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Results 301 - 350 of 1197
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Wang Chun-Ting - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sodium 4-phenylbutanoate (NaPB) can induce cellular differentiation and cell cycle arrest. However, its potential anticancer properties in hepatocellular carcinoma and influence on normal liver cell are still unclear. We observed the effects of NaPB on growth inhibition, including differentiation and phase growth arrest in normal liver cell line L-02 ...
McDonel Patrick P University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JQ, - - 2009
Gene inactivation studies of mammalian histone and DNA-modifying proteins have demonstrated a role for many such proteins in embryonic development. Post-implantation embryonic lethality implies a role for epigenetic factors in differentiation and in development of specific lineages or tissues. However a handful of chromatin-modifying enzymes have been found to be ...
Villa Olaya - - 2008
We report three cases of acute myeloid leukemia without maturation [AML-M1 subtype according to the French-American-British classification (FAB)] with the presence of MYC oncogene amplification in form of double minutes (dmin) or homogeneously staining region (hsr). Blasts cells showed a particular morphology with extrusion of chromatin material. We observed by ...
Kawamoto Ken K Department of Urology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94121, - - 2008
Secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (sFRP2) is a negative modulator of the Wingless-type (Wnt) signaling pathway, and shown to be inactivated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the molecular mechanism of silencing of sFRP2 is not fully understood. Our study was designed to elucidate the silencing mechanism of sFRP2 in RCC. ...
Sanchez María de la Paz Mde - - 2008
Cell cycle progression depends on a highly regulated series of events of which transcriptional control plays a major role. In addition, during the S-phase not only DNA but chromatin as a whole needs to be faithfully duplicated. Therefore, both nucleosome dynamics as well as local changes in chromatin organization, including ...
Kawasaki Hiroaki - - 2008
Previous studies have led to the isolation of histone H2B with antibacterial properties from an extract of the skin of the Schlegel's green tree frog Rhacophorus schlegelii and it is now demonstrated that the intact peptide is released into norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions. In order to investigate the mechanism of action ...
Chen Tsoching - - 2008
Infrared spectroscopy identifies molecules by detection of vibrational patterns characteristic of molecular bonds. We apply this approach to measure protein acetylation after treatment with histone deacetylase inhibitors. The anticancer activity of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) is ascribed to the hyperacetylation of both core nucleosomal histones and nonhistone proteins critical to ...
Li Lin - - 2008
Histone deacetylase inhibitor sodium butyrate (NaBu) can induce G(0)/G(1) arrest and erythroid differentiation in K562 cells, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are unclear. Here we show that both p18( INK4C ) mRNA and protein levels were upregulated during K562 cell erythroid differentiation induced by NaBu. Moreover, the NaBu ...
Miyanaga Akihiko - - 2008
To ascertain the potential for histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor-based treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we analyzed the antitumor effects of trichostatin A (TSA) and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (vorinostat) in a panel of 16 NSCLC cell lines via 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. TSA and vorinostat both displayed strong antitumor activities ...
de Lumen Ben O - - 2008
Lunasin is a novel cancer preventive peptide whose efficacy against chemical carcinogens and oncogenes has been demonstrated in mammalian cells and a skin cancer mouse model. In contrast, constitutive expression of the lunasin gene in mammalian cells leads to arrest of cell division and cell death. Isolated and characterized in ...
Thomas Tim - - 2008
Acetylation of histone tails is a hallmark of transcriptionally active chromatin. Mof (males absent on the first; also called MYST1 or KAT8) is a member of the MYST family of histone acetyltransferases and was originally discovered as an essential component of the X chromosome dosage compensation system in Drosophila. In ...
Bongiorno-Borbone Lucilla L Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Roma, - - 2008
Cajal Bodies are one of many specialised organelles contained in the eukaryotic cell nucleus, and are involved in a number of functions, including regulation of replication-dependent histone gene transcription. In normal diploid cells their number varies between 0 and 4 depending on the cell cycle phase, although in cancer cell ...
Grummt Ingrid - - 2008
The synthesis of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is carefully tuned to match nutritional conditions. In this issue, Murayama et al. (2008) describe a mechanism that couples the energy status of the cell to heterochromatin formation and silencing of rRNA genes. They show that an altered NAD(+)/NADH ratio in response to glucose ...
Valenzuela-Fernández Agustín - - 2008
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a cytoplasmic enzyme that regulates many important biological processes, including cell migration, immune synapse formation, viral infection, and the degradation of misfolded proteins. HDAC6 deacetylates tubulin, Hsp90 and cortactin, and forms complexes with other partner proteins. Although HDAC6 enzymatic activity seems to be required for ...
Aoto Takahiro - - 2008
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins form two distinct complexes, PRC1 and PRC2, to regulate developmental target genes by maintaining the epigenetic state in cells. PRC2 methylates histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27), and PRC1 then recognizes methyl-H3K27 to form repressive chromatin. However, it remains unknown how PcG proteins maintain stable and ...
Marsoni Silvia - - 2008
It has been widely recognized that histone deacetylases (HDAC) are promising targets in the field of oncology. An impressive body of preclinical research points to the ability of HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) to modulate a wide variety of cellular functions, including cell differentiation, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, cytoskeletal modifications and angiogenesis. ...
Nagai Kaoru - - 2008
Some epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation and histone deacetylation, act as transcriptional repression signals. In this study, we examined whether DNA methylation dependent transcriptional control regulates glial cell growth. Primary cultured mouse cortical glial cells were treated with the DNA methylation inhibitor 5-aza-deoxycytidine (5adC) or the histone deacetylase inhibitor sodium ...
Goren Alon - - 2008
The human beta-globin genes constitute a large chromosomal domain that is developmentally regulated. In nonerythroid cells, these genes replicate late in S phase, while in erythroid cells, replication is early. The replication origin is packaged with acetylated histones in erythroid cells, yet is associated with deacetylated histones in nonerythroid cells. ...
Nagamine Toshihiro - - 2008
Chromatin structure is strictly regulated during the cell cycle. DNA viruses occasionally disturb the spatial organization of the host cell chromatin due to formation of the viral DNA replication compartment. To examine chromatin behavior in baculovirus-infected cells, we constructed recombinant plasmids expressing fluorescent protein-tagged histone H4 molecules and visualized the ...
Grande Maribel - - 2008
The nucleosome assembly protein Nap1 has been implicated in various cellular functions such as histone shuttling into the nucleus, nucleosome assembly, chromatin remodelling, transcriptional control and cell-cycle regulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe nap1 null mutant cells are viable but they showed a delay in the onset of mitosis ...
Erlich Rafael B - - 2009
PURPOSES: Here we investigate if valproic acid (VA) can enhance the efficacy of commonly used therapies for head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and the molecular mechanisms that may be related to its anticancer effects. METHODS: Proliferation and viability of distinct cell types subjected to VA treatment alone or ...
Lee Jaehyouk - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our study was designed to demonstrate that DICKKOPF-1 (DKK-1), encoding a secreted Wnt antagonist, is transcriptionally repressed by epigenetic alterations in cervical carcinoma cell lines. METHODS: Methylation-specific PCR for 8 human cervical cancer cell lines and bisulfite sequencing for 4 cell lines exhibiting significant difference in methylation levels were ...
Walsby Elisabeth - - 2008
Aurora kinases play an essential role in the orchestration of chromosome separation and cytokinesis during mitosis. Small-molecule inhibition of the aurora kinases has been shown to result in inhibition of cell division, phosphorylation of histone H3 and the induction of apoptosis in a number of cell systems. These characteristics have ...
Candelario Jose J Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2008
Mutations in the lamin A/C gene cause the rare genetic disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS). The prevalent mutation results in the production of a mutant lamin A protein with an internal 50 amino acid deletion which causes a cellular aging phenotype characterized by growth defects, limited replicative lifespan, and nuclear ...
Kappes F - - 2008
DEK is a nuclear phosphoprotein implicated in oncogenesis and autoimmunity and a major component of metazoan chromatin. The intracellular cues that control the binding of DEK to DNA and its pleiotropic functions in DNA- and RNA-dependent processes have remained mainly elusive so far. Our recent finding that the phosphorylation status ...
Trubiani Oriana - - 2008
CD38 is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein found mainly on the plasma membrane involved in the metabolism of cADPR and NAADP, two nucleotides with calcium mobilizing activity independent of inositol trisphosphate. Recent data report the presence of CD38 in different cellular compartments raising new questions about its effective role in ...
Ng Ray K - - 2008
Epigenetic modifications influence gene expression pattern and provide a unique signature of a cell differentiation status. Without external stimuli or signalling events, this cell identity remains stable and unlikely to change over many cell divisions. The epigenetic signature of a particular cell fate therefore needs to be replicated faithfully in ...
Ehlers A - - 2008
A unique feature of the tumor cells (Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg (HRS)) of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is the loss of their B-cell phenotype despite their B-cell origin. Several lines of evidence suggest that epigenomic events, especially promoter DNA methylation, are involved in this silencing of many B-cell-associated genes. Here, we show that ...
Sasaki Ko - - 2008
Disturbance of the normal functions of wild-type RUNX1 resulting from chromosomal translocations or gene mutations is one of the major molecular mechanisms in human leukemogenesis. RUNX1-related chimeras generated by the chromosomal translocations repress transcriptional activity of wild-type RUNX1 by recruiting the co-repressor/histone deacetylase complex. Thus, histone deacetylase inhibitors are expected ...
Spurling Colleen C - - 2008
An immunohistochemical analysis of human colorectal adenocarcinomas showed that cancer cells express widely varying levels of HDAC3. The SW480 colon cancer cell line was found to express high levels of HDAC3 compared to other colon cancer cell lines. p21 was poorly induced in SW480 cells relative to the lower HDAC3-expressing ...
Dahl John Arne - - 2008
Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is a powerful technique for studying protein-DNA interactions. Drawbacks of current ChIP assays however are a requirement for large cell numbers, which limits applicability of ChIP to rare cell samples, and/or lengthy procedures with limited applications. There are to date no protocols for fast and parallel ChIPs ...
Eberlin Adrien - - 2008
Condensation of chromatin, mediated in part by posttranslational modifications of histones, is essential for cell division during mitosis. Histone H3 tails are dimethylated on lysine (Kme2) and become phosphorylated on serine (Sp) residues during mitosis. We have explored the possibility that these double modifications are involved in the establishment of ...
Pisetsky David S - - 2008
High-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone nuclear protein that has a dual function. Inside the cell, HMGB1 binds DNA, regulating transcription and determining chromosomal architecture. Outside the cell, HMGB1 can serve as an alarmin to activate the innate system and mediate a wide range of physiological and ...
Kanger Johannes S - - 2008
Magnetic tweezers are widely used for manipulating small magnetic beads inside the cell cytoplasm in order to gain insight into the structural and mechanical properties of the cytoskeleton. Here we discuss the use of magnetic tweezers for the study of nuclear architecture and the mechanical properties of chromatin in living ...
Orciani M - - 2008
Human CD38 antigen is a 42-45 kDa type II transmembrane glycoprotein with a short N-terminal cytoplasmic domain and a long C-terminal extracellular region. It is widely expressed in different cell types including thymocytes, activated T cells, and terminally differentiated B cells (plasma cells) and it is involved in cellular proliferation ...
Dahl John Arne - - 2008
Interactions of proteins with DNA mediate many critical nuclear functions. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is a robust technique for studying protein-DNA interactions. Current ChIP assays, however, either require large cell numbers, which prevent their application to rare cell samples or small-tissue biopsies, or involve lengthy procedures. We describe here a 1-day ...
Takai Noriyuki - - 2008
We investigated the effect of five histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) on the choriocarcinoma cell line, BeWo. BeWo cells were treated with various concentrations of five HDACIs, and their effects on cell growth, cell cycle, apoptosis, and related measurements were investigated. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assays showed that the BeWo choriocarcinoma cell line ...
Andrake Mark D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Integration of retroviral DNA into the host cell genome is an obligatory step in the virus life cycle. In previous reports we identified a sequence (amino acids 201-236) in the linker region between the catalytic core and C-terminal domains of the avian sarcoma virus (ASV) integrase protein that functions ...
Lu Quanyi - - 2008
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a new class of chemotherapeutic agents. Our laboratory has recently reported that phenylhexyl isothiocyanate (PHI), a synthetic isothiocyanate, is an inhibitor of HDAC. In this study we examined whether PHI is a hypomethylating agent and its effects on myeloma cells. RPMI8226, a myeloma cell line, ...
To Kenneth K W - - 2008
ABCG2 is a ubiquitous ATP-binding cassette transmembrane protein that is important in pharmacology and may play a role in stem cell biology and clinical drug resistance. To study the mechanism(s) regulating ABCG2 expression, we used ChIP to investigate the levels of acetylated histone H3, histone deacetylases (HDAC), histone acetyltransferases, and ...
Jacobberger James W JW Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2008
Many epitopes are phosphorylated during mitosis. These epitopes are useful biomarkers for mitotic cells. The most commonly used are MPM-2 and serine 10 of histone H3. Here we investigated the use of an antibody generated against a phospho peptide matching residues 774-788 of the human retinoblastoma protein 1 (Rb) to ...
Heckl Stefan - - 2008
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of 2,4,6-tribromophenyl isocyanate (TBPI) on the cellular and nuclear uptake of the fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled SV 40 T antigen nuclear localization sequence in human LN18 and U373 glioma cells. Therefore, the FITC-labeled nuclear localization sequence (NLS) of the ...
Guerini V - - 2008
We investigated the activity of ITF2357, a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) with antitumor activity, on cells carrying the JAK2(V617F) mutation obtained from polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients as well as the HEL cell line. The clonogenic activity of JAK2(V617F) mutated cells was inhibited by low concentrations ...
Takayama Yuko - - 2008
CENP-A is a centromere-specific histone H3 variant that is essential for kinetochore formation. Here, we report that the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has at least two distinct CENP-A deposition phases across the cell cycle: S and G2. The S phase deposition requires Ams2 GATA factor, which promotes histone gene activation. ...
Susick L - - 2008
Histone (de)acetylases control gene transcription via modification of the chromatin structure. Herein, we investigated potential roles for histone deacetylation (or hypoacetylation) in interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-mediated inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) release in insulin-secreting INS 832/13 (INS) cells. Western blot analysis suggested localization of members of Class 1 ...
Kovács P - - 2007
Histone deacetylases can also influence acetylation of tubulin. In the present experiments, after 60 min of 10 microM trichostatin (TSA) treatment the structure and amount of tubulin and acetylated-tubulin were studied immunocytochemically, by using confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. In TSA-treated Tetrahymena cells deep fibres were never labeled with antibody ...
Acevedo Luis G LG Cell and Molecular Biology Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 95616, - - 2007
The technique of chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is a powerful method for identifying in vivo DNA binding sites of transcription factors and for studying chromatin modifications. Unfortunately, the large number of cells needed for the standard ChIP protocol has hindered the analysis of many biologically interesting cell populations that are difficult ...
Neumann Frank R - - 2007
A long-standing biological question is how a eukaryotic cell controls the size of its nucleus. We report here that in fission yeast, nuclear size is proportional to cell size over a 35-fold range, and use mutants to show that a 16-fold change in nuclear DNA content does not influence the ...
Kuwajima Akiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have anticancer effects. Their effects on expression of cell adhesion molecules might be related to their effects on tumor cell invasion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Murine B16-BL6 cells were treated with the HDAC inhibitors, butyrate or trichostatin A. Melanoma cell invasion of the artificial basement membrane, ...
Pesavento James J - - 2008
Methylation of histone H4 at lysine 20 (K20) has been implicated in transcriptional activation, gene silencing, heterochromatin formation, mitosis, and DNA repair. However, little is known about how this modification is regulated or how it contributes to these diverse processes. Metabolic labeling and top-down mass spectrometry reveal that newly synthesized ...
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