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Khoda Mahbub E - - 2012
This study aims to investigate the efficacy of in vitro Thallium-201 Chloride (Tl-201) and in vitro and in vivo Tc-99m HYNIC-coupled Annexin V (TAV) in the early detection of radiation induced apoptosis, a proxy indicator of radiation therapy (RT) efficacy. In vitro Tl-201 and TAV accumulation and efflux in non-small ...
Santin Giada - - 2012
Cisplatin (cisPt) is a chemotherapy agent used as a treatment for several types of cancer. The main cytotoxic effect of cisplatin is generally accepted to be DNA damage. Recently, the mechanism by which cisPt generates the cascade of events involved in the apoptotic process has been demonstrated. In particular it ...
Zuo Ya-Hui - - 2012
The aim of this study was to characterize genomic instability induced by ionizing radiation (IR) in human hepatocytes as reflected by alterations in cloning efficiency, micronucleus (MN) frequency, and apoptosis. The human normal liver 7702 cell line (HL7702) was subjected to initial irradiation of (60)Co-γ ray at doses of 0 ...
Castañeda Diana M - - 2012
Enhancement of tumor cell sensitivity may help facilitate a reduction in drug dosage using conventional chemotherapies. Consequently, it is worthwhile to search for adjuvants with the potential of increasing chemotherapeutic drug effectiveness and improving patient quality of life. Natural products are a very good source of such adjuvants. The biological ...
Feng Xiaoxing - - 2012
Cell death induced by poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) and mediated by apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is well-characterized in models of ischemic tissue injury, but their roles in cancer cell death after chemotherapy are less understood. Here we investigated the roles of PAR and AIF by RNA interference (RNAi) in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast ...
Mascia Francesca F Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, - - 2012
Unraveling the signaling pathways that transmit information from the cell surface to the nucleus has been a major accomplishment of modern cell and molecular biology. The benefit to humans is seen in the multitude of new therapeutics based on the illumination of these pathways. Although considerable insight has been gained ...
Beltraminelli Helmut - - 2011
Background: In autologous cell therapy, e.g. in melanocyte transplantation for vitiligo, a minimally invasive mode of transepidermal delivery of the isolated cells is of crucial importance to reduce potential side effects such as infections and scarring as well as to minimize the duration of sick leave. Objectives:To compare the characteristics ...
Benkeddache Djamila - - 2011
Frozen animal tissues are thought to be appropriate for use as a donor for somatic cell nuclear transfer. This makes the freezing for long term storage a valuable tool for breeders needing to protect an animal population that is endangered by sanitary problems or for cryobanking of genetic resources. We ...
Plettig Jörn - - 2011
Medical treatment of burns and chronic wounds remains a challenge. We discussed a therapy concept that combines skin cell spray transplantation with a novel wound dressing based on artificial hollow fiber membrane capillaries. In skin cell-based therapy development, autologous skin progenitor cells are isolated from a healthy skin area and ...
Pasonen-Seppänen Sanna - - 2011
CD44 is a ubiquitous cell surface glycoprotein, involved in important cellular functions including cell adhesion, migration, and modulation of signals from cell surface receptors. While most of these CD44 functions are supposed to involve hyaluronan, relatively little is known about the contribution of CD44 to hyaluronan maintenance and organization on ...
Hattori Masako - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We have developed inorganically-coated all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) nanoparticles, nano-sized egg-like particles of atRA (NANOEGG®-atRA). The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of NANOEGG®-atRA on corneal wound healing in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: A rabbit corneal epithelial wound healing model was exposed to different concentrations ...
Mollazadeh Samaneh - - 2011
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), which is the most common type of bladder cancer, shows resistance to chemotherapeutic agents due to the overexpression of drug efflux pumps. In this study, the effects of feselol, a sesquiterpene coumarin extracted from Ferula badrakema, on cisplatin cytotoxicity were investigated in 5637 cells, a TCC ...
Zhang Qi - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The herbs Astragali Radix (AR) and Rehmanniae Radix (RR) have long been used in traditional Chinese Medicine and serve as the principal herbs in treating diabetic foot ulcer. AIM OF THE STUDY: Chinese herbal formulus comprising Astragali Radix (AR) and Rehmanniae Radix (RR) have been shown to improve ...
Mihai Cosmin - - 2012
The phosphoinositide-3 kinase/Akt pathway is a vital survival axis in lung epithelia. We previously reported that inhibition of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), a major suppressor of this pathway, results in enhanced wound repair following injury. However, the precise cellular and biomechanical mechanisms responsible for increased ...
Peng Jianping - - 2012
Wound and subsequent healing are frequently associated with hypoxia. Although hypoxia induces angiogenesis for tissue remodeling during wound healing, it may also affect the healing response of parenchymal cells. Whether and how wound healing is affected by hypoxia in kidney cells and tissues is currently unknown. Here, we used scratch-wound ...
Alcaraz Jordi - - 2011
Collective cell invasion (CCI) through interstitial collagenous extracellular matrix (ECM) is crucial to the initial stages of branching morphogenesis, and a hallmark of tissue repair and dissemination of certain tumors. The collagenous ECM acts as a mechanical barrier against CCI. However, the physical nature of this barrier and how it ...
Clover Anthony J P - - 2011
The development of a good blood supply is a key step in burn wound healing and appears to be regulated in part by myeloid cells. CX3CR1 positive cells have recently been identified as myeloid cells with a potential role in angiogenesis. The role of functional CX3CR1 system in burn wound ...
Alvi Iqrar Ali - - 2011
Topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is used for the treatment of actinic keratosis and nonmelanoma skin cancer. Unfortunately, 5-FU per se shows a poor percutaneous permeation, thus reducing its anticancer effectiveness after topical administration. Therefore, we have constructed transfersomes, liposomes, and niosomes of 5-FU for topical applications in this investigation. Transfersomes were ...
Berthaut Alexandre - - 2011
Corneal fibroblast cell (CFC) reticulation is involved in the structural development of corneal stroma and in wound healing. In an earlier paper, it was reported that the expression of VEGFR-1 by CFCs is related to their reticulogenic properties in vitro and decreases with the age of the donors. The present ...
Morita Toshiyuki - - 2011
Re-epithelialization in skin wound healing is a process in which epidermal sheets grow and close the wound. Although the actin-myosin system is thought to have a pivotal role in re-epithelialization, its role is not clear. In fish skin, re-epithelialization occurs around 500 μm/h and is 50 times faster than in mammalian ...
Chin K Y - - 2011
Wound healing is a complex process requiring interaction between different cell types, each playing their part within the four main phases of wound healing. This process requires careful regulation, with communication between the different cell types via gap junction channels, which allow the passage of small molecules, including ions and ...
Pudlas Marieke - - 2011
Noninvasive monitoring of tissue-engineered (TE) constructs during their in vitro maturation or postimplantation in vivo is highly relevant for graft evaluation. However, traditional methods for studying cell and matrix components in engineered tissues such as histology, immunohistochemistry, or biochemistry require invasive tissue processing, resulting in the need to sacrifice of ...
Agretti Patrizia - - 2011
3-Iodothyronamine (T(1)AM), produced from thyroid hormones (TH) through decarboxylation and deiodination, is a potent agonist of trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), a G protein-coupled receptor belonging to the family of TAARs. In vivo T(1)AM induces functional effects opposite to those produced on a longer time scale by TH and might ...
Zimber M P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Laser resurfacing procedures are continuing to grow in popularity as patients select less invasive procedures for rejuvenation of photo-damaged and aging skin. However, although physicians have begun exploring options to aid in postlaser healing, currently available treatments have little clinical evidence to support their use for wounded skin. METHODS: ...
Amini-Nik Saeid - - 2011
During skin wound healing, fibroblast like cells reconstitute the dermal compartment of the repaired skin filling the wound gap. A subset of these cells are transcriptionally active for β-catenin/TCF signaling during the proliferative phase of the repair process, and β-catenin levels control the size of the scar that ultimately forms ...
Huang Yong - - 2011
Background:Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are important regulators of cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation during wound healing. FGF-binding protein (FGF-BP) plays a critical role in activating FGFs by releasing them from the extracellular matrix. Although previous studies have demonstrated a pivotal role for FGF-BP in wound healing and angiogenesis, little is ...
Dworkin Sebastian - - 2011
The planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway plays a critical role in diverse developmental processes that require coordinated cellular movement, including neural tube closure and renal tubulogenesis. Recent studies have demonstrated that this pathway also has emerging relevance to the epidermis, as PCP signaling underpins many aspects of skin biology and ...
Sun Yao-Hui - - 2011
Damage to the respiratory epithelium is one of the most critical steps to many life-threatening diseases, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The mechanisms underlying repair of the damaged epithelium have not yet been fully elucidated. Here we provide experimental evidence suggesting a novel mechanism ...
Dubey Sachin Kumar - - 2011
Human basic fibroblast growth factor (hbFGF; 17.4 kDa) has shown promise in the treatment of several dermatological conditions; symptomatic improvement was also observed in patients with peripheral arterial disease after arterial infusion. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of using transdermal iontophoresis to deliver biologically active ...
Bachelor Michael A - - 2011
L-3-Phosphoserine phosphatase (PSPH) is a highly conserved and widely expressed member of the haloacid dehalogenase superfamily and the rate-limiting enzyme in l-serine biosynthesis. We previously found Psph expression to be uniquely upregulated in a α6β4 integrin transgenic mouse model that is predisposed to epidermal hyperproliferation and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) ...
Forlino Antonella - - 2011
A new paradigm has emerged for osteogenesis imperfecta as a collagen-related disorder. The more prevalent autosomal dominant forms of osteogenesis imperfecta are caused by primary defects in type I collagen, whereas autosomal recessive forms are caused by deficiency of proteins which interact with type I procollagen for post-translational modification and/or ...
Gescher Kirsten - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Northern America Typha latifolia L. (Typhaceae) fruits are used for more than 4000 years for treatment of skin disorders, burns and as wound dressing to absorb the ichors. AIM OF THE STUDY: The following studies attempted to characterize water-soluble polysaccharides from aqueous Typha latifolia extracts and to ...
Jan H-M - - 2011
The present study investigates the efficacy of polyethylenimine (PEI)-DNA complex that expressed human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) to transfect hair follicle stem cells and produce sufficient hTERT to stimulate hair growth. Transfection with pLC-hTERT-DNA-PEI complex (D+P group) in vitro induced expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen in 35.8% of the ...
Hanrieder Jörg - - 2011
The development of powerful analytical techniques for specific molecular characterization of neural cell types is of central relevance in neuroscience research for elucidating cellular functions in the central nervous system (CNS). This study examines the use of differential protein expression profiling of mammalian neural cells using direct analysis by means ...
Attanasio Roberta - - 2011
Perchlorate is a known endocrine disruptor present in groundwater, vegetables and dairy food products in many regions of the United States. It interferes with the uptake of iodide into the thyrocyte by the sodium-iodide symporter at the basolateral surface, thus potentially disrupting the synthesis of thyroid hormone. Because transport of ...
Wang Julia Y - - 2011
CD5(+) (B-1a) B cells play pivotal roles in autoimmunity through expression of autoreactive B-cell receptors and production of autoantibodies. The mechanism underlying their positive selection and expansion is currently unknown. This study demonstrates that dermatan sulfate (DS) expands the B-1a cell population and augments the specific antibody response to an ...
Chua Melvin Lee Kiang ML Health Protection Agency, Chilton, UK. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare inter-individual and inter-cell type variation in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair following in vivo irradiation of human skin. Duplicate 4mm core biopsies of irradiated and unirradiated skin were collected from 35 patients 24h after 4Gy exposure using 6MeV electrons. Residual DSB were ...
Brandon Mark P - - 2011
Grid cells recorded in the medial entorhinal cortex of freely moving rats exhibit firing at regular spatial locations and temporal modulation with theta rhythm oscillations (4 to 11 hertz). We analyzed grid cell spatial coding during reduction of network theta rhythm oscillations caused by medial septum (MS) inactivation with muscimol. ...
Taguchi Takashi - - 2011
Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) is a collagen-specific molecular chaperone that helps the molecular maturation of various types of collagens. A close association between increased expression of HSP47 and the excessive accumulation of collagens is found in various human and experimental fibrotic diseases. Increased levels of HSP47 in fibrotic diseases ...
Fei Wu - - 2011
Schwann cells (SCs) within peripheral nerve respond robustly after exposure to neurotrophic factors. Recent results have revealed that valproic acid (VPA), at a clinically relevant therapeutic concentration, produces effects similar to neurotrophic factors, and promotes neurite growth and cell survival. We hypothesized that VPA could also induce Schwann cell response. ...
Polanski Radoslaw - - 2011
MDM2 expression, combined with increased p53 expression, is associated with reduced survival in several cancers, but is particularly of interest in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) where evidence suggests the presence of tissue-specific p53/MDM2 pathway defects. We set out to identify MDM2 interacting proteins in renal cells that could act as ...
Caillava Céline - - 2011
The specific functions of intrinsic regulators of oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) division are poorly understood. Type 2 cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk2) controls cell cycle progression of OPCs, but whether it acts during myelination and repair of demyelinating lesions remains unexplored. Here, we took advantage of a viable Cdk2(-/-) mutant mouse to ...
Bialek Joanna - - 2011
In the present study, we identified differential expression of immunoreactive matrix metalloproteinase MMP2/ gelatinase A, membrane-anchored MT1-MMP/ MMP14, and human relaxin-2 (RLN2) in human benign and malignant thyroid tissues. MMP2 and MT1-MMP were detected in the majority of thyroid cancer tissues and co-localized with RLN2-positive cells. MMP2 was mostly absent ...
Zeybek Naciye Dilara - - 2011
Statins show antiproliferative activity in various cancer cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of rosuvastatin treatment on papillary thyroid carcinoma. The papillary thyroid carcinoma (B-CPAP) and normal (Nthy-ori 3-1) thyroid cell lines were treated with rosuvastatin at 12.5 μM, 18.5 μM, 25μM, 50μM, 100μM, 200μM ...
Potter Gregory B - - 2011
Oligodendrocytes are the primary source of myelin in the adult central nervous system (CNS), and their dysfunction or loss underlies several diseases of both children and adults. Dysmyelinating and demyelinating diseases are thus attractive targets for cell-based strategies since replacement of a single presumably homogeneous cell type has the potential ...
Ochi Nobuo - - 2011
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal diseases. Novel molecularly targeted therapies are urgently needed. Here, we extended our studies on the role of protein kinase D1 (PKD1) in PDAC cell lines. Given that Panc-1 express moderate levels of PKD1, we used retroviral-mediated gene transfer to create ...
Yoon Mj - - 2011
The insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a key regulator of reproductive functions. IGF-I actions are primarily mediated by IGF-IR. The main objective of this research was to evaluate the presence of IGF-I and IGF-I Receptor (IGF-IR) in stallion testicular tissue. The hypotheses of this study were (i) IGF-I and IGF-IR ...
Bidosee M - - 2011
We previously showed that growth hormone (GH) receptors (GHR) are expressed in the most commonly studied human prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines and that GHR isoforms undergo differential, cell-type-specific hormonal regulation. We now report that human GH (hGH) can stimulate/modulate insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and β-oestradiol (E(2) ) receptor (ER(β) ...
Zeng You-Wei - - 2011
Ficus hirta Vahl. (Wuzhimaotao) is widely used as a folk medicine by Hakka people in southern China. In order to ascertain if any major fraction can be attributed to have pronounced anticancer effect, extracts of Wuzhimaotao on cytotoxic and apoptosis of HeLa cell lines were evaluated. HeLa cells were cultured ...
Freeman Joseph W - - 2011
Proliferative therapy, or prolotherapy, is a treatment for damaged connective tissues involving the injection of a solution (proliferant) which causes local cell death and triggers the body's wound healing cascade. Physicians vary in their use of this technique; it is employed for ligaments but has also been investigated for tissues ...
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