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Gupta Seema - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves excitation of sensitizer molecules by visible light in the presence of molecular oxygen, thereby generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) through electron/energy transfer processes. The ROS, thus produced can cause damage to both the structure and the function of the cellular constituents resulting in cell death. ...
Santos Ana R - - 2010
Nanotechnology has the potential to provide agriculture with new tools that may be used in the rapid detection and molecular treatment of diseases and enhancement of plant ability to absorb nutrients, among others. Data on nanoparticle toxicity in plants is largely heterogeneous with a diversity of physicochemical parameters reported, which ...
Zhu Yan - - 2010
This article reviews the application of the human airway Calu-3 cell line as a respiratory model for studying the effects of gas concentrations, exposure time, biophysical stress, and biological agents on human airway epithelial cells. Calu-3 cells are grown to confluence at an air-liquid interface on permeable supports. To model ...
Fercher Andreas - - 2010
Many parameters reflecting mitochondrial function and metabolic status of the cell, including the mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species, ATP, NADH, ion gradients, and ion fluxes (Ca(2+), H(+)), are amenable for analysis by live cell imaging and are widely used in many labs. However, one key metabolite - cellular oxygen ...
Cataldi Amelia - - 2010
Stress is a stimulus or a succession of stimuli tending to disrupt the homeostasis of an organism. An organism is consisting of a multitude of cells that singly undergo the effects of external factors that disturb or upset their homeostatic regulation. Stimuli acting as potential stressors are numerous, and include ...
Chien Sufan - - 2010
Healthy cells must maintain a high content of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) because almost all energy-requiring processes in cells are driven, either directly or indirectly, by hydrolysis of ATP. During ischemia or hypoxia, reduced blood flow or disturbed oxygen supply results in the disrupted balance of energy production and utilization, and ...
Ma Qiangzhong - - 2010
The successful ex vivo expansion of a large numbers of T cells is a prerequisite for adoptive immunotherapy. In this study, we found that cell density had important effects on the process of expansion of T cells in vitro. Resting T cells were activated to expand at high cell density ...
Sung Ho Joong - - 2010
Oxygen is not only required for oxidative phosphorylation but also serves as the essential substrate for the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which is implicated in ageing and tumorigenesis. Although the mitochondrion is known for its bioenergetic function, the symbiotic theory originally proposed that it provided protection against the ...
Freeman Theresa A TA School of Biomedical Engineering and College of Drexel Medicine, Drexel University, 3120 Market Street, 323 Bossone, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
Idiopathic arthrofibrosis occurs in 3-4% of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, little is known about the cellular or molecular changes involved in the onset or progression of this condition. To classify the histomorphologic changes and evaluate potential contributing factors, periarticular tissues from the knees of patients with ...
Koroleva Olga A - - 2009
The mechanisms of long-term adaptation to low oxygen environment are quite well studied, but little is known about the sensing of oxygen shortage, the signal transduction and the short-term effects of hypoxia in plant cells. We have found that an RNA helicase eIF4A-III, a putative component of the Exon Junction ...
Signorelli Sara - - 2010
Under hypoxic conditions eukaryotic cells and tissues undergo adaptive responses involving glycolysis, angiogenesis, vasoconstriction and inflammation. The underlying molecular mechanisms are not yet fully elucidated and are most likely cell and tissue specific. In the lung, alveolar epithelial cells and microvascular endothelial cells are highly sensitive to hypoxia and together ...
Chen Shiguo - - 2010
Tenuazonic acid (TeA), a nonhost-specific phytotoxin produced by Alternaria alternata, was determined to be a novel natural photosynthesis inhibitor owning several action sites in chloroplasts. To further elucidate the mode of its action, studies were conducted to assess the production and involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the toxic ...
Hackbarth Steffen - - 2010
The kinetics of chemical singlet oxygen quencher consumption inside living cells during low dose illumination was revealed via time resolved singlet oxygen luminescence detection. Deviations of the measured data from the common theoretical model for (1)O(2) kinetics forced the authors to consider a one-dimensional diffusion model for description of the ...
Heikkil? Teemu - - 2010
Cytotoxicity of ordered mesoporous silica MCM-41 and SBA-15 microparticles (fractions between 1 and 160 microm) was determined in vitro on undifferentiated human colon carcinoma (Caco-2) cell line, considering the feasibility of using these silica-based materials in oral drug formulations. The cellular endpoints employed for assessing the effects of the MCM-41 ...
Bastianelli Fiorenza - - 2010
Salicylic acid (SA) is known to play an important role in the interaction between plant and micro-organisms, both symbiotic and pathogen. In particular, high levels of SA block nodule formation and mycorrhizal colonization in plants. A mutant of Lotus japonicus, named Ljsym4-2, was characterized as unable to establish positive interactions ...
Kato Shinya - - 2010
The UVA-irradiation of 10 J/cm(2) on HaCaT keratinocytes increased 59.1% of the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by NBT assay and the cell viability decreased to 31.5% by WST-1 assay, comparing to the non-irradiated control. In the presence of fullerene-C60 (C60) incorporated in phospholipid membrane vehicle (LiposomeFullerene: Lpsm-Flln) of 250-500 ...
Strecker Valentina - - 2010
Elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels have been observed in mammals during aging, implying an important role of ROS in the aging process. Most bird species are known to live longer and to contain lower ROS levels than mammals of the same body weight. The influence of ROS on the ...
Chen Hai-Min - - 2009
Previous studies have shown that highly sulfated lambda-carrageenan oligosaccharides (lambda-CO) possess an anti-angiogenetic effect, while high concentrations of lambda-CO present a cytotoxic effect towards human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The aim of this study was to explore the underlying mechanism of lambda-CO on inhibiting cell proliferation. lambda-CO elicited reactive ...
Sun Dan - - 2009
Mangostin (MAG), a kind of xanthone widely used in diet and medicine, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. On account of its antioxidant activity, MAG might protect cancer cells from free radical damage in photodynamic therapy (PDT) during which reactive oxygen species production was stimulated leading to irreversible tumor ...
Nishizawa Chiho - - 2009
The biological activities of C(60)-bis(N,N-dimethylpyrrolidinium iodide), a water-soluble cationic fullerene derivative, on human promyeloleukaemia (HL-60) cells were investigated. The pyrrolidinium fullerene derivative showed cytotoxicity in HL-60 cells. The characteristics of apoptosis, such as DNA fragmentation and condensation of chromatin in HL-60 cells, were observed by exposure to the pyrrolidinium fullerene ...
Ito Shinji - - 2009
5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and its methyl ester (5-ALA-Me) at mM concentration levels induce oxidative stress via the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Human cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and HepG2) incubated in the dark in the simultaneous presence of 5.0 mM or more 5-ALA or 5-ALA-Me (for MCF-7) and 7 ...
Paddenberg Renate - - 2009
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) is a key transcription factor orchestrating hypoxic and inflammatory reactions. Here, we determined the impact of organ preservation solutions (Celsior; histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution, HTK; University of Wisconsin solution; UW), oxygen supply, and temperature on HIF-1alpha accumulation, recorded by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry, in the human hepatoma cell line ...
Koroleva Olga A - - 2009
The mechanisms of long-term adaptation to low oxygen environment are quite well studied, but little is known about the sensing of oxygen shortage, the signal transduction and the shortterm effects of hypoxia in plant cells. We have found that an RNA helicase eIF4A-III, a putative component of the Exon Junction ...
Xu Yue - - 2009
Recent studies suggest that oxygen tension has a great impact on the osteogenic differentiation capacity of mesenchymal cells derived from adipose tissue: reduced oxygen impedes osteogenesis. We have found that expansion of mouse adipose-derived stromal cells (mASCs) in reduced oxygen tension (10%) results in increased cell proliferation along with induction ...
Richards Sabrina M SM Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2009
Superoxide and its derivatives have been implicated as secondary messenger molecules that influence signaling cascades in non-phagocytes. B lymphocytes produce superoxide after BCR ligation. We found that these ROS regulate B-cell signaling and entry into the cell cycle. B cells from mice deficient in the gp91(phox) subunit of the NADPH ...
Gimi Barjor B UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. - - 2009
With strides in stem cell biology, cell engineering and molecular therapy, the transplantation of cells to produce therapeutic molecules endogenously is an attractive and achievable alternative to the use of exogenous drugs. The encapsulation of such cell transplants in semi-permeable, nanoporous constructs is often required to protect them from immune ...
Thomas Peter C - - 2009
Oxygen tension in mammalian cell culture can profoundly affect cellular differentiation, viability, and proliferation. However, precise measurement of dissolved oxygen in real time remains difficult. We report a new noninvasive sensor that can accurately measure oxygen concentration during cell culture while being compatible with live-cell imaging techniques such as fluorescence ...
Weeks Amanda J - - 2010
Hypoxia occurs frequently in cancers and can lead to therapeutic resistance due to poor perfusion and loss of the oxygen enhancement effect. (64)Cu-ATSM has shown promise as a hypoxia diagnostic agent due to its selective uptake and retention in hypoxic cells and its emission of positrons for PET imaging. (64)Cu ...
Brandon-Warner Elizabeth - - 2010
Chronic ethanol consumption is a known risk factor for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The use of plant-derived antioxidants is gaining increasing clinical prominence as a potential therapy to ameliorate the effects of ethanol on hepatic disease development and progression. This study demonstrates silibinin, a biologically active flavanoid derived from milk ...
Na Ni - - 2010
Hypoxia can cause stress and structural changes to the epithelial cytoskeleton. The intermediate filament (IF) network is known to reorganize in response to stress. We examined whether rats exposed to hypoxia had altered keratin IF expression in their alveolar epithelial type II (ATII) cells. There was a significant decrease in ...
Naldini Antonella - - 2010
Immune cells play an important role in the onset of angiogenesis. Here, we report that VEGF represents the major proangiogenic factor expressed by T cells exposed to hypoxia, a common feature of inflammation and tumor microenvironment. The supernatants of hypoxic T cells were highly angiogenic when delivered on the chick ...
Nishizawa Chiho - - 2009
The biological activities of C(60)-bis(N,N-dimethylpyrrolidinium iodide), a water-soluble cationic fullerene derivative, on human promyeloleukaemia (HL-60) cells were investigated. The pyrrolidinium fullerene derivative showed cytotoxicity in HL-60 cells. The characteristics of apoptosis, such as DNa fragmentation and condensation of chromatin in HL-60 cells, were observed by exposure to the pyrrolidinium fullerene ...
Sun Xin - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: (99m)Tc-BnAO is one of the nonnitroimidazole hypoxia markers with the highest citation and could be potentially useful in both oncology and other clinical applications. However, it appears inferior in vitro due to lower absolute accumulation and smaller anoxic/normoxic uptake ratio. It is possible that the analogues of (99m)Tc-BnAO have ...
Antosiewicz J - - 2009
There is general agreement that oxidative stress may induce apoptotic and necrotic cell death. Recently it has been shown that NADH can be considered an important antioxidant as it reacts with peroxyl and alkoxyl radicals under in vitro conditions. Therefore, in the present study we hypothesized that an increase in ...
Theodossiou Theodossis A - - 2009
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an established anticancer treatment employing a phototoxin (photosensitizer), visible light and oxygen. The latter is photochemically converted into reactive oxygen species, which are highly toxic to the cells. Hypericin, a natural pigment of hypericum plants, is prominent among photosensitizers. The unique perylenequinone structure of hypericin is ...
Snyder Colleen M - - 2009
Mitochondria can initiate cell death or activate genes that promote cell survival in response to low oxygen. The BCL-2 family of proteins regulate cell death in response to anoxia (0-0.5% O2). By contrast, under hypoxia (0.5-3% O2), mitochondrial oxidative stress activates hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) to promote cell survival. In this ...
Wang Xiaohui - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine is an amide type local anesthetic which is widely used for epidural anesthesia and nerve blockade in patients. However, local administration of bupivacaine could cause neuron injury showing transient neurologic symptoms. alpha-Lipoic acid (LA) was shown to protect nerve cells from substance-induced injury. We hypothesized that LA administration ...
Ondicova K - - 2010
Oxygen represents an essential molecule for organisms. Because of this, sophisticated systems of sensors have evolved to monitor oxygenation of tissues. We propose that monoamine-synthesizing cells represent an important part of this system. It is well known that the carotid body, which contains chromaffin cells, serves as a chemical sensor ...
Oyama Kyohei - - 2009
Many researchers have hypothesized that differences in reactive oxygen species levels can trigger the cellular decision between hypertrophy and cell death in cardiomyocytes. In the present study, we examined the relationship between reactive oxygen species levels and hypertrophy or cell death in H9c2 cardiomyocytes after the addition of hydrogen peroxide. ...
Onuma Kunishige - - 2009
Nanoparticles are prevalent in both commercial and medicinal products; however, the contribution of nanomaterials to carcinogenesis remains unclear. We therefore examined the effects of nano-sized titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) on poorly tumorigenic and nonmetastatic QR-32 fibrosarcoma cells. We found that mice that were cotransplanted subcutaneously with QR-32 cells and nano-sized TiO(2), ...
Newsholme P - - 2009
It is now widely accepted that reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to cell and tissue dysfunction and damage in diabetes. The source of ROS in the insulin secreting pancreatic beta cells has traditionally been considered to be the mitochondrial electron transport chain. While this source is undoubtedly important, we fully ...
Doughty D M - - 2009
2-Methylhopanes, molecular fossils of 2-methylbacteriohopanepolyol (2-MeBHP) lipids, have been proposed as biomarkers for cyanobacteria, and by extension, oxygenic photosynthesis. However, the robustness of this interpretation is unclear, as 2-methylhopanoids occur in organisms besides cyanobacteria and their physiological functions are unknown. As a first step toward understanding the role of 2-MeBHP ...
Moon Eun-Yi - - 2009
High concentration of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a role in damaging biological systems. We isolated clitocybin A from the culture broth of Clitocybe aurantiaca and then clitocybin B and C derivatives were synthesized from clitocybin A. IMR-90 lung fibroblast cells were pre-treated or post-treated with clitocybin A, B ...
López-Barneo José - - 2009
The carotid body (CB) is a neural crest-derived organ whose function is to elicit hyperventilation in response to hypoxemia. The CB contains clusters of neuron-like glomus cells enveloped by glia-like sustentacular cells. CB responsiveness to acute hypoxia relies on the inhibition of O2-sensitive K+ channels in glomus cells, which leads ...
Campbell Jinx - - 2009
Tricladium, with 21 accepted species, is the largest genus of aquatic hyphomycetes. It encompasses species with dematiaceous as well as mucedinaceous colonies. Conidiogenesis is thalloblastic; conidiogenous cells proliferate percurrently or sympodially. Conidia have typically two alternate primary lateral branches. Fontanospora and Variocladium are segregates of Tricladium, differing by conidial branching. ...
Pyr dit Ruys Sebastien - - 2009
The master regulator of the adaptive response to hypoxia is HIF-1. However, while some data show that HIF-1 can control more than 80% of the genes induced under hypoxia, other experiments clearly demonstrate that a part of the hypoxic response is independent of HIF-1. The goal of this study was ...
Baumgart Judith - - 2009
Femtosecond (fs) laser-based cell surgery is typically done in two different regimes, at kHz or MHz repetition rate. Formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is an often predicted effect due to illumination with short laser pulses in biological tissue. We present our study on ROS formation in single cells in ...
Scharenberg Andrew M - - 2009
Recent reports have linked the adenine nucleotide 2nd messenger gated Ca (2+) channel TRPM2 with hydrogen peroxide-induced pancreatic β-cell death in mouse and rat systems. As β-cells are exposed in vivo to reactive oxygen species produced via the respiratory chain and NADPH oxidases (reviewed in (3, 4) ), these reports ...
Mondragon-Teran Paul - - 2009
Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are capable of proliferating indefinitely in vitro whilst retaining their ability to differentiate into cells of every adult lineage. Efficient, high yield processes, which direct differentiation of ESC to specific lineages, will underpin the development of cost-effective drug screening and cell therapy products. The aim of ...
Wang Ling - - 2009
This study investigated the factors influencing the oxygen metabolism of aortic valve interstitial cells (VICs). Porcine VICs in cell suspension at different passages, and adhered to coverslips at different confluencies, as well as fresh porcine valve leaflets, were incubated in an oxygen respiration chamber at 37 degrees C in Dulbecco's ...
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