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Zhdanov Alexander V - - 2010
Quenched-phosphorescence oxygen (O(2)) sensing technique allows non-invasive, real-time monitoring of both intra- and extracellular O(2) concentration in respiring samples. Using this technique we investigated O(2) gradients in populations of neurosecretory PC12 cells cultured in 96-well plates and exposed to graded hypoxia at rest and upon metabolic stimulation. Under high atmospheric ...
Chowdhury Rajdeep - - 2010
Arsenic is a well-established human carcinogen; however molecular mechanisms to arsenic-induced carcinogenesis are complex and elusive. The present study identifies a potential biomarker of arsenic exposure, and redefines arsenic-induced signaling in stimulation of cell proliferation. The effect of arsenic exposure on gene expression was evaluated in PBMC of arsenic-exposed individuals ...
Li Hui - - 2011
Batch fermentative production of welan gum by Alcaligenes sp. CGMCC2428 was investigated under various oxygen supply conditions using regulating agitation speed. Based on a three kinetic parameters analysis that includes specific cell growth rate (μ), specific glucose consumption rate (q (s)), and specific welan formation rate (q (p)), a two-stage ...
San Miguel Symone M - - 2010
Smoking is associated with an increased risk of oral health and dental problems. The aim of this study is to address the hypothesis that nicotine impairs wound healing by increasing reactive oxygen species and inhibiting cell migration, and antioxidants (AOs) may counteract nicotine effects. Primary human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and ...
Lovett Michael - - 2010
Large-scale tissue engineering is limited by nutrient perfusion and mass transport limitations, especially oxygen diffusion, which restrict construct development to smaller than clinically relevant dimensions and limit the ability for in vivo integration. The goal of this work was to develop a modular approach to tissue engineering, where scaffold and ...
Kim Tae-Hee - - 2010
Overexpression of c-Myc represents the most frequently deregulated genetic event in cancer, and therefore c-Myc may represent a good molecular target for cancer therapy. The human lung carcinoma cell line, NCI-H1299, shows resistance to conventional cancer treatments, such as ionizing radiation (IR) and cisplatin, while the lung carcinoma cell line, ...
Pires Isabel M - - 2010
Severe hypoxia has been demonstrated to induce a replication arrest which is associated with decreased levels of nucleotides. Chk1 is rapidly phosphorylated in response to severe hypoxia and in turn deactivates TLK1 through phosphorylation. Loss of Chk1 has been shown to sensitize cells to hypoxia/reoxygenation. After short (acute) exposure to ...
Yang Fen - - 2010
Hirsutanol A is a novel sesquiterpene compound purified from fungus chondrostereum sp in Sarcophyton tortuosum. Its pharmacologic effect has not been reported yet. This study aimed to investigate cytotoxic effect of Hirsutanol A on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and its mechanism. Hep3B cells were treated with different concentrations of Hirsutanol ...
Jung Seung Eun - - 2010
Bcl-2 interacting cell death suppressor (Bis), also known as Bag3, has been implicated in anti-stress and anti-apoptotic pathways. In a previous study, we observed a significant induction of Bis in reactive astrocytes of the rat hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia. To investigate the significance of this induction in ischemic injury, ...
Hu Ren - - 2010
The oxidative stress responses of single MG63 osteosarcoma cells submitted to a brief mechanical stress have been investigated by amperometry at platinized carbon fiber electrodes for monitoring and characterizing the nature and the amounts of the various reactive oxygen (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) released. It was thus shown ...
Wadhwa Saurabh - - 2010
D-penicillamine is an aminothiol that is cytotoxic to cancer cells and generates dose dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) via copper catalyzed oxidation. However, the delivery of D-pen to cancer cells remains a challenge due to its high hydrophilicity, highly reactive thiol group and impermeability to the cell membrane. To overcome ...
Piotrowski Wojciech J - - 2010
This study was designed to examine the mutual relationship between 8-isoprostane in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and superoxide anion generation by bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells in patients with sarcoidosis. About 29 patients with sarcoidosis, 34 healthy never smokers (control group for EBC) and 15 healthy never smokers (control group ...
Rodrigues Carlos A V - - 2010
Neural stem (NS) cells can provide a source of material with potential applications for neural drug testing, developmental studies, or novel treatments for neurodegenerative diseases. Herein, the ex vivo expansion of a model system of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cell-derived NS cells was characterized and optimized, cells being cultivated under ...
Maraldi Tullia - - 2010
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play critical roles in vascular pathophysiology and in hematological malignancies. VEGF is supposed to utilize ROS as messenger intermediates downstream of the VEGF receptor-2. NAD(P)H oxidase (Nox) family is a major source of cellular ROS and is implicated in increased ...
Heywood Hannah K - - 2010
In the absence of in vivo measurements, the oxygen concentration within articular cartilage is calculated from the balance between cellular oxygen consumption and mass transfer. Current estimates of the oxygen tension within articular cartilage are based on oxygen consumption data from full-depth tissue samples. However, superficial and deep cell subpopulations ...
Dozio Elena - - 2010
Unlike normal cells, tumor cells survive in a specific redox environment where the elevated reactive oxygen species contribute to enhance cell proliferation and to suppress apoptosis. Alpha-lipoic acid, a naturally occurring reactive oxygen species scavenger, has been shown to possess anticancer activity, due to its ability to suppress proliferation and ...
Yano Taisuke - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species are generated within peroxisomes during peroxisomal metabolism. However, due to technological difficulties, the intraperoxisomal redox state remain elusive, and the effect of peroxisome deficiency on the intracellular redox state is controversial. A newly developed, genetically encoded fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) probe, Redoxfluor, senses the physiological redox ...
Buranrat Benjaporn B Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, - - 2010
To investigate whether dicoumarol, a potent inhibitor of NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1), potentiates gemcitabine to induce cytotoxicity in cholangiocarcinoma cells (CCA) and the role of reactive oxygen generation in sensitizing the cells. Four human cell lines with different NQO1 activity were used; the human CCA cell lines, KKU-100, KKU-OCA17, KKU-M214, ...
Olson Kenneth R - - 2010
Vertebrate cardiorespiratory homeostasis is inextricably dependent upon specialized cells that provide feedback on oxygen status in the tissues, blood, and on occasion, environment. These "oxygen sensing" cells include chemoreceptors and oxygen-sensitive chromaffin cells that initiate cardiorespiratory reflexes, vascular smooth muscle cells that adjust perfusion to metabolism or ventilation, and other ...
Bartusik Dorota - - 2010
Oximetry of the human T-Lymphoblastoid (CEM) cells was measured using (19)F magnetic resonance imaging ((19)F MRI). The cells were treated with the analogues of vitamin E, alpha-, gamma-, delta-tocopherols and corresponding tocotrienols, ex vivo in three-dimensional (3D) cell culture. The study showed that (19)F MRI allows to measure the effect ...
Stoycheva Teodora - - 2010
Here we provide evidence for a dependence between the increased production of reactive oxygen species and the activation of Ty1 retrotransposition. We have found that the strong activator of Ty1 mobility, methylmethane sulphonate, can not induce Ty1 retrotransposition in cells with compromised mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (rho(-); sco1Delta), which is the ...
Erkeko─člu Pinar - - 2010
The current study was designed to investigate possible protective effect of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) in nitrite- and nitrosamine-treated human hepatoma cells (HepG2) with the evaluation by cytotoxic effects and genotoxic effects determined by the single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE). Allyl isothiocyanate treatment enhanced cell viability and reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species ...
Yang Ming-Xian - - 2010
Comb building in mixed-species colonies of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera was studied. Two types of cell-size foundation were made from the waxes of these species and inserted into mixed colonies headed either by an A. cerana or an A. mellifera queen. The colonies did not discriminate between the waxes ...
Indelicato Manuela - - 2010
Survival strategies adopted by tumor cells in response to a hypoxic stress include activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and autophagy. However, the importance and the function of each molecular response is not well defined. In the present study, we investigated invasiveness, migration, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activity, and cell survival ...
Nam Hyun-Ja - - 2010
Wound healing requires re-epithelialization from the wound margin through keratinocyte proliferation and migration, and some growth factors are known to influence this process. In the present study, we found that the co-treatment with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and TGF-beta1 resulted in enhanced migration of HaCaT cells compared with either growth ...
Tian Niu - - 2010
Previously, we demonstrated that cytochrome P450 2B1 (CYP2B1) can generate reactive oxygen species in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced nephrotic syndrome, an animal model of minimal-change disease in humans. In this study we found that overexpression of CYP2B1 in rat glomerular epithelial cells in vitro significantly increased PAN-induced reactive oxygen species generation, ...
Banerjee Madhuchanda - - 2010
Herein we report synergy in antimicrobial activity of a chitosan-silver nanoparticle (CS-Ag NP) composite in the presence of molecular iodine. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing recombinant Escherichia coli bacteria have been used to test the efficacy and establish the mechanism of action. Experimental evidence indicate significantly high bactericidal activity of ...
Hebels Dennie G A J - - 2010
N-nitroso compounds (NOCs) may be implicated in human colon carcinogenesis, but the toxicological mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. Because it was previously demonstrated that nitrosamines and nitrosamides, representing two classes of NOC, induce distinct gene expression effects in colon cells that are particularly related to oxidative stress, we hypothesized ...
Chin Melanie P - - 2010
Knowledge of the rates at which macrophages and epithelial cells synthesize NO is critical for predicting the concentrations of NO and other reactive nitrogen species in colonic crypts during inflammation, and elucidating the linkage between inflammatory bowel disease, NO, and cancer. Macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells, primary bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM), and ...
Curcio Efrem - - 2010
On June 2008, the first human tissue-engineered trachea replacement was performed using decellularized (de-antigenised) cadaveric donor trachea, seeded with recipient epithelial cells on the internal surface of the graft and mesenchymal stem-cell-derived chondrocytes on the external. During the follow-up, cytological analysis at 4 postoperative days showed a migration of the ...
Marques Marco P C - - 2010
The microwell-scale approach is widely used for screening purposes and one-pot biotransformations, but it has seldom been applied to complex whole cell multistep bioconversions, requiring prolonged incubation periods. The present study aims to contribute to filling this gap. The side-chain cleavage of sitosterol to androstenedione (AD) with Mycobacterium sp. NRRL ...
Chen Hui-Ling - - 2010
Bioguided fractionation of the CHCl(3) extracts obtained from Celastrus kusanoi stems led to isolation of two new terpenoids, 3beta-hydroxy-11,14-oxo-abieta-8,12-diene (1) and 3beta-trans-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyloxy)-11alpha-methoxy-12-ursene (2), and four known compounds characterized by spectroscopic methods. Compounds 1 and 2 and known triterpenoid erythrodiol (3) exhibited cytotoxic activity against bladder cancer cells (NTUB1) with IC(50) ...
Fujita Hideaki - - 2010
We have studied the effect of enhanced oxygen delivery by perfluorocarbons on the differentiation of C2C12 cells. The extent of differentiation was assessed by means of phase contrast/fluorescence microscopy, active tension measurement and the glucose consumption/lactate production rates. We found that enhanced oxygen delivery is suitable for full differentiation of ...
Gao Dan - - 2010
A novel method based on fluorescence detection of hydrogel encapsulated cells in microchannels was developed for anticancer drug analysis. In this work, human hepatoma HepG2 cells and human lung epithelial A549 cells were simultaneously immobilized inside two different shapes of three-dimensional hydrogel microstructures using photolithography approach on a same array. ...
Carrera Samantha S Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester LE1 9HN, United - - 2010
Oxygen availability has important effects on cell physiology. Although hyperoxic and hypoxic stresses have been well characterized, little is known about cellular functions in the oxygen levels commonly found in vivo. Here, we show that p53-dependent apoptosis in response to different DNA-damaging agents was reduced when normal and cancer cells ...
Wenger Roland H - - 2010
The kidney is a major site of systemic oxygen sensing, regulating blood erythrocyte and hence oxygen content by hypoxia-inducible erythropoietin (Epo) expression. A constant ratio between blood perfusion and oxygen consumption, a stable corticomedullary oxygen gradient, and a relatively low tissue Po(2) are the prerequisites for the function of renal ...
Huang Xian-Ju - - 2010
Quinoxaline 1,4-dioxides (QdNOs) derivatives, the potent synthetic antibacterial group used in food-producing animals, are assumed to have pro-oxidant properties. However, how oxidative stress mediated their adrenal toxicity is far from clear. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of three QdNOs, i.e. olaquindox (OLA), mequindox (MEQ), and ...
Hoyt Mirth T - - 2011
Cribrostatin 6 is a quinone-containing natural product that induces the death of cancer cell lines in culture, and its mechanism of action and scope of activity are unknown. Here we show that cribrostatin 6 has broad anticancer activity, potently inducing apoptotic cell death that is not preceded by any defined ...
Kim Jinu - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) function as an inducer of cell death and survival or proliferative factor, in a cell-type-specific and concentration-dependent manner. All of these roles are critical to ischemia-induced renal functional impairment and progressive fibrotic changes in the kidney. In an effort to define the role of ROS in ...
Chaudhuri Leena L Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United - - 2010
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and their metabolites are environmental chemical contaminants which can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) by auto-oxidation of di-hydroxy PCBs as well as the reduction of quinones and redox-cycling. We investigate the hypothesis that 2-(4-chlorophenyl)benzo-1,4-quinone (4-Cl-BQ), a metabolite of 4-chlorobiphenyl (PCB3), induced ROS-signaling inhibits cellular proliferation. Monolayer cultures ...
Macreadie Ian G - - 2010
Dopamine is a key monamine neurotransmitter, yet it can also exhibit toxicity to neuronal cells. There are suggestions that dopamine may be neurotoxic due to its propensity to induce the formation of reactive oxygen species, which may in turn adversely affect mitochondrial function and cell viability. In this study, the ...
Taibi Gennaro - - 2010
Xanthine oxidase (XO) plays an important role in various forms of ischemic and vascular injuries, inflammatory diseases and chronic heart failure. The XO inhibitors allopurinol and oxypurinol held considerable promise in the treatment of these conditions both in experimental animals and in human clinical trials. More recently, an endothelium-based protective ...
Kato Shinya - - 2010
We dissolved fullerene-C60 in squalane (LipoFullerene; LF-SQ, C60-eq.: 500 ppm) and examined its defensive effects against 2,4-nonadienal (NDA)-induced cell injury in HaCaT keratinocytes and wrinkle formation in three dimensional (3D)-human skin tissue model. NDA is an analog of 4-hydroxynonenal, one of major causes for human body odor indicative of aging ...
Yan Fei - - 2010
This study reports that photosensitizers encapsulated in supramolecular protein cages can be internalized by tumor cells and can deliver singlet oxygen intracellularly for photodynamic therapy (PDT). As an alternative to other polymeric and/or inorganic nanocarriers and nanoconjugates, which may also deliver photosensitizers to the inside of the target cells, protein ...
Genetos Damian C - - 2010
Cell-based approaches are a promising therapeutic strategy for treating injuries to the nervous system, but the optimal means to promote neurite extension and direct cellular behavior are unclear. Previous studies have examined the behavior of neural-like cells in ambient air (21% oxygen tension), yet these conditions are not representative of ...
Stevenson Laura - - 2010
Neovascularization occurs in response to tissue ischemia and growth factor stimulation. In ischemic retinopathies, however, new vessels fail to restore the hypoxic tissue; instead, they infiltrate the transparent vitreous. In a model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), TNFalpha and iNOS, upregulated in response to tissue ischemia, are cytotoxic and inhibit vascular ...
Forkink Marleen - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed upon incomplete reduction of molecular oxygen (O2) as an inevitable consequence of mitochondrial metabolism. Because ROS can damage biomolecules, cells contain elaborate antioxidant defense systems to prevent oxidative stress. In addition to their damaging effect, ROS can also operate as intracellular signaling molecules. Given ...
Geissbuehler Matthias - - 2010
The measurement of tissue and cell oxygenation is important for understanding cell metabolism. We have addressed this problem with a novel optical technique, called triplet imaging, that exploits oxygen-induced triplet lifetime changes and is compatible with a variety of fluorophores. A modulated excitation of varying pulse widths allows the extraction ...
Dearling Jason L J - - 2010
Cu(II)-ATSM continues to be investigated, both in the laboratory and in the clinic, as a tumor hypoxia imaging agent. However, meaningful interpretation of these images requires a more complete understanding of the mechanism by which the tracer is trapped within the cell. Cu(II)-ATSM is a simple molecule and its biochemical ...
Rastogi Anshu - - 2010
Biophotons spontaneously emitted from radish root cells were detected using highly sensitive photomultiplier tube. Freshly isolated radish root cells exhibited spontaneous photon emission of about 4 counts s(-1). Addition of hydrogen peroxide to the cells caused significant enhancement in biophoton emission to about 500 counts s(-1). Removal of molecular oxygen ...
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