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Results 251 - 300 of 1004
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Morán María Genoveva González - - 2005
The aim of this study was to detect the presence of estrogen receptor alpha in different cell subpopulations of the growing left and regressing right ovaries from newly hatched chicks, by immunohistochemical methods, using an indirect immunoperoxidase technique. Newly hatched chicks were killed by decapitation and the growing left and ...
Ng Elizabeth S - - 2005
The homeobox gene Mixl1 is expressed in the primitive streak of the gastrulating embryo, and marks cells destined to form mesoderm and endoderm. The role of Mixl1 in development of haematopoietic mesoderm was investigated by analysing the differentiation of ES cells in which GFP was targeted to one (Mixl1(GFP/w)) or ...
Madhavan, Mayur C
Hundreds of millions of people across the world suffer from severely impaired vision and as the population of the world grows older, this problem will become more severe. One avenue of therapy for these patients may be to induce healthy cells of the eye to regenerate cells that may be ...
Rappazzo Giancarlo - - 2005
Massive apoptosis of mesenchymal cells in the septum of the aortico-pulmonary trunk was found in mouse fetuses at stage 14.5dpc. It was associated with the appearance of cavities in the mesenchymal tissue, presumably due to cell loss, a strong reduction in the extent of lectin PNA staining, and the induction ...
Xiao-Feng Pang P Inst. of Life Sci. & Technol., Univ. of Electron. Sci. & Technol. of China, - - 2005
The influences of the carbon nanotubes on proliferation state of chick embryo fibroblast cells and toxicity of the nanotubes to the cells have been investigated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol 2-yl)-2,5 diphenylte-trazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric method of Mosmann and the toxicology. We found that the toxicity of the carbon nanotubes to the chick ...
Naito Jumpei - - 2004
On average, in chicks, the total number of retinal ganglion cells is 4.9 x 10(6) and the cell density is 10400 cells/mm2. Two high-density areas, namely the central area (CA) and the dorsal area (DA), are located in the central and dorsal retinas, respectively, in post-hatching day 8 (P8) chicks ...
Lammers Andrew R - - 2004
Effects of substrate diameter on locomotor biodynamics were studied in the gray short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica). Two horizontal substrates were used: a flat 'terrestrial' trackway with a force platform integrated into the surface and a cylindrical 'arboreal' trackway (20.3 mm diameter) with a force-transducer instrumented region. On both terrestrial and ...
Ogita Shinjiro - - 2004
In vitro culture of hypocotyl explants from Kandelia candel, a common mangrove species, on hormone-free Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium resulted in shoot formation. Since the hypocotyls showed good potential for in vitro shoot multiplication, the process of bud primordium formation was analyzed from a histological viewpoint. A wound periderm ...
Lu Cindy C - - 2004
The TGFbeta family member Nodal has been shown to be involved in a variety of processes in development, including early axis formation. Here, we use a conditional gene inactivation strategy to show a specific requirement for Nodal in the epiblast. Complete inactivation of the Nodal locus in the epiblast using ...
Hatcher Cathy J - - 2004
Transcriptional regulatory cascades during epicardial and coronary vascular development from proepicardial progenitor cells remain to be defined. We have used immunohistochemistry of human embryonic tissues to demonstrate that the TBX5 transcription factor is expressed not only in the myocardium, but also throughout the embryonic epicardium and coronary vasculature. TBX5 is ...
Shim W - - 2004
Congestive heart failure (CHF) remains the most common diagnosis made in cardiology wards today. No long-term therapeutic option for end-stage CHF is available except for orthotopic heart transplant. Cellular-based therapy has emerged as a potential new therapy for patients with advanced heart failure. Different cell types are being explored in ...
Brabham, Kori Vasser
Due to mechanical loading, cartilage experiences distortional change, volumetric change, and fluid flow. Research has shown cells to be responsive to unconfined compression, a load that produces all three conditions. To isolate the factor(s) responsible for chondrogenesis, the first goal of this research was to design and implement a device ...
Gros Jérôme - - 2004
The study of the morphogenetic cell movements underlying myotome formation in the chick embryo has led to the emergence of highly controversial models. Here we report a real-time cell lineage analysis of myotome development using electroporation of a GFP reporter in newly formed chick somites. Confocal analysis of cell movements ...
Chen Y - - 2004
Changes in cell density and size in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) of the retina were studied in chick embryos and post-hatching chicks. The total number of cells in the GCL increased from 3.64 million at embryonic day 8 (E8) to the maximal 7.85 million at E14. After E14, the ...
Smallhorn Masha - - 2004
Drosophila pebble (pbl) encodes a Rho-family GTP exchange factor (GEF) required for cytokinesis. The accumulation of high levels of PBL protein during interphase and the developmentally regulated expression of pbl in mesodermal tissues suggested that the primary cytokinetic mutant phenotype might be masking other roles. Using various muscle differentiation markers, ...
Schumacher Sabine - - 2004
The FGF receptor Heartless (HTL) is required for mesodermal cell migration in the Drosophila gastrula. We show that mesoderm cells undergo different phases of specific cell shape changes during mesoderm migration. During the migratory phase, the cells adhere to the basal surface of the ectoderm and exhibit extensive protrusive activity. ...
Brudzynski Katrina - - 2004
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a natural compound of bee propolis, selectively inhibits proliferation of transformed cells in several cancer models in vitro. To examine in vivo CAPE function, we used the newt regeneration blastema as a model system wherein the processes of de-differentiation and subsequent proliferation of undifferentiated cells ...
Leise Walter F WF - - 2004
Coordination of morphogenesis and cell proliferation is essential during development. In Xenopus, cell divisions are rapid and synchronous early in development but then slow and become spatially restricted during gastrulation and neurulation. One tissue that transiently stops dividing is the paraxial mesoderm, a dynamically mobile tissue that forms the somites ...
Van Stry Melanie - - 2004
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) signaling is required for normal gastrulation in Xenopus laevis. Embryos deprived of PDGFR signaling develop with a range of gastrulation-specific defects including spina bifida, shortened anteroposterior axis, and reduced anterior structures. These defects arise because the involuting mesoderm fails to move appropriately. In this study, ...
Schweizer H - - 2004
Limb buds develop from lateral plate-derived stationary mesenchyme and are invaded by cells from extrinsic regions. The largest populations of these cells are myogenic precursor cells that originate from the lateral dermomyotomes. After detachment under the influence of SF/HGF, myogenic precursor cells migrate in a proximo-distal direction and populate a ...
Wilson Sylvia M - - 2004
Experimental metastasis assays are used to measure the ability of cancer cells to grow in secondary organs following injection of the cells into the circulation of an experimental animal. The chicken embryo provides an alternative to the more commonly used assays in mice. Details of the experimental metastasis assay in ...
Kajstura Jan - - 2004
Adult ventricular myocytes can undergo mitotic division, resulting in an increase in the aggregate number of cells in the heart. The improvement in the methodological approach to the analysis of tissue sections by immunostaining and confocal microscopy has defeated the dogma that myocyte regeneration cannot occur in the adult heart. ...
Drenhaus U - - 2004
This study focused on the temporal and spatial pattern of expression of the cell adhesion molecule axonin-1 in amacrine cells and the identification of these cells in the developing chick retina. We analyzed 5-20-day-old chick embryos. The antigen was localized and visualized by the indirect immunogold and the immunofluorescence technique. ...
Fléchon Jacques-E - - 2004
The epithelial versus mesenchymal phenotypes of embryonic ectoderm and mesoderm cells of the prestreak stage pig embryos were examined by electron microscopy and molecular marker analysis. During this period the embryonic disc remained flat or slightly convex while becoming oval or pyriform in shape. Mesenchyme cells expressing vimentin were present ...
Stocum D L - - 2004
Larval and adult urodeles and anuran tadpoles readily regenerate their limbs via a process of histolysis and dedifferentiation of mature cells local to the amputation surface that accumulate under the wound epithelium as a blastema of stem cells. These stem cells require growth and trophic factors from the apical epidermal ...
Fritz-Six Kimberly L - - 2003
Tropomodulin1 (Tmod1) caps thin filament pointed ends in striated muscle, where it controls filament lengths by regulating actin dynamics. Here, we investigated myofibril assembly and heart development in a Tmod1 knockout mouse. In the absence of Tmod1, embryonic development appeared normal up to embryonic day (E) 8.5. By E9.5, heart ...
Sari Youssef - - 2003
Besides neuronal transmission, serotonin (5-HT) also acts as a trophic signal during the development of the central nervous and neural crest systems. In this study, we report that in addition to trophic effect, 5-HT increases the proliferation of fetal heart cells. We showed for the first time that the cultured ...
Guo Qiuxia - - 2003
The apical ectodermal ridge (AER) is a critical signaling center at the tip of the limb that promotes outgrowth. In mouse, formation of the AER involves a gradual restriction of AER gene expression from a broad ventral preAER domain to the tip of the limb, as well as progressive thickening ...
Giampaoli S - - 2003
Limb regenerative potential in urodeles seems to vary among different species. We observed that Triturus vulgaris meridionalis regenerate their limbs significantly faster than T. carnifex, where a long gap between the time of amputation and blastema formation occurs, and tried to identify cellular and molecular events that may underlie these ...
Zikova Martina - - 2003
Specification of bilateral cardiac primordia and formation of the linear heart tube are highly conserved from Drosophila to humans. However, subsequent heart morphogenesis involving nonmesodermal neural crest cells was thought to be specific for vertebrates. Here, we provide evidence that a group of nonmesodermal cells that we have named heart-anchoring ...
Méndez M C - - 2003
Previous studies have demonstrated that FSH stimulates cell proliferation in the ovary and the testis of the chick embryo. This study analyzed the presence of FSH receptor and the cell subpopulations that proliferate in response to FSH in chick embryo gonads. FSH receptor mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain ...
Robertson Elizabeth J - - 2003
Prior to gastrulation the mouse embryo exists as a symmetrical cylinder consisting of three tissue layers. Positioning of the future anterior-posterior axis of the embryo occurs through coordinated cell movements that rotate a pre-existing proximal-distal (P-D) axis. Overt axis formation becomes evident when a discrete population of proximal epiblast cells ...
Plachta Nicolas - - 2003
Endogenous nitric oxide (NO) has recently been shown to affect cell cycle progression in the neural tube (NT) of the chick embryo. High NO levels trigger entry into S phase basally, while low NO levels facilitate mitosis apically. Here, we further explore the involvement of NO in determining cell numbers ...
Anakwe Kelly - - 2003
The limb musculature arises by delamination of premyogenic cells from the lateral dermomyotome. Initially the cells express Pax3 but, upon entering the limb bud, they switch on the expression of MyoD and Myf5 and undergo terminal differentiation into slow or fast fibres, which have distinct contractile properties that determine how ...
Lawson Aaron - - 2003
Gastrulation is characterized by the extensive movements of cells. Fate mapping is used to follow such cell movements as they occur over time, and prospective fate maps have been constructed for several stages of the model organisms used in modern studies in developmental biology. In chick embryos, detailed fate maps ...
Tahinci Emilios - - 2003
We have undertaken the first detailed analysis of Rho GTPase function during vertebrate development by analyzing how RhoA and Rac1 control convergent extension of axial mesoderm during Xenopus gastrulation. Monitoring of a number of parameters in time-lapse recordings of mesoderm explants revealed that Rac and Rho have both distinct and ...
González-Morán Genoveva - - 2003
The effects of Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing hormone (LH) on progesterone receptor (PR) isoforms presence in different cell populations from the oviduct magnum of newly-hatched chicks treated in vivo on days 13, 15 and 17 of embryonic development, were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. We found that FSH promoted cytodifferentiation of ...
Alvarez Alejandra D - - 2003
The Drosophila heart consists of two major cell types: cardioblasts, which form the contractile tube of the heart; and pericardial cells, which flank the cardioblasts and are thought to filter and detoxify the blood or hemolymph of the fly. We present the completion of the entire cell lineage of all ...
Sugi Yukiko - - 2003
While much has been learned about how endothelial cells transform to mesenchyme during cardiac cushion formation, there remain fundamental questions about the developmental fate of cushions. In the present work, we focus on the growth and development of cushion mesenchyme. We hypothesize that proliferative expansion and distal elongation of cushion ...
Heringová L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cyclophosphamide (CP) embryotoxicity was documented in several studies on different experimental models. We investigate quantitatively the relationship between the embryotoxic effect of CP and the disturbance of the cell-cycle using flow cytometry. METHODS: Chick embryos on Days 2-4 were treated with 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 microg ...
Kwan Kristen M - - 2003
During Xenopus gastrulation, the dorsal mesoderm exhibits two different cell behaviors in two different regions: active cell migration of prechordal mesoderm and convergent extension of chordamesoderm. Although many genes involved in specification and differentiation of the dorsal mesoderm have been studied, the role of these genes in controlling cell behaviors ...
Woo G H - - 2003
Hydroxyurea (HU), a ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor, induces morphological anomalies in the central nervous system (CNS), craniofacial tissues and limb buds in animals, and neonatal respiratory distress in humans. In the present study, pregnant mice were treated with 400 mg/kg of HU at day 13 of gestation, and their fetuses were ...
Dusek Z - - 2003
1. Chick embryo in ovo was used to investigate the effects of 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE) on haematopoiesis at a developmental stage where the primitive erythroid cells divide and differentiate in circulation. 2. Early after DBE treatment on embryonic day 3, annexin V/propidium iodide labelling showed acute cell death of erythroid elements, ...
Evans Darrell J R - - 2003
The traditional view that all parts of the ribs originate from the sclerotome of the thoracic somites has recently been challenged by an alternative view suggesting that only the proximal rib derives from the sclerotome, while the distal rib arises from regions of the dermomyotome. In view of this continuing ...
Smits Patrick - - 2003
The notochord has major roles in vertebral column formation: indirectly by inducing sclerotome cell differentiation; and directly by forming the nucleus pulposus of intervertebral discs. Sox5 and Sox6 encode Sry-related HMG box transcription factors that act redundantly to promote chondroblast differentiation in all cartilages of the mouse embryo. We show ...
Nowicki Julie L - - 2003
Patterning events along the anterior-posterior (AP) axis of vertebrate embryos result in the distribution of muscle and bone forming a highly effective functional system. A key aspect of regionalized AP patterning results from variation in the migratory pattern of somite cells along the dorsal-ventral (DV) axis of the body. This ...
Oldfield Sarah F - - 2003
The differentiation and patterning of tendon fibroblasts is at present a poorly understood aspect of musculoskeletal development in the vertebrate limb. Precursors of tendon fibroblasts originate in the somatic mesoderm adjacent to the early limb bud and gradually become incorporated into the limb mesenchyme as development proceeds. It is unclear ...
Maden Malcolm - - 2002
In the regenerating amphibian limb, positional information has traditionally been considered in terms of short-range cell-cell interactions, not long-range diffusion gradients. A molecule discovered in a differential screen of regenerating limbs turns out to be precisely such a cell surface component, the newt ortholog of mouse CD59.
Kulesa Paul M - - 2002
We follow somite segmentation in living chick embryos and find that the shaping process is not a simple periodic slicing of tissue blocks but a much more carefully choreographed separation in which the somite pulls apart from the segmental plate. Cells move across the presumptive somite boundary and violate gene ...
Yokoyama Hitoshi - - 2002
We previously showed that recombinant limb buds with dissociated and reaggregated mesenchyme develop more than 30 digits in Xenopus laevis, which exhibits different capacities for limb regeneration at different developmental stages (Yokoyama et al. [1998] Dev Biol 196:1-10). Cell-cell contact among anterior- and posterior-derived mesenchymal cells is required for anteroposterior ...
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