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Results 451 - 500 of 1715
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Schuster Bjoern - - 2006
We describe a simple method for measuring luciferase activity in the stationary phase of Lactococcus lactis. Due to large fluctuations in the energy and redox pools of stationary phase bacterial cells, measurement of luciferase activities does not yield reliable results. Upon addition of relatively small amounts of glucose, the pools ...
Allen Chris - - 2006
Quiescence is the most common and, arguably, most poorly understood cell cycle state. This is in part because pure populations of quiescent cells are typically difficult to isolate. We report the isolation and characterization of quiescent and nonquiescent cells from stationary-phase (SP) yeast cultures by density-gradient centrifugation. Quiescent cells are ...
De Muynck Cassandra - - 2006
l-Ribulose is an important chiral lead molecule used for the synthesis of, among others, l-ribose, a high-value rare sugar used in the preparation of antiviral drugs. These drugs--nucleoside-analogues--gain importance in the treatment of severe viral diseases, like those caused by the HIV or hepatitis virus. In this study, factors that ...
Osburne Marcia S - - 2006
Rifalazil is a potent second-generation ansamycin that kills bacterial cells by inhibiting the beta subunit of RNA polymerase. Rifalazil has several improved properties compared with rifampicin, but retains rifampicin's propensity to develop resistant mutants at high frequency. To explore strategies to overcome resistance development, we studied the effects of rifalazil ...
Calles Karin - - 2006
The influence of conditioned medium (CM) on cell physiology and recombinant protein production in Trichoplusia ni insect cells (T. ni, BTI-Tn-5B1-4) has been investigated. Cell cycle analysis showed that a high proportion of the cell population (80-90%) was in G1 during the whole culture, indicating that the S and G2/M ...
Shinkai Masaharu - - 2006
The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to support cytoprotection of cells by shifting cells toward a quiescent state (G(0)/G(1)). Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is required for cells to pass from G(1) phase into S phase, and macrolide antibiotics can inhibit ERK1/2 phosphorylation. However, previous reports suggest that macrolide antibiotics ...
Liu Qing - - 2006
PURPOSE: Ubc3/Cdc34 is a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (Ubc) with well established functions in the G1-to-S-phase transition. Expecting to find similar effects in human lens epithelial cells (HLECs), the authors explored roles for this ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in regulation of the HLEC cycle. METHODS: Catalytically incompetent Ubc3 (C88S, L97S), wild-type (wt)Ubc3, and mutant ...
Orlando Joseph S - - 2006
Herpes simplex virus type 1 ICP22-/U(S)1.5- mutants initiate viral gene expression in all cells; however, in most cell types, the replication process stalls due to an inability to express gamma2 late proteins. Although the function of ICP22/U(S)1.5 has not been established, it has been suggested that these proteins activate, induce, ...
Kirstein Mark N - - 2006
A dynamic 3-dimensional tissue culture system has been developed that will allow for control of gemcitabine exposure to mimic concentration-time profiles measured from biologic samples. Gemcitabine was infused into a central reservoir. Media is mixed and delivered through hollow fiber capillaries, where it diffuses into the extracapillary space containing anchorage-dependent ...
Tan Yan Lin - - 2006
The investigation of differentially expressed proteins was used together with other techniques to study the inhibitory effects of two different doses of berberine in human liver cancer cell line HepG2. For HepG2 cells treated with 24.0 mg l(-1) of berberine, an increase in the sub G(0) phase that was indicative ...
Koc Ahmet - - 2006
Thioredoxin was initially identified by its ability to serve as an electron donor for ribonucleotide reductase in vitro. Whether it serves a similar function in vivo is unclear. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it was previously shown that Deltatrx1 Deltatrx2 mutants lacking the two genes for cytosolic thioredoxin have a slower growth ...
García Paloma - - 2006
The cell-cycle-regulated Myb-family transcription factor B-Myb is crucial during S phase in many diploid cell types. We have examined the expression and function of B-Myb in megakaryocytic differentiation, during which cells progress from a diploid to a polyploid state. In contrast to terminal differentiation of most haematopoietic cells, during which ...
YOSHII, Zensaku
To correlate changes of cell surface structure with the cell cycle phases, scanning electron microscopic observation was made on culture cell line of renal carcinoma of Syrian hamster (HKC-400) which was synchronized by double thymidine block. Cell surface morphology could be classified into three major categories depending on the cell ...
Calles Karin - - 2006
The effects of conditioned medium (CM) and passage number on Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 cell physiology and productivity have been studied. Low passage (LP) cells at passages 20-45 were compared to high passage (HP) cells at passages >100. Addition of 20% CM or 10 kDa filtrated CM to LP cells promoted ...
Crescenzi Elvira - - 2006
We compared the effects of monotherapy (photodynamic therapy or chemotherapy) versus combination therapy (photodynamic therapy plus a specific drug) on the non-small cell lung cancer cell line H1299. Our aim was to evaluate whether the additive/synergistic effects of combination treatment were such that the cytostatic dose could be reduced without ...
Kirchmaier Ann L - - 2006
The establishment of silencing at the silent mating-type locus, HMR, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires that yeast pass through S phase of the cell cycle, yet requires neither the initiation of DNA replication at the locus destined to become silenced nor the passage of a replication fork through that locus. We ...
Ohsumi Keita - - 2006
In meiotic cell cycles, meiosis I (MI) is followed by meiosis II (MII) without an intervening S phase, whereas in mitotic cell cycles, an S phase necessarily alternates with an M phase. For the study of mitotic cell cycles, extracts prepared from unfertilized and parthenogenetically activated Xenopus eggs have been ...
Trosko James E - - 2006
Diet can influence the risk to cancer in both negative and positive ways. Worldwide, more than 10 million persons develop cancer annually. Diet could prevent many cancers. Carcinogenesis is a multistage, multimechanism process, consisting of "initiation," "promotion," and "progression" phases. Although diet could affect each phase, an efficacious strategy for ...
Guobin S - - 2005
To improve biodesulfurization rate is a key to industrialize biodesulfurization technology. The biodesulfurization rate is partially affected by transfer rate of substrates from organic phase to microbial cell. In this study, gamma-Al2O3 nanosorbents, which had the ability to selectively adsorb dibenzothiophene (DBT) from organic phase, were assembled on the surfaces ...
Popov Boris - - 2005
During G0 phase the p130, member of the pRb tumor suppressor protein family, forms a repressor complex with E2F4 which is inactivated in G1/S by hyperphosphorylation of the p130. The role of p130 after G1/S remains poorly investigated. We found that in nuclear extracts of T98G cells, the p130-E2F4-DNA (pp-E2F4) ...
van der Borght Karin - - 2006
The present study investigated whether proliferation of hippocampal progenitors is subject to circadian modulation. Mice were perfused using 3h intervals throughout the light-dark cycle and brains were stained for Ki-67. Since Ki-67 is not expressed during the G0 phase of the cell cycle, we expected a decline in Ki-67 expression ...
Vereb György - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have linked the spiking or two-phased character of calcium transients evoked by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) to the position of cells in the cell cycle without regard to cell-cell contact and communication. Because cell confluence can regulate growth factor receptor expression and dephosphorylation, we investigated the effect ...
Liu Hong-li - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the anticancer effects and the molecular mechanisms of deguelin on human U937 leukemia cells, and to explore the underlying mechanism regulating nucleoporin 98 (Nup98) and nucleoporin 88 (Nup88) in vitro. METHODS: The effects of deguelin on the growth of U937 cells were studied by MTT assay. The ...
Orchard Craig B - - 2005
The mitotic inducer gene from Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Spcdc25, was used as a tool to investigate regulation of G2/M in higher plants using the BY-2 (Nicotiana tabacum) cell line as a model. Spcdc25-expressing BY-2 cells exhibited a reduced mitotic cell size through a shortening of the G2 phase. The cells often ...
Edahiro Jun-ichi - - 2005
A rapid and simple selection method of high-yield cells has been desired to establish highly productive cell lines for useful secondary metabolites. For this purpose, a new attempt was made to partition cultured plant cells in a poly(ethylene glycol)-dextran aqueous two-phase system (ATPS). The applicability of the ATPS in partitioning ...
Nguyen Michael P - - 2005
Nerve cells may survive or die after axonal or dendritic transection. After neurite transection near (<50 mum) the cell body of Fura-2-loaded B 104 neuroblastoma (rat brain-derived) cells, the somal calcium concentration (SCC) undergoes a three-phase transient change: a rapid (0-0.15-min post-transection [PT]) rise phase, followed by an early (0.15--1.5-min ...
Walker Sharon L - - 2005
The influence of bacterial growth stage on cell deposition kinetics has been examined using a mutant of Escherichia coli K12. Two experimental techniques--a packed-bed column and a radial stagnation point flow (RSPF) system--were employed to determine bacterial deposition rates onto quartz surfaces over a wide range of solution ionic strengths. ...
Janicke Birgit - - 2005
Ferulic acid (FA) and para-coumaric acid (p-CA) may mediate the protective effects of whole-grain cereals against colon cancer. Therefore, the effects of FA and p-CA on the metabolic activity, proliferation, cell cycle phase distribution, and kinetics of the colonic endothelial tumor cell line Caco-2 was studied. Both compounds at 1500 ...
Bischofs I B - - 2005
Mechanically active cells in soft media act as force dipoles. The resulting elastic interactions are long ranged and favor the formation of strings. We show analytically that due to screening, the effective interaction between strings decays exponentially, with a decay length determined only by geometry. Both for disordered and ordered ...
Bai V Uma - - 2005
We have shown previously that androgen receptor (AR) activity is required for the progression of cells from G(1) to S phase. In an attempt to elucidate the mechanism of androgen- and androgen-receptor-mediated proliferation of prostate cancer cells, we studied the effect of anti-androgen bicalutamide (Casodex) on the expression of cell-cycle ...
Richard Mathias L - - 2005
Biofilm formation plays a key role in the life cycles and subsistence of many microorganisms. For the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans, biofilm development is arguably a virulence trait, because medical implants that serve as biofilm substrates are significant risk factors for infection. The development of C. albicans biofilms in ...
Tychinsky Vladimir P - - 2005
Visualization of functional properties of individual cells and intracellular organelles still remains an experimental challenge in cell biology. The coherent phase microscopy (CPM) provides a convenient and non-invasive tool for imaging cells and intracellular organelles. In this work, we report results of statistical analysis of CPM images of cyanobacterial cells ...
Asmuth David M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Viruses alter cellular gene transcription and protein binding at many steps critical for cell cycle regulation to optimize the milieu for productive infection. Reasoning that virus-host cell interactions would result in perturbations of cell cycle kinetics, measurement of the duration of the phases of the cell cycle in normal ...
Debeir O - - 2005
In this paper, we propose a combination of mean-shift-based tracking processes to establish migrating cell trajectories through in vitro phase-contrast video microscopy. After a recapitulation on how the mean-shift algorithm permits efficient object tracking we describe the proposed extension and apply it to the in vitro cell tracking problem. In ...
Luo Yong - - 2005
Phagocytosis of microorganisms by macrophages is an important host defense mechanism. While studying the phagocytosis of the human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, we noted that macrophage-like J774 cells with ingested fungal cells had frequent mitotic figures. By analyzing the relative proportion of phagocytic cells as a function of cell cycle ...
Laguerre Laurent - - 2005
The sensory organs of the embryonic lateral line system are deposited by migrating primordia that originate in the otic region. Here, we examine the pattern of cell proliferation in the posterior lateral line system. We conclude that three phases of cell proliferation are involved in the generation of this system, ...
Iwao Yasuhiro - - 2005
We obtained translucent blastomeres free of yolk and pigment granules from Xenopus embryos which had been centrifuged at the beginning of the 8-cell stage with cellular integrity. They divided synchronously regardless of their cell size until they had decreased to 37.5 microm in radius; those smaller than this critical size, ...
Schneider Nils-Lasse - - 2005
Pigment-dispersing factor-immunoreactive circadian pacemaker cells, which arborize in the accessory medulla, control circadian locomotor activity rhythms in Drosophila as well as in the cockroach Leucophaea maderae via unknown mechanisms. Here, we show that circadian pacemaker candidates of the accessory medulla of the cockroach produce regular interspike intervals. Therefore, the membrane ...
Potter Alan J - - 2005
Although cytostasis and cytotoxicity induced by cancer chemotherapy drugs targeting topoisomerase II (topoII) arise in specific cell cycle phases, it is unknown whether the drug-initiated DNA damage triggering these responses, or the repair (reversal) of this damage, differs between cell cycle phases or between drug classes. Accordingly, we used a ...
Curl Claire L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The refractive index (RI) of cellular material provides fundamental biophysical information about the composition and organizational structure of cells. Efforts to describe the refractive properties of cells have been significantly impeded by the experimental difficulties encountered in measuring viable cell RI. In this report we describe a procedure for ...
Portenier Isabelle - - 2005
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the susceptibility of cells of Enterococcus faecalis during exponential growth, stationary phase and starvation phase to three endodontic medicaments. E. faecalis strains VP3-80 and A197A in different growth phases were exposed to saturated calcium hydroxide solution, 0.05% chlorhexidine digluconate and 0.0001% sodium ...
Jimenez, Fernando
The goal of this thesis was to evaluate temperature effects on cell proliferation of eastern oyster somatic tissues for the development of an oyster cell line. Understanding the in vivo cell proliferation of an organism is essential for the development of cell culture. Cell proliferation can be measured by identifying ...
Fidlerová Helena - - 2005
Evidence is presented for the reversible, cold-dependent immunofluorescence detection of the epitope (hereafter referred to as epiC), recognized by a monoclonal anti-actin antibody in diploid human fibroblast cell nuclei and mitotic chromosomes. The nuclear/chromosomal epiC was detected in a cell cycle window beginning in early S phase and extending through ...
Vargas Teresa E - - 2005
An embryogenic cell suspension, continuously grown in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with 0.5 mg/L of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, was established from friable callus of Solanum tuberosum internode sections. The cell suspension was predominantly composed of cell masses and free embryogenic cells. When transferred to an auxin-free medium with zeatin, somatic ...
Carr Amanda-Jayne F - - 2005
Zebrafish tissues and cell lines contain circadian clocks that respond directly to light. Using fluorescence-activated cell sorting, we have isolated clonal cell lines that contain the reporter construct, zfperiod4-luciferase. Bioluminescent assays show that oscillations within cell populations are dampened in constant darkness. However, single-cell imaging reveals that individual cells continue ...
Hongo Tomokatsu - - 2005
A three-dimensional high-density cell culture is essential for the construction of an artificial tissue. Many researchers have reported that three-dimensional cell culture enhances cell function. The use of a radial-flow bioreactor (RFB) has enabled the cultivation of cells at high density for constructing a three-dimensional tissue. In this study, we ...
Olivero Ofelia A - - 2005
Antiretroviral therapy for the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) typically includes two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT, Zidovudine) plus 2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC, Lamivudine) is a combination that is used frequently. The NRTIs are mutagenic nucleoside analogs that become incorporated into DNA and terminate replication. We therefore hypothesized that exposure to ...
Holgersson Asa - - 2005
To investigate and compare the cell cycle progression in relation to cell death in the human glioma cell lines, M059J and M059K, after exposure to DNA double-strand break-inducing agents. The M059J and M059K cells, deficient and proficient in the catalytic subunit of the DNA-dependent protein kinase, respectively, were exposed to ...
ORUPABO, I
Interleukin-6 is a multifunctional Cytokine. In-vitro, interleukin-6 (IL-6) stimulated murine hybridoma B9 cell proliferation is well established. Cadmium inhibition of this response to IL-6 has been previously reported. Cell cycle analysis of IL-6 stimulated B9 cells in the presence or absence of cadmium (Cd) was performed in this study to ...
Hammiche Azzedine - - 2005
Microspectroscopic techniques such as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) have played an important role in "fingerprinting" the biochemical composition of cellular components. Based on structure and function, complex biomolecules absorb energy in the mid-infrared (lambda = 2-20 microm) yielding characteristic vibrational infrared (IR) spectra. However, optical detection FTIR microspectroscopy may not ...
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