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Results 201 - 250 of 1716
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Donà Gabriella - - 2011
BACKGROUNDGeneration of controlled amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phosphorylation of protein tyrosine residues (Tyr) are two closely related changes involved in sperm capacitation. This study investigated the effect of altered endogenous ROS production on Tyr-phosphorylation (Tyr-P), acrosome reaction (AR) and cell viability during sperm capacitation. The possible origin ...
Schatten Heide - - 2011
In non-rodent mammalian species including humans the oocyte and sperm both contribute centrosomal components that are most important for successful fertilization. Centrosome pathologies in sperm and the oocyte can be causes for infertility which may be overcome by assisted reproductive technologies (ART) based on proper diagnosis of specific centrosomal pathologies. ...
Markus Steven M - - 2011
During animal development, microtubules (MTs) play a major role in directing cellular and subcellular patterning, impacting cell polarization and subcellular organization, thereby affecting cell fate determination and tissue architecture. In particular, when progenitor cells divide asymmetrically along an anterior-posterior or apical-basal axis, MTs must coordinate the position of the mitotic ...
Edmonds Johnathan W - - 2011
Innexins are the subunits of invertebrate gap junctions. Here we show that the innexin INX-14 promotes sperm guidance to the fertilization site in the Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodite reproductive tract. inx-14 loss causes cell nonautonomous defects in sperm migration velocity and directional velocity. Results from genetic and immunocytochemical analyses provide strong ...
Bördlein Annegret - - 2011
SPOC1 (PHF13) is a recently identified protein that has been shown to dynamically associate with somatic chromatin, to modulate chromatin compaction and to be important for proper cell division. Here, we report on the expression of SPOC1 in promyelocytic leukaemia zinc finger (PLZF)-positive undifferentiated spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) of the ...
Costa Kyvia Lugate Cardoso - - 2011
Information on the reproductive biology of neotropical cervids is scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform biometric, histologic and stereologic analyses of the brown brocket deer Mazama gouazoubira testis, with an emphasis on the intrinsic yield and the Sertoli cell index. Seven adult males kept in captivity ...
Adam M - - 2011
BACKGROUND Myofibroblastic, peritubular cells in the walls of seminiferous tubules produce low levels of the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein decorin (DCN), which has the ability to interfere with growth factor (GF) signaling. In men with impaired spermatogenesis, fibrotic remodeling of these walls and accumulation of tryptase-positive mast cells (MCs) occur. ...
Siqueira Bringel Simone - - 2011
Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic drug that has been increasingly used in acute treatment of, and therapeutic support for, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other psychoses. Considering that olanzapine acts on the dopaminergic receptor and this receptor is detected in germ cells, the present study aims to investigate the effects of ...
Kurio Hitoshi - - 2011
Ceacam6 (carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 gene) has recently been isolated by differential display followed by RT-PCR and DNA sequence analyses. Ceacam6 is a member of an immunoglobulin superfamily and encodes a protein of 266 amino acid residues possessing one immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain. RT-PCR analysis showed that Ceacam6 was ...
Kotwicka Malgorzata - - 2011
Phosphatidylserine membrane translocation (PST) is considered to be a marker of apoptosis; however, numerous studies have reported on its role in processes not related to cell death. The purpose of the study was to investigate: (1) what is the impact of PST on the motility of spermatozoa, and (2) does ...
Rotkopf Shay - - 2011
WASp family proteins serve as conserved regulators of branched microfilament array formation via the Arp2/3 actin polymerization machinery. We have identified a specific role during spermatogenesis for the Drosophila WASp homolog (Wsp) and associated elements. Spermatogenesis within the fly testis is carried out in cysts, where a pair of somatic ...
Lim Jasmine - - 2011
Spermatocytic seminoma (SS) is a rare testicular neoplasm that occurs predominantly in older men. In this study, we aimed to shed light on the histogenesis of SS by investigating the developmental expression of protein markers that identify distinct subpopulations of human spermatogonia in the normal adult testis. We analysed the ...
Pelletier R-Marc - - 2011
The elucidation of how individual components of the Sertoli cell junctional complexes form and are dismantled to allow not only individual cells but whole syncytia of germinal cells to migrate from the basal to the lumenal compartment of the seminiferous epithelium without causing a permeability leak in the blood-testis barrier ...
Tapia Natalia - - 2011
Several research groups have claimed to have successfully generated pluripotent or multipotent cells from human testis. However, the pluripotent character of those cells with respect to gene expression profile and ability to generate teratomas has been called into question. Here, we critically review these reports and provide insight to guide ...
Clausen Michael Jakob - - 2011
The sole purpose of a sperm cell is to carry genetic information from a male to a female egg. In order to accomplish this quest, the sperm cell must travel a long distance through a constantly changing environment. The success of this journey depends on membrane proteins that are uniquely ...
Puglisi Rossella - - 2011
The nuclear isoform of the selenoprotein Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase (nGPx4) is expressed in haploid male germ cells, contains several cysteines and is able to oxidize protein thiols, besides glutathione. In this study we have investigated the subnuclear localization of this isoform in isolated mouse male germ cells at different ...
Komsky A - - 2011
Recently, IL-18 was identified in human testes. Moreover, an inverse correlation was found between the levels of IL-18 and the number and motility of spermatozoa. We examined the presence of IL-18 protein in normal and impaired spermatogenesis. Testicular tissue specimens were taken from 25 nonobstructive azoospermic patients undergoing testicular sperm ...
Jahnukainen Kirsi - - 2011
Although infertility is a serious concern in survivors of pediatric cancers, little is known about the influence of the degree of sexual maturation at the time of irradiation on spermatogenic recovery after treatment. Thus, we address this question in a non-human primate model, the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). Two pubertal ...
Valbuena Galder - - 2011
The implication of galactosides and other glycoconjugates on spermatogenesis has been previously reported. Glycans show such a complex structure that it makes them very difficult to analyze. Lectin histochemistry is a helpful tool for the study of glycan composition. Lectin histochemistry can be combined with deglycosylation pretreatments to explore the ...
Meng X X Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2011
Gamma secretase inhibitors (GSIs) comprise a growing class of compounds that interfere with the membrane-bound Notch signaling protein and its downstream intra-nuclear transcriptional targets. As GSI-I (Z-LLNle-CHO) is also a derivative of a widely used proteosome inhibitor MG-132, we hypothesized that this compound might be active in precursor-B acute lymphoblastic ...
Rasigade Jean-Philippe - - 2011
Menstrual toxic shock syndrome (MTSS) is a severe toxin-mediated disease associated with Staphylococcus aureus producing toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1), a superantigen that mediates a potent activation of Vβ-2 T-cells. In animal models, superantigen treatment of responsive T-cells induces their initial proliferation, followed by unresponsiveness upon further superantigen stimulation. ...
Yang Bo - - 2011
Objective: The present study investigates the effects of Tanreqing injection, a compound Chinese herbal medicine, on the proliferation of leukemia cells in vitro and discusses the potential mechanisms. Methods: Tanreqing injection was diluted to a series of concentrations (1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16, 1:32, 1:64, 1:128, 1:256 and 1:512) by volume ...
Silva A - - 2011
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) activates phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) pathway, thereby mediating viability, proliferation and growth of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can be upregulated by growth factors and are known to regulate proliferation and viability. Here, we show that IL-7 upregulates ROS in T-ALL ...
Yoonessi Ali - - 2011
The information generated by cone photoreceptors in the retina is compressed and transferred to higher processing centers through three distinct types of ganglion cells known as magno, parvo and konio cells. These ganglion cells, which travel from the retina to the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and then to the primary ...
Zhang Zhenzhen - - 2011
Escin sodium has been used in the clinic as an antioedematous, antiexudative and vasoprotective agent for many years and has shown excellent tolerability. However, little is known about its anticancer activity. This is a report for the first time that escin sodium exerts a cytotoxic effect on human acute leukemia ...
Zou Sige - - 2011
Aven is a regulator of the DNA-damage response and G2/M cell cycle progression. Overexpression of Aven is associated with poor prognosis in patients with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia, and altered intracellular Aven distribution is associated with inīŦltrating ductal carcinoma and papillary carcinoma breast cancer subtypes. Although ...
Jayanthan Aarthi - - 2011
ABT-737 is a BH3 mimetic small-molecule inhibitor that binds with high affinity to Bcl-2 to induce apoptosis in malignant cells and has shown promise as an effective anti-leukemic agent in pediatric preclinical tests. This study focuses on the effects of ABT-737 on leukemia cells with MLL rearrangement and identifies some ...
Okuhashi Yuki - - 2011
The Notch inhibitors, γ-secretase inhibitors (GSIs), are promising candidates for molecular targeted therapy against leukemia. However, they show only limited effectiveness. We thought that the efficacy of GSIs might be improved by their combination with Hedgehog inhibitors and Wnt inhibitors because these signaling pathways are also important for the growth ...
Cao Guozhen - - 2011
Chloride channels are expressed ubiquitously in different cells. However, the activation and roles of volume-activated chloride channels under normal isotonic conditions are not clarified, especially in lymphatic cells. In this study, the activation of basal and volume-activated chloride currents and their roles in maintenance of basal cell volume under isotonic ...
Dewan M - - 2011
This paper presents a vision-based method for automatic tracking of biological cells in time-lapse microscopy by combining the motion features with the topological features of the cells. The automation of tracking frequently faces problems of segmentation error and of finding correct cell correspondence in consecutive frames, since the cells are ...
Saba Nakhle S - - 2011
B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) in adults exhibits a 5-year disease-free survival rate of only 25-40% after currently available treatment. Protein kinase Cβ (PKCβ) is under active consideration as a rational therapeutic target in several B-cell malignancies, but studies of its possible utility in B-ALL are lacking. Expression of PKCβ1 ...
Akers Stephen M - - 2011
CNS infiltration by leukemic cells remains a problematic disease manifestation of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Prophylactic regimens for CNS leukemia including intrathecal chemotherapeutics have decreased CNS involvement in ALL, but are not without toxicities. Using co-culture models, we show that astrocytes, choroid plexus epithelial cells, and meningeal cells protect ALL ...
Tandon Preeti - - 2011
Pten inactivation promotes cell survival in leukemia cells by activating glycolytic metabolism. We found that targeting ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) in Pten-deficient cells suppressed glycolysis and induced apoptosis. S6K1 knockdown decreased expression of HIF-1α, and HIF-1α was sufficient to restore glycolysis and survival of cells lacking S6K1. In ...
Eberhart Karin - - 2011
Mitochondria are signal-integrating organelles involved in cell death induction. Mitochondrial alterations and reduction in energy metabolism have been previously reported in the context of glucocorticoid (GC)-triggered apoptosis, although the mechanism is not yet clarified. We analyzed mitochondrial function in a GC-sensitive precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) model as well ...
Kaminskyy Vitaliy - - 2011
Macroautophagy is a process accompanied by the formation of double-membrane vesicles known as autophagosomes. Although in recently published reviews various methods for the detection of autophagosomes were described, a reliable technique for the automated quantitative evaluation of autophagosome accumulation is still lacking. Here we developed a new assay which is ...
Kondarewicz Anna - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the long-term treatment of rats with letrozole on the testis morphology. The pharmacologically induced estrogen deficiency caused statistically significant decreases of both intratesticular and serum levels of estradiol, and morphological changes in the seminiferous epithelium and in the interstitial ...
Mruk Dolores D - - 2011
The use of an in vitro system based on primary cultures of Sertoli cells isolated from rat testes has greatly facilitated the study of the blood-testis barrier in recent years. Herein, we summarize the detailed procedures on the isolation of undifferentiated Sertoli cells from 20-day-old rat testes, the culture of ...
Mruk Dolores D - - 2011
Desmosomes are cell-cell junctions that link to cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, and they are known to mediate robust and stable adhesion in organs such as the skin and heart. Desmosomes are also present between apposing Sertoli cells at the blood-testis barrier, and between Sertoli cells and all germ cells up to, ...
Lang Florian - - 2011
Prerequisites for cell survival include avoidance of excessive cell volume alterations. Cell membranes are highly permeable to water, which follows osmotic gradients. Thus, cell volume constancy requires osmotic equilibrium across cell membranes. Cells accumulate osmotically active organic substances and compensate their osmolarity by lowering cytosolic Cl(-) concentrations. Following cell shrinkage, ...
Mazaud-Guittot Séverine - - 2011
The testis is a heterogeneous organ that comprises a number of cell types, including germ cells at -different stages in their maturation, differentiated neighbor nursing cells, and endocrine somatic cells. Despite such cellular heterogeneity the testis is highly organized, with germ cell development and differentiation being compartmentalized into the interconnected ...
Xu Lu-Hong - - 2010
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) has been shown to play an important role in malignant cells. Our aim is to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of FAK downregulation in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Here, FAK expression was successfully knocked down in a human leukemic cell line (REH cells) by RNA interference. FAK silencing ...
Jayanthan Aarthi - - 2011
ABT-737 is a BH3 mimetic small-molecule inhibitor that binds with high affinity to Bcl-2 to induce apoptosis in malignant cells and has shown promise as an effective anti-leukemic agent in pediatric preclinical tests. This study focuses on the effects of ABT-737 on leukemia cells with MLL rearrangement and identifies some ...
Dubey Ashutosh Kumar - - 2010
In this study, an attempt was made to develop an understanding of the densification behavior, phase stability, and biocompatibility property of HA-CaTiO(3) biocomposite. The composites with varying CaTiO(3) (40-80 wt %) content were sintered at temperatures ranging from 1200°C to 1500°C for 3-5 hr to establish optimum processing parameters. The ...
Cools Toon - - 2010
Synchronized cell cultures are an indispensable tool for the identification and understanding of key regulators of the cell cycle. Nevertheless, the use of cell cultures has its disadvantages, because it represents an artificial system that does not completely mimic the endogenous conditions that occur in organized meristems. Here, we present ...
Ma Shi-Hong - - 2011
tBid is a pro-apoptotic molecule. Apoptosis inducers usually act in a cell cycle-specific fashion. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether effect of tBid on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) Hep3B cells was cell cycle phase specific. We synchronized Hep3B cells at G0/G1, S or G2/M phases by chemicals or ...
Portell Xavier - - 2011
Data from electric particle analysis, light diffraction and flow cytometry analysis provide information on changes in cell morphology. Here, we report analyses of Saccharomyces cerevisiae populations growing in a batch culture using these techniques. The size distributions were determined by electric particle analysis and by light diffraction in order to ...
Rodríguez-Brito Sabrina - - 2010
Five Paracoccidioides brasiliensis isolates were grown in the presence of caspofungin (0 to 1 μg/ml). Inhibition of the yeast phase ranged from 20 to 65%, while in the mycelial form it ranged from 75% to 82%. Such variability was loosely related to the amount of cell wall β-1,3-glucan. No association ...
Kharat Kiran R - - 2010
Poekilocerus pictus is a painted grasshopper, which feeds on Calotropis sp. containing the cardiac glycosides. A new cell line BPH22 is developed from midgut of P. pictus to study its unique physiology and biochemistry. Initially, the Graces insect medium is used with 10% (v/v) fetal bovine serum. After four passages, ...
Lorvellec Maëlle - - 2010
A common feature of early embryo cells from the inner cell mass (ICM) and of ESCs is an absolute dependence on an atypical cell cycle in which the G1 phase is shortened to preserve their self-renewing and pluripotent nature. The transcription factor B-Myb has been attributed a role in proliferation, ...
Johnson Michael - - 2011
IQGAP1 is a plasma membrane-associated protein and an important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton, contributing to cell migration, polarity and adhesion. In this study, we demonstrate the nuclear translocation of IQGAP1 using confocal microscopy and cell fractionation. Moreover, we identify a specific pool of IQGAP1 that accumulates in the nucleus ...
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