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Wurm C A - - 2010
Live cell imaging of protein distributions is an essential tool in modern cell biology. It relies on the functional labelling of a host protein with a fluorophore, which may either be a genetically fused fluorescent protein or an organic dye binding to the host protein. The biarsenical-tetracysteine system or 'FlAsH-labelling', ...
Magrassi Raffaella - - 2010
In this work we report the formation of nanostructured hybrid objects, made up of living cells encapsulated in a protective multilayer shell assembly of nanostructured polyelectrolyte. Such constructs can be hosted on nanostructured surfaces or can be installed around living organisms, at the right time. Their construction is based on ...
Chou Leo Y T - - 2011
The ability to target contrast agents and therapeutics inside cells is becoming important as we strive to decipher the complex network of events that occur within living cells and design therapies that can modulate these processes. Nanotechnology researchers have generated a growing list of nanoparticles designed for such applications. These ...
Villa-Bellosta Ricardo - - 2011
In this work we are studying whether calcium phosphate deposition (CPD) during vascular calcification is a passive or a cell-mediated mechanism. Passive CPD was studied in fixed vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), which calcify faster than live cells in the presence of 1.8 mM Ca²(+) and 2 mM P(i). CPD ...
Dultz Elisa - - 2010
In metazoa, new nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) form at two different cell cycle stages: at the end of mitosis concomitant with the reformation of the nuclear envelope and during interphase. However, the mechanisms of these assembly processes may differ. In this study, we apply high resolution live cell microscopy to ...
Wadhawan Tanush - - 2011
Entrapped bacterial cells are widely used in several biotechnological applications. Cell entrapment procedures are known to affect the viability of bacterial cells. To determine the effect of entrapment procedures on viability of bacterial cells, dissolution of the entrapment matrices using chelating agents or heat is required immediately after the entrapment ...
Lee Timothy K TK Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, 318 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, United - - 2010
Single cells in a population often respond differently to perturbations in the environment. Live-cell microscopy has enabled scientists to observe these differences at the single-cell level. Some advantages of live-cell imaging over population-based methods include better time resolution, higher sensitivity, automation, and richer datasets. One specific area where live-cell microscopy ...
Vianay Benoit - - 2010
When spreading onto a protein microlattice living cells spontaneously acquire simple shapes determined by the lattice geometry. This suggests that, on a lattice, living cells' shapes are in thermodynamic metastable states. Using a model at thermodynamic equilibrium we are able to reproduce the observed shapes. We build a phase diagram ...
Seto Daisuke - - 2010
A novel fluorescent probe composed of two moieties, Nile Red and an iminodiacetic acid-Ni(2+) complex, for the detection of histamine in living cells is described. The probe was successfully applied to visualizing histamine in RAW264 cells, representing the first demonstration of the imaging of histamine itself in living cells.
Mitrossilis Démosthène - - 2010
Living cells adapt to the stiffness of their environment. However, cell response to stiffness is mainly thought to be initiated by the deformation of adhesion complexes under applied force. In order to determine whether cell response was triggered by stiffness or force, we have developed a unique method allowing us ...
Elgass Kirstin - - 2010
Background fluorescence derived from subcellular compartments is a major drawback in high-resolution live imaging, especially of plant cells. A novel technique for contrast enhancement of fluorescence images of living cells expressing fluorescent fusion proteins termed fluorescence intensity decay shape analysis microscopy (FIDSAM) has been recently published and is applied here ...
Son Hyunjong - - 2010
A new fluoro-chromogenic chemosensor based on BODIPY-functionalized Fe(3) O(4) @SiO(2) core/shell nanoparticles 1 has been prepared. Chemosensor 1 exhibits a high affinity and selectivity for Pb(2+) over competing metal ions tested. Moreover, confocal microscopy, and flow cytometry experiments established that 1 can be used for detecting Pb(2+) levels within living ...
Misawa Nobuo - - 2010
This paper describes a highly sensitive and selective chemical sensor using living cells (Xenopus laevis oocytes) within a portable fluidic device. We constructed an odorant sensor whose sensitivity is a few parts per billion in solution and can simultaneously distinguish different types of chemicals that have only a slight difference ...
Mirzaei Maryam - - 2010
High resolution live cell microscopy is increasingly used to detect cellular dynamics in response to drugs and chemicals, but it depends on complex and expensive liquid handling devices that have limited its wider adoption. Here, we present a microfluidic perfusion system that is built without using specialized microfabrication infrastructure, simple ...
Walling Maureen A - - 2010
For a better understanding of complex biological processes, it is desirable to simultaneously follow the dynamics of multiple components in living cells or organisms in real time. An encoding scheme was developed that enables the observation of multiple cell populations with single-cell resolution. Specifically, different yeast cell types were labeled ...
Nicholson Daniel J - - 2010
Biological atomism postulates that all life is composed of elementary and indivisible vital units. The activity of a living organism is thus conceived as the result of the activities and interactions of its elementary constituents, each of which individually already exhibits all the attributes proper to life. This paper surveys ...
Orte Angel - - 2010
Two-colour coincidence detection (TCCD) is a form of single-molecule fluorescence developed to sensitively detect and characterize associated biomolecules without any separation, in solution, on the cell membrane and in live cells. In the present short review, we first explain the principles of the method and then describe the application of ...
Wang Ben - - 2010
Unlike eggs and diatoms, most single cells in nature do not have structured shells to provide extensive protection. It is a challenge to artificially confer shell structures on living cells to improve their inherent properties and functions. We discuss four different types of cellular shellizations: man-made hydrogels, sol-gels, polyelectrolytes, and ...
Li Xiaoguang - - 2010
This paper demonstrates a novel strategy for site-selective cell adhesion and in situ cultivation of living cells, integrated with real-time monitoring of cellular small biomolecules based on dual functional protein microarrays. The protein microarrays have been produced on the superhydrophobic|philic Au-TiO2 micropatterns, through further modification of L-cysteine (Cys) and followed ...
Rastogi Anshu - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: All living organisms emit spontaneous ultra-weak photon emission as a result of cellular metabolic processes. Exposure of living organisms to exogenous factors results in oxidative processes and enhancement in ultra-weak photon emission. Here, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), as a strongly oxidizing molecule, was used to induce oxidative processes and enhance ...
Kagiwada Harumi H Research Institute for Cell Engineering, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Central 4, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2010
Previously, we reported that a nanoneedle of 200 nm diameter manipulated by an atomic force microscope apparatus could be inserted into a living cell. The insertion probabilities varied according to cell type. However, the nanoneedle was never successfully inserted into artificial liposomes. In the current study, we found that the ...
Yanase Yuhki Y Department of Dermatology, Programs for Biomedical Research, Division of Molecular Medical Science, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, - - 2010
Real time imaging of living cell activation is an increasing demand in disciplines of life science and medicine. We previously reported that surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors detect large changes of refractive index with living cells, such as mast cells, keratinocyte, human basophils and B-cells activated by biological stimuli. However, ...
Tsai Sheng-Fang - - 2010
The marine oligotrichous ciliate Spirotontonia taiwanica n. sp. isolated from the coastal waters of northeastern Taiwan is reported, using live observation, protargol preparations and molecular data. The new species differs from the most similar, known congener Spirotontonia turbinata in the following features: (1) lower number of buccal membranelles (11-13 vs. ...
Dupres Vincent - - 2010
How cell envelope constituents are spatially organised and how they interact with the environment are key questions in microbiology. Unlike other bioimaging tools, atomic force microscopy (AFM) provides information about the nanoscale surface architecture of living cells and about the localization and interactions of their individual constituents. These past years ...
Schiele Nathan R NR Biomedical Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA. - - 2010
Fabrication of cellular constructs with spatial control of cell location (+/-5 microm) is essential to the advancement of a wide range of applications including tissue engineering, stem cell and cancer research. Precise cell placement, especially of multiple cell types in co- or multi-cultures and in three dimensions, can enable research ...
Kawakami Naoto - - 2010
Since the first applications of two-photon microscopy in immunology 10 years ago, the number of studies using this advanced technology has increased dramatically. The two-photon microscope allows long-term visualization of cell motility in the living tissue with minimal phototoxicity. Using this technique, we examined brain autoantigen-specific T cell behavior in experimental ...
van Ham Tjakko J TJ Cardiovascular Research Center, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2010
Many debilitating diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, involve apoptosis. Several methods have been developed for visualizing apoptotic cells in vitro or in fixed tissues, but few tools are available for visualizing apoptotic cells in live animals. Here we describe a genetically encoded fluorescent reporter protein that labels apoptotic cells in live ...
Yang Wenzhong - - 2010
Monitoring a degranulation process in a live mast cell is a quite important issue in immunology and pharmacology. Because the size of a granule is normally much smaller than the resolution limit of an optical microscope system, there is no direct real-time live cell imaging technique for observing degranulation processes ...
Bertozzi Carolyn - - 2010
Last month, Carolyn Bertozzi became the first woman to win the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)-Lemelson Prize, a $500,000 award that honors midcareer inventors. Bertozzi, a chemical biologist, works to understand how sugars mediate cell-to-cell communication. But she isn't content with just observing the process; her lab at the ...
Qian Wei - - 2010
Novel methods and technologies that could extend and complement the capabilities of the prevailing fluorescence microscope in following the cell cycle under different perturbations are highly desirable in the area of biological and biomedical imaging. We report a newly designed instrument for long-term light scattering live cell imaging based on ...
Guido Isabella - - 2010
The mechanical behavior of a living cell is highly dynamic and constantly adapts to its local environment. Changes in temperature and chemical stimuli, such as pH, may alter the structure of the cell and its mechanical response. Thus, the mechanical properties may serve as an indicator for the cellular state. ...
Louise Meyer Rikke - - 2010
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) holds great potential for studying the nanoscale surface structures of living cells, and to measure their interactions with abiotic surfaces, other cells, or specific biomolecules. However, the application of AFM in microbiology is challenging due to the difficulty of immobilising bacterial cells to a flat surface ...
Yang Yun-Ta - - 2010
Continuous depth-sensing nano-indentation on living, fixed and dehydrated fibroblast cells was performed using a dynamic contact module and vertically measured from a pre-contact state to the glass substrate. The nano-indentation tip-on-cell approaches took advantage of finding a contact surface, followed by obtaining a continuous nano-mechanical profile along the nano-indentation depths. ...
Zhang Run - - 2010
A unique ruthenium(II) complex, bis(2,2'-bipyridine)(4-(3,4-diaminophenoxy)-2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) hexafluorophosphate ([(Ru(bpy)(2)(dabpy)][PF(6)](2)), has been designed and synthesized as a highly sensitive and selective luminescence probe for the imaging of nitric oxide (NO) production in living cells. The complex can specifically react with NO in aqueous buffers under aerobic conditions to yield its triazole derivative with ...
Albertazzi Lorenzo - - 2010
The ability of dendrimers to cross cell membranes is of much interest for their application in drug and gene delivery. Recent studies demonstrate that dendrimers are capable to enter cells by endocytosis, but the intracellular pathway following their internalization remains controversial. In this study we use confocal fluorescence microscopy to ...
Parsa Shabnam - - 2010
Inkjet dispensing is a promising method for patterning cells and biomaterials for tissue engineering applications. In a novel approach, this work uses a biocompatible surfactant to improve the reliability of droplet formation in piezoelectric drop-on-demand inkjet printing of Hep G2 hepatocytes onto hydrogels. During a long printing process, cell aggregation ...
Kahook Malik Y - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of 4 formulations of commercially available prostaglandin analogs (PGAs) on human corneal epithelial cells in vitro. METHODS: The test solutions (PGAs) examined were tafluprost 0.005% with 0.010% benzalkonium chloride (BAK), travoprost 0.004% with 0.015% BAK, travoprost 0.004% with sofZia, and latanoprost 0.005% with 0.020% BAK. ...
Sinha Deepak Kumar - - 2010
We implemented a noninvasive optical method for the fast control of Cre recombinase in single cells of a live zebrafish embryo. Optical uncaging of the caged precursor of a nonendogeneous steroid by one- or two-photon illumination was used to restore Cre activity of the CreER(T2) fusion protein in specific target ...
Bukhari Masroor H Shah - - 2010
An experimental technique and some preliminary observations are reported here for the measurement of electric noise and potentials intrinsic to the physiological function of living cells, using an in vitro yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) model. The design and working of technique is based on a micro-electrode-based sensor working in a ...
Shacham-Diamand Y - - 2010
Whole-cell bio-chips for functional sensing integrate living cells on miniaturized platforms made by micro-system-technologies (MST). The cells are integrated, deposited or immersed in a media which is in contact with the chip. The cells behavior is monitored via electrical, electrochemical or optical methods. In this paper we describe such whole-cell ...
Cherbas Lucy - - 2010
Most commonly used Drosophila cell lines adhere only loosely to the substrate. For some purposes (e.g., time-lapse photography and cytological examination of living cells), it is desirable to fix the growing cells more firmly to the substrate. As described in this protocol, this can be accomplished by treating the substrate ...
Zambon Alexander C - - 2010
Genetic based reporters have distinct advantages over classical immunocytochemical techniques for probing cellular functions. Most importantly, they enable dynamic real-time visualization and quantification of cellular processes in living cells and tissue. This study was conducted to generate a genetic based reporter to label cells that transitioned from the G(0) to ...
Dukhin A S - - 2010
Experimental evidence collected more than 20 years ago in different laboratories suggests that the interactions between live biological cells and micro- and nanoparticles depend on their metabolic state. These experiments were conducted by reputable groups, led by prominent leaders such as H. Pohl of the USA, who was the inventor ...
Yum Kyungsuk K Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2011
Accessing the interior of live cells with minimal intrusiveness for visualizing, probing, and interrogating biological processes has been the ultimate goal of much of the biological experimental development. The recent development and use of the biofunctionalized nanoneedles for local and spatially controlled intracellular delivery brings in exciting new opportunities in ...
Catena Raúl - - 2010
Cell microencapsulation may represent a breakthrough to overcome problems associated with cell therapy. Advances in material biocompatibility and production protocols have put this field close to its clinical application. However, issues such as the possibility of tracking cell-containing microcapsules, monitoring cell viability, and discontinuation of the therapeutic activity when necessary, ...
Draux Florence - - 2010
Raman spectroscopy has proven its potential for the analysis of cell constituents and processes. However, sample preparation methods compatible with clinical practice must be implemented for collection of accurate spectral information. This study aims at assessing, using micro-Raman imaging, the effects of some routinely used fixation methods such as formalin-fixation, ...
Jiang Richard M - - 2010
In this paper, a novel motion-tracking scheme using scale-invariant features is proposed for automatic cell motility analysis in gray-scale microscopic videos, particularly for the live-cell tracking in low-contrast differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy. In the proposed approach, scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) points around live cells in the microscopic image are ...
Taniguchi Akiyoshi - - 2010
Biosensors utilizing live cells have attracted a great deal of attention because of their high specificity and sensitivity to their targets. We established cytotoxic sensor cells that were transfected with GFP plasmids derived from HSP70B' and BTG2 promoters. These sensor cells have significant advantages in both speed and sensitivity for ...
Iino Haruki - - 2010
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are 'supramolecular complexes' on the nuclear envelope assembled from multiple copies of approximately 30 different proteins called nucleoporins (Nups) that provide aqueous channels for nucleocytoplasmic transport during interphase. Although the structural aspects of NPCs have been characterized in detail, NPC formation and its regulation, especially during ...
Byk Gerardo - - 2010
A synthetic "phage-like" system was designed for screening mixtures of small molecules in live cells. The core of the system consists of 2 mum diameter cross-linked monodispersed microspheres bearing a panel of fluorescent tags and peptides or small molecules either directly synthesized or covalently conjugated to the microspheres. The microsphere ...
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