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Results 401 - 450 of 2474
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Feng Wen-hai - - 2007
The induction of lytic infection has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy for treating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive malignancies. To succeed, efficient methods are needed for activating the EBV immediate-early (IE) promoters, Zp and Rp. Here we compared factors which regulate Zp and Rp in AGS gastric carcinoma cells that support ...
Li Fujun - - 2007
Intrauterine infection of the fetus is clearly an important mode of vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). The trophoblast layer of the human placenta must be traversed by HBV in order to reach underlying cells and fetal capillaries. Although HBV has been detected in the trophoblast layer in situ, ...
Terawaki Seigo - - 2007
The negative co-stimulatory receptor, programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), is induced on activated T cells and delivers inhibitory signals upon engagement with its ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2, which are expressed on various somatic cells and certain cancers. Accumulating evidence suggests that interfering with the PD-1-PD-L1 interaction may result in the ...
Szyczew, Alexander Jeffery
Cell surface carbohydrates (e.g. gangliosides) are known to be involved in several important biological processes, including cell regulation [1], cellular interactions [2] and cell proliferation [3]. Of particular interest to us are protein-carbohydrate interactions that are associated with the initial stages of bacterial and viral infection [4]. In this regard, ...
Leopold Philip L - - 2007
The intracellular trafficking of adenovirus capsids has been described mainly through observations of trafficking by capsids from subgroup C adenoviruses in transformed cell lines. The basic elements of the trafficking pathway include high affinity binding of the adenovirus capsid to receptors at the cell surface, internalization by endocytosis, lysis of ...
Gobert Alain P - - 2007
Shiga toxin (Stx) produced by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) binds to endothelial cells expressing globotriaosylceramide-3 (Gb-3) and induces cell death by inhibiting translation. Nonetheless, the effects of Stx on human enterocytes, which lacks receptor Gb-3, remain less known. In this study, we questioned whether EHEC-derived Stx may modulate cellular signalization ...
Horiguchi A - - 2008
Neutral endopeptidase (NEP) is a cell surface peptidase that catalytically inactivates a variety of physiologically active peptides including basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2). We investigated the effect of using lentivirus to overexpress NEP in NEP-deficient DU145 prostate cancer cells. Third-generation lentiviral vectors encoding wild-type NEP (L-NEP), catalytically inactive mutant NEP ...
Beau Isabelle - - 2007
We found that at the tight junctions (TJs) of Caco-2 cell monolayers, rhesus monkey rotavirus (RRV) infection induced the disappearance of occludin. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed the disappearance of occludin from the cell-cell boundaries without modifying the expression of the other TJ-associated proteins, ZO-1 and ZO-3. Western immunoblot analysis ...
Bongfen Silayuv E - - 2007
A substantial and protective response against malaria liver stages is directed against the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) and involves induction of CD8(+) T cells and production of IFN-gamma. CSP-derived peptides have been shown to be presented on the surface of infected hepatocytes in the context of MHC class I molecules. However, ...
Akhtar S Naved - - 2007
The effects of echovirus 11 infection on RD human cell line (derived from rhabdomyosarcoma) were studied using (1)H NMR spectroscopy and optical microscopy. Both uninfected and infected cells consumed glucose and produced lactate, acetate and formate as extracellular metabolites. In infected whole cells, phosphocholine and uridine-sugar were observed in addition ...
Takenouchi Takato - - 2007
We recently established mouse microglial cells persistently infected with mouse-adapted scrapie ME7 (ScMG20/ME7) for in vitro study of prion pathogenesis. Here, we found that ScMG20/ME7 cells were hypersensitive to P2X7 receptor agonists, as demonstrated by sustained Ca(2+) influx, membrane pore formation, cell death, and interleukin-1beta release. P2X7 mRNA expression was ...
Beau Isabelle - - 2007
Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH, EC 3.2.1.23-62) is a brush border membrane (BBM)-associated enzyme in intestinal cells that hydrolyse lactose, the most important sugar in milk. Impairing in lactase activity during rotavirus infection has been described in diseased infants but the mechanism by which the functional lesion occurs remains unknown. We undertook ...
Hirukawa, Alison
The role of actin filaments in the development of Pisum sativum root nodule cells was examined using the actin filament inhibitor cytochalasin-D. Nodulated seedlings were exposed to 7.5 µM, 10 µM, and 30 µM of cytochalasin-D. Cytochalasin-D is commonly known to effect the polymerisation of actin, but has also been ...
Li Frank Q - - 2007
Manipulation of the cell cycle and induction of apoptosis are two common strategies used by many viruses to regulate their infection cycles. In cells infected with coronaviruses, cell cycle perturbation and apoptosis were observed in several reports. However, little is known about how these effects are brought out, and how ...
Kong Byung-Whi - - 2007
Until recently, there has not been a homologous avian cellular substrate which could continuously produce high titer avian metapneumovirus (AMPV); development of such a cell line should provide an excellent model system for studying AMPV infection. We have established a non-tumorigenic immortal turkey turbinate cell line (TT-1) to propagate sufficiently ...
Holtkotte Denise - - 2007
Mutant HIV virions, encoding C-terminally truncated Env proteins, exhibit a cell-specific replication defect, i.e., they can replicate in a few T cell lines (termed permissive cells) but not in the majority of T cell lines (termed nonpermissive cells). We have studied the properties of two mutant virions (pNL-Tr712 and pNL-Tr752), ...
Benoit Danielle S W DS Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, 424 UCB ECCH 111, Boulder, Colorado 80309, - - 2007
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were infected with an adenovirus expressing integrin-linked kinase (ILK) to understand the role of cell-ECM signal transduction cascades in suppressing anoikis. Survivability of ILK-infected hMSCs encapsulated in poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels, an anoikis-inducing environment, was sustained at 90% over 7 weeks, and survival was attributed ...
Kawakami Hirochika - - 2007
The molecular chaperone Hsp90 is involved in the stabilization and conformational maturation of many signaling proteins that are deregulated in cancers. The geldanamycin derivative 17-AAG is currently tested in clinical trials and known to inhibit the function of Hsp90 and promote the proteasomal degradation of its misfolded client proteins. ATL ...
Sander Laura - - 2007
Infecting insect cells with a baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) is an increasingly popular method for the production of recombinant proteins. Due to the lytic nature of the system, however, determining the optimal harvest time is critical for maximizing protein yield. We found that measuring the change in average diameter ...
Van Ewijk Bart E - - 2007
Cystic fibrosis lung disease typically has a course of exacerbations and remissions, suggesting that external factors like viral infections can influence this course. Clinical data suggest synergism between respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. We studied the influence of RSV infection on ...
Tiwari Vaibhav - - 2007
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) interaction with glycoprotein D (gD) receptors facilitates virus entry into cells. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells lacking cellular receptors allow virus to attach, but not to enter, implying a role for receptors during the post-attachment (entry) phase of HSV-1 infection. Here, it is shown ...
Blackman B E - - 2007
Cultures of endogenous GnRH neurons and the GT1 GnRH neuronal cell line release GnRH in pulses (intrinsic pulsatile release) with an interpulse frequency similar to that seen in castrated animals. In both GT1 cells and transgenic rats, lowering cAMP levels by expression of a phosphodiesterase decreased the frequency of intrinsic ...
Mselli-Lakhal Laila - - 2007
A caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV), carrying the green fluorescent protein (GFP) into the tat region was recently reported [Mselli-Lakhal, L., Guiguen, F., Greenland, T., Mornex, J.F., Chebloune, Y., 2006. Gene transfer system derived from the caprine arthritis-encephalitis lentivirus. J. Virol. Meth. 136, 177-184]. This construct, called pK2EGFPH replicated to ...
Jaspers I I Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma, and Lung Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2007
It is unknown whether nutritional deficiencies affect the morphology and function of structural cells, such as epithelial cells, and modify the susceptibility to viral infections. We developed an in vitro system of differentiated human bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) grown either under selenium-adequate (Se+) or selenium-deficient (Se-) conditions, to determine whether ...
Zhou Guang-Zhou - - 2007
A marine fish cell line from the snout of red spotted grouper Epinephelus akaara, a protogynous hermaphrodite, was established, characterized, and subcultured with more than 60 passages. The grouper snout cell line (GSC) cells multiplied well in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. The ...
Imajoh Masayuki - - 2007
Red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV) is a causative agent of red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) in marine fish species in Japan. Fibroblast cells were developed from a tail fin of red sea bream, Pagrus major, and then underwent single cell cloning. The successful cloned cells were named CRF-1 cells. ...
Lim Soo Jeong - - 2007
Increased expression of the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) is required for effective radioiodine treatment and reporter gene imaging of breast cancer. We investigated the effect of retinoic acid on adenovirus-mediated expression of the human NIS gene in the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. METHODS: The MCF-7 cell line was infected ...
Escobedo-Bonilla C M - - 2007
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) causes disease and mortality in cultured and wild shrimp. A standardized WSSV oral inoculation procedure was used in specific pathogen-free (SPF) Litopenaeus vannamei (also called Penaeus vannamei) to determine the primary sites of replication (portal of entry), to analyze the viral spread and to propose ...
Ivanova Margarita M - - 2007
The production of estrogen receptors (ER) in cultured insect cells is advantageous because these cells are relatively easy to culture and they perform post-translation modifications necessary for protein stability and function. There are three options for protein expression in insect cells: transient transfection, lytic baculovirus infection, or transfection followed by ...
Dueck Megan M University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA, 92093-0679, - - 2007
The infectivity of HIV-1 virions can be enhanced by inhibition of the proteasome in target cells, leading to the hypothesis that the proteasome degrades incoming virions as part of the intracellular antiviral defense. Here, several lines of evidence suggest instead that proteasome inhibition renders target cells more susceptible to infection ...
Sherer Nathan M NM Section of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale University School of Medicine, 295 Congress Ave, New Haven, CT 06536, - - 2007
The spread of retroviruses between cells is estimated to be 2-3 orders of magnitude more efficient when cells can physically interact with each other. The underlying mechanism is largely unknown, but transfer is believed to occur through large-surface interfaces, called virological or infectious synapses. Here, we report the direct visualization ...
Davis Daniel M DM Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK. - - 2007
Cells can extend the limits of their transcriptome by using proteins captured from other cells. Through an exchange of specific proteins, tools and information can be shared to establish integrated communities of cells that are better able to coordinate stages of an immune response. Transferred proteins can also contribute to ...
Drugmand, Jean-Christophe
The Insect Cell - Baculovirus Expression Vector System (IC-BEVS) is widely used for the production of complex recombinant (glyco)proteins. The simplicity of insect cell cultivation in suspension serum-free media and the easy construction of recombinant baculovirus vectors have made the BEVS quite an effective expression system. On the other hand, ...
Scandella Elke - - 2007
This study provides a detailed spatiotemporal interaction analysis between B cells, Th cells, and dendritic cells (DC) during the generation of protective antiviral B cell immunity. Following vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) infection, conditional ablation of CD11c-positive DC at the time-point of infection did not impair extrafollicular plasma cell generation and ...
Lopes R P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Human T-cell lymphotropic viruses (HTLV)-I/II have a special tropism for infecting T cells and inducing spontaneous lymphocyte proliferation. Leukaemia and neurological manifestations are associated with HTLV-I/II infections, and treatment is usually based on anti-inflammatory drugs including glucocorticoids. Although steroid resistance has been reported, it is unknown whether this condition ...
Kurzeder Christian - - 2007
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) is a promising non-pathogenic vector in the emerging field of gene therapy. For AAV serotype 2 (AAV-2) infection, experimental evidence points to an involvement of heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPG), but also to the existence of additional receptors. We investigated a potential role of the tetraspanin CD9 ...
Morita Craig T - - 2007
Human Vgamma2Vdelta2 T cells play important roles in mediating immunity against microbial pathogens and have potent anti-tumor activity. Vgamma2Vdelta2 T cells recognize the pyrophosphorylated isoprenoid intermediates (E)-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl pyrophosphate (HMBPP), an intermediate in the foreign 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway, and isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), an intermediate in the self-mevalonate pathway. Infection with ...
Ishikawa Chie - - 2007
Anti-resorptive bisphosphonates are used for the treatment of hypercalcaemia and bone complications associated with malignancies and osteoporosis, but also have been shown to have anti-tumour effects in various cancers. Adult T-cell leukaemia (ATL) is a fatal T-cell malignancy caused by infection with human T-cell leukaemia virus type I (HTLV-I), and ...
Paquet Sophie S Virologie et Immunologie Moléculaires, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, - - 2007
Despite circumstantial evidence that prions can be found extracellularly or at the surface of infected cells, little is known about how these infectious agents spread from cell to cell. In order to gain better insight into this critical issue, this study used two different cell lines (neuroglial MovS and epithelial ...
Daugelavicius Rimantas - - 2007
In this study an on-line electrochemical method was developed to examine the one-step growth cycle (OSGC) of the bacteriophage Bam35. The on-line conditions for monitoring the OSGC and the effect of aeration on the duration of the OSGC were defined. The data indicate that binding of phenyldicarbaundecaborane anions to Bacillus ...
Warachit Jiranan - - 2007
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is separated into several subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs). Here, infections of 4 clinical isolates (0-47-1, CU98-26, CU98-28, and CU98-31) from Thailand were examined in human CD4(+) T-cell lines, MT-4 and MOLT-4. The CU98-26 isolates in both cells and 0-47-1 in MT-4 established ...
Van Buren, Lauren Kay
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1) can infect the nervous system, resulting in a disease known as herpes encephalitis (HSE). Herpes encephalitis affects thousands of people each year; many cases are fatal or permanently debilitating. Approximately two thousand known cases occur in the United States each year alone (Neuroland online ...
Cho, S.
New regulations like, e.g. the European Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals Regulation (the REACH regulation) require efficient and easy to use cell-based systems to get toxicological data of chemicals or to detect viruses in small samples of serum. In this article, we investigate whether the effect of herpes simplex ...
Whitman Audy G - - 2007
Following an infection, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV) exists predominantly in its latent state, with only 1-2% of infected cells undergoing lytic reactivation. We have previously demonstrated along with others a relationship between lytic reactivation and cell cycle progression (Bryan et al., 2006. J. Gen. Virol. 87: 519; McAllister et ...
Ornelles David A - - 2007
Adenoviruses (Ads) are small DNA tumor viruses that have played a pivotal role in understanding eukaryotic cell biology and viral oncogenesis. Among other cellular pathways, Ad usurps cell cycle progression following infection. Likewise, progression of the viral infection is influenced by the host cell cycle. We describe here methods developed ...
Alvarez Mauricio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The interaction between macrophages and Cryptococcus neoformans (Cn) is critical for containing dissemination of this pathogenic yeast. However, Cn can either lyse macrophages or escape from within them through a process known as phagosomal extrusion. Both events result in live extracellular yeasts capable of reproducing and disseminating in the ...
Franklin Vanessa J - - 2007
INTRODUCTIONAnalysis of the developmental fate of cell populations in different parts of the embryo enables the construction of fate maps. These reveal the organization of the body plan and can presage the expression of molecular characteristics of cell lineages and the formation of body parts. The efficacy of fate-mapping techniques ...
Sakudo Akikazu - - 2007
Prion diseases are zoonotic infectious diseases commonly transmissible among animals via prion infections with an accompanying deficiency of cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) and accumulation of an abnormal isoform of prion protein (PrP(Sc)), which are observed in neurons in the event of injury and disease. To understand the role of PrP(C) ...
Mautner Vivien - - 2007
The enteric adenoviruses of subgroup F (Ad40 and Ad41) pose some special problems of cultivation, as they cannot be readily passaged in many of the cell types used to propagate the more commonly used subgroup C serotypes (Ad2 and Ad5) and there is no standard plaque assay. Methods to propagate ...
Scory Stefan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Current chemotherapy of human African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness relies on drugs developed decades ago, some of which show toxic side effects. One promising line of research towards the development of novel anti-trypanosomal drugs are small-molecule inhibitors of Trypanosoma brucei cysteine proteinases. RESULTS: In this study, we demonstrate that ...
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