Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1719
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Geiger Jeremy - - 2004
Previous studies employing transmembrane assays suggested that Candida albicans and related species, as well as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, release chemoattractants for human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). Because transmembrane assays do not definitively distinguish between chemokinesis and chemotaxis, single-cell chemotaxis assays were used to confirm these findings and test whether mating-type or white-opaque ...
Gad Annica - - 2004
Growth factors and cell anchorage are both required for cell cycle G(1)-phase progression, but it is unclear whether their function is mediated through the same set of cell cycle components and whether they are both required during the same periods of time. We separately analyzed the requirements of serum and ...
Vigodner M - - 2004
The number of cells in the S-phase fraction of the cell cycle reflects proliferative activity. Using flow cytometry histograms and the Phoenix M+ cell cycle program, the percent of cells in the S-phase fraction was measured in single cell suspensions prepared from testes of hamsters of different ages. A cyclical ...
Akoglu Bora - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing evidence, stemming from epidemiological studies as well as studies performed in human biopsies and animal and cell culture models, suggesting that folate is chemopreventive in colonic carcinogenesis. Hyperhomocysteinemia is frequently associated with folate deficiency. Homocysteine, an amino acid, is metabolized to methionine in a 5-methyltetrahydrofolate ...
Gatti M - - 2004
AIMS: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the enzymatic potential manifested by aminopeptidase activity of different thermophilic Lactobacillus biotypes and to measure the influence of cell growth phase on enzyme expression. METHODS AND RESULTS: The activities were evaluated by the hydrolysis of beta-naphthylamide substrates for both whole ...
Barbie David A - - 2004
In primary mammalian cells, DNA replication initiates in a small number of perinucleolar, lamin A/C-associated foci. During S-phase progression in proliferating cells, replication foci distribute to hundreds of sites throughout the nucleus. In contrast, we find that the limited perinucleolar replication sites persist throughout S phase as cells prepare to ...
Nyström Thomas - - 2004
Bacteria enjoy an infinite capacity for reproduction as long as they reside in an environment supporting growth. However, their rapid growth and efficient metabolism ultimately results in depletion of growth-supporting substrates and the population of cells enters a phase defined as the stationary phase of growth. In this phase, their ...
Bhattacharya S - - 2004
Epi-fluorescent microscopic images of the mammalian cell nucleus taken during the early, mid and late S (synthetic) phase of the cell cycle suggest that the mass of replicating DNA that belong to the cell nucleus can be characterized as a space filling fractal curve. We reason from a biological standpoint ...
Zahedi Kamyar - - 2004
Ischemic renal injury can be classified into the initiation and extension phase followed by the recovery phase. The recovery phase is characterized by increased dedifferentiated and mitotic cells in the damaged tubules. Suppression subtractive hybridization was performed by using RNA from normal and ischemic kidneys to identify the genes involved ...
Janse Chris J - - 2003
Eukaryotic elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) plays a central role in protein synthesis, cell growth and morphology. Malaria parasites possess two identical genes encoding eEF1A (eef1aa and eef1ab). Using pbeef1a-Plasmodium berghei mutants that lack an eEF1a gene, we demonstrate that the level of eEF1A production affects the proliferation of blood stages ...
Jordan Angela - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In this study we examined the effects of a fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FO) rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which is used in humans as a component of parenteral nutrition, on the growth of the colon cancer cell line Caco-2. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present ...
Amsden Brian G - - 2003
Two-phase partitioning bioreactors (TPPBs) are characterized by a cell-containing aqueous phase and a second immiscible phase that contains toxic and/or hydrophobic substrates that partition to the cells at subinhibitory levels in response to the metabolic demand of the organisms. To date, the delivery phase in TPPBs has been a hydrophobic ...
Scott Ian S - - 2003
An immunohistochemical method for assessing cell-cycle phase distribution in colorectal resection specimens would enable phase data to be incorporated into diagnostic algorithms for the estimation of prognosis and response to adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer. In contrast to flow cytometry, an immunohistochemical method would also allow the phase distribution to ...
Kosugi Shunichi - - 2003
The E2F family plays a pivotal role in cell cycle control and is conserved among plants and animals, but not in fungi. This provides for the possibility that the E2F family was integrated during the development of higher organisms, but little is known about this. We examined the effect of ...
Alakomi H-L - - 2003
The effect of EDTA on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium was studied in different growth phases with cells grown with or without Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) supplementation. EDTA affected the outer membrane much more strongly in the early exponential phase than in the mid- or late exponential phase, as indicated by uptake ...
Hu Shen - - 2003
Study of cell cycle-dependent protein expression is important in oncology, stem cell research, and developmental biology. In this paper, we report the first protein fingerprint from a single cell with known phase in the cell cycle. To determine that phase, we treated HT-29 colon cancer cells with Hoescht 33342, a ...
Bielinsky Anja-Katrin - - 2003
During the G1 phase of the cell cycle, replication origins are prepared to fire, a process that is referred to as origin licensing. It was often pondered what a cell's fate would be if not all of its replication origins were licensed and subsequently activated during S phase. One obvious ...
MacPhail Susan H - - 2003
Exposure of cells to ionizing radiation causes phosphorylation of histone H2AX at sites flanking DNA double-strand breaks. Detection of phosphorylated H2AX (gammaH2AX) by antibody binding has been used as a method to identify double-strand breaks. Although generally performed by observing microscopic foci within cells, flow cytometry offers the advantage of ...
Kulartz Monika - - 2003
It has been described that the replication regulator protein geminin is rapidly degraded at the end of mitosis and newly expressed at the beginning of the next S phase in the metazoan cell cycle. We have performed experiments to investigate the synthesis of geminin in cycling human HeLa cells. The ...
Ichihashi Norikazu - - 2003
DnaA protein activity, the initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in bacteria, is regulated by acidic phospholipids such as phosphatidylglycerol (PG) or cardiolipin (CL) via facilitation of the exchange reaction of bound adenine nucleotide. Total lipid isolated from exponentially growing Staphylococcus aureus cells facilitated the release of ATP bound to S. ...
Rodriguez Carlos O CO - - 2003
Nelarabine, prodrug of arabinosylguanine (ara-G), has demonstrated T-lymphoblastic antileukemic activity in cell lines and in the clinic. To investigate the mechanism for lineage-specific toxicity, the effects of ara-G were compared in CEM (T-lymphoblast), Raji (B-lymphoblast), and ML-1 (myeloid) cell lines. CEM cells were the most sensitive to ara-G-induced apoptosis and ...
Menon Sarita G - - 2003
The hypothesis that intracellular oxidation/reduction (redox) reactions regulate the G(0)-G(1) to S-phase transition in the mouse embryonic fibroblast cell cycle was investigated. Intracellular redox state was modulated with a thiol-antioxidant, N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), and cell cycle progression was measured using BrdUrd pulse-chase and flow cytometric analysis. Treatment with NAC for 12 ...
Oshiro T - - 2003
An intriguing mutant was isolated in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, which is defective in the maintenance of viability after entry into the stationary phase. In the logarithmic growth phase, the mutant cells grow at the same rate as the parental cells. Upon the onset of the stationary phase, however, the mutant cells ...
Neysens Patricia - - 2003
Micro-organisms used during the production of fermented foods are subjected to several abiotic stresses. Microbial survival during these processes strongly depends on the ability of the cells to adapt and become more tolerant to the environmental conditions. Cultivation of Lactobacillus amylovorus DCE 471, a potential strain for use during type ...
Czarnecki Antonny - - 2003
Previously, we showed that the peak density of the transient outward K(+) current (I(to)) expressed in GH3 cells was different in the S phase than in other phases of the cell cycle. Using cell synchronization, we show here that I(to) drops precisely at the quiescent (G(0) phase)/proliferating transition. This change ...
Holland Linda - - 2003
We analyzed the composition and abundance of two forms of RNA polymerase II (pol II) holoenzyme in synchronized HeLa cells. We did not detect significant changes in pol II holoenzyme composition, but we noticed differences in the abundance of the two complexes at different stages of the cell cycle. Summarized ...
Coster A C F - - 2003
When a brief current pulse is incident on excitable cells in cardiac and other nervous tissue, a change in phase of the cell's response is usually observed. In cardiac tissue, the cells are exposed to external stimulation of mainly positive currents, which depolarize the cells. We performed a systematic study ...
Wang Huamin - - 2003
Protein kinase CK2 is a ubiquitous protein serine/threonine kinase that is involved in cell growth and proliferation as well as suppression of apoptosis. Several studies have suggested that the kinase plays a role in cell cycle progression; however, changes in enzyme activity during phases of cell cycle have not been ...
Shao Chunlin - - 2003
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important messenger molecule with multiple biological activities. In the present study, sper/NO, a NO generator, showed a biphasic effect on the proliferation of human salivary gland neoplastic (HSG) cells. Sper/NO of less than 20 micro M stimulated cells to depart from the G2/M phase and ...
Cooper Stephen - - 2003
The frequency of labeled mitoses (FLM) method for analyzing cell-cycle phases necessitates a determination of cell-cycle interdivision times and the absolute lengths of the cell-cycle phases. The change to flow sorting (FACS) analysis, a simpler, less labor intensive, and more rapid method, eliminated determinations of absolute phase times, yielding only ...
Hojo Shinichiro - - 2003
Yeast cells (Sacchromyces cerevisiae) in 0.9% NaCl solution containing phloxine B (dye) were treated by an application of a rectangular electric pulse. We input microscopic images of the yeast suspensions after the application into a computer, and measured whether each cell dyes or not, the phase in the cell cycle, ...
Zheng Ya-Juan - - 2003
Modulation of ion permeability during the cell cycle is one of the key events in cell cycle progression. We have compared the effects of K+ and Cl- channel blockers on the cell cycle in synchronous and asynchronous NIH3T3 cells. The Cl- channel blocker 5-N-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB; 0.2 mM) inhibited ...
Schorl Christoph - - 2003
c-myc is an important protooncogene whose misregulation is believed to causally affect the development of numerous human cancers. c-myc null rat fibroblasts are viable but display a severe (two- to threefold) retardation of proliferation. The rates of RNA and protein synthesis are reduced by approximately the same factor, whereas cell ...
Reyes-Domínguez Yazmid - - 2003
Stationary-phase cells displayed a distribution of relaxed plasmids and had the ability to recover plasmid supercoiling as soon as nutrients became available. Preexisting gyrase molecules in these cells were responsible for this recovery. Stationary-phase rpoS cells showed a bimodal distribution of plasmids and failed to supercoil plasmids after the addition ...
Bett, A.W.
GaSb thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cells are one of the reasons for the renewed interest in TPV technology. Today, they are the most suitable choice for modem TPV generators. This paper reviews the background and the status of the GaSb photovoltaic cell development. GaSb TPV cells are fabricated either by a zinc ...
Boonstra Johannes - - 2003
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) cleaves fatty acids from the sn-2 position of phospholipids resulting in the release of arachidonic acid. cPLA2 is activated upon phosphorylation, followed by a Ca(2+)-dependent translocation to cellular membranes. The activity of cPLA2 has been demonstrated to fluctuate during the M, G1 and S-phases of the ...
Rezzonico Fabio - - 2003
A quantitative competitive PCR (QC-PCR) assay targeting the phlA gene of Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 was developed and tested in vitro. Statistically significant, positive correlations were found between QC-PCR and both CFU and total cell number when studying cells in log or stationary phase. The correlations disappeared when considering stressed cells.
Villamón Eva - - 2003
This is the first report describing the glycolytic enzyme, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), as a protein associated with the cell envelope of a gram-negative bacterium (Aeromonas hydrophila). Dose-dependent GAPDH activity was detected in whole bacterial cells from exponentially growing cultures, indicating that an active form of GAPDH is located outside the ...
Taylor-Robinson J D - - 2003
AIMS: The aim of this work was to study the effects of prolonged nutrient stress on survival, cell interactions and resistance to inimical processes in Salmonella serotype Typhimurium. METHODS AND RESULTS: Salmonella Typhimurium cells were subjected to prolonged incubation in the stationary phase of growth and the properties of starved ...
Uchida Kazuhiko S K - - 2003
Cells must exert force against the substrate to migrate. We examined the vectors (both the direction and the magnitude) of the traction force generated by Dictyostelium cells using an improved non-wrinkling silicone substrate. During migration, the cells showed two 'alternate' phases of locomotory behavior, an extension phase and a retraction ...
Close Clare E - - 2003
PURPOSE: Proliferative epithelial metaplasia that develops in the anastomotic line after gastrocystoplasty has unknown malignant potential. Flow cytometry analysis of cell cycle profiles is used to predict the neoplastic progression of metaplastic lesions in other proliferative epithelium. We used this technique to evaluate transitional cell metaplasia in rat gastrocystoplasty specimens. ...
Sciola Luigi - - 2003
The relationship between apoptotic progression and cell cycle perturbation induced by microtubule-destabilising (vinblastine, Colcemid) and -stabilising (taxol) drugs was studied in two mesenchyme-derived neoplastic cell lines, growing as suspension (Jurkat) and monolayer (SGS/3A) culture, by morphocytochemical and biochemical approaches. The same kind of drug induced different effects on the cell ...
Nakata Masaru - - 2002
To estimate the physiological roles of a germin-like protein (BuGLP) with Mn-SOD activity isolated newly from a moss, Barbula unguiculata, BuGLP mRNA levels during cell growth and the effects of methyl viologen and salt stress were studied. BuGLP mRNA levels were at their peak during the exponential phase of growth ...
Herman Paul K - - 2002
Eukaryotic cell proliferation is controlled by specific growth factors and the availability of essential nutrients. If either of these signals is lacking, cells may enter into a specialized nondividing resting state, known as stationary phase or G(0). The entry into such resting states is typically accompanied by a dramatic decrease ...
Kimpel Donald - - 2002
The streptococcal cell wall model of arthritis in Lewis rats consists of an acute, non-T-cell-dependent initiation phase, followed by a remission and then a chronic, inflammatory T-cell-dependent phase. In this report, we define pertinent changes in the cognate and noncognate immune system of the Lewis rats during various phases of ...
da Costa Marilena - - 2002
The incorporation of [(14)C]-linoleic acid (LA) into total lipid fractions was higher in LLC-WRC256 cells from the log phase of growth as compared to those of the plateau phase. LA was mainly incorporated into the phospholipid (PL) fraction of cells during the log phase, whereas in the plateau phase it ...
Lau Anna - - 2002
Transcriptional silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae involves the assembly of a heterochromatic domain that is heritable from generation to generation. To maintain the silenced state, the propagation of silent heterochromatin must be coordinated with the events of chromosome duplication and segregation. Here we present an in vivo analysis of the cell-cycle ...
Fedorkova Lenka - - 2002
The adult suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) expresses a polysialylated form of neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) that modulates cell interactions. Previous studies have shown that PSA is important for photic entrainment of the SCN circadian clock, suggesting that changes in cell-cell interactions may contribute to the phase-resetting capacity of this system. ...
Yong Kwee L - - 2002
The migration of haemopoietic stem and progenitor cells across endothelium lining bone marrow sinuses is a critical first step in the homing and successful engraftment of these cells. We have previously shown that freshly isolated mobilized peripheral blood CD34+ cells adhere to the endothelial surface but do not transmigrate unless ...
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