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Shiratsuchi Hiroshi - - 2012
Our study immunohistochemically evaluated the localization patterns of small Rho GTPases and β-catenin during regeneration of the rat submandibular gland. After 7 days of obstruction, regenerating glands were collected at days 0, 3, 7, 11 and 14 after duct release to study regeneration. RhoA was detected strongly and RhoC was detected ...
Chen Ken-Chao - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that specific rare cells in the blood can serve as an indicator of cancer prognosis, among other purposes. This paper demonstrates the concept of separating and detecting rare cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells via an economical microfluidic disk with a model system. MCF7, labeled with ...
Sakamoto Akihiko - - 2012
We have reported that polyamines increase cell viability at the stationary phase of cell growth through translational stimulation of ribosome modulation factor, and SpoT and RpoZ proteins involved in the synthesis and function of ppGpp in Escherichia coli. Since biofilm formation is also involved in cell viability, we looked for ...
Choi Yu Suk - - 2012
Cell patterning is typically accomplished by selectively depositing proteins for cell adhesion only on patterned regions; however in tissues, cells are also influenced by mechanical stimuli, which can also result in patterned arrangements of cells. We developed a mechanically-patterned hydrogel to observe and compare it to extracellular matrix (ECM) ligand ...
Ni Kefeng K State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, - - 2012
Here, we present a novel technique to immobilize magnetic particles onto whole Gluconobacter oxydans in situ via a synthetic adhesive biomimetic material inspired by the protein glues of marine mussels. Our approach involves simple coating of a cell adherent polydopamine film onto magnetic nanoparticles, followed by conjugation of the polydopamine-coated ...
Wu Meiye - - 2012
We have developed a microfluidic platform that enables, in one experiment, monitoring of signaling events spanning multiple time-scales and cellular locations through seamless integration of cell culture, stimulation and preparation with downstream analysis. A combination of two single-cell resolution techniques-on-chip multi-color flow cytometry and fluorescence imaging provides multiplexed and orthogonal ...
Osman O - - 2012
Trapping of cells is essential to perform basic handling operations in cell-based microsystems, such as media exchange, concentration, cell isolation and cell sorting. Cell trapping by magnetophoresis typically requires cell labeling with magnetic nanoparticles. Here we report on endocytotic uptake of 100 nm magnetic nanoparticles by Human Embryonic Kidney 293 cells. ...
Liu S - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study investigated the role and mechanism of Cdc42 in Endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced trophoblast cell migration. METHODS: We examined ET-1-mediated stimulation of trophoblast migration with HTR-8/SVneo cells. Cdc42 activation was measured after ET-1 treatment of HTR-8/SVneo cells. To determine the ET receptor subtype involved in ET-1-mediated Cdc42 activation, experiments were ...
Sitaram Poojitha P Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, U-4225 Medical Research Building III, 465 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232-8240, - - 2012
Dynein, a microtubule motor complex, plays crucial roles in cell-cycle progression in many systems. The LIS1 accessory protein directly binds dynein, although its precise role in regulating dynein remains unclear. Mutation of human LIS1 causes lissencephaly, a developmental brain disorder. To gain insight into the in vivo functions of LIS1, ...
Daniel Barrett Robert - - 2012
Prolonged, moderate cerebral hypothermia is consistently neuroprotective after experimental hypoxia-ischemia. We have previously shown that hypothermia is also protective after profound asphyxia in the preterm brain. However, there is concern whether hypothermia could suppress the proliferative response to injury in the white matter or subventricular zone (SVZ). Preterm (0.7 gestation) ...
Lévy Michael - - 2012
Cellular processing of nanomaterials may affect their physical properties at the root of various biomedical applications. When nanoparticles interact with living cells, their spatial distribution is progressively modified by cellular activity, which tends to concentrate them into intracellular compartments, changing in turn their responsivity to physical stimuli. In this paper, ...
Guo Sha - - 2012
Objective To investigate the main proteinases responsible for CD16b shedding under different stimulators. Methods HEK293 cell line stably expressing CD16b was constructed by lentivirus system. The cell line was then overexpressed with a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) or ADAM17, suppressed with short hairpin RNA of ADAM10 or ADAM17, and ...
Karbowski Lukasz M - - 2012
Weak (1μT) physiologically-patterned magnetic fields produce changes in behavioral, physiological, and cellular activity. In the present experiments 12 temporal samples of the electroencephalographic anomaly and normal activity of a person (SLH) whose proximity reliably affected the brain activity of others were extracted from QEEG data, digitized, and presented as equivalent ...
Giovannone Dion - - 2012
Background: Neural crest cells emerge by delamination from the dorsal neural tube and give rise to various components of the peripheral nervous system in vertebrate embryos. These cells change from non-motile into highly motile cells migrating to distant areas before further differentiation. Mechanisms controlling delamination and subsequent migration of neural ...
Sérandour Aurélien A - - 2012
Enhancers are developmentally controlled transcriptional regulatory regions whose activities are modulated through histone modifications or histone variant deposition. In this study, we show by genome-wide mapping that the newly discovered deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) modification 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is dynamically associated with transcription factor binding to distal regulatory sites during neural differentiation ...
Zhang Jian J Center for Fluorescence Spectroscopy, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 725 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. - - 2012
Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is a key metabolite in cellular energy conversion. Flavin can also bind with some enzymes in the metabolic pathway and the binding sites may be changed due to the disease progression. Thus, there is interest on studying its expression level, distribution, and redox state within the ...
Gonzalez-Molina J J Biomedical Engineering Group, Centre for Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Division of Medicine, University College London (UCL), London WC1E 6DD, - - 2012
Delivery of cells into tubular tissue constructs with large diameters poses significant spatial and temporal challenges. This study describes preliminary findings for a novel process for rapid and uniform seeding of cells onto the luminal surface of large tubular constructs. Fibroblasts, tagged with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION), were directed ...
Hecht Elena - - 2012
Hybrid atomic force microscopy (AFM) - fluorescence microscopy (FM) investigation of exocytosis at lung epithelial cells (ATII cells) allows the detection of individual exocytic events by FM, which can be simultaneously correlated to structural changes in individual cells by AFM. Exocytosis of lamellar bodies (LBs) represents a slow form of ...
Guerrier Thomas - - 2012
Maturation of B cells depends on environmental stimuli. Peripheral immature B cells develop into follicular pathway when antigenic stimulation is combined with T cell signals. Here, we wished to identify stimuli contributing to the development into marginal zone B cells known to be involved in autoimmune response. We found that ...
Mooney Emma - - 2012
Once damaged, cardiac muscle has little intrinsic repair capability due to the poor regeneration potential of remaining cardiomyocytes. One method of overcoming this issue is to deliver functional cells to the injured myocardium to promote repair. To address this limitation we sought to test the hypothesis that electroactive carbon nanotubes ...
Meglicki Maciej - - 2012
Pericentric constitutive heterochromatin surrounds centromeric regions and is important for centromere function and chromatid cohesion. HP1 (heterochromatin protein 1), a homolog of yeast Swi6, has been shown to be indispensible for proper heterochromatin structure and function. In mammalian somatic cells, two HP1 isoforms, HP1α and HP1β, are constitutively present in ...
Shin S Y - - 2012
Introduction:  Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of multiple myeloma (MM) may indiscriminately count signals of nonplasma cells, thus decreasing specificity and sensitivity. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of an immune-magnetic sorting method for plasma cells in FISH analysis of MM and define optimal sample preparation conditions. Methods:  ...
Voogd J - - 2012
The definition of Purkinje cell zones by their white matter compartments, their physiological properties, and their molecular identity and the birthdate of their Purkinje cells will be reviewed.
McCaffrey Luke Martin LM Department of Oncology, Rosalind and Morris Goodman Cancer Research Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2012
A key function of signal transduction during cell polarization is the creation of spatially segregated regions of the cell cortex that possess different lipid and protein compositions and have distinct functions. Polarity can be initiated spontaneously or in response to signaling inputs from adjacent cells or soluble factors and is ...
Shibuya Hidenobu - - 2012
Expression and implication of gangliosides in human osteosarcomas have not been systematically analyzed. In this study, we demonstrated that gangliosides, GD3 and GD2 are highly expressed in the majority of human osteosarcoma cell lines derived from oral cavity regions. Introduction of GD3 synthase cDNA into a GD3/GD2-negative (GD3/GD2-) subline of ...
Nishimura Tamako - - 2012
Neural-tube closure is a critical step of embryogenesis, and its failure causes serious birth defects. Coordination of two morphogenetic processes-convergent extension and neural-plate apical constriction-ensures the complete closure of the neural tube. We now provide evidence that planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling directly links these two processes. In the bending ...
Dangerfield Emma M - - 2012
The immunomodulatory glycolipid α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) binds to CD1d and exhibits potent activity as a ligand for invariant CD1d-restricted natural killer-like T cells (iNKT cells). Structural analogues of α-GalCer have been synthesised to determine which components are required for CD1d presentation and iNKT cell activation, however, to date the importance of ...
Moore Marc - - 2012
In vivo the vasculature provides an effective delivery system for cellular nutrients; however, artificial scaffolds have no such mechanism, and the ensuing limitations in mass transfer result in limited regeneration. In these investigations, the regional mass transfer properties that occur through a model scaffold derived from the human umbilical vein ...
Saund Ranajeet S RS Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Utah Medical School, Salt Lake City, UT 84132-3401, - - 2012
In the mouse, the initial signals that establish left-right (LR) asymmetry are determined in the node by nodal flow. These signals are then transferred to the lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) through cellular and molecular mechanisms that are not well characterized. We hypothesized that endoderm might play a role in this ...
Jaiswal Natasha - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of 4-Hydroxyisoleucine (4-HIL), an unusual amino acid isolated from the seeds of Trigonella foenum-graecum, on glucose uptake and the translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) to plasma membrane in skeletal muscle cells and to investigate the underlying mechanisms of action. METHODS: Rat skeletal muscle cells ...
Espiritu Eugenel B EB Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, Davis 95616, - - 2012
Microtubule dynamics are thought to play an important role in regulating microtubule interactions with cortical force generating motor proteins that position the spindle during asymmetric cell division. CLASPs are microtubule-associated proteins that have a conserved role in regulating microtubule dynamics in diverse cell types. Caenorhabditis elegans has three CLASP homologs ...
Hsu Yun-Yan - - 2012
Adhesive interactions between cells are needed to maintain tissue architecture during development, tissue renewal and wound healing. Thrombomodulin (TM) is an integral membrane protein that participates in cell-cell adhesion through its extracellular lectin-like domain. However, the molecular basis of TM-mediated cell-cell adhesion is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that TM ...
Liu Ya-Wen - - 2012
Whereas clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) exists in all eukaryotic cells, we first detect classical dynamin in Ichthyosporid, a single-cell, metazoan precursor. Based on a key functional residue in its pleckstrin homology domain, we speculate that the evolution of metazoan dynamin coincided with the specialized need for regulated CME during neurotransmission.
Lee Min-Sup - - 2012
Four kinds of phlorotannins having antioxidant activity were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Ecklonia stolonifera ethanolic extract. The structures of the phlorotannins were determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence, including 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance. The isolated phlorotannins showed potential radical scavenging activities against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and ...
Li Maoquan - - 2012
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis plays an important role in brain function and neurological diseases. Adult neural progenitor cell (aNPC) proliferation is a critical first step in hippocampal neurogenesis. However, the mechanisms that modulate aNPC proliferation have not been fully identified. Ample evidence has demonstrated that cell proliferation is dependent on the ...
Abramov Yoram - - 2012
We aimed to determine the metabolic profile and effects of chemotherapy on ovarian cancer cell metabolism in a three-dimensional (3D) vs. a two-dimensional (2D) construct using 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Three ovarian cancer cell lines were embedded in a 3D perfused Matrigel construct or grown in a 2D monolayer. Metabolic ...
Ohayon Shay - - 2012
Faces are robustly detected by computer vision algorithms that search for characteristic coarse contrast features. Here, we investigated whether face-selective cells in the primate brain exploit contrast features as well. We recorded from face-selective neurons in macaque inferotemporal cortex, while presenting a face-like collage of regions whose luminances were changed randomly. ...
Jang Eue-Soon - - 2012
The present work demonstrates that Cy5.5 conjugated Fe(3)O(4)/SiO(2) core/shell nanoparticles could allow us to control movement of human natural killer cells (NK-92MI) by an external magnetic field. Required concentration of the nanoparticles for the cell manipulation is as low as ~20 μg Fe/mL. However, the relative ratio of the nanoparticles ...
Shin Jaeha - - 2012
Magnetic nanoparticles are widely used in bioapplications such as imaging and targeting tool. Their magnetic nature allows for the more efficient bioapplications by an external field gradient. However their combined effects have not yet been extensively characterized. Herein, we first demonstrate the biological effects of the communications between internalized bacterial ...
Sun Bo - - 2012
Although the process of chemosensing by individual cells is intrisically stochastic, multicellular organisms exhibit highly regulated responses to external stimulations. Two key elements to understand the deterministic features of chemosensing are intercellular communications and the role of pacemaker cells. To characterize the collective behavior induced by these two factors, we ...
De Almeida Licurgo - - 2012
Several lines of evidence indicate that the entorhinal cortex has memory functions, but such functions have not been previously found in grid cells, a cell type that provides major input to the hippocampus. We examined the firing of grid cells as rats crossed (runs) through grid cell vertices. We found ...
Togane Yu - - 2012
A large number of cells die via programmed cell death during the normal development of the Drosophila optic lobe. In this study, we report the precise spatial and temporal pattern of cell death in this organ. Cell death in the developing optic lobe occurs in two distinct phases. The first ...
Zhao G - - 2012
The osmotic properties of bovine carotid artery endothelial cells (BCAECs) associated with cryobiology were investigated using a perfusion microscope. These properties include the hydraulic conductivity (Lp) and its activation energy (ELp). The response of isolated cells was observed when the extracellular concentration increased from 0.15 M to 0.5 M NaCl ...
Ben El Kadhi Khaled - - 2012
Inositides are intrinsic components of cell membranes that regulate a wide variety of cellular functions. PtdIns(4,5)P(2,) one of the most abundant phosphoinositides, is restricted at the plasma membrane where it regulates numerous functions including cell division. We have recently established that the Drosophila inositol 5-phosphatase, dOCRL, is essential for cytokinesis, ...
Campos-Junior Paulo Henrique A - - 2012
In the seminiferous epithelium, spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are located in a particular environment called the "niche" that is controlled by the basement membrane, key testis somatic cells, and factors originating from the vascular network. However, the role of Leydig cells (LCs) as a niche component is not yet clearly ...
Gattás-Asfura Kerim M - - 2012
Molecules of pentadecafluorooctanoyl chloride (PFC) were grafted onto alginate (Alg) using a linear poly(ethylene glycol) linker and amide bonds. The resulting Alg-PFC material was characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopies. The degree of PFC functionalization significantly influenced the physical and chemical properties of Alg-PFC, particularly when the ...
Harden Maegan V - - 2012
Vertebrate sensory organs originate from both cranial neural crest cells (CNCCs) and placodes. Previously we have shown that the olfactory placode (OP) forms from a large field of cells extending caudally to the pre-migratory neural crest domain, and that OPs form through cell movements and not cell division. Concurrent with ...
Ding Caifeng - - 2012
Herein we report a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-free electrochemiluminescence (ECL) approach that uses ECL nanoprobes for the determination of cancer cells with high sensitivity. The ECL nanoprobe consists of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), linker DNA, and tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium (TBR)-labeled signal DNA. The linker DNA and signal DNA were modified on the surface ...
Kardas Dieter - - 2012
The mechanism by which mechanical stimulation on osteocytes results in biochemical signals that initiate the remodeling process inside living bone tissue is largely unknown. Even the type of stimulation acting on these cells is not yet clearly identified. However, the cytoskeleton of osteocytes is suggested to play a major role ...
González J Antonio - - 2012
Orexin/hypocretin (orx/hcrt) neurons are thought to ensure that reward-seeking is accompanied by alertness, but the underlying circuit organization is unclear. Reports of differential regulation of lateral versus medial orx/hcrt cells produced a hypothesis of 'efferent dichotomy', in which lateral orx/hcrt cells innervate the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and control reward, ...
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