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Results 201 - 250 of 1127
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Imai Naohiko - - 2007
Bone morphogenic protein (BMP)-7 is expressed in the adult kidney and reverses chronic renal injury when given exogenously. Here, we report that a histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA), attenuates chronic renal injury, in part, by augmenting the expression of BMP-7 in kidney side population (SP) cells. We induced accelerated ...
Kida Yujiro - - 2007
The expression of the cytoglobin/stellate cell activation-associated protein (Cygb/STAP) was recently confirmed in all splanchnic vitamin A-storing cells--including hepatic stellate cells (HSCs)--in normal conditions. In the hepatic fibrous lesion, the expression of Cygb/STAP has been shown to be upregulated in activated HSCs and myofibroblasts (MFs), which have synthesized extracellular matrices. ...
Khera Tarnjit K - - 2007
Glucose stimulates proapoptotic signalling pathways in mesangial cells. Studies focused on inflammatory glomerular injury have demonstrated that removal of apoptotic mesangial cells occurs by neighbouring non-apoptotic mesangial cells. The aim of this study was to define the effect of ambient glucose concentration on mesangial handling of apoptotic cells, and in ...
ITO, Yumi
We compared the acute phase responses of mesangial cells and inflammatory cells in reversible and irreversible mesangial alterations. We used a reversible model that induced by a single injection of anti-Thy 1.1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) 1-22-3,and an irreversible model of glomerulonephritis induced by two consecutive injections of mAb 1-22-3 with ...
Matsushita Kenichi - - 2007
Renin is the first enzymatic step of the renin angiotensin cascade and plays an important role in cardiovascular homeostasis. Renin is mainly expressed in and released from specialized juxtaglomerular (JG) cells in kidney. JG cells develop hyperplasia in response to various chronic stimuli while maintaining the ability to express high ...
Fujinaka Hidehiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An increased number of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-positive cells (OX-6+ cells) were observed in the glomerulus and periglomerular interstitium during the course of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) in WKY rats. This study aimed to demonstrate that periglomerular OX-6+ cells are dendritic cells (DCs) and ...
Kurtz Lisa - - 2007
In the adult kidney, renin-producing cells are typically located in the walls of afferent arterioles at the transition into the glomerular capillary network. The mechanisms that are responsible for restricting renin expression to the juxtaglomerular position are largely unknown. This study showed that in mice that lack connexin 40 (Cx40), ...
Furlong Fiona - - 2007
High ambient glucose activates intracellular signaling pathways to induce the expression of extracellular matrix and cytokines such as connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). Cell responses to CTGF in already glucose-stressed cells may act to transform the mesangial cell phenotype leading to the development of glomerulosclerosis. We analyzed cell signaling downstream ...
Zhao Liena - - 2007
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play an important role in liver fibrogenesis. Morphologically similar cells have been found at extrahepatic sites such as pancreas, kidney and colon. The true phenotypic relationship between these cells has not been fully established. We carried out immunohistochemical staining in normal tissues from liver, kidney, colon, ...
Heller Florian - - 2007
Local B-cell infiltrates play a role in tissue fibrosis, neolymphangiogenesis, and renal allograft survival. We sought to characterize the B-cell infiltrates, factors involved in B-cell recruitment, and lymphangiogenesis in renal interstitial injury (ie, acute and chronic interstitial nephritis and chronic IgA nephropathy). CD20-positive B cells formed a prominent part of ...
Oda Takashi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Glomerular hypercellularity due to resident glomerular cell proliferation and leucocyte infiltration has been described in acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN). APSGN usually resolves without progression. However, the mechanism of resolution remains to be determined. METHODS: Renal biopsy tissues from 15 patients with APSGN (obtained 1-31 days after disease onset) and ...
Meyer zu Heringdorf D - - 2007
Sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1) catalyses the phosphorylation of sphingosine to sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), which acts on at least five specific G-protein-coupled receptors and also intracellularly. SphK1 has been implicated in cell proliferation, cancer growth, chemoresistance, immune cell functions and cell migration. In this issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology, Klawitter et ...
Ogawa Asa - - 2007
Our previous comprehensive analysis of the genes expressed in kidneys with anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis using DNA microarrays showed that SM22alpha was one of the highly expressed genes. SM22alpha is a 22-kDa cytoskeletal protein that is exclusively expressed in smooth muscle cells. We investigated the localization of SM22alpha at ...
Petermann Arndt - - 2007
A decrease in podocyte number contributes to the development of glomerulosclerosis in most forms of glomerular disease [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. Traditionally, it has been argued that this decrease may be caused by the inability of podocytes to proliferate and replace those lost following immune, metabolic, toxic or hemodynamic ...
OkoĊ„ Krzysztof - - 2007
In primary glomerulonephritis the degree of interstitial fibrosis governs the renal function. Mast cells participate in renal interstitial fibrosis, but its role remains poorly understood. Some of human mast cells contain chymase and chymase may participate in local angiotensin formation. Material consisted of 35 renal biopsies. The diagnoses included diabetic ...
Marshall Caroline B - - 2007
The glomerular visceral epithelial cell, or podocyte, is a highly specialized and terminally differentiated cell that is fundamental to the integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier and functions to prevent urinary protein leakage and to oppose intracapillary hydrostatic pressure. Common to many human kidney diseases and experimental animal models is ...
L'Azou B - - 2007
Cadmium represents a major environmental pollutant that may induce severe damage, especially in the kidney where cadmium accumulates. While cadmium is known to severely impair renal tubular functions, glomerular structures are also potential targets. Owing to their contractile properties, glomerular mesangial cells play a major role in the control of ...
Endo Tetsuya - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Various glomerular diseases progress to end-stage renal failure due to an accumulation of the mesangial matrix (MM) and a thickening of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). Both the MM and GBM are consistently metabolized through the synthesis and destruction of the matrix. Such synthesis is influenced by transforming growth ...
Smeets B - - 2006
Glomerular diseases are caused by multiple mechanisms. Progressive glomerular injury is characterized by the development of segmental or global glomerulosclerosis independent of the nature of the underlying renal disease. Most studies on glomerular disease focus on the constituents of the filtration barrier (podocytes, glomerular basement membrane (GBM), endothelial cells) or ...
Herrera Guillermo A - - 2006
In the last two decades, the ability of mesangial cells to respond to various stimuli or injurious agents by altering their phenotype and function has become recognized. The plasticity of these mesangial cells has been linked to the morphological and functional alterations responsible for the pathologic findings. Many of the ...
Chintapalli Janaki - - 2007
Hyperglycemia triggers an exponential increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) at the cellular level. Here, we demonstrate induction of the oxidant-resistant phenotype in mesangial cells by silencing the wild-type (WT) p66ShcA gene. Two approaches were employed to inhibit WTp66ShcA in SV40 murine mesangial cells and normal human mesangial cells: transient ...
Xie Jun - - 2006
Apoptosis antagonizing transcription factor (AATF) is a leucine zipper domain-containing protein that has antiapoptotic properties. AATF is expressed in several organs and tissues, including the kidney. AATF may participate in inhibition of proapoptotic pathways and/or activation of antiapoptotic pathways. Ischemia/reperfusion-induced renal injury (IRI) is clinically important because it typically damages ...
Mariggiò Stefania - - 2006
The phosphoinositides have well-defined roles in the control of cellular functions, including cytoskeleton dynamics, membrane trafficking, and cell signaling. However, the interplay among the phosphoinositides and their diffusible derivatives that originate through phospholipase A2 action (the lysophosphoinositides and glycerophosphoinositols) remains to be fully elucidated. Here we demonstrate that in PCCl3 ...
Tandon R - - 2007
In addition to forming the selective filtration barrier for the renal glomerulus, podocytes maintain glomerular capillary architecture by opposing distending hemodynamic forces. To understand the relationship of cytoskeletal properties and the mechanical characteristics of podocytes, we studied filamin expression and distribution and measured cell membrane deformability in conditionally immortalized wild-type ...
Martin J - - 2006
Mesangial re-modeling and mesangial cell (MC) migration are features of several glomerular diseases including mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis. In vitro investigations have recently identified ADAM-15, a multidomain adamalysin, as central to the migration of MC. The current study used array technology to investigate the expression of other genes in migrating cells and ...
Gill Pritmohinder S - - 2006
NADPH oxidases have a distinct cellular localization in the kidney. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in the kidney by fibroblasts, endothelial cells (EC), vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), mesangial cells (MCs), tubular cells, and podocyte cells. All components of the phagocytic NADPH oxidase, as well as the Nox-1 and ...
Folco Giancarlo - - 2006
The biosynthesis of the biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid involves a number of enzymes that are differentially expressed in cells. Prostaglandins and thromboxanes are derived from the chemically unstable prostaglandin (PG) H(2) intermediate synthesized by PGH synthases (cyclooxygenase-1/2) and leukotrienes from chemically unstable leukotriene A(4) by 5-lipoxygenase. Additional enzymes ...
Wang Jian-yun - - 2006
AIM: To observe the effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb) on the hypertrophy of mesangial cells and the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in mesangial cells. METHODS: Cultured mesangial cells were allotted into 7 groups: normal group, solvent control group, high glucose group, low dose of EGb group, moderate dose ...
Te Loo D Maroeska - - 2006
Acute renal failure hallmarks the pathogenesis of the epidemic form of hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+HUS), which is caused by E. coli strains that produce Shiga-like toxin (Stx). In this study, we investigated the influence of Stx-1 on nitric oxide (NO) production by human glomerular microvascular endothelial cells (GMVEC) and human ...
Dijkman H B P M - - 2006
Collapsing focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (cFSGS) is characterized by hyperplasia of glomerular epithelial cells. In a mouse model of FSGS and in a patient with recurrent idiopathic FSGS, we identified the proliferating cells as parietal epithelial cells (PECs). In the present study, we have evaluated the origin of the proliferating cells ...
Jiang Yan - - 2006
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is accumulated in the diabetic kidney and is considered to be involved in the development of glomerular sclerosis. Here, we investigate IGF-1 regulation of laminin, an extracellular matrix (ECM) component, and cyclin D1 and p21Cip1, cell-cycle progression factor, expressions in glomerular mesangial cells. We show that ...
Plotkin Matthew D - - 2006
Mesenchymal cells have been isolated from embryos and multiple adult organs where they may differentiate into various connective tissue cell types and provide paracrine support for surrounding cells. With the use of a technique for culturing multipotent mesenchymal cells from adult tissues, a fibroblast-like cell clone (4E) was isolated from ...
Duan Weigang - - 2006
Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors were regarded as anticarcinogenic agents for lung cancer at least partly via PGE2; but these were based on cytokin stimulation experiment on A549 cell. In order to clarify whether COX inhibitors directly inhibit A549 cell, three COX inhibitors, NS398 (selective COX-2 inhibitor), SC560 (selective COX-1 inhibitor), and ...
Tahara Atsuo - - 2006
Mesangial cells are centrally-located glomerular pericytes with contractile, endocrine, and immunity-regulating functions. These cells are thought to maintain normal glomerular function, since mesangial cell proliferation and extracellular matrix formation are hallmarks of chronic glomerular disease. Vasopressin causes mesangial cell contraction, proliferation and hypertrophy. Consequently, the effects of YM218, a potent, ...
Tei Norihide - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has a protective role against crystal-cell interaction and crystal deposits in a stone-forming rat model kidney. Crystal-cell interaction is an important step during the early stages of stone formation. High oxalate levels induce cell injuries and increase adhesion of calcium oxalate monohydrate ...
Wijewickrama Gihani T - - 2006
The mechanisms by which secretory phospholipase A2 (PLA2) exerts cellular effects are not fully understood. To elucidate these mechanisms, we systematically and quantitatively assessed the activities of human group IIA, V, and X PLA2s on originating and neighboring cells using orthogonal fluorogenic substrates in various mixed cell systems. When HEK293 ...
Shimony N - - 2006
Cell and gene therapy may alter the outcome of renal diseases, such as hereditary nephropathies, acute and chronic glomerulonephritis and allograft nephropathy. However, owing to blockade of many viral and cellular vehicles by the complex glomerular architecture, the exact nature of gene and cell delivery into specific renal compartments remains ...
Russo Leileata M - - 2006
Vasopressin increases urine concentration by stimulating plasma membrane accumulation of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) in collecting duct principal cells, allowing bulk water flow across the collecting duct from lumen to interstitium down an osmotic gradient. Mutations in the vasopressin type 2 receptor (V2R) cause hereditary X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), a disease ...
Al-Awqati Qais - - 2006
Stem cells are characterized by low cycle time, which has allowed us to identify such cells in the mature kidney. These putative stem cells are located mostly outside the renal tubule and are concentrated in the papilla of the kidney potentially under the urinary epithelium of the papilla. Clonal analysis ...
Smith Peter L - - 2006
Kidney tubules are an essential component of an organism's blood clearance mechanism, recovering essential metabolites from glomerular filtration by active transport. Tubules are subject to injury, usually as the result of ischemia-reperfusion events that damage the polarized tubular cell layer that coats the tubule basement membrane, causing dysfunction and necrosis ...
Sutters Michael - - 2006
In individuals with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), renal function deteriorates as the kidneys become replaced by multitudes of fluid-filled cysts. Although the PKD genes were identified a decade ago, the pathway(s) leading from mutation to disease remain the subject of intense investigation. As a result of this work, ...
Liang Li - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Deposition of crystals within tubular lumens is a feature of many kidney stone diseases, including crystals of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) in primary hyperoxaluria and of 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA) in adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency. Crystals are injurious to renal epithelial cells, but the molecular bases of cell injury have not been ...
Drímal J - - 2006
The proliferative peptide adrenomedullin (AM) has a wide distribution in a variety of tissues and cells. The mechanism how the AM gene is regulated in cells is not yet known. The renal cortex, renal vascular smooth muscles, glomeruli and tubular epithelial cells are very sensitive to hypoxia. Renal hypoxia produces ...
Fischer Evelyne - - 2006
Morphogenesis involves coordinated proliferation, differentiation and spatial distribution of cells. We show that lengthening of renal tubules is associated with mitotic orientation of cells along the tubule axis, demonstrating intrinsic planar cell polarization, and we demonstrate that mitotic orientations are significantly distorted in rodent polycystic kidney models. These results suggest ...
Nagahama Daisuke - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Among dysmorphic urinary erythrocytes (D cells), G1 cells or doughnut-shaped erythrocytes with one or more blebs are considered to be reliable markers for glomerular diseases. However, although there are many D cells with cytoplasmic color loss and without blebs in the urinary sediment, the significance of these cells is ...
Hara-Chikuma Mariko - - 2006
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) is the principal water-transporting protein in cell plasma membranes in kidney proximal tubule, where it facilitates transepithelial water transport. Here, a novel role for AQP1 in kidney involving the migration of proximal tubule cells is reported. Migration was compared in primary cultures of proximal tubule cells from wild-type ...
Morales Ana I - - 2006
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic that is very effective in treating different gram negative infections, however, one of its main side effects is nephrotoxicity. Gentamicin-induced decreases in glomerular filtration rate could be mediated by mesangial cell contraction. Resveratrol, a natural hydroxystilbene, has been identified to be a potent antioxidant with ...
Okada Yuichi - - 2006
Acid extrusion responses to prostaglandin E2 were investigated in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells heterologously expressing human EP1, EP2, and EP3I receptors (hEP1, hEP2 and hEP3I) by using a microphysiometer that detected small pH changes in the extracellular microenvironment. In the cells expressing hEP1, which is known to increase intracellular ...
Kitamura Shinji - - 2005
Kidney is thought to be a regenerative organ in terms of repair from acute tubular injury. It is unknown whether cell population contributes to repair disordered kidney. We attempted to identify and isolate highly proliferative cells from a single cell. We dissected a single nephron from adult rat kidney. Isolated ...
Verkoelen C F - - 2005
Oxalate or calcium oxalate crystal-induced tissue damage could be conducive to renal stone disease. We studied the response of renal proximal (LLC-PK1 and MDCK-II) and collecting (RCCD1 and MDCK-I) tubule cell lines to oxalate ions as well as to calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals. Cells grown on tissue culture plastic ...
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