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Devlin Alison M - - 2003
We recently identified a novel calcium-regulated gene, HCaRG, that is highly expressed in the kidney and maps to a chromosomal locus determining kidney weight in rats. The mRNA levels of HCaRG negatively correlate with the proliferative status of the kidney cells. To investigate its role in renal epithelial cellular growth ...
Cortes-Hernandez J - - 2002
An increased number of apoptotic bodies have been detected in glomeruli of non-nephritic kidneys of C1q-deficient mice. In these mice an in vivo impaired uptake of apoptotic cells by peritoneal macrophages was also demonstrated. Here we investigated whether C1q plays a role in the in vitro clearance of apoptotic cells ...
Maeshima Akito - - 2002
It has been recently shown that in ischemic rat kidneys activin A is induced in tubular cells and inhibits their regeneration. The present study was conducted to further investigate the action of activin A in tubular cells during regeneration. Among genes thought to be critical for kidney development, Pax-2 was ...
Katsuma Susumu - - 2002
The bioactive sphingolipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is formed by the activation of sphingosine kinase (SPHK) in diverse stimuli, such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). S1P acts not only as an extracellular mediator but also as an intracellular second messenger, resulting in the proliferation of various different types of cells. However, ...
Ollerstam Anna - - 2002
In the juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney the distal tubule returns to its own glomerulus where specialised cells, the macula densa (MD) cells, are located so that they come in contact with the tubular fluid. It is well documented that MD cells sense the distal tubular flow-rate and that when ...
Rost Sylvia - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although extracellular nucleotides have been shown to confer mitogenic effects in cultured rat mesangial cells through activation of purinergic P2 receptors (P2Y receptors), thus far the in vivo relevance of these findings is unclear. Virtually all cells and in particular the dense granules of platelets contain high levels of ...
Zeng Hong - - 2002
Mesangial cell proliferation is an early event in several progressive renal diseases. When mesangial cells in culture are rendered quiescent by serum starvation and subsequently stimulated to proliferate, induction of c-fos is an early indicator of entry into the cell cycle. Several heparin-sensitive signals transduce these events. We have examined ...
Nagata Michio - - 2003
Podocytes are highly differentiated cells that play a central role in glomerular function. Cell cycle quiescence sustained by the tight regulation of cell cycle molecules seems to be the basis of podocyte differentiation, as reflected in reciprocal expression of cyclins and cyclin kinase inhibitors (CKIs) during glomerulogenesis, concurrent with the ...
Berfield Anne K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Chronic treatment of mesangial cells with insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) results in intracellular lipid accumulation. These mesangial cells resemble foam cells. METHODS: To determine whether this phenotype affects cell function, lipid-laden mesangial cells were tested for their ability to migrate in response to IGF-binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) and to contract ...
Ono Takahiko - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recently, in vitro studies have shown that some calcium channel blockers inhibit the proliferation of mesangial cells. In the present study, we evaluated the antiproliferative effects of benidipine, a calcium channel blocker, in comparison with other calcium channel blockers, and attempted to further clarify its mechanism of ...
Stefanović Vladisav - - 2002
Polyamines were found to modulate the activity of several membrane-bound enzymes, participating in cell growth and differentiation. We have studied the effect of polyamines (spermidine, spermine and putrescine) on rat mesangial cell ectoenzymes: 5'-nucleotidase, Mg(2+)-ATPase and Ca(2+)-ATPase. Ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity was significantly increased after 48 h treatment with spermine and spermidine. ...
Inoue Chiyoko N - - 2002
Mesangial cell proliferation is a prominent feature of progression in many forms of renal diseases, including immunoglobulin A nephropathy, lupus nephritis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, and diabetic nephropathy. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has received much attention as the major mediator of mesangial cell proliferation by autocrine/paracrine mechanisms involving up-regulation of mesangial ...
Hughes Alisa K - - 2002
The greater susceptibility of children to renal injury in post-diarrheal hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) may be related, at least in part, to heightened renal cell sensitivity to the cytotoxic effect of Shiga toxin (Stx), the putative mediator of kidney damage in HUS. We hypothesized that sexual maturation, which coincides with a ...
Gross Marie Louise - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A substantial body of experimental evidence suggests that protein loading causes activation of proximal tubular epithelial cells with consecutive interstitial fibrosis. These studies have mostly been performed using mammalian in vivo models of glomerular damage or tissue cultures of mammalian tubulointerstitial cells. The kidney of the axolotl contains not ...
Obermüller Nicholas - - 2002
Polycystin-2 represents one of so far two proteins found to be mutated in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease. Evidence obtained from experiments carried out in cell lines and with native kidney tissue strongly suggests that polycystin-2 is located in the endoplasmic reticulum. In the kidney, polycystin-2 is highly expressed ...
Ota Takayuki - - 2002
Impairment of kidney function in various types of glomerular disease is associated with tubulointerstitial changes. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is up-regulated in the tubulointerstitium and in the glomeruli in many human and experimental kidney disorders. We investigated the localization of MCP-1 expression in a rat model of progressive kidney failure. ...
Bhandari Akshay - - 2002
PURPOSE: Oxalate, a metabolic end product, is a major constituent of majority of renal stones. Previous studies with LLC-PK1 cells, a line of proximal renal epithelial cells of porcine origin, have shown that oxalate produces time and concentration dependent effects on the growth and viability of these cells. We assessed ...
Abbate Mauro - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In proteinuric nephropathies with increasingly severe defects of the glomerular filtering barrier, interstitial fibrogenesis is a major effector of scarring. An early event in this process is the peritubular accumulation of myofibroblasts that express alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and contribute to abnormal matrix production. Common trigger factors are poorly ...
Boucherot Anissa - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis (PAN) is a rat model for human minimal change nephropathy. During PAN, severe proteinuria is induced that is paralleled by a reduced expression of a rat podocyte protein, named podoplanin. The protein probably plays a role in maintaining the unique shape of podocytes. Recently, attenuated amino ...
Sumbayev Vadim V - - 2002
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species such as superoxide (O(2)(-)) and nitric oxide (NO) are produced under diverse conditions and provoke distinct signaling reactions. The formation of NO has been shown to induce apoptosis and/or necrosis in mesangial cells and to protect other cells such as hepatocytes. Often, NO and O(2)(-) ...
Yamada Harutaka - - 2002
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is synthesized in mesenchymally derived cells and prevents the oxygen radical-induced injury. We studied whether kidney mesangial cells (MCs) produce EC-SOD and how its production is associated with chemokine secretion. Under unstimulated condition, MCs produced EC-SOD, and its production was correlated positively with cyclic adenosine monophosphate ...
Yaoita Eishin - - 2002
Podocytes are unique cells with regard to morphology, their inability to proliferate in situ, and their apparent essential function for glomerular filtration and permselectivity. Upon transfer into culture conditions, polygonal epithelial cells grow out from isolated glomeruli and these cells have been postulated to represent dedifferentiated podocytes, even though they ...
Kim Hyeon Hoe - - 2002
PURPOSE: Until recently, oxalate was considered merely as a major component of calcium oxalate stones, forming crystals in the lumen of the renal tubules. However, new evidence suggests that oxalate is not only a major constituent of calcium oxalate stones but also has effect on renal tubular epithelial cells, affecting ...
Rovin Brad H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Proliferation of intrinsic glomerular cells is a common response to renal injury. Acutely, proliferation may be beneficial, but sustained glomerular hypercellularity after injury is associated with progressive renal failure. To identify endogenous factors that may be responsible for regulating glomerular cell number, the effects of J-series cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PGs) ...
Routh Robert Earl - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our laboratory has shown that troglitazone, a thiazolidinedione and peroxisomal proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonist, prevents mesangial expansion and glomerulosclerosis in diabetic rats. We investigated and compared the action of two PPAR agonists at the level of the mesangial cell. METHODS: Rat mesangial cells were grown in medium ...
Yamagishi Sho-ichi - - 2002
Advanced glycation end products (AGE) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis in diabetes. However, their involvement in the development of the early phase of diabetic nephropathy has not been fully elucidated. We investigated the effects of AGE on growth and on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and monocyte ...
Shu Yujing - - 2002
Tubular response, including phenotypic changes against a variety of injuries, is an initial event that promotes tubulointerstitial injuries. Using the progressive kidney disease model of rat adriamycin (ADR) nephrosis, the present study focused on the cell cycle activation and phenotypic changes that occur in the tubuli in early tubulointerstitial injury ...
Gattone Vincent H VH - - 2002
In glomerular development, the glomerular epithelium is derived from the lower loop of the S-shaped renal vesicle. However, it is unclear whether the capillary endothelium is derived directly by vasculogenesis (e.g. differentiated directly from local metanephric mesenchyme) or whether they are derived by angiogenesis (i.e. derived from pre-existing vasculature in ...
Wu Jean - - 2002
Ab-mediated mechanisms have been considered the major causes of glomerulonephritis (GN). However, recent studies suggest that T cells may be more important in mediating GN. To investigate the effects of antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells, we generated Th1 cell lines specific for this antigen from rats that had been immunized with ...
Gennero Isabelle - - 2002
The lipid mediator sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) may alter the proliferation of mesangial cells during pathophysiological processes. Here, S1P stimulated proliferation of rat mesangial cells and phosphorylation of MAPKs at subconfluent cell density. Both effects were inhibited by pertussis toxin treatment. Mesangial cells expressed several S1P receptors of the endothelial differentiation ...
Arita Danielle Yuri - - 2002
The capacity of mesangial cells (MC) to produce catecholamines (CAs) has been investigated in our laboratory. To study the CA cascade, it is necessary to examine some steps in their metabolic pathway. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of these biogenic amines (dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), ...
Toye Ashley M - - 2002
Human band 3 Walton is an AE1 mutation that results in the deletion of the 11 COOH-terminal amino acids of the protein and is associated with dominant distal renal tubular acidosis. The properties of band 3 Walton expressed with normal band 3 in the heterozygous mutant erythrocytes and the kidney ...
Andrade A Q - - 2002
Renin is an enzyme involved in the stepwise generation of angiotensin II. Juxtaglomerular cells are the main source of plasma renin, but renin activity has been detected in other cell types. In the present study we evaluated the presence of renin mRNA in adult male Wistar rat and mouse (C-57 ...
Chikama Shumei - - 2002
We have reported that heparan sulfate (HS)/heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG, syndecan-1) expression significantly increased in the rat kidney during calcium oxalate (CaOx) nephrolithiasis. Although the exact role of syndecan still remains unclear, HS/syndecan-1 is thought to have some important role in the CaOx crystal formation. Mardin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells ...
Murphy Madeline - - 2002
Gremlin is a member of the differential screening-selected gene aberrative in the neuroblastoma (DAN) family of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonists. Gremlin influences diverse processes in growth, differentiation and development. Increased expression of gremlin has recently been demonstrated in several models of diabetic nephropathy. Gremlin arrests the cell cycle in ...
Kubo Atsushi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Habu snake venom (HSV)-induced glomerulonephritis is a unique model showing a progressive course of mesangial proliferation. To elucidate the in vitro effects of HSV, we examined whether HSV itself could have direct effects on the cultured mesangial cells, such as cell proliferation and activation of chemokine gene expression. METHODS: ...
Suzuki D - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIM: Progressive expansion of mesangial matrix and glomerular basement membrane thickening represent alterations in the balance between synthesis and degradation of glomerular extracellular matrix (ECM) protein and are hallmarks of diabetic nephropathy. In order to elucidate the basis for this imbalance between the synthesis and the degradation of ECM in ...
Cook J L - - 2001
To differentiate the relative effects of nuclear and cell surface angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors, we mutated the angiotensinogen cDNA by removing the signal sequence-encoding region to produce a nonsecreted form of angiotensinogen [Ang(-S)Exp]. Rat hepatoma cells (which produce renin and angiotensin-converting enzyme mRNAs) were stably transfected with Ang(-S)Exp/pSVL (or ...
Hill G S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Response of the renal tubules to proteinuria is implicated in progression of renal disease. Experimentally, proteinuria causes increased tubular synthesis of macrophagic and other chemokines, with increased tubular cellular proliferation and apoptosis, leading to interstitial inflammation and fibrosis. Clinically, diminution of proteinuria leads to the slowing of progression, but ...
Parameswaran N - - 2001
Adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilatory and hypotensive peptide produces several biological outcomes in glomerular mesangial cells. Mesangial cells are important in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis, and therefore the actions of AM on mesangial cells have important clinical and therapeutic implications. This minireview describes the various actions of AM on mesangial ...
Tsuboi N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Glomerular mesangial cells potentially secrete many growth-modulating substances that could regulate mesangial cell proliferation. To date, however, the properties of such factors have not been fully evaluated. METHODS: For that purpose, conditioned medium (CM) from mesangial cells was used for cross-feeding experiments. Cell proliferation was evaluated by 3H-thymidine incorporation ...
Chen G - - 2001
Mesangial expansion is a key feature in the pathogenesis of numerous renal diseases involving the glomerulus. Studies indicate that mutations in apolipoprotein E (apoE) might independently contribute to kidney dysfunction. Although the role of apoE as an atheroprotective molecule is well established, its role in kidney is unclear. In this ...
Sharma R A - - 2001
Cyclooxygenases (COX) catalyse the oxygenation of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin (PG) endoperoxides. Activity of one of the COX isoforms, COX-2, results in production of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) via the endoperoxide PGH(2). COX-2 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a mutagen produced by spontaneous and ...
Walss-Bass C - - 2001
Tubulin is an alphabeta heterodimer. Both the alpha and beta polypeptides exist as multiple isotypes. Although tubulin was generally thought to exist only in the cytoplasm, we have previously reported the presence of the betaII isotype of tubulin in the nuclei of cultured rat kidney mesangial cells, smooth-muscle-like cells that ...
Yamaguchi M - - 2001
The ICR-derived glomerulonephritis (ICGN) mouse is a novel inbred mouse strain with a hereditary nephrotic syndrome, considered to be a good model of human idiopathic nephrotic syndrome and develops proteinuria, hypoproteinemia and anemia. In the present study, we compared the cell kinetics in the kidneys of ICGN mice with age-matched ...
Birmelé B - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIM: In idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS), ciclosporin A (CsA) was shown to decrease proteinuria, an effect explained by its immunologic and hemodynamic actions. In order to determine whether CsA could have a direct action on glomerular cells, we studied the effect of CsA on glomerular cells in vitro, particularly on ...
Kirtikara K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are more selective for PGHS-2 maintain their antiinflammatory properties but exhibit fewer unfavorable gastrointestinal side effects. To evaluate the usefulness of the murine PGHS-null cell system in analyzing PGHS-2 selective inhibitors, we tested PGHS-2 non-selective NSAIDs and two PGHS-2 specific compounds using either endogenous ...
Yaoita E - - 2001
The origin of cobblestone-like polygonal cells (the most numerous in renal glomerular cell culture) remains controversial; they could be either dedifferentiated podocytes or parietal epithelial cells (PECs) of Bowman's capsule. Poor cellular outgrowth from glomeruli devoid of Bowman's capsule (decapsulated glomeruli) hinders podocytes being obtained without contamination of PECs in ...
Steffes M W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The number of cells in glomeruli has been a challenging measure, especially in human kidneys, with only a small amount of tissue obtained by biopsy. However, the number of cells and their function are important determinants of renal function in health and disease. METHODS: Modern morphometric techniques have now ...
Harris D C - - 2001
Tubulointerstitial damage, in progressive chronic renal disease of all types, arises because of a complex interplay between factors in the tubular lumen, tubular epithelial cells, peritubular capillaries, resident and infiltrating interstitial cells and extracellular matrix. Particularly in proteinuric renal disease, tubular epithelial cells play a central role in orchestrating these ...
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