Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1906
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Keighren Margaret A - - 2003
Cell ploidy in the ovarian follicle and corpus luteum was investigated by DNA in situ hybridization to a reiterated, chromosome 3 transgene in mice that were hemizygous for the transgene. This approach was first validated by analysis of mouse kidney, pancreas and liver control tissues, which contain different frequencies of ...
Lucidi Pia - - 2003
The possibility to predict the ability of a germ cell to properly sustain embryo development in vitro or in vivo as early as possible is undoubtedly the main problem of reproductive technologies. To date, only the achievement of nuclear maturation and cumulus expansion is feasible, as all the studies on ...
Rhoton-Vlasak Alice - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the expression and cellular distribution of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and major basic protein (MBP) in human ovarian tissue during the menstrual cycle. DESIGN: Ovarian tissues (n = 50) and corpora lutea (n = 18) were obtained from patients undergoing hysterectomy/oophorectomy for benign conditions and tissue sections ...
Zaleska M - - 2003
A recent approach to cancer treatment is destruction of malignant and non-malignant tumors by hormonally targeted lytic peptides. The presence of lutropin/choriogonadotropin (LH/CG) receptors has been confirmed in several cancer cells (e.g. breast, ovarian, and prostate). In a series of experiments conducted in vitro, we have used a conjugate of ...
Cervera Rita P - - 2003
The present study in rabbits compared, in the first experiment, the effect of two commonly used oocyte ages, 13 h and 17 h after ovulation induction treatment, on the technical efficiency of somatic nuclear transfer steps, using fresh cumulus cells as nuclear donors. Recently ovulated metaphase II oocytes (13 h) ...
Abdelilah-Seyfried Salim - - 2003
Drosophila Bazooka and atypical protein kinase C are essential for epithelial polarity and adhesion. We show here that wild-type bazooka function is required during cell invasion of epithelial follicle cells mutant for the tumor suppressor discs large. Clonal studies indicate that follicle cell Bazooka acts as a permissive factor during ...
Kajiwara Eiji - - 2003
It is well known that chicken B cells develop in the bursa of Fabricius (BF), which is categorized as gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). Chicken GALT also includes Peyer's patch (PP) and cecal tonsil (CT). The relationship between these tissues in GALT during B cell development is currently unknown. In this ...
Vigneron C - - 2003
Oocyte maturation is accompanied by differentiation of surrounding cumulus cells. These cells produce hyaluronic acid (HA) and its storage in intercellular spaces results in expansion of the cells. The cumulus cells also accumulate cyclooxygenase-2 (cox-2) during maturation. Both expansion and cox-2 storage are regulated by FSH and EGF. The aim ...
Kai Kiyonori - - 2003
We describe a case of rat hermaphroditism with bilateral ovotestes. In a 7-week-old apparently male Sprague-Dawley rat, both testes were relatively small, and the right testis with a faint protrusion was somewhat round and small as compared with the left testis. Microscopically, the testes contained ovarian tissues within their tunica ...
Okamura Hitoshi - - 2003
In the ovary, morphodynamics of follicles with cyclic maturation, ovulation and repair occur under the control of various tropic factors. The ovarian functions have been mostly studied by using subhuman primates and non-primate animals because of the limited availability of closely staged human specimens. We have recently established the in ...
Fulka J J - - 2003
Germinal vesicles (GVs) in immature mammalian oocytes contain prominent nucleoli whose role in the process of oocyte maturation is not fully understood. Here we report that the microsurgical removal of nucleoli from immature fully grown porcine oocytes permits germinal vesicle breakdown and chromosome condensation and the enucleolated oocytes mature up ...
Loudon Jenifer A Z - - 2003
Labor is preceded by cervical ripening through upregulation of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-8, and increased prostaglandin synthesis via inducible type 2 cyclooxygenase (COX-2). Progesterone maintains myometrial quiescence during pregnancy. In this study, we examined the effects of IL-1beta and progesterone on IL-8 and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis and IL-8 and COX-2 ...
Hong Amy - - 2003
Animal oocytes undergo a highly conserved developmental arrest in prophase of meiosis I. Often this marks a period of rapid growth for the oocyte and is necessary to coordinate meiotic progression with the developmental events of oogenesis. In Drosophila, the oocyte develops within a 16-cell germline cyst. Throughout much of ...
Li Yan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ion channels occur as large families of related genes with cell-specific expression patterns. Granulosa cells have been shown to express voltage-gated potassium channels from more than one family. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), an antagonist of KCNA but not KCNQ channels. ...
Ishikawa Takaki - - 2003
In this study we used paraffin-embedded human pituitary obtained from 248 autopsy cases and identified mixed cell follicles by the immunohistochemical method. We examined the number and size of the mixed cell follicles, and the ratio of each component cell of these follicles, in the anterior pituitary at various age ...
McKeown K J - - 2003
Prostaglandins (PGs) play a crucial role in mediating parturition events, and their synthesis and metabolism are regulated by PG H synthase and 15-hydroxy-PG dehydrogenase (PGDH), respectively. Within the chorion tissue, it is the actions of PGDH that predominate. Throughout gestation, the fetal membranes secrete increasing amounts of CRH. We hypothesized ...
Takesue Katsuhisa - - 2003
The present study was designed to determine the localization of nitric oxide synthase-3 (NOS-3) in porcine follicles during follicular development. A 130-kDa NOS-3 protein was found with greater frequency much in the oocytes than in the cumulus cells, as revealed by Western blotting analysis. The content of NOS-3 in the ...
Mayerhofer Artur - - 2003
Functioning of the ovary depends on an interplay between hormones, locally produced growth factors and neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are delivered to the ovary via its sympathetic innervation and originate from intrinsic nerve cells expressing catecholaminergic and peptidergic traits. We found that the nerve fibers and nerve cells of the ovary were ...
Chen You-Hsin Jean - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP on inhibin A and inhibin subunit mRNA levels from cultured rat granulosa cells. DESIGN: Basic research study. SETTING: University research laboratory. ANIMAL(S): Primary cell culture of granulosa cells obtained from estrogen-treated, immature Sprague-Dawley female rats. INTERVENTION(S): Functionally immature rat ...
Robert C - - 2003
As the expression of the LH receptor (LH-R) in granulosa cells is thought to be associated with later stages of folliculogenesis, this study was undertaken to evaluate the presence of LH-R mRNA as a suitable marker for developmental competence of oocytes. Granulosa cells and cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were recovered from ...
Ploemen Jan-Peter H T M - - 2003
The incidence of thymic B cell lymphoid follicles was retrospectively studied in 62 male and 58 female healthy control beagle dogs (age 11.3 +/- 4.8, range 6 to 23 months). The animals were selected from toxicological studies performed in the period 1990-2001 at the Organon labs. The animals had received ...
Brown J Alison - - 2003
Retinol (vitamin A) is essential for reproduction, and retinoids have been suggested to play a role in ovarian steroidogenesis, oocyte maturation, and early embryonic development. Retinol is transported systemically and intercellularly by retinol-binding protein (RBP). Within the cell, cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) functions in retinol accumulation and metabolism. Since the ...
Shao Ruijin - - 2003
The intracellular progesterone receptor (PR) in the mammalian ovary is a part of the physiological pathway that facilitates ovulation. Two PR isoforms (A and B) exist, with different molecular and biological functions. Previous studies have revealed that the cellular ratio of the PR isoforms is important for progesterone-responsive tissues and ...
Jirawatnotai Siwanon - - 2003
The timing of cellular exit from the cell cycle during differentiation is specific for each cell type or lineage. Granulosa cells in the ovary establish quiescence within several hours after the ovulation-inducing luteinizing hormone surge, whereas they undergo differentiation into corpora lutea. The expression of Cdk inhibitors p21(Cip1/Waf1) and p27(Kip1) ...
Rusovici Raluca - - 2003
The activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factors are important regulators of cell proliferation and differentiation. The developmental distribution of AP-1 family members in porcine ovary has not been previously investigated. We examined the expression of AP-1 factors in porcine ovarian follicles, granulosa cells, and corpora lutea at different stages of development. ...
Logan Kathleen A - - 2003
Wilms' tumor protein (WT1) is a transcriptional repressor essential for the development of mammalian kidneys and gonads. To gain insight into possible roles of WT1 in ovarian formation and follicular function, we studied patterns of mRNA and protein localization throughout fetal gonadal development and in ovaries of 4-wk-old and adult ...
Nakayama Mizuho - - 2003
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha can induce both cell death and cell proliferation and exerts its effects by binding to either TNF receptor (TNFR) 1 or 2. When TNFalpha-bound TNFR2 interacts with TNFR-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), expression of survival/antiapoptotic genes is up-regulated. In the present study we determined the changes ...
Yamanaka Takeshi - - 2003
Peyer's patches (PPs) are lined by follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) with Ag-transporting M cells. To investigate the spatial relationships of B cells, T cells, and dendritic cells (DCs) in PPs during microbial colonization, their in situ redistribution was examined in germfree (GF) rats exposed to a conventional pathogen-free microflora (conventionalized, CV). ...
Yang Wei-Hsiung - - 2003
Progesterone has long been considered the primary mediator of Xenopus oocyte maturation. We have recently shown, however, that androgens, which are equal or more potent promoters of maturation and are present at higher levels in ovulating frogs, may also be playing an important physiologic role in mediating maturation. Here, we ...
Obremski K - - 2003
Zearalenone (ZEA) is a macrocyclic lactone, estrogenic, diet-depending and fusaric micotoxin, which is produced on many kinds of cereals and feeds in the favourable conditions of humidity and temperature. The structure of ZEA is similar to the structure of estrogens and it enables binding to the estrogenic receptors. The stimulation ...
Fujii Akiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression, regulation, and role of interleukin (IL)-8 in human ovary. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Sixteen premenopausal women. INTERVENTION: Follicular fluid and granulosa lutein cells (GLCs) were collected during IVF cycles. Ovarian stromal and theca cells were obtained from women underwent surgery. KGN cells, ...
Alexandreanu Iulia C - - 2003
The objectives of this study were to determine if heme oxygenase (HO), which catalyzes the degradation of heme and the formation of carbon monoxide (CO), is localized in the rat ovary and, if so, to determine if hemin (a substrate for HO) or chromium mesoporphyrin (CrMP, an inhibitor of HO), ...
Ogawa Akiko - - 2003
Human amniotic epithelial (HAE) cells have great potential for successful use in cell therapy, since they do not cause acute rejection upon allotransplantation. However, to date, HAE cells have not well been studied. We previously reported that HAE cells produce erythropoietin (EPO), which is known to be a regulator of ...
Albertini D F - - 2003
The physical interface between the female germ line and enveloping somatic cells is dynamically modified throughout the course of folliculogenesis. How selective pathways for communication between the oocyte and granulosa cell are established and regulated remains to be determined, but insights into the structural basis for this communication are emerging. ...
Akagi Satoshi - - 2003
We examined the effect of culture of donor cells on nuclear transfer efficiency using bovine cumulus cells treated with four different conditions: (1). group A, the cells removed from cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) after aspiration of ovarian follicles; (2). group B, the cells removed from COC after in vitro maturation; (3). ...
Gou K M - - 2003
The development potential of transgenic adult cells after nuclear transfer (NT) was evaluated. Primary ovine granulosa cells (GC(S)) from a slaughter ovary were transfected with pEGFP-N1 plasmid DNA. Three G418-resistance cell lines (A2, B2 and B4) were used as donor cells in NT. A total of 162 NT blastocysts were ...
De Neubourg Diane - - 2003
It has become clear that apoptosis is an essential part of normal folliculogenesis and that granulosa cells in particular demonstrate intense cellular activity as well as programmed cell death. Although the entire mechanism of apoptosis appears to be conserved through many species, it now becomes clear that different cells may ...
SkarzyƄski D - - 2003
The hypothesis that epinephrine (noradrenaline, NA) enhances utilisation of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) by bovine luteal cells and that this process involves phospholipase (PL) C and protein kinase (PK) C intracellular pathway was tested. Luteal cells from days 2-4, 5-10 or 11-17 of the oestrous cycle were preincubated for 20 h. ...
French Rachael L - - 2003
The Drosophila gene tramtrack (ttk) encodes two transcriptional repressors, Ttk69 and Ttk88, which are required for normal embryogenesis and imaginal disc development. Here, we characterize a novel female sterile allele of tramtrack called twin peaks (ttk(twk)) that, unlike othertramtrack alleles, has no effect on viability and produces no obvious morphological ...
Huang Fu-Jen - - 2002
We investigated whether the human oocyte maturity at the removal of cumulus/corona cells affects the embryo outcome in vitro. A total of 620 oocytes, which subsequently underwent blastocyst culture, were included in this analysis. Oocytes that were in prophase or Metaphase I of meiosis at the removal of cumulus/corona cells ...
Plendl Johanna - - 2002
The serine protease, tissue kininogenase (kallikrein), belongs to a unique family of enzymes that cleaves the decapeptide, kallidin, from the endogenous substrate kininogen. By analysis of genealogy patterns rat KLK gene family members have been detected in ovarian luteinizing granulosa cells of both gonadotrophin-treated and non-treated control rats. Recently, we ...
Lovell T M - - 2002
Previous work has shown that activin A is expressed selectively within the theca rather than the granulosa layer of preovulatory chicken follicles. In the present study, this finding was verified and the potential paracrine actions of activin A on basal and gonadotrophin-induced secretion of inhibin A, inhibin B and progesterone ...
Grammont Muriel - - 2002
Patterning of the Drosophila egg requires the establishment of several distinct types of somatic follicle cells, as well as interactions between these follicle cells and the oocyte. The polar cells occupy the termini of the follicle and are specified by the activation of Notch. We have investigated their role in ...
Kelly A - - 2002
Mouse embryos homozygous for a null allele of Gpi1 which encodes the glycolytic enzyme glucose phosphate isomerase fail to complete gastrulation and die at about embryonic day 7.5, but mutant cells can survive in fetal chimaeras in which they are mixed with wild-type cells. An adult female mouse chimaera, composed ...
Van Den Broeck W - - 2002
In this study, the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) in the bovine ovary is described. ERalpha was visualized by immunohistochemistry on paraffin sections of ovaries obtained from 11 non-pregnant and 2 pregnant animals. In general, ERalpha was not observed in cells of primordial, primary and secondary follicles, whereas weak ...
Wang Xue-Feng - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on the surface of human luteinized granulosa cells and to understand its relation to the hormones in human follicular fluid and sera. METHODS: Thirty-six women receiving in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) were enrolled in this study. The luteinizing granulosa cells were recovered ...
Prisco Marina - - 2002
The present investigation strongly suggests that in Torpedo the oocyte growth is not only due to the uptake of exogenous molecules, but also by the oocyte itself and the granulosa cells. The oocyte, starting from the early previtellogenic follicles (see also Mol. Reprod. Dev. 61 (2002) 78), synthesizes large amounts ...
Niku Mikael - - 2002
In small ruminants, the development of B cells differs from that in mice or in man. The anti-body repertoire is expanded in the Peyer's patches of the terminal ileum where each B-cell follicle is found by a few cells. To investigate the amount of founder clones in bovine ileal follicles, ...
Salehnia Mojdeh M Department of Histology and Embryology, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, P O Box: 14115-111, Tehran, - - 2002
Ovaries from 8 to 10-week-old N MRI mice were vitrified using RPMI solution containing 30% (W/V) ficoll 70, 0.5 M sucrose, 10.7% (V/V) acetamide and 40% (V/V) ethylene glycol (EGFS40%), and were stored in liquid nitrogen. After warming at 25 degrees C in 1 M sucrose solution and equilibration with ...
Mehlmann Lisa M - - 2002
The mammalian ovarian follicle consists of a multilayered complex of somatic cells that surround the oocyte. A signal from the follicle cells keeps the oocyte cell cycle arrested at prophase of meiosis I until luteinizing hormone from the pituitary acts on the follicle cells to release the arrest, causing meiosis ...
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