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Borneman Darand L DL Department of Food Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1605 Linden Drive, Madison - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine if a correlation exists between standard plate count (SPC) and somatic cell count (SCC) monthly reported results for Wisconsin dairy producers. Such a correlation may indicate that Wisconsin producers effectively controlling sanitation and milk temperature (reflected in low SPC) also have implemented ...
Wang Tao - - 2013
Effects of the individual variation among dairy cows on the cis-9, trans-11 CLA synthesis are still not well characterized. Therefore, the protein expression profiles of isolated milk epithelial cells (MECs) were detected by 2-DE and their correlation with the various proportion of cis-9, trans-11 CLA were evaluated. Although animals were ...
Kawai Kazuhiro - - 2013
Somatic cell counts (SCC) measurements are typically performed using quantitative methods, such as the Breed method (Breed) and the Fossomatic method (FSCC). The DeLaval cell counter (DCC) developed recently is a quantitative somatic cell counter with a low initial cost and superior portability. However, since the DCC was specifically developed ...
Tanaka H - - 2013
The main objective of the present study is to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the delay in progression of nuclear maturation in oocytes derived from cows with damaged livers (DL cows), which was previously reported. In present study, delayed progression of nuclear maturation of oocytes derived from DL cows relative ...
Nagy P - - 2013
The objectives of the present study were to monitor the microbiological quality and somatic cell count (SCC) of bulk tank milk at the world's first large-scale camel dairy farm for a 2-yr period, to compare the results of 2 methods for the enumeration of SCC, to evaluate correlation among milk ...
Kawai Kazuhiro - - 2013
Lingual antimicrobial peptide (LAP) belongs to the ß-defensin family in cattle and is found in milk. LAP concentrations increase in milk from mastitic udders; however, the relationship between LAP concentrations and the somatic cell count (SCC) in milk remains to be elucidated in detail. Therefore, the present study was undertaken ...
Akagi Satoshi - - 2013
Bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos can develop to the blastocyst stage at a rate similar to that of embryos produced by in vitro fertilization. However, the full-term developmental rate of SCNT embryos is very low, owing to the high embryonic and fetal losses after embryo transfer. In addition, ...
Pilla R - - 2013
Changes in relative cell proportions occurring in diseased mammary glands of dairy cows can be determined using differential cell count (DCC). The present study was carried out in 2 consecutive trials, with 2 goals: (a) to test the consistency of DCC results on subsequent days, and (b) to establish an ...
Sundekilde U K - - 2012
Somatic cell count (SCC) is associated with changes in milk composition, including changes in proteins, lipids, and milk metabolites. Somatic cell count is normally used as an indicator of mastitis infection. The compositional changes in protein and fat affect milk coagulation properties, and also the metabolite composition is thought to ...
Frola Ignacio D - - 2012
The effect of intramammary inoculation of Lactobacillus perolens CRL 1724 on bovine udders at drying off was evaluated through histological examination of the canal and cistern tissues. The persistence of the strain in the udder 7 d post inoculation was also determined. Lb. perolens CRL 1724 was recovered from all mammary ...
Shimizu Kazuya - - 2012
The mlr gene cluster consisting of mlrA, mlrB, mlrC, and mlrD is involved in the degradation of the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin. However, it is unclear which degradation intermediates are metabolized by MlrB and MlrC. To address these questions, we constructed recombinant Escherichia coli to overproduce MlrB and MlrC from Sphingopyxis ...
Relaix Frederic - - 2012
Following their discovery in 1961, it was speculated that satellite cells were dormant myoblasts, held in reserve until required for skeletal muscle repair. Evidence for this accumulated over the years, until the link between satellite cells and the myoblasts that appear during muscle regeneration was finally established. Subsequently, it was ...
Pandya Hetal - - 2012
A number of anti-cancer drugs have their targets localized to particular intracellular compartments. These drugs reach the targets mainly through diffusion, dependent on biophysical and biochemical forces that allow cell penetration. This means that both cancer cells and normal cells will be subjected to such diffusion; hence many of these ...
Itoi Shiro - - 2012
In order to understand the sexual differences in TTX-usage in the pufferfish, Takifugu niphobles, localization of TTX and toxin amount in tissues of mature male and female specimens were investigated by immunohistochemical methods using anti-TTX antibody and LC/MS analysis. Subsequently, differences in the immunohistochemical signals were compared with the amount ...
Kuadkitkan Atichat - - 2012
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produces insecticidal toxins active against insects. Cry4B, one of the major insecticidal toxins produced by Bt subsp. israelensis, is highly toxic to mosquitoes in the genus Aedes: the major vectors of dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya. Previous work has shown that Cry4B binds to several mid-gut membrane ...
Syed H Claudia - - 2012
A previous study conducted in our laboratory demonstrated that cells having internalized Escherichia coli STb toxin display apoptotic-like morphology. We therefore investigated if STb could induce programmed cell death in both a human and an animal intestinal epithelial cell lines. HRT-18 (Human Colon Tumour) and IEC-18 (Rat Ileum Epithelial Cells) ...
Korsnes Mónica Suárez - - 2012
This work proposes to use the marine algal toxin yessotoxin (YTX) to establish reference model experiments to explore medically valuable effects from induction of multiple cell death pathways. YTX is one of few toxins reported to make such induction. It is a small molecule compound which at low concentrations can ...
Tsukamoto Kentaro - - 2012
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) inhibit neurotransmitter release at peripheral nerve terminals. They are serologically classified from A to G, with C/D and D/C mosaic neurotoxins forming further subtypes of serotypes C and D. Cultured primary neurons as well as neuronal cell lines such as PC12 and Neuro-2a are often utilized in ...
Taskiran Ekim Z - - 2012
MEFV which encodes pyrin, cause familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), the most common auto-inflammatory disease. Pyrin is believed to be a regulator of inflammation, though the nature of this regulatory activity remains to be identified. Prophylactic treatment with colchicine, a microtubule toxin, has had a remarkable effect on disease progression and ...
Fennessey Christine M - - 2012
Recent studies demonstrated that a variety of bacterial pore-forming toxins induce cell death through a process of programmed necrosis characterized by the rapid depletion of cellular ATP. However, events leading to the necrosis and depletion of ATP are not thoroughly understood. We demonstrate that ATP-depletion induced by two pore-forming toxins, ...
Kamata Yoichi - - 2012
We herein examined the sensitivity of Hep G2 human hepatoma cells to Bacillus cereus emetic toxin. Hep G2 cells were treated with the emetic toxin, and the cell shape was observed. The same experiments were performed for comparison purposes, using HEp-2 cells, which are currently used by most laboratories for ...
Luerang Wachiraporn - - 2012
AIMS: Previous investigation showed that polyphenols abundantly found in many plants could inhibit Cl(-) secretion. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of phenol containing xanthone derivatives on cAMP-activated intestinal Cl(-) secretion and evaluate potential benefits of these compounds in the treatment of cholera. MAIN METHODS: Four hydroxy ...
Yamaguchi Masahiko - - 2012
Satellite cells, muscle-specific stem cells, are anatomically identified as the mononuclear cells residing external to the myofiber plasma membrane and beneath the basal lamina. Skeletal muscle has great regenerative potential, and the regeneration process depends absolutely on satellite cells. In uninjured muscle, satellite cells are maintained in a quiescent state, ...
Weidner Maria - - 2012
The mycotoxin T-2 toxin, produced by various Fusarium species, is a widespread contaminant of grain and grain products. Knowledge about its toxicity and metabolism in the human body is crucial for any risk assessment as T-2 toxin can be detected in processed and unprocessed food samples. Cell culture studies using ...
Song Ju Kyoung - - 2012
Snake venom toxin from Vipera lebetina turanica induces apoptosis in many cancer cell lines, but there is no study about the apoptotic effect of snake venom toxin on human ovarian cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the apoptotic effect of snake venom toxin in human ovarian cancer PA-1 and ...
Sérandour Anne-Laure - - 2012
Human poisoning due to consumption of seafood contaminated with phycotoxins is a worldwide problem, and routine monitoring programs have been implemented in various countries to protect human consumers. Following successive episodes of unexplained shellfish toxicity since 2005 in the Arcachon Bay on the French Atlantic coast, a national research program ...
Marshall Sean D G - - 2012
Yersinia entomophaga MH96, which was originally isolated from the New Zealand grass grub, Costelytra zealandica, produces an orally active proteinaceous toxin complex (Yen-Tc), and this toxin is responsible for mortality in a range of insect species, mainly within the Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. The genes encoding Yen-Tc are members of the ...
Wen Yefei - - 2012
Notch signaling is a conserved cell fate regulator during development and postnatal tissue regeneration. Using skeletal muscle satellite cells as a model and through myogenic cell lineage-specific NICD(OE) (overexpression of constitutively activated Notch 1 intracellular domain), here we investigate how Notch signaling regulates the cell fate choice of muscle stem ...
Ahn Hyun Chan - - 2012
Anthrax toxin is produced by Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax, and is responsible for the majority of disease symptoms. The toxin consists of 3 proteins, protective antigen (PA), lethal factor (LF), and edema factor (EF), which combine to form lethal and edema toxin. Glycosaminoglycans, which are present on ...
Thakur Mayank - - 2012
This work describes the application of an impedance-based measurement for the real time evaluation of targeted tumor therapies in cell culture (HeLa cells). We used a treatment procedure that is well established in cells and mice. Therein, tumor cells are treated with a combination of an epidermal growth factor-based targeted ...
Ma Min - - 2012
Although the release of intracellular toxins after chlorination has been reported, the relation between cell lysis and the release and degradation of toxins during chlorination has not been well illustrated. This study used Microcystis aeruginosa to investigate the release and degradation behaviors of toxins after its exposure to chlorine at ...
Barreteau Hélène - - 2012
For a long time, colicin M was known for killing susceptible Escherichia coli cells by interfering with cell wall peptidoglycan biosynthesis, but its precise mode of action was only recently elucidated: this bacterial toxin was demonstrated to be an enzyme that catalyzes the specific degradation of peptidoglycan lipid intermediate II, ...
Bouaziz Chayma - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate in vitro, whether cytolethality and oxidative damage is enhanced by combination of both mycotoxins as compared to their individual effect. In our paper, we applied a tiered in vitro experimental approach in order to predict the possible health risk effects of ...
Shigematsu Megumi - - 2012
Zymocin and PaT are killer toxins that induce cell cycle arrest of sensitive yeast cells in G1 and S phase, respectively. Recent studies have revealed that these two toxins cleave specific tRNAs, indicating that the cell growth impairment is due to the tRNA cleavage. Additionally, we have previously shown that ...
Kaiser Eva - - 2012
The binary Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin consists of the binding/translocation component C2IIa and the separate enzyme component C2I. C2IIa delivers C2I into the cytosol of eukaryotic target cells where C2I ADP-ribosylates actin. After receptor-mediated endocytosis of the C2IIa/C2I complex, C2IIa forms pores in membranes of acidified early endosomes and unfolded ...
Pan T H - - 2012
An early determination of toxicant compounds of water contaminations can gain critical time to protect citizens' health and save substantial amounts of medical costs. To determine toxins in real time, a multi-dose classification algorithm using cellular state variable identification (CSVID) is developed in this paper. First, the dynamic cytotoxicity response ...
Talukder Kaisar Ali - - 2012
In this report, we studied the role of DNA damage signaling pathway in shiga toxin (STX)-induced mammalian cell death. Shiga toxin 1 exhibited cytotoxic activity in different mammalian cells such as HeLa cells, mouse embryo fibroblasts, and Caco-2 cells (a human intestinal primary fibroblast cell line). STX-1 was found to ...
Quijano-Scheggia Sonia - - 2012
Gymnodinium bloom events are of concern, since they produce toxins, which have unfavorable consequences to marine ecosystems, human health and the economy. This report describes the physico-chemical conditions that were present during the algal bloom event on May 2010 in Bahía Manzanillo and Bahía Santiago, Colima, Mexico. For this, seawater ...
Nakajima T - - 2012
We aimed to clarify if Campylobacter lari exerts a cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) effect on HeLa cells. Campylobacter cell lysates (CCLys) from C. jejuni 81-176 and urease-positive thermophilic Campylobacter (UPTC) CF89-12 and UPTC NCTC12893 isolates were shown to exert a CDT effect on HeLa cells with morphological changes examined by ...
Boquet Patrice - - 2012
VacA toxin from the cancer-inducing bacterium Helicobacter pylori is currently classified as a pore-forming toxin but is also considered a multifunctional toxin, apparently causing many pleiotropic cell effects. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that VacA could be the prototype of a new class of monofunctional A-B toxins in ...
Rubiolo J A - - 2012
AIMS: To determine the relative toxicity and effects on the cell cycle of okadaic acid and dinophysistoxin-2 in primary hepatocyte cultures. MAIN METHODS: Cytotoxicity was determined by the MTT method, caspase-3 activity and lactate dehydrogenase release to the medium. The cell cycle analysis was performed by imaging flow cytometry and ...
Geissler Brett - - 2012
Pathogenic bacteria utilize multiple approaches to establish infection and mediate their toxicity to eukaryotic cells. Dedicated protein machines deposit toxic effectors directly inside the host, whereas secreted toxins must enter cells independently of other bacterial components. Regardless of how they reach the cytosol, these bacterial proteins must accurately identify their ...
Bekei Beata - - 2012
Delivery of isotope-labeled IDPs into mammalian cells for the purpose of generating suitable in-cell NMR samples can also be facilitated by action of pore-forming bacterial toxins. In the course of this procedure, mammalian cell membranes are permeated for short periods of time in order to enable the influx of exogenous ...
Nam Hyo Jung - - 2012
Phospholipase C-gammal (PLC-gammal) expression is associated with cellular transformation. Notably, PLC-gamma is up-regulated in colorectal cancer tissue and breast carcinoma. Because exotoxins released by Clostridium botulinum have been shown to induce apoptosis and promote growth arrest in various cancer cell lines, we examined here the potential of Clostridium difficile toxin ...
Alkuwaity Khalil - - 2012
Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus, GBS) is a leading cause of life-threatening neonatal meningitis and survivors often suffer permanent neurological damage. How this organism interacts with the meninges and subsequently with astrocytes that constitute the underlying cortical glia limitans superficialis is not known. In this paper, we demonstrate dose-dependent adherence ...
Bohne Wolfgang - - 2011
Microsporidia are obligate intracellular fungal pathogens of increasing importance in immunocompromised patients. They have developed a unique invasion mechanism, which is based on the explosive discharge of a hollow tubulus, the so-called polar tube. The infectious sporoplasm is subsequently extruded through this flexible tube and injected into the host cell. ...
Qi Manli - - 2011
The Chlamydia-specific hypothetical protein CT795 was dominantly recognized by human antisera produced during C. trachomatis infection but not by animal antisera raised against dead chlamydia organisms. The immundominant region recognized by the human antibodies was mapped to the N-terminal fragment T22-S69. The endogenous CT795 was detected in the cytoplasm of ...
Silva Breno M - - 2011
Dengue virus nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) is a glycoprotein involved in viral RNA replication. NS1 associates with host cell proteins and can be found in lipid raft domains on the host cell surface, suggesting an involvement in signal transduction events. In this work, we observed that NS1 expression in HepG2 ...
Martins Rafael Miyazawa - - 2011
The molecular mechanisms of host cell invasion by T. cruzi metacyclic trypomastigotes (MT), the developmental forms that initiate infection in the mammalian host, are only partially understood. Here we aimed at further identifying the target cell components involved in signaling cascades leading to MT internalization, and demonstrate for the first ...
Joller Nicole - - 2011
Intracellular pathogen-specific antibodies (Abs) can contribute to host protection by a number of different mechanisms. Ab opsonization of pathogens residing outside a host cell can prevent infection of target cells either via neutralization of the critical surface epitopes required for host cell entry, complement-mediated degradation, or via subsequent intracellular degradation. ...
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