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Results 201 - 250 of 2474
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Matkovic Urska - - 2009
After systemic administration, adenoviral vectors (AdVs) are sequestered in the liver and adrenal glands. Adenoviral vector transduction has been shown to cause cytopathic effects on human hepatocytes and to induce an inflammatory response, whereas the effect of AdVs on human adrenocortical cells has never been investigated. In this study, human ...
Hilliard Joshua G - - 2009
Current methods for monitoring E3 ubiquitin ligase activity in cell culture or in vivo are limited. As a result, the degradation of cellular targets by many E3 ubiquitin ligases in live cells has not yet been examined. For this study, a target of an E3 ubiquitin ligase was expressed as ...
Freeman M A - - 2009
Unusual tumour-like pathologies caused by mysterious cells termed 'X-cells' have been reported from numerous fish groups worldwide. After nearly 100 years of research, the tumour-like growths have recently been shown to be caused by a protozoan parasite. In the present study, histopathology and small subunit ribosomal DNA (SSU rDNA) sequences ...
Betancourt-Sanchez Miguel - - 2009
In an in vitro model using HEp-2 cells treated with purified plasmid-encoded toxin (Pet), we have identified morphological changes characterized by cell rounding and detachment after toxin internalization; these changes progress to cell death. However, these effects have not yet been shown to occur during the infection of epithelial cells ...
Labudova Martina - - 2009
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is a prototypic arenavirus containing a bisegmented single-stranded RNA genome with an ambisense coding strategy. MX is a noncytolytic LCMV strain with an in vitro host range restricted to only few cell lines. MX LCMV spreads via cell-cell contacts and causes persistent infection with high production ...
Feist Stephen W - - 2009
A new species, Paramarteilia canceri sp. n., is described using light and electron microscopy from the edible crab Cancer pagurus L. captured from the English Channel. No external symptoms were noted, although infected animals were typically lethargic and unresponsive to external stimuli. Organs of infected animals were shrunken and collapsed ...
Shun Chia-Tung - - 2009
Infective endocarditis is characterized by inflammatory infiltrates of mononuclear cells in infected cardiac valve leaflets. To delineate the role of valve interstitial cells (VICs) in leukocyte recruitment, we stimulated human VICs with glucosyltransferase, a modulin from viridians streptococci. Interstitial cells were activated directly by glucosyltransferase in a dose-dependent manner through ...
Shannon-Lowe Claire - - 2009
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with malignant diseases of lymphoid and epithelial cell origin. The tropism of EBV is due to B-cell-restricted expression of CD21, the major receptor molecule for the virus. However, efficient infection of CD21- epithelial cells can be achieved via transfer from EBV-coated B cells. We compare ...
Oh Sang Taek - - 2009
While Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is associated with about 10% of gastric carcinomas worldwide, the role of the virus in the tumorigenesis of EBV-associated gastric carcinoma (EBVaGC) is unclear. Previously, we reported that a gastric cancer cell line, SNU-719, that is naturally infected with EBV closely resembles EBVaGC. Here, we ...
Whitlock Gregory C - - 2009
Burkholderia mallei is a facultative intracellular pathogen that survives and replicates in phagocytic cell lines. The bacterial burden recovered from naïve BALB/c mice infected by intranasal delivery indicated that B. mallei persists in the lower respiratory system. To address whether B. mallei invades respiratory non-professional phagocytes, this study utilized A549 ...
Munderloh Ulrike G UG Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, - - 2009
Tick-borne pathogens in the genus Ehrlichia cause emerging zoonoses. Although laboratory mice are susceptible to Ehrlichia infections, many isolates do not cause clinical illness. In contrast, the Ixodes ovatus Ehrlichia-like agent (IOE) causes disease and immune responses in mice comparable to the human illness caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis. No culture ...
Gomes Fernanda I A - - 2009
Staphylococcus epidermidis is now amongst the most important pathogenic agents responsible for bloodstream nosocomial infections and for biofilm formation on indwelling medical devices. Its increasing resistance to common antibiotics is a challenge for the development of new antimicrobial agents. Accordingly, the goal of this study was to evaluate the effect ...
Oh Yu-Sik - - 2010
Infection of intestinal crypt epithelial cells by the obligate intracellular bacterium Lawsonia intracellularis is directly linked to marked proliferation of the infected enterocytes within 3-5days post-infection. The virulence factor for this unique host cell-proliferative response is not known, but is considered to involve altered crypt cell cycle or differentiation events. ...
Granio Ophélia - - 2009
Taking advantage of the wide tropism of baculoviruses (BVs), we constructed a recombinant BV (BV(CAR)) pseudotyped with human coxsackie B-adenovirus receptor (CAR), the high-affinity attachment receptor for adenovirus type 5 (Ad5), and used the strategy of piggybacking Ad5-green fluorescent protein (Ad5GFP) vector on BV(CAR) to transduce various cells refractory to ...
Dron Michel - - 2009
Dysfunction of the endoplasmic reticulum associated protein degradation/proteasome system is believed to contribute to the initiation or aggravation of neurodegenerative disorders associated with protein misfolding, and there is some evidence to suggest that proteasome dysfunctions might be implicated in prion disease. This study investigated the effect of proteasome inhibitors on ...
Elumalai Sanniyasi - - 2009
Casuarina equisetifolia is one of the ecologically and economically important tropical coastal trees nodulated by nitrogen-fixing actinomycete Frankia and forming symbiotic associations with both ecto- and endomycorrhizal fungi. The present study aims at the ultrastructural study of interactions between C. equisetifolia, Frankia, and mycorrhiza. C. equisetifolia seeds were sterilised and ...
Ferrero Mariana C - - 2009
Inhalation is a common route for Brucella infection. We investigated whether Brucella species can invade and replicate within alveolar(A549) and bronchial (Calu-6 and 16HBE14o-) human epithelial cells. The number of adherent and intracellular bacteria was higher for rough strains (Brucella canis and Brucella abortus RB51) than for smooth strains (B. ...
Oda Akira - - 2009
Circadian rhythms are the daily oscillations of multiple biological processes regulated by an endogenous clock. The Period2 gene is essential in controlling the circadian rhythm and plays an important role in tumor suppression. We examined whether the overexpression of the mouse Period2 gene (mPer2) in cultured tumor cells from human ...
Aubert Martine - - 2009
The virological synapse (VS) is a specialized molecular structure that facilitates the transfer of certain lymphotropic viruses into uninfected T cells. However, the role of the VS in the transfer of nonlymphotropic viruses into T cells is unknown. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) has been shown in vitro to infect T ...
Desailloud Rachel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Viral infections are described as environmental factors that are implicated in various thyroid diseases. The role of enteroviruses (EV) in the pathogenesis of thyroid diseases has been suspected. Recently, we found that EV RNA could be detected in postoperative thyroid specimens. We decided to investigate the infection of a ...
Liu Xuping - - 2009
Adenoviruses are promising vectors for gene therapy. The production of adenoviral vectors (AdV), however, is limited by the cell density effect, namely when cell infection is performed at above 10(6) cells/ml, a drop in cell-specific adenovirus productivity occurs. Our results also show that the coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR) plays an ...
Ribeiro Múcio F B - - 2009
This paper describes the in vitro multiplication process of Babesia bigemina sporokinetes in a cell line (IDE8) from Ixodes scapularis ticks. The inoculum was obtained from hemolymph of engorged females of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks naturally infected with B. bigemina. These ticks had been fed on calves living in a ...
Yamane Daisuke - - 2009
Infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) causes different effects depending on its biotype in vitro; cytopathogenic (cp) strains induce apoptosis, type I interferon (IFN), and various stress-mediated responses, whereas non-cytopathogenic (ncp) strains do not. However, comprehensive transcriptional profiles of the cells infected with BVDV are still unknown. Here we ...
Botelho Mónica - - 2009
Schistosome worms are blood-dwelling flukes that cause chronic infection in more than 200 million people and are thought to be responsible for 500,000 deaths annually. During infection with Schistosoma haematobium, eggs are deposited in the mucosa and submucosa of the bladder and lower ureters. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the ...
Voroshilova Vera A - - 2009
A comparative analysis of nodule morphogenesis was carried out for three symbiotically defective pea (Pisum sativum) mutants that show abnormalities in nodule development.In the wild-type lines, resumption of cell proliferation in the pericycle and inner cortex results in the development of a nodule primordium, within which are found proliferating cells ...
Ulasov Ilya V - - 2009
Survivin has gained attention as a tumor-specific marker which is upregulated in a variety of neoplasms. Although the survivin protein is implicated in anti-apoptotic tumor pathways, little is known about the function of the survivin promoter. In this study, we constructed a conditionally replicative adenoviral vector (CRAd) that utilizes the ...
Zhang Huan - - 2009
A cell strain (IOZCAS-Spex-II-A) cloned from IOZCAS-Spex-II, a cell line established from the fat body of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larva, was characterized, and its capability to produce S. exigua nucleopolyhedrovirus was high with infection rate exceeding 90% compared with its parental cell line IOZCAS-Spex-II that scored only 50%. Growth ...
Billeter Sarah A SA Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research, Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Room 456, Raleigh, NC, 27606, - - 2009
Bartonella species are fastidious, gram negative bacteria, some of which are transmitted by arthropod vectors, including fleas, sandflies, and lice. There is very little information regarding the interaction and/or transmission capabilities of Bartonella species by ticks. In the present study, we demonstrate successful infection of the Amblyomma americanum cell line, ...
Shimizu, Katherine Yumiko
When producing recombinant mammalian proteins in an expression system, the successful completion of posttranslational modifications is an area of concern. One such modification is the attachment of a protein to a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor in the membrane. In order to investigate this, the baculovirus/insect cell system (Autographa californica multiple nuclear polyhedrosis ...
Mishra Manoj Kumar - - 2009
Minocycline is neuroprotective in animal models of a number of acute CNS injuries, neurodegenerative diseases and CNS infection. While anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of Minocycline have been characterized, the molecular basis for the neuroprotective effects of Minocycline remains unclear. We report here that Minocycline and two classical antioxidant compounds inhibit ...
Dai Jihong - - 2009
Resting CD4(+) T cells restrict human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at or before reverse transcription, resulting in slower kinetics of reverse transcription. In a previous study, we showed that, despite this restriction at reverse transcription, HIV integration occurs in resting CD4(+) T cells, albeit with slower kinetics. In that study, ...
Reichelt Mike - - 2009
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a human alphaherpesvirus that is highly cell associated in cell culture. Because cell-free virus yields are too low to permit the synchronous infections needed for time-resolved analyses, information is lacking about the sequence of events during the VZV replication cycle. To address this challenge, we differentially ...
Whittome-Waygood Beatrixe H - - 2009
Infections of two heterologous insect cell lines derived from Malacosoma disstria (Md108) and Choristoneura fumiferana (Cf70) by the Lambdina fiscellaria lugubrosa nucleopolyhedrovirus (LafiNPV-W) were characterized. Cytopathic effects characteristic of LafiNPV-W infection, including rounding of cells, nuclear hypertrophy, and occlusion body (OB) production, were observed in both cell lines. Budded virus ...
Pachikara Niseema - - 2009
Autophagy, a eukaryotic cellular activity leading to the degradation of cellular components, serves as a defense mechanism against facultative intracellular bacteria as well as a growth niche for the obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii. We here demonstrate that the obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis lymphogranuloma venereum strongly induced autophagy ...
Meier-Trummer Claudia S - - 2009
Sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (MCF), caused by Ovine herpesvirus 2 (OvHV-2), is a usually fatal disease of various ruminants and swine. A system for propagation of OvHV-2 in vitro has not yet been identified, although persistently infected cells have been derived from diseased animals and used to establish an animal ...
Wolf Katerina - - 2009
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common respiratory pathogen that has been associated with a variety of chronic diseases including asthma and atherosclerosis. Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular parasites that primarily infect epithelial cells where they develop within a membrane-bound vacuole, termed an inclusion. Interactions between the microorganism and eukaryotic cell can be ...
Song Weifeng - - 2009
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection has been shown to reduce Na+-driven alveolar fluid clearance in BALB/c mice in vivo. To investigate the cellular mechanisms by which RSV inhibits amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC), the main pathways through which Na+ ions enter lung epithelial cells, we infected human Clara-like lung (H441) ...
Kajimoto Tetsuya - - 2009
Glycosidases mediate the digestion of oligosaccharides in the small intestine as well as the processing of cell surface oligosaccharides, which play important roles in cell to cell recognition during infections, metastasis, and immune responses. Thus, agents that control the activities of glycosidases could have therapeutic effects against many carbohydrate-related diseases. ...
Cheng Xiao-Wen - - 2009
Baculoviruses are promising viral insecticides and are safe for the environment. Interaction of baculoviruses in vitro and in vivo is a basic molecular and ecological question that has practical applications in agriculture. Cellular secretion is also a fundamental property in cell-cell communication. Here, we review recent investigations on how baculoviruses ...
Costales Jaime A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The requirements for growth and survival of the intracellular pathogen Trypanosoma cruzi within mammalian host cells are poorly understood. Transcriptional profiling of the host cell response to infection serves as a rapid read-out for perturbation of host physiology that, in part, reflects adaptation to the infective process. Using Affymetrix ...
Sarnataro Daniela - - 2009
The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies in which the protein undergoes post-translational conversion to the infectious form (PrP(Sc)). Although endocytosis appears to be required for this conversion, the mechanism of PrP(C) internalization is still debated, as caveolae/raft- and clathrin-dependent processes ...
Alzhanov Damir T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The chlamydiae alter many aspects of host cell biology, including the division process, but the molecular biology of these alterations remains poorly characterized. Chlamydial inclusion membrane proteins (Incs) are likely candidates for direct interactions with host cell cytosolic proteins, as they are secreted to the inclusion membrane and exposed ...
Gajendran Nadesan - - 2009
Various methods have been used to identify activated T cells such as binding of MHC tetramers and expression of cell surface markers in addition to cytokine-based assays. In contrast to these published methods, we here describe a strategy to identify T cells that respond to any antigen and track the ...
Specke Volker - - 2009
Porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) released from pig tissue can infect selected human cells in vitro and therefore represent a safety risk for xenotransplantation using pig cells, tissues, or organs. Although PERVs infect cells of numerous species in vitro, attempts to establish reliable animal models failed until now. Absence of PERV ...
Romano Patricia S - - 2009
The etiologic agent of Chagas disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, infects mammalian cells activating a signal transduction cascade that leads to the formation of its parasitophorous vacuole. Previous works have demonstrated the crucial role of lysosomes in the establishment of T. cruzi infection. In this work we have studied the possible relationship ...
Jiang Jian-Gang - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) arachidonic acid epoxygenases promote cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis in endothelial cells. This study was to investigate the effects of CYP epoxygenases on the proliferation of tumor cells and possible signaling pathways. METHODS: The effects of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) mediated cytochrome P450 2J2 ...
Mohapatra S - - 2009
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) associated with bronchiolitis and asthma is known to replicate actively in ciliated epithelial cells. However, little is known about the influence of HRSV replication on the cell cycle. We found that HRSV infection of HEp-2 cells led to a reduction of the number of cells ...
Ammendolia M G - - 2009
Listeria monocytogenes can cause a placental-foetal infection that results in spontaneous abortion, premature labour, stillbirth, or neonatal sepsis and meningitis. Bacteria cross the maternofoetal barrier at the villous syncytiotrophoblast level and subsequently spread from the placenta to the fetus. L. monocytogenes is able to induce different kinds of death in ...
He Xiang-Dong - - 2009
To construct urothelium-specific recombinant adenovirus and investigate its inhibition in bladder cancer cell. RT-PCR analysis was used to determine expression patterns of hUPII and coxsackie adenovirus receptor on multiple cell lines. Transient transfection and luciferase detecting assay were used to detect tissue specificity of the hUPII promoter. Recombinant adenovirus Ad-UPII-E1A ...
Martyn John C - - 2009
Recombinant baculoviruses (recBV) were constructed with dual cassettes for constitutive expression of human IgG Fc following infection of insect cells and the structural proteins of hepatitis C virus (core, E1 and E2) following transduction of mammalian cells. The IgG Fc was expressed in insect cells as a fusion protein with ...
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