Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1589
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Pistollato Francesca - - 2009
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of most common and still poorly treated primary brain tumors. In search for new therapeutic approaches, Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) induce astroglial commitment in GBM-derived cells in vitro. However, we recently suggested that hypoxia, which is characteristic of the brain niche where GBM reside, strongly ...
Weston Mark A - - 2009
Fluorescence photobleaching, photodynamic therapy (PDT) oxygen consumption and clonogenic cell survival were investigated during 2-(1-hexyloxethyl)-2-devinyl pyropheophoribde-a (HPPH) PDT of MAT-LyLu cells in vitro. Cells were incubated with HPPH concentrations of 0.24, 1.2, 3.6 or 12 microm for 4 h and then treated with 650 nm light under oxygenated and hypoxic ...
Semenza Gregg L - - 2008
Intratumoral hypoxia increases invasion and metastasis through multiple mechanisms, including changes in gene expression that are mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1. In hypoxic colon cancer cells, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 inhibits the expression of CD151, a cell surface molecule that normally tethers epithelial cells to the basement membrane, which may promote ...
Seshareddy, Kiran Babu
Wharton's jelly is a non-controversial source of mesenchymal stromal cells. Isolation of the cells is non-invasive and painless. The cells have been shown to have a wide array of therapeutic applications. They have improved symptoms when transplanted in a variety of animal disease models, can be used in tissue engineering ...
Bulgakov Victor P - - 2008
It is known that expression of the Agrobacterium rhizogenes rolC gene in transformed plant cells causes defense-like reactions, such as increased phytoalexin production and expression of pathogenesis-related proteins. In the present study, we examined whether this phenomenon is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Single-cell assays based ...
Jurkovicova Dana - - 2008
Hypoxia is a state of insufficient oxygen supply of the tissue or cell. Kidney tissue is highly sensitive to oxygen deprivation and easily develops renal ischemic injury. Calcium transporters very sensitively react to oxygen deficiency. We investigated whether hypoxia affects the gene expression of intracellular calcium transporters in the intact ...
Cárdenas Luis - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in supporting polar growth in pollen tubes, fucoid cells and root hair cells. However, there is limited evidence showing ROS changes during the earliest stages of the interaction between legume roots and rhizobia. We recently reported using Phaseolus vulgaris as a model system, the ...
Strianese Maria - - 2009
Fluorescently labeled hemocyanin has been previously proposed as an oxygen sensor. In this study, we explored the efficacy of this biosensor for monitoring the biological oxygen consumption of bacteria and its use in testing bacterial cell growth and viability of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Paracoccus denitrificans, and Staphylococcus simulans. Using ...
Zhu Ying - - 2008
Recent developments in high cell density and high productivity fed-batch animal cell cultures have placed a high demand on oxygenation and carbon dioxide removal in bioreactors. The high oxygen demand is often met by increasing agitation and sparging rates of air/O2 in the bioreactors. However, as we demonstrate in this ...
Díaz Belén - - 2008
Inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) show great potential for medicinal therapy. However, biocompatibility studies are essential to determine if they are safe. Here, five different NPs are compared for their cytotoxicity, internalization, aggregation in medium, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, using tumoral and normal human blood cells. Differences depending on the ...
Lyon Delina Y - - 2008
Buckminsterfullerene (C60) can form water suspensions (nC60) that exert toxic effects. While reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation has been implicated as the mechanism for mammalian cytotoxicity, we propose that nC60 exerts ROS-independent oxidative stress in bacteria, with evidence of protein oxidation, changes in cell membrane potential, and interruption of cellular ...
López-Barneo J - - 2008
The carotid body (CB) is a neural crest-derived organ whose major function is to sense changes in arterial oxygen tension to elicit hyperventilation in hypoxia. The CB is composed of clusters of neuron-like glomus, or type-I, cells enveloped by glia-like sustentacular, or type-II, cells. Responsiveness of CB to acute hypoxia ...
Liu Qing - - 2008
Oxidative damage is an important mechanism in X-ray-induced cell death. Radiolysis of water molecules is a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that contribute to X-ray-induced cell death. In this study, we showed by ROS detection and a cell survival assay that NADPH oxidase has a very important role in ...
Eblin K E - - 2009
UROtsa cells exposed to 50 nM monomethylarsonous acid [MMA(III)] for 52 wk (MSC52) achieved hyperproliferation, anchorage independent growth, and enhanced tumorgenicity. MMA(III) has been shown to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can lead to activation of signaling cascades causing stress-related proliferation of cells and even cellular transformation. Previous research ...
Firth James D - - 2008
Chymase is a chymotrypsin-like serine protease predominantly produced by mast cells. In this study, human cutaneous and gingival keratinocytes, ovary surface epithelia, and a porcine epithelial cell line were assayed by homology-based cloning, and the amplified DNA fragment was identified as a chymase. In vitro, chymase could not be induced ...
Qian Xia - - 2009
1. Erlotinib, a small-molecule epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase (EGFR-TK) inhibitor, has been approved for the management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether erlotinib exerts potent antitumour activities through the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in the ...
Dragavon Joe - - 2008
The development of a cellular isolation system (CIS) that enables the monitoring of single-cell oxygen consumption rates in real time is presented. The CIS was developed through a multidisciplinary effort within the Microscale Life Sciences Center (MLSC) at the University of Washington. The system comprises arrays of microwells containing Pt-porphyrin-embedded ...
Bernard Yohann - - 2008
Vascular cells and leukocytes, involved in the development of atherosclerosis, produce cytokines and/or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) implicated in cell mobility. We investigated by co-culture experiments the effects of human coronary smooth muscle cells (HCSMC) on MMPs characteristics and mobility of neutrophil-like dimethyl sulfoxide-differentiated HL60 cells ...
Samuilov V D - - 2008
Hydrogen peroxide potentiates CN(-)-induced apoptosis of guard cells recorded as destruction of cell nuclei in the epidermis from pea leaves. A still stronger effect was exerted by the addition of H2O2 and NADH, which are the substrates of the plant cell wall peroxidase producing O2*- coupled to the oxidation of ...
Wang F-M - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effects of substance P (SP) on gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in human pulp cells. METHODOLOGY: Human dental pulp cells were isolated and cultured. Subconfluent cells, between the third and sixth passages, were maintained under serum deprivation for 18 h followed by the treatment of ...
Mun K C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: After organ transplantation, some patients suffer mild neurological symptoms such as tremor to severe complications including seizures and encephalopathy. Among the immunosuppressants, cyclosporine (CsA) can induce neurological side effects. However, the mechanisms of encephalopathy by CsA are not fully understood. We measured the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) ...
Fehér Attila - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in various cellular processes in plants. Among those, resistance to abiotic stress, defence mechanisms and cell expansion have been intensively studied during the last years. We recently demonstrated that ROS, in concert with auxin, have a role in cell cycle activation of differentiated leaf ...
Lojek Antonin - - 2008
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by phagocytes is one of the irreplaceable microbicidal tools of innate immunity. It has been reported in our previous studies that short-term treatment by carvedilol ex vivo inhibits ROS generation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term effect of carvedilol ...
Ashkenazi A - - 2009
Several methodologies have been used in clinical chemistry for real-time assessment of NADPH oxidase primary product superoxide anion which dismutases to hydrogen peroxide. Among these methodologies, isoluminol chemiluminescence (CL) is considered to be one of the more sensitive and reliable techniques for the assessment of NADPH oxidase activity in neutrophils. ...
Fang Du - - 2008
In this study, we investigated the effects of ischemia/reperfusion and chemical hypoxia on the morphology, cell viability and expression of bystin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in primary cultured astrocytes which were prepared by the subculture method. The astrocytes in Hank's medium without glucose and serum (oxygen-glucose deprivation, ischemic ...
Abbott, Isabella A
Two species of Kallymenia from the Hawaiian Islands, one rare, K. sessilis Okamura, and the other described here for the first time, K. thompsonii, n. sp., are examined, compared, and contrasted with other similar Kallymenia species. Both species are unusual because Kallymenia is generally regarded as a temperate taxon, and ...
Breitenbach Thomas - - 2009
Singlet molecular oxygen, O(2)(a(1)Delta(g)), can be created in photosensitized experiments with sub-cellular spatial resolution in a single cell. This cytotoxic species can subsequently be detected by its 1270 nm phosphorescence (a(1)Delta(g)--> X(3)Sigma). Cellular responses to the creation of singlet oxygen can be monitored using viability assays. Time- and spatially-resolved optical ...
Haddix Pryce L - - 2008
Serratia marcescens is a gram-negative environmental bacterium and opportunistic pathogen. S. marcescens expresses prodigiosin, a bright red and cell-associated pigment which has no known biological function for producing cells. We present here a kinetic model relating cell, ATP, and prodigiosin concentration changes for S. marcescens during cultivation in batch culture. ...
Beckhouse Anthony G - - 2008
The molecular mechanisms involved in the ability of cells to adapt and respond to differing oxygen tensions are of great interest to the pharmaceutical, medical and fermentation industries. The transcriptional profiles reported in previous studies of cells grown under anaerobic, aerobic and dynamic growth conditions have shown significantly altered responses ...
Bao Lingzhi - - 2009
Diesel exhaust [diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) and their extracts (DPE)] and ultraviolet A radiation (UVA) are two ubiquitous environmental factors that have been identified as essential risk factors for various benign or malignant human diseases, either alone or in combination with other agents. We aimed to investigate the synergistic effects ...
Platz, R.
In the present paper we present results on a-Si:H/a-Si:H stacked cells deposited in a single-chamber reactor by the very high frequency-glow discharge (VHF-GD) deposition technique at 70 MHz. Hydrogen dilution of the i-layer yields more stable amorphous p−i−n solar cells, similar to what is observed for RF deposition. High dilution ...
Olson Kenneth R - - 2008
Although all cells are variously affected by oxygen, a few have the responsibility of monitoring oxygen tensions and initiating key homeostatic responses when P(O2) falls to critical levels. These ;oxygen-sensing' cells include the chemoreceptors in the gills (neuroepithelial cells), airways (neuroepithelial bodies) and vasculature (carotid bodies) that initiate cardiorespiratory reflexes, ...
Otsu Kaoru - - 2008
Endoperoxides of naphthalene derivatives generate singlet oxygen under physiological conditions. Here we have synthesized a new endoperoxide of a naphthalene derivative, 1-buthylnaphthalene-4-propionate endoperoxide (BNPE), and studied its cytotoxic properties on HepG2 and HaCaT cells. BNPE induced cell death at much lower concentration than 1-methylnaphthalene-4-propionate endoperoxide (MNPE) and naphthalene dipropionate endoperoxide ...
Shen Jiangang - - 2008
Neuroblastoma cells are capable of hypoxic adaptation, but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We hypothesized that caveolin-1 (cav-1), a plasma membrane signal molecule, might play a role in protecting neuroblastoma cells from oxidative injury by modulating nitric oxide (NO) production. We investigated the alterations of cav-1, cav-2, nitric ...
Gong, Yanming
The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity on the cathode plays a significant role in deciding the overall performance of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. Dramatic effort has been devoted to the attempt to enhance the catalytic activity and reduce the overpotential caused by the irreversible oxygen reduction reaction on ...
Yoshiba Sayaka - - 2009
Malignant tumors are exposed to various levels of hypoxic condition in vivo. It has been known that tumor cells under hypoxia are resistant to chemotherapies. To clarify the mechanism of the hypoxia-induced chemoresistance, we evaluated the effects of hypoxia on the resistance of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines ...
Busk Morten - - 2008
PURPOSE: Tumour hypoxia and elevated glycolysis (Warburg effect) predict poor prognosis. Each parameter is assessable separately with positron emission tomography, but they are linked through anaerobic glycolysis (Pasteur effect). Here, we compare the oxygenation-dependent retention of fluoroazomycin arabinoside ([(18)F]FAZA), a promising but not well-characterised hypoxia-specific tracer, and fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG) in ...
Dey Swatee - - 2008
The physicochemical properties of nanomaterials differ from those of the bulk material of the same composition. However, little is known about the underlying effects of these particles in carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms involved in the carcinogenic properties of nanoparticles using aluminum oxide (Al(2)O(3)/alumina) ...
Hanley Cory - - 2008
Nanoparticles are increasingly being recognized for their potential utility in biological applications including nanomedicine. Here we examine the response of normal human cells to ZnO nanoparticles under different signaling environments and compare it to the response of cancerous cells. ZnO nanoparticles exhibit a strong preferential ability to kill cancerous T ...
Venkatesha Venkatasubbaiah A - - 2008
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental chemical contaminants believed to adversely affect cellular processes. We investigated the hypothesis that PCB-induced changes in the levels of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) induce DNA damage resulting in cytotoxicity. Exponentially growing cultures of human nonmalignant breast epithelial cells (MCF10A) were incubated with PCBs for ...
Zou Yanping - - 2008
Three phlorotannins, including phloroglucinol, diphlorethohydroxycarmalol, and 6,6'-bieckol, were isolated from Ishige okamurae by column chromatography. The structures of the phlorotannins were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including NMR and mass spectrometry (MS) techniques. Antioxidant effects of phlorotannins were measured by direct free radical scavenging activities using the electron ...
Schmid-Brunclik Nicole - - 2008
Hypoxia is linked to changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, and loss of BBB integrity is characteristic of many pathological brain diseases including stroke. In particular, astrocytes play a central role in brain homeostasis and BBB function. We investigated how hypoxia affects astrocyte survival and assessed whether VEGF release through ...
Zegura Bojana - - 2008
Microcystins, which are hepatotoxins produced by cyanobacteria, have been reported to be potent tumour promoters, and there is an indication that they can also act as tumour initiators. They thus constitute a potential threat to human and animal health, at concentrations that do not cause acute hepatotoxic effects. The main ...
Robinson John M - - 2008
Phagocytic leukocytes consume oxygen and generate reactive oxygen species in response to appropriate stimuli. The phagocyte NADPH oxidase, a multiprotein complex, existing in the dissociated state in resting cells becomes assembled into the functional oxidase complex upon stimulation and then generates superoxide anions. Biochemical aspects of the NADPH oxidase are ...
Kolarova H - - 2008
The objectives of this study was to investigate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in vitro. We examined second generation sensitizers, porphyrines (TPPS4, ZnTPPS4 and PdTPPS4) and compared their effectivity on ROS generation in G361 cell line. Used porphyrines are very efficient water-soluble aromatic dyes ...
Milovanova Tatyana - - 2008
Abrupt cessation of flow representing the acute loss of shear stress (simulated ischemia) to flow-adapted pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC) leads to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation that signals for EC proliferation. We evaluated the role of caveolin-1 on this cellular response with mouse PMVEC that were preconditioned for 72 ...
Chen Chung-Yi - - 2008
In this study, we investigate the anticancer effect of isoobtusilactone A (IOA), a constituent isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum kotoense, on human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells. IOA was found to induce the arrest of G2-M phase, induce apoptosis, increase sub-G1, and inhibit the growth of these ...
Dutta Sujoy - - 2008
Inherent deficiencies of Leishmania in heme biosynthesis were genetically complemented for delta-aminolevulinate-inducible biosynthesis and accumulation of light-excitable uroporphyrin. The phototoxic flagellar immobilization and cytolysis phenotypes and porphyrin mobilization noted previously were further analyzed biochemically and cytologically to delineate the mechanism of phototoxicity and detoxification in this monoporphyric model. Under optimal ...
Prata Cecilia - - 2008
The discovery of superoxide-generating enzymes homologues of phagocytic NAD(P)H oxidase, the Nox family, has led to the concept that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are 'intentionally' generated with biological functions in various cell types. In this study, by treating an acute leukaemic cell line with different antioxidants, ROS generation was shown ...
Kim Woo Hyang - - 2008
Vibrio vulnificus, a pathogenic bacterium causing primary septicemia, exhibited cytotoxicity towards Jurkat cells of T-lymphocytes through intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Pretreatment of Jurkat T-cells with diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI) abolished V. vulnificus-induced ROS generation and bacterial ability to cause cell death. Jurkat T-cells expressing dominant-negative protein of Rac subunit ...
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