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Kirmizis Dimitrios - - 2010
Atomic force microscope (AFM) has been used incrementally over the last decade in cell biology. Beyond its usefulness in high resolution imaging, AFM also has unique capabilities for probing the viscoelastic properties of living cells in culture and, even more, mapping the spatial distribution of cell mechanical properties, providing thus ...
Huth Johannes - - 2010
Cell motility is a critical parameter in many physiological as well as pathophysiological processes. In time-lapse video microscopy, manual cell tracking remains the most common method of analyzing migratory behavior of cell populations. In addition to being labor-intensive, this method is susceptible to user-dependent errors regarding the selection of "representative" ...
Villaverde Antonio - - 2010
Nanotechnology is increasingly using both materials and nano-objects synthesized by living beings, most of them produced by microbial cells. Emerging technologies and highly integrative approaches (such as 'omics and systems biology), that have been largely proven successful for the production of proteins and secondary metabolites are now expected to become ...
Tuttle Alex H - - 2010
Accurate measurement of cell division is a fundamental challenge in experimental biology that becomes increasingly complex when slowly dividing cells are analyzed. Established methods to detect cell division include direct visualization by continuous microscopy in cell culture, dilution of vital dyes such as carboxyfluorescein di-aetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE), immuno-detection of ...
Trache Andreea - - 2010
To understand the mechanism by which living cells sense mechanical forces, and how they respond and adapt to their environment, a new technology able to investigate cells behavior at sub-cellular level with high spatial and temporal resolution was developed. Thus, an atomic force microscope (AFM) was integrated with total internal ...
Halak Basel B Microelectronics design group, Newcastle University, UK. - - 2010
A cell-based implant is a miniaturized sensor that can be placed inside a biological living cell. This device would be able to interrogate and possibly affect biological functions in vivo. This paper explores the requirements of such a system; it also investigates the changes that need to be brought about ...
Li Wen-Hong WH Departments of Cell Biology and Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2010
Photo-activatable (caged) probes are powerful research tools for biological investigation. The superb maneuverability of a light beam allows researchers to activate caged probes with pinpoint accuracy. Recent developments in caging chemistry and two-photon excitation technique further enhance our capability to perform photo-uncaging with even higher spatial and temporal resolution, offering ...
Vinkenborg Jan L - - 2010
The ability to image the concentration of transition metals in living cells in real time is important for understanding transition metal (TM) homeostasis and its involvement in diseases. Genetically encoded fluorescent sensor proteins are attractive because they do not require cell-invasive procedures, can be targeted to different locations in the ...
Selvaggi Lara - - 2010
Cell mechanical properties play an important role in determining many cellular activities. Passive microrheology techniques, such as Multiple-Particle-Tracking (MPT) give an insight into the structural rearrangements and viscoelastic response of a wide range of materials, in particular soft materials and complex fluids like cell cytoplasm in living cells. The technique ...
Lin Weiying - - 2010
A highly sensitive fluorescent probe with a detection limit of 1.8 x 10(-9) M was constructed and employed to detect benzenethiols in environmental samples and living cells.
Liu Min - - 2010
Shoot apical meristems (SAMs) of higher plants harbor stem-cell niches. The cells of the stem-cell niche are organized into spatial domains of distinct function and cell behaviors. A coordinated interplay between cell growth dynamics and changes in gene expression is critical to ensure stem-cell homeostasis and organ differentiation. Exploring the ...
Boyd A R - - 2010
Raman spectroscopy has been used to determine the chemical composition of materials for over 70 years. Recent spectacular advances in laser and CCD camera technology creating instruments with higher sensitivity and lower cost have initiated a strong resurgence in the technique, ranging from fundamental research to process control methodology. One ...
Yamazoe Hironori - - 2009
Positioning of cells in a desired pattern on a substrate is an important technique for cell-based technologies, including the fundamental investigation of cell functions, tissue-engineering applications, and the fabrication of cell-based biosensors and cell arrays. Recently, the inkjet printing technique was recognized as a promising approach to the creation of ...
Liu Guodong G Key Laboratory of Regenerative Biology, Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China 510663. - - 2009
We report an aptamer-nanoparticle strip biosensor (ANSB) for the rapid, specific, sensitive, and low-cost detection of circulating cancer cells. Known for their high specificity and affinity, aptamers were first selected from live cells by the cell-SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) process. When next combined with the unique ...
Schoen Ingmar - - 2009
It is generally expected that the kinetics of reactions inside living cells differs from the situation in bulk solutions. Macromolecular crowding and specific binding interactions could change the diffusion properties and the availability of free molecules. Their impact on reaction kinetics in the relevant context of living cells is still ...
Yan Xiumin - - 2010
Rho GTPases, including RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42, are key regulators of cell migration in animals. In a recent issue of Nature, two papers present delicate studies on precise roles and spatiotemporal coordination of Rho GTPases in live cells, using either a photoactivatable Rac1 or specific biosensors, together with computational multiplexing ...
Yum Kyungsuk - - 2010
Studying biology in living cells is methodologically challenging but highly beneficial. Recent advances in nanobiotechnology offer exciting new opportunities to address this challenge. The nanoneedle technology, as an emerging technology that uses a cell membrane-penetrating nanoneedle to probe and manipulate biological processes in living cells, is expected to play an ...
Kose Ayse R - - 2009
We present a simple microfluidic platform that uses biocompatible ferrofluids for the controlled manipulation and rapid separation of both microparticles and live cells. This low-cost platform exploits differences in particle size, shape, and elasticity to achieve rapid and efficient separation. Using microspheres, we demonstrate size-based separation with 99% separation efficiency ...
Altan-Bonnet Nihal N Department of Biology, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey, - - 2009
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) is a single-molecule fluorescence technique used to monitor molecular dynamics. It can be applied to living cells expressing fluorescently labeled proteins and lipids to determine the diffusion timescales and the total number of diffusing fluorescent molecules in the cell. A practical step-by-step approach to performing FCS ...
Vinuesa Carola G CG John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, GPO Box 334, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. - - 2009
In germinal centres, somatic hypermutation and B cell selection increase antibody affinity and specificity for the immunizing antigen, but the generation of autoreactive B cells is an inevitable by-product of this process. Here, we review the evidence that aberrant selection of these autoreactive B cells can arise from abnormalities in ...
Ochsenk??hn Michael A - - 2009
The application of gold nanoshells (NS) as a surface-enhanced Raman (SER) platform for intracellular sensing in NIH-3T3 fibroblast cells was studied by using a near-infrared Raman system. To show the feasibility of using these 151 +/- 5 nm sized solution-stable nanoparticles inside living cells, we investigated the uptake, cellular response, ...
Zawko Scott A - - 2010
A living cell microarray consists of an orderly arrangement of cells attached to a solid support such as a glass microscope slide. The chief difficulty of obtaining such arrays is the fabrication of substrates patterned with micro-wells, adhesive spots, or other features to guide orderly cell attachment. Here we report ...
Dmitriev Ruslan I - - 2010
Probing of molecular oxygen in mammalian cells is important for the analysis of mitochondrial function, metabolic responses, and energetic status of the cells. We describe a new panel of intracellular O(2)-sensitive probes based on phosphorescent porphyrin dyes conjugated to cell-penetrating peptides. The probes comprising the uncharged derivatives of Pt(II)-coproporphyrin I ...
Lee Gi-Ja - - 2010
Glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) are centrally located in the glomerulus. MCs control not only glomerular filtration, but also the response to local injury, including cell proliferation and basement membrane remodeling. Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays an important role in kidney function regulation, and participates in the progression of renal damage, ...
Yang Haw - - 2010
Time-dependent single-molecule spectroscopy allows the direct observation of molecular processes in real time, capturing transient and stochastic events that cannot be detected using conventional ensemble-averaged methods. It offers a promising approach to uncovering the physical and chemical transformations underlying cellular responses. Recent advances in the probe development, specific labeling strategies, ...
Li Yongjun - - 2009
Chlorpromazine (CPZ)-induced morphological changes of living human cervical carcinoma cells were investigated by atomic force microscopy in near physiological condition. The results showed that the cell morphology changed visibly with time in the presence of CPZ (>21 microM). The cell membrane shrank gradually and detached finally from the substrate. After ...
Fernandez-Rosas Elisabet - - 2009
During the past decade, diverse types of barcode have been designed in order to track living cells in vivo or in vitro, but none of them offer the possibility to follow an individual cell up to ten or more days. Using silicon microtechnologies a barcode sufficiently small to be introduced ...
Meunier Christophe F - - 2010
Living cells can be considered as a highly efficient molecular engines spatially enclosed, remaining however fragile. By combining cells with silica materials in an appropriate way, novel living hybrid material technologies can be designed. After showing the real interplay between silica species and living organisms in nature, this featuring article ...
Ding Lin - - 2009
A novel, label-free strategy has been developed for facile electrochemical analysis of dynamic glycan expression on living cells, which uses carbon nanohorns to efficiently immobilize lectin for the construction of a recognition interface and enhancing accessibility of cell surface glycan motifs.
Charnley Mirren - - 2009
Microwell arrays have emerged as robust and versatile alternatives to conventional mammalian cell culture substrates. Using standard microfabrication processes, biomaterials surfaces can be topographically patterned to comprise high-density arrays of micron-sized cavities with desirable geometry. Hundreds to thousands of individual cells or cell colonies with controlled size and shape can ...
Harder Nathalie - - 2009
Live-cell imaging allows detailed dynamic cellular phenotyping for cell biology and, in combination with small molecule or drug libraries, for high-content screening. Fully automated analysis of live cell movies has been hampered by the lack of computational approaches that allow tracking and recognition of individual cell fates over time in ...
Ammar David A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two commercially available combination topical ophthalmic medications on human ocular surface cells in vitro. METHODS: Tissue culture plates (96-well) containing immortalized human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells were divided into five groups. The test solutions examined were: timolol ...
Jun Young-wook - - 2009
The use of plasmon coupling in metal nanoparticles has shown great potential for the optical characterization of many biological processes. Recently, we have demonstrated the use of "plasmon rulers" to observe conformational changes of single biomolecules in vitro. Plasmon rulers provide robust signals without photobleaching or blinking. Here, we show ...
Lapotko Dmitri D AV Lykov Heat & Mass Transfer Institute, Minsk 220072, Belarus. - - 2009
This article is focused on the optical generation and detection of photothermal vapor bubbles around plasmonic nanoparticles. We report physical properties of such plasmonic nanobubbles and their biomedical applications as cellular probes. Our experimental studies of gold nanoparticle-generated photothermal bubbles demonstrated the selectivity of photothermal bubble generation, amplification of optical ...
Murtas Giovanni - - 2009
Synthetic Biology approaches can assemble and/or reconstruct cell parts in synthetic compartments. A minimal cell as a model for early living cells can be artificially constructed in the laboratory resuming the main properties of a basic cell living system: a synthetic cell compartment or liposome to host a minimal metabolism ...
Goff Kira L - - 2009
We demonstrate the capability of synchrotron-based Fourier-Transform Infrared spectromicroscopy to detect metabolite formation in single, living cells of the unicellular algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. We show that the high brightness of the source provides a sufficient signal-to-noise ratio to detect small molecular species accumulating in a spot about 15 microm in ...
Lemcke Susanne - - 2010
The androgen dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been reported to protect neuronal cells against dysfunction and apoptosis. Several signaling pathways involved in these effects have been described but little is known about the intracellular trafficking of DHEA. We describe design, synthesis and characterization of DHEA-Bodipy, a novel fluorescent DHEA analog. DHEA-Bodipy proved ...
Yu Shuizi Rachel - - 2009
It is widely accepted that tissue differentiation and morphogenesis in multicellular organisms are regulated by tightly controlled concentration gradients of morphogens. How exactly these gradients are formed, however, remains unclear. Here we show that Fgf8 morphogen gradients in living zebrafish embryos are established and maintained by two essential factors: fast, ...
Hsu Hsan-yin - - 2010
Optoelectronic tweezers (OET), based on light-induced dielectrophoresis, has been shown as a versatile tool for parallel manipulation of micro-particles and cells (P. Y. Chiou, A. T. Ohta and M. C. Wu, Nature, 2005, 436, 370-372). However, the conventional OET device cannot operate in cell culture media or other high-conductivity physiological ...
Cooper Mark Scott - - 2010
We report here that BODIPY 505/515, a green lipophilic fluorescent dye, serves as an excellent vital stain for the oil-containing lipid bodies of live algal cells. BODIPY 505/515 vital staining can be used in combination with fluorescent activated cell sorting to detect and isolate algal cells possessing high lipid content.
Dafik Laila L Department of Chemistry, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, - - 2009
Fluorinated lipids get rapidly internalized into living cells and are also displayed on the cell surface. The uptake of lipids is energy dependent and is likely via the clathrin-mediated endocytic pathway. Fluorinated lipids are 3-5-fold more efficient in acting as molecular transporters of noncovalently bound proteins than their hydrocarbon counterparts. ...
Sverdlov E D - - 2009
This paper formulates some taboos relating to living systems and cognition of these systems: in nature, there exist no two identical living complex multicellular organisms; there is no way to create an exact copy of a multicellular organism; there is no way to obtain two identical clones of a unicellular ...
Winkler Frank - - 2009
Infiltration of cancer cells into normal tissue is a hallmark of malignant gliomas and compromises treatment options. A lack of appropriate models limits the study of this invasion in vivo, which makes it difficult to fully understand its anatomy and the role of dynamic interactions with structures of the normal ...
Bator Tomasz - - 2009
The aim of the research was to determine the influence of strong hypergravity on the Paramecium bursaria-Chlorella sp. symbiotic association, which is considered to be a model example of symbiosis between a heterotroph and an autotroph. The paramecia cells were exposed to 1073 x g, 4293 x g, and 9658 ...
Hur Sung Sik - - 2009
The traction forces exerted by an adherent cell on a substrate have been studied only in the two-dimensions (2D) tangential to substrate surface (Txy). We developed a novel technique to measure the three-dimensional (3D) traction forces exerted by live bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) on polyacrylamide deformable substrate. On 3D ...
F??ldes-Papp Zeno - - 2009
The binding of superquencher molecular beacon (SQMB) probes to human single-stranded cellular miRNA-122 targets was detected in various single live cells with femtosecond laser microscopy. For delivery of the SQMB-probes, 3D-nanoprocessing of single cells with sub-15 femtosecond 85 MHz near-infrared laser pulses was applied. Transient nanopores were formed by focusing ...
Lee So Yeong - - 2009
The development of effective cellular imaging requires a specific labeling method for targeting, tracking, and monitoring cellular/molecular events in the living organism. For this purpose, we studied the cellular uptake of isocyanidefunctionalized silver and gold nanoparticles by surfaceenhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Inside a single mammalian cell, we could monitor the ...
Antczak Christophe - - 2009
Caspases are central to the execution of programmed cell death, and their activation constitutes the biochemical hallmark of apoptosis. In this article, the authors report the successful adaptation of a high-content assay method using the DEVDNucView488 fluorogenic substrate, and for the first time, they show caspase activation in live cells ...
Feng Zhiqin - - 2010
Cytochalasin-D (Cyto-D) and latrunculin-A (Lat-A) are known inhibitors of actin microfilaments and adversely affect the physiological functions of anchorage-dependent cells. Alternatively, doxorubicin (Dox), a chemotherapeutic drug is known to induce apoptosis and cell detachment of tumor cells. However, the intricate interplay between drug administration, cytoskeletal rearrangement and biophysical responses of ...
Nair Kalyani - - 2009
Bioprinting is an emerging technology in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The process consists of simultaneous deposition of cells, biomaterial and/or growth factors under pressure through a micro-scale nozzle. Cell viability can be controlled by varying the parameters like pressure and nozzle diameter. The process itself can ...
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