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Results 401 - 450 of 1726
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Robinson, Rose Marie
Understanding how insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) signaling in mammary epithelial cells may be modified or interrupted by modifications in the cellular environment may lead to 1) methods to increase the growth and proliferation of normal mammary epithelial cells for an increase in the amount of milk produced on a per ...
Beck Stayce E - - 2006
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, which utilize BMP receptors and intracellular SMADs to transduce their signals to regulate cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. Because mutations in BMP receptor type IA (BMPRIA) and SMAD4 are found in the germline of patients with the colon ...
Kwon Mi-Jin - - 2006
Porphyrans, the sulfated polysaccharides, are the main components of Porphyra. The potential apoptotic activities of porphyran were evaluated using AGS human gastric cancer cells. Porphyran did not affect the growth of normal cells, but did induce cancer cell death in a dose-dependent manner. The addition of 0.1% porphyran also reduced ...
Hiroyama Takashi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Induction of hematopoietic cells from human embryonic stem (ES) cells has been reported recently. However, before cells derived from human ES cells can be used in the clinic, preclinical studies using these cells in experimental primates will be necessary. Therefore, we attempted to establish a method to induce hematopoietic ...
Mochizuki Tomoko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: IGFBP-3 has been demonstrated to stimulate or inhibit cell proliferation independently of its ability to bind IGF and a specific IGFBP-3 receptor has been proposed. EGF has been implicated in the cancer development and carcinogenesis. Only limited data are available on the crosstalk between IGFBP-3 signaling and EGF induced ...
Sahara Naohi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Several studies including ours have suggested that lack of CD56 in multiple myeloma (MM) defines a unique patient subset with poorer prognosis. However, the mechanism underlying this aggressive behavior of CD56(-) MM has not been well elucidated. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) or insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) induce proliferation of MM ...
Kacmar James - - 2006
In a cytostat, a continuous culture is monitored and controlled by an automated flow cytometer system, based on the determination of the cell concentration and the single cell property distribution of the growing cell population. The growing culture can be maintained at steady state even at such low cell concentrations ...
Wojcik E J - - 2006
In the normal breast, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is primarily expressed by stromal cells, and stimulates in a paracrine manner epithelial cells expressing the HGF receptor (Met). In invasive human breast carcinomas, HGF and Met are frequently overexpressed, possibly establishing an autocrine HGF/Met loop that promotes tumour cell invasion. However, ...
Sørensen Vigdis - - 2006
Regulation of the subcellular localization of certain proteins is a mechanism for the regulation of their biological activities. FGF-2 can be produced as distinct isoforms by alternative initiation of translation on a single mRNA and the isoforms are differently sorted in cells. High molecular weight FGF-2 isoforms are not secreted ...
Williams A C AC Cancer Research UK Colorectal Tumour Biology Research Group, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Bristol, School of Medical Sciences, Bristol, UK. - - 2007
There is growing evidence that the insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) can have IGF-independent effects on cell growth. However, despite the fact that IGFBP-3 has been reported to be both antiproliferative and proapoptotic, the molecular mechanisms underlying the action of IGFBP-3 have not been elucidated. We report that although ...
Hollborn Margrit - - 2006
We examined whether PDGF may directly stimulate the expression of VEGF by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro, and the involvement of three signal transduction pathways in the regulation of PDGF-evoked cell proliferation, migration, and production of VEGF-A was investigated. PDGF stimulated the gene and protein expression of VEGF-A ...
Tang Liu Lin - - 2006
The fact that the genetic alterations of PTEN are frequently found in hormone-dependent cancers, such as endometrial, breast, and prostate cancers, might suggest the involvement of PTEN in the hormone-dependent cell growth of such tumors. Estrogen promotes the cell growth of the tumors by inducing peptide growth factors in part. ...
Nakaigawa Noboru - - 2006
It is well known that inactivation of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene predisposes for human clear cell renal carcinoma (CCRC). However, details about critical roles of VHL inactivation during tumorigenesis are still unknown. MET protein is a tyrosine kinase receptor for hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), which regulates cell growth, cell ...
Höpfner Michael - - 2006
Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumours (NET) represent a heterogeneous tumour entity. The anti-neoplastic therapy of advanced NET disease is still unsatisfactory and innovative therapeutic approaches are needed. As NET frequently express insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their receptors (IGFR), known to promote survival, oncogenic transformation, tumour growth and spreading, the inhibition of ...
Slominski A - - 2006
We tested the effect of CRH and related peptides in a large panel of human skin cells for growth factor/cytokine activities. In skin cells CRH action is mediated by CRH-R1, a subject to posttranslational modification with expression of alternatively spliced isoforms. Activation of CRH-R1 induced generation of both cAMP and ...
Martin Matthew J - - 2006
Signaling through the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) axis is essential for transformation by many dominantly acting oncoproteins. However, the mechanism by which IGF-IR contributes to oncogenesis remains unknown. To examine this, we compared transformation properties of the oncogenic ETV6-NTRK3 (EN) chimeric tyrosine kinase in IGF-IR-null R- mouse embryo ...
Kim Isaac Yi - - 2006
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are pleiotropic growth factors that signal through an interaction with the membrane receptors-type--IA, -IB, and -II (BMP-RIA, -RIB, and -RII, respectively). Although the prototypical members of this group of growth factors were isolated as osteoinductive factors, recently accumulated data have suggested that these factors regulate malignant ...
Krämer Elizabeth A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The effects of progesterone (P), testosterone (T), chlormadinone acetate (CMA), medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), norethisterone (NET), levonorgestrel (LNG), dienogest (DNG), gestodene (GSD) and 3-ketodesogestrel (KDG) were investigated in normal human breast epithelial MCF10A cells. In addition, the effects of these steroids were tested in estrogen and progesterone receptor positive HCC1500 ...
Allan Lenka L - - 2006
The AhR is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates immunosuppression by environmental PAH. Previous studies demonstrated that activation of mature human B cells up-regulates AhR expression, suggesting that human B cells are direct PAH targets. To test this hypothesis and to determine the metabolic requirements for PAH toxicity in a ...
Pyle April D - - 2006
Growth of human embryonic stem (hES) cells as a pluripotent population requires a balance between survival, proliferation and self-renewal signals. Here we demonstrate that hES cells express receptors of the tropomyosin-related kinase (TRK) family, which mediate antiapoptotic signals. We show that three TRK ligands, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin 3 and ...
Krämer Elizabeth A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Evidence is increasing that adding progestogens to hormone replacement therapy may be more harmful than beneficial, however it is debatable whether all progestogens act equally on breast cells. Mitogenic growth factors from stromal breast tissue are important in growth-regulation of breast cells, and may modify responses to progestogens. We ...
Westwood, Karen Jillian
Copyright © Oxford University Press 2004
Jagadeeswaran Ramasamy - - 2006
c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) has not been extensively studied in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). In this study, c-Met was overexpressed and activated in most of the mesothelioma cell lines tested. Expression in MPM tissues by immunohistochemistry was increased (82%) in MPM in general compared with normal. c-Met was internalized ...
Matsubayashi Yoshikatsu - - 2006
Almost all plant cells, even when fully differentiated, can dedifferentiate and proliferate in vitro to form a callus, in which they can then differentiate to form various organs. These sequential processes can be promoted by exposing the cells to a conditioned medium in which either the same or other cells ...
Huppertz Berthold - - 2006
The human placenta is a source for a variety of growth factors, hormones, and other proteins. The cellular source of the proteins can be best determined by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry can also be used to identify a specific cell type and to differentiate it from other types of cells. Thus, ...
Vijayababu Marati R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Quercetin, the predominant flavonoid, has been reported to lower the risk of several cancers. This flavonoid found in onion, grapes, green vegetables, etc. has been shown to possess potent antiproliferative effects against various malignant cells. This study was designed to investigate its effects on insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and ...
Kondo Rie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: While human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia, HTLV type 2 (HTLV-2) is not associated with this malignancy. Accumulating evidence suggests that Tax, a transforming protein of HTLV-1 or HTLV-2, plays a crucial role in the distinctive pathogenesis of these two ...
Luporini P - - 2006
In association with their mechanisms of self/non-self recognition (known as mating type systems), ciliates synthesize and constitutively secrete cell type-specific proteins into their extracellular medium. These proteins, designated as pheromones, have been isolated from species of Euplotes and shown to be members of families of structurally homologous molecules, all rich ...
Nikitovic D - - 2006
Versican, a large sized chondroitin-sulphate proteoglycan (PG), and its binding partner, hyaluronan (HA), are extracellular matrix (ECM) components that play an essential role in transformed cell behavior. Expression of certain versican isoforms has been implicated in cell migration and proliferation of cancer cells and, on the other hand, disruption of ...
Hollborn Margrit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Placenta growth factor (PlGF) is an important co-factor in retinal neovascularization. To examine whether retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells may represent a source for PlGF during retinopathy, we determined whether human RPE cells in vitro produce and respond to PlGF. In addition, we determined whether the cells express receptors ...
Nahta Rita - - 2005
The majority of breast cancer patients who achieve an initial therapeutic response to the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-targeted antibody trastuzumab will show disease progression within 1 year. We previously reported the characterization of SKBR3-derived trastuzumab-resistant pools. In the current study, we show that HER-2 interacts with insulin-like ...
Martelli-Junior H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is an uncommon condition characterized by an accumulation of extracellular matrix resulting in a fibrotic enlargement of the gingiva. The goal of this article is to describe one kindred affected with HGF and discuss the diagnosis, treatment, and control of the disease. The pattern of ...
Martin L-A - - 2005
Long-term culture of MCF-7 wild-type (wt) cells in steroid-depleted medium (LTED) results in hypersensitivity to oestradiol (E2) coinciding with elevated levels of ERalpha and enhanced growth factor signalling. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of the pure anti-oestrogen ICI 182,780 (ICI) with the competitive anti-oestrogen tamoxifen (TAM) ...
Mukohara Toru - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Expression of the Met receptor and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), has been observed in 74% to 100% and 40% to 85% of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) specimens, respectively. HGF stimulation has been shown to enhance MPM cell proliferation, migration, cell scattering, and invasiveness. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To investigate ...
Wells C M - - 2005
An important process in embryogenesis and cancer-cell metastasis is the conversion of epithelial cells to a migratory phenotype, a phenomenon known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (E-MT). To achieve E-MT, cells dissociate from neighbouring cells and adopt a migratory morphology. This transition requires remodelling of their cell shape and substratum adhesions; activities ...
Hwang Pyoung Han - - 2005
PTEN/MMAC1 is a tumor suppressor gene that is mutated in a variety of advanced and metastatic cancers. Its major function is likely to be the phosphatase activity that regulates the phosphotidylinositol (PI)3-kinase/Akt pathway. On the other hand, IGF system plays an important role in cell proliferation and cell survival via ...
Vincent Loïc - - 2005
Motile cells capable of undergoing transendothelial migration, such as hematopoietic and leukemic cells, have been shown to sense and respond to a decrease in their surrounding gravity. In this study, we investigated the effects of microgravity on human leukemic cell proliferation and expression of receptors that control cell survival, such ...
Schneider, Ian Christopher
Wound healing is a well-coordinated process in which different cell types invade the wound at different times, secreting different enzymes and factors. An important event in this process is the proliferation and directed migration of dermal fibroblasts. Evidence has shown that gradients of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) mediate the process ...
Kim Bhumsoo - - 2005
Insulin receptor substrate (IRS) signaling is regulated through serine/threonine phosphorylation, with subsequent IRS degradation. This study examines the differences in IRS-1 and IRS-2 degradation in human neuroblastoma cells. SH-EP cells are glial-like, express low levels of the type I IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) and IRS-2 and high levels of IRS-1. SH-SY5Y ...
Fukaya Yuko - - 2005
The role of regucalcin, a regulatory protein in intracellular signaling pathway, in cell death was investigated by using the cloned rat hepatoma H4-II-E cells overexpressing regucalcin. The hepatoma cells (wild-type) and stable regucalcin/pCXN2 transfectants were cultured for 72 h in a medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) to obtain ...
Kazlauskas Andrius - - 2005
Approximately 50 years ago, researchers established conditions to maintain cells in tissue culture: Likely et al. (1952), Scherer et al. (1953), Eagle (1955). This simple model system set the stage for discovery of growth factors and the signaling systems that they engage to mediate cellular responses such as proliferation. The ...
Silva L F P - - 2005
When dairy heifers are fed to gain more than 900 g of body weight/d, they have less mammary parenchymal DNA at puberty but more insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in serum. This negative relationship between serum IGF-I concentration and mammary epithelial cell proliferation is in disagreement with the extensively reported role ...
Ferone Diego - - 2005
To study somatostatin/dopamine (SS/D) synergy in a human cell system constitutively expressing SS and D receptors (SSR and DR, respectively), we characterized the expression of SSR and DR subtypes in the non-small-cell lung cancer line Calu-6, and then we evaluated the effect on cell proliferation of SS/D chimeric molecules (BIM-23A387 ...
Pante, Guido
Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) is a pleiotropic factor acting on cells expressing the Met receptor tyrosine kinase. HGF/Met signaling has been described in detail and it is known to control cell migration, growth and differentiation in several embryonic organs and to be implicated in human cancer. Conversely, little is known ...
Wajih Nadeem - - 2005
Some recombinant vitamin K-dependent blood coagulation factors (factors VII, IX, and protein C) have become valuable pharmaceuticals in the treatment of bleeding complications and sepsis. Because of their vitamin K-dependent post-translational modification, their synthesis by eukaryotic cells is essential. The eukaryotic cell harbors a vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylation system that converts ...
Harada Josephine N - - 2005
Functional profiling technologies using arrayed collections of genome-scale siRNA and cDNA arrayed libraries enable the comprehensive global analysis of gene function. However, the current repertoire of high-throughput detection methodologies has limited the scope of cellular phenotypes that can be studied. In this report, we describe the systematic identification of mammalian ...
Gao Chong-Feng - - 2005
Invasive and proliferative phenotypes are fundamental components of malignant disease, yet basic questions persist about whether tumor cells can express both phenotypes simultaneously and, if so, what are their properties. Suitable in vitro models that allow characterization of cells that are purely invasive are limited because proliferation is required for ...
Fenton Jenifer I - - 2005
The obese state is associated with elevated circulating levels of insulin, insulin-like growth factors (IGF), and leptin. Research is contradictory regarding the role of these elevated growth factors in colon cancer risk. We hypothesized that colonic epithelial cells that were Apc deficient (ApcMin/+) but not those expressing wild-type Apc (Apc+/+) ...
Ognjanovic Simona - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine whether pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor is a secreted cytokine in the human amnion and to study its chemotaxic and antiapoptotic properties. Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor secretion was studied from amniotic epithelial-like WISH cells and primary amniotic epithelial cells that were seeded on squares of ...
Park Minseon - - 2005
Autocrine stimulation via coexpression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor (Met) has been reported in many human sarcomas, but few in carcinomas. In this report, we found that one gastric cancer cell line, SNU-484, among 11 gastric cell lines tested has an autocrine HGF- Met stimulation. RT-PCR, ELISA ...
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