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Results 201 - 250 of 1621
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Doughty D M - - 2009
2-Methylhopanes, molecular fossils of 2-methylbacteriohopanepolyol (2-MeBHP) lipids, have been proposed as biomarkers for cyanobacteria, and by extension, oxygenic photosynthesis. However, the robustness of this interpretation is unclear, as 2-methylhopanoids occur in organisms besides cyanobacteria and their physiological functions are unknown. As a first step toward understanding the role of 2-MeBHP ...
Moon Eun-Yi - - 2009
High concentration of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a role in damaging biological systems. We isolated clitocybin A from the culture broth of Clitocybe aurantiaca and then clitocybin B and C derivatives were synthesized from clitocybin A. IMR-90 lung fibroblast cells were pre-treated or post-treated with clitocybin A, B ...
López-Barneo José - - 2009
The carotid body (CB) is a neural crest-derived organ whose function is to elicit hyperventilation in response to hypoxemia. The CB contains clusters of neuron-like glomus cells enveloped by glia-like sustentacular cells. CB responsiveness to acute hypoxia relies on the inhibition of O2-sensitive K+ channels in glomus cells, which leads ...
Campbell Jinx - - 2009
Tricladium, with 21 accepted species, is the largest genus of aquatic hyphomycetes. It encompasses species with dematiaceous as well as mucedinaceous colonies. Conidiogenesis is thalloblastic; conidiogenous cells proliferate percurrently or sympodially. Conidia have typically two alternate primary lateral branches. Fontanospora and Variocladium are segregates of Tricladium, differing by conidial branching. ...
Pyr dit Ruys Sebastien - - 2009
The master regulator of the adaptive response to hypoxia is HIF-1. However, while some data show that HIF-1 can control more than 80% of the genes induced under hypoxia, other experiments clearly demonstrate that a part of the hypoxic response is independent of HIF-1. The goal of this study was ...
Baumgart Judith - - 2009
Femtosecond (fs) laser-based cell surgery is typically done in two different regimes, at kHz or MHz repetition rate. Formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is an often predicted effect due to illumination with short laser pulses in biological tissue. We present our study on ROS formation in single cells in ...
Mondragon-Teran Paul - - 2009
Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are capable of proliferating indefinitely in vitro whilst retaining their ability to differentiate into cells of every adult lineage. Efficient, high yield processes, which direct differentiation of ESC to specific lineages, will underpin the development of cost-effective drug screening and cell therapy products. The aim of ...
Wang Ling - - 2009
This study investigated the factors influencing the oxygen metabolism of aortic valve interstitial cells (VICs). Porcine VICs in cell suspension at different passages, and adhered to coverslips at different confluencies, as well as fresh porcine valve leaflets, were incubated in an oxygen respiration chamber at 37 degrees C in Dulbecco's ...
Zhou Yu-bo YB National Center for Drug Screening, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, - - 2009
To discover novel cell division cycle 25 (CDC25) B inhibitors and elucidate the mechanisms of inhibition in cancer cells. Cell growth inhibition was detected by MTT assay, the cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry, and protein expression and phosphorylation was examined by Western blot analysis. LGH00031 inhibited CDC25B irreversibly ...
Scharenberg Andrew M AM University of Washington School of Medicine Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98103, USA. - - 2009
Recent reports have linked the adenine nucleotide 2nd messenger gated Ca (2+) channel TRPM2 with hydrogen peroxide-induced pancreatic β-cell death in mouse and rat systems. As β-cells are exposed in vivo to reactive oxygen species produced via the respiratory chain and NADPH oxidases (reviewed in (3, 4) ), these reports ...
Tennant D A DA Cancer Research UK, The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Glasgow, Scotland G61 1BD, - - 2009
Cells exposed to low-oxygen conditions (hypoxia) alter their metabolism to survive. This response, although vital during development and high-altitude survival, is now known to be a major factor in the selection of cells with a transformed metabolic phenotype during tumorigenesis. It is thought that hypoxia-selected cells have increased invasive capacity ...
Krestyn E - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been approved as proper and effective kind of treatment for certain types of cancer and non-malignant diseases. We tested photodynamic effects on G361 human melanoma cells sensitized by zinc-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulphonatophenyl) porphyrine (ZnTPPS(4)), chloraluminium phtalocyanine disulfonate (ClAlPcS(2)) and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). In particular, we examined the PDT efficiency ...
Tu Huang-Yao - - 2009
Twenty-three ursolic acid (1) derivatives 2-24 including nine new 1 derivatives 5, 7-11, 20-22 were synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicities against NTUB1 cells (human bladder cancer cell line). Compounds 5 and 17 with an isopropyl ester moiety at C-17-COOH and a succinyl moiety at C-3-OH showed potent inhibitory effect on ...
Legendre Claire - - 2009
Weak blood irrigation within solid tumours including hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) plays an important role in resistance to anticancer drugs by decreasing accessibility of cytotoxic agents to tumour cells. Reduced oxygen levels, or hypoxia, also contribute to drug resistance because many anticancer drugs require molecular oxygen to be cytotoxic. Our aim ...
Yoo Kyung Mi - - 2009
To elucidate the health benefit of herbal teas on the cytotoxicity induced by H(2)O(2) in V79-4 cells, herbal extracts and its flavonoids were tested using lactate dehydrogenase release and determining intracellular reactive oxygen species generation and antioxidant activity with superoxide radical scavenging assay. Significant decrease in cell viability was observed ...
Chung Jin Sil - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) steady-state levels are required for entry into the S phase of the cell cycle in normal cells, as well as in tumour cells. However, the contribution of mitochondrial ROS to normal cell proliferation has not been well investigated thus far. A previous report showed that Romo1 ...
Tomankova Katerina - - 2009
We studied the morphology of the A549 cell line (human lung carcinoma cells) before and after photodynamic therapy (PDT) by atomic force microscopy. PDT was induced by an efficient light-emitting diode source with total light dose of 15 J cm(-2) in the presence of the sensitizer zinc-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrine. In the presence ...
Mazure Nathalie M - - 2009
Normal and tumor cells subjected to a hypoxic microenvironment show evidence of autophagy. We hypothesize that cells will sense hypoxia as a warning signal to upcoming drastic microenvironmental conditions and that autophagy, acting as a survival mechanism, will provide time for cells to adapt. This work demonstrates for the first ...
Clarke Laura - - 2009
Neural stem cells (NSCs) can be derived from single mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in the absence of instructive factors. Clonal primitive NSC (pNSC) colonies are formed first, and then give rise to clonal, fibroblast growth factor-dependent definitive neural stem cells (dNSCs). We tested low-oxygen culture as a potential method ...
Ferrer E - - 2009
The cytotoxic effects of mycotoxins, induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and generation of lipid peroxidation products in CHO-K1 cells were determined as function of increasing time of exposure and concentrations of beauvericin (BEA), patulin (PAT) and zearalenone (ZEA). The end points were evaluated after 24h of exposure, by the ...
Tomankova K - - 2009
High resolution imaging of biological structures and their changes induced by different agents such as drugs are commonly performed by confocal and electron microscopy. The past decade has witnessed an emersion of the atomic force microscopy (AFM) from solid-state physics into cell biology and even medical applications. For these reasons, ...
da Silva Marcelo Barbosa - - 2009
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, a thermal dimorphic fungal pathogen, produces a melanin-like pigment in vitro and in vivo. We investigated the involvement of carbohydrates and monoclonal antibody to CD18, on phagocytosis inhibition, involving macrophage receptors and the resistance of melanized fungal cells to chemically generated nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), ...
Zhang Jun Jun - - 2009
To evaluate the influence of resveratrol on cellular zinc status, normal human prostate epithelial (NHPrE) cells were treated with resveratrol (0, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 microM) and zinc [0, 4, 16, and 32 microM, representing zinc-deficient (ZD), zinc-normal (ZN), zinc-adequate (ZA), and zinc-supplemented (ZS) conditions, respectively]. A progressive ...
S??rensen Brita Singers - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Solid malignant tumours are characterised by an inadequate vascular system, which can give rise to micro-regional hypoxic areas. As the negative impact of tumour hypoxia is believed largely to depend on dynamic changes in gene expression, it is important to identify the genes regulated by hypoxia to further enlighten ...
Wouters An - - 2009
Hypoxic tumour regions often contain viable cells that are more resistant to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, making it of key importance to analyse new combination treatments under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. In this study, the impact of moderate hypoxia and anoxia on cellular characteristics was investigated in isogenic A549 cells ...
Haase Volker H - - 2009
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a developmentally vital, molecularly complex cellular process by which epithelial cells lose apico-basal polarity and cell-cell contact, become motile, and acquire mesenchymal characteristics. Under pathophysiological conditions EMT has a central role in cancer progression and metastasis, and has been associated with fibrotic disorders. Microenvironmental changes such ...
Kishimoto Koshi N - - 2009
The influence of oxygen tension on the side population (SP) fraction sorted from ATDC5 chondroprogenitor cells was investigated. ATDC5 cells cultured in normoxia (20%) or hypoxia (1% oxygen) were compared. The SP fraction was significantly higher in the cells cultured in hypoxia. The gene expression of 3 ABC transporters, abcb1a/b ...
Ngô Charlotte - - 2009
Endometriosis is associated with chronic inflammation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are proinflammatory mediators that modulate cell proliferation. We have investigated whether the dysregulation of ROS production in endometriotic cells correlates with a pro-proliferative phenotype and can explain the spreading of this disease. Stromal and epithelial cells were purified from ...
Etzkorn James R - - 2009
We report a method for forming arrays of live single cells on a chip using polymer micro-traps made of SU8. We have studied the toxicity of the microfabricated structures and the associated environment for two cell lines. We also report a method for measuring the oxygen consumption rate of a ...
Kuhnert Verena M - - 2009
Individuals suffering from Fanconi Anemia (FA) exhibit a pronounced hypersensitivity to agents that cause DNA inter-strand crosslinks and frequently also to ionising radiation. However, fibroblast lines derived from FA patients generally show little or no radiosensitivity in vitro. Here, we sought to elucidate the role of the central FA protein ...
Sar Aylin - - 2009
Hypoxia is commonly found in human solid cancers and serves as a selective environment for the survival of aggressive cancer cells and as protection from anti-cancer therapies. In addition to a shift to anaerobic metabolism, the cellular response to hypoxia includes cessation of cell division and/or cell death. These mechanisms ...
Huang Yan - - 2009
AIMS: Glucocorticoids (GCs) are frequently used to treat various pulmonary diseases, which are typically accompanied by hypoxia. Whether hypoxia influences the effects of GCs on human airway cells remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to characterize changes in the expression levels of two isoforms of the glucocorticoid ...
Islam Mohammad Mahbub - - 2009
Thioglucoside glucohydrolase (myrosinase), TGG1, is a strikingly abundant protein in Arabidopsis guard cells. We investigated responses of tgg1-3, tgg2-1 and tgg1-3 tgg2-1 mutants to abscisic acid (ABA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) to clarify whether two myrosinases, TGG1 and TGG2, function during stomatal closure. ABA, MeJA and H(2)O(2) induced stomatal closure ...
Beckers Simone - - 2010
A dynamic respiration assay based on luminescence decay time detection of oxygen for high throughput toxicological assessment is presented. The method uses 24-well plates (OxoDishes) read with the help of a sensor dish reader placed in a humidified CO(2)-incubator. Adherent primary rat hepatocytes and the human hepatic cell line Hep ...
Lu Zhisong - - 2009
Quantum dots-induced cell growth inhibition effect and its photophysical mechanism were investigated in this report. Cell growth curve and atomic force microscopy show that QDs block cell division to inhibit the growth of bacterial cells. On the basis of combined biological and physical discoveries from cytochrome c reduction assay, hydrodynamic ...
van der Toorn Marco - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) present in cigarette smoke (CS) are thought to contribute to the development of COPD. Although CS-ROS can hardly enter airway epithelial cells, and certainly not the circulation, systemic levels of ROS have been found to be elevated in COPD patients. We hypothesize that lipophilic components present ...
Sakdee Jaruma Beau - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Postnatal human dental pulp is a potentially promising source of progenitor cells. Sustaining and amplifying progenitor cell populations would be beneficial for basic science research with application in pulpal regeneration. Hypoxia has been observed to promote the undifferentiated cell state in various stem cell populations. The purpose of this ...
Petit Emile - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been suggested to participate in tumor emergence due to their mitogenic and apoptotic signaling, and as contributors to DNA structural damage. Here we report that progesterone and various synthetic steroids with progestin potencies (norethisterone acetate, MPA, and Tibolone) counteract cell growth induced by hydrogen peroxide ...
Kim Hyung-Ryong - - 2009
This study investigated the molecular mechanism by which Bax inhibitor 1 (BI1) abrogates the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Electron uncoupling between NADPH-dependent cytochrome P450 reductase (NPR) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (P450 2E1) is a major source of ROS on the ER membrane. ER ...
Deng Xiaobing - - 2009
The kinase Mirk/dyrk1B mediated the clonogenic growth of pancreatic cancer cells in earlier studies. It is now shown that Mirk levels increased 7-fold in SU86.86 pancreatic cancer cells when over a third of the cells were accumulated in a quiescent G(0) state, defined by Hoechst/Pyronin Y staining. Depletion of Mirk ...
Groeger Gillian - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have traditionally been viewed as a toxic group of molecules; however, recent publications have shown that these molecules, including H(2)O(2), can also strongly promote cell survival. Even though the retina has a large capacity to produce ROS, little is known about its non-mitochondrial sources of these ...
Zhao Baozhong - - 2009
The water-soluble fullerene derivative gamma-cyclodextrin bicapped C(60) [(gamma-CyD)(2)/C(60), CDF0] has several clinical applications, including use as a drug carrier to bypass the blood ocular barriers or a photosensitizer to treat tumors in photodynamic therapy. We have assessed the potential ocular toxicity of (gamma-CyD)(2)/C(60) and its aggregated derivatives induced by UVA ...
Chung Woon-Gye WG Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, United - - 2009
Proanthocyanidins (PCs) have been shown to suppress the growth of diverse human cancer cells and are considered as promising additions to the arsenal of chemopreventive phytochemicals. An oligomeric mixture of PCs from hops (Humulus lupulus) significantly decreased cell viability of human colon cancer HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Hop ...
Shao Junfei - - 2009
Resveratrol (Res) has been reported to elicit many cellular responses including cell cycle arrest, differentiation, and apoptosis. This makes it a novel and potential anticancer agent. Moreover, the lipophilicity of Res raises the possibility of its application as a potential model drug in nanoparticle based delivery systems. Resveratrol is incorporated ...
Wilhelm Jirí - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play several biological roles. We investigated the applicability of fluorescent probes for their detection (i) in rabbit lens epithelial cells during ageing in culture, and (ii) in thin sections of rat heart. We used dihydroethidium (DHE), dichlorofluorescin (DCFH), and dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) together with detection of ...
Acosta Miguel A MA Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, ECS 314, Baltimore, MD 21250, - - 2009
We present the development and characterization of fluorescent oxygen-sensing microparticles designed for measuring oxygen concentration in microenvironments existing within standard cell culture and transparent three-dimensional (3D) cell scaffolds. The microparticle synthesis employs poly(dimethylsiloxane) to encapsulate silica gel particles bound with an oxygen-sensitive luminophore as well as a reference or normalization ...
Borgmann Sabine - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) play a crucial role in chemical signaling processes of biological cells. Electrochemistry is one of the rare methods able to directly detect these species. ROS and RNS can be monitored in the local microenvironment of cells in real time at the ...
Chan Elsa C - - 2009
The superoxide generating enzyme NADPH oxidase has received much attention as a major cause of oxidative stress underlying vascular disease. However, there is increasing evidence that oxidant signaling involving NADPH oxidase has other important roles in cell biology. Nox family proteins are the catalytic, electron-transporting subunits of the NADPH oxidase ...
Steinbrenner Holger - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are derived from cellular oxygen metabolism and from exogenous sources. An excess of ROS results in oxidative stress and may eventually cause cell death. ROS levels within cells and in extracellular body fluids are controlled by concerted action of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants. The essential trace ...
Verbelen P J - - 2009
The volumetric productivity of the beer fermentation process can be increased by using a higher pitching rate (i.e., higher inoculum size). However, the decreased yeast net growth observed in these high cell density fermentations can have a negative impact on the physiological stability throughout subsequent yeast generations. The use of ...
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