Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1188
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ishida Kazuya - - 2013
  We previously reported that renal function is partly responsible for the interindividual variability of the pharmacokinetics of bisoprolol. The aim of the present study was to examine the variability of bioavailability (F) of bisoprolol in routinely treated Japanese patients and intestinal absorption characteristics of the drug. We first analyzed the ...
Hase Koji - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In epithelial cells, protein sorting mechanisms regulate localization of plasma membrane proteins that generate and maintain cell polarity. The clathrin-adaptor protein (AP) complex AP-1B is expressed specifically in polarized epithelial cells, where it regulates basolateral sorting of membrane proteins. However, little is known about its physiological significance. ...
Kolf-Clauw Martine - - 2013
Enniatins, the most prevalent emerging mycotoxins, represent an emerging food safety issue, because of their common co-occurrence with other fusariotoxins such as trichothecenes co-produced by Fusarium spp on field grains and because of their extensive prevalence in grains. In this study, the intestinal toxicity of enniatin B1 (ENN) alone and ...
Monir M M - - 2013
The influence of restricted feeding on the distribution of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-containing endocrine cells in the chicken small intestine was investigated using immunohistochemical and morphometrical techniques. This study demonstrated that the restricted feeding had an influence on the activity of GLP-1-immunoreactive cells in the chicken small intestine. There were differences ...
McCann C J CJ Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno, NV - - 2013
Loss or disruption of Kit(+) -interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) capable of generating pacemaker activity has been implicated in the development of numerous gastrointestinal motility disorders. We sought to develop a model where ICC could be allotransplanted into intestines naturally devoid of these cells. Enzymatically dispersed cells from the intestinal ...
Rubio Carlos A - - 2013
AIMS: To assess synaptophysin expression in columnar-lined oesophageal mucosa showing either goblet cells, known as intestinal metaplasia, or with accompanying oxyntic glands or pyloric glands. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 159 biopsies, 53 were oesophageal (19 had intestinal metaplasia, 13 oxyntic glands, and 21 pyloric glands), 77 gastric (12 had goblet ...
Yang Yongzhi - - 2013
Although epithelial barrier dysfunction in the gut has been extensively reported in ulcerative colitis (UC), the pathogenesis of this disease is not completely understood. In the present study, we investigated the role of miR-21 in regulating intestinal epithelial barrier function in UC. Colonic biopsies were obtained from 30 chronic UC ...
De Mey Jan R JR CNRS, UMR 7213; Laboratoire de Biophotonique et Pharmacologie; Illkirch, France ; Université de Strasbourg; Strasbourg, - - 2013
The intestinal epithelium constitutes the barrier between the gut lumen and the rest of the body and a very actively renewing cell population. The crypt/villus and crypt/cuff units of the mouse small intestine and colon are its basic functional units. The field is confronted with competing concepts with regard to ...
Castellanos-Gonzalez Alejandro A Infectious Diseases Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA. - - 2013
The study of human intestinal pathogens has been limited by the lack of methods for the long-term culture of primary human intestinal epithelial cells (PECs). The development of infection models with PECs would allow a better understanding of host-parasite interactions. The objective of this study was to develop a novel ...
Torashima Yasuhiro - - 2013
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a morbid and mortal condition characterized in most patients by insufficient intestinal surface area. Current management strategies are inadequate, but tissue-engineered small intestine (TESI) offers a potential therapy. A barrier to translation of TESI is the generation of scalable mucosal surface area to significantly increase ...
Mantani Youhei - - 2013
The relationship between the invasion of indigenous bacteria into intestinal crypts and the proliferation of epithelial cells was histoplanimetrically investigated in the rat ascending colon. Indigenous bacteria preferentially adhered to the intestinal superficial epithelial cells in the mesenterium-attached mucosa (MAM) compared to those in the mesenterium-non-attached mucosa (MNM). Intestinal crypts ...
Liévin-Le Moal Vanessa - - 2013
Some water-borne protozoan parasites induce diseases through their membrane-associated functional structures and virulence factors that hijack the host cellular molecules and signaling pathways leading to structural and functional lesions in the intestinal barrier. In this MicroReview we analyze the insights on the mechanisms of pathogenesis of Entamoeba intestinalis, Giardia, and ...
Fan Zhuoyang - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine whether Vitamin E-TPGS had a function in promoting the secretion of chylomicrons in enterocytes. Therefore, we simulated the human intestinal epithelial cells by Caco-2 cell model to study the effect of Vitamin E-TPGS on the chylomicron secretion in vitro. Meanwhile, Chylomicron flow ...
Roach Gillian G Department of Biology, Clarkson University, 8 Clarkson Ave., Potsdam, NY 13699, - - 2013
The vertebrate intestinal epithelium is renewed continuously from stem cells at the base of the crypt in mammals or base of the fold in fish over the life of the organism. As stem cells divide, newly formed epithelial cells make an initial choice between a secretory or enterocyte fate. This ...
Levin Daniel E - - 2013
Tissue-engineered small intestine (TESI) represents a potential cure for short bowel syndrome (SBS). We previously reported full-thickness intestine formation using an organoid units-on-scaffold approach in rodent and swine models. Transplanted intestinal xenografts have been documented to survive from human fetal tissue but not from postnatal tissue. We now present the ...
Ohrvik Helena - - 2013
Newborns have a higher gastrointestinal uptake of cadmium than adults. In adults, the iron transporters DMT1 and FPN1 are involved in the intestinal absorption of cadmium, while in neonates, the mechanisms for cadmium absorption are unknown. We have investigated possible cadmium transporters in the neonatal intestine by applying a model ...
Yu Yong - - 2013
Loss of the endotoxin tolerance of intestinal epithelium contributes to a number of intestinal diseases. The etiology is not clear. Psychological stress is proposed to compromise the intestinal barrier function. The present study aims to elucidate the role of the stress-derived corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) in breaching the established intestinal ...
Kauffman Amanda L - - 2013
Physiologically relevant sources of absorptive intestinal epithelial cells are crucial for human drug transport studies. Human adenocarcinoma-derived intestinal cell lines, such as Caco-2, offer conveniences of easy culture maintenance and scalability, but do not fully recapitulate in vivo intestinal phenotypes. Additional sources of renewable physiologically relevant human intestinal cells would ...
Lai Chieh-Wen - - 2013
The intestinal mucosa exhibits high turnover rates with a balance of shedding and the migration of epithelial cells to maintain gut barrier function. Systemic diseases such as sepsis and major thermal injury accelerate the rate of cell shedding, subsequent gap formation, and gut barrier dysfunction. However, the detailed changes of ...
Carayol Nathalie - - 2013
As opposed to other invasive pathogens that reside into host cells in a parasitic mode, Shigella, the causative agent of bacillary dysentery, invades the colonic mucosa but does not penetrate further to survive into deeper tissues. Instead, Shigella invades, replicates, and disseminates within the colonic mucosa. Bacterial invasion and spreading ...
Wang Yanbo - - 2013
Nano-selenium (Se), with its high bioavailability and low toxicity, has attracted wide attention for its potential application in the prevention of oxidative damage in animal tissues. However, the effect of nano-Se of different sizes on the intestinal epithelial cells of the crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) is poorly understood. Our ...
Bevins Charles L - - 2013
The intestinal mucosa interfaces with a complex, dense community of microorganisms, including hundreds of species of resident microbiota and many transient microbes entering from food- and water-borne sources. In the small intestine, Paneth cells (specialized secretory epithelial cells) produce abundant quantities of α-defensins and several other antibiotic peptides. Human Paneth ...
Maghsoudlou Panagiotis - - 2013
Successful tissue engineering involves the combination of scaffolds with appropriate cells in vitro or in vivo. Scaffolds may be synthetic, naturally-derived or derived from tissues/organs. The latter are obtained using a technique called decellularization. Decellularization may involve a combination of physical, chemical, and enzymatic methods. The goal of this technique ...
Di Luccia Blanda B Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II-MSA-Via Cinthia, Naples, - - 2013
It is now commonly accepted that the intestinal microbiota plays a crucial role in the gut physiology and homeostasis, and that both qualitative and quantitative alterations in the compositions of the gut flora exert profound effects on the host's intestinal cells. In spite of this, the details of the interaction ...
Li Ming-Yang MY Department of Digestive Endoscopy, Division of South Building, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2013
The ubiquitin editing enzyme A20 plays an important role in maintaining the homeostasis in the body Microbe-derived adjuvants are commonly used in animal models of intestinal allergy. This study aims to investigate the role of cholera toxin-induced A20 suppression in compromising intestinal barrier function. Human intestinal epithelial cells were cultured ...
Hughes Norman Richard - - 2012
AIM: Cholangiocarcinomas display intestinal and pyloric gland metaplasia-cell phenotypes. Those that arise in chronically inflamed (fluke infested) bile ducts more frequently express the intestinal metaplasia-cell phenotype and p53 than sporadic cholangiocarcinomas. We wished to determine if adenocarcinomas of the gallbladder display a similar profile. METHODS: Adenocarcinoma, adenoma, and dysplastic and ...
Cervantes Sara - - 2012
The gastrointestinal tract carries out essential functions for the organism, including the digestion and absorption of nutrients. The cells lining the lumen of the gut tube derive from the endoderm, one of the three germ layers formed during gastrulation. The length of the intestinal tract determines its digestive and absorptive ...
Noah Taeko K - - 2012
The small and large intestines are tubular organs composed of several tissue types. The columnar epithelium that lines the inner surface of the intestines distinguishes the digestive physiology of each region of the intestine and consists of several distinct cell types that are rapidly and continually renewed by intestinal stem ...
Subramanian Veedamali S VS Departments of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2013
Ascorbic acid (AA) is required for normal human health and development. Human intestine expresses two sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters (hSVCT-1 and -2) that mediate cellular AA transport, with hSVCT1 targeting to the apical membrane of polarized epithelia. Studies have shown a role for the Rab8a in the apical membrane targeting ...
Nakashima Ryo - - 2012
Tight junctions contribute to the formation and establishment of intestinal epithelial barriers against microbial infections. However, a variety of enteric pathogens have developed strategies to adhere to and invade epithelial cells and disrupt epithelial integrity. The aim of this study was to ascertain if enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin (STa) ...
Braga-Neto Manuel B MB Clinical Research Unit & Institute of Biomedicine/Center for Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Ceará, - - 2012
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) protease inhibitors (PI) remain a crucial component of highly active therapy (HAART) and recently have been demonstrated to have potent antitumor effect on a wide variety of tumor cell lines. However, discontinuation of therapy is an important issue, which may be related to various side-effects, especially ...
Dempe Julia S - - 2012
SCOPE: Curcumin (CUR) and its major metabolite hexahydro-CUR were studied in Caco-2 cells and in the Caco-2 Millicell® system in vitro to simulate their in vivo intestinal metabolism and absorption in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analysis of the incubation medium and cell lysate showed that Caco-2 cells reduce CUR to ...
Doege Claudia A - - 2012
Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by using the pluripotency factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc (together referred to as OSKM). iPSC reprogramming erases somatic epigenetic signatures-as typified by DNA methylation or histone modification at silent pluripotency loci-and establishes alternative epigenetic marks of embryonic stem ...
Coppola Stefano S Department of Molecular Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161 Rome, Italy. - - 2012
Three-dimensional single-particle tracking (SPT) was used to calculate the mean square displacement (MSD) and the diffusion coefficients of multicomponent cationic liposome-DNA complexes (lipoplexes) in CHO-K1 living cells. In untreated (NT) control cells, we found that the intracellular lipoplex motion was either directed or Brownian with active transportation being definitely more ...
Sekyrova Petra - - 2012
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) during metastasis is initially a two-step process beginning with delamination of cells from the solid tumor followed by acquisition of a migratory phenotype. Several reports indicate that plasma membrane blebbing, associated with cell division, coincides with cell delamination during developmental EMT. This raises a speculative ...
Léguillier Teddy - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that factors involved in transcription-coupled mRNA processing are important for the maintenance of genome integrity. How these processes are linked and regulated in vivo remains largely unknown. In this study, we addressed in the mouse model the function of Omcg1, which has been shown to participate ...
Sundaram Jaya - - 2012
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to detect Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Enteritidis food-borne bacteria and to distinguish between live and dead cells of both serotypes. Bacteria cells were prepared in 10(8) cfu/mL concentration, and 1 mL of each bacterium was loaded individually on the ZnSe attenuated total reflection ...
Stadelmann Britta - - 2012
In the field of infectious diseases the multifaceted amino acid arginine has reached special attention as substrate for the hosts production of the antimicrobial agent nitric oxide (NO). A variety of infectious organisms interfere with this part of the host immune response by reducing the availability of arginine. This prompted ...
Takahashi Makiko - - 2011
The cardiac progenitor cells for the outflow tract (OFT) reside in the visceral mesoderm and mesodermal core of the pharyngeal region, which are defined as the secondary and anterior heart fields (SHF and AHF), respectively. Using chick embryos, we injected fluorescent-dye into the SHF or AHF at stage 14, and ...
Chapnik Elik E Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, - - 2012
DiGeorge syndrome (DGS), characterized genetically by a deletion within chromosome 22q11.2, is associated with a constellation of congenital heart defects. DiGeorge critical region 8 (Dgcr8), a gene that maps to the common deletion region of DGS, encodes a double stranded RNA-binding protein that is essential for miRNA biogenesis. To address ...
Maeda Takeshi - - 2011
A novel class of near-infrared absorbing squarylium sensitizers with linearly extended π-conjugated structures, which were obtained by Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with stannylcyclobutenediones, has been developed for dye-sensitized solar cells. The cells based on these dyes exhibited a significant spectral response in the near-infrared region over 750 nm in addition to ...
Warren Curtis R CR Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Translational Cancer Research, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717, - - 2011
Variants of unknown significance (VUS) complicate the assignment of risk to new DNA sequence variants found in at-risk populations. This study focused on the poorly studied linker region of the cancer-associated BRCA2 protein encoded by exons twelve through fourteen of BRCA2. To develop a new method to characterize VUS in ...
Jiao Chongjun - - 2011
Two perylene anhydride fused porphyrins 1 and 2 have been synthesized and employed successfully in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). Both compounds showed broad incident monochromatic photon-to-current conversion efficiency spectra covering the entire visible spectral region and even extending into the near-infrared (NIR) region up to 1000 nm, which is impressive ...
Lee Yun Hwa - - 2011
ES cells (embryonic stem cells) derived from the ICM (inner cell mass) of blastocysts are pluripotent and are capable of giving rise to most cell types. The ES cell identity is mainly maintained by the Oct4 (octamer-binding transcription factor 4) and Nanog transcriptional networks. Recently, a tremendous amount of work ...
Zauli Giorgio - - 2011
PURPOSE: To elucidate new molecular mechanisms able to down-regulated the mRNA levels of key oncogenes, such as B-Myb and E2F1, in a therapeutic perspective. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: B-Myb and E2F1 mRNA levels were evaluated in primary B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL, n=10), acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n=5) patient cells, in a ...
Alberio Tiziana - - 2011
T-cells are circulating dopamine-sensitivecells and may mirror, at the peripheral level, biochemical modifications occurring in dopaminergic neurons. The human CD4+ T leukemic Jurkat cell line has been thoroughly used and characterized as a suitable cell model to investigate T-cell signaling and apoptosis. Here, we describe their characterization as a model ...
Pruvot Benoist - - 2011
Zebrafish were proposed as an alternative to mammalian models to assess the efficacy and toxicity of antileukemic drugs. Due to the limited number of transgenic zebrafish leukemia models, we explored human leukemic cell xenograft in zebrafish embryos. Human leukemic cell lines and blast cells sorted from patients with acute myelogenous ...
Ali Dina - - 2011
Background:  APR-246 belongs to a new generation of the compounds that restore normal p53 function in cells with mutated or wild type p53. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of APR-246 alone and in combination with other drugs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Methods:  Primary ...
Nasim Shama - - 2011
Melampomagnolide B has been identified as a new antileukemic sesquiterpene. A biotin-conjugated derivative of melampomagnolide B was designed and synthesized in order to elucidate its mechanism of action. A study of the biochemical interactions of the biotin probe suggests that melampomagnolide B derives its remarkable selectivity for leukemic cells over ...
Rushworth Stuart A - - 2011
Proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib exhibit clinical efficacy in multiple myeloma but studies in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been disappointing to date. The apparent failure in AML likely reflects a lack of biological understanding that might clarify applications of proteosome inhibitors in this disease. Here we show that AML ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >