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Results 351 - 400 of 1906
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Pangas Stephanie A - - 2005
The process of cumulus cell expansion is critical for normal fertility. Oocyte-produced growth and differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) has been thought to play a leading role in this process. Recent studies both support and refute this hypothesis. Central to understanding the physiology of GDF9 is the use of recombinant ligand ...
Hardtke Svenja - - 2005
The production of high-affinity antibodies to T-dependent antigens requires the interaction of B cells and T helper cells expressing receptors specific for the same antigen. Although several mechanisms have been elucidated that regulate B-cell trafficking within lymphoid organs, less is known about molecular cues that guide the small subpopulation of ...
Gräs Søren - - 2005
Following the midcyclic gonadotropin surge, PACAP is transiently expressed for approximately 12 h in the cyclic adult rat ovary. PACAP is observed in granulosa/lutein cells of the large mature follicles destined to ovulate and is believed to be a regulator of acute progesterone production and luteinization in these follicles. PACAP ...
Yeh Tien-Shun - - 2005
Ovarian granulosa cells are known to play a key role in regulating ovarian physiology. Age increases apoptosis in follicular granulosa cells and subsequently decreases ovarian fecundity. The aging ovary also contains fewer follicles that possess fewer granulosa cells. The viability of follicular granulosa cells may be essential for development of ...
Nichols Nicole - - 2005
Relaxin-like factor/insulin-like peptide (INSL)-3 is highly expressed in the bovine corpus luteum throughout the estrous cycle and pregnancy. Demonstration of translation of the relaxin-like factor message was previously shown for the follicle but not the corpus luteum. In this study, relaxin-like factor mRNA was highly expressed in the corpus luteum ...
Fatehi A Nader - - 2005
The present study was conducted to evaluate the function of cumulus cells during bovine IVF Oocytes within cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) or denuded oocytes (DOs) were inseminated in control medium, or DOs were inseminated in cumulus cell conditioned medium (CCCM). DOs exhibited reduced cleavage and blastocyst formation rates when compared with ...
Yuan Y Q - - 2005
Aim of our study was to clarify if the occurrence of apoptosis in oocytes and cumulus cells is correlated to bovine oocyte developmental competence. The cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were selected according to cumulus status: G1 with more than five layers of compact cumulus cells, G2 with one to five layers ...
Brankin Victoria - - 2005
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play important roles in controlling fertility and ovulation rate. There is however, little information on the BMP system in the ovary of a large polyovular species. The aims of the present study were to investigate BMP-2 and -6 protein expression in the porcine ovary, their effects ...
Tsai Nu-Man - - 2005
Granulosa cells are known to contribute to maturation of oocytes, and most of the growth factors exert their action via granulosa cells. It has been established that granulosa cell death during follicular atresia and luteolysis results from apoptosis. However, the precise mechanistic pathways of granulosa cell apoptosis have not yet ...
Høyer Poul Erik - - 2005
The distribution of the tyrosine kinase receptor c-Kit and its ligand stem cell factor (SCF) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in primordial germ cells (PGCs) and human embryonic gonads during weeks 5-8 of prenatal life, and fetal ovaries during weeks 9-36 of prenatal life. Distinct c-Kit and SCF staining was present ...
Muzzopappa Mariana - - 2005
Substrate-specific degradation of proteins by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is a precise mechanism that controls the abundance of key cell regulators. SCF complexes are a family of E3 ubiquitin ligases that target specific proteins for destruction at the 26S-proteasome. These complexes are composed of three constant polypeptides--Skp1, Cullin1/3 and Roc1/Rbx1--and a ...
Eppig John J - - 2005
A search for genes expressed more highly in mouse cumulus cells than mural granulosa cells by subtraction hybridization yielded Slc38a3. SLC38A3 is a sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporter having substrate preference for l-glutamate, l-histidine, and l-alanine. Detectable levels of Slc38a3 mRNA were found by in situ hybridization in granulosa cells ...
Phan Tri Giang - - 2005
The early responses of follicular (Fo) and marginal zone (MZ) B cells to T cell-dependent Ag were compared using anti-hen egg lysozyme (HEL+) B cells capable of class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation (SHM). Purified CD21/(35int)CD23high Fo and CD21/35(high)CD23low MZ splenic B cells from SW(HEL) Ig-transgenic mice were transferred into ...
Guigon Céline J - - 2005
Although it has been suggested that in mammals the loss of female germ cells may induce the masculinization of the ovarian compartment, there has been as yet no conclusive demonstration. To directly address that question, the present study has been designed to determine the fate of follicular cells after oocyte ...
Fields Michele L - - 2005
Anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) B cells are regulated in non-autoimmune mice. While some are deleted or undergo receptor editing, a population of anti-dsDNA (VH3H9/V lambda 1) B cells that emigrate into the periphery has also been identified. These cells have an altered phenotype relative to normal B cells in that they ...
Basini Giuseppina - - 2005
The use of herbs as additives in livestock nutrition as an alternative to antibiotics is becoming a new goal in animal production. It is known that green tea exerts antimicrobial activity owing to specific flavonoid compounds named catechins, primarily represented by epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). Remarkably, despite many potential benefits of green ...
McNatty Kenneth P - - 2005
The oocyte-secreted polypeptide growth factors, growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15, also known as GDF9B) have both been shown to be essential for ovarian follicular growth and function. The effects of murine (m) and ovine (o) GDF9 as well as oBMP15, alone or together, on ...
Bukovsky Antonin - - 2005
The origin of oocytes and primary follicles in ovaries of adult mammalian females has been a matter of dispute for over 100 yr. The prevailing belief that all oocytes in adult mammalian females must persist from the fetal period of life seems to be a uniquely retrogressive reproductive mechanism requiring ...
Plancha Carlos E - - 2005
Polarity is an important aspect of oogenesis and early development for many animal groups, but only recently it has become relevant to the study of mammals. Mammalian oocyte development occurs through tight coordination and interaction between all ovarian structures. In fact, bi-directional communication between the oocyte and its companion granulosa ...
Hasegawa Junichi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the progesterone receptor (PR) level is transiently increased within the follicle by LH stimulation and controls cumulus cells in follicles and oocyte maturation. The purpose of this study was to predict developmental competence of human oocytes during IVF via analysis of PR in cumulus ...
Alam Mohammad Ashraful - - 2005
Androgen plays an important role in the developing ovaries of female fish. However, little is known regarding either the sites of production of androgen or its functional roles. In the present study, we investigated immunohistochemically the localization of cholesterol-side-chain-cleavage (P450scc) and cytochrome P45011beta-hydroxylase (P45011beta) with antibodies P450scc and P45011beta in ...
Sugiura Koji - - 2005
Intercellular communication between oocytes and granulosa cells is essential for normal follicular differentiation and oocyte development. Subtraction hybridization was used to identify genes more highly expressed in cumulus cells than in mural granulosa cells of mouse antral follicles. This screen identified six genes involved in glycolysis: Eno1, Pkm2, Tpi, Aldoa, ...
Cavaliere Valeria - - 2005
The Drosophila Akt (dAkt) serine/threonine kinase is a component of the insulin receptor/PI3K signaling pathway that regulates cell growth. Here, we show that this kinase is expressed during Drosophila oogenesis and is required for egg chamber development. Loss of dAkt function in follicle cells causes a cell-autonomous reduction of cell ...
Valdez K E - - 2005
The first wave of follicular development following ovulation in cattle is characterized by selection and growth of a large, estrogenic dominant follicle. After the follicle becomes morphologically dominant, concentrations of estradiol in its follicular fluid decrease abruptly. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this decrease in estrogen ...
Lin Ming-Te - - 2005
In order to establish an immortalized granulosa cell line and to investigate the potential mechanisms of immortalized cell proliferation, simian virus (SV) 40 was used to infect porcine granulosa cells from small follicles (1-2 mm in diameter), and one colony was selected after four weeks of culture. The colony was ...
Paciga Mark - - 2005
The hormone stanniocalcin (STC) is widely distributed, and in rodents the highest levels of expression are in the ovaries. In both cows and rodents, ovarian STC consists of three high-molecular-weight variants collectively known as big STC. In the ovary, big STC is made by theca cells and interstitial cells and ...
Hatoum Hind T - - 2005
This study compared the cost and effectiveness of highly purified, human-derived follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Bravelle) to recombinant FSH (Follistim) using Markov modeling and Monte Carlo simulation. One IVF treatment cycle resulted in costs of 11,584 dollars +/- 211 dollars for human-derived FSH and 12,762 dollars +/- 170 dollars for recombinant ...
Hunter Morag G - - 2005
Oocyte-somatic cell communication is bi-directional and essential for both oocyte and follicular granulosa and theca cell function and development. We have shown that the oocyte secretes factors that stimulate porcine granulosa cell proliferation in serum-free culture, and suppress progesterone production, thereby preventing premature luteinisation. Possible candidates for mediating some of ...
AMROZI
Ovarian dynamics in six Japanese Black cows with two and three follicular waves (FWs) were determined by means of ultrasonography twice daily and blood was sampled for progesterone analysis. Ovariectomy was performed at Day 18 a.m. (Day 0 = estrus) to evaluate the apoptotic cells in the preovulatory dominant follicle ...
Glamoclija Violeta - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To document the expression of activated forms of caspase-3 in human granulosa cells. DESIGN: Laboratory study. SETTING: In vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratory of the Split University Hospital and laboratory of the Department of Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology. PATIENT(S): Ovarian tissues were obtained from women undergoing hysterectomy/ovariectomy for benign conditions ...
Lequarre Anne-Sophie - - 2005
The developmental competence of bovine oocytes isolated from antral follicles of different sizes was assessed in three European laboratories (Belgium, UCL; Denmark, DIAS; France, INRA). Using the same protocol for in vitro production of embryos, the oocytes isolated from follicles with a diameter > or = 6 mm always gave ...
Tao J Y - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in many pathological processes. The present investigation was undertaken to ascertain the effects of NO at high level on porcine oocyte meiotic development. Cumulus-enclosed oocytes (CEOs) and denuded oocytes (DOs) were obtained from the follicles (2-6 mm diameter). Exogenous NO was provided with ...
Richards JoAnne S - - 2005
Protease cascades are essential for many biological events, including the LH-induced process of ovulation. ADAMTS1 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin-like repeats-1) is expressed and hormonally regulated in the ovary by LH and the progesterone receptor. To determine whether other family members might be expressed and regulated in the rodent ...
Sugiura Koji - - 2005
Oocytes orchestrate the rate of follicular development and expression of genes in the surrounding granulosa cells. Oocytes are deficient in their ability to carry out some metabolic processes, such as glycolysis and amino acid uptake, and depend on the cooperation of granulosa cells to carry out these processes. In this ...
MĹ‚ynarczuk J - - 2005
Effect of polychlorinated biphenyles (PCBs) on viability and secretory function of luteal and granulosa cells from mature cows was studied. Luteal cells from corpora lutea of different developmental stages and granulosa cells from follicles of >1 cm< in diameter were used. Neither individual congeners (PCB-126, -77, -153) nor mixture of ...
Irving-Rodgers H F - - 2005
A Call-Exner body appears as a rosette of granulosa cells radially disposed (polarized) around an aggregate of extracellular matrix. The function of these bodies is unknown. A newly described matrix, focimatrix, also develops as aggregates of basal lamina-like material between granulosa cells. It appears much later in follicular development, and ...
da Costa R P Roberto - - 2005
Steroid hormones act via specific receptors, and these play an important physiological role in the ovary. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cellular distribution of progesterone receptors and their staining intensity in different equine luteal structures during the breeding season, as well as their relationship to luteal ...
Teruya Kiichiro - - 2005
The cell line D29, which was easily and rapidly established by the promoter-activated production and glutamine synthetase hybrid system, secreted recombinant human interleukin-6 (hIL-6) at a productivity rate of 39.5 mug 10(-6) cells day(-1), one of the highest reported levels worldwide. The productivity rate was about 130-fold higher than that ...
Duras M - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of progesterone (P4), its precursor (pregnenolone; P5) and metabolite (17beta-hydroksyprogesterone; 17betaOHP4) on secretory function of bovine luteal cells on days 6-10 of the estrous cycle and on intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. The luteal cells were pre-incubated for 24 h and ...
Zelazowska Monika - - 2005
The female reproductive system of the pig louse, Haematopinus suis (Insecta: Phthiraptera) is composed of paired ovaries, lateral oviducts, and a common oviduct that leads into a vagina. Clusters of mycetocytes (= cells filled with symbiotic organisms) are associated with lateral oviducts. Each ovary is composed of five loosely arranged ...
Batchelder Cynthia A - - 2005
Potential applications of somatic cell nuclear transfer to agriculture and medicine are currently constrained by low efficiency and high rates of embryonic, fetal, and neonatal loss. Nuclear transfer efficiency in cattle was compared between three donor-cell treatments from a single animal, between four donor-cell treatments in sequential stages of differentiation ...
Bukovsky Antonin - - 2005
Ten years ago, we reported that in adult human females the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) is a source of germ cells. Recently, we also demonstrated that new primary follicles are formed by assembly of oocytes with nests of primitive granulosa cells in the ovarian cortex. The components of the new ...
Jeschke Udo - - 2005
AIM: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is produced by fetal trophoblast cells and secreted into maternal circulation mainly in the first trimester of pregnancy. Another glycoprotein, glycodelin A, is one of the main products of the maternal decidua during this period. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect ...
Hunter R H F - - 2005
This essay is concerned with the function of ovarian somatic cells, especially those of the cumulus oophorus, that are shed with the oocyte at the time of ovulation. Once dissociated from the surface of the oocyte(s), they remain in its close vicinity or that of the zygote(s) throughout the tubal ...
Havelock Jon C - - 2004
The ovary is a complex endocrine gland responsible for production of sex steroids and is the source of fertilizable ova for reproduction. It also produces various growth factors, transcription factors and cytokines that assist in the complex signaling pathways of folliculogenesis. The ovary possesses two primary steroidogenic cell types. The ...
Lie Kai-Inge - - 2005
The ileal Peyer's patch (IPP) of young sheep is a site of diversification of the primary antibody repertoire and where involution takes place at young age. Tissue samples from the ileum were collected in 134 animals aged from 1 month to 6 years, and IPP follicle phenotypes were characterised. We ...
Cunningham, Melissa Anne
Ovarian physiologists have long recognized that granulosa cells are extraordinary in their ability to divide exponentially during hormone-dependent growth of the ovarian follicle in vivo. However, the molecular mechanisms that link hormone signals from the cell membrane to the nuclear processes that govern DNA replication and cell division have remained ...
Vanholder T - - 2005
In high-yielding dairy cows, the negative energy balance (NEB) during the first weeks post partum may influence dominant follicle growth and steroidogenesis. Since non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations are elevated during NEB and are shown to be toxic for several cell types, we investigated the individual and combined effects of ...
Sun Fei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Human sperm chemotaxis to pre-ovulatory follicular fluid is well established in vitro. However, it is not known whether the female's oocyte-cumulus complex secretes sperm chemoattractants subsequent to ovulation (for enabling sperm chemotaxis within the Fallopian tube) and, if so, which of these cell types--the oocyte or the cumulus oophorus--is ...
Gittens Joanne E I - - 2005
Intercellular communication is required for ovarian folliculogenesis. This is apparent in mice lacking connexin43 (Cx43, a gap junction protein strongly expressed in granulosa cells), or growth/differentiation factor-9 (GDF9, an oocyte-specific growth factor that stimulates granulosa cell proliferation and differentiation), or in mice expressing a mutant form of Kit ligand (KITL, ...
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