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Results 351 - 400 of 1609
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Bogeski Ivan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species and redox signaling play an important role in the regulation of many vital biological processes. However, they are also tightly connected with many pathological conditions. The detection and evaluation of these signaling events are very often accompanied with great difficulties. In this article, we describe the ...
Foyer Christine H - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and low molecular weight antioxidants, such as glutathione and ascorbate, are powerful signaling molecules that participate in the control of plant growth and development, and modulate progression through the mitotic cell cycle. Enhanced reactive oxygen species accumulation or low levels of ascorbate or glutathione cause the ...
Scharnweber Tim - - 2008
In our previous work we described the preparation and characterization of spray dried hydroxyapatite micro granules loaded with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). These loaded particles are used as a model drug delivery system (DDS). In this study we examined the in vitro response of two cell lines derived from different tissues to ...
Borges F T - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Previously we demonstrated that calcium oxalate (CaOx) in LLC-PK1 cells and oxalate in MDCK cells induce tubular damage and greater glycosaminoglycan synthesis. We test the hypothesis that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and prostaglandins mediate these effects. METHODS: LLC-PK1 and MDCK cells were exposed to graded concentrations of CaOx, oxalate ...
Josefsen Leanne B - - 2008
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment modality that has been used in the successful treatment of a number of diseases and disorders, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD), psoriasis, and certain cancers. PDT uses a combination of a selectively localised light-sensitive drug (known as a photosensitiser) and light of an appropriate ...
Subarsky Patrick - - 2008
Spatial and temporal oxygen heterogeneity exists in most solid tumour microenvironments due to an inadequate vascular network supplying a dense population of tumour cells. An imbalance between oxygen supply and demand leads to hypoxia within a significant proportion of a tumour, which has been correlated to the likelihood of metastatic ...
Morris Jeffrey M - - 2008
A single-cell microbial fuel cell (MFC) design was used to study anaerobic microbes that utilize petroleum contaminants as a sole substrate to produce power during remediation. Additionally, we tested various proton bridge designs to physically separate the anode and cathode chambers of a two-cell MFC by approximately 9 m (approximately ...
Molter Timothy W - - 2008
A novel system that has enabled the measurement of single-cell oxygen consumption rates is presented. The experimental apparatus includes a temperature controlled environmental chamber, an array of microwells etched in glass, and a lid actuator used to seal cells in the microwells. Each microwell contains an oxygen sensitive platinum phosphor ...
Zhou Jilin J Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2008
The pathological processes involved in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) include retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell degeneration; oxidative mechanisms likely contribute to the demise of these cells. Indeed, RPE cells may be particularly susceptible to photooxidative mechanisms since they accumulate retinoid-derived photoreactive compounds that constitute the lipofuscin of the cell. Thus ...
Prentice H M - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are critical in tissue responses to ischemia-reperfusion. The enzyme methionine sulfoxide reductase-A (MsrA) is capable of protecting cells against oxidative damage by reversing damage to proteins caused by methionine oxidation or by decreasing ROS through a scavenger mechanism. The current study employed adenovirus mediated over-expression of ...
Fukuyama Y - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effects of hydrogen peroxide on cell viability and expression and activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in rat dental pulp cell line RPC-C2A. METHODOLOGY: RPC-C2A cells derived from rat dental pulp were maintained in MEM supplemented with 10% FBS at 37 degrees C, in a humidified ...
Martinez Vanesa G VG National Institute for Cellular Biotechnology (NICB), Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland. - - 2008
Activity of cytochromes P450 is highly dependent on cytochrome P450 NADPH reductase (P450R), but this enzyme can also metabolise drugs on its own. MDA 231 breast adenocarcinoma cells transfected with human P450R (MDA R4) or an empty vector (MDA EV) were exposed to a series of commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs. ...
Rausalu Kai - - 2007
Eukaryotic cells continuously produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and have mechanisms to control ROS levels. ROS have been shown to mediate cell proliferation and transformation. We studied the effect of CuZn-superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) on the focus-forming ability of bovine papillomavirus (BPV-1) wtDNA and hypertransforming mutant of its major oncoprotein E5, ...
Wittgen Hanneke G M - - 2007
Oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria is an important energy-producing process for eukaryotic cells, but this process can also result in producing potentially cell-damaging side products. Oxygen is the final proton acceptor in this cascade of electron/proton transfer and results in harmless water. The electron transfer, however, is not completely efficient ...
Levovich Inesa - - 2008
Histone deacetylase inhibitory prodrugs that are metabolized to carboxylic acid(s) and aldehyde(s) possess antineoplastic properties. Formaldehyde-releasing prodrugs were shown to be the most potent. The objective of this study was to gain understanding on the mode of action of these prodrugs in cancer cells. HL-60 and MCF-7 cells in the ...
Arai Toshiyuki - - 2008
Cytotoxic effects of the combined use of edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one), a radical scavenger and an approved medicine for acute brain infarction in Japan, with a pterin derivative, were examined in vitro. When pancreatic cancer cell line Panc-1 cells were incubated with 50 to 400 microM of a pterin derivative, 2-(N,N-dimethylaminomethyleneamino)-6-formyl-3-pivaloylpteridine-4-one (DFP), ...
Perla Venu - - 2008
The objective of this in vitro study was to use a mouse embryonic stem (mES) cell model to better understand pesticide injury that may adversely affect early pregnancy and to evaluate an antioxidant intervention. Undifferentiated D3 mES cells were incubated 24h with control, reference dose (RfD), no observed effect level ...
O'Riordan Tomas C - - 2007
A simple, minimally invasive methodology for the analysis of intracellular oxygen in populations of live mammalian cells is described. Loading of the cells with the phosphorescent O(2)-sensing probe, MitoXpress, is achieved by passive liposomal transfer or facilitated endocytosis, followed by monitoring in standard microwell plates on a time-resolved fluorescent reader. ...
Wang Xiao Bing - - 2008
The present study was initiated to investigate the potential biological mechanism of cell killing effect on isolate sarcoma 180 (S180) cells induced by ultrasound activating protoporphyrin IX (PPIX). S180 cells were exposed to ultrasound for 30s duration, at a frequency of 2.2 MHz and an acoustic power of 3 W/cm(2) ...
Poulios Efthymios - - 2007
Normal human mitotic cells do not proliferate indefinitely in culture but undergo a limited number of divisions and progressively reach a state of irreversible growth arrest, a process termed replicative senescence. Hypoxia is a situation of reduced oxygen concentration that relates to many physiological and pathophysiological conditions. In the current ...
Gualtieri Maurizio - - 2008
Debris produced from the attrition of tires of motor vehicles constitutes 5-7% of the atmospheric particulate matter (PM10). Debris particles are indeed small enough to enter human lung and thus morphological and chemical characterization has been performed. We demonstrated that the organic fraction of tire debris induces a dose-dependent increase ...
Sarkar Pritish - - 2008
Liquid phase oxygen supply strategy (LPOS), in which hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is used to supply oxygen to the bioreactor, leads to low cell productivity despite high specific productivities of relevant metabolites. We hypothesized that high H(2)O(2) concentrations in the feed-zone led to local cell death, which in turn, lead to ...
Wybieralska Ewa - - 2008
The results of several experimental studies have shown that ascorbic acid inhibits tumor growth and metastasis. Ascorbic acid is an antioxidant that acts as a scavenger for a wide range of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Both tumour metastasis and cell migration have been correlated with the intracellular ROS level, so ...
Garmier Marie - - 2007
Nicotiana sylvestris leaves challenged by the bacterial elicitor harpin N(Ea) were used as a model system in which to determine the respective roles of light, oxygen, photosynthesis, and respiration in the programmed cell death response in plants. The appearance of cell death markers, such as membrane damage, nuclear fragmentation, and ...
Hu Guoqing - - 2007
Precise control of the microenvironment is highly desirable in cell culture to study the cell biology. Microfluidic based bioreactors provide a promising method for the spatial and temporal control of cell growth and stimuli. A three-dimensional nutrient transport model, incorporating the monolayer cell growth model, has been developed to investigate ...
Bacsi Attila A Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch ,Galveston, TX 77555, - - 2007
Oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) is a major base excision repair protein responsible for excision of the mutagenic 8-oxoguanosine (8-oxoG) lesions from the genome. Despite OGG1's importance, the moderate phenotype of Ogg1-null (Ogg1(-/-)) mice is not well understood. This study addresses a mechanism by which Ogg1(-/-) cells limit accumulation of 8-oxoG ...
Cheun B S - - 2007
We studied biophoton characteristics of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells under the influence of H2O2 by employing a photomultiplier tube (PMT) and a fluorescence microscope. H2O2 was used for producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the measurement. Images from a fluorescence microscope show an increase of photon intensity emitted from ...
tzohary and aalster
Of the genus Microcystis, M. wesenbergii is the easiest species to identify: the spherical cells are relatively large (5-8 um) and are embedded in thick colorless homogeneous mucilage with clearly defined contours. It is generally less abundant in L Kinneret than the other Microcystis species.
Meyer S - - 2007
Leucocyte infiltration is known to play an important role in hypoxia-induced tissue damage. However, little information is available about hypoxia and interaction of effector (neutrophils) with target cells (alveolar epithelial cells, AEC; rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells, RPAEC). The goal of this study was to elucidate hypoxia-induced changes of effector-target ...
alexandra
Single cell of an unidentified, autotrophic Gymnodinium species.
Wang Jie - - 2008
We have previously demonstrated that an acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)-derived cell line NB4 exhibited a relatively higher basal level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) than other leukemia cell lines, which is one of the mechanisms determining a higher apoptotic susceptibility of NB4 cells to arsenic trioxide (ATO)-induced apoptosis. Here we ...
Bourdeau-Heller Jeanne - - 2007
Cancer cells are able to tolerate levels of O(2) that are damaging or lethal to normal cells; we hypothesize that this tolerance is the result of biochemical plasticity which maintains cellular homeostasis of both energy levels and oxidation state. In order to examine this hypothesis, we used different O(2) levels ...
Lizarraga D - - 2007
Grape (Vitis vinifera) and pine (Pinus pinaster) bark extracts are widely used as nutritional supplements. Procyanidin-rich fractions from grape and pine bark extract showing different mean degrees of polymerization, percentage of galloylation (percentage of gallate esters) and reactive oxygen species-scavenging capacity were tested on HT29 human colon cancer cells. We ...
Agrawal Neeraj - - 2007
Ciprofloxacin is a widely used fluoroquinolone drug with broad spectrum antibacterial activities. Clinical experience has shown incidences of adverse effects related to skin, hepatic, central nervous system, gastrointestinal and phototoxicity. India is a tropical country and sunlight is abundant throughout the day. In this scenario exposure to ambient levels of ...
Kondo Norihiko - - 2007
Thioredoxin-1 (TRX) plays important roles in cellular signaling by controlling the redox state of cysteine residues in target proteins. TRX is released in response to oxidative stress and shows various biologic functions from the extracellular environment. However, the mechanism by which extracellular TRX transduces the signal into the cells remains ...
Grammatikos Georgios - - 2007
Ceramide has been shown by many studies to induce apoptosis. Therefore, upregulation of ceramide is discussed as a novel approach for tumor treatment. However, it is unknown whether overexpression of acid sphingomyelinase releasing ceramide from sphingomyelin sensitizes cells to chemotherapy and, thus, serves as a potential target to amplify chemotherapy. ...
Huang Chun-Yuh C CY College of Dental Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, - - 2007
Investigation of the effects of low glucose concentrations on the oxygen consumption rates of intervertebral disc cells. To determine the oxygen consumption rate of porcine anulus fibrosus (AF) cells at different glucose concentrations and to examine the differences in the oxygen consumption rate between AF and nucleus pulposus (NP) cells ...
Neuzil Jiri - - 2007
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) cells enhanced proliferation of endothelial cells (ECs) as well as their angiogenesis in vitro by secretion of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2). This effect was suppressed by pre-treating MM cells with alpha-tocopheryl succinate (alpha-TOS), which inhibited FGF2 secretion by inducing mitochondria-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species. The role ...
Anantharam Vellareddy V Parkinson's Disorder Research Laboratory, Iowa Center for Advanced Neurotoxicology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1250, - - 2007
Oxidative stress is widely recognized as a key mediator of degenerative processes in Parkinson's disease (PD). Recently, we demonstrated that the dopaminergic toxin MPP+ initiates oxidative stress to cause caspase-3-dependent apoptotic cell death in mesencephalic dopaminergic neuronal (N27) cells. In this study, we determined the source of reactive oxygen species ...
Kühn Stefanie F - - 2008
Oscillations with a period of 1-2 min in the rate of photosynthesis have been found in leaves of C(3 )and C(4 )land plants under invariant, saturating, light and carbon dioxide. This article reports the occurrence of similar oscillations with a period of 2-2.5 min in individual cells of the marine ...
Trubiani Gina - - 2007
The teneurins and the teneurin C-terminal-associated peptides (TCAP) are implicated in the regulation of neuron growth and differentiation. However, current observations suggest that TCAP-1 may also have a neuroprotective action during times of pH-induced cellular stress in the brain such as during hypoxia-ischemia and brain alkalosis. To test this hypothesis, ...
Gao Ning - - 2007
This paper uses scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) coupled with an intracellular standard addition method to quantify enzyme activity in single intact cells. In this work, peroxidase (PO) inside human neutrophils is chosen as the model system. Cells immobilized onto a silanized coverslip are perforated with digitonin to form micropores on ...
Robins J C - - 2007
During placental development, human cytotrophoblast cells can differentiate to either villous syncytiotrophoblast cells or invasive extravillous trophoblast cells. We hypothesize that oxygen tension plays a critical role in determining the pathway of cytotrophoblast differentiation. A highly purified preparation of cytotrophoblast cells from human third trimester placenta was cultured for 5 ...
Hatz Sonja - - 2007
Singlet molecular oxygen, O(2)(a(1)Delta(g)), has been detected from single neurons and HeLa cells in time-resolved optical experiments by its 1270 nm phosphorescence (a(1)Delta(g)--> X(3)Sigma(-)(g)) upon irradiation of a photosensitizer incorporated into the cell. The cells were maintained in a buffered medium and their viability was assessed by live/dead assays. To ...
Chachami Georgia - - 2007
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells are characterized by phenotypic plasticity and can switch between differentiated and proliferative phenotypes. In rabbit tracheal ASM cells that had been differentiated in vitro by serum starvation, readdition of FBS caused initiation of proliferation and induction of nuclear and transcriptionally active hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha. In ...
Ord Daima - - 2007
Tribbles homolog 3 (TRB3) is a pseudokinase the level of which is increased in response to various stresses. We and other researchers have previously shown that TRB3 interacts with activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and may function as a negative feedback regulator of ATF4. In the present study, we investigate ...
Jackson Stephen M - - 2007
To date, there is no consensus regarding the influence of different CD45 isoforms during peripheral B-cell development. Examining correlations between surface CD45RO expression and various physiologic processes ongoing during the germinal center (GC) reaction, we hypothesized that GC B cells, like T cells, that up-regulate surface RO should progressively acquire ...
Verchier Yann - - 2007
Oxidative stress is a metabolic situation used by immune cells to provide protection against infection. Under activation by threatening elements, phagocytes produce chemically toxic molecules, namely the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). This mechanism involves two types of enzymes: NAPDH oxidases (NOX) and NO synthases (NOS), ...
Daniel Vaulot
Three cells of Ostreococcus tauri. The species was described in 1995.
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