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Dempe Julia S - - 2012
SCOPE: Curcumin (CUR) and its major metabolite hexahydro-CUR were studied in Caco-2 cells and in the Caco-2 Millicell® system in vitro to simulate their in vivo intestinal metabolism and absorption in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analysis of the incubation medium and cell lysate showed that Caco-2 cells reduce CUR to ...
Doege Claudia A - - 2012
Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by using the pluripotency factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc (together referred to as OSKM). iPSC reprogramming erases somatic epigenetic signatures-as typified by DNA methylation or histone modification at silent pluripotency loci-and establishes alternative epigenetic marks of embryonic stem ...
Coppola Stefano S Department of Molecular Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161 Rome, Italy. - - 2012
Three-dimensional single-particle tracking (SPT) was used to calculate the mean square displacement (MSD) and the diffusion coefficients of multicomponent cationic liposome-DNA complexes (lipoplexes) in CHO-K1 living cells. In untreated (NT) control cells, we found that the intracellular lipoplex motion was either directed or Brownian with active transportation being definitely more ...
Sekyrova Petra - - 2012
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) during metastasis is initially a two-step process beginning with delamination of cells from the solid tumor followed by acquisition of a migratory phenotype. Several reports indicate that plasma membrane blebbing, associated with cell division, coincides with cell delamination during developmental EMT. This raises a speculative ...
Léguillier Teddy - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that factors involved in transcription-coupled mRNA processing are important for the maintenance of genome integrity. How these processes are linked and regulated in vivo remains largely unknown. In this study, we addressed in the mouse model the function of Omcg1, which has been shown to participate ...
Sundaram Jaya - - 2012
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to detect Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Enteritidis food-borne bacteria and to distinguish between live and dead cells of both serotypes. Bacteria cells were prepared in 10(8) cfu/mL concentration, and 1 mL of each bacterium was loaded individually on the ZnSe attenuated total reflection ...
Stadelmann Britta - - 2012
In the field of infectious diseases the multifaceted amino acid arginine has reached special attention as substrate for the hosts production of the antimicrobial agent nitric oxide (NO). A variety of infectious organisms interfere with this part of the host immune response by reducing the availability of arginine. This prompted ...
Takahashi Makiko - - 2011
The cardiac progenitor cells for the outflow tract (OFT) reside in the visceral mesoderm and mesodermal core of the pharyngeal region, which are defined as the secondary and anterior heart fields (SHF and AHF), respectively. Using chick embryos, we injected fluorescent-dye into the SHF or AHF at stage 14, and ...
Chapnik Elik E Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, - - 2012
DiGeorge syndrome (DGS), characterized genetically by a deletion within chromosome 22q11.2, is associated with a constellation of congenital heart defects. DiGeorge critical region 8 (Dgcr8), a gene that maps to the common deletion region of DGS, encodes a double stranded RNA-binding protein that is essential for miRNA biogenesis. To address ...
Maeda Takeshi - - 2011
A novel class of near-infrared absorbing squarylium sensitizers with linearly extended π-conjugated structures, which were obtained by Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with stannylcyclobutenediones, has been developed for dye-sensitized solar cells. The cells based on these dyes exhibited a significant spectral response in the near-infrared region over 750 nm in addition to ...
Warren Curtis R CR Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Translational Cancer Research, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717, - - 2011
Variants of unknown significance (VUS) complicate the assignment of risk to new DNA sequence variants found in at-risk populations. This study focused on the poorly studied linker region of the cancer-associated BRCA2 protein encoded by exons twelve through fourteen of BRCA2. To develop a new method to characterize VUS in ...
Jiao Chongjun - - 2011
Two perylene anhydride fused porphyrins 1 and 2 have been synthesized and employed successfully in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). Both compounds showed broad incident monochromatic photon-to-current conversion efficiency spectra covering the entire visible spectral region and even extending into the near-infrared (NIR) region up to 1000 nm, which is impressive ...
Lee Yun Hwa - - 2011
ES cells (embryonic stem cells) derived from the ICM (inner cell mass) of blastocysts are pluripotent and are capable of giving rise to most cell types. The ES cell identity is mainly maintained by the Oct4 (octamer-binding transcription factor 4) and Nanog transcriptional networks. Recently, a tremendous amount of work ...
Zauli Giorgio - - 2011
PURPOSE: To elucidate new molecular mechanisms able to down-regulated the mRNA levels of key oncogenes, such as B-Myb and E2F1, in a therapeutic perspective. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: B-Myb and E2F1 mRNA levels were evaluated in primary B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL, n=10), acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n=5) patient cells, in a ...
Alberio Tiziana - - 2011
T-cells are circulating dopamine-sensitivecells and may mirror, at the peripheral level, biochemical modifications occurring in dopaminergic neurons. The human CD4+ T leukemic Jurkat cell line has been thoroughly used and characterized as a suitable cell model to investigate T-cell signaling and apoptosis. Here, we describe their characterization as a model ...
Pruvot Benoist - - 2011
Zebrafish were proposed as an alternative to mammalian models to assess the efficacy and toxicity of antileukemic drugs. Due to the limited number of transgenic zebrafish leukemia models, we explored human leukemic cell xenograft in zebrafish embryos. Human leukemic cell lines and blast cells sorted from patients with acute myelogenous ...
Ali Dina - - 2011
Background:  APR-246 belongs to a new generation of the compounds that restore normal p53 function in cells with mutated or wild type p53. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of APR-246 alone and in combination with other drugs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Methods:  Primary ...
Nasim Shama - - 2011
Melampomagnolide B has been identified as a new antileukemic sesquiterpene. A biotin-conjugated derivative of melampomagnolide B was designed and synthesized in order to elucidate its mechanism of action. A study of the biochemical interactions of the biotin probe suggests that melampomagnolide B derives its remarkable selectivity for leukemic cells over ...
Rushworth Stuart A - - 2011
Proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib exhibit clinical efficacy in multiple myeloma but studies in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been disappointing to date. The apparent failure in AML likely reflects a lack of biological understanding that might clarify applications of proteosome inhibitors in this disease. Here we show that AML ...
Wojtysiak Dorota - - 2011
The study was performed to determine the structure and steroidogenic activity of granulosa cells derived from the germinal disc region, proximal region and distal region of the largest preovulatory ovarian follicle (F1) of the hen. The study was carried out on 34 Hy-Line Brown egg-laying hens aged 40 weeks. Morphology ...
Niu Xiao-Fang - - 2011
It was reported recently that resveratrol could sensitize a number of cancer cells to the antitumoral effects of some conventional chemotherapy drugs. The current study was designed to investigate whether resveratrol could sensitize leukemic cells to proteasome inhibitors. Leukemic cells were treated with MG132 alone or in combination with resveratrol. ...
Qin Feng-Xian - - 2011
Nucleophosmin (NPM1) is an abundant and ubiquitously expressed phosphoprotein that is known to influence solid tumors progression. However, little is known about the role of NPM1 in leukemia. Here, we knocked down the NPM1 expression by RNA interference to investigate the role of NPM1 in leukemic cells proliferation and apoptosis. ...
Chang Ming-Jin MJ Department of Biochemistry, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, - - 2010
Chimeric oncoproteins resulting from fusion of MLL to a wide variety of partnering proteins cause biologically distinctive and clinically aggressive acute leukemias. However, the mechanism of MLL-mediated leukemic transformation is not fully understood. Dot1, the only known histone H3 lysine 79 (H3K79) methyltransferase, has been shown to interact with multiple ...
Puchi Marcia - - 2010
Recently many authors have reported that cathepsin L can be found in the nucleus of mammalian cells with important functions in cell-cycle progression. In previous research, we have demonstrated that a cysteine protease (SpH-protease) participates in male chromatin remodeling and in cell-cycle progression in sea urchins embryos. The gene that ...
Lee Jennifer J Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, - - 2010
In this and a previous issue of Molecular Cell, Oda et al. (2010), Abbas et al. (2010), and Centore et al. (2010) determined that the H4K20 histone methyltransferase PR-Set7/Set8 is posttranslationally regulated by the PCNA-dependent CRL4(Cdt2) ubiquitin ligase.
Folco H Diego HD Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2010
In this issue of Molecular Cell, Hewawasam et al. (2010) and Ranjitkar et al. (2010) identify and characterize Psh1, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that specifically targets the centromeric histone Cse4 in budding yeast and limits its misincorporation at noncentromeric regions.
Bapat Sharmila A SA National Centre for Cell Science, NCCS Complex, Pune University Campus, Pune, India. - - 2010
"Epigenetic plasticity" refers to the capability of mammalian cells to alter their differentiation status via chromatin remodeling-associated alterations in gene expression. While epigenetic plasticity has been best associated with lineage commitment of embryonic stem cells, recent studies have demonstrated chromatin remodeling even in terminally differentiated normal cells, and advanced-stage melanoma ...
Desiderio Stephen S Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics and Institute for Cell Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21210, United - - 2010
In developing lymphocytes, V(D)J recombination is subject to tight spatial and temporal regulation. An emerging body of evidence indicates that some of these constraints, particularly with respect to locus specificity and cell cycle phase, are enforced by regulatory cues that converge directly on the RAG proteins themselves. Active chromatin is ...
Gerlitz Gabi - - 2011
Chromatin dynamics play a major role in regulating genetic processes. Now, accumulating data suggest that chromatin structure may also affect the mechanical properties of the nucleus and cell migration. Global chromatin organization appears to modulate the shape, the size and the stiffness of the nucleus. Directed-cell migration, which often requires ...
Lopes da Rosa Jessica J Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 947202, - - 2011
Accurate chromosome segregation is dependent on the centromere-specific histone H3 isoform known generally as CenH3, or as Cse4 in budding yeast. Cytological experiments have shown that Cse4 appears at extracentromeric loci in yeast cells deficient for both the CAF-1 and HIR histone H3/H4 deposition complexes, consistent with increased nondisjunction in ...
Shen Zhen - - 2010
Origin recognition complex (ORC) plays critical roles in the initiation of DNA replication and cell-cycle progression. In metazoans, ORC associates with origin DNA during G1 and with heterochromatin in postreplicated cells. However, what regulates the binding of ORC to chromatin is not understood. We have identified a highly conserved, leucine-rich ...
Das Chandra M - - 2010
Etoposide, an inhibitor of topoisomerase II, promotes DNA damage and apoptosis of cancer cells and is a component of standard therapy for neuroblastoma. Resistance to etoposide has been observed in neural tumour cells expressing lower levels of topoisomerase II. In the present study, we have examined the contribution of epigenetic ...
O'Sullivan Roderick J RJ The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Molecular and Cellular Biology Department, La Jolla, California, - - 2010
During replicative aging of primary cells morphological transformations occur, the expression pattern is altered and chromatin changes globally. Here we show that chronic damage signals, probably caused by telomere processing, affect expression of histones and lead to their depletion. We investigated the abundance and cell cycle expression of histones and ...
Joshi M S - - 2011
the rationale of the study was to evaluate the cytological alterations especially micronucleus (MN) and other nuclear anomalies in buccal mucosa cells of chewers to understand the genotoxic and clastogenic potential of chewing mixture (containing areca nut and tobacco as main ingredients). the buccal cytome assay involves the examination of ...
Ackermann Daniel - - 2010
Aldosterone and corticosterone bind to mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid receptors (GR), which, upon ligand binding, are thought to translocate to the cell nucleus to act as transcription factors. Mineralocorticoid selectivity is achieved by the 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2) that inactivates 11β-hydroxy glucocorticoids. High expression levels of 11β-HSD2 characterize the ...
Melcer Shai - - 2010
ESCs (embryonic stem cells), derived from the blastocyst stage embryo, are characterized by an indefinite ability for self-renewal as well as pluripotency, enabling them to differentiate into all cell types of the three germ layers. In the undifferentiated state, ESCs display a global promiscuous transcriptional programme which is restricted gradually ...
Postberg Jan - - 2010
Understanding the evolutionary origin of the nucleus and its compartmentalized architecture provides a huge but, as expected, greatly rewarding challenge in the post-genomic era. We start this chapter with a survey of current hypotheses on the evolutionary origin of the cell nucleus. Thereafter, we provide an overview of evolutionarily conserved ...
Mello Maria Luiza S - - 2011
Lysyl oxidases (LOXs) are enzymes that permit the covalent crosslinking of the component chains of collagen and elastin. These enzymes are present inside the nuclei of certain mammalian cells. Previous studies have proposed LOX binding to histone H1 in vitro, and histone H1 is known to control global chromatin compaction ...
Narayan Pritika J - - 2010
There is increasing demand for automated image analysis of cell nuclei to be fast, objective and informative. Here, we have developed a high content analysis method for quantifying histone acetylation within any given population of cells. To demonstrate the utility of this method we quantified the effect of valproic acid ...
Bergmann Olaf - - 2011
Assays to quantify myocardial renewal rely on the accurate identification of cardiomyocyte nuclei. We previously ¹⁴C birth dated human cardiomyocytes based on the nuclear localization of cTroponins T and I. A recent report by Kajstura et al. suggested that cTroponin I is only localized to the nucleus in a senescent ...
Wang Minchuan - - 2010
PtdIns5P 4-kinases IIalpha and IIbeta are cytosolic and nuclear respectively when transfected into cells, including DT40 cells [Richardson, Wang, Clarke, Patel and Irvine (2007) Cell. Signalling 19, 1309-1314]. In the present study we have genomically tagged both type II PtdIns5P 4-kinase isoforms in DT40 cells. Immunoprecipitation of either isoform from ...
Park In-Hyun - - 2010
Research on somatic cell reprogramming has progressed significantly over the past few decades, from nuclear transfer into frogs' eggs in 1952 to the derivation of human-induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells in the present day. In this article, I review five landmark papers that have laid the foundation for current efforts ...
Marks Paul A PA Sloan-Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Cell Biology and Genetics Program, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2010
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are being developed as a new, targeted class of anticancer drugs. This review focuses on the mechanisms of action of the HDAC inhibitors, which selectively induce cancer cell death. There are 11 zinc-dependent HDACs in humans and the biological roles of these lysine deacetylases are not ...
Blomen V A - - 2011
Even though every cell in a multicellular organism contains the same genes, the differing spatiotemporal expression of these genes determines the eventual phenotype of a cell. This means that each cell type contains a specific epigenetic program that needs to be replicated through cell divisions, along with the genome, in ...
Schmitz Michael H A MH Institute of Biochemistry, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETHZ), Schafmattstrasse 18, CH-8093 Zurich, - - 2010
When vertebrate cells exit mitosis various cellular structures are re-organized to build functional interphase cells. This depends on Cdk1 (cyclin dependent kinase 1) inactivation and subsequent dephosphorylation of its substrates. Members of the protein phosphatase 1 and 2A (PP1 and PP2A) families can dephosphorylate Cdk1 substrates in biochemical extracts during ...
Turner Emma L - - 2010
The anaphase-promoting complex (APC), a large evolutionarily conserved ubiquitin ligase complex, regulates cell cycle progression through mitosis and G(1). Here, we present data suggesting that APC-dependent cell cycle progression relies on a specific set of posttranslational histone-modifying enzymes. Multiple APC subunit mutants were impaired in total and modified histone H3 ...
Lee Hyo-Sang - - 2010
The objective was to determine whether alterations of histone acetylation status in donor cells affected inter-generic SCNT (igSCNT)-cloned embryo development. Leopard cat cells were treated with trichostatin A (TSA; a histone deacetylase inhibitor) for 48 h, and then donor cells were transferred into enucleated oocytes from domestic cats. Compared to ...
Sweet Steve M M - - 2010
We employ a stable isotope strategy wherein both histones and their methylations are labeled in synchronized human cells. This allows us to differentiate between old and new methylations on pre-existing versus newly synthesized histones. The strategy is implemented on K79 methylation in an isoform-specific manner for histones H3.1, H3.2, and ...
Mackeen Mukram M MM Chemistry Research Laboratory and the Oxford Centre for Integrative Systems Biology, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2010
Post-translational modifications on histones are an important mechanism for the regulation of gene expression and are involved in all aspects of cell growth and differentiation, as well as pathological processes including neurodegeneration, autoimmunity, and cancer. A major challenge within the chromatin field is to develop methods for the quantitative analysis ...
Lee J-H - - 2010
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) developed as anti-cancer agents have a high degree of selectivity for killing cancer cells. HDACi induce acetylation of histones and nonhistone proteins, which affect gene expression, cell cycle progression, cell migration, and cell death. The mechanism of the tumor selective action of HDACi is unclear. Here, ...
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