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Results 301 - 350 of 1127
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Jeong Jayoung - - 2004
Burn injury elicits a wide range of intracellular signaling events leading to alterations in phenotypes of distant organs. Renal dysfunction is one of several serious postburn complications. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of renal dysfunction among burn patients, we investigated alterations in the expression of heat shock proteins (Hsps) ...
Ingram Alistair J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Alteration in mesangial cell function is central to the progression of glomerular disease in numerous models of chronic renal failure (CRF). Animal models of chronic glomerular disease are characterized by mesangial cell proliferation and elaboration of extracellular matrix protein (ECM), resulting in glomerulosclerosis. Elevated plasma levels of homocysteine (Hcy) ...
Masaki Takao - - 2004
Examined was extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) activation in normal human kidney (n = 2) and a cohort of glomerulopathies by immunohistochemistry staining for the dual-phosphorylated form of ERK (p-ERK). Cell proliferation was determined by expression of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). In normal human kidney, p-ERK was largely restricted ...
Heusinger-Ribeiro Juliane - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Statins are increasingly recognized as mediators of direct cellular effects independent of their lipid lowering capacity. Therefore, the time and concentration dependence of various statin-mediated cellular alterations was compared in renal mesangial cells. METHODS: The effects of statins on cell proliferation, gene expression, cytoskeletal alterations, apoptosis, and cytotoxicity were ...
Jin Jong-Shiaw - - 2004
The effects of IgA immune complex (IgA-IC) on the contractile function of cultured mesangial cells were measured by the changes in planar surface area in response to treatment with agonists. Incubation of mesangial cells with IgA-IC for 24 hours significantly decreased the contractile responses to angiotensin II (10(-6) M) and ...
Rogers Katherine K - - 2004
Primary cilia play a role in the maintenance of tubular epithelial differentiation and ciliary dysfunction can result in abnormal cyst formation, such as occurs in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). We previously showed that the exocyst, an eight-protein complex involved in the biogenesis of polarity from yeast to mammals, ...
Knoll Thomas - - 2004
Most renal stones in humans are composed of calcium oxalate. An increase in urinary oxalate levels has been shown to result in renal epithelial cell injury and crystal retention. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Although the localization of primary stone formation and the associated cells playing the pivotal role ...
Ishizawa Keisuke - - 2004
We previously found that human chymase selectively cleaves big endothelin-1 (ET-1) at the Tyr31-Gly32 bond and produces 31-amino acid endothelins, ET-1 (1-31), without any further degradation products. In this study, we investigated the effect of ET-1 (1-31) on the migration of cultured rat mesangial cells (RMCs) and on cells of ...
Leimeister Cornelia - - 2004
The vertebrate kidney develops through a series of mesenchymal-epithelial interactions between the ureteric bud and the metanephrogenic mesenchyme to form nephrons and the collecting system, which are both embedded in the renal interstitium. The interstitial stromal cells are an essential prerequisite for regular kidney development, but their origin and function ...
Pham Phuong-Chi - - 2004
Genetic studies indicated that mutations of the chloride channel CLC-5 in the kidney are responsible for a group of clinical disorders, collectively called Dent's disease. In the kidney, CLC-5 was found to be expressed in the proximal tubule, medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL) of loop of Henle, and intercalated cells ...
Morrison Jolean - - 2004
Pathological alterations in glomerular mesangial cells play a critical role in the development of diabetic nephropathy, the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Molecular mechanisms mediating such alterations, however, remain to be fully understood. The present study first examined the effect of high glucose on the mRNA expression profile in ...
Selbi Wisam - - 2004
Increased synthesis of hyaluronan (HA) in the renal corticointerstitium has been documented in renal injury, although the functional significance of this is unclear. The aim of the work presented in the current study was to examine the role of HA in monocyte binding by proximal tubular cells (PTC). Using the ...
Ma Ji - - 2004
A previous study showed that exogenous angiotensin II (AngII) induces proliferation of glomerular cells through systemic actions of AngII. In the present study, the authors examined the mode of actions of endogenous AngII in injured kidneys that were made deficient in AT1 by using in vivo transfection of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide ...
Tomita Naruya - - 2004
Mesangial cell (MC) proliferation is a central feature of many glomerular diseases. Various growth factors and cytokines are known to trigger MC proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. Regardless of the initial stimulus, proliferation is ultimately dependent upon the coordinated activation of cell cycle regulatory genes whose transcription is ...
Rademacher David J - - 2004
We have established a clonal cell line derived from rat microglia that proliferates in response to macrophage-colony stimulating factor (CSF-1). Like primary neonatal microglia, these cells (named RTMGL1) exhibit a ramified morphology, bind isolectin B4, express CD68 and are weakly positive for CD11b and MHC class II. CSF-1-dependent proliferation requires ...
Pawluczyk Izabella Z A IZ John Walls Renal Unit, Leicester General Hospital; and University of Leicester, Leicester, UK. - - 2004
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) protect against the development of glomerulosclerosis using mechanisms partly dissociated from their systemic antihypertensive action. The aim of the current study was to delineate the mechanism of action underlying the antifibrotic effects of the ACE-I perindoprilat in the context of macrophage-mediated scarring in human mesangial cells. ...
Kikuchi Yuichi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 has several functions, such as cell proliferation, regulation of apoptosis and interaction of cell adhesion, and has a high binding affinity for advanced glycation end products. In animal models with diabetic nephropathy (DMN) or acute renal failure, galectin-3 is known to be upregulated. However, galectin-3 expression has not ...
Bailleux Anne - - 2004
Madin-Darby canine kidney type II cells were shown to release low amounts of AA (arachidonic acid) and prostaglandin E2 in response to various stimuli when analysed after cell confluence. In contrast, non-confluent Madin-Darby canine kidney type II cells released much higher amounts of AA and prostaglandin E2. In both stationary ...
Manotham Krissanapong - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tubulointerstitial fibrosis leads to progressive kidney disease and, ultimately, may result in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Myofibroblasts, which express alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) in their cytoplasm, regulate renal fibrogenesis. Recent studies suggest that certain interstitial myofibroblasts derive from renal tubular cells that have undergone epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) (transdifferentiation). However, ...
Iguchi Seitaro - - 2004
Osteopontin (OPN) is considered as a key protein in cell regeneration. OPN is thought to have many functions in cell-cell binding and cell-matrix binding via OPN receptors in various organs. But there is little information on the precise role of OPN. To clarify the functional role of OPN in tubular ...
Yamashita Shin - - 2004
The present study was conducted to examine the involvement of the activin-follistatin system in the fibrotic process of the kidney. Immunoreactive activin A was upregulated in tubular cells in the kidneys with unilateral ureteral obstruction but not in normal and contralateral kidneys. Activin A promoted cell proliferation, enhanced the expression ...
Nakashima H - - 2004
Lupus nephritis presents two polar histological patterns, diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN) and membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN). In the kidney tissue of DPGN, numerous mononuclear cells were seen in the interstitium and glomeruli; on the other hand in MGN, infiltrating cells were less frequent. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemoattractant ...
Yoo Chong Woo - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reactive oxygen species are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Amadori-modified glycated albumin modulates signaling pathways in mesangial cells that contribute to the development of diabetic nephropathy. However, the effects of glycated albumin on mesangial cell superoxide (O2-) production are unknown. Thus, we examined whether glycated albumin induces ...
Khan Saeed R - - 2004
Normal urinary environment is inhibitory to crystallization. Occasional crystals are internalized by the renal epithelial cells and sequestered to lysosomes or externalized into the interstitium to be handled by the inflammatory cells. Elevated levels of oxalate and calcium oxalate crystals, however, provoke renal cells to increase the synthesis of osteopontin, ...
Masłyk Teresa - - 2004
The influence of losartan, angiotensin receptor on the histological image of the adrenal glomerular layer of white rats was revealed. The drug was administered in the therapeutic and ten times higher dose. It was manifested by the decrease of glandular cells and prevalence of blastic cells of the cortex. After ...
Lahme S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Physicochemical properties of urine do not explain the formation of urinary stones. Clinical findings and results of animal experiments suggest that alteration to the renal tubular cell plays a key role in the initiation of urinary stone formation. It is not clear whether this is a primarily intracellular alteration ...
Asselman Marino - - 2003
Retention of crystals in the kidney is an essential early step in renal stone formation. Studies with renal tubular cells in culture indicate that hyaluronan (HA) and osteopontin (OPN) and their mutual cell surface receptor CD44 play an important role in calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystal binding during wound healing. This ...
Griffin Siân V - - 2003
Although initially identified and characterized as regulators of the cell cycle and hence proliferation, an extended role for cell cycle proteins has been appreciated more recently in a number of physiologic and pathologic processes, including development, differentiation, hypertrophy, and apoptosis. Their precise contribution to the cellular response to injury appears ...
Wu Jean - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) glomerulonephritis is among the earliest recognized human autoimmune diseases. However, the etiology of anti-GBM glomerulonephritis remains unclear. We have previously shown that CD4+ T cells, specific to alpha3 NC1 of type IV collagen (Col4alpha3NC1), were able to induce anti-GBM glomerulonephritis in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. In ...
Orikasa Michiaki - - 2003
The origin of crescent-forming cells in crescentic glomerulonephritis has not been clarified in spite of the application of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against glomerular epithelial cells or monocytes/macrophages. This study was undertaken to characterize the cellular composition of crescents using a new marker, mAb OS-3, produced against macrophagic cells derived from ...
Bariety Jean - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Among the cellular changes occurring in renal fibrosis, epithelial-mesenchymal cell transdifferentiation or transition (EMT) is a phenomenon characterized in epithelial cells by loss of epithelial markers and acquisition of mesenchymal phenotype and of fibrosing properties. METHODS: To test the hypothesis that EMT is involved in human pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis ...
Vonend Oliver - - 2003
1. Mesangial cell proliferation is observed in a number of kidney diseases. The sympathetic cotransmitter ATP is suspected to play a major role in proliferative processes. Therefore, the effects of exogenous ATP on human mesangial cells in culture were studied. 2. Fresh human kidney cortex was processed to obtain mesangial ...
Tsuchiya Takahumi - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Troglitazone is one of thiazolidinedione derivatives as a high affinity ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma). The in vivo studies demonstrated that troglitazone ameliorated microalbuminuria. There have been few reports about direct effect of thiazolidinedione derivatives on mesangial cell function. We determined the effect of troglitazone on isolated rat ...
Girard Caroline - - 2003
Mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid hormones are metabolized as glucuronide conjugates. Using labeled [(14)C]uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid and microsomal preparations from human embryonic kidney 293 cells stably expressing the different human and monkey uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)2B enzymes, it is demonstrated that the two human allelic variants UGT2B7H((268)) and UGT2B7Y((268)) conjugate aldosterone, ...
Griffin Siân V - - 2003
The sequential activation of the cyclin-dependent kinases by their partner cyclins underlies the progression of the cell cycle from quiescence through growth to cell division. More recently a role for these proteins and their inhibitors has been appreciated in several diverse renal and non-renal cell processes, including proliferation, development, differentiation, ...
Masaki Takao - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In vitro studies suggest that activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway plays a critical role in the proliferation of tubular epithelial and myofibroblast-like cells. However, little is known of ERK activation in individual cell types in normal or diseased kidney. The aims of this study were to ...
Bell Phillip Darwin - - 2003
Macula densa cells are unique renal biosensor cells that detect changes in luminal NaCl concentration ([NaCl](L)) and transmit signals to the mesangial cellafferent arteriolar complex. They are the critical link between renal salt and water excretion and glomerular hemodynamics, thus playing a key role in regulation of body fluid volume. ...
Yang Zhi-Zhang - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Recent studies in our laboratory demonstrated that chronic hyperhomocysteinemia (hHcys) induced glomerular sclerosis. The mechanism mediating hHcys-induced glomerular damage remains unknown. The present study was designed to test a hypothesis that homocysteine (Hcys) increases the production by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) oxidase and thereby stimulates the formation of tissue ...
Köppel H - - 2003
The development of chronic renal insufficiency may be partially mediated by the nongenomic action of aldosterone. Here we investigate whether aldosterone could evoke a nongenomic action in primary cultures of human renal cells. Intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) and cAMP were measured in human mesangial cells (MC), glomerular visceral epithelial cells (GVEC), ...
Tsuboi Nobuo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis of glomerular mesangial cells is a common feature in several types of glomerular diseases. However, its pathophysiologic significance is not known. We recently identified gangliosides as a major growth-inhibitory substance in the conditioned medium of mesangial cells. In this report, we tested whether biologically distinct forms of cell ...
Pawluczyk Izabella Z A - - 2003
During screening of a murine macrophage cDNA repertoire for factors potentially able to modulate glomerular cell responses to injury, we identified a gene coding for the murine protein 24p3 lipocalin. Immunostaining of normal rat kidney sections showed positive 24p3-like staining in distal tubules/collecting ducts and small muscular arteries. Although most ...
Kirkpatrick D S - - 2003
Arsenic is a known human carcinogen that affects a variety of processes within the cell. In this study, the effects of environmentally relevant As(III) exposures on the ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway have been investigated. Low-level As(III) exposure (0.5 - 10 microM) causes an accumulation of high-molecular-weight ubiquitin protein conjugates in both ...
Hwang E F - - 2003
We previously cloned Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX1) from mesangial cells of salt-sensitive (SNCX = NCX1.7) and salt-resistant (RNCX = NCX1.3) Dahl/Rapp rats. The abilities of these isoforms to regulate cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) were assessed in fura 2-loaded OK cells expressing the vector (VOK), RNCX (ROK), and SNCX (SOK). Baseline [Ca(2+)](i) ...
Yo Yoshikage - - 2003
In order to develop a model in mouse similar to anti- Thy-1 nephritis in the rat, we prepared sheep antiserum against SV40-transformed mouse mesangial (MES 13) cells. In vivo, the anti-mouse mesangial cell serum-treated mice showed severe azotemia that peaked at day 6 and proteinuria that peaked at day 8, ...
Schepers Marieke S J - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIM: Retention of crystals in the kidney ultimately leads to renal stone formation. Hyaluronan (HA) has been identified as binding molecule for calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals. The association of high molecular mass (M(r)) HA with cell surface receptors such as CD44 gives rise to pericellular matrix (PCM) formation by many ...
Fujigaki Yoshihide - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Loss of polarization of proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) with detachment is known as an early response of PTEC to acute ischemia during acute tubular necrosis. However, the early morphologic changes of PTECs to chronic ischemic injury are not clear. We previously reported that rat renal microembolism induced chronic ...
Verhulst Anja - - 2003
Nephrolithiasis requires formation of crystals followed by their retention and accumulation in the kidney. Crystal retention can be caused by the association of crystals with the epithelial cells lining the renal tubules. The present study investigated the interaction between calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals and primary cultures of human proximal ...
Okoń Krzysztof - - 2003
Glomerulopathies (GLN) are at the focus of interest of nephropathologist. As the name implies, the glomeruli are most characteristically affected. Beside glomeruli, also tubules and interstitium are important participants in renal scarring. It is believed that its chief determinant is proteinuria. The presence of protein in the urine activates tubular ...
Wolf Gunter - - 2003
Glomerular diseases are a leading caused of kidney failure. The three resident glomerular cell types respond differently to injury, which includes proliferation, hypertrophy, apoptosis and de-differentiation. Each leads to glomerular scarring, and a decline in renal function. Studies have shown that these events are critically controlled by cell cycle regulatory ...
Devlin Alison M - - 2003
We recently identified a novel calcium-regulated gene, HCaRG, that is highly expressed in the kidney and maps to a chromosomal locus determining kidney weight in rats. The mRNA levels of HCaRG negatively correlate with the proliferative status of the kidney cells. To investigate its role in renal epithelial cellular growth ...
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