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Results 401 - 450 of 1906
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Su You-Qiang - - 2004
Bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) are oocyte-specific growth factors that appear to play key roles in granulosa cell development and fertility in most mammalian species. We have evaluated the role(s) of these paracrine factors in the development and function of both the cumulus cells ...
Chian Ri-Cheng - - 2004
Improving pregnancy rates associated with the use of cryopreserved human oocytes would be an important advance in human assisted reproductive technology (ART). Vitrification allows glasslike solidification of a solution without ice crystal formation in the living cells. We have attempted to improve the survival rates of oocytes by a vitrification ...
Feranil J B - - 2004
The present study was carried out to describe the proliferative activity of granulosa and theca cells in healthy antral and atretic follicles of Philippine buffaloes (BU) and Holstein-Friesian (HF) cows. Paraffin sections of ovary were immunostained with mouse monoclonal antibody to proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Then the follicles were ...
Ottolenghi Chris - - 2004
We review age-related changes in the ovary and their effect on female fertility, with particular emphasis on follicle formation, follicle dynamics, and oocyte quality. The evidence indicates that the developmental processes leading to follicle formation set the rules determining follicle quiescence and growth. This regulatory system is maintained until menopause ...
Choudhary Ekta - - 2005
We examined the responsiveness of large luteal cells (LLC), small luteal cells (SLC), and endothelial cells of the Day 4 and Day 10 bovine corpus luteum (CL) to prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha and endothelin (ET)-1. Using a single-cell approach, we tested the ability of each agonist to increase the cytoplasmic concentration ...
Combelles Catherine M H - - 2004
In the mammalian ovarian follicle, paracrine signaling between the oocyte and somatic granulosa cells is bidirectional but the structural basis and physiological regulations of communication between gametic and somatic compartments remain unknown. The present experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) regulates the ability of ...
Bertelsen Eirin Listau - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Non-genomic mechanisms have been proposed to play a role in progesterone-dependent cell growth inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The human cell line C-4I, derived from a squamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix, was progesterone receptor-negative. The culture medium contained 10% (v/v) fetal calf serum and the cells, growing in monolayer, ...
Richings Nadine M - - 2004
Here we report the first use of intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in a marsupial, the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii), to achieve in vitro fertilization and cleavage. A single epididymal spermatozoon was injected into the cytoplasm of each mature oocyte collected from Graafian follicles or from the oviduct within hours of ...
Tozer A J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional characteristics of granulosa cell populations of individual follicles of women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for IVF/ICSI in whom gonadotrophin had been withheld ('coasted') for the prevention of OHSS. METHODS: Follicular fluid and granulosa cells were isolated from 224 ...
Carapelli Alessandro - - 2004
M-cells are believed to play a pivotal role in initiation of the immune response. These cells, located in the epithelia that overlie mucosal lymphoid follicles, are responsible for the active uptake of particulate antigens and for their translocation to the underlying lymphoid tissue. The identification of reliable markers for M-cells ...
Pelletier G - - 2004
The enzyme 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17beta-HSD) type 1 catalyzes the conversion of estrone (E1) into 17beta estradiol (E2). To gain information about the cellular localization of 17beta-HSD mRNA type 1 expression, we performed in situ hybridization using a 35S-labeled cRNA probe in several tissues of adult mice of both sexes. In ...
Albertini David F - - 2004
Drosophila has been an excellent model system to study the cell and molecular determinants of oocyte axis specification, a problem which is little known in mammalian species. Recent evidence supports the notion that mammalian oocytes utilize axis-orienting properties during the course of oogenesis. Among these, axis specification in relation to ...
Tafoya Michael A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the expression of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) alpha and beta subunits in rat granulosa cells and determine the effects sGC activation on levels of cyclic GMP (cGMP), E2, and cAMP. DESIGN: Basic research study. SETTING: University research laboratory. ANIMAL(S): Estrogen-treated immature Sprague-Dawley female rats from which primary ...
Cannon Jennifer D - - 2005
Granulosa cell proliferation during luteinization and terminal differentiation has historically been assumed to decline rapidly after an ovulatory stimulus. In contrast, terminal differentiation in other cell types has recently been associated with a transient increase in proliferation, suggesting that this may occur in the ovarian follicle. The goal of the ...
Yang Peixin - - 2004
Perinatal expression of estrogen receptor (ER) protein and mRNA and the influence of FSH on this process were examined by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR using ovaries from fetal (d 13-15 of gestation) and postnatal [postnatal d 1-15 (P1-P15)] hamsters and from 8-d-old hamsters exposed in utero to an anti-FSH serum on ...
Goldman Shlomit - - 2004
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) have been postulated to play a critical role in the extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling associated with follicular development. The gelatinases were localized to the theca of developing follicles and in the stroma of the rodent ovary. Gelatinolytic activity corresponded with the ...
Warriach Hassan M - - 2004
This study evaluated the meiotic competence of buffalo oocytes with different layers of cumulus cells. A total of 588 oocytes were collected from 775 ovaries averaging 0.78 oocytes per ovary. Oocytes with homogenous cytoplasm (n = 441) were selected for in vitro maturation (IVM) and divided into four groups based ...
Basini Giuseppina - - 2004
Follicular growth is characterized by an augmented vascularization, possibly driven by a fall in the oxygen supply. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of hypoxia on swine granulosa cells. At first, we quantified oxygen partial pressure (pO2) in follicular fluid from different size follicles; the granulosa cells ...
Shimada Masayuki - - 2004
The present study aimed to investigate progesterone receptor (PR) gene expression in cumulus cells and their roles during meiotic resumption of porcine oocytes. The amount of PR-A or PR-B mRNA was analyzed by RT-PCR using primer sets for the PR-B region or the PR-A/B common region. The level of PR-B ...
Rooke J A - - 2004
Three experiments determined first, the effect of increasing ammonium chloride (NH(4)Cl) concentrations on the growth and metabolism of bovine granulosa cells isolated from small and medium-sized bovine ovarian follicles; secondly, whether the changes in granulosa cell growth and metabolism induced by NH(4)Cl were reversible; and thirdly, whether granulosa cells, previously ...
Kamo Atsuko - - 2004
During the process of follicular atresia, cells are observed to invade the zona pellucida (invasive cells) where they presumably play an important role in eliminating degraded oocytes. Although our preliminary studies have suggested that these cells may originate from granulosa cells and not from macrophages, a detailed morphological analysis of ...
Pedersen Hanne G - - 2004
The effects of ovary holding time and temperature on granulosa cell apoptosis, oocyte chromatin configuration and cumulus morphology were investigated through a series of experiments. Three experiments were performed to determine the effect of ovary holding time and temperature on granulosa cell apoptosis. Ovaries were held (1) at 20, 30 ...
Quirk Susan M - - 2004
Our previous studies showed that exposure of bovine preovulatory follicles to the LH surge-induced resistance of granulosa cells, but not theca cells, to apoptosis. Here, the temporal development of resistance to apoptosis and potential roles of progesterone receptor (PR) and alterations in the cell cycle in mediating this effect were ...
Gilchrist R B - - 2004
Our current perspectives on the relationship between the oocyte and its surrounding somatic cells are changing as we gain a greater understanding of factors regulating folliculogenesis. It is now widely accepted that the oocyte plays a very active role in promoting follicle growth and directing granulosa cell differentiation. The oocyte ...
Irving-Rodgers Helen F - - 2004
Basal laminas are important sheets of specialized extracellular matrix that underlie and surround groups of cells, such as epithelia or endothelia, enabling the cells to orientate their basal/apical polarity and creating a microenvironment for them. Basal laminas can also individually encapsulate whole cells, such as muscle cells, thereby forming a ...
Cecconi Sandra - - 2004
Throughout oogenesis the oocyte and follicle cells establish an intricate system of mutual interactions that ultimately lead to the acquisition of their respective competences. Paracrine factors released by both cell types are believed to stimulate formation of the primordial follicle and support the initial phases of follicle growth. At the ...
Huynh Jean-René - - 2004
The anterior-posterior axis of Drosophila is established before fertilisation when the oocyte becomes polarised to direct the localisation of bicoid and oskar mRNAs to opposite poles of the egg. Here we review recent results that reveal that the oocyte acquires polarity much earlier than previously thought, at the time when ...
Cinamon Guy - - 2004
The factors directing marginal zone B cells to the splenic marginal zone are not well understood. Here we report that FTY720, a drug that targets sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors, induced marginal zone B cell migration into follicles. Marginal zone B cells expressed S1P receptors 1 and 3 (S1P(1) and S1P(3), ...
Clark Leigh J - - 2004
Currently, histological classifications of ovarian follicular atresia are almost exclusively based on the morphology of the membrana granulosa without reference to the theca interna. Atresia in the bovine small antral ovarian follicle has been redefined into antral or basal atresia where cell death commences initially within antral or basal regions ...
Jeschke Udo - - 2004
Galectin-1 (gal-1), a member of the mammalian beta-galactoside-binding proteins, recognizes preferentially Galbeta1-4GlcNAc sequences of oligosaccharides associated with several cell surface glycoconjugates. As demonstrated histochemically, the lectin recognizes appropriate glycoepitopes on the syncytiotrophoblast and on chorionic carcinoma cells (BeWo). Freshly isolated trophoblast cells and trophoblast tumor cells Jeg3 did not bind ...
Maurizii Maria Gabriella - - 2004
During most of the previtellogenic oocyte growth, the follicular epithelium of the lizard Podarcis sicula shows a polymorphic structure, due to the presence of different follicle cells. These include small cells which divide and move from the periphery of the follicle to the oocyte surface, intermediate cells which represent an ...
Argov Nurit - - 2004
Lipoproteins in the plasma are the major source of cholesterol obtained by the ovarian theca and granulosa cells for steroidogenesis. In this study, we have identified mRNA expression in bovine theca and granulosa cells of two lipoprotein receptors, low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) and very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLr) ...
Yen H-W - - 2004
The elevated insulin concentrations that occur in many women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can contribute significantly to ovarian hyperandrogenism. The objective of the present study was to compare the content of proximal insulin signalling molecules in theca and granulosa cells between polycystic ovaries and regular cycling controls. Individual follicles ...
Veitch Gregory I - - 2004
Studies of mice with targeted disruptions of specific connexin genes have revealed that at least two connexins, connexin37 (Cx37) and connexin43 (Cx43), play essential roles in ovarian follicle development. To explore the respective roles of these two connexins in gap-junctional communication between the developing murine oocyte and its surrounding cumulus ...
Koskela K - - 2004
Previous studies on mammals have demonstrated that a tumour necrosis factor family member, B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) (BlyS, TALL-1), is mainly produced by myeloid and dendritic cells and that BAFF promotes B-cell differentiation and survival in a paracrine fashion. We have recently shown that BAFF is upregulated at the bursal stage ...
Wu Jianqiang - - 2004
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptors (FSHR) are critically involved in mediating the responses of granulosa cells and Sertoli cells to FSH. The dynamic changes in cell surface FSH receptors (FSHR) in response to FSH remain unclear in part because of the heavy reliance on ligand-binding methodologies. This study was designed to ...
Adám Géza - - 2004
The intracellular localization of the 26S proteasome in the different ovarian cell types of Drosophila melanogaster was studied by means of immunofluorescence staining and laser scanning microscopy, with the use of antibodies specific for regulatory complex subunits or the catalytic core of the 26S proteasome. During the previtellogenic phase of ...
Bukovsky Antonin - - 2004
Recent reports indicate that functional mouse oocytes and sperm can be derived in vitro from somatic cell lines. We hypothesize that in adult human ovaries, mesenchymal cells in the tunica albuginea (TA) are bipotent progenitors with a commitment for both primitive granulosa and germ cells. We investigated ovaries of twelve ...
Fuller Peter J - - 2004
Granulosa cell tumours represent approximately 5% of all malignant ovarian tumours. They exhibit many morphological, biochemical and hormonal features of proliferating normal preovulatory granulosa cells, including both estrogen and inhibin biosynthesis. The aetiology of these tumours remains unclear, although many recent studies and several animal models have focused on signalling ...
Obermüller Nicholas - - 2004
A local renin-angiotensin system (RAS), including specific angiotensin II receptor subtypes, is present in the rat ovary. Immunohistochemistry using a polyclonal antibody and mRNA in situ hybridization were performed on perfusion-fixed, paraffin-embedded ovaries obtained from untreated sexually mature, normally cycling rats. Immunofluorescent staining revealed an exclusive and distinct labeling of ...
Nishimura Ryo - - 2004
Luteinizing hormone (LH)-stimulated steroidogenesis in luteal cells is known to be mediated through the activation of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase, and to be also modulated by calcium-dependent mechanisms. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that LH stimulates progesterone (P4) production in bovine luteal cells through activation of ...
Salvador Lisa M - - 2004
A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) function to target protein kinase A (PKA) to specific locations within the cell. AKAPs are functionally identified by their ability to bind the type II regulatory subunits (RII) of PKA in an in vitro overlay assay. We previously showed that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) induces the expression ...
Gava Natalie - - 2004
Progesterone plays a central role in the regulation of ovarian function. The progesterone receptor (PR) has been shown to be essential for ovulation because mice lacking PR fail to ovulate and are infertile. PR is expressed as two isoforms, PRA and PRB, which have been shown to have different functional ...
Thompson Winston E - - 2004
Prohibitin is a ubiquitous and highly conserved protein implicated as an important regulator in cell survival. Prohibitin content is inversely associated with cell proliferation, but it increases during granulosa cell differentiation as well as in earlier events of apoptosis in a temperature-sensitive granulosa cell line. In the present study, we ...
Maret Michel - - 2004
We compared the production of IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, and of IL-1Ra isoforms by cultured human dermal (HDF) and synovial fibroblasts (HSF) in response to IL-1alpha, TNF-alpha, or direct T cell membrane contact. IL-1Ra was constitutively present in the cell lysates of cultured HDF and its synthesis increased in stimulated cells, whereas ...
McElroy A P - - 2004
Folliculogenesis in domestic hens appears to be controlled by numerous factors, particularly the gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The involvement of LH in follicular steroidogenesis has been described in some detail; however, the specific role of FSH has remained elusive. In 3 experiments, the effects of ovine ...
Nicosia Santo V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The human ovarian surface epithelium (HOSE) is the putative source of ovarian epithelial cancer, the most lethal gynecologic malignancy that affects women in the United States. The current study was designed to provide a database of normal HOSE cell features for diagnostic and research applications. METHODS: HOSE was harvested ...
AMROZI
The objective of this study was to describe the distribution of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) in the first wave dominant follicle, preovulatory dominant follicle and corpus luteum in Japanese Black cows by means of immunohistochemistry. Cows (n=9) were randomly divided into 3 groups in accordance with the day of ovariectomy ...
Hickey T E - - 2004
Androgens acting via the androgen receptor (AR) have been implicated in regulation of folliculogenesis in many animal species. These effects are possibly mediated via enhancement of FSH and/or insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I activity in granulosa cells, which contain high levels of AR protein. We examined the in vitro effect of ...
Hunter R H F - - 2004
This essay argues strongly that for those sperm cells involved in fertilisation, the process of capacitation represents an active and specific coordination within succeeding regions of the female tract and one whose completion is synchronised with the events of ovulation. Observations on the time-course of capacitation when spermatozoa are first ...
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