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Results 301 - 350 of 1595
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Kolarova H - - 2008
The objectives of this study was to investigate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in vitro. We examined second generation sensitizers, porphyrines (TPPS4, ZnTPPS4 and PdTPPS4) and compared their effectivity on ROS generation in G361 cell line. Used porphyrines are very efficient water-soluble aromatic dyes ...
Milovanova Tatyana - - 2008
Abrupt cessation of flow representing the acute loss of shear stress (simulated ischemia) to flow-adapted pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC) leads to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation that signals for EC proliferation. We evaluated the role of caveolin-1 on this cellular response with mouse PMVEC that were preconditioned for 72 ...
Chen Chung-Yi - - 2008
In this study, we investigate the anticancer effect of isoobtusilactone A (IOA), a constituent isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum kotoense, on human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells. IOA was found to induce the arrest of G2-M phase, induce apoptosis, increase sub-G1, and inhibit the growth of these ...
Dutta Sujoy - - 2008
Inherent deficiencies of Leishmania in heme biosynthesis were genetically complemented for delta-aminolevulinate-inducible biosynthesis and accumulation of light-excitable uroporphyrin. The phototoxic flagellar immobilization and cytolysis phenotypes and porphyrin mobilization noted previously were further analyzed biochemically and cytologically to delineate the mechanism of phototoxicity and detoxification in this monoporphyric model. Under optimal ...
Prata Cecilia - - 2008
The discovery of superoxide-generating enzymes homologues of phagocytic NAD(P)H oxidase, the Nox family, has led to the concept that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are 'intentionally' generated with biological functions in various cell types. In this study, by treating an acute leukaemic cell line with different antioxidants, ROS generation was shown ...
Kim Woo Hyang - - 2008
Vibrio vulnificus, a pathogenic bacterium causing primary septicemia, exhibited cytotoxicity towards Jurkat cells of T-lymphocytes through intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Pretreatment of Jurkat T-cells with diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI) abolished V. vulnificus-induced ROS generation and bacterial ability to cause cell death. Jurkat T-cells expressing dominant-negative protein of Rac subunit ...
Kamnev Alexander A - - 2008
For the rhizobacterium Azospirillum brasilense, the optimal nutritional range of C:N ratios corresponds to the presence of malate (ca. 3 to 5 g l(-1) of its sodium salt) and ammonium (ca. 0.5 to 3 g l(-1) of NH4Cl) as preferred carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively. This microaerophilic aerotactic bacterium is ...
You Dong - - 2008
We analyzed the effect of hypertension on postischemic vasculogenesis. Ischemia was induced by right femoral artery ligature in Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) or spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) treated with or without angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (Perindopril, 0.76 mg/kg/d) and angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (losartan, 30 mg/kg/d). Basal postischemic neovascularization was ...
Gonorazky Gabriela - - 2008
Various phosphoinositides have been implicated in plant defence signalling. Until now, such molecules have been exclusively related to intracellular signalling. Here, evidence is provided for the detection of extracellular phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) in tomato cell suspensions. We have analysed and compared the intracellular and extracellular phospholipid profiles of [(32)P(i)]-prelabelled tomato ...
de Carvalho Daniela D - - 2008
The catalytic subunit of the NADPH oxidase complex, Nox1 (homologue of gp91phox/Nox2), expressed mainly in intestinal epithelial and vascular smooth muscle cells, functions in innate immune defense and cell proliferation. The molecular mechanisms underlying these functions, however, are not completely understood. We measured Nox1-dependent O2- production during cell spreading on ...
Koritsiadis George - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the tissue distribution of ischaemia in human detrusor in patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and to correlate the results with clinical variables, as clinical BOO is a common problem in ageing men and ischaemia might be important in detrusor dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From September 2004 ...
López-Lázaro Miguel - - 2008
Cells can obtain energy through the oxygen-dependent pathway of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and through the oxygen-independent pathway of glycolysis. Since OXPHOS is more efficient in generating ATP than glycolysis, it is recognized that the presence of oxygen results in the activation of OXPHOS and the inhibition of glycolysis (Pasteur effect). ...
Naumenko E A - - 2008
The exposure of Bacillus cereus ZS18 cell suspensions to 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in the absence of other oxidizable substrates increases oxygen uptake, exceeding the basal level of respiration of the bacterium 1.5- and 2-fold with 50 and 100 mg/liter of TNT, respectively. The interaction of both living and to less extent ...
Theegala Chandra S - - 2008
Design and performance of an amperometric biosensor for E. coli O157:H7 that is based on a common dissolved oxygen probe is discussed. Anti-E. coli O157:H7 antibody was conjugated to horseradish peroxidase and immobilized on a nitrocellulose membrane that was placed over the oxygen probe membrane using a custom-fabricated polyvinyl chloride ...
Zahm Adam M - - 2008
Oxygen availability is a critical signal for proper development of many tissues, however there is limited knowledge of its role in the maturation of bone cells. To test the hypothesis that low pO2 regulates bone cell mineralization, MLO-A5 and MLO-Y4 cells were cultured in monolayer and three-dimensional alginate scaffolds in ...
Boylan Julie A - - 2008
Spirochetes living in an oxygen-rich environment or when challenged by host immune cells are exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS). These species can harm/destroy cysteinyl residues, iron-sulphur clusters, DNA and polyunsaturated lipids, leading to inhibition of growth or cell death. Because Borrelia burgdorferi contains no intracellular iron, DNA is most ...
Teranishi Shinichiro - - 2008
PURPOSE: The possible detrimental effect of hypoxia on the barrier function of corneal epithelial cells and whether keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) might protect against such an effect were investigated. METHODS: Simian virus 40-transformed human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells were cultured for 4 days to allow the establishment of barrier function. ...
Jacobsen Nicklas Raun - - 2008
The particulate phase of diesel engine exhaust is likely carcinogenic. However, the mechanisms of diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) induced mutagenicity/carcinogenicity are still largely unknown. We determined the mutant frequency following eight repeated 72 h incubations with 37.5 or 75 microg/ml DEP (NIST SRM 1650) in the FE1-MutaMouse lung epithelial cell ...
Apostolova, Nadezda
The apoptotic function of Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is well documented in the literature, but its physiological role in the mitochondrion is less certain. Using a small interfering RNA (siRNA) strategy, we studied whether modulation of AIF expression in cultured cells influenced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We found ...
Foreman Brooke D - - 2008
para-aminophenol (PAP) causes nephrotoxicity by biochemical mechanisms that have not been fully elucidated. PAP can undergo enzymatic or non-enzymatic oxidation to form reactive intermediates. Using modulators of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the role of ROS in PAP toxicity in LLC-PK(1) cells was investigated. ROS formation was determined using a fluorescein ...
Scharff Peter - - 2008
An increase of the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentration leads to the development of oxidative stress and, thus, to the damage of cell components. The cause-and-effect relations between these processes have not been fully established yet. The ability of photo excited supramolecular composites containing fullerenes C60 immobilized at nanosilica ...
Na Ah Ram - - 2008
Low levels of endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) originating from NADPH oxidase have been implicated in various signaling pathways induced by growth factors and mediated by cytokines. However, the main source of ROS is known to be the mitochondria, and increased levels of ROS from the mitochondria have been observed ...
Neuzil, Jiri
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) cells enhanced proliferation of endothelial cells (ECs) as well as their angiogenesis in vitro by secretion of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2). This effect was suppressed by pre-treating MM cells with greek small letter alpha-tocopheryl succinate (greek small letter alpha-TOS), which inhibited FGF2 secretion by inducing mitochondria-dependent generation ...
Chin Kyuongsik - - 2008
Cell encapsulation provides cells a three-dimensional structure to mimic physiological conditions and improve cell signaling, proliferation, and tissue organization as compared to monolayer culture. Encapsulation devices often encounter poor mass transport, especially for oxygen, where critical dissolved levels must be met to ensure both cell survival and functionality. To enhance ...
Bernal Ibáñez, María
http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00641.x
Taguchi Keiko - - 2008
9,10-Phenanthraquinone (PQ), a component of airborne particulate matter, causes marked cellular protein oxidation and cytotoxicity through a two-electron reduction to 9,10-dihydroxyphenanthrene (PQH2), which is associated with the propagation of reactive oxygen species (K. Taguchi et al., Free Radic. Biol. Med. 43:789-799, 2007). In the present study, we explored a biotransformation ...
Kaur Parvinder - - 2008
The effect of methylmercury (MeHg) on reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction in neural cell lines was measured by the fluorescent probe, chloro methyl derivative of di-chloro di-hydro fluoresceindiacetate (CMH2DCFDA). Three different MeHg concentrations (5, 10 and 25 microM) and time periods (30, 50 and 90 min) were studied in C6-glial ...
Azevedo Herlânder - - 2008
Models of non-host resistance have failed to account for the pathogenicity of necrotrophic agents. During the interaction of Pinus pinaster (maritime pine) with the non-host necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea, the generation and scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the induction of the hypersensitive response (HR) were analyzed. Elicitation of ...
Rharass Tareck - - 2008
Tumour hypoxia plays a role in chemoresistance in several human tumours. However, how hyperbaric oxygen leads to chemotherapeutic gain is unclear. This study investigates the relation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation with anti-tumoural effect of adriamycin (ADR) on CCRF-CEM cells under hypoxic (2% O(2)) and normoxic (21% O(2)) conditions. ...
McDermott Catherine - - 2008
Here we assess the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in the manifestation of n-hexane toxicity in Jurkat T-cells and the chemo-protective potential of the antioxidants epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and thymoquinone (TQ) against n-hexane toxicity in vitro. n-Hexane is an important industrial solvent and ambient air pollutant. Subchronic exposure to ...
Suzuki Tsukasa - - 2008
The products of the TSC1 (hamartin) and TCS2 (tuberin) tumor suppressor genes negatively regulate cell growth by inhibiting mTOR signaling. Recent research has led to the postulation that tuberin and/or hamartin are involved in tumor migration, presumably through Rho activation. Here we show that LEF-8 cells, which contain a Y1571 ...
Coelho, M. A. Z.
The effects of hyperbaric stress on the morphology of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied in batch cultures under pressures between 0.1 MPa and 0.6 MPa and different gas compositions (air, O2, N2, or CO2), covering aerobic and anaerobic conditions. A method using automatic image analysis for cell classification based on their ...
Chow Jyh-Ming - - 2008
We investigate the cytotoxic effect of metal protoporphyrins including ferric protoporphyrin (FePP; hemin), cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP), and tin protoporphyrin (SnPP) in glioblastoma cells C6 and GBM8401. Data of MTT assay show that FePP and CoPP, but not SnPP, significantly reduce the viability of glioma cells C6 and GBM8401 in the ...
Borthiry Griselda R - - 2008
Chromium(VI) compounds (e.g. chromates) are cytotoxic, mutagenic, and potentially carcinogenic. The reduction of Cr(VI) can yield reactive intermediates such as Cr(V) and reactive oxygen species. Bronchial epithelial cells are the primary site of pulmonary exposure to inhaled Cr(VI) and are the primary cells from which Cr(VI)-associated human cancers arise. BEAS-2B ...
Kim Hyung Woo - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide range of acute and long-term neurodegenerative diseases. This study was undertaken to examine the efficacy of Pogostemon cablin, a well-known herb in Korean traditional medicine, on ROS-induced brain cell injury. Pogostemon cablin effectively protected human neuroglioma cell ...
Stuckey, Crystal Elaine
Regulation of normal volume is an important aspect of cell homeostasis. Possible mechanisms which signal volume regulation are increasing the rate of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and release of ATP for interaction with purinergic receptors. We examined whether an increase in ROS production during cell swelling also led to ...
Bogeski Ivan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species and redox signaling play an important role in the regulation of many vital biological processes. However, they are also tightly connected with many pathological conditions. The detection and evaluation of these signaling events are very often accompanied with great difficulties. In this article, we describe the ...
Foyer Christine H - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and low molecular weight antioxidants, such as glutathione and ascorbate, are powerful signaling molecules that participate in the control of plant growth and development, and modulate progression through the mitotic cell cycle. Enhanced reactive oxygen species accumulation or low levels of ascorbate or glutathione cause the ...
Scharnweber Tim - - 2008
In our previous work we described the preparation and characterization of spray dried hydroxyapatite micro granules loaded with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). These loaded particles are used as a model drug delivery system (DDS). In this study we examined the in vitro response of two cell lines derived from different tissues to ...
Borges F T - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Previously we demonstrated that calcium oxalate (CaOx) in LLC-PK1 cells and oxalate in MDCK cells induce tubular damage and greater glycosaminoglycan synthesis. We test the hypothesis that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and prostaglandins mediate these effects. METHODS: LLC-PK1 and MDCK cells were exposed to graded concentrations of CaOx, oxalate ...
Josefsen Leanne B - - 2008
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment modality that has been used in the successful treatment of a number of diseases and disorders, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD), psoriasis, and certain cancers. PDT uses a combination of a selectively localised light-sensitive drug (known as a photosensitiser) and light of an appropriate ...
Subarsky Patrick - - 2008
Spatial and temporal oxygen heterogeneity exists in most solid tumour microenvironments due to an inadequate vascular network supplying a dense population of tumour cells. An imbalance between oxygen supply and demand leads to hypoxia within a significant proportion of a tumour, which has been correlated to the likelihood of metastatic ...
Morris Jeffrey M - - 2008
A single-cell microbial fuel cell (MFC) design was used to study anaerobic microbes that utilize petroleum contaminants as a sole substrate to produce power during remediation. Additionally, we tested various proton bridge designs to physically separate the anode and cathode chambers of a two-cell MFC by approximately 9 m (approximately ...
Molter Timothy W - - 2008
A novel system that has enabled the measurement of single-cell oxygen consumption rates is presented. The experimental apparatus includes a temperature controlled environmental chamber, an array of microwells etched in glass, and a lid actuator used to seal cells in the microwells. Each microwell contains an oxygen sensitive platinum phosphor ...
Zhou Jilin - - 2008
The pathological processes involved in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) include retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell degeneration; oxidative mechanisms likely contribute to the demise of these cells. Indeed, RPE cells may be particularly susceptible to photooxidative mechanisms since they accumulate retinoid-derived photoreactive compounds that constitute the lipofuscin of the cell. Thus ...
Prentice H M - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are critical in tissue responses to ischemia-reperfusion. The enzyme methionine sulfoxide reductase-A (MsrA) is capable of protecting cells against oxidative damage by reversing damage to proteins caused by methionine oxidation or by decreasing ROS through a scavenger mechanism. The current study employed adenovirus mediated over-expression of ...
Fukuyama Y - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effects of hydrogen peroxide on cell viability and expression and activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in rat dental pulp cell line RPC-C2A. METHODOLOGY: RPC-C2A cells derived from rat dental pulp were maintained in MEM supplemented with 10% FBS at 37 degrees C, in a humidified ...
Martinez Vanesa G VG National Institute for Cellular Biotechnology (NICB), Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland. - - 2008
Activity of cytochromes P450 is highly dependent on cytochrome P450 NADPH reductase (P450R), but this enzyme can also metabolise drugs on its own. MDA 231 breast adenocarcinoma cells transfected with human P450R (MDA R4) or an empty vector (MDA EV) were exposed to a series of commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs. ...
Rausalu Kai - - 2007
Eukaryotic cells continuously produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and have mechanisms to control ROS levels. ROS have been shown to mediate cell proliferation and transformation. We studied the effect of CuZn-superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) on the focus-forming ability of bovine papillomavirus (BPV-1) wtDNA and hypertransforming mutant of its major oncoprotein E5, ...
Wittgen Hanneke G M - - 2007
Oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria is an important energy-producing process for eukaryotic cells, but this process can also result in producing potentially cell-damaging side products. Oxygen is the final proton acceptor in this cascade of electron/proton transfer and results in harmless water. The electron transfer, however, is not completely efficient ...
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