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Fujita Hideaki - - 2010
We have studied the effect of enhanced oxygen delivery by perfluorocarbons on the differentiation of C2C12 cells. The extent of differentiation was assessed by means of phase contrast/fluorescence microscopy, active tension measurement and the glucose consumption/lactate production rates. We found that enhanced oxygen delivery is suitable for full differentiation of ...
Carrera Samantha - - 2010
Oxygen availability has important effects on cell physiology. Although hyperoxic and hypoxic stresses have been well characterized, little is known about cellular functions in the oxygen levels commonly found in vivo. Here, we show that p53-dependent apoptosis in response to different DNA-damaging agents was reduced when normal and cancer cells ...
Gao Dan - - 2010
A novel method based on fluorescence detection of hydrogel encapsulated cells in microchannels was developed for anticancer drug analysis. In this work, human hepatoma HepG2 cells and human lung epithelial A549 cells were simultaneously immobilized inside two different shapes of three-dimensional hydrogel microstructures using photolithography approach on a same array. ...
Wenger Roland H - - 2010
The kidney is a major site of systemic oxygen sensing, regulating blood erythrocyte and hence oxygen content by hypoxia-inducible erythropoietin (Epo) expression. A constant ratio between blood perfusion and oxygen consumption, a stable corticomedullary oxygen gradient, and a relatively low tissue Po(2) are the prerequisites for the function of renal ...
Huang Xian-Ju - - 2010
Quinoxaline 1,4-dioxides (QdNOs) derivatives, the potent synthetic antibacterial group used in food-producing animals, are assumed to have pro-oxidant properties. However, how oxidative stress mediated their adrenal toxicity is far from clear. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of three QdNOs, i.e. olaquindox (OLA), mequindox (MEQ), and ...
Hoyt Mirth T - - 2011
Cribrostatin 6 is a quinone-containing natural product that induces the death of cancer cell lines in culture, and its mechanism of action and scope of activity are unknown. Here we show that cribrostatin 6 has broad anticancer activity, potently inducing apoptotic cell death that is not preceded by any defined ...
Kim Jinu - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) function as an inducer of cell death and survival or proliferative factor, in a cell-type-specific and concentration-dependent manner. All of these roles are critical to ischemia-induced renal functional impairment and progressive fibrotic changes in the kidney. In an effort to define the role of ROS in ...
Chaudhuri Leena - - 2010
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and their metabolites are environmental chemical contaminants which can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) by auto-oxidation of di-hydroxy PCBs as well as the reduction of quinones and redox-cycling. We investigate the hypothesis that 2-(4-chlorophenyl)benzo-1,4-quinone (4-Cl-BQ), a metabolite of 4-chlorobiphenyl (PCB3), induced ROS-signaling inhibits cellular proliferation. Monolayer cultures ...
Macreadie Ian G - - 2010
Dopamine is a key monamine neurotransmitter, yet it can also exhibit toxicity to neuronal cells. There are suggestions that dopamine may be neurotoxic due to its propensity to induce the formation of reactive oxygen species, which may in turn adversely affect mitochondrial function and cell viability. In this study, the ...
Taibi Gennaro - - 2010
Xanthine oxidase (XO) plays an important role in various forms of ischemic and vascular injuries, inflammatory diseases and chronic heart failure. The XO inhibitors allopurinol and oxypurinol held considerable promise in the treatment of these conditions both in experimental animals and in human clinical trials. More recently, an endothelium-based protective ...
Kato Shinya - - 2010
We dissolved fullerene-C60 in squalane (LipoFullerene; LF-SQ, C60-eq.: 500 ppm) and examined its defensive effects against 2,4-nonadienal (NDA)-induced cell injury in HaCaT keratinocytes and wrinkle formation in three dimensional (3D)-human skin tissue model. NDA is an analog of 4-hydroxynonenal, one of major causes for human body odor indicative of aging ...
Yan Fei - - 2010
This study reports that photosensitizers encapsulated in supramolecular protein cages can be internalized by tumor cells and can deliver singlet oxygen intracellularly for photodynamic therapy (PDT). As an alternative to other polymeric and/or inorganic nanocarriers and nanoconjugates, which may also deliver photosensitizers to the inside of the target cells, protein ...
Genetos Damian C - - 2010
Cell-based approaches are a promising therapeutic strategy for treating injuries to the nervous system, but the optimal means to promote neurite extension and direct cellular behavior are unclear. Previous studies have examined the behavior of neural-like cells in ambient air (21% oxygen tension), yet these conditions are not representative of ...
Stevenson Laura - - 2010
Neovascularization occurs in response to tissue ischemia and growth factor stimulation. In ischemic retinopathies, however, new vessels fail to restore the hypoxic tissue; instead, they infiltrate the transparent vitreous. In a model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), TNFalpha and iNOS, upregulated in response to tissue ischemia, are cytotoxic and inhibit vascular ...
Forkink Marleen - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed upon incomplete reduction of molecular oxygen (O2) as an inevitable consequence of mitochondrial metabolism. Because ROS can damage biomolecules, cells contain elaborate antioxidant defense systems to prevent oxidative stress. In addition to their damaging effect, ROS can also operate as intracellular signaling molecules. Given ...
Geissbuehler Matthias - - 2010
The measurement of tissue and cell oxygenation is important for understanding cell metabolism. We have addressed this problem with a novel optical technique, called triplet imaging, that exploits oxygen-induced triplet lifetime changes and is compatible with a variety of fluorophores. A modulated excitation of varying pulse widths allows the extraction ...
Dearling Jason L J - - 2010
Cu(II)-ATSM continues to be investigated, both in the laboratory and in the clinic, as a tumor hypoxia imaging agent. However, meaningful interpretation of these images requires a more complete understanding of the mechanism by which the tracer is trapped within the cell. Cu(II)-ATSM is a simple molecule and its biochemical ...
Rastogi Anshu - - 2010
Biophotons spontaneously emitted from radish root cells were detected using highly sensitive photomultiplier tube. Freshly isolated radish root cells exhibited spontaneous photon emission of about 4 counts s(-1). Addition of hydrogen peroxide to the cells caused significant enhancement in biophoton emission to about 500 counts s(-1). Removal of molecular oxygen ...
Fercher Andreas - - 2010
Several new derivatives of the phosphorescent Pt(II)-coproporphyrin (PtCP) were evaluated with respect to the sensing of intracellular oxygen by phosphorescence quenching. Despite the more favorable molecular charge compared to PtCP, self-loading into mammalian cells was rather inefficient for all the dyes, while cell loading by facilitated transport using transfection reagents ...
Ameri K - - 2010
Tumours contain hypoxic regions that select for an aggressive cell phenotype; tumour hypoxia induces metastasis-associated genes. Treatment refractory patients with metastatic cancer show increased numbers of circulating tumour cells (CTCs), which are also associated with disease progression. The aim of this study was to examine the as yet unknown relationship ...
Guo Huichen - - 2010
The photodynamic effect of upconversion nanoparticles loaded with a photosensitizer was studied on murine bladder cancer cells (MB49). Mesoporous silica was coated onto sodium yttrium fluoride upconversion nanocrystals to form a core-shell structure and then loaded with the photosensitizer zinc (II)-phthalocyanine into the porous silica. The nanoparticles displayed a uniform ...
Scandurra Francesca M - - 2010
When oxygen supply to tissues is limiting, mitochondrial respiration and ATP production are compromised. To assess the bioenergetic consequences under normoxia and hypoxia, quantitative evaluation of mitochondrial oxygen kinetics is required. Using high-resolution respirometry, the "apparent K (m)" for oxygen or p (50) of respiration in 32D cells was determined ...
Li Liyuan - - 2010
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is known as a transactivator for VEGF gene promoter. It can be induced by hypoxia. However, no study has been done so far to dissect HIF-1α-mediated effects from hypoxia or VEGF-mediated effects. By using a HIF-1α knockout (HIF-1α KO) cell system in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells, ...
Eibl Regine - - 2010
Today wave-mixed bag bioreactors are common devices in modern biotechnological processes where simple, safe and flexible production has top priority. Numerous studies that have been published on ex vivo generation of cells, viruses and therapeutic agents during the last 10 years have confirmed their suitability and even superiority to stirred ...
Schumacker Paul T - - 2010
Human cells require O2 for their energy supply, and critical illness can threaten the efficient delivery of O2 in accordance with tissue metabolic needs. In the accompanying article, Martin and colleagues point out that hypoxia is a normal and well-tolerated stress during embryonic development. A better understanding of how fetal ...
Chang I-Chang - - 2010
Shikonin, a major ingredient in the Chinese traditional herb Lithospermum erythrorhixon, exhibits multiple biological functions including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor effects. In this study, we delineated the molecular mechanisms of shikonin in the apoptosis of 143B osteosarcoma cells. Shikonin reduced the cell viability of 143B cells in a dose- and ...
Freeman Theresa A - - 2010
Idiopathic arthrofibrosis occurs in 3-4% of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, little is known about the cellular or molecular changes involved in the onset or progression of this condition. To classify the histomorphologic changes and evaluate potential contributing factors, periarticular tissues from the knees of patients with ...
Eruslanov Evgeniy - - 2010
Cells constantly generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) during aerobic metabolism. The ROS generation plays an important protective and functional role in the immune system. The cell is armed with a powerful antioxidant defense system to combat excessive production of ROS. Oxidative stress occurs in cells when the generation of ROS ...
Gupta Seema - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves excitation of sensitizer molecules by visible light in the presence of molecular oxygen, thereby generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) through electron/energy transfer processes. The ROS, thus produced can cause damage to both the structure and the function of the cellular constituents resulting in cell death. ...
Santos Ana R - - 2010
Nanotechnology has the potential to provide agriculture with new tools that may be used in the rapid detection and molecular treatment of diseases and enhancement of plant ability to absorb nutrients, among others. Data on nanoparticle toxicity in plants is largely heterogeneous with a diversity of physicochemical parameters reported, which ...
Zhu Yan - - 2010
This article reviews the application of the human airway Calu-3 cell line as a respiratory model for studying the effects of gas concentrations, exposure time, biophysical stress, and biological agents on human airway epithelial cells. Calu-3 cells are grown to confluence at an air-liquid interface on permeable supports. To model ...
Fercher Andreas - - 2010
Many parameters reflecting mitochondrial function and metabolic status of the cell, including the mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species, ATP, NADH, ion gradients, and ion fluxes (Ca(2+), H(+)), are amenable for analysis by live cell imaging and are widely used in many labs. However, one key metabolite - cellular oxygen ...
Cataldi Amelia - - 2010
Stress is a stimulus or a succession of stimuli tending to disrupt the homeostasis of an organism. An organism is consisting of a multitude of cells that singly undergo the effects of external factors that disturb or upset their homeostatic regulation. Stimuli acting as potential stressors are numerous, and include ...
Chien Sufan - - 2010
Healthy cells must maintain a high content of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) because almost all energy-requiring processes in cells are driven, either directly or indirectly, by hydrolysis of ATP. During ischemia or hypoxia, reduced blood flow or disturbed oxygen supply results in the disrupted balance of energy production and utilization, and ...
Ma Qiangzhong - - 2010
The successful ex vivo expansion of a large numbers of T cells is a prerequisite for adoptive immunotherapy. In this study, we found that cell density had important effects on the process of expansion of T cells in vitro. Resting T cells were activated to expand at high cell density ...
Sung Ho Joong - - 2010
Oxygen is not only required for oxidative phosphorylation but also serves as the essential substrate for the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which is implicated in ageing and tumorigenesis. Although the mitochondrion is known for its bioenergetic function, the symbiotic theory originally proposed that it provided protection against the ...
Koroleva Olga A - - 2009
The mechanisms of long-term adaptation to low oxygen environment are quite well studied, but little is known about the sensing of oxygen shortage, the signal transduction and the short-term effects of hypoxia in plant cells. We have found that an RNA helicase eIF4A-III, a putative component of the Exon Junction ...
Signorelli Sara - - 2010
Under hypoxic conditions eukaryotic cells and tissues undergo adaptive responses involving glycolysis, angiogenesis, vasoconstriction and inflammation. The underlying molecular mechanisms are not yet fully elucidated and are most likely cell and tissue specific. In the lung, alveolar epithelial cells and microvascular endothelial cells are highly sensitive to hypoxia and together ...
Chen Shiguo - - 2010
Tenuazonic acid (TeA), a nonhost-specific phytotoxin produced by Alternaria alternata, was determined to be a novel natural photosynthesis inhibitor owning several action sites in chloroplasts. To further elucidate the mode of its action, studies were conducted to assess the production and involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the toxic ...
Hackbarth Steffen - - 2010
The kinetics of chemical singlet oxygen quencher consumption inside living cells during low dose illumination was revealed via time resolved singlet oxygen luminescence detection. Deviations of the measured data from the common theoretical model for (1)O(2) kinetics forced the authors to consider a one-dimensional diffusion model for description of the ...
Heikkil? Teemu - - 2010
Cytotoxicity of ordered mesoporous silica MCM-41 and SBA-15 microparticles (fractions between 1 and 160 microm) was determined in vitro on undifferentiated human colon carcinoma (Caco-2) cell line, considering the feasibility of using these silica-based materials in oral drug formulations. The cellular endpoints employed for assessing the effects of the MCM-41 ...
Bastianelli Fiorenza - - 2010
Salicylic acid (SA) is known to play an important role in the interaction between plant and micro-organisms, both symbiotic and pathogen. In particular, high levels of SA block nodule formation and mycorrhizal colonization in plants. A mutant of Lotus japonicus, named Ljsym4-2, was characterized as unable to establish positive interactions ...
Kato Shinya - - 2010
The UVA-irradiation of 10 J/cm(2) on HaCaT keratinocytes increased 59.1% of the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by NBT assay and the cell viability decreased to 31.5% by WST-1 assay, comparing to the non-irradiated control. In the presence of fullerene-C60 (C60) incorporated in phospholipid membrane vehicle (LiposomeFullerene: Lpsm-Flln) of 250-500 ...
Strecker Valentina - - 2010
Elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels have been observed in mammals during aging, implying an important role of ROS in the aging process. Most bird species are known to live longer and to contain lower ROS levels than mammals of the same body weight. The influence of ROS on the ...
Chen Hai-Min - - 2009
Previous studies have shown that highly sulfated lambda-carrageenan oligosaccharides (lambda-CO) possess an anti-angiogenetic effect, while high concentrations of lambda-CO present a cytotoxic effect towards human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The aim of this study was to explore the underlying mechanism of lambda-CO on inhibiting cell proliferation. lambda-CO elicited reactive ...
Sun Dan - - 2009
Mangostin (MAG), a kind of xanthone widely used in diet and medicine, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. On account of its antioxidant activity, MAG might protect cancer cells from free radical damage in photodynamic therapy (PDT) during which reactive oxygen species production was stimulated leading to irreversible tumor ...
Nishizawa Chiho - - 2009
The biological activities of C(60)-bis(N,N-dimethylpyrrolidinium iodide), a water-soluble cationic fullerene derivative, on human promyeloleukaemia (HL-60) cells were investigated. The pyrrolidinium fullerene derivative showed cytotoxicity in HL-60 cells. The characteristics of apoptosis, such as DNA fragmentation and condensation of chromatin in HL-60 cells, were observed by exposure to the pyrrolidinium fullerene ...
Ito Shinji - - 2009
5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and its methyl ester (5-ALA-Me) at mM concentration levels induce oxidative stress via the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Human cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and HepG2) incubated in the dark in the simultaneous presence of 5.0 mM or more 5-ALA or 5-ALA-Me (for MCF-7) and 7 ...
Paddenberg Renate - - 2009
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) is a key transcription factor orchestrating hypoxic and inflammatory reactions. Here, we determined the impact of organ preservation solutions (Celsior; histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution, HTK; University of Wisconsin solution; UW), oxygen supply, and temperature on HIF-1alpha accumulation, recorded by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry, in the human hepatoma cell line ...
Koroleva Olga A - - 2009
The mechanisms of long-term adaptation to low oxygen environment are quite well studied, but little is known about the sensing of oxygen shortage, the signal transduction and the shortterm effects of hypoxia in plant cells. We have found that an RNA helicase eIF4A-III, a putative component of the Exon Junction ...
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