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Zahn Jasmin T - - 2011
Cellular ageing can lead to altered cell mechanical properties and is known to affect many fundamental physiological cell functions. To reveal age-dependent changes in cell mechanical properties and in active mechanoresponses, the stiffness of human fibroblasts from differently aged donors was determined, as well as the cell's reaction to periodic ...
Sreejalekshmi P - - 2011
The objective of this experiment was to assess the features and extent of follicular apoptosis in the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) ovary using classical histology and nick end labelling technique. Ovaries (n = 40) procured from the slaughterhouse were used for the study. The sections (5 μm) were used for detection of terminal ...
Mlynarczuk J - - 2011
The current investigations were undertaken to study the mechanism of the adverse effect of phytoestrogens on the function of bovine granulosa (follicles >1< cm in diameter) and luteal cells from day 1-5, 6-10, 11-15, 16-19 of the oestrous cycle. The cells were incubated with genistein, daidzein or coumestrol (each at the ...
Dyce Paul W - - 2011
We previously reported the differentiation of cells derived from porcine female fetal skin into cells resembling germ cells and oocytes. A subpopulation of these cells expressed germ cell markers and formed aggregates resembling cumulus-oocyte complexes. Some of these aggregates extruded large oocyte-like cells (OLCs) that expressed markers consistent with those ...
Whyte J J - - 2011
The success of cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer is unpredictable due in part to abnormal patterns of DNA methylation and histone modifications in the donor genome. The state of these epigenetic markers appears to regulate the timing and degree of embryonic gene expression by altering chromatin structure. In this ...
Hannani Dalil - - 2010
Graft versus host disease (GvHD) is the main complication after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation.Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is a cell therapy currently used for the treatment of T-cell–mediated diseases and seems as a valuable second-line therapy for patients suffering from steroid-refractory acute or chronic GvHD. ECP induces the apoptosis of treated cells ...
Arikan Ş - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cholesterol on progesterone production during long-term culturing of luteal cell subpopulations at early and late luteal stages of the goat corpora lutea. Corpora lutea were collected from Angora goats on days 5 and 15 of the oestrous cycle. ...
Yamashita Hiromichi - - 2011
This study examined the molecular mechanism by which BMP-4 inhibits progesterone production and the expression of genes involved in steroidogenesis. Granulosa cells were cultured in medium with or without BMP-4 for 0-96 h. BMP-4 inhibited progesterone secretion in granulosa cells and suppressed the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) ...
Tanii Ichiro - - 2011
The developing acrosome in spermatids contains pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP). However, the role of the acrosomal PACAP remains unclear because it has not been detected in mature spermatids and sperm. We reinvestigated whether the sperm acrosome contains PACAP. An antiserum produced against PACAP reacted to the anterior acrosome in ...
Matsuda Fuko - - 2011
In mammalian ovaries, most follicles are lost by atresia before ovulation. It has become apparent that the apoptosis of granulosa cells induces follicular atresia. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3), also called FKHRL1 (forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma-like 1), is a proapoptotic molecule that belongs to the FOXO subfamily of forkhead transcription factors. Foxo3-deficient ...
Noma Noritaka - - 2011
Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like factors [amphiregulin (AREG), betacellulin, and epiregulin] are induced by LH and activate the EGF receptor (ERBB1)/ERK1/2 pathway in granulosa cells and cumulus cells of preovulatory follicles to impact ovulation. However, the expression and roles of other ERBB family members and their ligands have not been explored ...
Dressing Gwen E - - 2010
Although there is substantial evidence that membrane progestin receptors (mPRs) perform a critical physiological role in meiotic maturation of fish oocytes, it is unknown whether they are also intermediaries in progestin signaling in the surrounding follicular cells. Here, we show that mPRα protein is located on the plasma membranes of ...
Oktem Ozgur - - 2011
c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway has been shown to be essential for cell cycle progression and mitosis. We previously showed that this pathway is activated in mitotic granulosa cells of follicles from transitional to antral stages. In this study, we, therefore, aimed to investigate whether this signaling pathway has any ...
Pulkki Minna M - - 2011
Oocyte-derived bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP15) is critical for the regulation of mammalian fertility. Previously we have found that a C-terminal His(6)-tag destroys the bioactivity of growth differentiation-9 (GDF9, a homolog of BMP15). In this study we found that recombinant human BMP15 is produced by HEK-293T cells in an active form, ...
Zhang Meijia - - 2010
Granulosa cells of mammalian Graafian follicles maintain oocytes in meiotic arrest, which prevents their precocious maturation. We show that mouse mural granulosa cells, which line the follicle wall, express natriuretic peptide precursor type C (Nppc) messenger RNA (mRNA), whereas cumulus cells surrounding oocytes express mRNA of the NPPC receptor NPR2, ...
Rodriguez Hurtado I - - 2011
Hyaluronan (HA), a glycosaminoglycan, is a major component of the pericellular matrix which envelopes mammalian cells. Binding of hyaluronan to one of its specific receptors, CD44, modulates transduction of intracellular signals which direct a variety of processes, including embryogenesis, wound healing, inflammation, and neoplasia. Since regulation of these processes is ...
Raucci Franca - - 2011
We performed an immunohistochemical study to determine the immunolocalization of c-kit and stem cell factor (SCF) in ovarian follicles during the reproductive cycle of the lizard, Podarcis s. sicula. Follicles were serially cut and used for histological and histochemical characterization and also for immunohistochemical detection of both c-kit and SCF. ...
Horling Katja K Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Martin Luther University Faculty of Medicine, Halle (Saale), Germany. - - 2011
A well-balanced activity of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is necessary for normal ovarian function. As known from murine AhR knock-out (KO) models, the AhR is involved in folliculogenesis, gonadotrophin receptor expression, proliferation of granulosa cells and intraovarian estrogen signalling. Highly potent, non-physiological ligands such as the dioxin 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) ...
Choi Dong-Hee - - 2010
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder found in women. The etiology of PCOS is still not clear, and there are no available studies on the proteome analysis of granulosa cells (GCs) in PCOS patients. To identify the pathogenic mechanisms and potential diagnostic markers for PCOS, we ...
Yu Di - - 2010
Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells provide help to B cells and allow formation of long-lived antibody responses. Despite an improved understanding of the molecular program that drives Tfh cell formation, their definition remains elusive: neither follicular homing ability, Bcl-6 expression nor IL-21 secretion are exclusive properties of T cells that ...
Krotz Stephan P - - 2010
create a 3-Dimensional artificial human ovary to mature human oocytes. theca and granulosa cells were isolated from antral follicles of reproductive-aged women, seeded into micro-molded gels and self-assembled into complex 3D microtissues. Immunohistochemistry and live-dead staining confirmed theca cell identity and cellular viability at one week respectively. Placement of granulosa ...
Jang Goo - - 2010
Although somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) technology and applications are well developed in most domesticated and laboratory animals, their use in dogs has advanced only slowly. Many technical difficulties had to be overcome before preliminary experiments could be conducted. First, due to the very low efficiency of dog oocyte maturation ...
Thomson Travis C - - 2010
A great deal of evolutionary conservation has been found in the control of oocyte development, from invertebrates to women. However, little is known of mechanisms that control oocyte loss over time. Oocyte loss is often assumed to be a result of oocyte-intrinsic deficiencies or damage. In fruit flies, starvation results ...
Choi Jongyeob - - 2011
This study evaluated the effect of autophagosome accumulation on apoptotic cell death in granulosa cells from developing follicles. Our results indicate that the accumulation of autophagosomes induces apoptotic cell death of granulosa cells through decreased bcl-2 expression and subsequent caspase activation.
Young J M JM Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2010
Theca cells function in a diverse range of necessary roles during folliculogenesis; to synthesize androgens, provide crosstalk with granulosa cells and oocytes during development, and provide structural support of the growing follicle as it progresses through the developmental stages to produce a mature and fertilizable oocyte. Thecal cells are thought ...
Tan Tu Quang - - 2010
The effect of GS (ginsenosides) on proliferation of chicken GCs (granulosa cells) from prehierarchical SYF (small yellow follicles) was evaluated, and involvement of the PKC (protein kinase C) signalling pathway as well as mRNA expression of cyclins and CDK (cyclin-dependent kinase) were investigated. Whole SYF or GCs isolated from SYF ...
Townson David H - - 2010
Apoptosis is a mechanism of cell elimination during follicular atresia and luteal regression. Recent evidence suggests sensitivity to apoptosis in some cell types is partly dependent upon cytokeratin-containing intermediate filaments. Specifically, cytokeratin 8/18 (CK8/18) filaments are thought to impart resistance to apoptosis. Here, cytokeratin filament expression within bovine ovarian follicles ...
Basini Giuseppina - - 2010
Several resveratrol analogues have been designed to improve bioactivity: among these polymethoxystilbenes appear to be particularly promising. The present study was set up to investigate the biological functions of polymethoxystilbenes 2 and 3, recently found in our lab as antiangiogenic agents, on a well-defined swine granulosa cell model. Proliferative activity ...
Downs Stephen M SM Department of Biological Sciences, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233, USA. - - 2010
Regulation of maturation in meiotically competent mammalian oocytes is a complex process involving the carefully coordinated exchange of signals between the somatic and germ cell compartments of the ovarian follicle via paracrine and cell-cell coupling pathways. This review highlights recent advances in our understanding of how such signaling controls both ...
Yuan Gongjie - - 2010
Hormone deficiency has been recognized as a risk factor for periodontal disease in postmenopausal women. However, the anabolic effects of progesterone on human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) are still unclear. Therefore, the objective of this study was to detect the expression of progesterone receptor (PgR) in hPDLCs and investigate the ...
Wang Wei - - 2010
Cell morphology and proliferation was investigated in the atretic follicles during estrous cycles in the guinea pig. Ovarian samples on days 1, 4, 8, 12 and 16 of the estrous cycle in the guinea pig were taken in the morning for histologic staining with hematoxylin and eosin (HE), and immunohistochemical ...
Wessel Gary M GM Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. - - 2010
Echinoderms are closely related to chordates and comprise a major group of invertebrate deuterostomes. They are broadcast spawners and as such, each female accumulates millions of eggs and oocytes. These cells are readily isolated, and are often large, clear, and surrounded by accessory cells and extracellular coverings that do not ...
Portela Valerio M - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) are involved in paracrine signaling between cell types in the ovarian follicle. FGF8, for example, is secreted by oocytes and controls cumulus cell metabolism. The closely related FGF18 is also expressed in oocytes in mice. The objective of this study was to assess the potential role ...
Thomson T C - - 2010
We show here that similar to starvation, ingestion of the bacterial product rapamycin (RAP) interferes with egg production in female Drosophila. RAP ingestion results in posterior follicle cells (PFC) in stage 8/9 egg chambers losing epithelial polarity, after which PFC invade and phagocytose the oocyte. Nurse cell apoptosis then occurs, ...
Serke H - - 2010
CONTEXT: The oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and its lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) are found in the follicular fluid and in granulosa cells. Lipoprotein receptors and antioxidant enzymes could differ in granulosa cell subtypes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to reveal cell-specific responses under oxLDL treatment. DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted basic ...
Chen Shee-Uan - - 2010
CONTEXT: The corpus luteum is a dynamic endocrine structure with periodic development and regression during menstrual cycles. Its lifespan can be prolonged by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). However, the signal mechanisms of this phenomenon remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of hCG in the maintenance ...
Wang Xin - - 2010
The influence of phthalate esters di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) on uterine prostaglandin (PGF2alpha and PGE2) and ovarian oxytocin secretion was investigated. Endometrial, granulosa, and luteal cells from cows on days 8-12 of the estrous cycle were treated with DEHP or MEHP (0.1, 1, or 10 ng/mL). We ...
Huang Zhongwei - - 2010
It is widely recognized that bi-directional communication exists between the human oocyte and cumulus cells (CCs) which is essential for the production of competent oocytes. CCs originate from granulosa cells (GCs) which differentiate into mural GCs and CCs during follicular antrum formation. CCs are biologically distinct from other follicular cells ...
Bhardwaj Jitender Kumar - - 2011
Quantitative analysis of follicular fluid and granulosa cells from small, medium and large antral atretic follicles of goat (Capra hircus) ovaries was conducted to study the alterations in trace elements viz zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), and iron (Fe). The zinc content was lower in the follicular fluid (0.993 ± 0.001, ...
Irusta Griselda - - 2010
The aim of the present work was to analyze the direct effect of VEGF in follicular cell proliferation, apoptosis and activation of the PI3K/AKT and ERK/MEK signaling pathways in early antral follicles or granulosa cells. Antral follicles or granulosa cells were isolated from prepubertal female Sprague Dawley rats treated with ...
Sakumoto Ryosuke - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to determine whether corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) influences porcine corpus luteum function. The gene expressions of CRH receptors (CRH-R) were determined in the CLs of Chinese Meishan pigs during the estrous cycle. The effects of CRH on progesterone (P), estradiol-17β (E) and prostaglandin (PG) ...
Neto A C Assis - - 2010
Elevated blood testosterone concentrations, often accompanied by male-typical behaviors, is a common signalment of mares with granulosa-theca cell tumors (GCTCs), but no definitive information exists regarding the cellular differentiation of tumors associated with androgen secretion. This study was conducted to localize and thereby define the cellular expression of 17alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase cytochrome ...
Gautier Thomas - - 2010
Thus far, liver, intestine, heart, and placenta have been shown to secrete apolipoprotein (apo)B-containing lipoproteins. In the present study, we first investigated lipoproteins in human follicular fluid (FF), surrounding developing oocytes within the ovary, as well as in corresponding plasma samples (n = 12). HDL cholesterol within FF correlated well ...
Riesgo Ana - - 2010
During spermatogenesis of the carnivorous sponge Asbestopluma occidentalis, follicle cells that lined the spermatocysts phagocytosed unreleased mature sperm. Such follicle cells are part of the complex envelope that limits spermatocysts of A. occidentalis, which is also comprised of a collagen layer, a thick layer of intertwined cells, and spicules. Follicle ...
Durlej Malgorzata - - 2010
Progesterone plays a central role in the regulation of ovarian functions. Progesterone receptor (PGR) is expressed as two isoforms, PGRA and PGRB, which have been shown to have different functional activities. This immunohistochemical study describes the diverse localization of PGRA and PGRB in the porcine ovarian components: small and large ...
Hawkins S M - - 2010
An enormous amount of knowledge about the ovary has been generated over the last two decades, due in part to the development of strategies to genetically manipulate the mouse using embryonic stem cell technology. Our group and others have identified multiple factors that are important and essential at all stages ...
Kidder Gerald M - - 2010
Female fertility is determined to a large extent by the quality (developmental competence) of the oocyte as reflected in its ability to undergo meiosis, be fertilized, and give rise to a healthy embryo. Growth of the mammalian oocyte is coordinated with that of the follicle that encloses it by the ...
Merkwitz Claudia - - 2010
Hematopoietic-like colonies develop in post-confluent granulosa cell cultures derived from bovine antral follicles. Previously, we had shown that these colonies gave rise to macrophages. In the present study, we validated the presence of somatic KIT-positive (KIT(+)) progenitor cells in colony-containing granulosa cell cultures. The cultures expressed the progenitor cell markers ...
Selvaraju S - - 2010
Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is known for its weak/silent estrous behaviour, lower conception rate and longer inter-calving interval as compared to cattle. Understanding the kinetics and functional properties of luteal cells may be helpful to improve reproductive efficiency in the buffalo. Hence the present study was designed to assess the size ...
Rodgers Raymond J - - 2010
The formation of the follicular antrum and follicular fluid has received scant attention from researchers, yet both are important processes in follicular development. The central hypothesis on follicular fluid formation suggests that production by granulosa cells of hyaluronan and the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan versican generates an osmotic gradient. This gradient ...
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