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Results 251 - 300 of 1906
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Komarowska H - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The influence of ghrelin on different organs has been studied recently, e.g. in the regulation of pituitary hormone release, regulation of energy homeostasis, glucose metabolism and insulin secretion, cell proliferation, and reproductive function. However, the etiology of polycystic ovary syndrome has not been fully explained. The aim of our ...
Teilmann Stefan Cuoni - - 2006
The effects of gonadotropins on progesterone receptor (PR) expression and localization in the mouse oviduct, uterus, and ovary was examined. In the oviduct ciliated epithelial cells of adult mice and human revealed a unique PR localization to the lower half of the motile cilia whereas the nuclei were unstained or ...
Nishie Wataru - - 2006
Pilomatricoma is a follicular neoplasm that shows differentiation towards the follicular matrix, as characterized by matrical cells and shadow cells. In addition, this is sometimes accompanied by differentiation toward the follicular infundibulum and outer root sheath. These finding suggest that pilomatricoma can subtly differentiate towards any structure of the follicle. ...
Meng Chunhua - - 2007
Experiments were conducted to examine the cellular localization of inhibin alpha-subunit, protein kinase B (PKB/Akt), and FoxO3a proteins in the ovaries of minipigs, Chinese Xiang pigs, by immunohistochemistry. The results indicated that inhibin alpha-subunits were localized in the granulosa cells of follicles at all stages but were not localized in ...
Shi Kerong - - 2007
An effective isolation and identification method of primordial follicles would greatly benefit the animal production practice, transgenic animal production and endangered species conservation in the future. This study has not only advanced the isolation method but also developed an identification marker of primordial follicles. After enzymatic digestion, Percoll gradient centrifugation ...
Bajénoff Marc - - 2006
After entry into lymph nodes (LNs), B cells migrate to follicles, whereas T cells remain in the paracortex, with each lymphocyte type showing apparently random migration within these distinct areas. Other than chemokines, the factors contributing to this spatial segregation and to the observed patterns of lymphocyte movement are poorly ...
Brown Hannah M - - 2006
Murine ovarian folliculogenesis commences after birth involving oocyte growth, somatic cell differentiation and structural remodeling of follicle stromal boundaries. The extracellular metalloproteinase ADAMTS-1 has activity against proteoglycans and collagen and is produced by the granulosa cells of ovarian follicles. Mice with ADAMTS-1 gene disruption are subfertile due to an unknown ...
Chowdhury Indrajit - - 2007
Prohibitin (Phb1) is a highly conserved mitochondrial protein that is associated with granulosa cell differentiation, atresia, and luteolysis. Although prohibitin has been implicated in the suppression of apoptosis in mammalian cells, its specific role in programmed cell death in granulosa cells is unknown. In the present study, we examined the ...
Imai Atsushi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent clinical applications suggest a beneficial effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) as a gonadal protector from chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian failure. This study aimed to determine cellular mechanisms involved in the protective action of GnRHa against granulosa cell damage caused by doxorubicin. METHODS: Granulosa cells were obtained by ultrasound-guided ...
Shen Wei - - 2006
Mouse oocyte development in vitro has been studied in the past several years, but no evidence showed that the fertilizable oocytes could be obtained from the fetal mouse germ cells before the formation of the primordial follicles. In this study, an efficient and simple method has been established to obtain ...
Koch J M - - 2007
Inducing hens to molt increases egg quality, egg production and extends the productive life of hens. It has been previously demonstrated that melengestrol acetate (MGA), an orally active progestin, decreased gonadotropic support for the ovary, which decreased the steroidogenic support for the oviduct and resulted in the cessation of lay. ...
Chabrolle Christine - - 2007
Adiponectin and its receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) mRNAs are expressed in various chicken tissues including ovary. However, the cellular expression and the role of adiponectin system have never been investigated in chicken ovary. Here, we have shown that the level of adiponectin mRNA is about 10- to 30-fold higher (p<0.001) ...
Gunn Kathryn E - - 2006
Marginal zone B (MZB) cells are the first splenic B cells to initiate Ab secretion against polysaccharide-encapsulated Ags in vivo. This swift MZB cell response can be reproduced in vitro as LPS treatment induces Ab secretion in as little as 12 h. Conversely, in vitro LPS treatment of splenic follicular ...
de Oliveira Patrícia Rosa - - 2007
This study presents new information on the vitellogenesis of the tick Amblyomma triste. In this species, the ovary consists of a layer of epithelial cells, which form the ovarian wall, oogonia and developing oocytes; and the pedicel, a cellular structure that synthesizes and provides yolk precursors for developing oocytes. The ...
Staszkiewicz Jaroslaw - - 2007
Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of endogenous opioid peptides (EOP) in the ovary and suggested their implication in local interactions within ovarian structures. Nevertheless, data pertaining to the expression of genes, coding for the opioid precursors, in ovarian cells are still rudimentary and not available for the pig. The ...
Jin Yanmei - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of prostaglandin (PG) on proliferation of granulosa cells from prehierarchical small yellow follicles (SYF) of buff laying hens. The granulosa layers were separated by mechanic method and dispersed into single cells. After 16 h pre-incubation in 0.5% FCS medium, ...
Lastro Michele - - 2006
Mammalian oocytes are arrested at the G(2)/M transition in the meiotic cell cycle. It is well known that a decrease in intraoocyte cAMP concentrations accompanies resumption of meiosis, but the precise trigger of this decrease remains a mystery. Follicular somatic cells are intimately coupled to the oocyte and are thought ...
Irving-Rodgers Helen F - - 2006
There are many different types of extracellular matrices in the different follicle compartments. These have different roles in follicle development and atresia, and they change in composition during these processes. This review focuses on basal lamina matrix in particular, and considers follicular fluid, the newly identified focimatrix, and thecal matrices. ...
Brewer Molly - - 2006
Ovarian cancer has a high rate of recurrence and subsequent mortality following chemotherapy despite intense efforts to improve treatment outcomes. Recent trials have suggested that retinoids, especially 4-(N-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR), play an important role as a chemopreventive agent and are currently being used in clinical trials for ovarian cancer chemoprevention ...
Markosyan Nune - - 2006
Successful ovulation requires elevated follicular prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. To determine which PGE2 receptors are available to mediate periovulatory events in follicles, granulosa cells and whole ovaries were collected from monkeys before (0 h) and after administration of an ovulatory dose of hCG to span the 40-h periovulatory interval. All ...
Kim Hyun - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to locate Ski protein, a product of cellular protooncogene c-ski, in rat ovaries in order to predict the possible involvement of Ski in follicular development and atresia. First, expression of c-ski mRNA in the ovaries of adult female rats was confirmed by RT-PCR. ...
Hosoya Akihiro A Department of Oral Histology, Matsumoto Dental University, 1780 Gobara Hirooka, Shiojiri, Nagano 399-0781, Japan. - - 2006
The dental follicle contains mesenchymal cells that differentiate into osteoblasts, cementoblasts, and fibroblasts. However, the characteristics of these mesenchymal cells are still unknown. alpha-Smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) is known to localize in stem cells and precursor cells of various tissues. In the present study, to characterize the undifferentiated cells in ...
Orisaka Makoto - - 2006
Formation of a theca cell (TC) layer is an important physiologic event that occurs during early follicular development. Nevertheless, little is known concerning the nature and regulation of the formation of the TC layer during follicular growth. Using an established coculture system in this study, we examined the hypothesis that ...
Younglai Edward V - - 2006
Progesterone is produced by granulosa cells under the influence of luteinizing hormone. Nuclear progesterone receptors have been found in rat granulosa cells. Human granulosa-lutein cells rapidly respond to progesterone with an increase in intracellular calcium suggesting the existence of a nongenomic mechanism. This study was conducted to determine whether binding ...
Gullberg Elisabet - - 2006
Clinical observations suggest that the sites of initial inflammation in ileal Crohn's disease (CD) are the lymphoid follicles, where the aphtoid lesions originate from small erosions of the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE). Lymphoid follicles and Peyer's patches (PPs) consist of a number of B-cell follicles with intervening T cell areas. The ...
Diaz F J - - 2006
The transition of preantral to antral follicles is one of the major steps in follicular development, yet little is known about the molecular and functional changes that occur as preantral granulosa cells differentiate into cumulus cells. The cumulus oophorus of large antral follicles undergoes expansion in response to the preovulatory ...
Hutt Karla J - - 2006
Of all the stages of mammalian folliculogenesis, the primordial to primary follicle transition is the least understood. In order to gain new insights into this process, we have conducted a comprehensive morphological, morphometric and molecular study of ovarian organisation and early follicle development in the rabbit. The structure of ovaries ...
Chemineau Philippe - - 2006
The existence of short ovulatory cycles (5-day duration) after the first male-induced ovulations in anovulatory ewes and goats, associated or not with the appearance of oestrous behaviour, is the origin of the two-peak abnormal distribution of parturitions after the "male effect". We propose here a working hypothesis to explain the ...
Kleve Cassandra D - - 2006
The Drosophila ovary is a model system for examining the genetic control of epithelial morphogenesis. The somatic follicle cells form a polarized epithelium surrounding the 16-cell germ line cyst. The integrity of this epithelium is essential for the successful completion of oogenesis. Reciprocal signaling between germ line and somatic cells ...
Oduma J A - - 2006
Heptachlor, a chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticide, suppresses the production of progesterone and estradiol in the female rat in vivo or in isolated ovaries in vitro. In this study the effect of heptachlor on steroid hormone production by isolated rat luteal and follicular cells, in the presence of two precursor hormones was ...
Teves María Eugenia - - 2006
By means of a videomicroscopy system and a computer image analysis, we performed chemotaxis assays to detect true chemotaxis in human spermatozoa, in parallel to immunohistochemistry detection of progesterone inside the cumulus cells. Progesterone indeed chemotactically guides mammalian spermatozoa at very low hormone concentrations, and the cumulus oophorus could be ...
Bristol-Gould Sarah K SK Department of Neurobiology and Physiology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2006
Mammalian females enter puberty with follicular reserves that exceed the number needed for ovulation during a single lifetime. Follicular depletion occurs throughout reproductive life and ends in menopause, or reproductive senescence, when the follicle pool is exhausted. The mechanisms regulating the production of a species-specific initial follicle pool are not ...
Berkholtz Courtney B CB Interdepartmental Biological Sciences Program, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, 60208, - - 2006
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a prominent role in ovarian function by participating in processes such as cell migration, proliferation, growth, and development. Although some of these signaling processes have been characterized in the mouse, the relative quantity and distribution of ECM proteins within developing follicles of the ovary have ...
Orisaka Makoto - - 2006
We investigated the effects of theca cells or FSH on granulosa cell differentiation and steroid production during bovine early follicular growth, using a co-culture system in which granulosa and theca cells were cultured on opposite sides of a collagen membrane. Follicular cells were isolated from early antral follicles (2-4 mm) ...
Sato Eimei - - 2006
In the mouse, oogonia enter the prophase of the first meiotic division and differentiate into oocyte while developing in the fetal ovary. Shortly after birth, all oocytes are arrested in the dictyate stage of late prophase in the developing follicles; a small number of follicles reach the ovulatory stage; the ...
La Marca A - - 2006
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a dimeric glycoprotein, a member of the transforming growth factor (TGF) superfamily. It is produced exclusively in the gonads and is involved in the regulation of follicular growth and development. In the ovary AMH is produced by the granulosa cells of early developing follicles and seems ...
Tajima Kimihisa - - 2006
We developed a culture system in which two types of ovarian follicular cells were allowed to attach to opposite sides of a collagen membrane. Using this in vitro cell culture system, we studied the effects of granulosa- and theca-cell interaction on the morphology, structure, and function of bovine ovarian follicular ...
Bukovsky Antonin - - 2006
Increasing evidence indicates a role for the immune system and mesenchymal-epithelial interactions in the regulation of ovarian function. Cytokines produced by mesenchymal cells can stimulate development and regression of ovarian structures. We report here that mesenchymal cells releasing surface molecules among epithelial cells--namely vascular pericytes and monocyte-derived cells (MDC)--and intraepithelial ...
Clark A R - - 2006
Immature oocytes benefit from nutrient modification of the follicular environment by the surrounding cumulus mass. However, the oxygen concentration that the oocyte may be exposed to could be lower than the antral follicular concentration due to the metabolism of surrounding cumulus cells. Using metabolic data previously determined, we have developed ...
Serikawa Takehiro - - 2006
Purpose: To maintain in vitro granulosa cell function by adenoviral-mediated FSHR gene transduction. Methods: Rat granulosa cells were cultured and transduced with adenovirus carrying FSHR gene. The number of receptors and the rate of steroidogenesis were assessed. Results: The number of FSHR on the granulosa cells was 4,874 per cell ...
D'Haeseleer M - - 2007
This immunohistochemical study describes the localization of progesterone receptors (PR) in the bovine ovary of 23 cows at different stages of the oestrous cycle. In primordial, primary and secondary follicles the score for PR in the follicle cells increased progressively with the maturation of the follicle. In vital tertiary follicles ...
Wang Chao - - 2006
The expression of lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase (LDM) in the mouse ovary after gonadotrophin administration was examined and the action of follicle fluid meiosis activating sterol (FF-MAS), derived from lanosterol by the action of LDM, on oocyte spontaneous maturation was also evaluated in cumulus cell enclosed oocytes (CEOs). Expression of LDM was ...
Spicer L J - - 2006
In addition to gonadotropins, steroidogenesis and proliferation of granulosa cells during follicular development are controlled by a number of intraovarian factors including growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9), bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4), and IGF-I. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of GDF-9 and BMP-4 and their interaction with ...
Malekinejad H - - 2006
The enzymes 3alpha- and 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3alpha- and 3beta-HSD) play a pivotal role in synthesis of various steroid hormones including oestradiol and testosterone. The structure of the mycotoxin zearalenone resembles many characteristics of steroids and binds to oestrogen receptors as an agonist. Consequently, it is suggested that zearalenone is also ...
Zhang Ping - - 2007
Follicular (FO) B cells and marginal zone (MZ) B cells belong to the mature B cell population in spleen of mice. To identify new surface markers of these mature B cell subsets, we compared gene expression profiles of FO and MZ B cells by DNA microarray using FACS-sorted mouse FO ...
Serikawa Takehiro - - 2006
To maintain in vitro granulosa cell function by adenoviral-mediated FSHR gene transduction. Rat granulosa cells were cultured and transduced with adenovirus carrying FSHR gene. The number of receptors and the rate of steroidogenesis were assessed. The number of FSHR on the granulosa cells was 4,874 per cell immediately after extraction, ...
Nezis Ioannis P - - 2006
In the present study, we describe the features of programmed cell death of ovarian follicle cells, occurring during the late developmental stages of oogenesis in the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae and the medfly, Ceratitis capitata. During stage 14, the follicle cells contain autophagic vacuoles, and they do not exhibit ...
Li Guang-Peng - - 2006
The effects of cumulus cell removal and centrifugation of maturing bovine oocytes on nuclear maturation and subsequent embryo development after parthenogenetic activation and nuclear transfer were examined. Removal of cumulus cells at 4, 8, and 15 hr after in vitro maturation (IVM) or the centrifugation of denuded oocytes had no ...
Fazzini Monica - - 2006
In order to test the hypothesis that transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) acts by FS regulation on bovine granulosa cells in in vitro differentiation, we analyzed the effect of TGF-beta1 on follistatin mRNA expression in three differentiation states of bovine granulosa cells. We showed a positive regulation of FS mRNA ...
McGurk Leeanne L MRC Human Genetics Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, EH4 2XU, United Kingdom. - - 2006
There are 16 classes of unconventional myosins. Class V myosins have been shown to be involved in transporting cargo to and from the cell periphery. Class VI myosins have also been shown to transport cargo from the cell periphery, although it seems that these proteins have many roles which include ...
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