Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 997
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Dupont Sebastien S UMR Procédés Alimentaires et Microbiologiques, Université de Bourgogne/AgroSup Dijon, 1, esplanade Erasme, 21000, Dijon, - - 2014
Yeast cells are well adapted to interfacial habitats, such as the surfaces of soil or plants, where they can resist frequent fluctuations between wet and dry conditions. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is recognized as an anhydrobiotic organism, and it has been the subject of numerous studies that aimed to elucidate this ability. ...
Honda Yohji Y Department of Medicine and Molecular Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
Zoledronic acid (ZOL) is a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate and used to reduce cancer-induced osteolysis. We reported previously that ZOL delayed both the growth and pain progression of bone metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of ZOL on hepatoma cell lines and the molecular ...
Liu Jia J College of Medicine, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266021, China; Institutes of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
Oleanolic acid (OA) has been widely studied because of its pleiotropic therapeutic and preventive effect on various diseases. However, the mechanisms of OA's action are still not clear yet, especially its suppressing effect on transformed cells. In this work, we found that OA induced autophagy in normal tissue-derived cells without ...
Rudin Anna - - 2012
Under normal conditions, the gut microbiota confers health benefits for the host. The microbiota aids in the nutrient processing and contributes to the construction of the intestinal epithelial barrier. Furthermore, animal models demonstrate the importance of stimulation from gut bacteria for a proper maturation of the immune system. In this ...
Araki Yoshio - - 2012
The mechanisms responsible for human inflammatory bowel disease remain poorly understood. The pathogenic factors for dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis, one of the experimental animal colitis models, also remain unknown. Furthermore, detailed studies on DSS metabolism in the gut lumen have not been reported. Therefore, we investigated DSS metabolism in ...
Kim Thae Hyun - - 2012
Adenosine A(3) receptor (A3AR) is coupled to G proteins that are involved in a variety of intracellular signaling pathways and physiological functions. 2-Chloro-N (6)-(3-iodobenzyl) adenosine-5'-N-methylcarboxamide (Cl-IB-MECA), an agonist of A3AR, has been reported to induce cell death in various cancer cells. However, the effect of CI-IB-MECA on glioma cell growth ...
Bentley-Hewitt Kerry L - - 2012
The intestinal mucosa is constantly exposed to a variety of microbial species including commensals and pathogens, the latter leaving the host susceptible to infection. Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are an important part of the first line of defense at mucosal surfaces. Human β-defensins (HBD) are AMP expressed by colonic epithelial cells, ...
Lei Zili Z Developmental Genetics Group, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, 1-3 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, - - 2012
Tight junctions (TJs) connect epithelial cells and form a semipermeable barrier that only allows selective passage of ions and solutes across epithelia. Here we show that mice lacking EpCAM, a putative cell adhesion protein frequently overexpressed in human cancers, manifest intestinal barrier defects and die shortly after birth as a ...
Radwanska Agata - - 2012
Cell migration is a multistep process initiated by extracellular matrix components that leads to cytoskeletal changes and formation of different protrusive structures at the cell periphery. Lumican, a small extracellular matrix leucine-rich proteoglycan, has been shown to inhibit human melanoma cell migration by binding to α2β1 integrin and affecting actin ...
King Jeffrey B - - 2012
A growing body of evidence has implicated CD24, a cell-surface protein, as a marker of colorectal cancer stem cells and target for antitumor therapy, although its presence in normal colonic epithelium has not been fully characterized. Previously, our group showed that CD24-based cell sorting can be used to isolate a ...
Tarleton Mark - - 2012
Cantharidin (1) and norcantharidin (2) display high levels of anticancer activity against a broad range of tumour cell lines. Synthetic manipulation of norcantharidin yields (3S,3aR,4S,7R,7aS)-3-hydroxyhexahydro-4,7-epoxyisobenzofuran-1(3H)-one (3), which also displays a high level of anticancer activity against tumour cells but interestingly, shows selectivity towards HT29 (colon; GI(50) = 14 μM) and SJ-G2 (glioblastoma; GI(50) = 15 μM) ...
El-Salhy Magdy - - 2012
Lymphocytic colitis (LC) can be mistakenly diagnosed as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In a previous study on IBS, some patients showed extremely high colonic chromogranin A cell density. Further examination of these patients showed that they suffered from LC. To investigate whether chromogranin A cell density is increased in LC ...
Cook Michael T - - 2012
The administration of probiotic bacteria as nutraceuticals is an area that has rapidly expanded in recent years, with a global market worth $32.6 billion predicted by 2014. Many of the health promoting claims attributed to these bacteria are dependent on the cells being both viable and sufficiently numerous in the ...
Nagano Yuji - - 2012
Foxp3(+) CD4(+) cells are prominent immune regulatory T (Treg) cells that are most abundant in the intestine. Recent studies have suggested that intestinal Treg cells consist of thymically and extrathymically developed cells that have unique characteristics. A fraction of intestinal Treg cells express T cell receptors that recognize antigens that ...
Groulx Jean-Francois - - 2012
Recently, autophagy has been found to be strongly activated in colon cancer cells, but few studies have addressed the normal colon mucosa. The aim of this study was to characterize autophagy in normal human intestinal cells. We used the expression of LC3-II and BECN1 as well as SQSTM1 as markers ...
Radenkovic Goran - - 2012
At the end of the embryonic period of human development, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are present in the esophagus, stomach, and proximal duodenum, around the inception of the myenteric plexus (MP) ganglia. In the small and large bowel, ICC appear later. The object of the present study was to ...
Yaman M - - 2012
The present study was conducted to clarify the regional distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells secreting serotonin, substance P (SP), cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and neurotensin in the small and large intestine of the mole-rats (Spalax leucodon), by specific immunohistochemical methods. In the small and large intestine ...
Jung Camille - - 2012
Intestinal barrier function requires intricate cooperation between intestinal epithelial cells and immune cells. Enteropathogens are able to invade the intestinal lymphoid tissue known as Peyer's patches (PPs) and disrupt the integrity of the intestinal barrier. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of this process are poorly understood. In mice infected with ...
Wang Rui - - 2012
Signaling through cGMP has emerged as an important regulator of tissue homeostasis in the gastrointestinal tract but the mechanism is not known. Type 2 cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG2) is a major cGMP effector in the gut epithelium and the present studies have tested its importance in the regulation of proliferation ...
Walczak Katarzyna - - 2012
Background: Kynurenic acid (KYNA), a tryptophan metabolite, was found in the mucus of rat small intestine. However, its role in the gastrointestinal tract is still not fully elucidated. Methods: To verify whether KYNA affects cell cycle regulators, the protein expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 Waf1/Cip1 was investigated in colon ...
Andrews Sarah F - - 2012
Transitional and naïve mature peripheral B cells respond very differently to B-cell receptor (BCR) cross-linking. While transitional B cells undergo apoptosis upon BCR engagement, mature B cells survive and proliferate. This differential response correlates with the capacity of mature, but not transitional B cells to transcribe genes that promote cell ...
Arthur Subha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Assimilation of the preferred nutrient of enterocytes is mediated primarily by sodium (Na)-dependent cotransport (NGct) in the intestine. The predominant NGcT in villus cells, B0AT1, is inhibited secondary to a decrease in cotransporter numbers during chronic intestinal inflammation. In contrast, NGcT mediated by SN2 in crypt cells is stimulated ...
Nawalany Kinga - - 2012
Photosensitizing properties of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (p-THPP) functionalized by covalent attachment of one chain of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) with a molecular weight of 350, 2000, or 5000Da (p-THPP-PEG(350), p-THPP-PEG(2000), p-THPP-PEG(5000)) were studied in vitro. Dark and photo cytotoxicity of these photosensitizers delivered in solution or embedded in liposomes were evaluated on two ...
Lundell Anna-Carin - - 2012
Germ-free animal models have demonstrated that commensal bacterial colonization of the intestine induces B cell differentiation and activation. Whether colonization with particular bacterial species or groups is associated with B cell development during early childhood is not known. In a prospective newborn/infant cohort including 65 Swedish children, we examined the ...
Fan Shujun - - 2012
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is central to anion secretion in both the possum and eutherian small intestine. Here, we investigated its role in the possum proximal colon, which has novel transport properties compared with the eutherian proximal colon. Despite considerable CFTR expression, high doses of the CFTR ...
Mello Rodrigo de Oliveira - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure the thickness of the crypts and quantify the number of goblet cells of the colonic mucosa with and without intestinal transit, relating them to exclusion time. METHODS: Sixty Wistar rats were divided into three groups of 20 animals each according to the time of the final operation ...
Benoit Yannick D - - 2012
The crypt-villus axis constitutes the functional unit of the small intestine, where mature absorptive cells are confined to the villi, and stem cells and transit amplifying and differentiating cells are restricted to the crypts. The polycomb group (PcG) proteins repress differentiation and promote self-renewal in embryonic stem cells. PcGs prevent ...
Higashiyama Masaaki - - 2012
HIF-1 is active in hypoxia, such as inflamed mucosa, and HIF-1 in epithelium has been reported to control inflamed mucosa in IBD models. Although T cells play an important role for pathogenesis of IBD, the function of HIF-1 in T cells remains to be elucidated. We aimed to clarify the ...
Petit Constance S V - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cell adhesion is one function regulated by cellular prion protein (PrP(c)), a ubiquitous, glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoprotein. PrP(c) is located in cell-cell junctions and interacts with desmosome proteins in the intestinal epithelium. We investigated its role in intestinal barrier function. METHODS: We analyzed permeability and structure of cell-cell junctions ...
Dallas Matthew R - - 2012
After separating from a primary tumor, metastasizing cells enter the circulatory system and interact with host cells before lodging in secondary organs. Previous studies have implicated the surface glycoproteins CD44 and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in adhesion, migration, and invasion, suggesting that they may influence metastatic progression. To elucidate the role ...
Wang Qun-Ying - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epithelial barrier dysfunction is involved in a number of diseases in the body. The mechanism is to be further understood. The present study aimed to investigate the role of one of the common microbial products, flagellin (FGN), in the induction of intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction. METHODS: We ...
Rothenberg Michael E ME Stanford Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, - - 2012
Paneth cells contribute to the small intestinal niche of Lgr5(+) stem cells. Although the colon also contains Lgr5(+) stem cells, it does not contain Paneth cells. We investigated the existence of colonic Paneth-like cells that have a distinct transcriptional signature and support Lgr5(+) stem cells. We used multicolor fluorescence-activated cell ...
Li Ying-fei YF Department of Gastroenterology and Institute of Gastroenterology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2012
Our group established a method to culture spheres under serum-free culture condition. However, the biological characteristics and the tumorigenicity of spheres are unknown. Here, we demonstrate that sphere cells expressed high levels of the putative colorectal cancer stem cell markers CD133 and CD44. The CD133-positive rates were 13.27 ± 5.62, ...
Tajiri Shota - - 2012
Using lectin histochemistry combined with immunohistochemistry, we recently demonstrated that the principal, clear, and basal cells in the adult mouse epididymis specifically react with UEA-I, MAL-I, and GS-IB lectins, respectively. The present study examined the distribution of the lectin-binding sites for some lectins on the epididymal epithelium during postnatal development. ...
Biswas Swati - - 2012
Previously, stearyl triphenylphosphonium (STPP)-modified liposomes (STPP-L) were reported to target mitochondria. To overcome a non-specific cytotoxicity of STPP-L, we synthesized a novel polyethylene glycol-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE) conjugate with the TPP group attached to the distal end of the PEG block (TPP-PEG-PE). This conjugate was incorporated into the liposomal lipid bilayer, and ...
Happé Hester - - 2012
Planar cell polarity (PCP) is the polarization of cells within the plane of an epithelial cell layer. PCP is important in many tissues in different processes. In the kidney, it is hypothesized to be important in acquiring and maintaining correct tubular diameter. Aberrant PCP has been shown to be involved ...
Capuano Marina - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e29094 in vol. 6.].
Li Qiaozhuan - - 2012
Aims: To investigate the role and mechanism of PARG inhibition of metastatic behavior in colonic carcinoma cells. Methods: We examined the effects of PARG protein knockdown by RNA interference on invasion, migration and matrix adhesion of colon carcinoma cell lines in vitro and using a murine in vivo model of ...
Liovic Mirjana - - 2012
We present the potential of inclusion bodies (IBs) as a protein delivery method for polymeric filamentous proteins. We used as cell factory a strain of E. coli, a conventional host organism, and keratin 14 (K14) as an example of a complex protein. Keratins build the intermediate filament cytoskeleton of all ...
Liu Shuang - - 2012
In our previous study, we detected decreased expression of phospho-Smad1/5/8 and its upstream signaling molecule, bone morphogenetic protein receptor IB subunit (BMPR-IB), in certain glioblastoma tissues, unlike normal brain tissues. In order to clarify the functional roles and mechanism of BMPR-IB in the development of glioblastoma, we studied the effects ...
Yu Tianxin - - 2012
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is a zinc finger transcription factor that plays a vital role in regulating cell lineage differentiation during development and maintaining epithelial homeostasis in the intestine. In normal intestine, KLF4 is predominantly expressed in the differentiated epithelial cells. It has been identified as a tumor suppressor in ...
Carvalho Eunice B - - 2012
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) causes diarrhea, malnutrition and poor growth in children. Human breast milk decreases disease-causing bacteria by supplying nutrients and antimicrobial factors such as lysozyme. Goat milk with and without human lysozyme (HLZ) may improve the repair of intestinal barrier function damage induced by EAEC. This work investigates ...
Cuppoletti John J Department of Molecular & Cellular Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0576, USA. - - 2012
Linaclotide has been proposed as a treatment for the same gastrointestinal indications for which lubiprostone has been approved, chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Stressors damage the epithelial cell barrier and cellular homeostasis leading to loss of these functions. Effects of active linaclotide on repair of barrier ...
De Weirdt Rosemarie R Laboratory of Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET), Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2012
The probiotic effects of Lactobacillus reuteri have been speculated to partly depend on its capacity to produce the antimicrobial substance reuterin during the reduction of glycerol in the gut. In this study, the potential of this process to protect human intestinal epithelial cells against infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ...
Veikkolainen Ville V Department of Medical Biochemistry and Genetics, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 10, FIN-20520 Turku, - - 2012
ErbB4 receptor tyrosine kinase contributes to the development of the heart, the central nervous system, and the lactating mammary gland, but whether it has a role in the development of the kidney epithelium is unknown. Here, we found that expression of Erbb4 isoforms JM-a CYT-1 and JM-a CYT-2 was first ...
Snouber Leila Choucha - - 2011
We have evaluated the influence of the microfluidic environment on renal cell functionality. For that purpose, we performed a time lapse transcriptomic and proteomic analysis in which we compared gene and protein expressions of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells after 24 h and 96 h of culture in both microfluidic biochips ...
Abedin M Joynal - - 2011
Background: Sall1 is a transcription factor that best identifies stem cells present in the mouse embryonic kidney. Mutations in Sall1 gene in mice can lead to dysgenesis of kidney, while in humans it results in the Townes-Brocks syndrome, which is associated with the kidney agenesis. Unlike the embryonic kidney, Sall1 ...
Akilesh Shreeram - - 2011
The specialized epithelial cell of the kidney, the podocyte, has a complex actin-based cytoskeleton. Dynamic regulation of this cytoskeleton is required for efficient barrier function of the kidney. Podocytes are a useful cell type to study the control of the actin cytoskeleton in vivo, because disruption of components of the ...
Fu Leiping L Department of Pharmacology, Weill Cornell Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College (WCMC) of Cornell University, New York, New York, - - 2011
Renal cancers are highly aggressive and clinically challenging, but a transgenic mouse model to promote pathologic studies and therapeutic advances has yet to be established. Here, we report the generation of a transgenic mouse model of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) renal cancer termed the TRACK model (transgenic model of cancer of ...
Sirin Yasemin - - 2012
Notch signalling is a highly conserved cell-cell communication mechanism that regulates development, tissue homeostasis, and repair. Within the kidney, Notch has an important function in orchestrating kidney development. Recent studies indicate that Notch plays a key role in establishing proximal epithelial fate during nephron segmentation as well as the differentiation ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >