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Hillar Alexander - - 2010
It was previously reported that Tn-4h and DpN1 cells have the endogenous capacity to efficiently sialylate secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) when infected with a baculovirus expression vector. In contrast, it has been found that lepidopteran insect cell lines that are more widely used as hosts for baculovirus vectors typically fail ...
Miki Tsuyoshi - - 2010
Summary Chromobacterium violaceum is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes fatal septicaemia in humans and animals. C. violaceum ATCC 12472 possesses genes associated with two distinct type III secretion systems (T3SSs). One of these systems is encoded by Chromobacterium pathogenicity islands 1 and 1a (Cpi-1/-1a), another is encoded by Chromobacterium pathogenicity ...
Lv Qiang - - 2010
The development of Neospora caninum tachyzoites, an apicomplexan protozoan parasite, was studied in vitro using the human breast carcinoma cell 7 (MCF-7) as the host cell line. The extracellular NC-1 tachyzoites in MCF-7 cells were observed and counted daily for 6 consecutive days post-infection to establish the growth curve. The ...
Ruiz Antonio - - 2010
Infections with Eimeria ninakohlyakimovae represent important coccidian diseases of goats severely affecting animal health and profitability of goat industry. For the development of suitable vaccination strategies basic research is needed for which one important prerequisite is the establishment of in vitro cultures guaranteeing the availability of parasitic material. Therefore, primary ...
Hubbard Stephen - - 2010
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans modified by human glucosaminyl 3-O-sulfotransferase-3 (3-OST-3) isoform generates the cellular receptor for herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Interestingly, the ability of zebrafish (ZF)-encoded 3-OST-3 isoform to modify heparan sulfate to mediate HSV-1 entry and cell-cell fusion has not been determined although it is predominantly expressed in ...
Akinlolu Olayinka - - 2010
Oncolytic viruses may be limited in their ability to infect and lyse tumor cells because of penetration barriers and viral elimination by the immune system. Combining virotherapy with targeted radiotherapy that uses (111)In- or (177)Lu-DOTATOC may address such issues by spatially enhancing antitumor effects through bystander and/or cross-fire phenomena. In ...
Kulahava Tatsiana A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The authors hypothesized that the cell redox state might be modified during microbial and viral infections. To detect and evaluate changes in astroglial cell redox state, rat C6 glioma cells after exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or after herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) inoculation were used. Redox state modification ...
Tamayo Rita - - 2010
Biofilm formation plays a multifaceted role in the life cycles of a wide variety of microorganisms. In the case of pathogenic Vibrio cholerae, biofilm formation in its native aquatic habitats is thought to aid in persistence during interepidemic seasons and to enhance infectivity upon oral ingestion. The structure of V. ...
Teschendorf Christian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The development of efficient and specific vector systems remains a central issue in gene therapy. Several different adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotypes have so far been characterized so far which show different tissue tropisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The vectors used here contained AAV2 transgene cassette containing green fluorescent protein (GFP) ...
Säve Susanne - - 2010
Extracellular ATP can be released by many cell types under conditions of cellular stress and signals through activation of purinergic receptors. Bladder uroepithelial cells grown in vitro have previously been shown to release ATP in response to stretch. In the present study, we investigated ATP release from uroepithelial cells infected ...
Tanaka Masahiko - - 2010
Prion diseases are characterized by the accumulation of a pathological form of prion protein (PrP(Sc)), which behaves as an infectious agent. Here we developed an in vitro co-culture system to analyze the PrP(Sc) transmission from ScN2a cell, which persistently retains PrP(Sc), to naïve N2a cell. In this cell-to-cell transmission system, ...
Ferrero Mariana C - - 2010
Although Brucella frequently infects humans through inhalation, its interaction with pulmonary cells has been overlooked. We examined whether human lung epithelial cells produce proinflammatory mediators in response to Brucella infection. Infection with smooth or rough strains of Brucella abortus induced the secretion of IL-8 and GM-CSF by the bronchial epithelial ...
Kawasaki Takashi - - 2011
The gastrointestinal mucosa is an important route of entry for microbial pathogens. The immune cells of Peyer's patch (PP) compartments contribute to the active immune response against infection. Although local anesthetics are widely used in clinical practice, it remains unclear whether local anesthetics such as lidocaine affect PP T cell ...
Hong Yang - - 2010
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) OrfA is an accessory protein that is critical for productive viral replication and infection in T cells. Here, we show that OrfA acts to markedly reduce cell surface expression of the FIV primary binding receptor. Downregulation does not occur at the transcriptional or translational level in ...
KrzymiƄska Sylwia - - 2010
Strains of the Enterobacter cloacae complex are becoming increasingly important human pathogen. The aim of the study was to identify, by sequencing the hsp60 gene, the species of clinical isolates phenotypically identified as E. cloacae and to examine them for virulence-associated properties: the ability of adhesion, invasion to HEp-2 cells ...
Yu Hangxing - - 2010
As intracellular bacteria, chlamydiae block the apoptotic pathways of their host cells. However, the infection of epithelial cells causes the loss of cell membrane integrity and can result in nonapoptotic death. Normally, cells undergoing necrosis release high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) that acts as an important proinflammatory mediator. Here, ...
Wang X L - - 2010
A new cell line was established from the heart of a cultured marine fish, half smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis), designated as CSH (Cynoglossus semilaevis heart cell line). The CSH cells grow over 400 days in minimum essential medium (MEM) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 2 ng/ml ...
Johnson Jena A - - 2010
The soybean looper, Chrysodeixis (Pseudoplusia) includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an economically important insect pest and a highly permissive host for the parasitoid Microplitis demolitor and its associated polydnavirus M. demolitor bracovirus (MdBV). Here we established a cell line from C. includens embryos designated UGA-CiE1 cells. CiE1 cells morphologically resemble granulocytes, ...
Balestrino Damien D Institut Pasteur, Unité des Interactions Bactéries-Cellules, INSERM U604, INRA, USC2020, 25 rue du Dr Roux, Paris, - - 2010
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive facultative intracellular pathogen which invades different cell types, including nonphagocytic cells, where it is able to replicate and survive. The different steps of the cellular infectious process have been well described and consist of bacterial entry, lysis of the endocytic vacuole, intracellular replication, and spreading ...
Wei Y-B - - 2010
A novel cell line (bmGH) was established from the heart of brown-marbled grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus and its viral susceptibility was evaluated. The bmGH cells have been subcultured to passage 65 in Dulbecco's modified eagle medium:Ham's nutrient mixture F-12 (1:1) medium (DMEM/F12) which was further supplemented with foetal bovine serum (FBS), ...
Banos-Lara Ma del Roc?o Mdel - - 2010
Caspases (Casp) activity has been associated with the intracellular proteolytic processing of the structural protein to yield the mature capsid formed by VP70 and with the cell release of human astrovirus (HAstV). This work describes the role of individual Casp on these events. The activity of initiator (-8, -9) and ...
Silic-Benussi Micol - - 2010
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection is characterized by life-long persistence of the virus in the host. While most infected individuals remain asymptomatic, 3-5% will eventually develop adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) or tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM) after a clinical latency that can span years (TSP/HAM) to decades ...
Dong Sicong - - 2010
The budded virus (BV) of the Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) infects insect cells and transduces mammalian cells mainly through the endocytosis pathway. However, this study revealed that the treatment of the virus bound to Sf9 cells at low pH could efficiently rescue the infectivity of AcMNPV in the presence ...
Merino Maria C - - 2010
Humoral immunity during experimental Chagas disease has been considered a double-edge sword, critical to control Trypanosoma cruzi spreading but also associated to tissue damage. Peritoneal B-1 cells have been linked to the pathogenesis of Chagas disease; however, they may also help to control the infection by providing a fast wave ...
Ang Brian U - - 2010
Mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2), a transmembrane receptor expressed in suture mesenchyme, osteogenic fronts, and dura, have been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of craniosynostosis syndromes. The C278F- and P253R-FGFR2 mutations result in Crouzon and Apert syndromes, respectively. The dura mater plays a critical role in the formation ...
D'Agostino Paul M - - 2010
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) replication is highly sensitive to interferon (IFN)-induced antiviral responses. Pretreatment of sensitive cultured cells with IFNbeta results in a 10(4)-fold reduction in the release of infectious VSV particles. However, differences exist between the mechanisms of reduced infectious particle titers in cell lines of neuroblastoma and nonneuronal ...
Obara Hisato - - 2010
Mycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis) infection leads cultured cells to various biological alterations in cell metabolism including apoptosis. Apoptosis induced by M. hyorhinis has mainly been considered to be due to mycoplasmal endonucleases. We previously reported that apoptosis in a human carcinoma cell line AZ-521 infected with M. hyorhinis was enhanced ...
Hamed Hossein A - - 2010
We have explored the mechanism by which inhibition of multiple cytoprotective cell-signaling pathways enhance melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7/interleukin-24 (mda-7/IL-24) toxicity toward invasive primary human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells, and whether improving adenoviral infectivity/delivery of mda-7/IL-24 enhances therapeutic outcome in animals containing orthotopic xenografted GBM cells. The toxicity of a serotype 5 ...
Narváez Carlos F - - 2010
We have shown previously that rotavirus (RV) can infect murine intestinal B220(+) cells in vivo (M. Fenaux, M. A. Cuadras, N. Feng, M. Jaimes, and H. B. Greenberg, J. Virol. 80:5219-5232, 2006) and human blood B cells in vitro (M. C. Mesa, L. S. Rodriguez, M. A. Franco, and J. ...
Dron Michel - - 2010
The abnormally folded form of the prion protein (PrP(Sc)) accumulating in nervous and lymphoid tissues of prion-infected individuals can be naturally cleaved to generate a N-terminal-truncated fragment called C2. Information about the identity of the cellular proteases involved in this process and its possible role in prion biology has remained ...
Haley Sheila A - - 2010
Carcinoid syndrome is caused by the unregulated secretion of bioactive amines from neuroendocrine tumors arising primarily in the gastrointestinal tract and lungs. The incidence of carcinoid syndrome is 1-2/100,000 and the syndrome is thought to be increasing. Carcinoid tumors are relatively slow growing but can become highly metastatic. Currently, there ...
Mena Jimmy A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) are the most promising vectors for gene therapy. However, large-scale rAAV production remains a challenge for the translation of rAAV-based therapeutic strategies to the clinic. The baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) has been engineered to produce high rAAV titers in serum-free suspension cultures of insect ...
Xiao Juan - - 2010
Human trophoblast cells were isolated and cultured in vitro in order to investigate possible pathogenesis of intrauterine infection caused by HCMV. Trophoblast cells were obtained by compound enzymes digestion and discontinuous percoll gradient. Cells and purity were identified by using immunocytochemistry assay with anti-CK7, Vim and beta-hCG antibodies. HCMV AD169 ...
Mazurov Dmitriy - - 2010
We have developed an efficient method to quantify cell-to-cell infection with single-cycle, replication dependent reporter vectors. This system was used to examine the mechanisms of infection with HTLV-1 and HIV-1 vectors in lymphocyte cell lines. Effector cells transfected with reporter vector, packaging vector, and Env expression plasmid produced virus-like particles ...
Sun Xiaoping - - 2010
EBV causes infectious mononucleosis and is associated with certain malignancies. EBV nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) mediates EBV genome replication, partition, and transcription, and is essential for persistence of the viral genome in host cells. Here we demonstrate that Hsp90 inhibitors decrease EBNA1 expression and translation, and that this effect requires ...
Elkind Esther - - 2010
Mycoplasmas often contaminate cultured cells, leading to alterations in cellular gene expression, protein synthesis, signal transduction and metabolic pathways. Mycoplasmal contamination is often unnoticed, so that mycoplasma-induced alterations in cell functions may not be appreciated, unless specifically studied. Here, we show for the first time that contamination of SH-SY5Y cells ...
Prats Elena - - 2010
Hypersensitive response (HR) against Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei infection in barley (Hordeum vulgare) was associated with stomata "lock-up" leading to increased leaf water conductance (g(l)). Unique spatio-temporal patterns of HR formation occurred in barley with Mla1, Mla3, or MlLa R genes challenged with B. graminis f. sp. hordei. With ...
Liu Chang - - 2010
Bovine ISG15 (bISG15) is an interferon inducible ubiquitin-like protein that is responsible for the establishment of early pregnancy in ruminant, understanding the properties of bISG15 capable of being inducible in fetal bovine lung (FBL) cells upon infection of bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) is of significant importance. In this study, we ...
Zhang Biao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: bFGF is an important growth factor for glioma cell proliferation and invasion, while connexin 43 is implicated in the suppression of glioma growth. Correspondingly, gliomas have been shown to have reduced, or compromised, connexin 43 expression. METHODS: In this study, a bFGF-targeted siRNA was delivered to the glioma cell ...
Kanda Yasuhiro - - 2010
Mice with malaria showed unique immunological responses, including the expansion of NK1.1(-)TCR(int) cells (extrathymic T cells). Since TCR(int) cells with autoreactivity and autoantibody-producing B cells (B-1 cells) are often simultaneously activated under autoimmune conditions, it was examined whether B-1 cells were activated in the course of malarial infection. From days ...
Zhang Fengrui - - 2010
MSU-TnT4 (TnT4) cells, a newly established Trichoplusia ni cell line, was examined for the presence of a latent nodavirus, as had been described for another T. ni cell line, BTI-TN-5B1-4 (Hi5) cells. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction using nodavirus-specific primers did not detect virus genomic RNA in TnT4 cells. Transmission ...
Figova K - - 2010
Oncolytic viruses are examined to serve as anticancer therapeutics. It is expected that in addition to direct oncolytic effect their action will also help eliciting a solid antitumor immunity. In presented series of experiments we have employed two HPV16-transformed mouse (strain C57/B6) cell lines, TC-1 and MK16/III/ABC (MK16), and reovirus ...
Duncan Keith E - - 2010
Fusarium kernel rot disease starburst symptomatology was characterized fully for the first time. Two maize lines were hand pollinated and inoculated, using a fluorescent protein-expressing transformant of the fungal pathogen Fusarium verticillioides, by introduction of a conidial suspension through the silk channel of intact ears. Microscopy was used to identify ...
Gangodkar Shobha - - 2010
The biogenesis events and formation of dengue virus (DENV) in the infected host cells remain incompletely understood. In the present study, we examined the ultrastructural changes associated with DENV-2 replication in three susceptible host cells, C6/36, Vero and SK Hep1, a cell line of human endothelial origin, using transmission electron ...
Mengual Gómez Diego L - - 2010
Anticarsia gemmatalis is a pest in South America's soybean crops, which could be controlled by the Multinucleopolyhedrovirus of A. gemmatalis (AgMNPV). Currently, its commercial production is based on infected larvae. However, the possibility of using modified baculoviruses in Integrated Pest Management programs has stimulated an interest to develop alternative multiplication ...
Uphoff Cord C - - 2010
The high prevalence of contaminated cell cultures suggests that viral contaminations might be distributed among cultures. We investigated more than 460 primate cell lines for Epstein-Barr (EBV), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus I and II (HTLV-I/-II), and squirrel monkey ...
Orosz László - - 2010
The transcription factor p63 plays a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of epithelial tissues, including the ocular surface. In an effort to gain insight into the pathogenesis of keratitis caused by HSV-1, we determined the expression patterns of the p63 and Bax proteins in the Staatens Seruminstitute Rabbit ...
Thalmann Jessica - - 2010
The intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis causes infections of urogenital tract, eyes or lungs. Alignment reveals homology of CT166, a putative effector protein of urogenital C. trachomatis serovars, with the N-terminal glucosyltransferase domain of clostridial glucosylating toxins (CGTs). CGTs contain an essential DXD-motif and mono-glucosylate GTP-binding proteins of the Rho/Ras families, ...
Sindhava Vishal - - 2010
B cells are typically characterized as positive regulators of the immune response, primarily by producing antibodies. However, recent studies indicate that various subsets of B cells can perform regulatory functions mainly through IL-10 secretion. Here we discovered that peritoneal B-1 (B-1P) cells produce high levels of IL-10 upon stimulation with ...
Kumar Surender B - - 2010
Several lines of research suggest that exposure to cellular material can alter the susceptibility to infection by HIV-1. Because sexual contact often includes exposure to cellular material, we hypothesized that repeated mucosal exposure to heterologous cells would induce an immune response that would alter the susceptibility to mucosal infection. Using ...
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