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Krneta-Stankic Vanja V Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California 94132, - - 2010
Somites give rise to the vertebral column and segmented musculature of adult vertebrates. The cell movements that position cells within somites along the anteroposterior and dorsoventral axes are not well understood. Using a fate mapping approach, we show that at the onset of Xenopus laevis gastrulation, mesoderm cells undergo distinct ...
Hirata Ayako - - 2010
The accessory limb model has become an alternative model for performing investigations of limb regeneration in an amputated limb. In the accessory limb model, a complete patterned limb can be induced as a result of an interaction between the wound epithelium, a nerve and dermal fibroblasts in the skin. Studies ...
Gray Shona D SD Division of Cell and Developmental Biology, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, - - 2010
Hensen's node of the chick embryo contains multipotent self-renewing progenitor cells that can contribute to either the floor plate or the notochord. Floor plate cells are a population of epithelial cells that lie at the ventral midline of the developing neural tube, whereas the notochord is a rod of axial ...
Bowers Stephanie L K SL Department of Medicine, Division of Molecular Cardiology, Texas A&M Health Center, Temple, Texas 76504, - - 2010
In the heart, electrical, mechanical, and chemical signals create an environment essential for normal cellular responses to developmental and pathologic cues. Communication between fibroblasts, myocytes, and endothelial cells, as well as the extracellular matrix, are critical to fluctuations in heart composition and function during normal development and pathology. Recent evidence ...
Karunamuni Ganga G Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2010
The adult heart has been reported to have an extensive lymphatic system, yet the development of this important system during cardiogenesis is still largely unexplored. The nuclear-localized transcription factor Prox-1 identified a sheet of Prox-1-positive cells on the developing aorta and pulmonary trunk in avian and murine embryos just before ...
Tonka Tomas - - 2010
Chytridiopsis typographi Weiser, 1954, the microsporidian pathogen of the spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus L. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), has an early developmental period with plurinucleate mother cells, each of which produces a single bud. The globular bud is connected with the mother cell by a collar and the cellular constituents are ...
Sheng Guojun - - 2010
The yolk sac is the sole niche and source of cells for primitive erythropoiesis from E1 to E5 of chicken development. It is also the main niche and source of cells for early definitive erythropoiesis from E5 to E12. A transition occurs during late embryonic development, after which the bone ...
van Wijk Bram - - 2010
During development, the epicardium, an epithelial layer that covers the heart, gives rise to a large portion of the nonmyocardial cells present in the heart. The epicardium arises from a structure, called the proepicardium, which forms at the inflow of the developing heart. By epithelial-to-mesenchymal transformation, mesenchymal cells are formed ...
Di Meglio Franca - - 2010
During heart morphogenesis, epicardial cells undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition giving origin to a population of epicardially derived cells that play a crucial role in the development of most cardiac cell lineages. Considering the hypothesis that epithelial-mesenchymal transition of epicardial mesothelium can generate cardiac primitive cells in the adult heart, we have ...
Vincent Stéphane D - - 2010
The formation of the heart is a complex morphogenetic process that depends on the spatiotemporally regulated contribution of cardiac progenitor cells. These mainly derive from the splanchnic mesoderm of the first and second heart field (SHF), with an additional contribution of neurectodermally derived neural crest cells that are critical for ...
Doh Sung Tae - - 2010
Retinal cell development has been extensively investigated; however, the current knowledge of dynamic morphological and molecular changes is not yet complete. This study was aimed at revealing the dynamic morphological and molecular changes in retinal cell development during the embryonic stages using a new method of targeted retinal injection, in ...
Boehm Bernd B EMBL-CRG Systems Biology Research Unit, Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), UPF, Barcelona, - - 2010
Although the vertebrate limb bud has been studied for decades as a model system for spatial pattern formation and cell specification, the cellular basis of its distally oriented elongation has been a relatively neglected topic by comparison. The conventional view is that a gradient of isotropic proliferation exists along the ...
Zhu D D Developmental Neurobiology, National Institute for Medical Research, MRC, London, - - 2010
Cell and particle quantification is one of the frequently used techniques in biology and clinical study. Variations of cell/particle population and/or protein expression level can provide information on many biological processes. In this chapter, we propose an image-based automatic quantification approach that can be applied to images from both fluorescence ...
Jimenez-Guri Eva E Department of Experimental and Health Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, - - 2010
Boundaries that prevent cell movement allow groups of cells to maintain their identity and follow independent developmental trajectories without the need for ongoing instructive signals from surrounding tissues. This is the case of vertebrate rhombomeric boundaries. Analysis in the developing chick hindbrain provided the first evidence that rhombomeres are units ...
Vasiev Bakhtier B Division of Mathematics, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom. - - 2010
The body plan of all higher organisms develops during gastrulation. Gastrulation results from the integration of cell proliferation, differentiation and migration of thousands of cells. In the chick embryo gastrulation starts with the formation of the primitive streak, the site of invagination of mesoderm and endoderm cells, from cells overlaying ...
Brown Federico D - - 2009
Colonial ascidians are the only chordates to undergo whole body regeneration (WBR), the ability to form an entirely new individual from the peripheral vasculature. Here we describe WBR in Botrylloides violaceus, a colonial ascidian that reliably regenerates after ablation of all zooids and buds of young colonies. During early regeneration ...
Karagenç Levent - - 2010
The objective of the current study was to determine the tissue distribution of cells derived from the area opaca in heterospecific quail-chick blastodermal chimeras. Quail-chick chimeras were constructed by transferring dissociated cells from the area opaca of the stage X-XII (EG&K) quail embryo into the subgerminal cavity of the unincubated ...
Genead Rami - - 2010
The aims of this study were to systematically characterize the distribution, proliferation, and differentiation of Islet-1(+)(Isl1(+)) progenitor cells in the early first trimester human embryonic heart during which period most of the organogenesis takes place. In hearts of gestational week 5 to 10 Isl1(+)cells were identified and mainly clustered in ...
Tamura Koji - - 2010
The limb blastema cell, which is a major source of mesenchymal components in the limb regenerate, serves as a stem cell that possesses an undifferentiated state and multipotency. A remarkable property of the limb blastema cell can be seen in its capability for morphogenesis. Elucidation of the molecular basis for ...
Zhang Ying Y Center for Regenerative and Developmental Biology, The Forsyth Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2009
Consistent left-right patterning is a fascinating and biomedically important problem. In the chick embryo, it is not known how cells determine their position (left or right) relative to the primitive streak, which is required for subsequent asymmetric gene expression cascades. We show that the subcellular localization of Vangl2, a core ...
Kim Dongkyun - - 2009
Endochondral bone formation requires a complex interplay among immature mesenchymal progenitor cells to form the cartilaginous anlagen, which involves migration, aggregation and condensation. Even though condensation of chondrogenic progenitors is an essential step in this process, its mechanism(s) has not been well studied. Here, we show that cadherin-7 plays a ...
Chuai Manli M Division of Cell and Developmental Biology, Wellcome Trust Biocentre, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, United - - 2009
Gastrulation in chick starts with large-scale cell flows in the epiblast and hypoblast, which transport the mesendoderm into the midline of the embryo to form the primitive streak. Several mechanisms such as cell-cell intercalation, deformations of the extracellular matrix and directed cell movements in response to chemical gradients have been ...
Hurst Helen - - 2009
The chick micromass culture system has advantages over the validated rat system - ready availability and non-culling of the donor parent - but needs to give comparable results. This study confirmed comparability and the ability to extend the system to cover cardiac effects. It was also compared with the validated ...
Kragl Martin - - 2009
During limb regeneration adult tissue is converted into a zone of undifferentiated progenitors called the blastema that reforms the diverse tissues of the limb. Previous experiments have led to wide acceptance that limb tissues dedifferentiate to form pluripotent cells. Here we have reexamined this question using an integrated GFP transgene ...
Gros Jerome J Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2009
In vertebrates, the readily apparent left/right (L/R) anatomical asymmetries of the internal organs can be traced to molecular events initiated at or near the time of gastrulation. However, the earliest steps of this process do not seem to be universally conserved. In particular, how this axis is first defined in ...
Hutcheson David A - - 2009
Vertebrate muscle arises sequentially from embryonic, fetal, and adult myoblasts. Although functionally distinct, it is unclear whether these myoblast classes develop from common or different progenitors. Pax3 and Pax7 are expressed by somitic myogenic progenitors and are critical myogenic determinants. To test the developmental origin of embryonic and fetal myogenic ...
Qiu Qiong - - 2009
The LIM-homeodomain transcription factor lmx1b is a critical regulator of vertebrate dorsal-ventral limb patterning. In the mouse embryo, lmx1b is initially transcribed throughout most, if not all, limb bud cells at early stages, but then rapidly becomes restricted specifically to dorsal mesenchymal cells with a sharp boundary between the dorsal-positive ...
Liang Simon X - - 2010
Side population cells are a rare subset of cells found in the adult heart that are highly enriched for stem and progenitor cell activity. Recent studies have suggested that Sca1+/CD31- cardiac side population cells are capable of differentiation into cardiomyocytes in vitro. However, the response of these cells to myocardial ...
Shiraki Nobuaki - - 2009
Embryonic stem cells differentiated on M15 cells have previously been shown to give rise to cells of the mesendodermal and definitive endodermal lineages. Here we demonstrate that neuroectodermal and mesodermal lineages can be derived from ES cells cultured on M15 cells and subsequently subjected to specific culture conditions, as confirmed ...
Banerjee Indroneal - - 2009
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine responsible for many different processes including the regulation of cell growth, apoptosis, differentiation, and survival in various cell types and organs, including the heart. Recent studies have indicated that IL-6 is a critical component in the cell-cell communication between myocytes and cardiac fibroblasts. In ...
van Impel Andreas - - 2009
The Drosophila guanine nucleotide exchange factor Pebble (Pbl) is essential for cytokinesis and cell migration during gastrulation. In dividing cells, Pbl promotes Rho1 activation at the cell cortex, leading to formation of the contractile actin-myosin ring. The role of Pbl in fibroblast growth factor-triggered mesoderm spreading during gastrulation is less ...
Lancrin Christophe C Cancer Research UK Stem Cell Biology - - 2009
It has been proposed that during embryonic development haematopoietic cells arise from a mesodermal progenitor with both endothelial and haematopoietic potential called the haemangioblast. A conflicting theory instead associates the first haematopoietic cells with a phenotypically differentiated endothelial cell that has haematopoietic potential (that is, a haemogenic endothelium). Support for ...
Di Meglio Franca - - 2010
The search for ideal cell candidate for heart regeneration, as well as for putative cardiac stem cell responsible for cardiac tissue homeostasis, is occupying both basic scientists and clinicians. Growing number of studies and publications indicate epicardium-derived cells as cardiac stem cells. While it is beyond doubt that these cells ...
Borgave Seema - - 2009
In early chick embryo, the precardiac cells reside within distinct groups of mesodermal cells known as presumptive heart forming regions (HFRs). HFRs are located on the lateral sides of the Hensens node. In an effort to study fate of HFRs in isolation, HFRs were excised from early gastrulating chick embryos ...
Hughes James N - - 2009
In the mammal, the pluripotent cells of embryo differentiate and commit to either the mesoderm/endoderm lineages or the ectoderm lineage during gastrulation. In culture, the ability to direct lineage choice from pluripotent cells into the mesoderm/endoderm or ectoderm lineages will enable the development of technologies for the formation of highly ...
Lopez-Sanchez Carmen - - 2009
Fate maps are required to address questions about the commitment and differentiation of precardiac cells. Here, we report a detailed study of the precardiac cells located at the level of the primitive streak, employing different experiments with a variety of techniques combining double transplantations, microinjections and immunocytochemistry. Most cells of ...
Rao Nandini - - 2009
Following amputation, urodele salamander limbs reprogram somatic cells to form a blastema that self-organizes into the missing limb parts to restore the structure and function of the limb. To help understand the molecular basis of blastema formation, we used quantitative label-free liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based methods to analyze changes ...
Martins Gabriel G - - 2009
Somites are transient segments formed in a rostro-caudal progression during vertebrate development. In chick embryos, segmentation of a new pair of somites occurs every 90 minutes and involves a mesenchyme-to-epithelium transition of cells from the presomitic mesoderm. Little is known about the cellular rearrangements involved, and, although it is known ...
Towers Matthew M Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, - - 2009
The developing limb is a major model for pattern formation in vertebrate embryos. Many of the seminal discoveries of the mechanisms involved in patterning have been made using chick embryos because of the ease of manipulating their developing limbs. More recently, the molecular basis of limb pattern formation has been ...
Chuai Manli M Division of Cell and Developmental Biology, Wellcome Trust Biocentre, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, United - - 2009
Gastrulation is a critical stage in the development of all vertebrates. During gastrulation mesendoderm cells move inside the embryo to form the gut, muscles, and skeleton. In amniotes the mesendoderm cells move inside the embryo through a structure known as the primitive streak, extending from the posterior pole anterior through ...
Subauste M Cecilia MC Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA, 92037, - - 2009
Increased metastatic and angiogenic potentials of aggressive human colon carcinoma cells were verified in independent chick embryo models by comparing in vivo highly metastatic SW620 colon carcinoma cell line with its isogenic, non-metastatic SW480 cell variant. In the experimental metastasis model, both cell types rapidly arrested in the chorioallantoic membrane ...
McMahon Amy A Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, - - 2008
The concerted movement of cells from different germ layers contributes to morphogenesis during early embryonic development. Using an optimized imaging approach and quantitative methods, we analyzed the trajectories of hundreds of ectodermal cells and internalized mesodermal cells within Drosophila embryos over 2 hours during gastrulation. We found a high level ...
van den Berg Gert G Heart Failure Research Center, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2009
Recent studies have shown that the primary heart tube continues to grow by addition of cells from the coelomic wall. This growth occurs concomitantly with embryonic folding and formation of the coelomic cavity, making early heart formation morphologically complex. A scarcity of data on localized growth parameters further hampers the ...
Ebert Steven N - - 2008
The heart is a primary source of epinephrine and norepinephrine during embryonic development, yet little is known about the cardiac cells that produce these catecholamine hormones. To identify when and where catecholamine-synthesizing cells are found in the embryonic heart, we developed a novel mouse genetic model by "knocking-in" the Cre-recombinase ...
Egea Joaquim - - 2008
During early mouse development, the anterior visceral endoderm (AVE) secretes inhibitor and activator signals that are essential for establishing the anterior-posterior (AP) axis of the embryo and for restricting mesoderm formation to the posterior epiblast in the primitive streak (PS) region. Here we show that AVE cells have an additional ...
Pavone Luigi Michele - - 2008
Multiple evidence demonstrate a role for serotonin and its transporter SERT in heart valve development and disease. By utilizing a Cre/loxP system driven by SERT gene expression, we recently demonstrated a regionally restricted distribution of SERT-expressing cells in developing mouse heart. In order to characterize the cell types exhibiting SERT ...
Sowby,Whitney Herrod 1984-
The exact mechanisms that regulate limb outgrowth the mouse embryo are unknown. Although there are several models, we favor a hypothesis where cells become polarized by signals secreted from the AER which orient their cell migration and/or divisions causing limb outgrowth. Clonal analysis has provided a mechanism to study cell ...
Mizoguchi Takamasa - - 2008
During vertebrate gastrulation, both mesodermal and endodermal cells internalize through the blastopore beneath the ectoderm. In zebrafish, the internalized mesodermal cells move towards the dorsal side of the gastrula and, at the same time, they extend anteriorly by convergence and extension (C&E) movements. Endodermal cells showing characteristic filopodia then migrate ...
Stamm Christof - - 2008
Established therapeutic concepts for heart failure in elderly patients aim at long-term medical and/or surgical palliation. Heart transplantation is limited to younger individuals, and permanent mechanical assist devices are not yet widely used. In this situation, myocardial cell therapy offers fascinating new perspectives, the ultimate goal being the complete regeneration ...
Wolff Carsten - - 2008
We present the first comparative cell lineage analysis of uniramous and biramous limbs of an arthropod, the crustacean Orchestia cavimana. Via single cell labelling of the cells that are involved in limb development, we are able to present the first complete clonal composition of an arthropod limb. We show that ...
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