Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1129
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Harris D C - - 2001
Tubulointerstitial damage, in progressive chronic renal disease of all types, arises because of a complex interplay between factors in the tubular lumen, tubular epithelial cells, peritubular capillaries, resident and infiltrating interstitial cells and extracellular matrix. Particularly in proteinuric renal disease, tubular epithelial cells play a central role in orchestrating these ...
Madry H - - 2001
Mesangial cells represent a major target for gene transfer approaches to the kidney. To establish a liposome-based system for transfection of mesangial cells we analyzed the efficacy and toxicity of different cationic liposomes and other nonviral transfection methods in primary cultures of rat and human mesangial cells using the Escherichia ...
Landen C N CN - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Indomethacin, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase types 1 and 2, and nimesulide, a cyclooxygenase 2 selective inhibitor, are both well-known inhibitors of prostaglandin production. It has been assumed that the tocolytic mechanism of nimesulide and indomethacin is only through decreased prostaglandin production. The purpose of this study was to test ...
Terada Y - - 2001
Glucocorticoids are widely used for the treatment of glomerulonephritis, but the mechanism of cell cycle inhibition by glucocorticoids is poorly understood at a molecular level. The effects of dexamethasone on cell cycle progression were examined in rat mesangial cells. To investigate the mechanisms of cell cycle inhibition by dexamethasone, we ...
Vachier I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Human blood polymorphonuclear cells, which biosynthesize eicosanoids from the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway, are likely to be involved in asthma, in which glucocorticoids represent the first line of therapy. Their effects on leukotriene release after a short course of treatment, which have been reported in several studies, are controversial. OBJECTIVE: ...
Daniel C - - 2001
Inflammation is characterized by an excess of cell proliferation often leading to fibrosis and sclerosis with subsequent loss of organ function. We hypothesized that these features may be ameliorated by induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis as result of therapy with matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors. In our study, mesangial ...
Noguchi K - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the involvement of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in prostaglandin (PG) production by human oral gingival epithelial (OGE) cells stimulated with proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin(IL)-1alpha, IL-1alpha and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), and serum. Fetal bovine serum (FBS)-stimulated OGE cells produced ...
Segawa K - - 2001
We investigated the effects of nicorandil, which is a hybrid between a nitrate and an ATP-sensitive potassium channel (K(ATP)) opener, on cultured rat mesangial cell proliferation. Nicorandil (1 microM to 1 mM inhibited [(3)H]thymidine incorporation into rat mesangial cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Nicorandil (1 microM to 1 mM) also ...
Kuo Y C - - 2001
In the hope of identifying agents of therapeutic value in glomerulonephritis from Chinese herbs, we found that methanolic extracts of Polygonum hypoleucum Ohwi (P. hypoleucum Ohwi) inhibit human mesangial cells proliferation activated with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) previously. This study was designed to identify bioactive components from P. hypoleucum ...
Doi T - - 2001
Mesangial cell proliferation is a general characteristic of a variety of glomerular diseases. Therefore, an understanding of the regulatory mechanism is important for treatment of glomerular diseases. The present review shows that the growth arrest gene 6 (Gas 6) is a new autocrine growth factor of mesangial cells and that ...
Bariéty J - - 2001
This study examined six cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome with primary lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) that relapsed after renal transplantation. The glomerular lesions comprised the cellular, the collapsing, and the scar variants of FSGS and showed shedding of large round cells into Bowman's space and within the tubular ...
Kabadere S D - - 2001
Endothelin (ET)-1 induces proliferation of various cells including smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, glomerular mesangial cells, endothelial cells and osteoblasts. ET-1 also stimulates synthesis of interleukin (IL)-6 in endothelial and bone marrow stromal cells of rat. It is well known that IL-6 modulates megakaryocytopoiesis. Some studies have indicated that megakaryocytes express ...
van der Helm H A - - 2001
Mesangial cells can be induced to express group IIA and group V secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) at the mRNA level and at the protein level. In this report we quantitatively analyze the expression of both proteins in stimulated cells by Western blot techniques. We found that 75-80% of the total ...
Cao L C - - 2001
AIMS: The present studies assessed the possibility that exposure to oxalate leads to alterations in membrane structure that promote crystal binding to renal epithelial cells. Specifically, we determined whether oxalate exposure produces a redistribution of membrane phosphatidylserine (PS) and an increase in the binding of (14)C-oxalate crystals to renal epithelial ...
Okada T - - 2001
The immunolocalization of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor (EGFR) was examined in the perinatal rat kidney. As the index of proliferative activity, PCNA-positive cell ratios in glomeruli and proximal tubules were determined. The PCNA-positive ratios in both glomeruli and proximal tubules decreased significantly ...
Brunskill N - - 2001
The likely role of albumin in the induction tubulo-interstitial injury in proteinuria has stimulated considerable interest in the entry of albumin into the proximal tubule and its subsequent uptake by proximal tubular cells. Currently, there is considerable controversy over the degree of glomerular permeability to albumin. After filtration, however, albumin ...
Kim J S - - 2001
Kidney biopsy is an indispensible procedure for making a pathologic diagnosis of renal diseases by fixing and staining the biopsy specimen. However, it is not a routine procedure to culture the cells from a renal biopsy specimen directly, or to utilize the cultured cells for any kind of diagnostic or ...
Ishikawa Y - - 2000
Bioflavonoids have been regarded as therapeutic agents for a wide range of disease including inflammation. In this report, we investigated effects of bioflavonoid quercetin on mitosis and apoptosis of glomerular cells in vitro and in vivo. Serum-stimulated rat mesangial cells were treated with or without quercetin, and total cell number, ...
Rader K - - 2000
Ankyrin-repeat family A protein (ANKRA) is a novel protein that interacts directly and specifically with the cytoplasmic tail of megalin in the yeast two-hybrid system and glutathione-S-transferase pull-down assays. ANKRA has three ankyrin repeats and shows 61% overall homology to regulatory factor X, ankyrin repeat-containing protein. Mapping studies show that ...
Cardani R - - 2000
Cell proliferation rate and apoptosis were examined in archival kidneys from young, middle-aged, and old male F344 rats. Immunohistochemical expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and apoptosis were quantified in the same cell populations of the proximal tubule epithelium. A total of 79 kidneys from 40 rats were examined. ...
Martin D R - - 2000
The enzyme, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), effects repair of DNA after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury to cells in nerve and muscle tissue. However, its activation in severely damaged cells can lead to ATP depletion and death. We show that PARP expression is enhanced in damaged renal proximal tubules beginning at 6-12 h ...
Ysebaert D K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte adhesion/infiltration in response to renal ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a well-known but poorly understood phenomenon. The identification, kinetics, and exact role of these inflammatory cells in I/R injury and regeneration are still matters of debate. METHODS: Uninephrectomized rats were submitted to 60 min renal ischaemia by clamping of ...
Shimizu A - - 2000
Immune system mediated, particularly antibody- and complement-mediated, glomerular injury triggers glomerulonephritis (GN). To characterize complement-mediated cytotoxicity in GN, we assessed the process of mesangial cell death induced by C5b-9 attack in Thy-1 GN. Cell injury was recognized morphologically, and nuclear DNA breaks were confirmed by the DNA nick end labeling ...
Ryan M J - - 2000
One of the major physiological regulators for the production and release of renin from the kidney is blood pressure. The juxtaglomerular (JG) cells, located primarily at the afferent arterioles leading to the glomerulus, are thought to be the baroreceptor of the kidney and adjust their ability to secrete renin in ...
Pegoraro A A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Several investigators have detected an albumin permeability factor in the serum of patients with the idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS), that is, minimal change disease (MCD) or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), but the methods used have been complex. METHODS: We describe here a simpler method using cultured rat glomerular epithelial ...
Zaman Z - - 2000
We aimed to assess the utility of the percentage of G cells and dysmorphic erythrocytes in the diagnosis of glomerular hematuria in pediatric patients. We determined the percentage of dysmorphic erythrocytes and G1 cells in urine samples from patients with glomerulonephritis and other renal diseases of non-glomerular origin. There was ...
Takeda T - - 2000
Podocalyxin is a major membrane protein of the glomerular epithelium and is thought to be involved in maintenance of the architecture of the foot processes and filtration slits characteristic of this unique epithelium by virtue of its high negative charge. However, until now there has been no direct evidence for ...
Fornoni A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chronic nephrotoxicity is an important adverse effect of cyclosporine A (CsA) therapy. Tubulo-interstitial lesions and arteriolopathy are common histologic findings. Glomerular lesions are also described, but they are of variable severity. The aim of our study is to determine whether CsA has a direct effect on mesangial cells and ...
Zahedi R - - 2000
The C5a receptor is expressed by a variety of cell types. These studies demonstrate by immunohistochemistry that the receptor is present on the surface of proximal and distal tubular epithelial cells from normal kidney. In addition, the receptor was detected on transitional epithelial cells of the ureter and bladder. Primary ...
Furuichi K - - 2000
We investigated the presence of CCR1- and CCR5-positive cells immunohistochemically in the kidneys of 38 patients with several renal diseases, including 13 crescentic glomerulonephritis patients. In addition, we determined cell phenotypes of CCR1- and CCR5-positive cells using a dual immunostaining technique. Urinary levels of their ligands, for CCR1 and CCR5; ...
Oite T - - 2000
Application of the TUNEL method and immunostaining cell-specific markers to a whole isolated glomerulus in combination with confocal laser scan microscopy can be used to analyze cell turnover including apoptosis within glomeruli. Furthermore, the technologies can be used to deepen our understanding of glomerular cell biology and pathophysiology at the ...
Weissgarten J - - 2000
While the bulk of renal hypertrophy induced by contralateral nephrectomy or a high-protein diet consists of tubular cell growth, there is some evidence suggesting that mesangial cells play a role in this phenomenon. Previous data suggest that this role of mesangial cells is associated with their proliferation. We, therefore, undertook ...
Whittle W L - - 2000
The amnion, a single layer of epithelial cells (EC) overlying layers of mesenchymal cells (MC) has been identified as a source of intrauterine prostaglandins (PG). The objectives of the present study were: (1) to establish a technique for the isolation and culture of pure amnion EC and MC preparations, (2) ...
Anderson R J - - 2000
Conditions associated with intravascular hemolysis are often complicated by acute renal failure which is characterized by renal vasoconstriction and tubular injury. However, the effects of human red blood cell (RBC) hemolysate on renal tubular epithelial cell function have not been well characterized. We therefore measured the effect of distilled water-lysed ...
Cybulsky A V - - 2000
Growth factor production, glomerular cell proliferation and glomerular extracellular matrix expansion are prominent features of mesangioproliferative and crescentic glomerulonephritides. Recent studies have provided additional insights into the mechanisms of mesangial cell proliferation and interaction with extracellular matrix, and have focused on selective interruption of relevant mediators of injury. Studies into ...
Range S P - - 2000
Cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitors may have a role in reducing inflammation in asthma and other pulmonary diseases. COX inhibitors have different selectivities for the two COX isoenzymes (COX 1 and COX 2) which vary between purified enzyme and intact cell preparations. The relative selectivity of COX inhibitors has not been studied ...
Arar M - - 2000
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B-chain and PDGF receptor beta (PDGFR beta) are essential for glomerulogenesis. Mice deficient in PDGF B-chain or PDGFR beta exhibit an abnormal glomerular phenotype characterized by total lack of mesangial cells. In this study, we localized PDGFR beta in the developing rat kidney and explored the ...
Schmitz P G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The administration of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) derived from marine oils has been shown to suppress vascular myocyte, lymphocyte, keratinocyte, and mesangial cell proliferation in vitro, although the effects are variable and most reports provide fragmented insight into the mechanism(s) responsible for altering cell growth, particularly the relationship of membrane ...
Blumenstein M - - 2000
Previous studies have identified both pro-inflammatory cytokines and glucocorticoids as positive regulators of amnion prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis. The stimulatory effects of dexamethasone (Dex), a glucocorticoid agonist, on prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthase (PGHS)-2 mRNA expression and PG biosynthesis in amnion have been attributed to an atypical response by the mesenchymal cells ...
Grande J P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Mesangial cell proliferation is a characteristic feature of IgA nephropathy and many other forms of glomerulonephritis. Recent clinical studies have shown that dietary fish oil supplementation retards renal disease progression in patients with IgA nephropathy. The mechanism by which this effect occurs is unknown. METHODS: The anti-Thy 1.1 (ATS) ...
Okada M - - 2000
Our colleagues have previously observed the number of renin-immunoreactive juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA) in renal specimens from patients with Bartter's and pseudo-Bartter's syndromes and from the normal individual. The question we have is to what extent the renin-containing cells actually increased their cell number. It is easy to count the number ...
Bader M - - 2000
Renin, as the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of the potent vasoactive peptide angiotensin II, has been studied for more than 100 years. Transgenic and knockout mice for renin and other proteins involved in renin regulation and function have recently revealed new evidence that can improve our understanding of its ...
Rodriguez-Barbero A - - 2000
The purpose of this short review is to present the potential of using isolated glomeruli and cultured mesangial cells as two different in vitro models to assess the glomerular effect of molecules with nephrotoxic properties. The advantage of using isolated renal glomeruli is that they conserve the architecture of this ...
Tribolo S - - 2000
The expression and the subcellular localizations of annexins I, II, IV, VI, and XIII in renal epithelial cells were investigated, using immunological techniques with specific monoclonal antibodies. Upon performing Western blotting experiments, no annexins VI and XIII were detected in kidney, whereas annexins I, II, and IV were. Immunofluorescence labelling ...
Kitten A M - - 1999
Osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1 or BMP-7) is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates the development of several tissues during embryogenesis, including the skeleton, eye, and kidney. In postnatal life, OP-1 expression is most abundant in the kidney, although the cellular localization of this expression has not been described. In this study, we ...
Inoshita S - - 1999
Roles of E2F1 in mesangial cell proliferation in vitro. The proliferation of mesangial cells is a common feature of many glomerular diseases. E2F transcription factors play an important role in the regulation of the cell cycle. However, the regulation of the mesangial cell cycle and the participation of the E2F ...
Suzuki D - - 1999
Mesangial cells play an important role in maintaining a structure and function of the glomerulus and in the pathogenesis of glomerular diseases. Recently, we discovered a new mesangium-predominant gene termed "megsin." Megsin is a novel protein that belongs to the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) superfamily. To elucidate the pathophysiologic role ...
Haas C S - - 1999
Glomerular mesangial cells have a central function in maintaining structure and function of the glomerular capillary ultrafiltration apparatus. Regardless of the type of glomerular injury, imbalances in the control of mesangial cell replication appear to play a key role in the pathogenesis of progressive renal failure. The available evidence from ...
Holmes R P - - 1999
The pathways of oxalate synthesis in humans are not well defined despite their clinical significance in primary hyperoxaluria and idiopathic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis. Furthermore, the functional roles, if any, of this synthesis have not been elucidated. This study examines pathways of oxalate synthesis from glycolate in Hep G2 cells, a ...
Koul H K - - 1999
Idiopathic calcium oxalate stone formation is a multifactorial disease. It is therefore unlikely that a single underlying condition will be responsible for entire spectrum of the disease; however, it appears that one important factor in the pathogenesis is an abnormality in oxalate metabolism. Whatever the cause, two critical parameters for ...
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