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Results 301 - 350 of 1719
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Boldis Vojtech - - 2010
Ticks transmit many different pathogens to animals, humans and their pets. Rickettsia slovaca, as a member of the spotted-fever-group rickettsiae is an agent of the human disease Tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA), also called Dermacentor-borne necrosis erythema and lymphadenopathy (DEBONEL), which occurs from the Mediterranean to central Europe, transmitted by Dermacentor reticulatus ...
Ruiz-Ramos Ruben - - 2009
There is limited available information on the effects of arsenic on enzymes participating in the folate cycle. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the effects of sodium arsenite on the protein levels of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and its further relationship with the expression MT1/2 and c-myc ...
Wang Lei - - 2010
The cell cycle plays a crucial role in many cellular physiological processes and has drawn an increasing interest in past decades. In the current study, we have developed a bioelectronic chip-based system capable of performing real-time dynamic analysis of the cell cycle in live cells via non-invasive cellular impedance sensing. ...
Tamura Namiko - - 2009
PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) alpha has been implicated in phagocytosis and fluid-phase pinocytosis in macrophages. The subtype-specific role of PI3K in these processes is poorly understood. To elucidate this issue, we made Raw 264.7 cells (a mouse leukaemic monocyte-macrophage cell line) deficient in each of the class-I PI3K catalytic subunits: p110alpha, ...
Takahashi Naoto - - 2009
A new epidemic, NTED, has recently occurred in Japan. The cause of NTED is a bacterial superantigen, TSST-1. The aim of the present study was to analyze the change in Vbeta2(+) T cells reactive to TSST-1 in NTED in order to establish T-cell-targeted diagnostic criteria for NTED. Blood samples from ...
Cai Li - - 2009
To investigate effect of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition on the proliferation of CT26 cells in vitro and the mechanism of this effect. CT26 cells were treated with a range of concentrations of 5-Aminoisoquinolin-1-one (PARP inhibitor) in vitro. MTT assays and flow cytometry were used to determine the proliferation and cell ...
Castro G A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Porcine skin gelatine presented anti-tumoral effect on murine hepatoma cells (MH134), inducing programmed cell death (apoptosis). Whey proteins (mainly lactoferrin) have been investigated for cancer prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the inhibitory capacity on melanoma cells (B16F10) proliferation and the influence on % distribution of cell cycle phases, ...
Tavana H - - 2009
Microscale biopatterning enables regulation of cell-material interactions and cell shape, and enables multiplexed high-throughput studies in a cell- and reagent-efficient manner. The majority of available techniques rely on physical contact of a stamp, pin, or mask with mainly a dry surface. Inkjet and piezoelectric printing is carried out in a ...
Tsukamoto Masatoshi - - 2009
We generated an aqueous two-phase laminar flow in a microfluidic chip and used the system to isolate leukocyte and erythrocyte cells from whole blood cells. The microfluidic system reduced the effect of gravity in the aqueous two-phase system (ATPS). Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and dextran (Dex) solutions were used as the ...
Maurer Margarita - - 2009
Roscovitine (ROSC), a selective blocker of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) efficiently inhibits proliferation of exponentially growing human MCF-7 breast cancer cells by induction of cell cycle arrest and p53-mediated apoptosis. ROSC blocks MCF-7 cells in G(2) phase in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. However, ROSC exerts a much weaker antiproliferative effect ...
Benbadis Laurent - - 2009
High-level production of bioethanol (140 g L(-1) in 45 h) in aerated fed-batch cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was shown to be linked to the length of a production phase uncoupled to the growth. The induction of this phase was characterized by metabolic and morphologic changes reminiscent of those occurring in ...
Parent Boris - - 2009
A precise knowledge of the temporal and spatial distributions of cell division and tissue expansion is essential for appropriate leaf sampling in omics studies and for analyses of plant-environment relations. Elongating leaves of rice were studied during their whole development for elongation rate, distribution of cell length, cell production rate ...
Wang Hongyan - - 2009
PURPOSE: S-phase cells are more resistant to low-linear energy transfer (LET) ionizing radiation (IR) than nonsynchronized and G(1)-phase cells, because both nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination repair can repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in the S phase. Although it was reported 3 decades ago that S-phase cells did not ...
Lau Eric E The Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2009
The DNA replication machinery plays additional roles in S phase checkpoint control, although the identities of the replication proteins involved in checkpoint activation remain elusive. Here, we report that depletion of the prereplicative complex (pre-RC) protein Cdc6 causes human nontransformed diploid cells to arrest nonlethally in G1-G1/S and S phase, ...
Sengupta Srikumar - - 2009
Human embryonic stem (ES) cells exhibit a shorter G(1) cell cycle phase than most somatic cells. Here, we examine the role of an abundant, human ES cell-enriched microRNA, miR-92b, in cell cycle distribution. Inhibition of miR-92b in human ES cells results in a greater number of cells in the G(1) ...
Tsai Yuan-Chin - - 2009
G-quadruplex stabilizers such as telomestatin and HXDV bind with exquisite specificity to G-quadruplexes, but not to triplex, duplex, or single-stranded DNAs. Studies have suggested that the antiproliferative and possibly anti-tumor activities of these compounds are linked to their inhibitory effect on telomerase and/or telomere function. In the current studies, we ...
Cameron D Bryant - - 2009
In the adult cerebellum, basket/stellate cells are scattered throughout the ML, but little is known about the process underlying the cell dispersion. To determine the allocation of stellate/basket cells within the ML, we examined their migration in the early postnatal mouse cerebellum. We found that after entering the ML, basket/stellate ...
Weder Gilles - - 2009
Force spectroscopy has been used to measure the adhesion of Saos-2 cells to a glass surface at different phases of the cell cycle. The cells were synchronized in three phases of the cell cycle: G(1), S, and G(2)M. Cells in these phases were compared with unsynchronized and native mitotic cells. ...
Sukhi Shibani S - - 2009
Deinococcus species exhibit an extraordinary ability to withstand ionizing radiation (IR). Most of the studies on radiation resistance have been carried out with exponential phase cells. The studies on radiation resistance of Deinococcus radiodurans R1 with respect to different phases of growth showed that late stationary phase cells of D. ...
Freiburghaus C - - 2009
Food components modify the risk of cancer at a large number of sites but the mechanism of action is unknown. In the present investigation, we studied the effect of the peptide lactoferricin derived from bovine milk lactoferrin on human colon cancer CaCo-2 cells. The cells were either untreated or treated ...
Watanabe Machika - - 2009
To obtain a comprehensive understanding of the budding phase transition, 4,711 Saccharomyces cerevisiae haploid nonessential gene deletion mutants were screened with the image processing program CalMorph, and 35 mutants with a round bud and 173 mutants with an elongated bud were statistically identified. We classified round and elongated bud mutants ...
Huang J - - 2009
The contribution of two blue-green algae species, Anabaena flos-aquae and Microcystis aeruginosa, to the formation of trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs) was investigated. The experiments examined the formation potential of these disinfection by-products (DBPs) from both algae cells and extracellular organic matter (EOM) during four algal growth phases. Algal ...
Ueoka Reiko - - 2009
Azaspiracid-2 was isolated from a marine sponge Echinoclathria sp. collected off Amami-Oshima as the predominant cytotoxic constituent. A combination of HPLC using ODS, GS320, and Phenylhexyl stationary phases permitted the purification without using acid or inorganic additives in the mobile phase. Azaspiracid-2 exhibited potent cytotoxicity against P388 cells with an ...
Laguerre Laurent - - 2009
The sense organs of the posterior lateral line system (neuromasts) are formed by a migrating primordium. In zebrafish, the primordium comprises approximately 100 cells at the onset of migration, and has deposited approximately 300 cells by the end of the process. Here, we report localized phases of mitotic activity and ...
Hong Christian I - - 2009
Robust oscillatory behaviors are common features of circadian and cell cycle rhythms. These cyclic processes, however, behave distinctively in terms of their periods and phases in response to external influences such as light, temperature, nutrients, etc. Nevertheless, several links have been found between these two oscillators. Cell division cycles gated ...
Theys T E - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this study was to extract information on cell number and colony volume dynamics of Salmonella Typhimurium colonies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Both cell number and colony volume of Salmonella Typhimurium in gelatin were monitored during the exponential and the stationary phase with varying pH and water activity, ...
Hara Masatoshi - - 2009
A key event in the oocyte-to-embryo transition is the start of the embryonic mitotic cell cycle. Prior to this start, the cell cycle in oocytes is generally arrested at a particular stage during meiosis, and the meiotic arrest is released by fertilization. However, it remains unclear how release from the ...
P. Praveen, Boppana V. ...
In this paper, a new approach for cell formation that integrates machine grouping and layout design, neglecting part-family formation, has been presented. The procedure includes four phases. In Phase 1, primary cells are formed by dividing operations into three ranges. Phase 2 involves redesigning of primary cells for minimisation of ...
Charvin G - - 2009
Phase-locking (frequency entrainment) of an oscillator, in which a periodic extrinsic signal drives oscillations at a frequency different from the unperturbed frequency, is a useful property for study of oscillator stability and structure. The cell cycle is frequently described as a biochemical oscillator; however, because this oscillator is tied to ...
Tokumitsu Ayako - - 2009
The simultaneous determination of the cell cycle phase of individual adherent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) using a fluorescence microscope after staining with 4',6-diamidine-2'-phenylindole dihydrochloride and bromodeoxyuridine and the laser phase shift by phase-shifting laser microscopy (PLM) revealed that the laser phase shift of cells in the G(2)/M phase was markedly ...
Wang XiaoQi - - 2009
For mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, the importance of the S and G(2) cell cycle checkpoints for genomic integrity is increased by the absence of the G(1) checkpoint. We have investigated ionizing radiation (IR)-mediated cell cycle checkpoints in undifferentiated and retinoic acid-differentiated human embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. Like mouse ES ...
Kolodkin-Gal Ilana - - 2009
Escherichia coli mazEF is a toxin-antitoxin gene module that mediates cell death during exponential-phase cellular growth through either reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent or ROS-independent pathways. Here, we found that the stationary-phase sigma factor sigma(S) was responsible for the resistance to mazEF-mediated cell death during stationary growth phase. Deletion of rpoS, ...
Kim Choong - - 2009
This paper describes a microfluidic device for the microencapsulation of cells in alginate beads to enhance cell viability. The alginate droplet including cells was gelified with calcified oleic acid, using two-phase microfluidics. The on-chip gelation had generated monodisperse spherical alginate beads, which could not be readily obtained via conventional external ...
Han Bing - - 2009
Slow growth and relatively low cell densities of methanotrophs have limited their uses in industrial applications. In this study, a novel method for rapid cultivation of Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b was studied by adding a water-immiscible organic solvent in the medium. Paraffin oil was the most effective at enhancing cell growth ...
Váchová Libuse - - 2009
Microorganisms in nature form organized multicellular structures (colonies, biofilms) possessing properties absent in individual cells. These are often related to the better ability of communities to survive long-lasting starvation and stress and include mechanisms of adaptation and cell specialization. Thus, yeast colonies pass through distinct developmental phases characterized by changes ...
Koizumi Yukio - - 2009
Recent progress in cancer biology research has shown that abnormal proliferation in tumor cells can be attributed to aberrations in cell cycle regulation, especially in G₁ phase. During the course of searching for microbial metabolites that affect cell cycle distribution, we have found that simaomicin α, a polycyclic xanthone antibiotic, ...
Wen Jia - - 2009
Changes in barotolerance, thermotolerance, and cellular morphology throughout the life cycle of Listeria monocytogenes were investigated. For part 1 of this analysis, L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115 was grown to log, stationary, death, and long-term-survival phases at 35 degrees C in tryptic soy broth with yeast extract (TSBYE). Cells were diluted ...
Mori Tetsushi - - 2009
Specific molecular events, characteristic of each cell-cycle phase may have direct effect to the functionality of nuclear receptors. Based on this understanding, the evaluation of lipophilic chemicals at the different cell-cycle phases is significant and should be considered. In order to achieve the aim of performing large-scale dose-response analysis on ...
Tel-Zur Noemi - - 2009
Floral development of the synchronous dichogamous species Ziziphus mauritiana, as followed by light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), was divided into 11 stages using a series of landmark events. Main cellular events happen synchronously in the female and the male structures, such as meiosis in micro- and macrosporocyte cells, tetrad ...
Hauff Kristin - - 2009
CL (cardiolipin) is a key phospholipid involved in ATP generation. Since progression through the cell cycle requires ATP we examined regulation of CL synthesis during S-phase in human cells and investigated whether CL or CL synthesis was required to support nucleotide synthesis in S-phase. HeLa cells were made quiescent by ...
Madhupratap, M.
A thick bloom of the marine prymnesiophycean, Phaeocystis globosa was observed in the central Arabian Sea during the summer monsoon period (July-August, 1996). The cells were mostly in colonial form, embedded in gelatinous matrics. The cell diameter was approximately 7 mu m and showed a distinct double feature form. The ...
Perillo-Adamer F - - 2009
Aim: 125I-iododeoxyuridine is a potential Auger radiation therapy agent. Its incorporation in DNA of proliferating cells is enhanced by fluorodeoxyuridine. Here, we evaluated therapeutic activities of 125I-iododeoxyuridine in an optimized fluorodeoxyuridine pre-treatment inducing S-phase synchronization. Methods: After S-phase synchronization by fluorodeoxyuridine, cells were treated with 125I-iododeoxyuridine. Apoptosis analysis and S-phase ...
Kuystermans Darrin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the increase in maximal cell numbers for the production of mammalian derived biologics has been in a large part due to the development of optimal feeding strategies. Engineering of the cell line is one of probable approaches for increasing cell numbers in bioreactor. RESULTS: We ...
Ersoy Ilker - - 2009
Current chemical biology methods for studying spatiotemporal correlation between biochemical networks and cell cycle phase progression in live-cells typically use fluorescence-based imaging of fusion proteins. Stable cell lines expressing fluorescently tagged protein GFP-PCNA produce rich, dynamically varying sub-cellular foci patterns characterizing the cell cycle phases, including the progress during the ...
Li Fuhai - - 2009
Phase-contrast microscopy is a common approach for studying the dynamics of cell behaviors, such as cell migration. Cell segmentation is the basis of quantitative analysis of the immense cellular images. However, the complicated cell morphological appearance in phase-contrast microscopy images challenges the existing segmentation methods. This paper proposes a new ...
Ersoy Ilker - - 2009
Current chemical biology methods for studying spatiotemporal correlation between biochemical networks and cell cycle phase progression in live-cells typically use fluorescence-based imaging of fusion proteins. Stable cell lines expressing fluorescently tagged protein GFP-PCNA produce rich, dynamically varying sub-cellular foci patterns characterizing the cell cycle phases, including the progress during the ...
Bokor Attila - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that menstruation is associated with a higher concentration of endometrial cells in peritoneal fluid(PF) and with increased white and red blood cell concentration in PF when compared to nonmenstrual phases of the cycle. PF was obtained at laparoscopy from 107 ...
Edelbrock Michael A - - 2009
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) within human cells is hypothesized to occur primarily at the replication fork. However, experimental models measuring MMR activity at specific phases of the cell cycle and during genomic DNA synthesis are lacking. We have investigated MMR activity within the nuclear environment of HeLa cells after enriching ...
Sakaue-Sawano Asako - - 2008
The APC(Cdh1) E3 ligase is active in the late M and G(1) phases. Geminin is a direct substrate of the APC(Cdh1) complex, and accumulates during the S, G(2), and M phases. By fusing the amino-terminal region of Geminin to fluorescent proteins, we have developed cell cycle markers that accumulate in ...
Calzada Javier - - 2009
Biodesulfurization was monitored in a recombinant Pseudomonas putida CECT5279 strain. DszB desulfinase activity reached a sharp maximum at the early exponential phase, but it rapidly decreased at later growth phases. A model two-step resting-cell process combining sequentially P. putida cells from the late and early exponential growth phases was designed ...
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