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Results 451 - 500 of 1727
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Park Minseon - - 2005
Autocrine stimulation via coexpression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor (Met) has been reported in many human sarcomas, but few in carcinomas. In this report, we found that one gastric cancer cell line, SNU-484, among 11 gastric cell lines tested has an autocrine HGF- Met stimulation. RT-PCR, ELISA ...
Lee June Sung - - 2005
Migration of pericytes such as hepatic stellate cells is fundamentally important for diverse biological and pathological processes including tumor invasion and fibrosis. In prototypical migratory cells such as fibroblasts, the small GTPases Rac1 and RhoA govern the assembly of lamellipodia and stress fibers, respectively, cytoskeletal structures that are integral to ...
Koch Alexandra - - 2005
Recently, evidence has been accumulating that inositol and phosphatidylinositol polyphosphate play important roles in a variety of signal transduction systems including membrane traffic, actin cytoskeleton rearrangement and cell motility. In this paper, we show for the first time that the SH2-domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase (SHIP)-2 binds directly to the hepatocyte growth ...
Faenza Irene - - 2005
The existence of a nuclear polyphosphoinositol metabolism, independent from that at the plasma cell membrane, is now widely recognized. Specific changes in the nuclear phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) metabolism have been implicated in cell growth, differentiation and neoplastic transformation. Here, the main features of nuclear inositol lipid signaling through type I IGF ...
Katayama Masafumi - - 2005
Comparative cultures of normal and malignant cells are important for understanding the growth properties of tumors. Although many cell lines have been established from esophageal cancers, the growth properties of normal and cancer-derived esophageal epithelial cells have not been compared extensively. We succeeded in establishing an assay system in serum-free ...
Bauer Todd W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether insulinlike growth factor-I (IGF-I) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) cooperate to induce migration and invasion of human colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells and whether the effects of IGF-I and/or HGF are mediated through activation of the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA)/uPA receptor (uPAR) system, a central mediator of ...
Beckert Stefan - - 2005
We investigated cell proliferation and local insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) expression in ischemic wounds after topical application of IGF-I through different delivery systems. IGF-I dressings were fabricated from an IGF-I containing polyvinyl alcohol film placed on a standard hydrogel dressing. In vitro, the release of IGF-I from this dressing was ...
Stapelberg, Michael
α-Tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS), a redox-silent analogue of vitamin E, inhibits malignant mesotheliomas (MM) in a pre-clinical model. Here we investigated the underlying mechanism. Exposure of MM cells to α-TOS triggered apoptosis at higher and inhibited proliferation at lower concentrations, while this effect was not observed in non-malignant mesothelial cells. Sub-apoptotic ...
Badawi R A - - 2005
Growth factors are extracellular signaling molecules that act in an autocrine and paracrine fashion to regulate growth, proliferation, differentiation, and survival of cells. Dysregulation of the growth factor networks is intimately related to the molecular pathogenesis of neoplastic and paraneoplastic disease. Increasing knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying growth factors ...
Okada H - - 2005
To establish reproductive biological techniques in mammals, it is important to understand the growth environment of the embryo. Oviduct epithelial cells are in close proximity to the embryo during pre-implantation development. We, therefore, established an immortalized oviduct epithelial cell line from the cynomolgus monkey, evaluated the usefulness of these cells ...
Guo Taylor B - - 2005
Voltage-gated K(+) channel activities are involved in regulating growth factor-stimulated cell proliferation in a variety of cell types. Here we report that suppression of a voltage-gated K(+) channel with 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), barium, and tetraethylammonium inhibited both EGF- and insulin-stimulated myeloblastic leukemia ML-1 cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. Both MAPK/ERK ...
Tétreault Marie-Pier - - 2005
While several autocrine/paracrine growth factors (GFs) can all stimulate epithelial regeneration in experimentally wounded primary gastric cultures, clinical relevance for their non-redundant cooperative actions in human gastric ulcer healing is suggested by the sequential pattern of GF gene induction in vivo. Using new HGE cell lines able to form a ...
Albertin Giovanna - - 2005
The human adrenocortical carcinoma-derived SW-13 cell line is currently used to study the interrelationships occurring between cytokines and growth factors and endothelins (ET) and adrenomedullin (AM). SW-13 cells express either ET-1 and AM or growth factors, and several cytokines stimulate ET-1 and AM release from SW-13 cells. However, neither the ...
Ravid Dana - - 2005
Caveolin-1 is an essential structural constituent of caveolae that has been implicated in mitogenic signaling and oncogenesis. Utilizing MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, stably transfected with caveolin-1 (MCF-7/Cav1), we previously demonstrated that caveolin-1 expression decreases MCF-7 cell proliferation and colony formation in soft agar. However, the loss of anchorage-independent growth ...
Govindarajan Baskaran - - 2005
Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) comprise a family of growth factors strongly implicated in human oncogenesis. A number of human tumors overexpress PDGF family members or have translocations activating PDGF receptors. Whereas the epidemiologic evidence implicating PDGF in human tumors is strong, malignant transformation of human cells by overexpression of PDGF ...
Findlay Greg M - - 2005
Understanding the relationship between growth and proliferation in multicellular organisms requires identification of the key regulators of growth control, and an understanding of how they regulate growth and how growth is linked to cell proliferation. Recent progress in understanding the mechanisms of growth control indicates that the tuberous sclerosis complex ...
DeWald Daryll B - - 2005
Several molecules that suppress metastasis without suppressing tumorigenicity have been identified, but their mechanisms of action have not yet been determined. Many block growth at the secondary site, suggesting involvement in how cells respond to signals from the extracellular milieu. Breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 (BRMS1)-transfected MDA-MB-435 cells were examined ...
Almeida J P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is the enzyme that synthesizes palmitate from malonyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA. Recent studies have shown that FAS is overexpressed in human cancers and that its activity is necessary for cell proliferation. Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a genetic disease manifested as a progressive enlargement of the ...
Ovanesov M V - - 2005
Exposure of tissue factor (TF)-bearing cells to blood is the initial event in coagulation and intravascular thrombus formation. However, the mechanisms which determine thrombus growth remain poorly understood. To explore whether the procoagulant activity of vessel wall-bound cells regulates thrombus expansion, we studied in vitro spatial clot growth initiated by ...
Gwira Jane A - - 2005
Growth factors such as hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are highly up-regulated during development and following renal injury and are known to induce marked morphogenic actions in cultured tubular epithelial cells, including scattering, migration, single cell branching morphogenesis, and multicellular branching tubulogenesis. In the present study, we demonstrate that HGF stimulates ...
Miles, Lauren E. C.
[Truncated abstract] It is becoming increasingly obvious that cell signalling pathways are more complicated than we originally perceived. Research is revealing that, not only is there a multitude of new proteins involved in signalling cascades, but also that previously identified proteins may have additional, alternate roles in intracellular trafficking. Gonadotropin-releasing ...
Filipponi, Luisa
The understanding and control of cell growth in confined microenvironments has application to a variety of fields including cell biosensor development, medical device fabrication, and pathogen control. While the majority of work in these areas has focused on mammalian and bacterial cell growth, this study reports on the growth behavior ...
Kobayashi C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The techniques to isolate and purify retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells from small piece of autologous tissues are extremely difficult, and it is important to develop an efficient cell culture technique for RPE cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 3T3-J2 cells and conditioned ...
Mukohara Toru - - 2005
The majority of malignant pleural mesotheliomas (MPMs) aberrantly express the epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB1). We examined the efficacy of GW572016 (lapatinib), a dual inhibitor of ErbB1/ErbB2 with a panel of 10 MPM cell lines. Two of the 10 MPM cell lines, H2373 and H2452, underwent G1/S cell cycle arrest ...
Kameda Takashi - - 2005
In living bodies, there are many cell-cell interactions, including epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, to control cell growth and differentiation, and disturbances to such systems are believed to be a critical reason for many diseases, including cancer. Recently, many growth factors mediating epithelial- mesenchymal interactions have been revealed by molecular biological research. These ...
Fitzgerald Justine S - - 2005
During the first trimester of pregnancy, well-differentiated primary cells of the placenta known as trophoblast cells grow in an invasive and destructive fashion similar to malignancies, but limited in space and time. The comparison of trophoblast cells with their malignant counterpart, human choriocarcinoma cells, offers an attractive model to understand ...
Yang Jia-Lin - - 2005
Interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) treatment is associated with up-regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (HER1/EGFR) expression and marked growth inhibition while maintaining the sensitivity of the target colon cancer cells to epidermal growth factor (Gut 2004;53:123). We aimed to determine the effect of combining IFNalpha and Erlotinib (an HER1/EGFR inhibitor) on colon ...
Hasson Eilat - - 2005
We here propose an alternative cell therapy approach to induce angiogenesis. We prepared small organ fragments whose geometry allows preservation of the natural epithelial/mesenchymal interactions and ensures appropriate diffusion of nutrients and gases to all cells. Fragments derived from lung are shown to behave as fairly independent units, to undergo ...
Mishra Suresh - - 2004
To investigate insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-independent effects of IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), T47D cells were enriched for a population of cells that expressed binding sites for biotinylated-IGFBP-3 by panning on streptavidin-coated plate. Proliferation of cell enriched for IGFBP-3 binding sites was significantly inhibited by IGFBP-3, whereas IGFBP-3 had no significant ...
King Jeffery L - - 2004
PURPOSE: Müller cells are present in diabetic fibrocontractive ocular tissues and generate tractional forces in response to insulin-like growth factors. Recent studies indicate that diabetes-associated increases in vitreous insulin-like growth factor activity are, in part, attributable to changes in insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs). The objectives of this study ...
Song Hee-Kyung - - 2004
In a previous report, we showed that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is a signal produced by epidermal placode cells during feather development and that this growth factor can induce feathers in scaleless mutant skins that fail to form feathers due to a defective epidermis (Song et al., [1996] Proc Natl ...
Jee Shiou-Hwa - - 2004
We have previously demonstrated a xenograft of interleukin-6 (IL-6) overexpressing basal cell carcinoma (BCC) cell line induced tumors with high vasculature in nude mice. Here we asked whether IL-6 could induce angiogenic activity in BCC cell line. Tenfold concentrated conditioned medium (CM) from IL-6 overexpressing BCC cells exhibited higher angiogenic ...
Giannelli G - - 2004
Prognosis and survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still very poor, and no therapies are currently available to inhibit tumour growth and metastases. Recently, we reported that the expression of an extracellular matrix component (ECM), namely Laminin-5 (Ln-5), is directly related to poor prognosis in HCC patients. The ...
Cirri P - - 2005
Cellular behavior can be considered to be the result of a very complex spatial and temporal integration of intracellular and extracellular signals. These signals arise from serum-soluble factors as well as from cell-substrate or cell-cell interactions. The current approach in mitogenesis studies is generally to analyze the effect of a ...
Gubbay O - - 2004
The majority of ovarian cancers (>90%) are believed to derive from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE); a single layer covering the entire surface of the ovary. At ovulation, the OSE cell layer undergoes an inflammatory response, involving cell death and growth, in order to overcome ovarian surface rupture. Abnormalities during ...
Higashi Kyohei - - 2004
Following the report that agmatine has an anti-proliferative effect on cell growth through induction of antizyme [Satriano et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 15313-15316], we examined the effects of 16 different diamines on cell growth. Many diamines had little or no effect on cell growth, but agmatine and 1,6-hexanediamine ...
Valverde Angela M - - 2004
Fetal brown adipocytes are insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) target cells. To assess the importance of the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) in brown adipocytes during fetal life, we have generated immortalized brown adipocyte cell lines from the IGF-IR(-/-) mice. Using this experimental model, we demonstrate that the lack of IGF-IR in fetal ...
Robin Philippe - - 2005
Endothelin (ET)-1 is a mitogenic factor in numerous cell types, including rat myometrial cells. In the present study, we investigated the potential role of ET-1 in the proliferation of tumoral uterine smooth muscle cells (ELT-3 cells). We found that ET-1 exerted a more potent mitogenic effect in ELT-3 cells than ...
Osadchy Alla - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The intensive interactions of myeloma cells (multiple myeloma, MM) with microenvironmental components of the bone marrow contribute significantly to their proliferation and survival. It has been shown that these signals confer drug resistance, delineating their circumvention as a primary objective in disease treatment. This study was designed to assess ...
Nuki Yoshitsugu - - 2004
A cell line designated NYGM was established from a human cerebral glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) obtained from a 75-year-old Japanese woman. The cell line has grown slowly without interruption and has been propagated continuously by serial passages (more than 80 passage) during the past 3 years. The cultured cells were fusiform ...
Satcher Robert L RL - - 2004
Contact between bone cells and cancer cells (heterotypic cell contact) is thought to play a central role in the initial growth and progression of metastatic cells. Attempts at studying heterotypic contact in vitro and in vivo have been confounded by difficulty in controlling how and when heterotypic contact occurs between ...
Satoh Hiroaki - - 2004
Gefitinib ("Iressa", ZD1839) is a selective epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which blocks signal transduction pathways implicated in proliferation and survival of cancer cells. However, in vitro and in vivo studies concerning cell growth after withdrawal of gefitinib are limited. To determine whether cancer cells would resume proliferation upon ...
Sun Hongzhi - - 2004
32D IGF-I receptor (IR) cells are IL-3-dependent myeloid cells that can be induced to differentiate into granulocytes by IGF-I. Like the parental 32D cells, 32D IGF-IR cells do not express the insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 or IRS-2. We investigated the effect of ectopic expression of IRS-2 in 32D IGF-IR cells. ...
Pitt Nigel - - 2004
Compounds that alter endothelial cell growth are of interest in the development of angiogenesis modulators. A structurally diverse series of saccharide derivatives (glycosylamide conjugates) have been synthesized and evaluated for their effects on bovine aortic endothelial cell (BAEC) growth. Heparin-albumin (HA) reduced BAEC growth by 32% at 10 microg/mL and ...
Slomiany Mark G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To examine insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 stimulation of expression of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1 alpha and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3 in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell line D407. METHODS: D407 cells cultured in dishes or Transwell inserts were treated with ...
Kawata Takefumi - - 2004
Two factors that exist in conditioned medium (CM) of Dictyostelium discoideum induce amoebae to differentiate into prespore cells when they are incubated at a very low cell density in submerged monolayer culture. Previously, we purified one of them, a glycoprotein factor with an apparent molecular mass of 106 kDa, and ...
Burrus Jason K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The apical surface of polarized epithelial cells is relatively resistant to gene delivery by various agents including adenoviral vectors. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) dedifferentiates previously well-polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell monolayers by altering cell-surface polarity and inhibiting tight junction function. METHODS: We used an in vitro model of ...
Hollborn Margrit - - 2004
PURPOSE: The retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are mitotically inactive under normal conditions, but play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Triggered by changes in the concentrations of growth factors, RPE cells reenter the cell cycle, proliferate, and migrate onto the retinal surface, into the subretinal ...
Tjin Esther P M - - 2004
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a common hematologic neoplasm consisting of malignant plasma cells, which expand in the bone marrow. A potential key signal in the evolution of MM is hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which acts as a potent paracrine and/or autocrine growth factor and survival factor for MM cells. Proteolytic ...
Russo Vincenzo C - - 2004
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is a key regulator of cell growth, survival and differentiation, and these functions are co-modulated by other growth factors including fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2). To investigate IGF/FGF interactions in neuronal cells, we employed neuroblastoma cells (SK-N-MC). In serum free conditions proliferation of the SK-N-MC ...
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