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Luanpitpong Sudjit - - 2010
The acquired capability of tumor cells to migrate and invade neighboring tissues is associated with high metastatic potential and advanced stage of cancers. Recently, signaling molecules such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and caveolin-1 (Cav-1) have been implicated in the aggressive behavior of cancer cells. However, the roles of specific ...
Gehrmann W - - 2010
Chronically elevated concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) in type 2 diabetes may be involved in β-cell dysfunction and apoptosis. It has been shown that long-chain saturated NEFAs exhibit a strong cytotoxic effect upon insulin-producing cells, while short-chain as well as unsaturated NEFAs are well tolerated. Moreover, long-chain unsaturated NEFAs ...
Dmitriev Ruslan I - - 2010
Research on cell-penetrating peptides for the intracellular delivery of porphyrin compounds has mainly focused on the use of trans-activator of transcription (TAT)-derived peptides and, to a lesser extent, on proline-rich peptides and phosphorescent metalloporphyrins. In this article, we describe a novel phosphorescent oxygen-sensitive probe for intracellular use which comprises a ...
Stitt-Fischer Molly S - - 2010
Abstract Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) are extremely sensitive to oxygen, mediated by superoxide production. Ionizing radiation is known to generate superoxide in oxygenated aqueous media; however, at systemic oxygen levels (3%), no oxygen enhancement is observed after irradiation. A number of markers (cell growth, alamarBlue, mitochondrial membrane polarization) ...
Ma Jian - - 2011
Lomaantha phragmitis sp. nov. is described and illustrated from a specimen collected on dead culms of Phragmites communis in southern China. The fungus differs from other described Lomaantha species in its conidiophores, conidiogenous cells and conidial appendages. Conidial morphology and presence or absence of percurrent proliferation of conidiogenous cells are ...
Loureiro Samanta Oliveira - - 2011
Central nervous system dysfunctions are among the most significant effects of exposure to ethanol and the glial cells that play an important role in maintaining neuronal function, are extremely involved with these effects. The actin cytoskeleton plays a crucial role in a wide variety of cellular functions, especially when there ...
Sakuma Satoru - - 2010
Among the aldehydes derived from lipid peroxidation, there have been several reports concerning the toxicity of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), whereas little information is available about 4-oxo-2-nonenal (4-ONE). In the present study, we examined the effects of 4-HNE and 4-ONE on the cell viability of primary rat hepatocyte cultures. At concentrations of ...
Xue Yadong - - 2010
A method for real-time evaluation of cell viability was developed by using oxygen as an endogenous indicator in scanning electrochemical microscopy to monitor the nanoscale height change of a single cell in a physiological environment with a novel Pt nanodisk electrode and a newly designed step-approaching strategy.
Stiegler Philipp - - 2010
Transplanted cells, especially islet cells, are likely to become apoptotic due to local hypoxia leading to graft dysfunction. Isolated pancreatic islet cells depend on the diffusion of oxygen from the surrounding tissue; therefore, access to sufficient oxygen supply is beneficial, particularly when microcapsules are used for immunoisolation in xenotransplantation. The ...
Kim Jeong-Ah - - 2010
Brucea javanica was studied to identify nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) inhibitors exhibiting reactive oxygen species (ROS) intracellular amplification. Eight compounds were evaluated for selective cytotoxicity using HT-29, HeLa, and HL-60 cells, and in a NF-κB assay. Active compounds were then tested using ROS and mitochondria transmembrane potential (MTP) assays. NF-κB ...
Coassin Marco - - 2010
Visual loss in age-related macular degeneration usually develops secondary to choroidal neovascularisation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a critical regulator of retinal angiogenesis and vascular permeability, especially in hypoxic conditions. We hypothesise that hypothermia may reduce the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) metabolism and, consequently, the levels of VEGF secretion ...
Rosas-Rodríguez Jesús A - - 2010
Kidney medulla cells are exposed to a wide range of changes in the ionic and osmotic composition of their environment as a consequence of the urine concentrating mechanism. During antidiuresis NaCl and urea concentrations increase and an efficient urinary concentrating mechanism is accompanied by medullar hypoxia. Medullar hypotonicity increases reactive ...
Gros Gerolf - - 2010
Myoglobin, a mobile carrier of oxygen, is without a doubt an important player central to the physiological function of heart and skeletal muscle. Recently, researchers have surmounted technical challenges to measure Mb diffusion in the living cell. Their observations have stimulated a discussion about the relative contribution made by Mb-facilitated ...
Guelluy Pierre-Henri - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), induced by a photosensitizer (PS) encapsulated in a nanostructure, has emerged as an appropriate treatment to cure a multitude of oncological and non-oncological diseases. Pyropheophorbide-a methyl ester (PPME) is a second-generation PS tested in PDT, and is a potential candidate for future clinical applications. The present study, ...
Oppegard Shawn C - - 2010
Cell migration is a hallmark of cancer cell metastasis and is highly correlated with hypoxia in tumors. The Boyden chamber is a porous membrane-based migration platform that has seen a great deal of use for both in vitro migration and invasion assays due to its adaptability to common culture vessels ...
Liu Hua - - 2010
The heterotypic interactions of endothelial cells and mural cells (smooth muscle cells or pericytes) are crucial for assembly, maturation, and subsequent function of blood vessels. Yet, the molecular mechanisms underlying their association have not been fully defined. Our previous in vitro studies indicated that Notch3, which is expressed in mural ...
Lavi Ronit - - 2010
Light in the visible and near infrared region stimulates various cellular processes, and thus has been used for therapeutic purposes. One of the proposed mechanisms is based on cellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in response to illumination. In the present study, we followed visible light (VL)-induced hydroxyl radicals ...
Wang Q J - - 2010
Emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone), a natural anthraquinone derivative found in several herbal medicines, is highly active in suppressing the proliferation of various tumor cells such as breast, hepatocellular, and lung cancer cells under in vitro conditions. The mechanism of emodin-induced apoptosis in esophagus carcinoma cells, EC-109, is not completely understood. In this ...
Chang Mei-Chi - - 2010
Biocompatibility of dentin bonding agents (DBAs) and resin composite is important to preserve the pulp vitality after operative restoration. Bisphenol-glycidyl-methacrylate (BisGMA) is one common monomer adding into DBAs and resin. In this study, we found that exposure of human dental pulp cells to BisGMA (>0.1 mM) led to cytotoxicity, G2/M ...
Zhdanov Alexander V - - 2010
Quenched-phosphorescence oxygen (O(2)) sensing technique allows non-invasive, real-time monitoring of both intra- and extracellular O(2) concentration in respiring samples. Using this technique we investigated O(2) gradients in populations of neurosecretory PC12 cells cultured in 96-well plates and exposed to graded hypoxia at rest and upon metabolic stimulation. Under high atmospheric ...
Chowdhury Rajdeep - - 2010
Arsenic is a well-established human carcinogen; however molecular mechanisms to arsenic-induced carcinogenesis are complex and elusive. The present study identifies a potential biomarker of arsenic exposure, and redefines arsenic-induced signaling in stimulation of cell proliferation. The effect of arsenic exposure on gene expression was evaluated in PBMC of arsenic-exposed individuals ...
Li Hui - - 2011
Batch fermentative production of welan gum by Alcaligenes sp. CGMCC2428 was investigated under various oxygen supply conditions using regulating agitation speed. Based on a three kinetic parameters analysis that includes specific cell growth rate (μ), specific glucose consumption rate (q (s)), and specific welan formation rate (q (p)), a two-stage ...
San Miguel Symone M - - 2010
Smoking is associated with an increased risk of oral health and dental problems. The aim of this study is to address the hypothesis that nicotine impairs wound healing by increasing reactive oxygen species and inhibiting cell migration, and antioxidants (AOs) may counteract nicotine effects. Primary human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and ...
Lovett Michael - - 2010
Large-scale tissue engineering is limited by nutrient perfusion and mass transport limitations, especially oxygen diffusion, which restrict construct development to smaller than clinically relevant dimensions and limit the ability for in vivo integration. The goal of this work was to develop a modular approach to tissue engineering, where scaffold and ...
Kim Tae-Hee - - 2010
Overexpression of c-Myc represents the most frequently deregulated genetic event in cancer, and therefore c-Myc may represent a good molecular target for cancer therapy. The human lung carcinoma cell line, NCI-H1299, shows resistance to conventional cancer treatments, such as ionizing radiation (IR) and cisplatin, while the lung carcinoma cell line, ...
Pires Isabel M - - 2010
Severe hypoxia has been demonstrated to induce a replication arrest which is associated with decreased levels of nucleotides. Chk1 is rapidly phosphorylated in response to severe hypoxia and in turn deactivates TLK1 through phosphorylation. Loss of Chk1 has been shown to sensitize cells to hypoxia/reoxygenation. After short (acute) exposure to ...
Yang Fen - - 2010
Hirsutanol A is a novel sesquiterpene compound purified from fungus chondrostereum sp in Sarcophyton tortuosum. Its pharmacologic effect has not been reported yet. This study aimed to investigate cytotoxic effect of Hirsutanol A on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and its mechanism. Hep3B cells were treated with different concentrations of Hirsutanol ...
Jung Seung Eun - - 2010
Bcl-2 interacting cell death suppressor (Bis), also known as Bag3, has been implicated in anti-stress and anti-apoptotic pathways. In a previous study, we observed a significant induction of Bis in reactive astrocytes of the rat hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia. To investigate the significance of this induction in ischemic injury, ...
Hu Ren - - 2010
The oxidative stress responses of single MG63 osteosarcoma cells submitted to a brief mechanical stress have been investigated by amperometry at platinized carbon fiber electrodes for monitoring and characterizing the nature and the amounts of the various reactive oxygen (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) released. It was thus shown ...
Wadhwa Saurabh - - 2010
D-penicillamine is an aminothiol that is cytotoxic to cancer cells and generates dose dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) via copper catalyzed oxidation. However, the delivery of D-pen to cancer cells remains a challenge due to its high hydrophilicity, highly reactive thiol group and impermeability to the cell membrane. To overcome ...
Piotrowski Wojciech J - - 2010
This study was designed to examine the mutual relationship between 8-isoprostane in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and superoxide anion generation by bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells in patients with sarcoidosis. About 29 patients with sarcoidosis, 34 healthy never smokers (control group for EBC) and 15 healthy never smokers (control group ...
Rodrigues Carlos A V - - 2010
Neural stem (NS) cells can provide a source of material with potential applications for neural drug testing, developmental studies, or novel treatments for neurodegenerative diseases. Herein, the ex vivo expansion of a model system of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cell-derived NS cells was characterized and optimized, cells being cultivated under ...
Maraldi Tullia - - 2010
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play critical roles in vascular pathophysiology and in hematological malignancies. VEGF is supposed to utilize ROS as messenger intermediates downstream of the VEGF receptor-2. NAD(P)H oxidase (Nox) family is a major source of cellular ROS and is implicated in increased ...
Heywood Hannah K - - 2010
In the absence of in vivo measurements, the oxygen concentration within articular cartilage is calculated from the balance between cellular oxygen consumption and mass transfer. Current estimates of the oxygen tension within articular cartilage are based on oxygen consumption data from full-depth tissue samples. However, superficial and deep cell subpopulations ...
Dozio Elena - - 2010
Unlike normal cells, tumor cells survive in a specific redox environment where the elevated reactive oxygen species contribute to enhance cell proliferation and to suppress apoptosis. Alpha-lipoic acid, a naturally occurring reactive oxygen species scavenger, has been shown to possess anticancer activity, due to its ability to suppress proliferation and ...
Yano Taisuke - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species are generated within peroxisomes during peroxisomal metabolism. However, due to technological difficulties, the intraperoxisomal redox state remain elusive, and the effect of peroxisome deficiency on the intracellular redox state is controversial. A newly developed, genetically encoded fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) probe, Redoxfluor, senses the physiological redox ...
Buranrat Benjaporn B Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, - - 2010
To investigate whether dicoumarol, a potent inhibitor of NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1), potentiates gemcitabine to induce cytotoxicity in cholangiocarcinoma cells (CCA) and the role of reactive oxygen generation in sensitizing the cells. Four human cell lines with different NQO1 activity were used; the human CCA cell lines, KKU-100, KKU-OCA17, KKU-M214, ...
Olson Kenneth R - - 2010
Vertebrate cardiorespiratory homeostasis is inextricably dependent upon specialized cells that provide feedback on oxygen status in the tissues, blood, and on occasion, environment. These "oxygen sensing" cells include chemoreceptors and oxygen-sensitive chromaffin cells that initiate cardiorespiratory reflexes, vascular smooth muscle cells that adjust perfusion to metabolism or ventilation, and other ...
Bartusik Dorota - - 2010
Oximetry of the human T-Lymphoblastoid (CEM) cells was measured using (19)F magnetic resonance imaging ((19)F MRI). The cells were treated with the analogues of vitamin E, alpha-, gamma-, delta-tocopherols and corresponding tocotrienols, ex vivo in three-dimensional (3D) cell culture. The study showed that (19)F MRI allows to measure the effect ...
Stoycheva Teodora - - 2010
Here we provide evidence for a dependence between the increased production of reactive oxygen species and the activation of Ty1 retrotransposition. We have found that the strong activator of Ty1 mobility, methylmethane sulphonate, can not induce Ty1 retrotransposition in cells with compromised mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (rho(-); sco1Delta), which is the ...
Erkeko─člu Pinar - - 2010
The current study was designed to investigate possible protective effect of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) in nitrite- and nitrosamine-treated human hepatoma cells (HepG2) with the evaluation by cytotoxic effects and genotoxic effects determined by the single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE). Allyl isothiocyanate treatment enhanced cell viability and reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species ...
Yang Ming-Xian - - 2010
Comb building in mixed-species colonies of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera was studied. Two types of cell-size foundation were made from the waxes of these species and inserted into mixed colonies headed either by an A. cerana or an A. mellifera queen. The colonies did not discriminate between the waxes ...
Indelicato Manuela - - 2010
Survival strategies adopted by tumor cells in response to a hypoxic stress include activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and autophagy. However, the importance and the function of each molecular response is not well defined. In the present study, we investigated invasiveness, migration, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activity, and cell survival ...
Nam Hyun-Ja - - 2010
Wound healing requires re-epithelialization from the wound margin through keratinocyte proliferation and migration, and some growth factors are known to influence this process. In the present study, we found that the co-treatment with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and TGF-beta1 resulted in enhanced migration of HaCaT cells compared with either growth ...
Tian Niu - - 2010
Previously, we demonstrated that cytochrome P450 2B1 (CYP2B1) can generate reactive oxygen species in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced nephrotic syndrome, an animal model of minimal-change disease in humans. In this study we found that overexpression of CYP2B1 in rat glomerular epithelial cells in vitro significantly increased PAN-induced reactive oxygen species generation, ...
Banerjee Madhuchanda - - 2010
Herein we report synergy in antimicrobial activity of a chitosan-silver nanoparticle (CS-Ag NP) composite in the presence of molecular iodine. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing recombinant Escherichia coli bacteria have been used to test the efficacy and establish the mechanism of action. Experimental evidence indicate significantly high bactericidal activity of ...
Hebels Dennie G A J - - 2010
N-nitroso compounds (NOCs) may be implicated in human colon carcinogenesis, but the toxicological mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. Because it was previously demonstrated that nitrosamines and nitrosamides, representing two classes of NOC, induce distinct gene expression effects in colon cells that are particularly related to oxidative stress, we hypothesized ...
Chin Melanie P - - 2010
Knowledge of the rates at which macrophages and epithelial cells synthesize NO is critical for predicting the concentrations of NO and other reactive nitrogen species in colonic crypts during inflammation, and elucidating the linkage between inflammatory bowel disease, NO, and cancer. Macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells, primary bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM), and ...
Curcio Efrem - - 2010
On June 2008, the first human tissue-engineered trachea replacement was performed using decellularized (de-antigenised) cadaveric donor trachea, seeded with recipient epithelial cells on the internal surface of the graft and mesenchymal stem-cell-derived chondrocytes on the external. During the follow-up, cytological analysis at 4 postoperative days showed a migration of the ...
Marques Marco P C - - 2010
The microwell-scale approach is widely used for screening purposes and one-pot biotransformations, but it has seldom been applied to complex whole cell multistep bioconversions, requiring prolonged incubation periods. The present study aims to contribute to filling this gap. The side-chain cleavage of sitosterol to androstenedione (AD) with Mycobacterium sp. NRRL ...
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