Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1906
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Glister Claire - - 2004
Given the paucity of information on the potential roles of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in the ruminant ovary we conducted immunolocalization and functional studies on cells isolated from bovine antral follicles. Immunocytochemistry revealed expression of BMP-4 and -7 in isolated theca cells whereas granulosa cells and oocytes selectively expressed BMP-6. ...
Priya P N Laxmi - - 2004
Effects of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) both alone or in combination on the binding of LH and FSH on isolated granulosa cells were studied. Granulosa cells isolated from proestrous rats were incubated (in vitro) with lead acetate and/or cadmium acetate (0.03 microM of Pb or Cd) for 1 hr. ...
Salmon Nicholas A - - 2004
In the ovarian follicle, anti-Müllerian hormone (Amh) mRNA is expressed in granulosa cells from primary to preovulatory stages but becomes restricted to cumulus cells following antrum formation. Anti-Müllerian hormone regulates follicle development by attenuating the effects of follicle stimulating hormone on follicle growth and inhibiting primordial follicle recruitment. To examine ...
Nestorović N - - 2004
The effects of chronic somatostatin (SRIH-14) treatment on the pituitary gonadotrophs (FSH and LH cells) and ovaries of female Wistar rats were examined. Females were given 20 microg/100 g b.w. twice per day from the immature (23rd day) till the adult period of life (71st day). The onset of puberty ...
Shi Fangxiong - - 2004
Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is activated by nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide, resulting in cGMP production. Recent studies indicate that NO and cGMP influence ovarian functions. However, little information is available regarding the ovarian expression of sGC. The present study examined sGC alpha(1) and beta(1) subunit protein levels in ...
Schuster Michael K - - 2004
Within the avian ovarian follicle, the oocyte is surrounded by a monolayer of granulosa cells, which exhibit pronounced epithelial properties. Here we demonstrate the presence of the major tight junction protein occludin in granulosa cells. As shown by immunohistochemistry, occludin localizes to the oocyte-facing granulosa cell surface. Occludin and thus ...
Maines Jean Z - - 2004
Although the Myc oncogene has long been known to play a role in many human cancers, the mechanisms that mediate its effects in both normal cells and cancer cells are not fully understood. We have initiated a genetic analysis of the Drosophila homolog of the Myc oncoprotein (dMyc), which is ...
Ke Ferng-Chun - - 2004
To investigate the potential roles of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in ovarian granulosa cell differentiation, we studied the interactive effects of FSH and local ovarian factors, transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) and androstenedione, on gelatinase secretion and progesterone production in rat ovarian granulosa cells. Granulosa cells of eCG-primed immature rats were ...
Davis, Tracy Leigh
Chronic administration of a GnRH agonist to cattle increases basal LH secretion and subsequent plasma progesterone concentrations. An objective of the first study was to determine if administration of GnRH analogs alters the abundance of mRNAs encoding for StAR, P450scc, or 3beta-HSD. Progesterone concentrations were greater in the agonist-treated females ...
Révész Csaba - - 2004
Human ovarian granulosa cells obtained from women undergoing in vitro fertilization were exposed to 15.6, 31.25, 62.5, 125, 250, 500, 1000 muM Ni(2+) for 48 h. To determine the site of action of Ni(2+), the granulosa cells were stimulated to produce progesterone (P) by using maximally stimulating amounts of human ...
Steffl Martin - - 2004
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 2 (IP(3)R-2) is an intracellular Ca(2+) release channel responsible for mobilizing of Ca(2+) from intracellular storage sites and plays a key role in biological processes such as fertilization, cell differentiation, and growth. To study the cell-type-specific IP(3)R-2 expression in porcine ovaries during different phases of ...
Ricchiari Loredana - - 2004
Using alpha and beta spectrin mammalian antibodies on Western blotting, we demonstrated that lizard ovarian follicles contain two isoforms of alpha spectrin, Mr 94 and 134 kDa, and a 230 kDa beta spectrin, and that their pattern modifies in relation to pyriform cell differentiation. In fact, a positive immunoreaction is ...
Quirk S M - - 2004
Growth factors and steroids play an important role in the regulation of ovarian follicular development. In cattle, two of the earliest detectable differences between the healthy dominant follicle selected for development to the ovulatory stage and subordinate follicles destined to undergo atresia are the greater availability of IGF and the ...
Amrozi - - 2004
To determine the turnover of the first follicular wave in Japanese black cows and quantitative immunohistological characteristics of the previously in vivo identified dominant follicle (DF) and largest subordinate follicle (SF) derived from ovariectomy on Day 7 (3 cows) and Day 10 (3 cows) (Day 0=estrus). Six cases of first ...
Latham Keith E - - 2004
The development of an ovarian follicle requires a complex set of reciprocal interactions between the oocyte and granulosa cells in order for both types of cells to develop properly. These interactions are largely orchestrated by the oocyte via paracrine factors such as growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9). To examine these ...
Kayampilly Pradeep P - - 2004
Granulosa cell mitogenesis is critical for the development of normal ovarian follicles. FSH and other mitogenic stimuli play a crucial role in this process. We have shown that exposing granulosa cells to 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) reduces forskolin-stimulated cyclin D2 mRNA expression, which leads to cell cycle arrest resulting in reduced cell ...
Sagaert Xavier - - 2003
B-lymphocytes or B-cells form a diverse and flexible repertoire of immune cells that are reactive to almost all potential pathogens by means of the production of antigen-specific immunoglobulins. They can be divided into different populations or subsets, characterised by a distinct combination of properties. These subsets are identified on the ...
Kaneko T - - 2003
The musk shrew, Suncus murinus, is an induced ovulator, the cumulus oophorus of which is unusual in several respects: it has no matrix, it always induces the acrosome reaction and it appears to be essential for fertilization. The present study documents distinctive features of the cumulus oophorus before and after ...
Okazaki Tetsuji - - 2003
It has been reported that LH receptor (LHR) mRNA is not detected in cumulus cells of porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) just after collection from small antral follicles. The present study showed that the formation of LHR in cumulus cells was up-regulated by the cultivation with 20 ng/ml FSH. When the ...
Shi F - - 2003
FoxO1 is a transcription factor implicated in a growing number of physiological processes, including apoptosis, cell cycle progression, and insulin signaling. Recent findings indicate that FSH and growth factors influence ovarian functions in part through regulation of FoxO1. The present study utilized immunohistochemical analysis to determine the ovarian localization and ...
Roberts A J - - 2003
Because IGFBP inhibit IGF-stimulated cellular proliferation and differentiation, it is hypothesized that variations among IGFBP in individual follicles might contribute to the regulation of recruitment, selection, dominance, and turnover of ovarian follicles. Sources of IGFBP in fluid of bovine follicles are not well established; thus, objectives of this study were ...
Abbas Maysoon M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The factors that determine oocyte competency are poorly understood. It is believed that angiogenic factors are crucial. Modulation of these factors is therefore a central consideration. The adjacent association of cumulus cells to oocytes gives these cells a particular importance in relation to oocyte behavior. We report the effects ...
Geraci Fabiana - - 2003
In Paracentrotus lividus embryos, a Mediterranean sea urchin species, HSP70 is present in all the cells. During cell division it localizes under normal growth conditions on the centrosomes and on the whole isolated mitotic apparatus. Now, in situ hybridization, Western blot analyses, and immunohistochemistry show that the HSP70 mRNA is ...
Thomas Rebecca E - - 2004
In the growing follicle, communication between the oocyte and its surrounding follicular cells is essential for normal oocyte and follicular development. Maturation of the fully grown oocyte in vivo is associated with the loss of cumulus cell-oocyte gap junctional communication, preventing entry of meiotic-modulating factors such as cAMP into the ...
Luciano Alberto M - - 2004
The present study was designed to address the physiological role played by cAMP on gap junction (GJ) mediated communications between oocyte and cumulus cells during in vitro maturation. Cyclic AMP was stimulated by different collection and maturation media known to induce different rates of nuclear maturation and developmental competence as ...
Johnson A L - - 2003
The vertebrate ovary represents a uniquely dynamic organ system charged with the responsibility to initially provide, and subsequently foster, optimal numbers of maturing, viable gametes that will insure the propagation of the species. Seemingly in spite of this charge, >99% of germ cells within the ovaries of mammalian and avian ...
Clavero Ana - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether analysis of granulosa cell apoptosis can be useful in assessing follicular and oocyte maturation and the regulation of granulosa cell apoptosis by follicular fluid steroids in preovulatory follicles of stimulated women. STUDY DESIGN: Apoptosis in aspirated granulosa cells (n=64) was measured using the Annexin V-affinity assay ...
McGowan E M - - 2003
Changes in the cell cytoskeleton occur in cell transformation and recent data suggest the involvement of ovarian hormones, which are implicated in cancer development and progression. In human breast and endometrial tumors, there is disrupted expression of progesterone receptor (PR) isoforms and predominance of one isoform, usually PRA. PRA predominance ...
Alonso-Pozos Israel - - 2003
Changes in granulosa cell lysosomal and mitochondrial functions in relation to follicular size and to the stage of atresia were studied by fluorescent emission spectra and intensity using flow cytometry. Antral follicles were grouped by size in two groups: small, 3-6 mm and large, >6mm in diameter, and classified into ...
Calado A M - - 2003
Stereological methods were applied to bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) in order to characterize them quantitatively during the estrous cycle. COCs from medium (4-8mm) antral follicles with a compact and complete cumulus mass, and with an uniform or a non-visible ooplasm were aspirated from ovaries of Holstein-Friesian cows, fixed in glutaraldehyde, ...
Rodgers Raymond J - - 2003
Ovaries can be considered tissues in which endocrine organs--follicles and corpora lutea--continually grow and regress. Follicles have both epithelial and stromal layers in which cell migration or movement, cell division, specialization and differentiation, and death occur. A fluid-filled antrum develops and at ovulation the epithelial cells undergo an epithelial to ...
Prisco M - - 2003
Lectins constitute a class of proteins/glycoproteins that specifically bind to terminal glycoside residues. The present investigation aimed to identify lectin-binding sites in developing follicles of Torpedo marmorata. Using eleven lectins (WGA, GSI-A4, GSI-B4, PSA, UEA-I, PNA, MPA, Con-A, DBA, LCA, BPA, SBA), we demonstrated that the biochemical nature and the ...
Egawa Miho - - 2003
Ephrins and their Eph receptors are both membrane-bound proteins that function in various cell-cell recognition processes, such as morphogenesis and angiogenesis. In this study we examined the expression of B class ephrins-Ephs in the human ovary during corpus luteum formation, a process of tissue remodeling accompanied by angiogenesis. RT-PCR analysis ...
Irving-Rodgers Helen F - - 2003
Bovine ovarian antral follicles exhibit either one or the other of two patterns of granulosa cell death in atresia. Death can commence either from the antrum and progress toward the basal lamina (antral atresia) or the converse (basal atresia). In basal atresia, the remaining live antrally situated cells appeared to ...
Calado A M - - 2003
Bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) aspirated from slaughterhouse ovaries are used for in vitro maturation and fertilization after selection on the basis of morphological appearance of the cumulus and ooplasm. In this context, a quantitative characterization of COCs could provide additional criteria for selecting the most competent complexes. Bovine COCs from ...
Falender Allison E - - 2003
Steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) (NR5A1) is an orphan nuclear receptor that plays a premier role in ovarian organogenesis. Recent studies document mRNA expression of the structurally related factor NR5A2 (FTF, LRH-1, SF-2) in the adult ovary and more specifically in granulosa cells and luteal cells but not theca cells. Conversely, SF-1 ...
Kubrakiewicz Janusz - - 2003
Although all dipteran species have ovaries of the same meroistic-polytrophic type, the structure of individual ovarian follicles (egg chambers) as well as the course of oogenesis in major dipteran taxa are highly diversified and often significantly different from the widely known Drosophila model. In this report we present results of ...
Senbon Shoichiro - - 2003
Mammalian oogenesis occurs concomitantly with folliculogenesis in a coordinated manner in the ovaries. In vitro growth (IVG) culture systems of the oocytes have been developed as a new technology for utilizing incompetent oocytes in the ovary as a source of mature oocytes as well as for studying oogenesis, folliculogenesis, and ...
Shepherd Trevor G - - 2003
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the TGFbeta superfamily of cytokines that are involved in development, differentiation, and disease. In an analysis of normal ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) and ovarian cancer (OC) cells, we observed BMP4 mRNA expression and found that primary OC cells produce mature BMP4. In addition, ...
Da Silva-Buttkus P - - 2003
Epidemiological studies in humans linking adult disease to growth in utero indicate that prenatal life is a critical period for the appropriate development of the reproductive axis. The aim of this study was to compare ovarian development in intrauterine growth-retarded and normally grown piglets originating from the same litter. Intrauterine ...
Morris Jason Z - - 2003
The Drosophila oocyte develops from a cluster of 16 interconnected cells that derive from a common progenitor. One of these cells, the oocyte, arrests in meiosis. The other cells endoreplicate their DNA and produce mRNAs and proteins that they traffic to the oocyte along a polarized microtubule cytoskeleton shared by ...
Sokol Nicholas S - - 2003
The Filamin family of actin binding proteins is required to maintain cell shape and promote cell locomotion. Using the Drosophila ovary, we provide a detailed description of Filamin-deficient cells during morphogenesis. Reduced expression of Filamin in follicle cells causes defects in the initial encapsulation of germline cysts and in the ...
Ochsner Scott A - - 2003
During ovulation, the oocyte and surrounding somatic cumulus cells contained within a specialized, mucoid matrix are released from the ovary. One matrix component, TNF-alpha-stimulated gene 6 (TSG-6), is a hyaluronan binding protein induced in cumulus cells of preovulatory follicles by the LH surge and is decreased in cumulus cells of ...
Bandera Christina A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ovarian carcinoma originates from the epithelial cells on the surface of the ovary. This study evaluates cytokine production by these cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal human ovary surface epithelial cells (HOSE cells), immortalized HOSE cells and ovarian cancer cells were used for the study of cytokines. RESULTS: Eight of ...
Lo David - - 2003
Mammalian Peyer's Patches possess specialized epithelium, the follicle associated epithelium (FAE), and specialized cells called M cells which mediate transcytosis of antigens to underlying lymphoid tissue. To identify FAE specific genes, we used TOGA gene expression profiling of microdissected mouse Peyer's Patch tissue. We found expression of laminin beta3 across ...
Yang Yinzhi - - 2003
Targeted disruption of the mouse FSH receptor gene (FSH-R) that mediates the action of the FSH results in a gene dose-related ovarian phenotype in the developing as well as the adult animal. While null females (FORKO) are sterile, the haplo-insufficient mice experience early reproductive senescence. The purpose of this study ...
Tong Xiangjun - - 2003
NADE, a p75NTR (low-affinity neurotrophin receptor p75) -associated cell death executor, was initially cloned from a human ovarian granulosa cell cDNA library, as an unknown protein with the name, pHGR74. It was reported to mediate nerve growth factor-induced apoptosis. We independently isolated human NADE (pHGR74) from breast cancer cell lines. ...
Mikkelsen Anne Lis - - 2003
This prospective randomized controlled study was performed to examine the influence of coasting for 2 days versus 3 days following a fixed daily dose of FSH for 3 days. The outcome was 2-fold. In the first experiment (n = 50 cycles), the incidence of apoptosis in granulosa cells was compared. ...
Jaroszewski Jerzy J - - 2003
The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of cell-to-cell contact in the influence of nitric oxide (NO) on the secretory function of the bovine corpus luteum (CL). In Experiment 1, separate small luteal cells (SLC) or large (LLC) luteal cells were perfused with 100 micro M ...
Yoshioka Shinya - - 2003
Melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM) was originally reported to be involved in the invasion and progression of melanoma. It was also shown to be responsible for the attachment of cells to endothelial cells. In this study, we demonstrated by immunohistochemistry that immunoreactive MCAM was not expressed on granulosa cells in ...
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