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Results 251 - 300 of 1719
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Kharat Kiran R - - 2010
Poekilocerus pictus is a painted grasshopper, which feeds on Calotropis sp. containing the cardiac glycosides. A new cell line BPH22 is developed from midgut of P. pictus to study its unique physiology and biochemistry. Initially, the Graces insect medium is used with 10% (v/v) fetal bovine serum. After four passages, ...
Lorvellec Maëlle M Institute of Biomedical Research, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United - - 2010
A common feature of early embryo cells from the inner cell mass (ICM) and of ESCs is an absolute dependence on an atypical cell cycle in which the G1 phase is shortened to preserve their self-renewing and pluripotent nature. The transcription factor B-Myb has been attributed a role in proliferation, ...
Johnson Michael - - 2011
IQGAP1 is a plasma membrane-associated protein and an important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton, contributing to cell migration, polarity and adhesion. In this study, we demonstrate the nuclear translocation of IQGAP1 using confocal microscopy and cell fractionation. Moreover, we identify a specific pool of IQGAP1 that accumulates in the nucleus ...
Kim Minji M Department of Anatomy, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, - - 2010
Tubule formation in vitro using Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells consists mainly of two processes. First, the cells undergo a partial epithelial-mesenchymal transition (pEMT), losing polarity and migrating. Second, the cells redifferentiate, forming cords and then tubules with continuous lumens. We have shown previously that extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation ...
Zhong Weihong - - 2011
In a water-organic solvent, two-phase conversion system, CoQ(10) could be produced directly from solanesol and para-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHB) by free cells of Sphingomonas sp. ZUTE03 and CoQ(10) concentration in the organic solvent phase was significantly higher than that in the cell. CoQ(10) yield reached a maximal value of 60.8 mg l(-1) in ...
Su Yuan-Deng - - 2010
This study utilized a developed surface plasmon polariton (SPP) phase microscopy to observe cell-biosubstrate contacts. The developed SPP phase microscopy is highly sensitive to cell membrane contact with biosubstrates and also provides long-term phase stability to achieve time-lapse living cell observation. As such, an SPP intensity and phase sensitivity comparison ...
Sjøholm Ole R - - 2010
Mineralisation capability was studied in the 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM)-degrading Aminobacter sp. MSH1 under growth-arrested conditions. Cells were starved in mineral salts (MS) solution or groundwater before (14)C-labelled BAM (0.1mM) was added. Cell physiology was monitored with a panel of vitality stains combined with flow cytometry to differentiate intact, depolarised and dead cells. ...
Lee Hyun O - - 2010
DNA synthesis-coupled proteolysis of the prereplicative complex component Cdt1 by the CRL4(Cdt2) E3 ubiquitin ligase is thought to help prevent rereplication of the genome during S phase. To directly test whether CRL4(Cdt2)-triggered destruction of Cdt1 is required for normal cell cycle progression in vivo, we expressed a mutant version of ...
Inaba Nobuharu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Malignant glioma is one of the most intractable diseases in the human body. Rho-kinase (ROCK) is overexpressed and has been proposed as the main cause for the refractoriness of the disease. Since efficacious treatment is required, this study investigated the effect of inhibition of ROCK isoforms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Ward William O - - 2010
The Salmonella mutagenicity assay can be performed using cells that are in different growth phases. Thus, the plate-incorporation assay involves plating stationary-phase cells with the mutagen, after which the cells undergo a brief lag phase and, consequently, are exposed to the mutagen and undergo mutagenesis while in the logarithmic (log) ...
Kronbak Remy - - 2010
Consumption of cruciferous vegetables and cancer prevention seem to be positively associated. We present an easy two-step synthesis for 4-methoxyindole-3-carbinol (4MeOI3C), the expected breakdown product of 4-methoxyglucobrassicin during ingestion. 4MeOI3C inhibited the proliferation of human colon cancer cells DLD-1 and HCT 116 with IC(50) values of 116 microM and 96 ...
Kroukamp Otini - - 2010
Biofilm formation renders sessile microbial populations growing in continuous-flow systems less susceptible to variation in dilution rate than planktonic cells, where dilution rates exceeding an organism's maximum growth rate (micro(max)) results in planktonic cell washout. In biofilm-dominated systems, the biofilm's overall micro(max) may therefore be more relevant than the organism's ...
Ng Sze-Ying - - 2010
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) possess two unique characteristics: self-renewal and pluripotency. In this study, roles of voltage-gated potassium channels (K(v)) in maintaining mouse (m) ESC characteristics were investigated. Tetraethylammonium (TEA(+)), a K(v) blocker, attenuated cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. Possible reasons for this attenuation, including cytotoxicity, cell cycle arrest ...
Sonobe Seiji - - 2010
Pyrobaculum islandicum is a hyperthermophilic archaeon. P. islandicum cells have been suggested to multiply by constriction, budding and branching, as no septa were observed in cells by phase-contrast light microscopy. In this study, we observed the cells using transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and light microscopy with dark-field image ...
Kardum-Skelin Ika - - 2010
The study consisted of morphometric analysis, assessment of the argyrophilic nucleolar organization region (AgNOR) characteristics, and image cytometry (ICM) in different tumor mass compartments: bone marrow (BM), peripheral blood (PB) and lymph nodes (LN) from patients with chronic leukemic lymphoproliferative disorders. A total of 71895 cells were analyzed on SFORM ...
Tyagi Amit Kumar - - 2010
Inhibition of Candida albicans growth was shown by lemon grass oil (LGO) and lemon grass oil vapour (LGO vapour) at 288microg/ml and 32.7microg/ml concentration, respectively. The assessment of cell damage by LGO and LGO vapour was done through scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and atomic force microscope ...
Kaimer Christine - - 2010
CinA is a conserved bacterial protein that has been reported to play an important role during competence in Streptococcus pneumoniae by recruiting the RecA protein to the cell membrane. Here, we provide information on the homologous CinA in Bacillus subtilis. We found that the synthesis of CinA is upregulated during ...
Deckbar Dorothee D Radiation Biology and DNA Repair, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt, - - 2010
It has been proposed that the G(1)-S checkpoint is the critical regulator of genomic stability, preventing the cell cycle progression of cells with a single DNA double-strand break. Using fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis of asynchronous cells and microscopic analysis of asynchronous and synchronized cells, we show that full blockage of ...
Tokumitsu Ayako - - 2010
The noninvasive discrimination of cancer cells from normal cells in adherent culture by the measuring of the phase shift using phase-shifting laser microscopy (PLM) was investigated with the aim of noninvasive quality control of cell processing for transplantation. A human prostatic carcinoma epithelial cell line (PC-3) and human hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Bernardini Sergio - - 2010
The regenerative neurogenesis of the optic tectum of larval Xenopus laevis has been studied analyzing the proliferative and morphogenetic phases of the regeneration process after removal of one optic lobe. To this end, short-term and long-term pulses were carried out using the thymidine analog BrdU, selectively incorporated into cells during ...
Shi Lei L Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9038, - - 2010
When conditions are unfavorable, virtually all living cells have the capability of entering a resting state termed quiescence or G0. Many aspects of the quiescence program as well as the mechanisms governing the entry and exit from quiescence remain poorly understood. Previous studies using the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have ...
Bonifas Jutta - - 2010
N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1)-mediated N-acetylation in keratinocytes is an important detoxification pathway for the hair dye ingredient para-phenylenediamine (PPD). Because NAT1 can be regulated by various exogenous compounds, including some NAT1 substrates themselves, we investigated NAT1 expression in keratinocytes and the interactions between PPD and NAT1. NAT1 activity was found to ...
Tashiro Yosuke - - 2010
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other Gram-negative bacteria release membrane vesicles (MVs) from their surfaces, and MVs have an ability to interact with bacterial cells. Although it has been known that many bacteria have mechanisms that control their phenotypes with the transition from exponential phase to stationary phase, changes of properties in ...
Thévoz Patrick P Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, - - 2010
We report the first use of ultrasonic standing waves to achieve cell cycle phase synchronization in mammalian cells in a high-throughput and reagent-free manner. The acoustophoretic cell synchronization (ACS) device utilizes volume-dependent acoustic radiation force within a microchannel to selectively purify target cells of desired phase from an asynchronous mixture ...
Brunner Juergen - - 2010
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) summarizes a group of inflammatory diseases of childhood. The etiology remains still unclear. In JIA, T cells have been demonstrated to play key roles in the pathogenesis. T-cell proliferation in JIA may be different in the peripheral blood (PB) and the synovial fluid (SF). The aim ...
Sommer J Ulrich - - 2010
As the ex vivo lifetime of nasal ciliary cells is limited, these cells have to be transferred to a culture medium for analysis with vital cytology immediately. Although the ciliary beat frequency (CBF) is likely to change over time, sufficient data regarding changes in the ex vivo CBF has not ...
Liu Hongyan - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Enterococcus faecalis is commonly associated with persistent periapical infections. The physiologic state of the cells in the canal is probably closest to the starvation state. However, the biofilm formation capability of starved E. faecalis cells on human dentin and the susceptibility of the biofilm to 5.25% sodium hypochlorite remain ...
Takeda Kojiro - - 2010
Regulations of proliferation and quiescence in response to nutritional cues are important for medicine and basic biology. The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe serves as a model, owing to the shift of proliferating cells to the metabolically active quiescence (designate G0 phase hereafter) by responding to low nitrogen source. S. pombe ...
Ogiso Hideo - - 2010
Phosphatidylinositol phosphates (PtdInsPs) are present within the nucleus, as well as in the membrane. In this mass spectrometry study, different acyl-containing species of endonuclear PtdInsPs were analyzed in order to clearly understand the role of individual molecular species. A (34:1) acyl-containing phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate [PtdInsP(2)(34:1)] and PtdInsP(2)(36:1) were preferentially detected in ...
Lever Colin - - 2010
The mechanism supporting the role of the hippocampal formation in novelty detection remains controversial. A comparator function has been variously ascribed to CA1 or subiculum, whereas the theta rhythm has been suggested to separate neural firing into encoding and retrieval phases. We investigated theta phase of firing in principal cells ...
Simpson-Lavy Kobi J - - 2010
The APC/C (anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome) discovered exactly 15 years ago by Avram Heshko and Marc Kirschner is by far the most complex ubiquitin ligase discovered so far. The APC/C is composed of roughly a dozen subunits and measures a massive 1.5 MDa. This huge complex, as well as its multiple modes ...
Olivero Ofelia A - - 2010
The antiretroviral efficacy of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) is dependent upon intracellular mono-, di-, and triphosphorylation and incorporation into DNA in place of thymidine. Thymidine kinase 1 (TK-1) catalyzes the first step of this pathway. MOLT-3, human lymphoblastoid cells, were exposed to AZT continuously for 14 passages (P(1)-P(14)) and cultured for an ...
Hinrichsen Robert D - - 2010
The heavy metal cadmium is a dangerous environmental toxicant that can be lethal to humans and other organisms. This paper demonstrates that cadmium is lethal to the ciliated protozoan Paramecium tetraurelia and that a circadian clock modulates the sensitivity of the cells to cadmium. Various concentrations of cadmium were shown ...
Cui Jinfeng - - 2010
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin commonly found in several food commodities worldwide. OTA exposure was involved in the nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity as well as immunotoxicity in experimental model. Our previous study showed that the high level of OTA contamination in wheat might be related to the high incidence of gastric ...
Wan Jennifer Man-Fan - - 2010
Polysaccharopeptide (PSP) from Coriolus versicolor (Yunzhi) is used as a supplementary cancer treatment in Asia. The present study aims to investigate whether PSP pre-treatment can increase the response of the human leukemia HL-60 cells to apoptosis induction by Camptothecin (CPT). We used bivariate bromodeoxyuridine/propidium iodide (BrdUrd/PI) flow cytometry analysis to ...
Kotogány Edit - - 2010
Progress in plant cell cycle research is highly dependent on reliable methods for detection of cells replicating DNA. Frequency of S-phase cells (cells in DNA synthesis phase) is a basic parameter in studies on the control of cell division cycle and the developmental events of plant cells. Here we extend ...
Shaw Alex - - 2010
The control of DNA replication is of fundamental importance as cell proliferation demands that identical copies of the genetic material are passed to the two daughter cells that form during mitosis. These genetic copies are generated in the preceding S phase, where the entire DNA complement of the mother cell ...
Sandri Giuseppina - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop cyclosporine A (CsA) loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) associated with chitosan (CS), to improve interaction and internalization in corneal cells. The SLN were prepared using high shear homogenization and ultrasound methods with CS in the aqueous phase. The lipid phase was based ...
Adema A D - - 2010
To bypass resistance due to limited entry into the cell derivatives of cytarabine (CP-4055, elacytarabine) and gemcitabine (CP-4126) containing a fatty acid chain at the 5' position of the nucleoside were developed. CP-4055 showed an increased retention of the active metabolite, the triphosphate. This characteristic was supposed to favor combinations, ...
Ruela-de-Sousa R R - - 2010
Natural-food-based compounds show substantial promise for prevention and biotherapy of cancers including leukemia. In general, their mechanism of action remains unclear, hampering rational use of these compounds. Herein we show that the common dietary flavonoid apigenin has anticancer activity, but also may decrease chemotherapy sensitivity, depending on the cell type. ...
Kaur Manpreet - - 2010
Mcm10 protein is essential for initiation and elongation phases of replication. Human cells proteolyze Mcm10 during mitosis, presumably to ensure a single round of replication. It has been proposed that anaphase promoting complex ubiquitinates Mcm10 in late M and early G1 phases. In contrast to the previous work, we report ...
Meresman Gabriela F - - 2010
Various endometrial abnormalities have been associated with luteal phase deficiency: a significant dyssynchrony in the maturation of the glandular epithelium and the stroma and a prevalence of out-of-phase endometrial biopsy specimens. Out-of phase endometrium is a controversial disorder related to failed implantation, infertility and early pregnancy loss. Given that the ...
Fenton Andrew Karl - - 2010
We studied the two mreB genes, encoding actinlike cytoskeletal elements, in the predatory bacterium Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. This bacterium enters and replicates within other Gram-negative bacteria by attack-phase Bdellovibrio squeezing through prey outer membrane, residing and growing filamentously in the prey periplasm forming an infective "bdelloplast," and septating after 4 h, ...
Moser Lea - - 2010
The 2007 European larch (Larix decidua Mill.) growing season was monitored along two elevational transects in the L?tschental valley in the Swiss Alps. Phenological observations and weekly microcore sampling of 28 larch trees were conducted between April and October 2007 at seven study sites regularly spaced from 1350 to 2150 ...
Takashima Yoshio - - 2009
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are usually repaired by nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) or homologous recombination (HR). NHEJ is thought to be the predominant pathway operating in mammalian cells functioning in all phases of the cell cycle, while HR works in the late-S and G2 phases. However, relative contribution, competition, and dependence ...
Tanioka Yuri - - 2009
To clarify the physiological function of pseudovitamin B(12) in cyanobacteria, we determined pseudovitamin B(12) contents and cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase activity in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 grown under CoSO(4)-sufficient and -limited conditions. Pseudovitamin B(12) and cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase activity (0.8 nmol/min/mg protein) were found in a homogenate of the Synechocystis cells grown ...
Ichikawa Toshio - - 2009
An insulin-related peptide, bombyxin, in the silkmoth Bombyx mori is secreted by four pairs of cerebral neurosecretory cells that form a weakly coupled oscillator system to produce a pulsatile pattern of hormone secretion. The activity of individual bombyxin-producing (BP) cells oscillated with different periods (20-70 min). The population of BP ...
Seedhouse Claire - - 2009
Acute myeloid leukemia cells with an internal tandem duplication mutation of FLT3 (FLT3-ITD) have effective DNA repair mechanisms on exposure to drugs. Despite this, the phenotype is not associated with primary resistant disease. We show defects in the response of mutant FLT3 AML cells to the S-phase drug clofarabine that ...
Li Xiao-Li - - 2009
In this study, we investigated the possible synergistic chemopreventive effects of American ginseng berry extract (AGBE) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on human colorectal cancer cell lines, SW-480, HCT-116 and HT-29. We used high-performance liquid chromatography to determine the contents of major ginsenosides, the active components of American ginseng, in AGBE. The ...
McCleland Mark L - - 2009
We examined the contribution of S phase in timing cell cycle progression during Drosophila embryogenesis using an approach that deletes S phase rather than arresting its progress. Injection of Drosophila Geminin, an inhibitor of replication licensing, prevented subsequent replication so that the following mitosis occurred with uninemic chromosomes, which failed ...
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