the nexus of Darwin's theory of evolution. As single-celled organisms, amoebae offered an attractive focus of study for researchers seeking evolutionary relationships between the cells of humans and other animals, and their primitive appearance made them a favourite model ...
Curry Adam C - - 2008
We present a study using plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) to image epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in live cells. Through detailed analysis of the NP scattering spectra, we determine the intracellular refractive index (RI) within attoliter volumes inside of the living cells. Molecular imaging is demonstrated using anti-EGFR labeled gold nanospheres ...
Rosado Aranzazú - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of Akt signaling is considered one of the most promising therapeutic strategies for many cancers. However, rational target-orientated approaches to cell based drug screens for anti-cancer agents have historically been compromised by the notorious absence of suitable control cells. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In order to address this fundamental problem, ...
Renz Malte - - 2008
FRAP (fluorescence recovery after photobleaching) and FCS (fluorescence correlation spectroscopy) are spectroscopic methods for monitoring the dynamic distribution of proteins inside the nucleus of living cells. As an example we report our studies on the intracellular mobility of the actin-binding protein CapG in live breast cancer cells. This Gelsolin-related protein ...
Xiao Zeyu - - 2008
Nucleic acid aptamers have been shown many unique applications as excellent probes in molecular recognition. However, few examples are reported which show that aptamers can be internalized inside living cells for aptamer functional studies and for targeted intracellular delivery. This is mainly due to the limited number of aptamers available ...
Wu Jian-Qiu - - 2008
This chapter describes how a confocal microscope can be treated as a spectrophotometer to measure the absolute number of fluorescent molecules in live cells (Wu and Pollard, 2005).(1) The method provides dynamic range of over three orders of magnitude for counting the number of molecules in a single cell. We ...
Soustelle Laurent - - 2008
Analysis of cell-cell interactions, cell function and cell lineages greatly benefits selective destruction techniques, which, at present, rely on dedicated, high energy, pulsed lasers and are limited to cells that are detectable by conventional microscopy. We present here a high resolution/sensitivity technique based on confocal microscopy and relying on commonly ...
Haugwitz Michael - - 2008
Reporter proteins are valuable tools to monitor promoter activities and characterize signal transduction pathways. Many of the currently available promoter reporters have drawbacks that compromise their performance. Enzyme-based reporter systems using cytosolic luciferases are highly sensitive, but require a cell lysis step that prevents their use in long-term monitoring. By ...
Ersoy Ilker I Department of Computer Science, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, - - 2008
Cell boundary segmentation in live cell image sequences is the first step towards quantitative analysis of cell motion and behavior. The time lapse microscopy imaging produces large volumes of image sequence collections which requires fast and robust automatic segmentation of cell boundaries to utilize further automated tools such as cell ...
Na Sungsoo S Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2008
Mechanotransduction is the process by which living cells sense mechanical forces and then convert them into biochemical signaling. Recently, we showed that mechanical stress is transduced from the cell surface to remote cytoplasmic sites within 0.3 seconds, which is at least 40 to 50 times faster than soluble factor-induced signal ...
Kerppola Tom K TK Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0650, USA. - - 2008
Protein interactions are a fundamental mechanism for the generation of biological regulatory specificity. The study of protein interactions in living cells is of particular significance because the interactions that occur in a particular cell depend on the full complement of proteins present in the cell and the external stimuli that ...
Jahn Ulrike - - 2008
Nanoarchaeum equitans and Ignicoccus hospitalis represent a unique, intimate association of two archaea. Both form a stable coculture which is mandatory for N. equitans but not for the host I. hospitalis. Here, we investigated interactions and mutual influence between these microorganisms. Fermentation studies revealed that during exponential growth only about ...
Dufrêne Yves F - - 2008
The nanoscale surface analysis of microbial cells represents a significant challenge of current microbiology and is critical for developing new biotechnological and biomedical applications. Using atomic force microscopy (AFM) topographic imaging, researchers can visualize the ultrastructure of live cells under physiological conditions and their subtle modifications upon cell growth or ...
Jess Philip R T - - 2007
Early detection of malignant tumours, or their precursor lesions, improves patient outcome. High risk human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly HPV16, infection can lead to the development of uterine cervical neoplasia, and therefore, the identification in clinical samples of the effects of HPV infection may have clinical value. In this report, we ...
Cobb Jessica A - - 2008
A low load tribology technique for studying the effects of friction on living cells was developed. Results show a direct relationship between the coefficient of friction (COF) and the extent of cell damage. The COF, mu, for a glass pin on an intact layer of human corneal epithelial cells is ...
Elsom Jacqueline - - 2008
Recent applications of quartz crystal resonant sensor technology to monitor cell adhesion and specific ligand interaction processes has triggered the development of a new category of quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) based biosensors. In this study human oral epithelial cells (H376) were cultured on quartz sensors and their response to microspheres ...
Vesper Stephen - - 2008
A method is described to discriminate between live and dead cells of the infectious fungi Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus terreus, Mucor racemosus, Rhizopus stolonifer and Paecilomyces variotii. To test the method, conidial suspensions were heat inactivated at 85 degrees C or held at 5 degrees C (controls) for 1 ...
Dusseault Julie - - 2008
Stem cells and immortalized cells have considerable therapeutic potential but present risks of malignant transformation. Cell microencapsulation allows transplantation without immunosuppression. We have developed a method for microencapsulating living cells within covalently cross-linked membranes that are chemically and mechanically extremely resistant. We provide herein direct evidence that these microcapsules can ...
Bradley Mark - - 2008
Intracellular pH in living cells is measured in real time at the single cell level using fluorescently covalently loaded microspheres as efficient carrier systems and stable sensors. The use of these sensors immobilized covalently onto polymeric particles allows analysis of intracellular pH flux over long period of time and eliminates ...
Kemmler Manuel - - 2007
Using a digital holographic microscope setup, it is possible to measure dynamic volume changes in living cells. The cells were investigated time-dependently in transmission mode for different kinds of stimuli affecting their morphology. The measured phase shift was correlated to the cellular optical thickness, and then of the cell volume ...
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