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Results 351 - 400 of 2473
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Geiser Vicki - - 2008
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1), a member of the alpha-herpesvirinae sub-family, causes significant losses to the cattle industry. BHV-1 establishes latency in trigeminal ganglionic sensory neurons, but periodically reactivates from latency. Previous studies suggested that infection with BHV-1-induced novel morphological changes in rabbit skin (RS) cells versus bovine kidney cells (MDBK). ...
Berdichevsky Marina - - 2008
PER.C6 cells, an industrially relevant cell line for adenovirus manufacture, were extensively passaged in serum-free suspension cell culture to better adapt them to process conditions. The changes in cell physiology that occurred during this passaging were characterized by investigating cell growth, cell size, metabolism, and cultivation of replication-deficient adenovirus. The ...
Anastasia Luigi - - 2008
The paramyxovirus Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) binds to sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates, sialoglycoproteins and sialoglycolipids (gangliosides) of host cell plasma membrane through its hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (sialidase) HN glycoprotein. We hypothesized that the modifications of the cell surface ganglioside pattern determined by over-expression of the mammalian plasma-membrane associated, ganglioside specific, sialidase NEU3 would ...
Diemer Claudia - - 2008
The epidemic outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 was caused by a novel coronavirus (CoV), designated SARS-CoV. The RNA genome of SARS-CoV is complexed by the nucleocapsid protein (N) to form a helical nucleocapsid. Besides this primary function, N seems to be involved in apoptotic scenarios. We ...
Yoo Minjoo - - 2007
For many years, it has been demonstrated that neurotrophins regulate the adult nervous system, implicating their potential as therapeutic agents for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. We generated adenoviral vectors encoding brain-derived neutotrophin factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT3) and tested either separately or together for the ability to induce differentiation ...
Vancini R G - - 2008
The parasite Trichomonas vaginalis causes one of the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infections in humans. Mycoplasmas are frequently found with trichomonads but the consequences of this association are not yet known. In the present study, the effects of T. vaginalis harboring M. hominis on human vaginal epithelial cells and ...
da Silva Patricia Mirella - - 2008
The present study evaluated the possible effects of a toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia selliformis, upon immunological hemocyte functions of the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum, and on the progression of infection by Perkinsus olseni. Clams with variable levels of perkinsosis were exposed for 6 weeks to simulated blooms of cultured the K. ...
Spiliotis Markus - - 2008
A major limitation in studying molecular interactions between parasitic helminths and their hosts is the lack of suitable in vitro cultivation systems for helminth cells and larvae. Here we present a method for long-term in vitro cultivation of larval cells of the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, the causative agent of alveolar ...
Misinzo Gerald - - 2008
Recently, Misinzo et al. (G. Misinzo, P. Meerts, M. Bublot, J. Mast, H. M. Weingartl, and H. J. Nauwynck, J. Gen. Virol. 86:2057-2068, 2005) reported that inhibiting endosome-lysosome system acidification reduced porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) infection of monocytic 3D4/31 cells. The present study examined the effect of inhibiting endosome-lysosome system ...
Sanchez Anthony - - 2007
Ebola and Marburg viruses are believed to enter host cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis. The process has been studied through the use of inhibitors that affect host cell properties and recombinant pseudotyping systems in which filovirus structural glycoproteins mediate entry of foreign virus particles. The aim of the present study was ...
Luk Flora C Y - - 2008
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite of animal cells. Infection of humans is common and may result in devastating disease, especially in immunocompromised individuals. Despite previous reports that N-glycosylation of proteins may be a rare post-translational modification in this and related organisms, we demonstrate that it is actually quite ...
Ghaemmaghami Sina - - 2007
The phenotypic effect of prions on host cells is influenced by the physical properties of the prion strain and its level of accumulation. In mammalian cell cultures, prion accumulation is determined by the interplay between de novo prion formation, catabolism, cell division, and horizontal cell-to-cell transmission. Understanding this dynamic enables ...
Lin Shu-Fu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a fatal disease resistant to all conventional treatments. Novel therapies are needed to improve dismal outcomes. METHODS: A replication-competent vaccinia virus (GLV-1h68) was engineered by inserting expression cassettes encoding Renilla luciferase-green fluorescent protein (GFP), beta-galactosidase, and beta-glucuronidase into the genome of LIVP strain. Infection ...
De Rosa M - - 2008
We have made adamantylGSLs by substituting the fatty acids of primarily, globotriaosyl ceramide(Gb(3)) and sulfogalactosyl ceramide(SGC), with the rigid alpha-adamantane hydrocarbon frame. These analogues have proven to be remarkably water-soluble but retain the receptor function of the parent membrane GSL. AdaGb(3) prevents the binding of verotoxins to target cells but ...
Pacheco María - - 2007
Candida albicans is considered the main pathogenic yeast responsible for a multitude of infective disorders. However, other yeasts, such as Candida famata, are being recognized as potential emerging pathogens that cause several types of infections in humans and animals. Consequently, we have investigated the adhesion and internalization of Candida famata ...
Carson Steven D - - 2007
Cells in which the appropriate viral receptor cannot be detected may paradoxically act as a host to the virus. For example, RD cells are often considered to be non-permissive for infection with coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR)-dependent group B coxsackieviruses (CVB), insofar as inoculated cell monolayers show little or no ...
Chu Quyen D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) facilitates the translation of mRNAs with long 5' untranslated regions and thus regulates protein synthesis. This protein has been found in elevated quantities in breast, colon, and head and neck cancers. To exploit this dysfunction, the 619 base pair 5' untranslated regions of fibroblast ...
Negrete Alejandro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The versatility of recombinant adeno-associated vector (rAAV) as a gene delivery system is due to the vector's ability to transduce different cell types as well as dividing and non-dividing cells. Large-scale production of rAAV remains one of the major challenges for continued development of pre-clinical and clinical studies, and ...
Yamagishi Yoshiaki - - 2008
Although envelope glycoprotein M (gM) is highly conserved among herpesviruses, the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) gM homolog has never been investigated. Here we characterized the VZV gM homolog and analyzed its function in VZV-infected cells. The VZV gM homolog was expressed on virions as a glycoprotein modified with a complex N-linked ...
Yamashita Masahiro - - 2007
HIV and other lentiviruses can productively infect nondividing cells, whereas most other retroviruses, such as murine leukemia virus, require cell division for efficient infection. However, the determinants for this phenotype have been controversial. Here, we show that HIV-1 capsid (CA) is involved in facilitating HIV infection of nondividing cells because ...
Kuboniwa Masae M Department of Preventive Dentistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka, - - 2008
P. gingivalis, an opportunistic pathogen in periodontal disease, can reside within the epithelial cells that line the gingival crevice. A proteomic analysis revealed that infection of gingival epithelial cells with P. gingivalis induces broadly based changes in the level and phosphorylation status of proteins that exert multi-level control on the ...
Wang Wei - - 2008
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is asymptomatic in common persons and could reactive in immunosuppression groups. HCMV was considered as endothelial cells (EC) tropism and leukocyte tropism. We hypothesized that HCMV will infect other cell types from human which have not been reported yet. The HCMV released from human MRC-5 was ...
Slobodskaya Olga - - 2008
Virus infection in vitro can either result in a cytopathic effect (CPE) or proceed without visible changes in infected cells (noncytopathic infection). We are interested in understanding the mechanisms controlling the impact of coronavirus infection on host cells. To this end, we compared a productive, noncytopathic infection of murine hepatitis ...
Buchkovich Nicholas J NJ Department of Cancer Biology, 314 Biomedical Research Building, 421 Curie Blvd., School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6142, - - 2008
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone BiP/GRP78 regulates ER function and the unfolded protein response (UPR). Human cytomegalovirus infection of human fibroblasts induces the UPR but modifies it to benefit viral replication. BiP/GRP78 protein levels are tightly regulated during infection, rising after 36 h postinfection (hpi), peaking at 60 hpi, and ...
Parra Maria C - - 2008
Listeria monocytogenes is the etiological agent of meningitis that affects individuals at high risk such as pregnant women, neonates, the elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Infection by this intracellular pathogen can be lethal if not diagnosed and treated. Mouse neuroblastoma Neuro-2a cells, a neuron-like cell line, were infected with L. monocytogenes. ...
Michelsen Ole - - 2007
Bacteriophage infection in dairy fermentation constitutes a serious problem worldwide. We have studied bacteriophage infection in Lactococcus lactis by using the flow cytometer. The first effect of the infection of the bacterium is a change from cells in chains toward single cells. We interpret this change as a consequence of ...
Mlechkovich Guy - - 2007
E2F transcription factors play pivotal roles in controlling the expression of genes involved in cell viability as well as genes involved in cell death. E2F1 is an important constituent of this protein family, which thus far contains eight members. The interaction of E2F1 with its major regulator, retinoblastoma protein (Rb), ...
Desloges Nathalie - - 2008
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is an important mediator in neutrophil-mediated acute inflammation but has also a wide range of actions on various cells types. We demonstrated that infection of melanoma cells and fibroblasts with cell-associated varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and infection of a T cell line with cell-free VZV resulted in an induction ...
Legendre C - - 2007
Sodium valproate (VPA) has been reported to increase the accumulation of the pathologic isoform of prion protein (PrPsc) in scrapie-infected murine neuroblastoma cells. In this study, the effect of VPA on PrPsc accumulation was investigated in murine N2a neuroblastoma cells chronically infected with scrapie strain 22L (N2a-22L). No accumulation of ...
Ribot Cécile - - 2008
The interaction between rice and the blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea is the focus of extensive studies on rice disease resistance and fungal infection mechanisms. Here, we review the characteristics of susceptible rice blast infections in terms of physiology, cytology and both host and pathogen transcriptional responses. The success of the ...
Swanson Kena A - - 2007
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular pathogen of humans that exhibits species-specific biological characteristics in its early interactions with host cells that are likely important to pathogenesis. One such characteristic is the tyrosine phosphorylation (Tyr-P) of an approximately 70-kDa polypeptide that occurs only after infection of mammalian cells by human ...
Kiiver Kaja - - 2008
Semliki Forest virus (SFV, Alphavirus) induce rapid shut down of host cell protein synthesis and apoptotic death of infected vertebrate cells. Data on alphavirus-induced apoptosis are controversial. In this study, the anti-apoptotic bcl-2 gene was placed under the control of duplicated subgenomic promoter or different internal ribosome entry sites (IRES) ...
Conceição M M - - 2007
Viral antigens can be obtained from infected mammalian cells cultivated on microcarriers. We have worked out parameters for the production of bovine parainfluenza 3 (PI-3) virus by Mandin-Darby Bovine Kidney (MDBK) cells cultivated on Cytodex 1 microcarriers (MCs) in spinners flasks and bioreactor using fetal bovine serum (FBS) supplemented Eagle ...
Lin Chih-Chien - - 2007
Sf-Caspase-1 [Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) caspase-1] is the most studied effector caspase of Lepidoptera and its activation may lead cells to apoptosis (programmed cell death) when under UV irradiation or baculovirus infection. In the present study, we repressed the expression of Sf-caspase-1 in Sf9 (S. frugiperda 9) cells using constitutive ...
Gulbahar M Y - - 2007
The present study describes the pathogenetic mechanisms of myocarditis in 9 lambs that died in a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Samsun, Turkey. In all the heart samples tested, ELISA and sequencing for phylogenetic analyses showed that the virus, namely O/TUR/Samsun/05, was associated with the PanAsia pandemic strain of foot-and-mouth disease ...
Kastenmuller Wolfgang - - 2007
CD8+ T cell responses directed against multiple pathogen-derived epitopes are characterized by defined immunodominance hierarchy patterns. A possible explanation for this phenomenon is that CD8+ T cells of different specificities compete for access to epitopes on antigen-presenting cells, and that the outcome of this so-called cross-competition reflects the number of ...
Selinka Hans-Christoph - - 2007
Infection with various human papillomaviruses (HPVs) induces cervical cancers. Cell surface heparan sulfates (HS) have been shown to serve as primary attachment receptors, and molecules with structural similarity to cell surface HS, like heparin, function as competitive inhibitors of HPV infection. Here we demonstrate that the N,N'-bisheteryl derivative of dispirotripiperazine, ...
Monroy Fernando P - - 2008
14-3-3 Proteins are expressed in most eukaryotes organisms and play varied and crucial roles in a wide range of regulatory processes. In mammalian cells, seven 14-3-3 isoforms have been identified. However, it is not known what effect infection has on 14-3-3 isoform expression. In this study human colonic carcinoma cell ...
Sarojini Harshini - - 2007
Low-molecular-weight colloidal crystals with enhanced biocompatibility and ordered porous structure are used in drug-delivery systems. The objective of our study is to demonstrate the use of silica nanoscale colloid particles for localized recombinant DNA release. The colloids were coated with collagen-containing viral vector constructs of lentiviral green fluorescent protein (GFP), ...
Feederle Regina - - 2007
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a well-characterised B-lymphotropic agent is aetiologically linked to B cell lymphoproliferations, but the spectrum of diseases the virus causes also includes oral hairy leukoplakia, a benign epithelial lesion, as well as carcinomas of the nasopharynx and of the stomach. However, it is still unclear how EBV accesses ...
Ehrengruber Markus U - - 2007
Semliki Forest virus (SFV) vectors are widely used in neurobiological studies because they efficiently infect neurons. As with any viral vector, they possess a limited cloning capacity, so infection with different SFV vectors may be required to introduce multiple transgenes into individual cells. However, this approach is limited by superinfection ...
Al-Mously Najwa - - 2007
Although much has been reported on the in vitro interaction of Chlamydia trachomatis with cells derived from the female genital tract, little is known of its interaction with male genital tract epithelium. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of C. trachomatis serovar E on immortalized normal ...
Frampton Arthur R AR - - 2007
Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1), a member of the Alphaherpesviridae, displays a broad host range in vitro, allowing for detailed study of the mechanisms of productive infection, including attachment and entry, in various cell culture systems. Previously, we showed that EHV-1 infects Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells even though these ...
Luo Min Hua - - 2007
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the leading viral cause of birth defects, affecting primarily the central nervous system (CNS). To further understand this CNS pathology, cells from glioblastoma cell lines T98G and A172, the astrocytic glioblastoma cell line CCF-STTG1 (CCF), and the neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y (SY5Y) were infected with HCMV. ...
Sudhakaran R - - 2007
White tail disease (WTD) is a serious problem in hatcheries and nursery ponds of Macrobrachium rosenbergii in India and many parts of the world. The pathogenic agents have been identified as M. rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) associated with extra small virus (XSV), which is 27nm and 15nm in diameter, respectively. Replication ...
Campbell Carmen Elaine - - 2007
Using an electrical measurement known as electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS), we have recorded the dynamics of viral infections in cell culture. With this technique, cells are cultured on small gold electrodes where the measured impedance mirrors changes in attachment and morphology of cultured cells. As the cells attach and ...
Diab M R - - 2008
Highly virulent Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoite multiplication was recorded on the 4th and 5th days post cultivation (dpc) in seven selected cell lines either with or without fetal calf serum (FCS) in the maintenance media. The multiplication rate was slightly lower in the absence of FCS. The cell line mono-layers collapsed ...
Kumar Kota Arun - - 2007
Malaria sporozoites migrate through several cells prior to a productive invasion that involves the formation of a parasitophorous vacuole (PV) where sporozoites undergo transformation into Exo-erythorcytic forms (EEFs). The precise mechanism leading to sporozoite activation for invasion is unknown, but prior traversal of host cells is required. During cell migration ...
Paquet Sophie - - 2007
We have studied the interactions of exogenous prions with an epithelial cell line inducibly expressing PrPc protein and permissive to infection by a sheep scrapie agent. We demonstrate that abnormal PrP (PrPSc) and prion infectivity are efficiently internalized in Rov cells, whether or not PrPc is expressed. At odds with ...
Feng Wen-hai - - 2007
The induction of lytic infection has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy for treating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive malignancies. To succeed, efficient methods are needed for activating the EBV immediate-early (IE) promoters, Zp and Rp. Here we compared factors which regulate Zp and Rp in AGS gastric carcinoma cells that support ...
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