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Strutz Frank - - 2009
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) is a pleiotropic cytokine which exerts its effects via four different high affinity receptors (FGFR-1 to -4) which function as protein tyrosine kinases. In the kidney, FGF-2 is expressed in epithelial cells already during fetal development. During later stages, expression of the cytokine can be ...
Qian Qian - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glomerular hypertrophy is a feature of many glomerular diseases and is associated with the development of renal failure. We previously demonstrated that the cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, NS398, reduced glomerular size after uninephrectomy. Thus, we hypothesized that prostaglandin (PG) E(2) would cause mesangial cell hypertrophy in vitro. METHODS: We used ...
Charmi A - - 2009
In this study, structure, size and distribution of nephron cells on kidney in Huso huso were investigated. The head, body and caudal part of kidney in juvenile Huso huso were sampled: The kidney of Huso huso consisted of glomerulus, proximal, distal and collecting tubule cells. The average area in 1- ...
Nameta Masaaki - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mesangial cells bear the tensional forces generated in the glomerular capillary wall. Not only mesangial cells per se, but also their intercellular junctions should be physically stable against the tensional forces; this prompted the search for actin filament-reinforced adherens junctions of mesangial cells. We previously reported alpha- and beta-catenins ...
Razga Zsolt - - 2009
The present study was performed to obtain information about a possible correlation between the activity of the renin-angiotensin system and the stereological features of the macula densa (MD). In normal kidneys, the numbers of angiotensin II AT1 receptors were estimated in MD cells and in the neighboring tubular cells. The ...
Jia Huijie - - 2009
Increased mesangial cell proliferation is one of the major pathologic features in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Carnosine is an endogenously synthesized dipeptide that has been reported as a protective factor in diabetic nephropathy. However, the underlying mechanism involved in this effect remains to be elucidated. In this ...
Kurtz Lisa - - 2009
Absence of connexin 40 (Cx40) leads to ectopic juxtaglomerular renin expression and abrogates recruitment of renin-expressing cells in the adult kidney but does not disturb renin expression during kidney development. To find an explanation for these observations, we aimed to analyze the expression pattern of major vascular Cxs in normal ...
Sandee Duanpen - - 2009
In this paper we investigated the possible involvement of prostaglandin E synthases (PGESs) in compensatory mechanism. Our findings showed that microsomal (m)PGES-1 expression was significantly up-regulated in COX knock-out (K/O) cells whereas the expression of cytosolic PGES was not changed indicating that the induction of mPGES-1 may, at least in ...
Hofmann Lotte P - - 2008
Abstract Sphingosine kinases (SKs) are key enzymes regulating the production of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), which determines important cell responses including cell growth and death. Here we show that renal mesangial cells isolated from wild-type, SK-1(-/-), and SK-2(-/-) mice show a differential response to apoptotic stimuli. Wild-type mesangial cells responded to staurosporine ...
Dartsch Peter C - - 2008
Asparagus-P is a traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of a combination of dried and pulverized asparagus roots and parsley leaves in equal parts. It is commonly used to support aquaretic kidney function, i.e. the increased excretion of water from the kidneys without affecting electrolyte balance. The mechanisms of this aquaretic ...
Thongboonkerd Visith - - 2008
Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) is the major crystalline component found in kidney stones and its adhesion to renal tubular cells provokes tubular injury, which in turn enhances COM crystal adhesion. However, COM-induced toxic effects in these tubular cells remain largely unknown. We performed a proteomics study to characterize changes in ...
Yokoo Takashi - - 2008
Several cell types isolated from adult tissues have been reported to differentiate into mature kidney cells that may participate in renal repair after systemic administration. Chen et al. report that local mesenchymal stem cells derived from adult mouse kidneys are another source of cells with similar properties. Although these cells ...
Tomoda Chisato - - 2008
Indomethacin, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), has been reported to inhibit the growth of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) cells in vitro. However, the mechanism of inhibition of MTC cell growth by indomethacin and its potency have yet to be revealed. We examined the effect of indomethacin on three different MTC ...
Clarke Jonathan H - - 2008
PIP4Ks (type II phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate kinases) are phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate (PtdIns5P) 4-kinases, believed primarily to regulate cellular PtdIns5P levels. In this study, we investigated the expression, localization, and associated biological activity of the least-studied PIP4K isoform, PIP4Kgamma. Quantitative RT-PCR and in situ hybridization revealed that compared with PIP4Kalpha and PIP4Kbeta, PIP4Kgamma ...
Wallace Darren P - - 2008
Progressive renal enlargement due to the growth of innumerable fluid-filled cysts is a central pathophysiological feature of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). These epithelial neoplasms enlarge slowly and damage noncystic parenchyma by mechanisms that have not been clearly defined. In a microarray analysis of cultured human ADPKD cyst epithelial ...
Miyamoto Yohei - - 2008
(-)-Epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate (EGCG), a major catechin in green tea, suppresses renal failure in animals, and inhibits the growth of mesangial cells and opossum kidney proximal tubular cells. In addition, gallic acid, a structural constituent of this catechin, induces apoptosis in tumor cell lines. However, the effects of catechins on renal ...
Wei Chi-Chen - - 2008
Interleukin (IL)-10 is an anti-inflammatory factor that suppresses renal fibrosis and improves renal function in CKD rats. IL-20 belongs to the IL-10 family; therefore, we sought to determine whether IL-20 is involved in CKD. CKD patients at stage five expressed significantly higher IL-20 in serum than controls. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated ...
Ohse Takamoto - - 2008
Parietal epithelial cells (PEC) are major constituents of crescents in crescentic glomerulonephritis. The purpose of these studies was to establish an immortalized PEC cell line with similar characteristics to PEC in vivo for use in future mechanistic studies. Glomeruli were isolated from H-2Kb tsA58 transgenic mice (ImmortoMouse) by standard differential ...
Park Frank - - 2008
Polycystic kidney diseases are characterized by abnormal proliferation of renal epithelial cells. In this study, the role of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), an endogenous cytochrome P450 metabolite of arachidonic acid with mitogenic properties, was evaluated in cystic renal disease. Daily administration of HET-0016, an inhibitor of 20-HETE synthesis, significantly reduced kidney ...
Cohen Robert A - - 2008
We discuss a 53-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus who presented with vasculitis, hypocomplementemia and nephritis. Although her serum complement 4 (C4) levels were zero, she had four copies of C4 gene. Renal biopsy revealed membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and the presence of cryoglobulins, detected by electron microscopy, and significant numbers of ...
Arakawa Tetsuji - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 plays an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation. However, the mechanism of STAT3 activation in human glomerulonephritis is unclear. METHODS: STAT3 activation was determined using immunohistochemistry for phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) in normal human kidney and various types of glomerulonephritis. ...
Escobar Carla - - 2008
Kidney stone formation is associated with the deposition of hydroxyapatite as subepithelial plaques or tubular deposits in the renal papillae. We investigated the effect of renal epithelial exposure to hydroxyapatite crystals in vitro to develop an insight into the pathogenesis of kidney stones. NRK52E cells (No. CRL-1571, ATCC) were exposed ...
Achenbach Johannes - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The detection of viable podocytes in the urine of patients with proteinuric diseases has been described as a non-invasive method to monitor disease activity. Most of the published studies use podocalyxin (PDX) as a podocyte specific marker. METHODS: We examined the excretion of viable PDX-positive cells in a random ...
Nishi Hiroshi - - 2008
Hemoglobin (Hb) serves as the main oxygen transporter in erythrocytes, but it is also expressed in nonhematopoietic organs, where it serves an unknown function. In this study, microarray and proteomic analyses demonstrated Hb expression in the kidney. Rat kidneys were perfused extensively with saline, and glomeruli were isolated by several ...
Langworthy, Melissa Marie
Recovery from acute kidney injury (AKI) requires renal tubule cell regeneration. The population of cells that repair the damaged proximal tubule epithelial cells (PTC) has been proposed to be derived from an external population circulating in the blood stream, an adjacent less-injured renal cell population, or a resident self-renewing PTC ...
Pedraza Claudio E - - 2008
Cell culture methods and models are key investigative tools for cell and molecular biology studies. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is commonly used as an additive during cell culture since its constituents promote cell survival, proliferation and differentiation. Here we report that commercially available FBS from different major suppliers consistently contain ...
Jacqueline Fresnel
<i>Polypodochrysis teisseri</i><br>Benthic species, cells in lorica with 1-8 tubular expansions.
Han Yingjie - - 2008
AIM: A number of growth factors have been shown to induce proliferation of renal cell types in animal models of kidney disease. In vitro studies suggest that many such growth factors induce renal cell proliferation through the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. The aim of this study was to determine ...
Inowa Toshihiko - - 2008
The existence of adult stem-like cells such as side population (SP) cells is reported in various kinds of animal tissues, and we recently reported that mice kidney SP cells differentiate into multilineage. However, there has thus far been no report about human kidney SP cells. In the present study, we ...
Thorner Paul S - - 2008
The cellular composition of crescents in glomerular disease is controversial. The role of podocytes in crescent formation has been especially difficult to study because podocytes typically lose their characteristic terminally differentiated phenotype under disease conditions, making them difficult to identify. We reasoned that the intermediate filament protein nestin, a marker ...
Lehtonen Sanna - - 2008
CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is an adapter protein that is involved in various signaling and vesicular trafficking processes and also functions as a linker between plasma membrane proteins and the actin cytoskeleton. The protein is known to have important functions in T cells and glomerular podocytes, but it is also expressed ...
Matsuo Mitsunori - - 2008
We have previously reported that heparan sulfate (HS) / heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG, syndecan-1) expression significantly increased in the rat kidney during calcium oxalate (CaOx) nephrolithiasis. Although the exact mechanism of the increased syndecan expression still remains unclear, HS/syndecan is thought to have some important roles in CaOx crystal formation. ...
L'azou Béatrice - - 2008
The ability of nanoparticles to cross the lung-blood barrier suggests that they may translocate to blood and to targets distant from their portal of entry. Nevertheless, nanotoxicity in organs has received little attention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate nanotoxicity in renal cells using in vitro models. Various ...
Moreno Juan Antonio - - 2008
Recent advances have identified the podocyte as a key target in glomerular injury. The podocyte is a highly specialized cell which is responsible for the glomerular permselectivity for proteins in the kidney. Podocyte injury or loss leads to proteinuria. Apoptosis has been shown to contribute to renal cell loss, including ...
Sanz Ana Belen - - 2008
TWEAK is a recently identified cytokine of the TNF superfamiliy. Through activation of the Fn14 receptor, TWEAK regulates cell proliferation, cell death and inflammation. Recent studies show increased TWEAK and Fn14 expression in tubular cells during acute kidney injury as well as elevated urinary TWEAK levels in patients with active ...
Anglani Franca - - 2008
The adult mammalian renal tubular epithelium exists in a relatively quiescent to slowly replicating state, but has great potential for regenerative morphogenesis following severe ischemic or toxic injury. Kidney regeneration and repair occur through three cellular and molecular mechanisms: differentiation of the somatic stem cells, recruitment of circulating stem cells ...
Godkin James D - - 2008
Prostaglandins (PG), produced by the uterine endometrium, are key regulators of several reproductive events, including estrous cyclicity, implantation, pregnancy maintenance and parturition. Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyzes the release of arachidonic acid from membrane phospholipids, the rate-limiting step in PG biosynthesis. The bovine endometrial (BEND) cell line has served as a ...
Pawluczyk Izabella Z A IZ John Walls Renal Unit, Leicester General Hospital, and Department of Infection, Immunity, and Inflammation, University of Leicester, UK. - - 2008
Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is a multifunctional endocytic receptor implicated in the modulation of a number of cellular processes, including the turnover of proteases and the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins. As such, it can play a key role in the control of fibrosis. The aim of this ...
Aydin Sonia - - 2008
In the renal cortex the peritubular capillary network and the proximal tubular epithelium cooperate in solute and water reabsorption, secretion, and inflammation. However, the mechanisms by which these two cell types coordinate such diverse functions remain to be characterized. Here we investigated the influence of microvascular endothelial cells on proximal ...
Watanabe, Tsuyoshi
Thesis--University of Tsukuba, D.M.S.(A), no. 672, 1989. 3. 25
Pentz Ellen Steward ES Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2008
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) regulates blood pressure and fluid-electrolyte homeostasis. A key step in the RAS cascade is the regulation of renin synthesis and release by the kidney. We and others have shown that a major mechanism to control renin availability is the regulation of the number of cells capable ...
Poulsen Raewyn C - - 2008
Inflammation triggers an increase in osteoclast (bone resorbing cell) number and activity. Osteoclastogenesis is largely controlled by a triad of proteins consisting of a receptor (RANK), a ligand (RANK-L) and a decoy receptor (osteoprotegerin, OPG). Whilst RANK is expressed by osteoclasts, RANK-L and OPG are expressed by osteoblasts. The long ...
Kobayashi Isao - - 2008
We previously showed that side population (SP) cells, characterized by specific Hoechst dye efflux pattern in flow cytometric analysis, were present in teleost kidney hematopoietic tissue, and that kidney SP cells were enriched in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). ABCG2/Abcg2 is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that is known to be ...
Martin L - - 2007
This retrospective study was conducted to examine whether the presence of Foxp3+ cells in biopsies of kidney transplants displaying early acute rejection (AR) predicted the outcome of the episode. Seventeen biopsies showing AR included in this study were obtained at 42 +/- 30 days after transplantation. Lesions were graded according ...
Stolfi Carmine - - 2008
The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) pathway may have a pathogenic role in colorectal cancer (CRC). Recent studies suggest that 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) reduces the risk of inflammatory bowel disease-related CRC, but the mechanism by which 5-ASA interferes with CRC cell growth remains unknown. In this study, we have examined whether ...
Singh Lalit P - - 2007
We have previously shown that one of the potential mediators of the deleterious effects of high glucose on extracellular matrix protein (ECM) expression in renal mesangial cells is its metabolic flux through the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP). Here, we investigate further whether the hexosamines induce oxidative stress, cell-cycle arrest and ...
Perry Julie - - 2007
The intermediate protein nestin is expressed in proliferating embryonic tissues and adult tissues undergoing repair. Recently this protein been identified in rodent podocytes. Its role in this cell is unknown, since podocytes are believed to be terminally differentiated and nondividing. We report the first study of nestin in human kidney. ...
Inagaki Miho - - 2007
A common approach to construct a bioartificial renal tubule system is to utilize renal tubular cells seeded in porous polymer membrane hollow fibers. We have reported that overgrowth of renal tubular cells was not beneficial for the transport and reabsorption functions of bioartificial tubules. Therefore, long-term maintenance of a confluent ...
Hontela Alice - - 2008
The teleost head kidneys contain corticosteroidogenic cells, chromaffin cells, lymphoid cells, and melanomacrophages. We have developed and validated a method using a Percoll density gradient and differential staining for 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) to prepare fractions enriched with specific head kidney cell types. The proportion of steroidogenic cells to other cells ...
Königs Maika - - 2007
At the level of the whole animal, the toxic effects of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) range from causing diarrhoea, vomiting, gastro-intestinal inflammation to necrosis of several tissues. It also affects the immune system and leads to kidney lesions. Although DON has been tested in different human and animal cell lines ...
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