Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1021
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Lawson Aaron - - 2003
Gastrulation is characterized by the extensive movements of cells. Fate mapping is used to follow such cell movements as they occur over time, and prospective fate maps have been constructed for several stages of the model organisms used in modern studies in developmental biology. In chick embryos, detailed fate maps ...
Tahinci Emilios - - 2003
We have undertaken the first detailed analysis of Rho GTPase function during vertebrate development by analyzing how RhoA and Rac1 control convergent extension of axial mesoderm during Xenopus gastrulation. Monitoring of a number of parameters in time-lapse recordings of mesoderm explants revealed that Rac and Rho have both distinct and ...
González-Morán Genoveva - - 2003
The effects of Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing hormone (LH) on progesterone receptor (PR) isoforms presence in different cell populations from the oviduct magnum of newly-hatched chicks treated in vivo on days 13, 15 and 17 of embryonic development, were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. We found that FSH promoted cytodifferentiation of ...
Alvarez Alejandra D - - 2003
The Drosophila heart consists of two major cell types: cardioblasts, which form the contractile tube of the heart; and pericardial cells, which flank the cardioblasts and are thought to filter and detoxify the blood or hemolymph of the fly. We present the completion of the entire cell lineage of all ...
Sugi Yukiko - - 2003
While much has been learned about how endothelial cells transform to mesenchyme during cardiac cushion formation, there remain fundamental questions about the developmental fate of cushions. In the present work, we focus on the growth and development of cushion mesenchyme. We hypothesize that proliferative expansion and distal elongation of cushion ...
Heringová L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cyclophosphamide (CP) embryotoxicity was documented in several studies on different experimental models. We investigate quantitatively the relationship between the embryotoxic effect of CP and the disturbance of the cell-cycle using flow cytometry. METHODS: Chick embryos on Days 2-4 were treated with 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 microg ...
Kwan Kristen M - - 2003
During Xenopus gastrulation, the dorsal mesoderm exhibits two different cell behaviors in two different regions: active cell migration of prechordal mesoderm and convergent extension of chordamesoderm. Although many genes involved in specification and differentiation of the dorsal mesoderm have been studied, the role of these genes in controlling cell behaviors ...
Woo G H - - 2003
Hydroxyurea (HU), a ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor, induces morphological anomalies in the central nervous system (CNS), craniofacial tissues and limb buds in animals, and neonatal respiratory distress in humans. In the present study, pregnant mice were treated with 400 mg/kg of HU at day 13 of gestation, and their fetuses were ...
Dusek Z - - 2003
1. Chick embryo in ovo was used to investigate the effects of 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE) on haematopoiesis at a developmental stage where the primitive erythroid cells divide and differentiate in circulation. 2. Early after DBE treatment on embryonic day 3, annexin V/propidium iodide labelling showed acute cell death of erythroid elements, ...
Evans Darrell J R - - 2003
The traditional view that all parts of the ribs originate from the sclerotome of the thoracic somites has recently been challenged by an alternative view suggesting that only the proximal rib derives from the sclerotome, while the distal rib arises from regions of the dermomyotome. In view of this continuing ...
Smits Patrick - - 2003
The notochord has major roles in vertebral column formation: indirectly by inducing sclerotome cell differentiation; and directly by forming the nucleus pulposus of intervertebral discs. Sox5 and Sox6 encode Sry-related HMG box transcription factors that act redundantly to promote chondroblast differentiation in all cartilages of the mouse embryo. We show ...
Nowicki Julie L - - 2003
Patterning events along the anterior-posterior (AP) axis of vertebrate embryos result in the distribution of muscle and bone forming a highly effective functional system. A key aspect of regionalized AP patterning results from variation in the migratory pattern of somite cells along the dorsal-ventral (DV) axis of the body. This ...
Oldfield Sarah F - - 2003
The differentiation and patterning of tendon fibroblasts is at present a poorly understood aspect of musculoskeletal development in the vertebrate limb. Precursors of tendon fibroblasts originate in the somatic mesoderm adjacent to the early limb bud and gradually become incorporated into the limb mesenchyme as development proceeds. It is unclear ...
Maden Malcolm - - 2002
In the regenerating amphibian limb, positional information has traditionally been considered in terms of short-range cell-cell interactions, not long-range diffusion gradients. A molecule discovered in a differential screen of regenerating limbs turns out to be precisely such a cell surface component, the newt ortholog of mouse CD59.
Kulesa Paul M - - 2002
We follow somite segmentation in living chick embryos and find that the shaping process is not a simple periodic slicing of tissue blocks but a much more carefully choreographed separation in which the somite pulls apart from the segmental plate. Cells move across the presumptive somite boundary and violate gene ...
Yokoyama Hitoshi - - 2002
We previously showed that recombinant limb buds with dissociated and reaggregated mesenchyme develop more than 30 digits in Xenopus laevis, which exhibits different capacities for limb regeneration at different developmental stages (Yokoyama et al. [1998] Dev Biol 196:1-10). Cell-cell contact among anterior- and posterior-derived mesenchymal cells is required for anteroposterior ...
Wood Emily - - 2002
We report here that induction of ectoATPase by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is cell-type specific and not a generalized response to aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor activation. TCDD increased [14C]-ATP and -ADP metabolism in two mouse hepatoma lines, Hepa1c1c7 and Hepa1-6 cells, but not in human hepatoma HepG2 or HuH-7 cells, human umbilical ...
Omi Minoru - - 2002
To examine the role of position-specific differences in cell-cell affinity, recombinant limb buds composed of dissociated and reaggregated cells derived from anterior (A) and posterior (P) limb bud fragments were analyzed. Dissociated anterior and/or posterior cells were differentially labeled, and their behavior was analyzed during recombinant limb bud outgrowth. We ...
da Silva Sara Morais - - 2002
The proximodistal identity of a newt limb regeneration blastema is respecified by exposure to retinoic acid, but its molecular basis is unclear. We identified from a differential screen the cDNA for Prod 1, a gene whose expression in normal and regenerating limbs is regulated by proximodistal location and retinoic acid: ...
Yang Xuesong - - 2002
During gastrulation in amniotes, epiblast cells ingress through the primitive streak and migrate away to form endodermal, mesodermal, and extraembryonic structures. Here we analyze the detailed movement trajectories of cells emerging at different anterior-posterior positions from the primitive streak, using in vivo imaging of the movement of GFP-tagged streak cells. ...
Goldstein Ronald S - - 2002
Human embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells that can differentiate into a large array of cell types and, thus, hold promise for advancing our understanding of human embryology and for contributing to transplantation medicine. In this study, differentiation of human ES cells was examined in vivo by in ovo ...
Dudley Andrew T - - 2002
The 'progress zone' model provides a framework for understanding progressive development of the vertebrate limb. This model holds that undifferentiated cells in a zone of fixed size at the distal tip of the limb bud (the progress zone) undergo a progressive change in positional information such that their specification is ...
Eloy-Trinquet Sophie - - 2002
In this study, we investigated (in the early mouse embryo) the clonal properties of precursor cells which contribute to the segmented myotome, a structure derived from the somites. We used the laacZ method of single cell-labelling to visualise clones born before segmentation and bilateralisation. We found that clones which contribute ...
Sun Xin X Department of Anatomy and Program in Developmental Biology, School of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, 94143-0452, - - 2002
To determine the role of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling from the apical ectodermal ridge (AER), we inactivated Fgf4 and Fgf8 in AER cells or their precursors at different stages of mouse limb development. We show that FGF4 and FGF8 regulate cell number in the nascent limb bud and are ...
Chartier Aymeric - - 2002
The steps that lead to the formation of a single primitive heart tube are highly conserved in vertebrate and invertebrate embryos. Concerted migration of the two lateral cardiogenic regions of the mesoderm and endoderm (or ectoderm in invertebrates) is required for their fusion at the midline of the embryo. Morphogenetic ...
Kelly Kristine A - - 2002
During embryogenesis, left-right sidedness is established by asymmetric expression of laterality genes. A recent model predicts the presence of a functional midline that divides the left side of the embryonic disc from the right side, separating left- and right-inducing signals. We show evidence that this midline is formed from a ...
Kahane Nitza - - 2002
We have previously found that the postmitotic myotome is formed by two successive waves of myoblasts. A first wave of pioneer cells is generated from the dorsomedial region of epithelial somites. A second wave originates from all four edges of the dermomyotome but cells enter the myotome only from the ...
Ilyina Ekaterina A - - 2002
The paper proposes a possible molecular mechanism of cell fate specification during limb development. The mechanism is based on a step-by-step activation of cell determinants, which occurs at the transcriptional level. Activation of the next determinant (or reactivation of the previous one) occurs only after the next cell division, only ...
Kuroda Hiroki - - 2002
Prenotochord cell sorting is regarded as one of the first cell sorting events in early chordate development. We recently demonstrated that this sorting event occurs in vitro, although the mediator of this activity remains unidentified. Herein, we report the isolation of a full-length cDNA clone of Axial protocadherin (AXPC), the ...
Yasuda Yoshiko - - 2002
We have previously demonstrated that mRNAs for erythropoietin and the erythropoietin receptor temporarily express on the visceral yolk sacs on days 9-11 of gestation in mice. In order to investigate the sites of expression, we performed in situ hybridization on visceral yolk sacs. Visceral yolk sacs from 10-day-old mice embryos ...
G. Al-Mutary Mohsen
The chick embryos, after 24 h of incubation were treated in front of the head area with three different doses of tamoxifen (100, 200 or 400 <I>?</I>g). There were no effects of the tamoxifen on the low dose group while it caused around 16% of the sterility of embryos in ...
Warga Rachel M - - 2002
In this chapter, we will review the formation of the definitive endoderm, the population of cells that give rise to the lining of the digestive tract, its associated organs and the pharyngeal pouches. At the cellular level, we will describe the location and movement of endodermal cells from the onset ...
Dali Lisa A - - 2002
Somite formation is a lengthy process that begins at gastrulation and continues through tailbud stages to form approximately 50 pairs of somites in the frog, Xenopus laevis. In Xenopus, the somite primarily gives rise to myotome. We sought to determine whether the formation of somites and myotome requires a transient ...
Sanz-Ezquerro J J - - 2001
A detailed and precise picture is being pieced together about how the pattern of digits develops in vertebrate limbs. What is particularly exciting is that it will soon be possible to trace the process all the way from establishment of a signalling centre in a small bud of undifferentiated cells ...
Molina M R - - 2001
The homeobox gene tinman and the nuclear receptor gene seven-up are expressed in mutually exclusive dorsal vessel cells in Drosophila, however, the physiological reason for this distinction is not known. We demonstrate that tin and svp-lacZ expression persists through the larval stage to the adult stage in the same pattern ...
Kinder S J - - 2001
An organizer population has been identified in the anterior end of the primitive streak of the mid-streak stage embryo, by the expression of Hnf3beta, Gsc(lacZ) and Chrd, and the ability of these cells to induce a second neural axis in the host embryo. This cell population can therefore be regarded ...
Ninomiya H - - 2001
The direct developing frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui, develops from a large egg (diameter 3.5 mm). To investigate the effect of egg size on germ-layer formation, we studied mesoderm formation in E. coqui and compared it to that of Xenopus laevis (diameter 1.3 mm). First, we identified the position of prospective mesoderm ...
Männer J - - 2001
The internal organs of vertebrates show species-specific left-right (L-R) asymmetries. Questions on the embryonic origin of these asymmetries have been fascinating embryologists since the 19th century. During the past years, remarkable progress has been made in answering these questions. Evolutionary highly conserved molecular signaling cascades have been identified that start ...
Lee K K - - 2001
The growth arrest specific 1 (gas1) gene is highly expressed in quiescent mammalian cells (Schneider et al., 1988, Cell 54, 787-793). Overexpression of gas1 in normal and some cancer cell lines could inhibit G(0)/G(1) transition. Presently, we have examined the functions of this gene in the developing mouse embryo. The ...
Zhao Z - - 2001
A1 adenosine receptors (A1ARs) are expressed in the embryonic heart and influence cardiac function at early developmental stages. To test if A1ARs also affect cardiac structural development, we examined the effects of A1AR activation on heart formation. When pregnant mice were treated with the A1AR agonist, N(6)-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA), fetuses showed ...
Sejima H - - 2001
The embryonic epicardium is formed by the spreading of cells derived from the extracardiac proepicardial organ over the myocardial surface after transfer to the dorsal side of the myocardium via a bridge of villous projections. Using whole-heart immunostaining for keratin, we found that the chronology and pattern of epicardial formation ...
Denetclaw W F WF - - 2001
The morphogenetic cell movements responsible for growth and morphogenesis in vertebrate embryos are poorly understood. Myotome precursor cells undergo myotomal translocation; a key morphogenetic cell movement whereby myotomal precursor cells leave the dermomyotome epithelium and enter the subjacent myotome layer where myogenic differentiation ensues. The precursors to the embryonic epaxial ...
Schmidt C - - 2001
Somitogenesis in all vertebrates involves a mesenchymal to epithelial transition of segmental plate cells. Such a transition involves cells altering their morphology and their adhesive properties. The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases has been postulated to regulate cytoskeletal organization. In this study, we show that a receptor belonging to ...
Lawson A - - 2001
The formation and progression of the primitive streak are key events of avian gastrulation. We examine these processes in detail, using various morphological approaches. We show that formation of the primitive streak occurs locally at the caudal midline of the area pellucida, as cells in the caudal midline undergo an ...
Teshigawara K - - 2001
The presence and possible physiological roles of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) in the peripheral tissues of birds have not been established. By a combination of RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization, we have examined alpha-MSH expression in the eye of the chicken during development. In the 1-day-old chick, alpha-MSH was expressed ...
Giudicelli F - - 2001
The Krox-20 gene encodes a zinc finger transcription factor, which has been shown previously, by targeted inactivation in the mouse, to be required for the development of rhombomeres (r) 3 and 5 in the segmented embryonic hindbrain. In the present work, Krox-20 was expressed ectopically in the developing chick hindbrain ...
Hatcher C J - - 2001
Mutations in human TBX5, a member of the T-box transcription factor gene family, cause congenital cardiac septation defects and isomerism in autosomal dominant Holt-Oram syndrome. To determine the cellular function of TBX5 in cardiogenesis, we overexpressed wild-type and mutant human TBX5 isoforms in vitro and in vivo. TBX5 inhibited cell ...
Oda H - - 2001
Invagination of the epithelial cell sheet of the prospective mesoderm in Drosophila gastrulation is a well-studied, relatively simple morphogenetic event that results from dynamic cell shape changes and cell movements. However, these cell behaviors have not been followed at a sufficiently short time resolution. We examined mesoderm invagination in living ...
Gabrielli M G - - 2001
The expression of carbonic anhydrase in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of the chick embryo was investigated by means of the histochemical localisation of the enzyme catalytic sites and the immunohistochemical identification of its isoenzymatic forms. The results show that carbonic anhydrase is developmentally expressed in a subset of cells both ...
A. G. Pillay
The research work was conducted to study the behaviour of dark and light neurones in the geniculate ganglion during development and growth in chick, The dark and light cells are differentiated in each group according to the intensity of cytoplasmic stain. The tiny cells are newly formed cells that are ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >