Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1003
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Kawasaki Y - - 1999
The effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the contractile tone of Müller cells was investigated. Müller cells, isolated from the retina of chick embryos, were cultured on thin sheets of silicone. S-Nitro-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP), an NO donor, was applied in the presence or the absence of carboxyl phenyltetramethylimidazole oxide (C-PTIO), an ...
Warga R M - - 1998
The dorsal marginal zone of the zebrafish blastula, equivalent to the amphibian Spemann organizer, is destined to become the tissues of the notochord and prechordal plate. Preceding gastrulation in the zebrafish, we find that these future mesendodermal cells acquire a cohesive cell behavior characterized by flattening and maximization of intercellular ...
Kahane N - - 1998
We have shown that a subset of early postmitotic progenitors that originates along the medial part of the epithelial somite gives rise to the primary myotome (Kahane, N., Cinnamon, Y. and Kalcheim, C. (1998). Mech. Dev. 74, 59-73). Because of its postmitotic nature, further myotome expansion must be achieved by ...
Bannerman P G - - 1998
The existence of phenotypic differences within a population of cells provides evidence for discrete stages in cellular differentiation and/or identifies subsets of cells with unique functional properties. The monoclonal antibody HNK-1 has been widely shown to identify subpopulations of cells in the developing nervous system. In this paper we focus ...
Wada N - - 1998
Although regional differences in mesenchymal cell affinity in the limb bud represent positional identity, the molecular basis for cell affinity is poorly understood. We found that treatment of the cell surface with bacterial phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) could change cell affinity in culture. When PI-PLC was added to the culture ...
Kosher R A - - 1998
Syndecan-3 is a member of a family of heparan sulfate proteoglycans that function as extracellular matrix receptors and as co-receptors for growth factors and signalling molecules. A variety of studies indicate that syndecan-3 is involved in several aspects of limb morphogenesis and skeletal development. Syndecan-3 participates in limb outgrowth and ...
Wezeman F H - - 1998
Hyaline cartilage is archetypic for the appendicular skeleton and the vertebral column. It arises from pluirpotential mesenchymal ancestor cells that remain morphologically undifferentiated prior to a localized cell aggregation in specific regions destined to undergo chondrogenesis. The critical ultrastructural studies of limb bud mesenchymal differentiation prior to, during, and after ...
Jüngel-Waas K - - 1998
The question of regeneration after experimental somite extirpation has been controversial in the literature. While all workers agree that repair of the defects occurs, results concerning the extent and mechanism of this process, as well as the origin of the cells filling the defect, show great discrepancies. Our approach towards ...
Macías D - - 1998
Cardiac morphogenesis involves substantial remodeling processes that include cell transdifferentiation and migration. The c-ets-1 protooncogene codes for a transcription factor that can transactivate a number of genes involved in developmental processes such as degradation of extracellular matrices and cell migration. We have immunolocated the ets-1 protein in the heart of ...
Forsberg H - - 1998
During somitogenesis, cells are recruited to the caudal presomitic mesoderm (PSM) from the primitive streak (and later the tail bud), while somites separate from the rostral end as epithelial cubes. This is a regular process, one somite forming every 2 hours in the mouse, that can be simulated by clock ...
Pérez-Pomares J M - - 1998
The earliest evidence of the development of the cardiac vessels in mammals is the emergence of subepicardial blood islands, which are thought to originate from mesenchymal progenitors. In order to identify these progenitor cells, we have studied the immunohistochemical localization in the heart of Syrian hamster embryos of the type ...
Sato-Maeda M - - 1998
In chick limb buds, mesenchymal cells of the progress zone (PZ-cells) at different developmental stages segregate one from the other in mixed cell cultures, suggesting they have different cell affinity. In order to learn the possible roles of such differences in the cells, two heterotypic leg PZ-cell populations (cells from ...
Pérez-Pomares J M - - 1998
It has been proposed that the subepicardial mesenchymal cells (SEMC) originate from the primitive epicardium and also from migration of extracardiac mesenchyme from the liver area. We have studied the possibility of an origin of SEMC through transformation of the proepicardial mesothelium, as well as the potential of the early ...
Wang K C - - 1998
For the cytokinetic studies using spinal cords of chick embryos, chronological patterns of cell proliferation and programmed cell death (apoptosis) should be known. Information in the early stages of chick embryos is available while data on later stages are seldom available. To investigate the chronological patterns of cell proliferation and ...
Ide H - - 1998
A fundamental process in limb bud development is the formation of position-dependent cartilage pattern. Cells of the distal mesenchyme maintain positional values as the expression pattern of transcription factors, for example, hox genes, which induce position-related cell differentiation and cell surface differences. Cultured, dissociated limb bud mesenchymal cells segregate from ...
Dockter J L - - 1998
When the somite first forms the cells appear to be equivalent in potential. In order to understand the lineage diversification of the somite, the determination of sclerotome cells to the cartilage fate was tested using an in vivo challenge assay in which quail sclerotome fragments were grafted into a dorsal ...
Kahane N - - 1998
The ontogeny of the myotome was investigated using [3H]thymidine or Brdu treatment in conjunction with 1,1', di-octadecyl-3, 3, 3', 3',-tetramethylindo-carbocyanine perchlorate (DiI) labeling and expression of specific markers. We have identified a subset of early post-mitotic cells that is present in the dorsomedial aspect of epithelial somites and is homogeneously ...
Park I S - - 1998
In an attempt to understand cell kinetics of open neural tube defects (ONTDs) in the embryonic stages, chronological changes of cell proliferation and cell death patterns in the surgically induced spinal ONTDs of chick embryos were investigated using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate ...
Sherman L - - 1998
Signals from the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) of the developing vertebrate limb, including fibroblast growth factor-8 (FGF-8), can maintain limb mesenchymal cells in a proliferative state. We report here that a specific CD44 splice variant is crucial for the proliferation of these mesenchymal cells. Epitopes carried by this variant colocalize ...
van Gestel W J - - 1998
This paper describes an ultrastructural study of the cell movements during the gastrulation of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, using scanning electron microscopy. The morphology of the deep cells was studied in several consecutive stages ranging from 0-100% epiboly. Furthermore, the formation of the embryonic shield was followed from its ...
Grupp C - - 1998
To further characterize cells of the lower portion of the thin limb of Henle (TLH1p) under defined conditions in vitro, we developed a technique to enrich this cell population in suspension. TLH1p cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion of rat inner medulla, elimination of collecting ducts by lectin-coated beads, and ...
Waldrip W R - - 1998
Smad proteins transmit TGFbeta signals from the cell surface to the nucleus. Here we analyze Smad2 mutant embryos created using ES cell technology. Smad2 function is not required for mesoderm production per se, but, rather unexpectedly, in the absence of Smad2 the entire epiblast adopts a mesodermal fate giving rise ...
Moore L A - - 1998
During gastrulation, the Drosophila mesoderm invaginates and forms a single cell layer in close juxtaposition to the overlying ectoderm. Subsequently, particular cell types within the mesoderm are specified along the anteroposterior and dorsoventral axes. The exact developmental pathways that guide the specification of different cell types within the mesoderm are ...
Gajović S - - 1998
In order to test the developmental potential of the mouse embryonic-stem-cell-derived embryoid bodies as chorioallantoic grafts, the embryoid bodies were transplanted to the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of the chick embryo. The graft implantation was achieved if the embryoid bodies were transferred to the CAM into the blood drop created by ...
Serbedzija G N - - 1998
In many vertebrates, removal of early embryonic heart precursors can be repaired, leaving the heart and embryo without visible deficit. One possibility is that this 'regulation' involves a cell fate switch whereby cells, perhaps in regions surrounding normal progenitors, are redirected to the heart cell fate. However, the lineage and ...
Ioana GABOREANU
The paper deals with the microscopic study of the leaves epiderm in Lathyrus latifolius L. and Lathyrus odoratus L. The transversal section through the foliar limb shows slight differences between the two faces of the limb and a weak development and differentiation of the mesophyll. The epidermic cells have rectangular ...
Zahavi N - - 1998
Localized zones of high cell proliferation have been thought to be important in determining several phases of axis formation at early stages of chick development. It was suggested that a developmental center, a center of cellular activity such as proliferation and movement, is located in the posterior half of the ...
Gasparian G - - 1998
There is no cell proliferation in very sparcely plated chick embryo cell cultures. Substituting conditioned medium or adding of ethanol-fixed homologous cells to the cultures accelerates cell colony growth. The mechanism for the mitogenic action of fixed cells is considered to be the contact stimulation of cell proliferation, and addition ...
Dupin E - - 1998
The avian embryo is a model in which techniques of experimental embryology and cellular and molecular biology can converge to address fundamental questions of development biology. The first part of the chapter describes two examples of transplantation and cell labeling experiments performed in ovo. Thanks to the distinctive histologic and ...
Williams B A - - 1997
Myotome and sclerotome precursor cells are derived, respectively, from cells in the dorsomedial and ventromedial regions of the somite. To assay changes in the specification of myotomal precursor cells during somite maturation, we implanted dorsomedial quadrant fragments, from staged quail somites, next to the notochords of host chick embryos, and ...
Wilson V - - 1997
A characteristic abnormality of chimeras composed of wildtype and T/T (Brachyury) mutant embryonic stem cells is the aggregation and accumulation of mutant cells in the primitive streak and its descendant, the tail bud (V. Wilson, L. Manson, W. C. Skarnes, and R. S. P. Beddington (1995). Development 121, 877-886). To ...
Shah S B - - 1997
In the chick embryo, the primitive streak is the first axial structure to develop. The initiation of primitive streak formation in the posterior area pellucida is influenced by the adjacent posterior marginal zone (PMZ). We show here that chick Vg1 (cVg1), a member of the TGFbeta family of signalling molecules ...
Eisenberg C A - - 1997
During the early stages of embryogenesis, the mesoderm gives rise to cells of the cardiovascular system which include cardiac myocytes and vascular endothelial and red blood cells. We have investigated the development of these cell phenotypes using aggregate cultures of avian blastoderm cells, which replicated mesodermal cell diversification. The cell ...
Kostakopoulou K - - 1997
Urodele amphibians are the only vertebrates that can regenerate amputated limbs, even as adults. However, we have previously shown that amputated chick wing bud stumps can be induced to ((regenerate)) and to form a complete set of correctly-patterned skeletal elements, following implantation of beads soaked in fibroblast growth factor-4 (FGF-4). ...
Golden J A - - 1997
We previously reported that retrovirally marked clones in the mature chick diencephalon were widely dispersed in the mediolateral, dorsoventral and rostrocaudal planes. The current study was undertaken to define the migration routes that led to the dispersion. Embryos were infected between stages 10 and 14 with a retroviral stock encoding ...
Fuhrmann S - - 1997
In this study we describe a large-scale screening cell ELISA protocol which is suitable for the characterization of exogenic factor effects in mixed central nervous system (CNS) culture. The main novelty of the assay is that it permits the measurement of cellular responses in populations comprising as little as 2-4% ...
Downs K M - - 1997
The murine allantois is the future umbilical component of the placenta. The base of the allantois is also thought to contain the future germ line. We have examined the fate and developmental potency of cells within the murine allantois during gastrulation. lacZ-expressing headfold-stage allantoises (approximately 8.0 days postcoitum; dpc) were ...
Tam P P - - 1997
The cardiogenic potency of cells in the epiblast of the early primitive-streak stage (early PS) embryo was tested by heterotopic transplantation. The results of this study show that cells in the anterior and posterior epiblast of the early PS-stage embryos have similar cardiogenic potency, and that they differentiated to heart ...
Moreno-Rodriguez R A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: We investigated potential early asymmetries in the distribution of mesenchymal cells within the inferior and superior AV cushions in the developing chick heart. METHODS: Chick embryos stages 16-20 HH were fixed, embedded in polyacrylamide, and the cell nuclei stained with propidium iodide. Cells counts were determined within the cardiac ...
Stringa E - - 1997
Specific binding to the lectin, peanut agglutinin (PNA), has been reported in embryonic precartilage tissues, including the condensing limb bud blastema and the caudal half of the developing somite. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that PNA-binding may be a surface characteristic of chondroprogenitor cells residing within noncartilage ...
Vargesson N - - 1997
We have produced detailed fate maps for mesenchyme and apical ridge of a stage 20 chick wing bud. The fate maps of the mesenchyme show that most of the wing arises from the posterior half of the bud. Subapical mesenchyme gives rise to digits. Cell populations beneath the ridge in ...
Brockes J P - - 1997
The ability to regenerate complex structures is widespread in metazoan phylogeny, but among vertebrates the urodele amphibians are exceptional. Adult urodeles can regenerate their limbs by local formation of a mesenchymal growth zone or blastema. The generation of blastemal cells depends not only on the local extracellular environment after amputation ...
Peterka M - - 1997
Hypoplasia of the medial nasal process has been reported in chick embryos on embryonic day (ED) 5, 24 h after their exposure to hydrocortisone (HC). As a result, the cleft beak occurs in 80-100% of specimens on ED 9. In order to analyze its influence on cell proliferation, HC was ...
Kanatsu M - - 1997
During mammalian gastrulation, posterior part of primitive ectoderm differentiates into subsets of mesoderm cells, the most proximal portion of which subsequently gives rise to vascular endothelial cells and hematopoietic cells. To analyze this process in which the potency of multipotent epiblast cells is restricted progressively into hematopoietic cell lineages, we ...
Löfberg J - - 1997
The hypochord of the axolotl embryo is first visible at an early tailbud stage, forming a rod-like structure, situated immediately under the notochord. A profusion of extracellular matrix fibrils is attached to the dorsolateral regions of the hypochord, linking it with the somites. A basal lamina develops around the hypochord, ...
Laufer E - - 1997
The apical ectodermal ridge of the vertebrate limb bud lies at the junction of the dorsal and ventral ectoderm and directs patterning of the growing limb. Its formation is directed by the boundary between cells that do and cells that do not express the gene Radical fringe. This is similar ...
Sanders E J - - 1997
We have examined the distribution of cells at an early stage of the cell death process in gastrulating chick and mouse embryos, using a DNA nick end-labelling technique to label nuclei that are undergoing DNA fragmentation in situ. In the chick embryo, the incidence of nuclei showing DNA fragmentation was ...
Kanki J P - - 1997
In order to understand the developmental mechanisms of posterior body formation in the zebrafish, a fate map of the zebrafish tailbud was generated along with a detailed analysis of tailbud cell movements. The fate map of the zebrafish tailbud shows that it contains tissue-restricted domains and is not a homogeneous ...
Dvorák P - - 1997
Several peptide growth factors, including members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) superfamily, are potential inducers of mesoderm in vertebrates. Receptor binding of basic FGF (FGF-2) is promoted by cell surface or extracellular matrix proteoglycans. The substantial biosynthesis of proteoglycans by embryonic cells (called embryoglycans) and their potential role as ...
Rahman M M - - 1997
We have investigated the expression and the localization of annexin V and annexin VI during the development of rat fetal limb buds by immunoblot and immunocytochemical analysis. Neither annexin V nor annexin VI was detectable in undifferentiated mesenchymal cells in limb buds of the day-13-day-16 rat fetus. Skeletal muscles, whose ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >