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Results 301 - 350 of 1657
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Wang Ling - - 2009
This study investigated the factors influencing the oxygen metabolism of aortic valve interstitial cells (VICs). Porcine VICs in cell suspension at different passages, and adhered to coverslips at different confluencies, as well as fresh porcine valve leaflets, were incubated in an oxygen respiration chamber at 37 degrees C in Dulbecco's ...
S.L. Ho
The design, fabrication and performance evaluation of a passive direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) operated at ambient condition with an active area of 7.5 cm&lt;SUP&gt;2 &lt;/SUP&gt;is studied in this research. The fuel cell is air-breathing and passive without any external pumps or auxiliary devices. Oxygen is taken from the surrounding ...
Verklan M Terese - - 2009
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most important complications found in the newborn period. It is the result of a deprivation of oxygen and glucose to the neural tissue, which may be the result of either hypoxemia or ischemia. Experimental animal research and clinical observations in humans have noted ...
Matsui Satoshi - - 2009
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the calcification ability of human dental pulp (HDP) cells. HDP cells were treated with 100 mumol/L hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) for 5 or 10 minutes (5-min ROS group and 10-min ROS group) to investigate the mechanism ...
Maraldi Tullia - - 2009
The mechanism involved in the prosurvival effect of interleukin-3 on the human acute myeloid leukaemia cell line M07e is investigated. A decrease in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, glucose transport activity and cell survival was observed in the presence of inhibitors of plasma membrane ROS sources, such as diphenylene ...
Nogawa Hisashi - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of various respiratory diseases. Carbocisteine, a mucoregulatory drug, is used in the treatment of several disease states but little information is available about its scavenger effects on ROS. The present study was designed to examine the ...
Engler Ivan - - 2009
In the nature including the human organism there are 5 reactive oxygen species (ROS): O2, O2-*, O2+*, 1O2, O3 with different electromagnetic characteristics and biological effects. The effects of enrichment of medical oxygen O2 with traces of ROS on various cells were tested in experiments. METHODS: Human embryonic lung fibroblasts ...
Dayan Frédéric - - 2009
Accumulation of HIF-1alpha during normoxic conditions at high cell density has previously been shown to occur and can be used to stabilize HIF-1alpha protein in the absence of a specific anaerobic chamber. However, the impact and origin of this pool of HIF-1alpha, obtained under normoxia, has been underestimated. In this ...
Shaikh Shamim B - - 2009
Exposure to toxins/chemicals is considered to be a significant risk factor in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD); one putative chemical is the naturally occurring herbicide rotenone that is now used widely in establishing PD models. We, and others, have shown that chronic low dose rotenone treatment induces excessive accumulation ...
Raclavský V - - 2009
Cryptococcus neoformans was grown in 96-well microtiter plates sealed by foil which is less than 0.01 % permeable to oxygen. On day 14 of the cultivation, we observed peculiar clusters of small droplike daughter cells arranged around < or = 4 % of mother cells. The fact that most of ...
Dat Nguyen Tien - - 2009
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is the central mediator of cellular responses to low oxygen concentrations and vital to many aspects of cancer biology. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the chloroform-soluble extracts of Morus species using a hypoxia response element (HRE)-dependent reporter assay led to identification of six benzofurans (1-6) and two chalcone-derived Diels-Alder ...
Warnke Christian - - 2009
The metabolic dynamics of yeast cells is controlled by electric pulses delivered through a spatially extended yeast cell/Au electrode interface. Concomitant with voltage pulses, oxygen is generated electrolytically at the electrode surface and delivered to the cells. The generation of oxygen was investigated in dependence of the applied voltage, width ...
Jiang Fan - - 2009
NADPH oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species are implicated in apoptosis in certain kidney cells. On the other hand, NADPH oxidase is also involved in promoting cell proliferation in the kidney. The two faces of NADPH oxidase in these situations prompt us to argue that the role of this enzyme in various ...
Cossarizza Andrea - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are continuously produced in the cell as a consequence of aerobic metabolism, and are controlled by several antioxidant mechanisms. An accurate measurement of ROS is essential to evaluate the redox status of the cell, or the effects of molecules with the pro-oxidant or antioxidant activity. Here ...
Lluis Josep M - - 2009
Hypoxia-mediated HIF-1alpha stabilization and NF-kappaB activation play a key role in carcinogenesis by fostering cancer cell survival, angiogenesis and tumor invasion. Gangliosides are integral components of biological membranes with an increasingly recognized role as signaling intermediates. In particular, ganglioside GD3 has been characterized as a proapoptotic lipid effector by promoting ...
Desai Nisarg R - - 2009
Hazardous health effects stemming from exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) emitted from cell phones have been reported in the literature. However, the cellular target of RF-EMW is still controversial. This review identifies the plasma membrane as a target of RF-EMW. In addition, the effects of RF-EMW on plasma membrane ...
Pistollato Francesca - - 2009
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of most common and still poorly treated primary brain tumors. In search for new therapeutic approaches, Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) induce astroglial commitment in GBM-derived cells in vitro. However, we recently suggested that hypoxia, which is characteristic of the brain niche where GBM reside, strongly ...
Weston Mark A - - 2009
Fluorescence photobleaching, photodynamic therapy (PDT) oxygen consumption and clonogenic cell survival were investigated during 2-(1-hexyloxethyl)-2-devinyl pyropheophoribde-a (HPPH) PDT of MAT-LyLu cells in vitro. Cells were incubated with HPPH concentrations of 0.24, 1.2, 3.6 or 12 microm for 4 h and then treated with 650 nm light under oxygenated and hypoxic ...
Semenza Gregg L - - 2008
Intratumoral hypoxia increases invasion and metastasis through multiple mechanisms, including changes in gene expression that are mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1. In hypoxic colon cancer cells, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 inhibits the expression of CD151, a cell surface molecule that normally tethers epithelial cells to the basement membrane, which may promote ...
Seshareddy, Kiran Babu
Wharton's jelly is a non-controversial source of mesenchymal stromal cells. Isolation of the cells is non-invasive and painless. The cells have been shown to have a wide array of therapeutic applications. They have improved symptoms when transplanted in a variety of animal disease models, can be used in tissue engineering ...
Bulgakov Victor P - - 2008
It is known that expression of the Agrobacterium rhizogenes rolC gene in transformed plant cells causes defense-like reactions, such as increased phytoalexin production and expression of pathogenesis-related proteins. In the present study, we examined whether this phenomenon is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Single-cell assays based ...
Jurkovicova Dana - - 2008
Hypoxia is a state of insufficient oxygen supply of the tissue or cell. Kidney tissue is highly sensitive to oxygen deprivation and easily develops renal ischemic injury. Calcium transporters very sensitively react to oxygen deficiency. We investigated whether hypoxia affects the gene expression of intracellular calcium transporters in the intact ...
Cárdenas Luis - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in supporting polar growth in pollen tubes, fucoid cells and root hair cells. However, there is limited evidence showing ROS changes during the earliest stages of the interaction between legume roots and rhizobia. We recently reported using Phaseolus vulgaris as a model system, the ...
Strianese Maria - - 2009
Fluorescently labeled hemocyanin has been previously proposed as an oxygen sensor. In this study, we explored the efficacy of this biosensor for monitoring the biological oxygen consumption of bacteria and its use in testing bacterial cell growth and viability of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Paracoccus denitrificans, and Staphylococcus simulans. Using ...
Zhu Ying - - 2008
Recent developments in high cell density and high productivity fed-batch animal cell cultures have placed a high demand on oxygenation and carbon dioxide removal in bioreactors. The high oxygen demand is often met by increasing agitation and sparging rates of air/O2 in the bioreactors. However, as we demonstrate in this ...
Díaz Belén - - 2008
Inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) show great potential for medicinal therapy. However, biocompatibility studies are essential to determine if they are safe. Here, five different NPs are compared for their cytotoxicity, internalization, aggregation in medium, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, using tumoral and normal human blood cells. Differences depending on the ...
Lyon Delina Y - - 2008
Buckminsterfullerene (C60) can form water suspensions (nC60) that exert toxic effects. While reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation has been implicated as the mechanism for mammalian cytotoxicity, we propose that nC60 exerts ROS-independent oxidative stress in bacteria, with evidence of protein oxidation, changes in cell membrane potential, and interruption of cellular ...
López-Barneo J - - 2008
The carotid body (CB) is a neural crest-derived organ whose major function is to sense changes in arterial oxygen tension to elicit hyperventilation in hypoxia. The CB is composed of clusters of neuron-like glomus, or type-I, cells enveloped by glia-like sustentacular, or type-II, cells. Responsiveness of CB to acute hypoxia ...
Liu Qing - - 2008
Oxidative damage is an important mechanism in X-ray-induced cell death. Radiolysis of water molecules is a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that contribute to X-ray-induced cell death. In this study, we showed by ROS detection and a cell survival assay that NADPH oxidase has a very important role in ...
Eblin K E KE Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arizona, USA. - - 2009
UROtsa cells exposed to 50 nM monomethylarsonous acid [MMA(III)] for 52 wk (MSC52) achieved hyperproliferation, anchorage independent growth, and enhanced tumorgenicity. MMA(III) has been shown to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can lead to activation of signaling cascades causing stress-related proliferation of cells and even cellular transformation. Previous research ...
Firth James D - - 2008
Chymase is a chymotrypsin-like serine protease predominantly produced by mast cells. In this study, human cutaneous and gingival keratinocytes, ovary surface epithelia, and a porcine epithelial cell line were assayed by homology-based cloning, and the amplified DNA fragment was identified as a chymase. In vitro, chymase could not be induced ...
Qian Xia - - 2009
1. Erlotinib, a small-molecule epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase (EGFR-TK) inhibitor, has been approved for the management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether erlotinib exerts potent antitumour activities through the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in the ...
Dragavon Joe - - 2008
The development of a cellular isolation system (CIS) that enables the monitoring of single-cell oxygen consumption rates in real time is presented. The CIS was developed through a multidisciplinary effort within the Microscale Life Sciences Center (MLSC) at the University of Washington. The system comprises arrays of microwells containing Pt-porphyrin-embedded ...
Bernard Yohann - - 2008
Vascular cells and leukocytes, involved in the development of atherosclerosis, produce cytokines and/or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) implicated in cell mobility. We investigated by co-culture experiments the effects of human coronary smooth muscle cells (HCSMC) on MMPs characteristics and mobility of neutrophil-like dimethyl sulfoxide-differentiated HL60 cells ...
Samuilov V D - - 2008
Hydrogen peroxide potentiates CN(-)-induced apoptosis of guard cells recorded as destruction of cell nuclei in the epidermis from pea leaves. A still stronger effect was exerted by the addition of H2O2 and NADH, which are the substrates of the plant cell wall peroxidase producing O2*- coupled to the oxidation of ...
Wang F-M - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effects of substance P (SP) on gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in human pulp cells. METHODOLOGY: Human dental pulp cells were isolated and cultured. Subconfluent cells, between the third and sixth passages, were maintained under serum deprivation for 18 h followed by the treatment of ...
Mun K C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: After organ transplantation, some patients suffer mild neurological symptoms such as tremor to severe complications including seizures and encephalopathy. Among the immunosuppressants, cyclosporine (CsA) can induce neurological side effects. However, the mechanisms of encephalopathy by CsA are not fully understood. We measured the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) ...
Fehér Attila - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in various cellular processes in plants. Among those, resistance to abiotic stress, defence mechanisms and cell expansion have been intensively studied during the last years. We recently demonstrated that ROS, in concert with auxin, have a role in cell cycle activation of differentiated leaf ...
Lojek Antonin - - 2008
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by phagocytes is one of the irreplaceable microbicidal tools of innate immunity. It has been reported in our previous studies that short-term treatment by carvedilol ex vivo inhibits ROS generation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term effect of carvedilol ...
Ashkenazi A - - 2009
Several methodologies have been used in clinical chemistry for real-time assessment of NADPH oxidase primary product superoxide anion which dismutases to hydrogen peroxide. Among these methodologies, isoluminol chemiluminescence (CL) is considered to be one of the more sensitive and reliable techniques for the assessment of NADPH oxidase activity in neutrophils. ...
Fang Du - - 2008
In this study, we investigated the effects of ischemia/reperfusion and chemical hypoxia on the morphology, cell viability and expression of bystin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in primary cultured astrocytes which were prepared by the subculture method. The astrocytes in Hank's medium without glucose and serum (oxygen-glucose deprivation, ischemic ...
Abbott, Isabella A
Two species of Kallymenia from the Hawaiian Islands, one rare, K. sessilis Okamura, and the other described here for the first time, K. thompsonii, n. sp., are examined, compared, and contrasted with other similar Kallymenia species. Both species are unusual because Kallymenia is generally regarded as a temperate taxon, and ...
Breitenbach Thomas - - 2009
Singlet molecular oxygen, O(2)(a(1)Delta(g)), can be created in photosensitized experiments with sub-cellular spatial resolution in a single cell. This cytotoxic species can subsequently be detected by its 1270 nm phosphorescence (a(1)Delta(g)--> X(3)Sigma). Cellular responses to the creation of singlet oxygen can be monitored using viability assays. Time- and spatially-resolved optical ...
Haddix Pryce L - - 2008
Serratia marcescens is a gram-negative environmental bacterium and opportunistic pathogen. S. marcescens expresses prodigiosin, a bright red and cell-associated pigment which has no known biological function for producing cells. We present here a kinetic model relating cell, ATP, and prodigiosin concentration changes for S. marcescens during cultivation in batch culture. ...
Beckhouse Anthony G - - 2008
The molecular mechanisms involved in the ability of cells to adapt and respond to differing oxygen tensions are of great interest to the pharmaceutical, medical and fermentation industries. The transcriptional profiles reported in previous studies of cells grown under anaerobic, aerobic and dynamic growth conditions have shown significantly altered responses ...
Bao Lingzhi - - 2009
Diesel exhaust [diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) and their extracts (DPE)] and ultraviolet A radiation (UVA) are two ubiquitous environmental factors that have been identified as essential risk factors for various benign or malignant human diseases, either alone or in combination with other agents. We aimed to investigate the synergistic effects ...
Platz, R.
In the present paper we present results on a-Si:H/a-Si:H stacked cells deposited in a single-chamber reactor by the very high frequency-glow discharge (VHF-GD) deposition technique at 70 MHz. Hydrogen dilution of the i-layer yields more stable amorphous p−i−n solar cells, similar to what is observed for RF deposition. High dilution ...
Olson Kenneth R - - 2008
Although all cells are variously affected by oxygen, a few have the responsibility of monitoring oxygen tensions and initiating key homeostatic responses when P(O2) falls to critical levels. These ;oxygen-sensing' cells include the chemoreceptors in the gills (neuroepithelial cells), airways (neuroepithelial bodies) and vasculature (carotid bodies) that initiate cardiorespiratory reflexes, ...
Otsu Kaoru - - 2008
Endoperoxides of naphthalene derivatives generate singlet oxygen under physiological conditions. Here we have synthesized a new endoperoxide of a naphthalene derivative, 1-buthylnaphthalene-4-propionate endoperoxide (BNPE), and studied its cytotoxic properties on HepG2 and HaCaT cells. BNPE induced cell death at much lower concentration than 1-methylnaphthalene-4-propionate endoperoxide (MNPE) and naphthalene dipropionate endoperoxide ...
Shen Jiangang - - 2008
Neuroblastoma cells are capable of hypoxic adaptation, but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We hypothesized that caveolin-1 (cav-1), a plasma membrane signal molecule, might play a role in protecting neuroblastoma cells from oxidative injury by modulating nitric oxide (NO) production. We investigated the alterations of cav-1, cav-2, nitric ...
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